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Tamil television soap opera or Tamil serials (Tamil: தமிழ் நெடுந்தொடர்கள்) are a popular genre of Tamil language
Tamil language
television[1]. All major TV networks in India[2] produce a variety of drama series including family[3], comedy, romance, history stories, horror, Devotional, Fantasy[4] stories and many others. Tamil serial started to broadcast television series in the 1990s[5]. Today's format of 100–500 episodes started in the 2000s. The television series industry has played a pivotal role in increasing Tamil popularity in India, Sri Lanka, Singapore
Singapore
and Malaysia. They are also broadcast in other parts of Asia, Africa, Europe, Australia
Australia
and North America. They are usually shown Day Time on Tamil television channels and start at 11:00 to 15:00, Early Fringe start at 18:00 to 19:59 and every night at primetime start at 20:00 to 23:00[6]. A series will run for about three or four years. It may air five or six episodes a week, the pattern usually being Monday through Friday or Monday through Saturday. A Most channel will air five to sixteen soap operas simultaneously at any given time.[7][better source needed] Because they attract the most viewers, each channel competes for the most popular stars.

Contents

1 Format

1.1 Singapore
Singapore
and Malaysia 1.2 Contemporary series

2 Music 3 Production 4 International broadcasts

4.1 Kerala 4.2 Telangana 4.3 Karnataka 4.4 North India
India
(Maharashtra) 4.5 Sri Lanka 4.6 Singapore
Singapore
& Malaysia 4.7 Other countries

5 Running time 6 List of longest-running Tamil Language
Tamil Language
television series 7 Notes 8 See also 9 References

Format[edit] Tamil television serials are usually helmed by one director,one written by one screenwriter, thus having a distinct directing style and language, unlike American television series, where often several directors and writers work together.[8] Series are likely to have only one season, with 1–500 or 1-1000 episodes. Mini series may be longer, with 100 to 200 episodes, but they also run for only one season. The broadcast time for flagship dramas is 11:00-15:00 to 17:30-23:00, with episodes on Five to Six consecutive nights:Monday–Friday or Monday–Saturday and weekends. Different dramas appear on each of the nationwide networks, Sun TV[9], STAR Vijay[10], Kalaignar TV, Zee Tamizh, Jaya TV, Raj TV, Polimer TV, Puthuyugam TV, Vendhar TV, Mega TV, Makkal TV, DD Podhigai, Shakthi TV, Vasantham TV, MediaCorp Vasantham, Astro Vaanavil, TV2 and Deepam TV. The 11:00-15:00 to 17:30-23:00 time slot is usually for daily dramas that run from Monday through Friday or Monday through Saturday. Dramas in these slots are in the telenovella format, rarely running over 500 episodes. Singapore
Singapore
and Malaysia[edit] The broadcast time for flagship dramas is 22:00 to 23:00, with episodes on Four consecutive nights: Mondays to Thursday, Friday, and weekends. Different dramas appear on each of the nationwide networks, MediaCorp Vasantham, Astro Vaanavil and Astro Vinmeen HD. Series are likely to have one to three season, with 1–80 episodes. Mini series may be longer, with 1 to 16 episodes, they also run for one to three season. Some popular contemporary dramas include: Vettai, Nijangal, Vettai : Pledged to Hunt, Sundharam Kudumpathinar, Annamalai, Ragasiyam, Vetri. Contemporary series[edit] Main article: List of Tamil soap operas Series set in contemporary times usually run for one season, for 100-1000 episodes of 22 minutes. They are often centered on a Family story, with Love ties and relationships being in the focus. Characters are mostly idealised, with Tamil Female protagonists described as women, ethics and social issues in rural areas. The daily dramas are also usually set in contemporary times, describing a family conflict or family relationships, centered on Tamil women, who sacrifice themselves for family happiness. Some popular contemporary dramas include: Shakthi, Chiti[11], Anandham, Kalki, Kasalavu Nesam, Annamalai[12], Metti Oli, Thangam, Thirumathi Selvam, Kolangal, Azhagi, Thendral, Kana Kaanum Kaalangal, Office, Madhurai, Marmadesam and Kadhalikka Neramillai. Music[edit]

See also: Music of Tamil Nadu

Theme music and background music sets the overall tone of the Tamil series. Most Series will start off with one or two and three minutes of opening theme music during the opening credits. Other series will have at the very least a catchy melody in the beginning, displaying the drama's name that lasts a few seconds, and then one to two minutes of ending theme BGM music during the closing credits. Background music is placed and used at strategic points of the episode in order to set the mood of that particular show. Original soundtracks (OSTs) are made specifically for each series and play an important role in Tamil dramas (mostly in Singapore
Singapore
and Malaysia). They are generally recorded by professional playback singers and tend to enhance the reputation and popularity of dramas. OSTs help to heighten a situation, accentuate a mood, provide relief, or serve as background to an interior monologue. Production[edit] They are often mass-produced under large production banners, with companies like AVM Productions, Saregama, Radaan Mediaworks, Vikatan Televistas and Balaji Telefilms running different language versions of the same serial on different television networks or channels. International broadcasts[edit] Tamil TV soap operas are popular overseas in countries such as India, Sri Lanka, Singapore
Singapore
and Malaysia. They are also broadcast in other parts of Asia, Africa, Europe
Europe
and North America. The popularity of Tamil TV soap operas in India, European and the US markets is on the rise. Tamil serial also Dubbed in Malayalam, Telugu language, Sinhalese language, English language
English language
and most serial airs with English, Sinhalese and Malay subtitle. Kerala[edit] In India
India
state of Kerala, Tamil Series are popular and broadcast at prime time, Kolangal and Anandham were aired on Surya TV. Some Tamil Series have also been remade into Malayalam
Malayalam
versions such as Parvathi in 2002 which was a remake of the popular Serial Chithi and Nilavilakku a remake of Thirumathi Selvam. Surya TV
Surya TV
and Asianet Plus are examples of Malayalam
Malayalam
television networks that airs Tamil Series. Telangana[edit] In India
India
state of Telangana, Tamil Series have gained popularity and the popular Tamil Series, Chithi, Kolangal, Anandham, Selvi, Arasi, Annamalai, Vasantham, Surya, Pasam, Chellamay, Kalyanam and Lakshmi were aired on Gemini TV, RVS TV, Zee Telugu
Zee Telugu
and Vanitha TV. Some Tamil Series have also been remade into Telugu language
Telugu language
versions such as Devatha which was a remake of the popular Serial Thirumathi Selvam, Aparanji a remake of Thangam, Sravani Subramanyam a remake of Thendral and Jabilamma a remake of Deivamagal. Karnataka[edit] Tamil Series have also been remade into Kannada
Kannada
versions such as Rangoli was a remake of the popular Serial Kolangal, Chikamma a remake of Chithi, Bangara a remake of Thangam, Thangaali a remake of Thendral, Mangalya a remake of Metti Oli
Metti Oli
and Chandra Chakori a remake of Deivamagal. The Udaya TV air Tamil Series remade in the Kannada language. North India
India
(Maharashtra)[edit] Tamil Series have also been remade into Hindi
Hindi
versions such as choti maa broadcast on Zee TV
Zee TV
was a remake of the popular Serial Chithi, Pavitra Rishta
Pavitra Rishta
broadcast on Zee TV
Zee TV
a remake of Thirumathi Selvam, Shubh Vivah
Shubh Vivah
broadcast on Sony tv
Sony tv
a remake of Metti Oli
Metti Oli
and Dil Se Diya Vachan broadcast on Zee TV
Zee TV
a remake of Idhayam. Sri Lanka[edit]

See also: Television in Sri Lanka

In Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
Tamil Channel airs Tamil Series, and also Dubbed and subtitle in the Sinhalese language. The first Tamil Language
Tamil Language
Serial to be Dubbed in Sinhalese language
Sinhalese language
was Chithi. Tamil television Series is extremely popular in Sri Lanka, ratings going higher than the traditional List of Tamil Nadu TV series that Sri Lankan watched. Most Tamil Serial airs Tamil Language
Tamil Language
with Sinhalese subtitle. Among the most popular series are Chithi, Annamalai, Selvi, Arasi, Kolangal, Anjali, Kalasam, Metti Oli, Lakshmi, Idhayam, Thirumathi Selvam, Thendral
Thendral
and Kana Kaanum Kaalangal. Singapore
Singapore
& Malaysia[edit] In Singapore
Singapore
and Malaysia
Malaysia
Tamil Channel airs Tamil Series and subtitle in the English language. Among the most popular series are Vettai, Nijangal, Ennuyire, Annamalai, Annamalai (season 3), Ragasiyam and Neeya. Other countries[edit] Tamil Series and television shows are also popular among the Tamil diaspora. Tamil television shows are aired on certain cable television channels in various countries such as the Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, the Philippines, the Middle East, North Africa, Réunion, South Africa, Mauritius, Seychelles, Fiji, Guyana, Burma, Trinidad and Tobago, the French West Indies, Europe, Australia, Canada
Canada
and the United States. Running time[edit] An episode of a popular Tamil television drama from the 2010s is usually between 30 and 60 minutes in length (excluding advertisements), which is much longer than a typical episode of an Indian or Western European series. List of longest-running Tamil Language
Tamil Language
television series[edit] This is a list of the longest-running Tamil Language
Tamil Language
television series, ordered by number of years the show has been aired. This list includes only programs aired five to ten years and above.

Series shaded in light blue are currently in production.

Title First broadcast Last broadcast Episodes Network(s)

சரவணன் மீனாட்சி 3 Saravanan Meenatchi (season 3) 7 November 2011 (2011-11-07)

1,686 Vijay TV

வாணி ராணி Vani Rani 21 January 2013 (2013-01-21)

1533 Sun TV

கோலங்கள் Kolangal 29 May 2003 (2003-05-29) 4 December 2009 (2009-12-04) 1533 Sun TV

கஸ்தூரி Kasthuri 21 August 2006 (2006-08-21) 31 August 2012 (2012-08-31) 1532 Sun TV

வள்ளி Valli 17 December 2012 (2012-12-17)

1522 Sun TV

தெய்வமகள் Deivamagal 25 March 2013 (2013-03-25) 17 February 2018 (2018-02-17) 1466 Sun TV

திருமதி செல்வம் Thirumathi Selvam 5 November 2007 (2007-11-05) 22 March 2013 (2013-03-22) 1360 Sun TV

நாதஸ்வரம் Nadhaswaram 19 April 2010 (2010-04-19) 9 May 2015 (2015-05-09) 1356 Sun TV

வம்சம் Vamsam 10 June 2013 (2013-06-10) 18 November 2017 (2017-11-18) 1338 Sun TV

முந்தானை முடிச்சு Mundhanai Mudichu 26 April 2010 (2010-04-26) 4 April 2015 (2015-04-04) 1325 Sun TV

Notes[edit]

3D

Mayavi: It was the first Indian & Asian 3D series.[13]

Guinness World Records

Nadhaswaram: This serial on 5 March 2014 achieved the feat of being the First Indian soap opera and Tamil television soap opera to be aired live. This was done to commemorate the Soap opera's 1000th Episode on 5 March 2014. By airing a 23-minutes 25seconds long live telecast in a single shot, the soap opera has earned a place in the Guinness World Records.[14][15][16][17]

Popularity

Marmadesam: It was an extremely successful tele-serial. It was ranked first in viewership among the television programmes telecast from Chennai
Chennai
in 1997.[18] Chithi: It holds the credit of most watched regional Language television program in India
India
ever.[19]

See also[edit]

List of Tamil-language television channels Lists of Tamil-language media in Malaysia Television in Sri Lanka List of Tamil soap operas List of Tamil soap operas present airing List of longest-running Tamil Language
Tamil Language
television series List of Tamil-language films

Channels:

List of TV shows aired on Sun TV (India) List of programs broadcast by Star Vijay TV List of programs broadcast by Kalaignar TV List of programs broadcast by Puthuyugam TV List of programs broadcast by Raj TV List of serials aired on Polimer TV List of programs broadcast by Shakthi TV

References[edit]

^ "Lit of Tamil language
Tamil language
Channels". livetvchannelsfree.com.  ^ "Why is the Tamil serial so gender-insensitive?". www.thehindu.com.  ^ "Shreekumar Tamil TV Actor". www.onenov.in.  ^ "Neeli Fantasy Tamil Serial on Vijay TV". timesofindia.indiatimes.com.  ^ "1990s Serials நாகாவின் மர்மதேசம், பாலச்சந்தரின் பிரேமி" (in Tamil). tamil.filmibeat.com.  ^ "Sun TV Schedule". timesofindia.indiatimes.com.  ^ "List of TV shows aired on Sun TV (India)". en.wikipedia.org.  ^ Chosun Ilbo 2007. ^ "Sun TV". economictimes.indiatimes.com.  ^ "Vijay TV". www.hotstar.com.  ^ "Chithi serial happened, probably in the early 1990s". www.thehindu.com.  ^ "`Annamalai'gains from`Chithi'". www.thehindu.com.  ^ "India's first 3D TV serial, 'Mayavi' debuts on Jaya TV". www.exchange4media.com. Retrieved October 7, 2006.  ^ Naig, Udhav (22 March 2014). "Sounds of celebration". The Hindu. Retrieved 6 April 2015.  ^ "சன் டிவி தொடர் உலக சாதனை". www.dinakaran.com.  ^ "சன் டிவி தொடர் உலக சாதனை". www.visarnews.com.  ^ "Gopi wins Guinness award for best villain". cinema.dinamalar.com (in Tamil).  ^ Amos Owen Thomas (2005). Imagi-nations and borderless television: media, culture and politics across Asia. SAGE. p. 115. ISBN 0761933956, ISBN 978-0-7619-3395-3.  ^ "TAM's top 10 in Cable & Satellite homes". Indiantelevision.com. Archived from the original on 29 June 2011. Retrieved 6 August 2011. 

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