Tangerang (Sundanese: ᮒᮍᮨᮛᮀ, Chinese: 丹格朗) is a city
in the province of Banten, Indonesia. It is about 25 kilometres (16
miles) west of Jakarta. It is on the island of Java. The city is the
third largest urban centre in the Greater
Jakarta region after Jakarta
and Bekasi; the sixth largest city in the nation; and the largest city
Banten province. It has an area of 164.54 square kilometres (63.53
square miles) and an official 2010 Census population of 1,797,715,
increasing to 2,001,925 as at 2014 — making it the eighth most
populated suburb in the world at the latter date.
Tangerang, along with South Tangerang, is where many giant developers
created built-up areas such as BSD City, Gading Serpong, Alam Sutera,
and Lippo Village.
Tangerang is home for
Soekarno–Hatta International Airport
Soekarno–Hatta International Airport which
Jakarta and as the Indonesia's main gateway.
Indonesia Convention Exhibition is the biggest convention and
exhibition centre in
Indonesia opened in 2015.
3.1 Indonesian Revolution
3.2 Recent history
Situ Gintung Flood
4.1 Boen Tek Bio
4.2 The Benteng Heritage Museum
7 South Tangerang
11 Twin towns – sister cities
12 Picture gallery
14 External links
Tangerang is an industrial and manufacturing hub on
Java and is home
to over 1,000 factories. Many international corporations have plants
in the city.
Tangerang tends to be hot and humid, with little in the
way of trees or geographical features. Certain areas consist of
swamps, including the areas near the Soekarno–Hatta International
In recent years the urban expansion of
Jakarta has covered Tangerang.
As a result, many of its residents commute to
Jakarta for work or vice
versa. Many high-class and middle-class satellite cities have been
developed in Tangerang, complete with their own shopping malls,
private schools and convenience centers. The government is working on
expanding the highway system to accommodate more traffic flow to and
from the area.
Tangerang is the corporations' alternative to move or build their
Jakarta due to the heavy traffic and crowds, such as
Indonesia that moved their head from Jalan Jenderal Gatot
Jakarta to BSD City.
Cina Benteng wedding ceremony.
See also: Benteng Chinese
Tangerang has a significant community of Chinese Indonesians, many of
whom are of
Cina Benteng extraction. They are part of the country's
Peranakan Chinese community, but with deep, centuries-old roots in the
Tangerang area, also called 'Benteng' locally.
Most of the old settlements in
Tangerang have colonial, Chinese
districts, such as at Sewan, Pasar Lama, Pasar Baru, Benteng Makasar,
Kapling and Karawaci Lama (the precursor to Lippo Karawaci). One can
find any food and all things Chinese there. In addition, a large
Benteng Chinese have traditionally been rural dwellers,
engaged in agricultural activities, such as farming and livestock
Due to the growth of satellite towns in the greater
which includes Tangerang, the area is now home to many new migrants
from all parts of Indonesia.
Map of Tangerang's fort dated 1709
In October 1945, Laskar Hitam, a Muslim militia, was established in
Tangerang. The goal of this movement was to establish an Islamic
nation in Indonesia. This movement later became a part of DI/TII rebel
group. On October 31, 1945, Laskar Hitam kidnapped Otto
Iskandardinata, Republic of Indonesia's Minister of State. He was
presumed to have been murdered at Mauk beach,
Tangerang on December
20, 1945.
Tangerang city was formed as an autonomous city on 27 February 1993
out of the
Tangerang Regency. The city was previously an
administrative city in that regency.
In August 1996, Walmart, the largest retail group in USA, opened its
first branch in Lippo Karawaci, Tangerang. The branch was ransacked
and burned down during the Indonesian riots of May 1998.[citation
needed] Walmart discontinued their investment in
Indonesia after the
Situ Gintung Flood
Main article: Situ Gintung
Tangerang District is the location of the
Situ Gintung reservoir built
by the Dutch colonial authorities in 1933. It was surrounded by a dam
up to 16 metres (52 ft) high, which failed on 27 March 2009 with
the resulting floods killing at least 93 people.
Boen Tek Bio
Boen Tek Bio is the oldest Chinese temple, or klenteng, in
with a history going back to 1684.
The Benteng Heritage Museum
Boen Tek Bio is the Benteng Heritage Museum, a historic
townhouse that was restored and repurposed as a museum by a Benteng
Chinese businessman Udaya Halim. It was opened on a specifically
chosen auspicious date: November 11, 2011 or 11/11/11. The museum
Benteng Chinese artefacts and other cultural objects related
to the history of Tangerang's Chinese community.
The city of
Tangerang is divided into 13 districts (kecamatan),
tabulated below with their 2010 Census population.
By 2007 the city government passed an anti-prostitution law which
meant that women who are perceived to be dressed too provocatively may
be arrested. Some news outlets reported that some women decided to
wear jilbab (hijab) to avoid being prosecuted under this law. In
addition the city government began requiring municipal employees to
abide by Islamic dress codes.
Main article: South Tangerang
South Tangerang (
Tangerang Selatan) is a city which, like Tangerang
city, is administratively separate from
Tangerang Regency. It is
subdivided into seven districts — Serpong, Serpong Utara (North
Serpong), Ciputat, Ciputat Timur (East Ciputat), Pondok Aren,
Pamulang, and Setu. Located on the southwest of Jakarta, it has an
area of 147.19 square kilometres and a population of 1,303,569 at the
See also: List of universities in Tangerang
Universitas Multimedia Nusantara
Tangerang provides educational facilities from kindergarten to
City is the pioneer of Tangerang's first education centre
called EduTown which now consists of two universities. In addition to
government schools, there are many private schools and colleges. Among
these are Sekolah Santa Ursula BSD, Santa Laurensia School,
BPK Penabur Gading Serpong, and IPEKA Plus BSD Christian School.
Tangerang houses the following international primary and secondary
Jakarta Nanyang School
Sinarmas World Academy, BSD City
Pelita Harapan School
Stella Maris International School
The following are in South Tangerang:
Jakarta Japanese School, Bintaro
School Jakarta, Bintaro
Global Jaya International School, Bintaro
It houses the following colleges and universities:
International University Liaison Indonesia
Pelita Harapan University
Multimedia Nusantara University
STIM Prima Graha
Alam Sutera Campus
Swiss German University
Universitas Pembangunan Jaya, Bintaro
Bina Nusantara School, BSD
Prasetiya Mulya Business School
Muhammadiyah University Tangerang
Tangerang's economy depends highly on service sectors, trading,
financial service, and industrial. Jatake, which is Tangerang's
biggest industrial area, is home to over 1,000 industrial
As the impact of Jakarta's growing economy,
Tangerang has become an
alternative for some corporations to build their offices here due to
crowds and land prices. Jl. Pahlawan Seribu and Jl. Kapten Soebianto
Djojohadjikusumo which are in BSD
City are the central business
Tangerang city and South Tangerang. Hundreds of
shophouses and several important branch office and headquarters are
AEON Mall in Bumi Serpong Damai
A mall at Alam Sutera
IKEA in Alam Sutera
Tangerang is the home for shopping in
Banten area. Numerous shopping
centres and markets are available here. The largest shopping mall in
Banten is Supermall Karawaci in
Lippo Village which
provides H&M, Debenhams, and more. The most popular is AEON Mall
City which opened in May 2015 as the first AEON mall in Indonesia;
it has an AEON Store and high-street brands such as H&M and
Uniqlo. Mall @
Alam Sutera is a upper-middle class shopping mall
consisting of high-street brands such as Cotton On, New Look, Dorothy
Sogo department store along with TheFoodhall Supermarket
(part of PT. Panen Lestari Internusa). Other popular destinations are
Summarecon Mall Serpong, The Breeze BSD
City (open-air mall), Living
World Alam Sutera, Tang
City Mall, TerasKota, Ikea, The Hu6 (Balekota),
WTC Matahari, BSD Plaza, ITC BSD, Bintaro Plaza.
The main road in Alam Sutera
Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, Terminal 1
There are two highway connections from Jakarta. First, the
Jakarta–Merak highway, which has three exits points to Tangerang
city. Second, Bumi Serpong Damai–
Jakarta Outer Ringroad highway
provides direct toll access from Tangerang, Jakarta, Bekasi, and
The feeder buses of
Transjakarta serves commuters from Bumi Serpong
Damai and Bintaro Jaya.
KRL Jabotabek serves from
Jakarta Kota. For the Indonesian
A1 Grand Prix
A1 Grand Prix in November
2008, the government developed Lippo Karawaci circuit.
There are several taxi companies operating in the city, such as the
express taxi, blue bird, and the local operator Arimbi.
Soekarno-Hatta International Airport
Soekarno-Hatta International Airport is the main hub for air transport
Jakarta Metropolitan Area as well as Tangerang. Air-conditioned
public bus shuttle is available from the airport to destinations in
Jakarta. This is operated by DAMRI, a state-owned company.
There are private shuttle bus services from
Jakarta to private
residential area such as Lippo Karawaci and Citra Raya.
There are 17 intersections prone to traffic congestion with the
obsolete Multi Program Eight Phase System. By 2012,
have a new technology, called the Intelligent Transport System (ITS),
that uses a closed-circuit camera that responds to traffic conditions
at any given intersection and could reduce the rate of congestion by
Twin towns – sister cities
Tangerang is twinned with:
Gatineau, Quebec, Canada
Mississauga, Ontario, Canada
Arlington County, Virginia, United States
Cisadane River floodgates, 1915-1925.
Times Cisadane seen from above, 1920-1922.
Car on the way to Tangerang, West Java, 1920-1922.
The people who worked at the company Petitjean bamboo Tangerang, date
^ a b
Estimasi Penduduk Menurut Umur Tunggal Dan Jenis Kelamin 2014
^ Statistic by Region Archived 2009-09-25 at the Wayback Machine.
^ Setiono, Benny G. (2008). Tionghoa Dalam Pusaran Politik (in
Indonesian). TransMedia. ISBN 9789797990527. Retrieved 8 March
^ Lestari, Sri (16 February 2018). "Ketika warga miskin 'Cina Benteng'
merayakan Imlek". BBC Indonesia. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
^ Singh, R. B. (2014). Urban Development Challenges, Risks and
Resilience in Asian Mega Cities. Springer. ISBN 9784431550433.
Retrieved 8 March 2018.
^ "Evakuasi Hari Ini Dihentikan, Jumlah Korban 93 Orang". Republika
(in Indonesian). 28 March 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-28.
^ User, Super. "
Boen Tek Bio - SEJARAH". www.boentekbio.org. Retrieved
8 March 2018.
^ 'An encounter with history,' The
^ Mutia Nugraheni (February 11, 2015). "Mengenal Museum Peranakan
Tionghoa Satu-satunya di Indonesia".
^ Warburton, Eve (January–March 2007). "No longer a choice" (89
ed.). Inside Indonesia. Retrieved 2017-06-20.
Retrieved February 17, 2009. Missing or empty title=
^ "Santa Ursula BSD".
^ "Santa Laurensia".
^ SMA Penabur Archived 2011-07-21 at the Wayback Machine.
^ Post, The Jakarta. "
Tangerang goes hi-tech in traffic".
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Tangerang.
(in Indonesian) Official website
(in Indonesian) portal from tangsel
(in Indonesian) TokoBanten.com -
Portal Buy and Sell in Indonesian
An encounter with history in Tangerang
Regencies and cities of Banten
See also: List of regencies and cities of Indonesia
Indonesian cities with a 200,000+ population
2,000,000 and more