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Tan Dun
Tan Dun
(simplified Chinese: 谭盾; traditional Chinese: 譚盾; pinyin: Tán Dùn, Mandarin pronunciation: [tʰǎn tu̯ə̂n]; born 18 August 1957) is a Chinese contemporary classical composer and conductor, most widely known for his scores for the movies Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon and Hero, as well as composing music for the medal ceremonies at the 2008 Beijing
Beijing
Olympics. His works often incorporate audiovisual elements; use instruments constructed from organic materials, such as paper, water, and stone; and are often inspired by traditional Chinese theatrical and ritual performance. In 2013, he was named a UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador.[1] He has won numerous awards for his works, including an Academy Award, a Grammy Award and a BAFTA award.

Contents

1 Biography 2 Career and works

2.1 Opera 2.2 Film and multimedia 2.3 Orchestral Theatre series 2.4 Organic music 2.5 Symphonies, concertos, and chamber works 2.6 Theatre-inspired works

3 Awards 4 Discography

4.1 CD 4.2 DVD

5 List of works by genre

5.1 Opera 5.2 Symphonic works and concertos 5.3 Chamber and solo music 5.4 Organic music 5.5 Music ritual 5.6 Oratorio 5.7 Movies scores 5.8 Multimedia

6 See also 7 References

7.1 Notes 7.2 Sources

8 External links

Biography[edit] Tan Dun
Tan Dun
was born in a village in Changsha
Changsha
in the Hunan
Hunan
province of China. As a child, he was fascinated by the rituals and ceremonies of the village shaman, which were typically set to music made with natural objects such as rocks and water.[2] Due to the bans enacted during the Cultural Revolution, he was discouraged from pursuing music and was sent to work as a rice planter on the Huangjin commune. He joined an ensemble of other commune residents and learned to play traditional Chinese string instruments. Following a ferry accident that resulted in the death of several members of a Peking opera troupe, Tan Dun
Tan Dun
was called upon as a violist and arranger. This initial success earned him a seat in the orchestra, and from there he went to study at the Central Conservatory of Music
Central Conservatory of Music
in Beijing
Beijing
in 1977.[3] While at the Conservatory, Tan Dun
Tan Dun
came into contact with composers such as Toru Takemitsu, George Crumb, Alexander Goehr, Hans Werner Henze, Isang Yun, and Chou Wen-Chung, all of whom influenced his sense of musical style. In 1986, he moved to New York City
New York City
as a doctoral student at Columbia University, once again studying with Chou Wen-Chung, who had studied under Edgard Varèse. At Columbia, Tan Dun
Tan Dun
discovered the music of composers such as Philip Glass, John Cage, Meredith Monk, and Steve Reich, and began incorporating these influences into his compositions. He completed his dissertation, Death and Fire: Dialogue with Paul Klee, in 1993.[4] Inspired by a visit to the Museum of Modern Art, Death and Fire is a short symphony that engages with the paintings of Paul Klee.[5] On June 15, 2016, he created the Grand Opening Theme Song of Shanghai Disney Resort. Career and works[edit] Opera[edit] During his time at Columbia University, Tan Dun
Tan Dun
created his first opera, a setting of nature poems by Qu Yuan
Qu Yuan
called Nine Songs (1989). The poems are sung in both Classical Chinese
Classical Chinese
and contemporary English alongside a small ensemble of Western and Chinese instruments. Among these are a specially built set of 50 ceramic percussion, string, and wind instruments, designed in collaboration with potter Ragnar Naess.[6] To emphasize the shamanistic nature of Qu Yuan's poetry, the actors dance and move in a ritualized manner.[7] Tan Dun's second work in the genre, Marco Polo
Marco Polo
(1996), set to a libretto by Paul Griffiths, is an opera within an opera. It begins with the spiritual journey of two characters, Marco and Polo, and their encounters with various historic figures of literature and music, including Dante Alighieri, William Shakespeare, Scheherazade, Sigmund Freud, John Cage, Gustav Mahler, Li Po, and Kublai Khan. These sections are presented in an abstract, Peking opera
Peking opera
style. Interwoven with these sections are the travels of the real-life Marco Polo, presented in a Western operatic style.[8] Though the score calls for traditional Western orchestral instrumentation, additional instruments are used to indicate the location of the characters, including recorder, rebec, sitar, tabla, singing bowls, Tibetan horn, sheng, and pipa.[9] The opera won the Grawemeyer Award for Music Composition in 1998.[10] That same year, Tan Dun
Tan Dun
premiered his next opera, an adaptation of Tang Xianzu's 1598 Kunqu
Kunqu
opera The Peony Pavilion. Directed by Peter Sellars in its original production, Tan Dun's The Peony Pavilion
The Peony Pavilion
is performed entirely in English, though one of the characters must be trained in Peking or Kunqu
Kunqu
style. The small ensemble of six musicians performs electronics and Chinese instruments onstage with the actors. Stylistically, the music is a blend of Western avant-garde and Chinese opera.[11] At this point in his career, Tan Dun
Tan Dun
had created many works for "organic instruments," i.e. instruments constructed from materials such as paper, water, ceramic, and stone. For his fourth opera, Tea: A Mirror of Soul (2002), co-authored by librettist Xu Ying, organic instruments factor prominently into the structure of the opera itself. The title of each act corresponds to the materials of the instruments being used, as well as the opera's plot. The first act, entitled "Water, Fire", opens with a tea ceremony onstage while percussionists manipulate glass bowls of water. The second act, "Paper", features music on rice paper drums and depicts the characters' search for The Classic of Tea, the first book to codify tea production and preparation in China. The third and final act, "Ceramic, Stones", depicts the death of the protagonist's love. Percussionists play on pitched flowerpots, referred to as "Ceramic chimes" in the score.[12][13] Tan Dun's most recent opera, The First Emperor (2006), was commissioned by the Metropolitan Opera
Metropolitan Opera
with the title role created for Plácido Domingo. Co-authored by Tan Dun
Tan Dun
and Chinese novelist Ha Jin, the opera focuses on the unification of China under Qin Shi Huang, first emperor of the Qin Dynasty, and his relationship with the musician Gao Jianli. Like Tan Dun's previous operas, The First Emperor calls for Chinese instruments in addition to a full orchestra, including guzheng and bianzhong. The original Met production was directed by Zhang Yimou, with whom Tan Dun
Tan Dun
had collaborated on the film Hero.[14] Film and multimedia[edit] Tan Dun
Tan Dun
earned more widespread attention after composing the score for Ang Lee's Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
(2000), for which he won an Academy Award, a Grammy Award, and a BAFTA Award.[15][16][17] Other film credits include the aforementioned Hero (Zhang Yimou, 2002), Gregory Hoblit's Fallen (1998), and Feng Xiaogang's The Banquet (2006). Following the composition of the film score for Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon, Tan Dun
Tan Dun
rearranged the music to create the Crouching Tiger Concerto for cello, video, and chamber orchestra. Containing edited footage from the film, this work reverses the role of music in film by treating video as secondary.[18] This same technique was later applied to his film scores for Hero and The Banquet, resulting in the larger work known as the Martial Arts Cycle.[19] In 2002, Tan Dun
Tan Dun
continued experimenting with application of video in music The Map, also for cello, video, and orchestra. The Map features documentary footage depicting the lives of China's Tujia, Miao, and Dong ethnic minorities.[20] The musicians onstage, including the cello soloist, interact with the musicians onscreen—a duet of live and recorded performance.[21] The work was premiered and commissioned by the Boston Symphony Orchestra
Boston Symphony Orchestra
with Yo-Yo Ma.[22] Tan Dun's most recent multimedia work, Nu Shu: The Secret Songs of Women (2013), is a 13-movement work for video, solo harp, and orchestra. Following years of ethnomusicological research in Hunan, the work captures the sounds of Nüshu script, a phonetic writing system devised by women speakers of the Shaozhou Tuhua dialect who had been disallowed from receiving formal education. Considered a dying language, Tan Dun's research resulted in a series of short films of women singing songs written in Nüshu, which are presented alongside the orchestral performance. As with The Map, the songs in the video are used in counterpoint to the live music.[23] Orchestral Theatre series[edit] In the 1990s, Tan Dun
Tan Dun
began working on a series of orchestral pieces that would analyze the relationship between performer and audience by synthesizing Western classical music and Chinese ritual. According to the composer,

If we look at the idea of 'art music' with its firm separation of performer and audience, we see that its history is comparatively short. Yet the history of music as an integral part of spiritual life, as ritual, as partnership in enjoyment and spirit, is as old as humanity itself.[24]

In the first piece of the series, Orchestral Theatre I: O (1990), members of the orchestra make various vocalizations—chanting nonsense syllables, for instance—while playing their instruments using atypical techniques. For examples, the harp is played as a gushing, and the violins are played as percussion instruments.[25] Orchestral Theatre II: Re (1992) expands the concept of ritual by involving the audience. The orchestra is split, with the strings, brass, and percussion onstage, while the woodwinds surround the audience. The score also calls for two conductors, with one facing the stage, and the other facing the audience. The latter conductor cues the audience to hum along with the orchestra in certain sections of the music. The work's namesake derives from humming the solfège pitch "re".[24] The third piece in the series, Red Forecast (Orchestral Theatre III) (1996), involves more staging elements than its predecessors, adding television monitors, lighting, and even stage directions for the musicians. In this multimedia work, the orchestra is led by both a human conductor and a virtual conductor who appears on the monitors. While the human conductor leads, the monitors depict a variety of images from the 1960s and the Cold War: a collage of Mao Zedong, the Cultural Revolution, Martin Luther King, Jr., John F. Kennedy, The Beatles, Nikita Khrushchev, and hydrogen bomb testing. In addition to the video, an audio recording of a weather forecast is played.[26][27] The final piece in the series, The Gate (Orchestral Theatre IV) (1999), focuses on three women of literary fame: Yu from Farewell My Concubine, Juliet
Juliet
from Romeo and Juliet, and Koharu from The Love Suicides at Amijima. Based on the theme of sacrifice for love, The Gate is structured as a theme and variations. The style of each section corresponds to its respective character's country of origin. Additionally, Yu is played by a Peking opera
Peking opera
singer, Juliet
Juliet
by a Western opera soprano, and Koharu by a Japanese puppeteer. As in Orchestra Theatre II: Re, the orchestra is distributed onstage and amongst the audience. The Gate also incorporates video, but unlike the prerecorded images used in Red Forecast, a projection screen displays live images of the three actress-soloists, manipulated in real time by a video artist.[28][29] Organic music[edit] Many of Tan Dun's works call for instruments made of materials such as paper, stone, or water, but the compositions that he classifies as "organic music" feature these instruments most prominently. The first major work for organic instruments was his Water Concerto for Water Percussion and Orchestra (1998), dedicated to Toru Takemitsu. According to the composer, the sounds made by the soloist are inspired by the sounds of everyday life growing up in Hunan.[30] Basins are filled with water, and the contents are manipulated with bowls, bottles, hands, and other devices. Other water instruments used include the waterphone. Various means of amplification are used, including contact microphones on the basins.[31] The techniques devised in the Water Concerto were used again in Tan Dun's Water Passion After St. Matthew (2000). Written to commemorate the 250th anniversary of the death of Johann Sebastian Bach, the work for chorus, orchestra, and water percussion follows the Gospel of Matthew, beginning with Christ's baptism. The chorus doubles on tingsha, and the soprano and bass soloists double on xun. The score also requires Mongolian overtone singing from the soloists. As with Orchestral Theatre I: O, members of the orchestra play their instruments with techniques borrowed from non-Western traditions.[32][33] Tan Dun's next major organic work, Paper Concerto for Paper Percussion and Orchestra (2003), explores the acoustic range of paper. Instruments constructed from differing thicknesses of paper are used as cymbals, drums, or reeds. Additionally, sheets of paper are shaken or struck. These sounds are amplified primarily through wireless microphones worn by the musicians.[34] This work was commissioned by the Los Angeles Philharmonic
Los Angeles Philharmonic
for the opening of the Walt Disney Concert Hall.[35] Earth Concerto for stone and ceramic percussion and orchestra (2009) draws from Gustav Mahler's Das Lied von der Erde
Das Lied von der Erde
(The Song of the Earth), which in turn draws from the poetry of Li Po. Ceramic instruments include percussion instruments similar to those Tan Dun had used in previous works, as well as wind instruments and xun.[36] Symphonies, concertos, and chamber works[edit] In the mid-1990s, Tan Dun
Tan Dun
began working on another series of orchestral works known as the Yi series, named for the I Ching
I Ching
(Yi Jing in pinyin). Each numbered work in the series builds upon the original, Yi°: Concerto for Orchestra (published 2002), by adding a solo instrument. The first concerto in the series, Yi1: Intercourse of Fire and Water (1994), was written for and premiered by cellist Anssi Karttunen.[37] The second work, Yi2: Concerto for Guitar and Orchestra (1996), combines flamenco and pipa techniques and was premiered by Sharon Isbin.[38] Originally titled Secret Land, Tan Dun
Tan Dun
wrote a concerto for twelve solo cellos and orchestra called Four Secret Road of Marco Polo (2004). Commissioned and premiered by the Berlin Philharmonic, the work is a musical exploration of the Silk Road. To achieve these sounds, the cello soloists employ sitar and pipa techniques.[39][40] Tan Dun
Tan Dun
wrote a concerto for Lang Lang
Lang Lang
titled Piano Concerto: "The Fire" (2008), a commission by the New York Philharmonic.[41] The concerto is reportedly inspired by the composer's love for martial arts, and the soloist is instructed to play certain passages of the music with fists and forearms. Other more tranquil sections evoke ancient Chinese instruments such as the guqin.[42] In 2008, Tan Dun
Tan Dun
was commissioned by Google
Google
and YouTube
YouTube
to write an inaugural symphony for the YouTube
YouTube
Symphony Orchestra (YTSO) project. The resultant work, Internet Symphony No. 1 "Eroica", was recorded by the London Symphony Orchestra
London Symphony Orchestra
and uploaded to YouTube
YouTube
in November 2008, thus beginning the open call for video audition submissions. Voted on by members of the YouTube
YouTube
community as well as professional musicians, the YTSO was assembled of 96 musicians from over 30 countries. In April 2009, a mashup video of the submissions was premiered at Carnegie Hall, followed by a live performance of the work.[43] Theatre-inspired works[edit] Though not explicitly opera, many of Tan Dun's works borrow operatic elements, in terms of both melody and staging. For example, his violin concerto, Out of Peking Opera (1987, revised 1994), quotes jinghu fiddling music often heard in Peking opera.[44] Additionally, Ghost Opera (1994), for pipa and string quartet, includes minimal sets and lighting. Originally composed on commission for Kronos Quartet
Kronos Quartet
and Wu Man, Ghost Opera has been performed globally and recorded by Kronos for Nonesuch Records.[45] Awards[edit]

Academy Award, Best Original Score, Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon[15] Grammy Award, Best Soundtrack, Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon[16] BAFTA Award for Best Film Music, Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon[17] Grawemeyer Award, Music Composition, Marco Polo[10] Musical America Composer
Composer
of the Year, 2003[46] Shostakovich Award, 2012[47] Bach Prize, 2011[48] Musikpreis der Stadt Duisburg, 2005[49] The Eugene McDermott Award in the Arts, 1994[50] The Glenn Gould Protégé prize, 1996 [51]

Discography[edit] CD[edit]

Year Title Other Artists Label

1990 Nine Songs: Ritual Opera Crossings Ensemble and Chorus Composers Recordings, Inc. (CRI)

1993 Snow in June Ed Spanjaard, Arditti Quartet, Nieuw Ensemble, Talujon Percussion Quartet, Susan Botti, Paul Guergerian, Keri-Lynn Wilson, Gillian Benet, Anssi Karttunen CRI

1994 On Taoism / Orchestral Theatre I / Death and Fire — Dialogue with Paul Klee BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra Koch Schwann

1996 Chinese Traditional and Contemporary Music Wu Man
Wu Man
& Ensemble Nimbus Records

1997 Ghost Opera Kronos Quartet, Wu Man, George Crumb Nonesuch Records

1997 Heaven Earth Mankind: Symphony 1997 Yo-Yo Ma Sony Classical Records

1997 Marco Polo: An Opera in an Opera Netherlands Radio Kamerorkest, Cappella Amsterdam Sony Classical Records

1999 Bitter Love (selections from Peony Pavilion) Ying Huang Sony Classical Records

1999 2000 Today: A World Symphony for the New Millenium BBC Concert Orchestra Sony Classical Records

2000 Under the Silver Moon Susan Glaser, Emily Mitchell, Matthew Gold, Stephanie Griffin Koch International Classics

2001 Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon Shanghai Symphony Orchestra, Shanghai National Orchestra, Shanghai Percussion Ensemble, Yo-Yo Ma, Coco Lee Sony Classical Records

2001 Rouse: Concert de Gaudi / Tan Dun: Concerto for Guitar and Orchestra Sharon Isbin, Muhai Tang, Gulbenkian Orchestra Teldec

2002 Out of Peking Opera / Death and Fire / Orchestra Theatre II: Re Cho-Liang Lin, Muhai Tang, Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra Ondine

2002 Water Passion After St. Matthew Maya Beiser, Mark O'Connor, Elizabeth Keusch, Stephen Bryant, RIAS Kammerchor Sony Classical Records

2004 Hero (soundtrack) Kodo, You Yan, Liu Li, Itzhak Perlman Sony Classical Records

2004 Lang Lang: Live at Carnegie Hall (includes Tan Dun's Eight Memories in Watercolor) Lang Lang Deutsche Grammophon

2006 Majestic Charm Singapore Chinese Orchestra  

2006 The Banquet (soundtrack)    

2008 Sticks and Stones: Music for Percussion and Strings (features Tan Dun's Snow in June) Marjorie Bagley, Roger Braun, Michael Carrera, Kristin Agee, Seth Haines, Joseph van Hassel, Steven Huang Equilibrium

2008 Tan Dun: Pipa
Pipa
Concerto / Hayashi: Viola Concerto / Takemitsu: Nostalghia Roman Balashov, Wu Man, Yuri Bashmet, Moscow Soloists Onyx Classics

2011 Bach to Tan Dun
Tan Dun
(includes Tan Dun's Eight Memories in Watercolor) Beijing
Beijing
Guitar Duo ( Su Meng & Wang Yameng) Tonar Music

2011 Martial Arts Trilogy Yo-Yo Ma, Lang Lang, Itzhak Perlman Sony Classical Records

2012 Concerto for Orchestra Hong Kong Philharmonic Orchestra Naxos Records

2015 The Tears of Nature Martin Grubinger ---

DVD[edit]

Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
(2001) Hero (2004) Lang Lang: Live at Carnegie Hall (2004) The Map (2004) Tea: A Mirror of Soul (2005) The Banquet (2006) The First Emperor: Metropolitan Opera
Metropolitan Opera
(2008) Marco Polo
Marco Polo
(2009) Paper Concerto: Royal Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra (2009) Water Concerto: Royal Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra (2009)

List of works by genre[edit] Some of the generic classifications included below are Tan Dun's own concepts, including "organic music" and "music ritual." "Organic music" refers to musical works performed on non-traditional instruments, typically involving organic materials such as paper, water, or stone. "Music ritual" refers to works derived from Chinese spiritual traditions. Opera[edit]

Marco Polo
Marco Polo
(1995) Peony Pavilion (1998) Tea: A Mirror of Soul (2002) The First Emperor (2006) Peony Pavilion (2010)

Symphonic works and concertos[edit]

Self Portrait, from "Death and Fire" (1983) On Taoism (1985) Out of Peking Opera (1987) Death and Fire: Dialogue with Paul Klee
Paul Klee
(1992) Concerto for Pizzicato Piano and Ten Instruments (1995) Heaven Earth Mankind: Symphony 1997 (1997) Overture: Dragon and Phoenix, from Heaven Earth Mankind (1997) Requiem and Lullaby, from Heaven Earth Mankind (1997) Song of Peace, from Heaven Earth Mankind (1997) Yi1: Intercourse of Fire and Water (1994) Yi2: Concerto for Guitar and Orchestra (1996) 2000 Today: A World Symphony for the Millennium (1999) Concerto for String Orchestra and Pipa
Pipa
(1999) Concerto for String Orchestra and Zheng (1999) Yi°: Concerto for Orchestra (2002) Four Secret Roads of Marco Polo
Marco Polo
(2004) Piano Concerto: "The Fire" (2008) Internet Symphony (2009) Symphony for Strings (2009) Symphonic Poem on 3 Notes (2011) Atonal Rock n' Roll (2012) Concerto for Orchestra (2012) Percussion Concerto: "The Tears of Nature" (2012) Double Bass Concerto: "Wolf Totem" (2015) [52] Passacaglia: Secret of Wind and Birds (2015) [53]

Chamber and solo music[edit]

Eight Memories in Watercolor, for piano (1978, 2002)

"Eight Memories in Watercolor played by Cheng Wai
Cheng Wai
is even better than what I have composed."

Eight Colors for String Quartet (1986) In Distance (1987) Silk Road, for soprano, voice, and percussion (1989) Traces, for piano (1989, 1992) Elegy: Snow in June, for cello and percussion (1991) Circle with Four Trios, Conductor and Audience (1992) Lament: Autumn Wind (1993) C A G E, for solo piano (1994) A Sinking Love, for soprano and 4 violas da gamba (1995) Concerto for Six (1997) Concerto for String Quartet and Pipa
Pipa
(1999) Dew Drop Falls, for solo piano (2000) Seven Desires for Guitar (2002) Secret Land, for 12 cellos (2006) Violin Concerto: The Love (2009) Chiacone—after Colombi, for solo cello (2010)

Organic music[edit]

Water Concerto for water percussion and orchestra (1998) Paper Concerto for paper percussion and orchestra (2003) Water Music (2004) Earth Concerto for stone and ceramic percussion with orchestra (2009)

Music ritual[edit]

Nine Songs (1989) Orchestral Theatre I: O (1990) Orchestral Theatre II: Re (1992) Ghost Opera Red Forecast (Orchestra Theatre III) (1996) The Gate (Orchestral Theatre IV) (1999) Buddha Passion (2006)

Oratorio[edit]

Water Passion (2000)

Movies scores[edit]

Don't Cry, Nanking (1995) Fallen (1998) Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
(2000) Hero (2002) The Banquet (2010)

Multimedia[edit]

Crouching Tiger Concerto, for cello and chamber orchestra (2000) The Map: Concerto for Cello, Video and Orchestra (2002) Hero Concerto (2010) The Banquet (2010) Martial Arts Cycle (2013) Nu Shu: The Secret Songs of Women (2013)

See also[edit]

The Peony Pavilion
The Peony Pavilion
(opera) Piano Concerto (Tan Dun)

References[edit] Notes[edit]

^ UNESCO. "Tan Dun." Accessed November 1, 2013. http://www.unesco.org/new/en/unesco/about-us/who-we-are/goodwill-ambassadors/tan-dun/. ^ Frank J. Oteri. "Tradition and Innovation: The Alchemy of Tan Dun." Tan Dun
Tan Dun
Online, October 15, 2007. Accessed November 1, 2013. http://www.tandunonline.com/mystory. ^ Central Conservatory of Music. "CCOM Celebrates Its 70th Founding Anniversary." November 11, 2010. Accessed November 1, 2013. http://en.ccom.edu.cn/wn/events/2010f/201209030013.shtml. ^ The Department of Music at Columbia University. "Dun, Tan." Accessed November 1, 2013. http://music.columbia.edu/people/bios/tdun. ^ Music Sales Group. "Death and Fire: Dialogue with Paul Klee
Paul Klee
(1992)." Accessed November 1, 2013. http://www.schirmer.com/composer/work/1561/33554 ^ Nicole V. Gagné, Historical Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Classical Music (Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, Inc., 2012), 139. ^ Music Sales Group. "Nine Songs (1989)." Accessed November 1, 2013. http://www.schirmer.com/composer/work/1561/33568. ^ Music Sales Group. " Marco Polo
Marco Polo
(1995)." Accessed November 1, 2013. http://www.schirmer.com/composer/work/1561/33573. ^ Tan Dun, Marco Polo
Marco Polo
(New York: G. Schirmer, Inc., 1995). ^ a b The Grawemeyer Awards. "Previous Winners." Accessed November 1, 2013. http://grawemeyer.org/music/previous-winners/. ^ Music Sales Group. "Peony Pavilion (1998)." Accessed November 1, 2013. http://www.schirmer.com/composer/work/1561/33582. ^ Music Sales Group. "Tea: A Mirror of Soul (2002)." Accessed November 1, 2013. http://www.schirmer.com/composer/work/1561/33592. ^ Tan Dun, Tea: A Mirror of Soul (New York: G. Schirmer, Inc., 2002). ^ Music Sales Group. " The First Emperor (2006)." Accessed November 1, 2013. http://www.schirmer.com/composer/work/1561/35240. ^ a b The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. "The Official Academy Awards® Database." Accessed November 1, 2013. http://awardsdatabase.oscars.org. ^ a b The Recording Academy. "Past Winners Search." Accessed November 1, 2013. http://www.grammy.com/nominees/search. ^ a b "Film: Anthony Asquith Award for Original Film Music in 2001." British Academy of Film and Television Arts. Retrieved September 5, 2016. ^ Music Sales Group. "Crouching Tiger Concerto (2000)." Accessed November 1, 2013. http://www.schirmer.com/composer/work/1561/33553. ^ Music Sales Group. "Martial Arts Cycle." Accessed November 1, 2013. http://www.schirmer.com/composer/work/1561/46821. ^ Janet E. Bedell, "The Map: Concerto for Violoncello, Orchestra and Video." Boston Symphony Orchestra, 2007. Accessed November 1, 2013. http://www.bsomusic.org/res/multimedia/101207TanDunTheMap.pdf. ^ Music Sales Group. "The Map: Concerto for Cello, Video and Orchestra (2002)." Accessed November 1, 2013. http://www.schirmer.com/composer/work/1561/33565. ^ Boston Symphony Orchestra. "World Premieres: The New Millennium." Accessed November 1, 2013. http://www.bso.org/brands/bso/about-us/historyarchives/archival-collection/world-premieres-at-the-bso/world-premieres-the-new-millennium.aspx. ^ The Philadelphia Orchestra. "Yannick Nézet-Séguin and The Philadelphia Orchestra Present Philadelphia Commissions Micro-Festival." August 27, 2013. Accessed November 1, 2013. http://www.philorch.org/press-room/news/yannick-n%C3%A9zet-s%C3%A9guin-and-philadelphia-orchestra-present-philadelphia-commissions. ^ a b Music Sales Group. "Orchestral Theatre II: Re (1992)." Accessed November 1, 2013. http://www.schirmer.com/composer/work/1561/33578. ^ Music Sales Group. "Orchestral Theatre (1990)." Accessed November 1, 2013. http://www.schirmer.com/composer/work/1561/33571. ^ Music Sales Group. "Red Forecast (Orchestral Theatre III) (1996)." Accessed November 1, 2013. http://www.schirmer.com/composer/work/1561/33583. ^ Tan Dun, Red Forecast (Orchestral Theatre III) (New York: G. Schirmer, Inc., 1996). ^ Music Sales Group. "The Gate (Orchestral Theatre IV) (1999)." Accessed November 1, 2013. http://www.schirmer.com/composer/work/1561/33559. ^ Tan Dun, The Gate (Orchestral Theatre IV) (New York: G. Schirmer, Inc., 1999). ^ Tan Dun, Royal Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra & Elmquist, Helen, Water Concerto, DVD. ^ Tan Dun, Water Concerto for Water Percussion and Orchestra (New York: G. Schirmer, Inc., 1998). ^ Music Sales Group. "Water Passion After St. Matthew (2000)." Accessed November 1, 2013. http://www.schirmer.com/composer/work/1561/33598. ^ Tan Dun, Water Passion After St. Matthew (New York: G. Schirmer, Inc., 2000). ^ Tan Dun, Paper Concerto for Paper Percussion and Orchestra (New York: G. Schirmer, Inc., 2003). ^ Los Angeles Philharmonic. " Los Angeles Philharmonic
Los Angeles Philharmonic
Welcomes More Than 3,000 Local School Children to First Preview of New Walt Disney Concert Hall." October 20, 2003. Accessed November 1, 2013. http://www.laphil.com/press/los-angeles-philharmonic-welcomes-more-3000-local-school-children-first-preview-of-new-walt. ^ Music Sales Group. "Earth Concerto for stone and ceramic percussion with orchestra (2009)." Accessed November 1, 2013. http://www.schirmer.com/composer/work/1561/37675. ^ Anssi Karttunen. "Repertoire for cello and orchestra." Accessed November 1, 2013. http://www.karttunen.org/repertoire2.html. ^ Sharon Isbin. "Orchestral Repertoire." Accessed November 1, 2013. http://www.sharonisbin.com/repertoire.html. ^ Music Sales Group. "Four Secret Roads of Marco Polo
Marco Polo
(2004)." Accessed November 1, 2013. http://www.schirmer.com/composer/work/1561/33580. ^ Die 12 Cellisten der Berliner Philharmoniker. "Repertoire: Compositions." Accessed November 1, 2013. http://www.die12cellisten.de/en/repertoire/compositions. ^ Music Sales Group. "Piano Concerto: The Fire (2008)." Accessed November 1, 2013. http://www.schirmer.com/composer/work/1561/36247. ^ Anthony Tommasini, " Composer
Composer
as Celebrity, Musician as Martial Artist," New York Times, April 11, 2008, accessed November 1, 2013, https://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/11/arts/music/11nyph.html. ^ YouTube. " YouTube
YouTube
Symphony Orchestra." Accessed November 1, 2013. https://www.youtube.com/user/symphony/. ^ Music Sales Group. "Out of Peking Opera (1994)." Accessed November 1, 2013. http://www.schirmer.com/composer/work/1561/33572. ^ Music Sales Group. "Ghost Opera (1994)." Accessed November 1, 2013. http://www.schirmer.com/composer/work/1561/33560. ^ Columbia Artists Management Inc. "CAMI Joins Musical America in Saluting Deborah Voigt, Vocalist of the Year and Tan Dun, Composer
Composer
of the Year." December 10, 2002. Accessed November 1, 2013. http://www.cami.com/?topic=press&prsid=24. ^ Pavel Chusovitin, " Tan Dun
Tan Dun
Was Awarded the Shostakovich Prize," Yuri Bashmet, accessed November 1, 2013, http://bashmet.com/tan-dun-was-awarded-the-shostakovich-prize-photos/?lang=en ^ Kulturpreise. "Bach Preis der Freien und Hansestadt Hamburg." Accessed November 1, 2013. http://www.kulturpreise.de/web/preise_info.php?cPath=8&preisd_id=1677&kpsid=cffee19d20137019698ad8224ac41f15. ^ Köhler-Osbahr-Stiftung. "Der Musikpreis der Stadt Duisburg." Accessed November 1, 2013. http://www.koehler-osbahr-stiftung.de/musik/musikpreis.htm. ^ Massachusetts Institute of Technology. "The Eugene McDermott Award in the Arts." Accessed November 1, 2013. http://arts.mit.edu/mcdermott/past-recipients/. ^ Glenn Gould Protégé prize recipients, http://www.glenngould.ca/protege-prize/ ^ Patternroot. "Wolf Totem, Concerto for Double Bass, Dominic Seldis" Last Accessed Dec 29, 2014 http://patternroot.com/bass-recitals-concerts/wolf-totem-concert-double-bass-dominic-seldis/ '^ Review: National Youth Orchestra Impresses With ‘Symphonie Fantastique’ at Carnegie Hall, written by Anthony Tommasini. The New York Times, 12 July 2015.

Sources[edit]

Music Sales Group, "Tan Dun" http://www.musicsalesclassical.com/composer/works/1561

External links[edit]

Official website Tan Dun
Tan Dun
on IMDb

External media

Images

Photograph of Tan Dun

Audio

Art of the States: Tan Dun
Tan Dun
Nine Songs (a ritual opera after Qu Yuan) (1989)

Minnesota Public Radio — Tan Dun
Tan Dun
interview (RealAudio)

Video

Video of discussion with Tan Dun
Tan Dun
on China's art Asia Society, New York, November 2, 2009

Tan Dun
Tan Dun
talks about his first experience with western Classical music and the importance of Chinese identity

v t e

Academy Award for Best Original Score

1930s

Louis Silvers
Louis Silvers
(1934) Max Steiner
Max Steiner
(1935) Leo F. Forbstein
Leo F. Forbstein
(1936) Charles Previn
Charles Previn
(1937) Erich Wolfgang Korngold/Alfred Newman (1938) Herbert Stothart/Richard Hageman, W. Franke Harling, John Leipold, Leo Shuken (1939)

1940s

Leigh Harline, Paul J. Smith, Ned Washington/Alfred Newman (1940) Bernard Herrmann/ Frank Churchill and Oliver Wallace (1941) Max Steiner/ Ray Heindorf and Heinz Roemheld (1942) Alfred Newman/ Ray Heindorf (1943) Max Steiner/ Morris Stoloff and Carmen Dragon
Carmen Dragon
(1944) Miklós Rózsa/ Georgie Stoll (1945) Hugo Friedhofer/ Morris Stoloff (1946) Miklós Rózsa/Alfred Newman (1947) Brian Easdale/ Johnny Green
Johnny Green
and Roger Edens (1948) Aaron Copland/ Roger Edens and Lennie Hayton (1949)

1950s

Franz Waxman/ Adolph Deutsch and Roger Edens (1950) Franz Waxman/ Johnny Green
Johnny Green
and Saul Chaplin (1951) Dimitri Tiomkin/Alfred Newman (1952) Bronisław Kaper/Alfred Newman (1953) Dimitri Tiomkin/ Adolph Deutsch and Saul Chaplin (1954) Alfred Newman/Robert Russell Bennett, Jay Blackton and Adolph Deutsch (1955) Victor Young/Alfred Newman and Ken Darby (1956) Malcolm Arnold (1957) Dimitri Tiomkin/Andre Previn (1958) Miklós Rózsa/Andre Previn and Ken Darby (1959)

1960s

Ernest Gold/ Morris Stoloff and Harry Sukman (1960) Henry Mancini/Saul Chaplin, Johnny Green, Sid Ramin and Irwin Kostal (1961) Maurice Jarre/ Ray Heindorf (1962) John Addison/Andre Previn (1963) Richard M. Sherman
Richard M. Sherman
and Robert B. Sherman/Andre Previn (1964) Maurice Jarre/ Irwin Kostal (1965) John Barry/ Ken Thorne (1966) Elmer Bernstein/Alfred Newman and Ken Darby (1967) John Barry/ Johnny Green
Johnny Green
(1968) Burt Bacharach/ Lennie Hayton and Lionel Newman (1969)

1970s

Francis Lai/ The Beatles
The Beatles
(John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr) (1970) Michel Legrand/ John Williams
John Williams
(1971) Charlie Chaplin, Raymond Rasch and Larry Russell/ Ralph Burns
Ralph Burns
(1972) Marvin Hamlisch/ Marvin Hamlisch
Marvin Hamlisch
(1973) Nino Rota
Nino Rota
and Carmine Coppola/ Nelson Riddle
Nelson Riddle
(1974) John Williams/ Leonard Rosenman
Leonard Rosenman
(1975) Jerry Goldsmith/ Leonard Rosenman
Leonard Rosenman
(1976) John Williams/ Jonathan Tunick (1977) Giorgio Moroder/ Joe Renzetti (1978) Georges Delerue/ Ralph Burns
Ralph Burns
(1979)

1980s

Michael Gore (1980) Vangelis
Vangelis
(1981) John Williams/ Henry Mancini
Henry Mancini
and Leslie Bricusse (1982) Bill Conti/Michel Legrand, Alan and Marilyn Bergman (1983) Maurice Jarre/Prince (1984) John Barry (1985) Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
(1986) Ryuichi Sakamoto, David Byrne
David Byrne
and Cong Su (1987) Dave Grusin
Dave Grusin
(1988) Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1989)

1990s

John Barry (1990) Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1991) Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1992) John Williams
John Williams
(1993) Hans Zimmer
Hans Zimmer
(1994) Luis Enríquez Bacalov/ Alan Menken
Alan Menken
and Stephen Schwartz (1995) Gabriel Yared/ Rachel Portman (1996) James Horner/ Anne Dudley
Anne Dudley
(1997) Nicola Piovani/ Stephen Warbeck (1998) John Corigliano (1999)

2000s

Tan Dun
Tan Dun
(2000) Howard Shore
Howard Shore
(2001) Elliot Goldenthal
Elliot Goldenthal
(2002) Howard Shore
Howard Shore
(2003) Jan A. P. Kaczmarek
Jan A. P. Kaczmarek
(2004) Gustavo Santaolalla
Gustavo Santaolalla
(2005) Gustavo Santaolalla
Gustavo Santaolalla
(2006) Dario Marianelli (2007) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(2008) Michael Giacchino
Michael Giacchino
(2009)

2010s

Trent Reznor
Trent Reznor
and Atticus Ross
Atticus Ross
(2010) Ludovic Bource
Ludovic Bource
(2011) Mychael Danna (2012) Steven Price (2013) Alexandre Desplat
Alexandre Desplat
(2014) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(2015) Justin Hurwitz
Justin Hurwitz
(2016) Alexandre Desplat
Alexandre Desplat
(2017)

v t e

BAFTA Award for Best Film Music

John Barry (1968) Mikis Theodorakis
Mikis Theodorakis
(1969) Burt Bacharach
Burt Bacharach
(1970) Michel Legrand (1971) Nino Rota
Nino Rota
(1972) Alan Price (1973) Richard Rodney Bennett (1974) John Williams
John Williams
(1975) Bernard Herrmann
Bernard Herrmann
(1976) John Addison (1977) John Williams
John Williams
(1978) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(1979) John Williams
John Williams
(1980) Carl Davis
Carl Davis
(1981) John Williams
John Williams
(1982) Ryuichi Sakamoto
Ryuichi Sakamoto
(1983) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(1984) Maurice Jarre
Maurice Jarre
(1985) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(1986) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(1987) John Williams
John Williams
(1988) Maurice Jarre
Maurice Jarre
(1989) Andrea and Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(1990) Jean-Claude Petit (1991) David Hirschfelder (1992) John Williams
John Williams
(1993) Don Was
Don Was
(1994) Luis Bacalov
Luis Bacalov
(1995) Gabriel Yared (1996) Nellee Hooper (1997) David Hirschfelder (1998) Thomas Newman
Thomas Newman
(1999) Tan Dun
Tan Dun
(2000) Craig Armstrong and Marius de Vries (2001) Philip Glass
Philip Glass
(2002) T Bone Burnett
T Bone Burnett
and Gabriel Yared (2003) Gustavo Santaolalla
Gustavo Santaolalla
(2004) John Williams
John Williams
(2005) Gustavo Santaolalla
Gustavo Santaolalla
(2006) Christopher Gunning
Christopher Gunning
(2007) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(2008) Michael Giacchino
Michael Giacchino
(2009) Alexandre Desplat
Alexandre Desplat
(2010) Ludovic Bource
Ludovic Bource
(2011) Thomas Newman
Thomas Newman
(2012) Steven Price (2013) Alexandre Desplat
Alexandre Desplat
(2014) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(2015) Justin Hurwitz
Justin Hurwitz
(2016) Alexandre Desplat
Alexandre Desplat
(2017)

v t e

Georges Delerue Award

Daniel Schmid (BMD) (1985) Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
(BUEM) (1985) Ry Cooder
Ry Cooder
(BOM) (1986) Pirjo Honkasalo
Pirjo Honkasalo
and Pekka Lehto (BAM) (1986) Benoît Lamy
Benoît Lamy
(1987) Astor Piazzolla
Astor Piazzolla
(1988) Tôru Takemitsu
Tôru Takemitsu
(1989) Michael Haneke
Michael Haneke
(BUMF) (1989) Michael Kamen
Michael Kamen
(1990) Rachid Bouchareb
Rachid Bouchareb
(1991) David Robbins (1992) Hou Hsiao-hsien
Hou Hsiao-hsien
(1993) Frédéric Devreese (1994) Tôn-Thất Tiết (1995) Bruno Coulais
Bruno Coulais
(1996) Vangelis
Vangelis
(1997) Simon Fisher Turner (1998) Rachel Portman (1999) Tan Dun
Tan Dun
(2000) Vladimír Godár (2001) Howard Shore
Howard Shore
(2002) Zygmunt Konieczny
Zygmunt Konieczny
(2003) Miguel Miranda and José Tobar (2004) Stephen Warbeck (2005) Tony Gatlif
Tony Gatlif
and Delphine Mantoulet (2006) Benny Andersson
Benny Andersson
(2007) Tolib Shakhidi
Tolib Shakhidi
(2008) Nathan Larson
Nathan Larson
(2009) Hong-jip Kim (2010) Evgueni and Sacha Galperine (2011) Olivier Assayas
Olivier Assayas
(2012) Lim Giong
Lim Giong
(2013) Boris Debackere (2014) Johnnie Burn (2015) Johnny Jewel (2016)

v t e

Grawemeyer Award for Music Composition laureates

Witold Lutosławski
Witold Lutosławski
(1985) György Ligeti
György Ligeti
(1986) Harrison Birtwistle
Harrison Birtwistle
(1987) Chinary Ung (1989) Joan Tower (1990) John Corigliano (1991) Krzysztof Penderecki
Krzysztof Penderecki
(1992) Karel Husa (1993) Tōru Takemitsu
Tōru Takemitsu
(1994) John Adams (1995) Ivan Tcherepnin (1996) Simon Bainbridge (1997) Tan Dun
Tan Dun
(1998) Thomas Adès
Thomas Adès
(2000) Pierre Boulez
Pierre Boulez
(2001) Aaron Jay Kernis (2002) Kaija Saariaho
Kaija Saariaho
(2003) Unsuk Chin (2004) George Tsontakis (2005) György Kurtág
György Kurtág
(2006) Sebastian Currier (2007) Peter Lieberson (2008) Brett Dean (2009) York Höller (2010) Louis Andriessen
Louis Andriessen
(2011) Esa-Pekka Salonen
Esa-Pekka Salonen
(2012) Michel van der Aa (2013) Đuro Živković (2014) Hans Abrahamsen (2016) Andrew Norman (2017) Bent Sørensen (2018)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 85313333 LCCN: nr91003625 ISNI: 0000 0001 1450 4267 GND: 121880648 SUDOC: 139261281 BNF: cb14002908f (data) BIBSYS: 3115038 MusicBrainz: 0a94a7ff-f7f4-4b07-8a3b-c3daa4ce2fb8 NDL: 01161857 BNE: XX1413797 SN

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