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TAMBACOUNDA is the largest city in eastern Senegal
Senegal
, 400 kilometres (250 mi) southeast of Dakar
Dakar
, and is the regional capital of the province of the same name. Its estimated population in 2007 was 78,800.

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography * 2 Population and culture * 3 Religion * 4 Transport hub * 5 Agriculture * 6 History * 7 Administration * 8 Sites of interest * 9 Sister cities * 10 See also * 11 References

* 12 External links

* 12.1 Bibliography

GEOGRAPHY

Tambacounda
Tambacounda
is situated on the sparsely populated sahélien plains of eastern Senegal. Like most of West Africa, the area has two seasons, the rainy season from June to October, characterized by heat, humidity and storms, and the dry season from November to May.

Nearby towns include Madina Maboule, Koukari, Yoro Sankoule, Sambadian, Djidje Kounda, Afia Seno, Saare Boylii and Kanderi Niana.

POPULATION AND CULTURE

Between the censuses of 1988 and 2002, Tambacounda
Tambacounda
grew from 41,885 to 67,543 inhabitants.

In 2007, according to official estimates, the population reached 78,800 persons.

Settled first by Mandike peoples on the outskirts of the Mali
Mali
Empire , on the regular transhumance routes of Fula cattle herders, and settled again by Wolof farmers in the early 20th century, Tambacounda has a mix of most of the ethnic groups in Senegal
Senegal
.

The Tambacounda
Tambacounda
region is famous for its rich djembe and dance culture and heritage. Some of the greatest djembe masters from Segu, Mali
Mali
came to Tambacounda
Tambacounda
in the mid 1900s, bringing with them their history, knowledge, and secrets of the djembe. Among the famous musicians from Tambacounda
Tambacounda
is drummer Abdoulaye Diakite .

RELIGION

As with most of Senegal, the population is overwhelmingly Muslim , with much of the Wolof population in the region tracing their roots to Mouride
Mouride
sufi adherents who were given wild grassland by the brotherhood to clear and settle at the beginning of the 20th century. There is a Roman Catholic Diocese of Tambacounda , but only 1.8% of the population of the region is Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
.

TRANSPORT HUB

Train station, 2009

Historically, the city grew from a village along the Dakar
Dakar
– Bamako railway , built in the colonial period, and still used today, however passenger travel itself is limited. A branch line junctioning from this station is proposed to serve Kédougou .

The city lies on the N1 and N7 roads . As a part of the Trans-Sahelian Highway system, these are critical for traffic going between the Kayes Region
Kayes Region
of Mali
Mali
and the coastal regions of Sénégal ( Dakar
Dakar
, Thiès
Thiès
, Saint-Louis ), the most densely populated parts of both these nations. This east–west travel intersects with Senegal's most important route from Dakar
Dakar
to the Casamance
Casamance
region, which is cut off by Gambia
Gambia
. Slow river ferries, border posts, and corrupt border guards mean that many Senegalese are willing to travel far out of their way to avoid the international border. In 2002 the MV Joola ferry from Dakar
Dakar
to Ziguinchor
Ziguinchor
sank, but since then a new ferry has replaced it and the water route to Ziguinchor
Ziguinchor
has reopened. The road through Tambacounda
Tambacounda
is the only internal route between the two parts of the country, however it is also possible to travel through the Gambia
Gambia
.

The town also has an airport, Tambacounda Airport , serviced by national and international flights. A farm near Tambacounda.

AGRICULTURE

Tambacounda
Tambacounda
is also a center for agricultural processing, with millet, sorgum, maize and cotton grown in the dry plains of the region. Sodefitex operates a large cotton processing plant in the town.

HISTORY

Tambacounda
Tambacounda
was a Mandinka town and trade center at the beginning of French colonialisation. With the railway came more intensive cultivation of grains and cotton by Wolof peoples seeking arable land. French colonialists made the town a major transport center, and a number of buildings, including the rail station retain the colonial flavor.

ADMINISTRATION

Tambacounda
Tambacounda
is the capital of Tambacounda Department (which includes three administrative regions) and the large Tambacounda Region
Tambacounda Region
.

Souty Touré, the current mayor, was formerly a government minister under Abdou Diouf
Abdou Diouf
, and was the founder of the Parti socialiste authentique (PSA) political party. The PSA has only one seat in the legislature, and Tambacounda
Tambacounda
is its political base.

SITES OF INTEREST

Niokolo-Koba National Park
Niokolo-Koba National Park

The Niokolo-Koba National Park
Niokolo-Koba National Park
lies just to the south of the town, and is famed for its wildlife.

In 2003, the iron-framed rail station, the Hôtel de la Gare, and the colonial Préfecture building were placed on Senegal's list of Monuments historiques.

SISTER CITIES

* Bondy
Bondy
in France
France
. * La Roche sur Yon in France
France
(local development project)

SEE ALSO

* Transport in Senegal
Senegal

REFERENCES

* Translation of fr: Tambacounda
Tambacounda
(January 2008).

* ^ Arrêté du 27 mars 2003

EXTERNAL