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TANGERANG is a city in the province of Banten
Banten
, Indonesia
Indonesia
. It is located about 25 kilometres (16 miles) west of Jakarta
Jakarta
. It is located on the island of Java
Java
. The city is the third largest urban centre in the Jabodetabek
Jabodetabek
region after Jakarta
Jakarta
and Bekasi , now the sixth largest city in the nation and also the largest city in Banten province. It has an area of 164.54 square kilometres (63.53 square miles) and an official 2010 Census population of 1,797,715, increasing to 2,001,925 as at 2014 - making it the eighth most populated suburb in the world at the latter date.

Tangerang, along with South Tangerang
South Tangerang
is the place where many giant developers built up the satellite city such as BSD City, Gading Serpong, Alam Sutera, and Lippo Village in Tangerang
Tangerang
which has now become Indonesia's property barometer.

Tangerang
Tangerang
is home for Soekarno–Hatta International Airport
Soekarno–Hatta International Airport
which serves metropolitan Jakarta
Jakarta
and as the Indonesia's main gateway, Indonesia
Indonesia
Convention Exhibition which is the biggest convention and exhibition centre in Indonesia
Indonesia
which is opened in 2015.

CONTENTS

* 1 Overview * 2 Demographics

* 3 History

* 3.1 Situ Gintung Flood * 3.2 The Benteng Heritage Museum

* 4 Administration * 5 Politics * 6 South Tangerang
South Tangerang
* 7 Education

* 8 Economy

* 8.1 Shopping

* 9 Transportation * 10 Twin towns – sister cities * 11 Picture gallery * 12 References * 13 External links

OVERVIEW

Tangerang
Tangerang
is an industrial and manufacturing hub on Java
Java
and is home to over 1,000 factories. Many international corporations have plants in the city. Tangerang
Tangerang
tends to be hot and humid, with little in the way of trees or geographical features. Certain areas consist of swamps, including the areas near the Soekarno–Hatta International Airport .

In recent years the urban expansion of Jakarta
Jakarta
has covered Tangerang, and as a result many of its residents commute to Jakarta
Jakarta
for work, or vice versa. Many high-class and middle-class satellite cities have been developed in Tangerang, complete with their own shopping malls , private schools and convenience centers. The government is working on expanding the highway system to accommodate more traffic flow to and from the area.

Tangerang
Tangerang
is also the corporations' alternative to move or build their offices from Jakarta
Jakarta
due to the heavy traffic and crowds, such as Unilever Indonesia
Indonesia
that move their head from Jalan Jenderal Gatot Subroto , Jakarta
Jakarta
to BSD City
City
.

DEMOGRAPHICS

Cina Benteng
Cina Benteng
of Tangerang
Tangerang
are uniquely the only Chinese community in Indonesia
Indonesia
with significant Tungusic people of Eastern Siberia Manchurian ancestry.

Tangerang
Tangerang
also has a significant community of Chinese Indonesians
Chinese Indonesians
, many of whom are of Cina Benteng
Cina Benteng
extraction. Benteng means 'fortress' in Indonesian . They were descended from Manchu laborers who were brought there by the Dutch colonials in the 18th and 19th centuries. They are culturally distinct from other Chinese communities in the area: while almost none speak any dialect of Chinese, they are culturally very strongly Daoist and maintain their own places of worship and community centers. They are ethnically mixed. A large Chinese cemetery is also located in Tangerang, much of which has now been developed into modern suburban communities such as Gading Serpong , Alam Sutera and BSD City
City
.

Most of the Chinatown of Tangerang
Tangerang
is located at Sewan, Pasar Lama, Pasar Baru, Benteng Makasar, Kapling, Karawaci (not Lippo Karawaci). One can find any food and all things Chinese there. Lippo Karawaci, Bintaro Jaya, Bumi Serpong Damai and Alam Sutera are new locations of residential places (New Towns ). A vast majority of the residents are newcomers from Jakarta
Jakarta
or outside, not genuine Benteng Chinese.

HISTORY

Map of Tangerang's fort dated 1709

In October 1945, Laskar Hitam, a Muslim militia was established in Tangerang. The goal of this movement was to establish an Islamic nation in Indonesia. This movement later became a part of DI/TII rebel group. On October 31, 1945, Laskar Hitam kidnapped Otto Iskandardinata, Republic of Indonesia's Minister of State. He was presumed to have been murdered at Mauk beach, Tangerang
Tangerang
on December 20, 1945.

Tangerang
Tangerang
city was formed as an autonomous city on 27 February 1993 out of the Tangerang Regency
Tangerang Regency
. The city was previously an administrative city within that Regency.

In August 1996, Walmart, the largest retail group in USA, opened its first branch in Lippo Karawaci, Tangerang. The branch was ransacked and burned down during the Indonesian riots of May 1998 . Walmart discontinued their investment in Indonesia
Indonesia
after the riot.

SITU GINTUNG FLOOD

Main article: Situ Gintung

Tangerang
Tangerang
District is the location of the Situ Gintung reservoir built by the Dutch colonial authorities in 1933. It was surrounded by a dam up to 16 metres (52 ft) high, which failed on 27 March 2009 with the resulting floods killing at least 93 people.

THE BENTENG HERITAGE MUSEUM

Next to the Boen Tek Bio Temple, the Benteng Heritage Museum was built by Udaya. It was opened on the auspicious date, November 11, 2011 or 11/11/11 and has enriched the Chinese heritage.

The museum display about Chinese (Cina) Benteng which about Chinese male married with female native Indonesian, so the children are called 'Cina Peranakan'. Most of the Cina Peranakan male then married also with female native Indonesian, so most of the Cina Benteng
Cina Benteng
nowadays are rather difficult to differentiate with other native Indonesian by its posture or skin, but they still celebrate Imlek (Chinese New Year).

ADMINISTRATION

The city of Tangerang
Tangerang
is divided into thirteen districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their 2010 Census population.

NAME Population Census 2010

Ciledug 147,023

Larangan 163,901

Karang Tengah (Central Karang) 118,473

Cipondoh 216,346

Pinang 160,206

Tangerang
Tangerang
126,244

Karawaci 171,317

Jati Uwung 120,216

Cibodas
Cibodas
142,479

Periuk 129,384

Batuceper 90,590

Neglasari 103,504

Benda 83,017

POLITICS

By 2007 the city government passed an anti-prostitution law which meant that women who are perceived to have dressed too provocatively may be arrested. Some news outlets reported that some women decided to wear jilbab (hijab) in order to avoid being prosecuted under this law. In addition the city government began requiring municipal employees to abide by Islamic dress codes.

SOUTH TANGERANG

Main article: South Tangerang
South Tangerang

South Tangerang
South Tangerang
( Tangerang
Tangerang
Selatan) is a city which, like Tangerang city itself, is administratively separate from Tangerang Regency
Tangerang Regency
. It is subdivided into seven districts, which are Serpong, Serpong Utara (North Serpong), Ciputat, Ciputat Timur (East Ciputat), Pondok Aren, Pamulang, and Setu. Located on the southwest of Jakarta, it has an area of 147.19 square kilometres and a population of 1,303,569 at the 2010 Census.

EDUCATION

See also: List of universities in Tangerang Universitas Multimedia Nusantara

Tangerang
Tangerang
provides educational facilities from kindergarten to college. BSD City
City
is the pioneer of Tangerang's first educational centre called EduTown which is now consist of 2 universities. In addition to government schools founded by there are many private schools and colleges. Among these are Sekolah Santa Ursula BSD, Santa Laurensia School, BPK Penabur Gading Serpong, and IPEKA Plus BSD Christian School.

Tangerang
Tangerang
houses the following international primary and secondary schools

* Jakarta
Jakarta
Nanyang School
School
* German International School
School
Jakarta
Jakarta
* Sinarmas World Academy, BSD City
City
* Pelita Harapan School
School
* Stella Maris International School
School

The following are in South Tangerang
South Tangerang
:

* Jakarta
Jakarta
Japanese School
School
, Bintaro * British School
School
Jakarta
Jakarta
, Bintaro

It also houses the following colleges and universities:

* Pelita Harapan University * Multimedia Nusantara University
Multimedia Nusantara University
* BINUS University Alam Sutera Campus * Swiss German University * Universitas Pembangunan Jaya, Bintaro * Bina Nusantara School, BSD * Prasetiya Mulya Business School * Muhammadiyah University Tangerang

ECONOMY

Tangerang's economy depends highly on service sectors, trading, financial service, and industrial. Jatake, which is the Tangerang's biggest industrial area is home for over 1.000 industrial corporation.

As the impact of Jakarta's growing economy, Tangerang
Tangerang
has become an alternative for some corporation to build their offices here due to the crowded and the land price's are getting expensive. Jl. Pahlawan Seribu and Jl. Kapten Soebianto Djojohadjikusumo which is both in BSD City
City
are the central business district for both Tangerang
Tangerang
city and South Tangerang
South Tangerang
as well. Here, hundreds of shophouses and several important branch office and headquarters are located here.

Due to the massive development that giant developers and urbanization to Greater Tangerang, Serpong has become the Indonesia's property barometer because of the real estate that been developed here.

SHOPPING

AEON Mall in Bumi Serpong Damai A mall at Alam Sutera IKEA
IKEA
in Alam Sutera

Tangerang's is the home for shopping in Banten
Banten
area. Numerous shopping centre and market are available here. The largest shopping mall in Tangerang
Tangerang
and Banten
Banten
is Supermall Karawaci located in Lippo Village which provides H&M
H&M
, Debenhams
Debenhams
, and more. The most popular is AEON Mall BSD City
City
which is opened in May 2015 as the first AEON mall in Indonesia
Indonesia
which provides AEON Store, high-street brands such as H"> Soekarno-Hatta International Airport - Terminal 1 The main road in Alam Sutera

There are two highway connections from Jakarta. Firstly, the Jakarta–Merak highway, which have three different exits points to Tangerang
Tangerang
city. Secondly, Bumi Serpong Damai - Jakarta
Jakarta
Outer Ringroad highway providing direct toll access from Tangerang, Jakarta, Bekasi, and Bogor. The feeder buses of Transjakarta serves commuter from Bumi Serpong Damai and Bintaro Jaya. KRL Jabotabek
KRL Jabotabek
serves from Tangerang and Serpong to Jakarta
Jakarta
Kota . Many shopping malls developed in Tangerang, such as Mal Summarecon Serpong, WTC Matahari, BSD Plaza, ITC BSD, Bintaro Plaza, and the biggest one, Supermal Karawaci. For the Indonesian A1 Grand Prix in November 2008, the government had developed Lippo Karawaci circuit.

Apart from using buses and public transport, there are several taxi companies operating in the city, such as the express taxi, blue bird, and the local operator Arimbi.

Soekarno-Hatta International Airport is the main hub for air transport in Jakarta
Jakarta
Metropolitan Area as well as Tangerang. Air Conditioned public bus shuttle is available from the Airport to several destinations inside Jakarta. This is operated by Damri, a state owned company.

There are also private shuttle bus services from Jakarta
Jakarta
to private residential area such as Lippo Karawaci and Citra Raya.

There are 17 intersections prone to traffic congestion with the obsolete Multi Program Eight Phase System. By 2012, Tangerang
Tangerang
will have a new technology, called the Intelligent Transport System (ITS), that uses a closed-circuit camera that would respond to traffic conditions at any given intersection and could reduce the rate of congestion by 30 percent.

TWIN TOWNS – SISTER CITIES

Tangerang
Tangerang
is twinned with:

* Gatineau
Gatineau
, Canada * Mississauga
Mississauga
, Canada * Arlington County, Virginia
Arlington County, Virginia
, United States * Putrajaya
Putrajaya
, Malaysia
Malaysia
* Jerudong , Brunei
Brunei
Darussalam

PICTURE GALLERY

*

Cisadane River
Cisadane River
floodgates, years 1915-1925. *

Times Cisadane seen from above, year 1920-1922. *

Car on the way to Tangerang, West Java. year 1920-1922. *

The people who worked at the company Petitjean bamboo Tangerang, date unknown.

REFERENCES

* ^ A B http://www.depkes.go.id/downloads/Penduduk%20Kab%20Kota%20Umur%20Tunggal%202014.pdf Estimasi Penduduk Menurut Umur Tunggal Dan Jenis Kelamin 2014 Kementerian Kesehatan * ^ Statistic by Region * ^ "Evakuasi Hari Ini Dihentikan, Jumlah Korban 93 Orang". Republika (in Indonesian). 28 March 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-28. * ^ 'An encounter with history,' The Jakarta
Jakarta
Post. * ^ Mutia Nugraheni (February 11, 2015). "Mengenal Museum Peranakan Tionghoa Satu-satunya di Indonesia". * ^ Warburton, Eve (January–March 2007). "No longer a choice" (89 ed.). Inside Indonesia
Indonesia
. Retrieved 2017-06-20. * ^ http://www.korantempo.com/korantempo/koran/2008/11/04/Metro/krn.20081104.146872.id.html. Retrieved February 17, 2009. Missing or empty title= (help ) * ^ "Santa Ursula BSD". * ^ "Santa Laurensia". * ^ SMA Penabur * ^ Post, The Jakarta. " Tangerang
Tangerang
goes hi-tech in traffic".

EXTERNAL