HOME
        TheInfoList






The Tapinocephalus Assemblage Zone is a geological stratum and is the thickest faunal zone of the Beaufort Group, South Africa, in which has been found a rich variety of early therapsids. The name refers to Tapinocephalus, a genus of large herbivorous dinocephalian therapsids that lived during the Middle Permian Period.

Paleobiota

Synapsids

†Anomodonts

Color key
Taxon Reclassified taxon Taxon falsely reported as present Dubious taxon or junior synonym Ichnotaxon Ootaxon Morphotaxon
Notes
Uncertain or tentative taxa are in small text; crossed out taxa are discredited.
Genus Species Location Stratigraphic position Material Notes Images
Anomocephalus A. africanus A basal Anomodont

†Biarmosuchians

Color key
Taxon Reclassified taxon Taxon falsely reported as present Dubious taxon or junior synonym Ichnotaxon Ootaxon Morphotaxon
Notes
Uncertain or tentative taxa are in small text; crossed out taxa are discredited.
Genus Species Location Stratigraphic position Material Notes Images
Bullacephalus B. jacksoni A Burnetiid Biarmosuchian
Hipposaurus H. boonstrai A Hipposaurid Biarmosuchian
Pachydectes P. elsi A Burnetiid Biarmosuchian

†Dinocephalians

Color key
Taxon Reclassified taxon Taxon falsely reported as present Dubious taxon or junior synonym Ichnotaxon Ootaxon Morphotaxon
Notes
Uncertain or tentative taxa are in small text; crossed out taxa are discredited.
Genus Species Location Stratigraphic position Material Notes Images

Agnosaurus

Jr. synonym of Moschops

Anteosaurus A. magnificus An Anteosaurid Dinocephalian

Avenantia

Jr. synonym of Moschops

Criocephalosaurus C. vanderbyli A Tapinocephalid Dinocephalian

Delphinognathus

Jr. synonym of Moschops

Jonkeria J. truculenta

J. boonstrai

J. haughtoni

J. ingens

J. koupensis

J. parva

J. rossouwi

J. vanderbyli

A Titanosuchid Dinocephalian
Keratocephalus K. moloch A Tapinocephalid Dinocephalian

Mormosaurus

Jr. synonym of Keratocephalus

Moschognathus

Jr. synonym of Moschops

Moschoides

Jr. synonym of Moschops

Moschops M. capensis

M. koupensis

M. oweni?

M. whaitsi?

A Tapinocephalid Dinocephalian

Moschosaurus

Jr. synonym of Struthiocephalus

Pelosuchus

Jr. synonym of Keratocephalus

Phocosaurus

Jr. synonym of Tapinocephalus

Pnigalion

Jr. synonym of Moschops

Riebeeckosaurus R. longirostris A Tapinocephalid Dinocephalian

Struthiocephalellus

Jr. synonym of Struthiocephalus

Struthiocephaloides

Jr. synonym of Struthiocephalus

Struthiocephalus S. whaitsi A Tapinocephalid Dinocephalian

Struthionops

Jr. synonym of Struthiocephalus

Styracocephalus S. platyrhynchus A Styracocephalid Dinocephalian

Taurocephalus

Jr. synonym of Struthiocephalus

Taurops

Jr. synonym of Tapinocephalus

Tapinocephalus T. atherstonei A Tapinocephalid Dinocephalian
Titanosuchus T. ferox A Titanosuchid Dinocephalian

†Gorgonopsians

Color key
Taxon Reclassified taxon Taxon falsely reported as present Dubious taxon or junior synonym Ichnotaxon Ootaxon Morphotaxon
Notes
Uncertain or tentative taxa are in small text; crossed out taxa are discredited.
Genus Species Location Stratigraphic position Material Notes Images
Eoarctops E. vanderbyli A basal Gorgonopsid
Galesuchus G. gracilis A basal Gorgonopsid

Sauropsids

†Millerosaurs

Color key
Taxon Reclassified taxon Taxon falsely reported as present Dubious taxon or junior synonym Ichnotaxon Ootaxon Morphotaxon
Notes
Uncertain or tentative taxa are in small text; crossed out taxa are discredited.
Genus Species Location Stratigraphic position Material Notes Images
Eunotosaurus E. africanus An Eunotosaurid Millerosaur

Procolophonomorphs

Color key
Taxon Reclassified taxon Taxon falsely reported as present Dubious taxon or junior synonym Ichnotaxon Ootaxon Morphotaxon
Notes
Uncertain or tentative taxa are in small text; crossed out taxa are discredited.
Genus Species Location Stratigraphic position Material Notes Images
Bradysaurus B. baini

B. seeleyi

A basal Pareiasaur
Embrithosaurus E. alexanderi

E. schwarzi

E. strubeni

A basal Pareiasaur

Nochelesaurus

N. angustus

Jr. synonym of Embrithosaurus angustus

References

  1. ^ Rubidge, B.S. (2005). "Re-uniting lost continents – Fossil reptiles from the ancient Karoo and their wanderlust". South African Journal of Geology. 108 (1): 135–172. doi:10.2113/108.1.135. 
  2. ^ Selden, P.; and Nudds, J. (2011). "Karoo". Evolution of Fossil Ecosystems (2 ed.). Manson Publishing. pp. 104–122. ISBN 9781840761603. 

External links