TANGERANG is a city in the province of
Indonesia . It is
located about 25 kilometres (16 miles) west of
Jakarta . It is located
on the island of
Java . The city is the third largest urban centre in
Jabodetabek region after
Bekasi , now the sixth
largest city in the nation and also the largest city in Banten
province. It has an area of 164.54 square kilometres (63.53 square
miles) and an official 2010 Census population of 1,797,715,
increasing to 2,001,925 as at 2014 - making it the eighth most
populated suburb in the world at the latter date.
Tangerang, along with
South Tangerang is the place where many giant
developers built up the satellite city such as BSD City, Gading
Serpong, Alam Sutera, and
Lippo Village in
Tangerang which has now
become Indonesia's property barometer.
Tangerang is home for
Soekarno–Hatta International Airport
Soekarno–Hatta International Airport which
Jakarta and as the Indonesia's main gateway,
Indonesia Convention Exhibition which is the biggest convention and
exhibition centre in
Indonesia which is opened in 2015.
* 1 Overview
* 2 Demographics
* 3 History
Situ Gintung Flood
* 3.2 The
Benteng Heritage Museum
* 4 Administration
* 5 Politics
* 7 Education
* 8 Economy
* 8.1 Shopping
* 9 Transportation
* 10 Twin towns – sister cities
* 11 Picture gallery
* 12 References
* 13 External links
Tangerang is an industrial and manufacturing hub on
Java and is home
to over 1,000 factories. Many international corporations have plants
in the city.
Tangerang tends to be hot and humid, with little in the
way of trees or geographical features. Certain areas consist of
swamps, including the areas near the Soekarno–Hatta International
In recent years the urban expansion of
Jakarta has covered Tangerang,
and as a result many of its residents commute to
Jakarta for work, or
vice versa. Many high-class and middle-class satellite cities have
been developed in Tangerang, complete with their own shopping malls ,
private schools and convenience centers. The government is working on
expanding the highway system to accommodate more traffic flow to and
from the area.
Tangerang is also the corporations' alternative to move or build
their offices from
Jakarta due to the heavy traffic and crowds, such
Indonesia that move their head from Jalan Jenderal Gatot
Jakarta to BSD
Cina Benteng of
Tangerang are uniquely the only Chinese
Indonesia with significant
Tungusic people of Eastern
Siberia Manchurian ancestry.
Tangerang also has a significant community of
Chinese Indonesians ,
many of whom are of
Cina Benteng extraction. Benteng means 'fortress'
in Indonesian . They were descended from Manchu laborers who were
brought there by the Dutch colonials in the 18th and 19th centuries.
They are culturally distinct from other Chinese communities in the
area: while almost none speak any dialect of Chinese, they are
culturally very strongly Daoist and maintain their own places of
worship and community centers. They are ethnically mixed. A large
Chinese cemetery is also located in Tangerang, much of which has now
been developed into modern suburban communities such as Gading Serpong
Alam Sutera and BSD
Most of the Chinatown of
Tangerang is located at Sewan, Pasar Lama,
Pasar Baru, Benteng Makasar, Kapling, Karawaci (not Lippo Karawaci).
One can find any food and all things Chinese there. Lippo Karawaci,
Bumi Serpong Damai and
Alam Sutera are new locations of
residential places (New Towns ). A vast majority of the residents are
Jakarta or outside, not genuine Benteng Chinese.
Map of Tangerang's fort dated 1709
In October 1945, Laskar Hitam, a Muslim militia was established in
Tangerang. The goal of this movement was to establish an Islamic
nation in Indonesia. This movement later became a part of DI/TII rebel
group. On October 31, 1945, Laskar Hitam kidnapped Otto
Iskandardinata, Republic of Indonesia's Minister of State. He was
presumed to have been murdered at Mauk beach,
Tangerang on December
Tangerang city was formed as an autonomous city on 27 February 1993
out of the
Tangerang Regency . The city was previously an
administrative city within that Regency.
In August 1996, Walmart, the largest retail group in USA, opened its
first branch in Lippo Karawaci, Tangerang. The branch was ransacked
and burned down during the
Indonesian riots of May 1998 . Walmart
discontinued their investment in
Indonesia after the riot.
SITU GINTUNG FLOOD
Tangerang District is the location of the
Situ Gintung reservoir
built by the Dutch colonial authorities in 1933. It was surrounded by
a dam up to 16 metres (52 ft) high, which failed on 27 March 2009 with
the resulting floods killing at least 93 people.
THE BENTENG HERITAGE MUSEUM
Next to the Boen Tek Bio Temple, the
Benteng Heritage Museum was
built by Udaya. It was opened on the auspicious date, November 11,
2011 or 11/11/11 and has enriched the Chinese heritage.
The museum display about Chinese (Cina) Benteng which about Chinese
male married with female native Indonesian, so the children are called
'Cina Peranakan'. Most of the Cina Peranakan male then married also
with female native Indonesian, so most of the
Cina Benteng nowadays
are rather difficult to differentiate with other native Indonesian by
its posture or skin, but they still celebrate Imlek (Chinese New
The city of
Tangerang is divided into thirteen districts (kecamatan),
tabulated below with their 2010 Census population.
(Central Karang) 118,473
By 2007 the city government passed an anti-prostitution law which
meant that women who are perceived to have dressed too provocatively
may be arrested. Some news outlets reported that some women decided to
wear jilbab (hijab) in order to avoid being prosecuted under this law.
In addition the city government began requiring municipal employees to
abide by Islamic dress codes.
South Tangerang (
Tangerang Selatan) is a city which, like Tangerang
city itself, is administratively separate from
Tangerang Regency . It
is subdivided into seven districts, which are Serpong, Serpong Utara
(North Serpong), Ciputat, Ciputat Timur (East Ciputat), Pondok Aren,
Pamulang, and Setu. Located on the southwest of Jakarta, it has an
area of 147.19 square kilometres and a population of 1,303,569 at the
List of universities in Tangerang Universitas
Tangerang provides educational facilities from kindergarten to
City is the pioneer of Tangerang's first educational
centre called EduTown which is now consist of 2 universities. In
addition to government schools founded by there are many private
schools and colleges. Among these are Sekolah Santa Ursula BSD, Santa
Laurensia School, BPK Penabur Gading Serpong, and IPEKA Plus BSD
Tangerang houses the following international primary and secondary
* German International
* Sinarmas World Academy, BSD
* Pelita Harapan
* Stella Maris International
The following are in
South Tangerang :
School , Bintaro
Jakarta , Bintaro
It also houses the following colleges and universities:
Pelita Harapan University
Multimedia Nusantara University
* BINUS University
Alam Sutera Campus
* Swiss German University
* Universitas Pembangunan Jaya, Bintaro
* Bina Nusantara School, BSD
* Prasetiya Mulya Business School
* Muhammadiyah University Tangerang
Tangerang's economy depends highly on service sectors, trading,
financial service, and industrial. Jatake, which is the Tangerang's
biggest industrial area is home for over 1.000 industrial corporation.
As the impact of Jakarta's growing economy,
Tangerang has become an
alternative for some corporation to build their offices here due to
the crowded and the land price's are getting expensive. Jl. Pahlawan
Seribu and Jl. Kapten Soebianto Djojohadjikusumo which is both in BSD
City are the central business district for both
Tangerang city and
South Tangerang as well. Here, hundreds of shophouses and several
important branch office and headquarters are located here.
Due to the massive development that giant developers and urbanization
to Greater Tangerang, Serpong has become the Indonesia's property
barometer because of the real estate that been developed here.
AEON Mall in
Bumi Serpong Damai A mall at
Tangerang's is the home for shopping in
Banten area. Numerous
shopping centre and market are available here. The largest shopping
Banten is Supermall Karawaci located in Lippo
Village which provides
Debenhams , and more. The most popular is
AEON Mall BSD
City which is opened in May 2015 as the first AEON mall
Indonesia which provides AEON Store, high-street brands such as H">
Soekarno-Hatta International Airport - Terminal 1 The main
There are two highway connections from Jakarta. Firstly, the
Jakarta–Merak highway, which have three different exits points to
Tangerang city. Secondly,
Bumi Serpong Damai -
Jakarta Outer Ringroad
highway providing direct toll access from Tangerang, Jakarta, Bekasi,
and Bogor. The feeder buses of
Transjakarta serves commuter from Bumi
Serpong Damai and Bintaro Jaya.
KRL Jabotabek serves from Tangerang
and Serpong to
Jakarta Kota . Many shopping malls developed in
Tangerang, such as Mal Summarecon Serpong, WTC Matahari, BSD Plaza,
ITC BSD, Bintaro Plaza, and the biggest one, Supermal Karawaci. For
A1 Grand Prix
A1 Grand Prix in November 2008, the government had
developed Lippo Karawaci circuit.
Apart from using buses and public transport, there are several taxi
companies operating in the city, such as the express taxi, blue bird,
and the local operator Arimbi.
Soekarno-Hatta International Airport is the main hub for air
Jakarta Metropolitan Area as well as Tangerang. Air
Conditioned public bus shuttle is available from the Airport to
several destinations inside Jakarta. This is operated by Damri, a
state owned company.
There are also private shuttle bus services from
Jakarta to private
residential area such as Lippo Karawaci and Citra Raya.
There are 17 intersections prone to traffic congestion with the
obsolete Multi Program Eight Phase System. By 2012,
have a new technology, called the Intelligent Transport System (ITS),
that uses a closed-circuit camera that would respond to traffic
conditions at any given intersection and could reduce the rate of
congestion by 30 percent.
TWIN TOWNS – SISTER CITIES
Tangerang is twinned with:
Gatineau , Canada
Mississauga , Canada
Arlington County, Virginia , United States
Cisadane River floodgates, years 1915-1925.
Times Cisadane seen from above, year 1920-1922.
Car on the way to Tangerang, West Java. year 1920-1922.
The people who worked at the company Petitjean bamboo Tangerang, date
* ^ A B
Estimasi Penduduk Menurut Umur Tunggal Dan Jenis Kelamin 2014
* ^ Statistic by Region
* ^ "Evakuasi Hari Ini Dihentikan, Jumlah Korban 93 Orang".
Republika (in Indonesian). 28 March 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-28.
* ^ 'An encounter with history,' The
* ^ Mutia Nugraheni (February