Taquile (Spanish: Isla de Taquile; Quechua: Intika) is an island on
the Peruvian side of
Lake Titicaca 45 km offshore from the city
of Puno. About 2,200 people live on the island, which is 5.5 by 1.6
kilometres (3.4 by 1.0 mile) in size (maximum measurements), with an
area of 5.72 km2 (2.21 sq mi). The highest point of the
island is 4,050 metres (13,287 feet) above sea level and the main
village is at 3,950 metres (12,959 feet). The inhabitants, known as
In 2005, "Taquile and Its
Textile Art" were honored by being
proclaimed "Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of
Humanity" by UNESCO.
3 Society and economy
9 See also
11 External links
Taquileños are known for their fine handwoven textiles and clothing,
which are regarded as among the highest-quality handicrafts in Peru.
Knitting is exclusively performed by males, beginning in early
boyhood. Women spin wool and use vegetables and minerals to dye the
wool to be used by the community. Women are also the weavers of the
Chumpis, the wide belts with woven designs worn by everyone in the
community of Taquile.
Taquileans are known for having created an innovative,
community-controlled sustainable tourism model, offering home stays,
transportation, lodging for groups, cultural activities, local guides
and restaurants. Ever since tourism started coming to Taquile in the
1970s, the Taquileans slowly lost control over the mass day-tourism
operated by non-Taquileans. Taquile community have their own Travel
Agency Munay Taquile  has been established to regain local control
Society and economy
Taquileños run their society based on community collectivism and on
the Inca moral code ama sua, ama llulla, ama qhilla, (Quechua for "do
not steal, do not lie, do not be lazy"). The island is divided into
six sectors or suyus for crop rotation purposes. The economy is based
on fishing, terraced farming horticulture based on potato cultivation
and tourist-generated income from the approximately 40,000 tourists
who visit each year. Taquile's families own rams, sheep, cows,
chickens and sometimes guinea pigs.
Taquile offers a wide range of typical dishes. Breakfast consists of
two pancakes with sugar or bread with eggs, with a cup of tea made
from either Muña or Coca. For lunch, dishes are a vegetable soup,
fish with rice and a tomato and onion salad. For dinner, the Taquilean
people serve vegetable soup with bread.
The majority of the inhabitants of Taquile are Catholic. They adapted
this religion, harmonizing
Andean religion with the syncretic
Christian culture. The mother earth (Pachamama), the principal Andean
deity, directly controls harvesting and fertility; the island is home
to four Apus, Andean mountaintop deities. People make several
offerings to these deities each year, and they offer three coca leaves
prior to each activity or trip. God is present throughout the year in
the festivities. The two Catholic churches are in Centre and
Huayllano; a Seventh-day Adventist church is located in Huayrapata.
Taquile has a radio station and is equipped with generators. Islanders
have elected to use solar panels to generate energy.
Flowers and trees on the Island include Kolle, the tree used to roof
the houses and for firewood, the Cantuta flower (the national flower
of Peru), the Chukjo (used as detergent) and Muña, used as natural
medicines. Coca leaves are not cultivated in Taquile.
Isla Taquile (festival)
A festival on Taquile
The annual Fiesta de Santiago
Taquile, Puno, Perú. Mujer hilando
Lake Titicaca Children of Taquile
The Arch leading to the main square of the island
Banks of the lake Titicaca
Iperu, tourist information and assistance
Tourism in Peru
Kusikiy A Child from Taquile, Peru, 2010 ISBN 978-0-9844079-8-9
Elayne Zorn, 2004.
Weaving a Future: Tourism, Cloth and Culture on an
Andean Island, Iowa City: University of Iowa Press.
Media related to Taquile at Wikimedia Commons
Munay Taquile - Community Based Travel Agency - owned by the people of
the Taquile Island.
Coordinates: 15°46′38″S 69°41′03″W / 15.77722°S
69.68417°W / -15.7772