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Tangerang
Tangerang
(Sundanese: ᮒᮍᮨᮛᮀ, Chinese: 丹格朗) is a city in the province of Banten, Indonesia. It is about 25 kilometres (16 miles) west of Jakarta. It is on the island of Java. The city is the third largest urban centre in the Greater Jakarta
Jakarta
region after Jakarta and Bekasi; the sixth largest city in the nation; and the largest city in Banten
Banten
province. It has an area of 164.54 square kilometres (63.53 square miles) and an official 2010 Census population of 1,797,715,[2] increasing to 2,001,925 as at 2014[1] — making it the eighth most populated suburb in the world at the latter date. Tangerang, along with South Tangerang, is where many giant developers created built-up areas such as BSD City, Gading Serpong, Alam Sutera, and Lippo Village. Tangerang
Tangerang
is home for Soekarno–Hatta International Airport
Soekarno–Hatta International Airport
which serves metropolitan Jakarta
Jakarta
and as the Indonesia's main gateway. Indonesia
Indonesia
Convention Exhibition is the biggest convention and exhibition centre in Indonesia
Indonesia
opened in 2015.

Contents

1 Overview 2 Demographics 3 History

3.1 Indonesian Revolution 3.2 Recent history 3.3 Situ Gintung
Situ Gintung
Flood

4 Attractions

4.1 Boen Tek Bio 4.2 The Benteng Heritage Museum

5 Administration 6 Politics 7 South Tangerang 8 Education 9 Economy

9.1 Shopping

10 Transportation 11 Twin towns – sister cities 12 Picture gallery 13 References 14 External links

Overview[edit] Tangerang
Tangerang
is an industrial and manufacturing hub on Java
Java
and is home to over 1,000 factories. Many international corporations have plants in the city. Tangerang
Tangerang
tends to be hot and humid, with little in the way of trees or geographical features. Certain areas consist of swamps, including the areas near the Soekarno–Hatta International Airport. In recent years the urban expansion of Jakarta
Jakarta
has covered Tangerang. As a result, many of its residents commute to Jakarta
Jakarta
for work or vice versa. Many high-class and middle-class satellite cities have been developed in Tangerang, complete with their own shopping malls, private schools and convenience centers. The government is working on expanding the highway system to accommodate more traffic flow to and from the area. Tangerang
Tangerang
is the corporations' alternative to move or build their offices from Jakarta
Jakarta
due to the heavy traffic and crowds, such as Unilever Indonesia
Indonesia
that moved their head from Jalan Jenderal Gatot Subroto, Jakarta
Jakarta
to BSD City. Demographics[edit]

A traditional Cina Benteng
Cina Benteng
wedding ceremony.

See also: Benteng Chinese Tangerang
Tangerang
has a significant community of Chinese Indonesians, many of whom are of Cina Benteng
Cina Benteng
extraction. They are part of the country's Peranakan Chinese
Peranakan Chinese
community, but with deep, centuries-old roots in the historic Tangerang
Tangerang
area, also called 'Benteng' locally. Most of the old settlements in Tangerang
Tangerang
have colonial, Chinese districts, such as at Sewan, Pasar Lama, Pasar Baru, Benteng Makasar, Kapling and Karawaci Lama (the precursor to Lippo Karawaci). One can find any food and all things Chinese there.[3] In addition, a large proportion of Benteng Chinese
Benteng Chinese
have traditionally been rural dwellers, engaged in agricultural activities, such as farming and livestock production.[4] Due to the growth of satellite towns in the greater Jakarta
Jakarta
region, which includes Tangerang, the area is now home to many new migrants from all parts of Indonesia.[5] History[edit]

Map of Tangerang's fort dated 1709

Indonesian Revolution[edit] In October 1945, Laskar Hitam, a Muslim militia, was established in Tangerang. The goal of this movement was to establish an Islamic nation in Indonesia. This movement later became a part of DI/TII rebel group. On October 31, 1945, Laskar Hitam kidnapped Otto Iskandardinata, Republic of Indonesia's Minister of State. He was presumed to have been murdered at Mauk beach, Tangerang
Tangerang
on December 20, 1945.[citation needed] Recent history[edit] Tangerang
Tangerang
city was formed as an autonomous city on 27 February 1993 out of the Tangerang
Tangerang
Regency. The city was previously an administrative city in that regency. In August 1996, Walmart, the largest retail group in USA, opened its first branch in Lippo Karawaci, Tangerang. The branch was ransacked and burned down during the Indonesian riots of May 1998.[citation needed] Walmart discontinued their investment in Indonesia
Indonesia
after the riot.[citation needed] Situ Gintung
Situ Gintung
Flood[edit] Main article: Situ Gintung Tangerang
Tangerang
District is the location of the Situ Gintung
Situ Gintung
reservoir built by the Dutch colonial authorities in 1933. It was surrounded by a dam up to 16 metres (52 ft) high, which failed on 27 March 2009 with the resulting floods killing at least 93 people.[6] Attractions[edit] Boen Tek Bio[edit] Boen Tek Bio is the oldest Chinese temple, or klenteng, in Tangerang
Tangerang
- with a history going back to 1684.[7] The Benteng Heritage Museum[edit] Next to Boen Tek Bio is the Benteng Heritage Museum, a historic townhouse that was restored and repurposed as a museum by a Benteng Chinese businessman Udaya Halim. It was opened on a specifically chosen auspicious date: November 11, 2011 or 11/11/11.[8] The museum displays Benteng Chinese
Benteng Chinese
artefacts and other cultural objects related to the history of Tangerang's Chinese community.[9] Administration[edit] The city of Tangerang
Tangerang
is divided into 13 districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their 2010 Census population.

Name Population Census 2010

Ciledug 147,023

Larangan 163,901

Karang Tengah (Central Karang) 118,473

Cipondoh 216,346

Pinang 160,206

Tangerang 126,244

Karawaci 171,317

Jati Uwung 120,216

Cibodas 142,479

Periuk 129,384

Batuceper 90,590

Neglasari 103,504

Benda 83,017

Politics[edit] By 2007 the city government passed an anti-prostitution law which meant that women who are perceived to be dressed too provocatively may be arrested. Some news outlets reported that some women decided to wear jilbab (hijab) to avoid being prosecuted under this law. In addition the city government began requiring municipal employees to abide by Islamic dress codes.[10] South Tangerang[edit] Main article: South Tangerang South Tangerang
South Tangerang
( Tangerang
Tangerang
Selatan) is a city which, like Tangerang city, is administratively separate from Tangerang
Tangerang
Regency. It is subdivided into seven districts — Serpong, Serpong Utara (North Serpong), Ciputat, Ciputat Timur (East Ciputat), Pondok Aren, Pamulang, and Setu. Located on the southwest of Jakarta, it has an area of 147.19 square kilometres and a population of 1,303,569 at the 2010 Census.[11] Education[edit] See also: List of universities in Tangerang

Universitas Multimedia Nusantara

Tangerang
Tangerang
provides educational facilities from kindergarten to college. BSD City
City
is the pioneer of Tangerang's first education centre called EduTown which now consists of two universities. In addition to government schools, there are many private schools and colleges. Among these are Sekolah Santa Ursula BSD,[12] Santa Laurensia School,[13] BPK Penabur Gading Serpong,[14] and IPEKA Plus BSD Christian School. Tangerang
Tangerang
houses the following international primary and secondary schools

Jakarta
Jakarta
Nanyang School German International School
School
Jakarta Sinarmas World Academy, BSD City Pelita Harapan School Stella Maris International School

The following are in South Tangerang:

Jakarta
Jakarta
Japanese School, Bintaro British School
School
Jakarta, Bintaro Global Jaya International School, Bintaro

It houses the following colleges and universities:

International University Liaison Indonesia Pelita Harapan University Multimedia Nusantara University STIM Prima Graha BINUS University Alam Sutera
Alam Sutera
Campus Swiss German University Universitas Pembangunan Jaya, Bintaro Bina Nusantara School, BSD Prasetiya Mulya Business School Muhammadiyah University Tangerang

Economy[edit] Tangerang's economy depends highly on service sectors, trading, financial service, and industrial. Jatake, which is Tangerang's biggest industrial area, is home to over 1,000 industrial corporations. As the impact of Jakarta's growing economy, Tangerang
Tangerang
has become an alternative for some corporations to build their offices here due to crowds and land prices. Jl. Pahlawan Seribu and Jl. Kapten Soebianto Djojohadjikusumo which are in BSD City
City
are the central business district for Tangerang
Tangerang
city and South Tangerang. Hundreds of shophouses and several important branch office and headquarters are here. Shopping[edit]

AEON Mall in Bumi Serpong Damai

A mall at Alam Sutera

IKEA
IKEA
in Alam Sutera

Tangerang
Tangerang
is the home for shopping in Banten
Banten
area. Numerous shopping centres and markets are available here. The largest shopping mall in Tangerang
Tangerang
and Banten
Banten
is Supermall Karawaci in Lippo Village which provides H&M, Debenhams, and more. The most popular is AEON Mall BSD City
City
which opened in May 2015 as the first AEON mall in Indonesia; it has an AEON Store and high-street brands such as H&M and Uniqlo. Mall @ Alam Sutera
Alam Sutera
is a upper-middle class shopping mall consisting of high-street brands such as Cotton On, New Look, Dorothy Perkins and Sogo
Sogo
department store along with TheFoodhall Supermarket (part of PT. Panen Lestari Internusa). Other popular destinations are Summarecon Mall Serpong, The Breeze BSD City
City
(open-air mall), Living World Alam Sutera, Tang City
City
Mall, TerasKota, Ikea, The Hu6 (Balekota), WTC Matahari, BSD Plaza, ITC BSD, Bintaro Plaza. Transportation[edit]

The main road in Alam Sutera

Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, Terminal 1

There are two highway connections from Jakarta. First, the Jakarta–Merak highway, which has three exits points to Tangerang city. Second, Bumi Serpong Damai– Jakarta
Jakarta
Outer Ringroad highway provides direct toll access from Tangerang, Jakarta, Bekasi, and Bogor. The feeder buses of Transjakarta
Transjakarta
serves commuters from Bumi Serpong Damai and Bintaro Jaya. KRL Jabotabek
KRL Jabotabek
serves from Tangerang
Tangerang
and Serpong to Jakarta
Jakarta
Kota. For the Indonesian A1 Grand Prix
A1 Grand Prix
in November 2008, the government developed Lippo Karawaci circuit. There are several taxi companies operating in the city, such as the express taxi, blue bird, and the local operator Arimbi. Soekarno-Hatta International Airport
Soekarno-Hatta International Airport
is the main hub for air transport in Jakarta
Jakarta
Metropolitan Area as well as Tangerang. Air-conditioned public bus shuttle is available from the airport to destinations in Jakarta. This is operated by DAMRI, a state-owned company. There are private shuttle bus services from Jakarta
Jakarta
to private residential area such as Lippo Karawaci and Citra Raya. There are 17 intersections prone to traffic congestion with the obsolete Multi Program Eight Phase System. By 2012, Tangerang
Tangerang
will have a new technology, called the Intelligent Transport System (ITS), that uses a closed-circuit camera that responds to traffic conditions at any given intersection and could reduce the rate of congestion by 30 percent.[15] Twin towns – sister cities[edit] Tangerang
Tangerang
is twinned with:

Gatineau, Quebec, Canada Mississauga, Ontario, Canada Arlington County, Virginia, United States Putrajaya, Malaysia Jerudong, Brunei

Picture gallery[edit]

Cisadane River
Cisadane River
floodgates, 1915-1925.

Times Cisadane seen from above, 1920-1922.

Car on the way to Tangerang, West Java, 1920-1922.

The people who worked at the company Petitjean bamboo Tangerang, date unknown.

References[edit]

^ a b http://www.depkes.go.id/downloads/Penduduk%20Kab%20Kota%20Umur%20Tunggal%202014.pdf Estimasi Penduduk Menurut Umur Tunggal Dan Jenis Kelamin 2014 Kementerian Kesehatan ^ Statistic by Region Archived 2009-09-25 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Setiono, Benny G. (2008). Tionghoa Dalam Pusaran Politik (in Indonesian). TransMedia. ISBN 9789797990527. Retrieved 8 March 2018.  ^ Lestari, Sri (16 February 2018). "Ketika warga miskin 'Cina Benteng' merayakan Imlek". BBC Indonesia. Retrieved 8 March 2018.  ^ Singh, R. B. (2014). Urban Development Challenges, Risks and Resilience in Asian Mega Cities. Springer. ISBN 9784431550433. Retrieved 8 March 2018.  ^ "Evakuasi Hari Ini Dihentikan, Jumlah Korban 93 Orang". Republika (in Indonesian). 28 March 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-28.  ^ User, Super. " Boen Tek Bio - SEJARAH". www.boentekbio.org. Retrieved 8 March 2018.  ^ 'An encounter with history,' The Jakarta
Jakarta
Post. ^ Mutia Nugraheni (February 11, 2015). "Mengenal Museum Peranakan Tionghoa Satu-satunya di Indonesia".  ^ Warburton, Eve (January–March 2007). "No longer a choice" (89 ed.). Inside Indonesia. Retrieved 2017-06-20.  ^ http://www.korantempo.com/korantempo/koran/2008/11/04/Metro/krn.20081104.146872.id.html. Retrieved February 17, 2009.  Missing or empty title= (help)[dead link] ^ "Santa Ursula BSD".  ^ "Santa Laurensia".  ^ SMA Penabur Archived 2011-07-21 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Post, The Jakarta. " Tangerang
Tangerang
goes hi-tech in traffic". 

External links[edit]

Indonesia
Indonesia
portal

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Tangerang.

(in Indonesian) Official website (in Indonesian) portal from tangsel (in Indonesian) TokoBanten.com - Portal
Portal
Buy and Sell in Indonesian Regional Tangerang An encounter with history in Tangerang

v t e

Subdistricts of Tangerang
Tangerang
City

Batuceper Benda Cibodas Ciledug Cipondoh Jatiuwung Karangtengah Karawaci Larangan Neglasari Periuk Pinang Tangerang

v t e

Regencies and cities of Banten

Capital: Serang

Regencies

Lebak Pandeglang Serang Tangerang

Cities

Cilegon Serang Tangerang South Tangerang

See also: List of regencies and cities of Indonesia

v t e

Indonesian cities with a 200,000+ population

2,000,000 and more

Jakarta Surabaya Bekasi Bandung Medan

1,000,000-1,999,999

Semarang Palembang Makassar Tangerang Batam Depok South Tangerang Pekanbaru Bogor Bandar Lampung Padang

400,000-999,999

Malang Denpasar Samarinda Tasikmalaya Banjarmasin Serang Balikpapan Pontianak Cimahi Jambi Surakarta Manado Mataram

200,000-399,999

Yogyakarta Cilegon Palu Kupang Ambon Bengkulu Sukabumi Cirebon Kendari Pekalongan Kediri Jayapura Dumai Binjai Tegal Pematang Siantar Purwokerto Banda Aceh Palangka Raya Probolinggo Lubuklinggau Singkawang

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 1595448

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