A talk show or chat show is a television programming or radio
programming genre in which one person (or group of people) discusses
various topics put forth by a talk show host.
Usually, guests consist of a group of people who are learned or who
have great experience in relation to whatever issue is being discussed
on the show for that episode. Other times, a single guest discusses
their work or area of expertise with a host or co-hosts. A call-in
show takes live phone calls from callers listening at home, in their
cars, etc. Sometimes, guests are already seated but are often
introduced and enter from backstage. There have been many notable talk
show hosts; in many cases, the shows have made their hosts famous.
Talk shows around the world
4 See also
6 Further reading
There are several major formats of talk shows. Generally, each
subgenre predominates during a specific programming block during the
Breakfast chat or early morning shows that generally alternate between
news summaries, political coverage, feature stories, celebrity
interviews, and musical performances.
Late morning chat shows that feature two or more hosts or a celebrity
panel, and focus on entertainment and lifestyle features.
Daytime tabloid talk shows , generally featuring a host, a guest or a
panel of guests, and a live audience that interacts extensively with
the host and guests. These shows may feature celebrities, political
commentators, or "ordinary" people who present unusual or
"Lifestyle" or self-help programs, which generally feature a host or
hosts who are medical practitioners, therapists, or counselors, and
guests who seek intervention, describe medical or psychological
problems, or offer advice.
Evening panel discussion shows which focus on news, politics, or
Late-night talk shows that feature celebrity guests who talk about
their work and personal lives as well as their latest films, TV shows,
music recordings, or other projects they'd like to promote to the
public. The hosts are often comedians who open the shows with comedy
Sunday morning talk shows are a staple of network programming in North
America. These shows feature elected political figures and candidates
for office, commentators, and journalists.
Aftershows which feature in-depth discussion about a program on the
same network that aired just before (for example, Talking Dead).
Spoof talk shows, such as Space Ghost Coast to Coast, Tim and Eric
Nite Live, Comedy Bang! Bang!, and The Eric Andre Show, where the
interviews are mostly scripted, and shown in a humourous and satirical
way, or the show engages in subverting the norms of the format.
These formats are not absolute. Syndicated "daytime" shows may appear
overnight in some markets, and some afternoon programs have similar
structures to late night talk shows.
These formats may vary across different countries or markets. Late
night talk shows are especially significant in the United States.
Breakfast television is a staple of British television. The daytime
talk format has become popular in
Latin America as well as the United
Howard Stern also hosted a talk show that was
syndicated nationally in the USA, then moved to satellite radio's
Sirius. The tabloid talk show genre, pioneered by Phil Donahue but
popularized by Oprah Winfrey was extremely popular during the last
two decades of the 20th century.
Politics are hardly the only subject of American talk shows, however.
Other radio talk show subjects include Car
Talk hosted by
Coast to Coast AM
Coast to Coast AM hosted by
Art Bell and
George Noory which discusses
topics of the paranormal, conspiracy theories, fringe science, and the
just plain weird. Sports talk shows are also very popular ranging from
high-budget shows like
The Best Damn Sports Show Period
The Best Damn Sports Show Period to Max
Kellerman's original public-access television cable TV show Max on
Talk shows had been broadcast on television since the earliest days of
the medium. Joe Franklin, an American radio and television
personality, hosted the first television talk show. The show began in
1951 on WJZ-TV (later WABC-TV) and moved to WOR-TV (later WWOR-TV)
from 1962 to 1993.
The Tonight Show
The Tonight Show is the world's longest-running talk show,
having debuted in 1954, it continues to this day. The show underwent
some minor title changes until settling on its current title in 1962,
and despite a brief foray into a more news-style program in 1957 and
then reverting that same year, it has remained a talk show. Ireland's
The Late Late Show is the second-longest running talk show in
television history, and the longest running talk show in Europe,
having debuted in 1962.
Steve Allen was the first host of The Tonight Show, which began as a
local New York show, being picked up by the
NBC network in 1954. It in
turn had evolved from his late-night radio talk show in Los Angeles.
Allen pioneered the format of late night network TV talk shows,
originating such talk show staples as an opening monologue, celebrity
interviews, audience participation, and comedy bits in which cameras
were taken outside the studio, as well as music, although the series'
popularity was cemented by second host Jack Paar, who took over after
Allen had left and the show had ceased to exist.
Dick Cavett and Jack Paar
TV news pioneer
Edward R. Murrow
Edward R. Murrow hosted a talk show entitled Small
World in the late 1950s and since then, political TV talk shows have
predominantly aired on Sunday mornings.
Syndicated daily talk shows began to gain more popularity during the
mid-1970s and reached their height of popularity with the rise of the
tabloid talk show. Morning talk shows gradually replaced earlier forms
of programming — there were a plethora of morning game shows
during the 1960s and early to mid-1970s, and some stations formerly
showed a morning movie in the time slot that many talk shows now
Current late night talk shows such as
The Tonight Show
The Tonight Show starring Jimmy
The Late Show with Stephen Colbert
The Late Show with Stephen Colbert have aired featuring
celebrity guests and comedy sketches. Syndicated daily talk shows
range from tabloid talk shows, such as Jerry Springer and Maury to
celebrity interview shows like Live! with Kelly and Michael, The
Better Show, The Wendy Williams Show, and Ellen to industry leader The
Oprah Winfrey Show which popularized the former genre and has been
evolving towards the latter. On November 10, 2010, Oprah Winfrey
invited several of the most prominent American talk show hosts - Phil
Donahue, Sally Jessy Raphael, Geraldo Rivera, Ricki Lake, and Montel
Williams - to join her as guests on her show. The 1990s in particular
saw a spike in the number of "tabloid" talk shows, most of which were
short-lived and are now replaced by a more universally appealing
"interview" or "lifestyle TV" format.
Talk shows have more recently started to appear on Internet radio.
Also, several Internet blogs are in talk show format including the
Baugh Experience.
The current world record for the longest talk show is held by Rabi
Nepal by staying on air for 62 hours from April 11 to
13, 2013 breaking the previous record set by two Ukrainians by airing
the show for 52 hours in 2011.
Talk shows around the world
Rabi Lamichhane from
Nepal holds the present world record for longest
ever talk show.
In Japan, panel shows — called "tooku bangumi"
(トーク番組）in Japanese — are very commonplace,
accounting for about 30% of daytime and prime-time programming on the
four main television stations. Due to language and cultural
differences, Japanese TV stations could not freely use syndicated
programs (mostly from Europe and North America) and therefore turned
to panel shows, which could be produced cheaply and easily, to fill
time during daytime programming.
Japanese panel shows are distinct in generally not employing regular
panelists but instead having a panel made up of different freelance
comedians and celebrities each program, although the program is
generally hosted by the same compere.
Talk shows evolved in tandem
Japanese variety show and it is very common for talk shows to
borrow variety elements, typically by having celebrity guests attempt
some kind of amusingly incongruous activity. Often, one of the guests
will be a gaijin tarento (foreign talent) in order to provide comedy
or to comment on matters related to Western culture. Comedic material
is commonly written and rehearsed before tapings with or without a
Korean and Taiwanese talk shows have used the panel format similar to
Japanese programs and rely on famous celebrities and comedic banter
than topics. Their programs often shorten interviews from lengthy
Jô Soares inaugurated the genre with
Jô Soares Onze e
Jô Soares Eleven Thirty") from 1988 to 1999. In 2000, Soares
took his show's format to Rede Globo, where it was then called
Programa do Jô, and hosts the program until the present day. Jô's
main competitors are
Danilo Gentili and Fábio Porchat.
^ Stelter, Brian (September 30, 2010). "Anderson Cooper to Host
Talk Show". NYTimes.com. Retrieved July 3, 2011.
^ Carter, Bill (February 26, 2003). "MS
NBC Cancels the Phil Donahue
Talk Show — New York Times". Nytimes.com. Retrieved July 3,
^ Tannen, Deborah (November 28, 2009). "Op-Ed Contributor —
Donahue Talked, Oprah Listened". NYTimes.com. Retrieved July 3,
^ Carter, Bill (January 5, 1994). "Stern Reportedly Rules Out
Talk Show — New York Times". Nytimes.com.
Retrieved July 3, 2011.
^ Hinckley, David (November 26, 1999). "Joe Franklin: Truth in
Packaging". New York Daily News. Retrieved January 1, 2008.
^ "Donahue, Sally Jessy, Geraldo, Montel, Ricki:
Hosts—Where Are They Now?". Oprah.com. November 10, 2010. Retrieved
July 3, 2011.
^ "Nepali hosts longest-ever talk show". BBC News. April 13,
Niven, David; Lichter, S. R.; Amundson, Daniel (July 2003). "The
Political Content of Late Night Comedy". The Harvard International
Journal of Press/Politics. 8 (3): 118–133.
Priming Effects of Late-Night Comedy
Late-Night Comedy and the Salience of the Candidates' Caricatured
Traits in the 2000 Election
Daytime television in the United States
The Robert Irvine Show
El Gordo y la Flaca
¿Quién Tiene la Razón?
Casos de Família
Today with Kathie Lee and Hoda
Megyn Kelly Today
Daily Blast Live
The Dr. Oz Show
The Ellen DeGeneres Show
The Jerry Springer Show
Live with Kelly and Ryan
Pickler & Ben
The Steve Wilkos Show
The Wendy Williams Show
Larry King Now
Politicking with Larry King
Current late night talk and news satire comedy shows in the United
Jimmy Kimmel Live!
The Late Show with Stephen Colbert
The Late Late Show with James Corden
The Tonight Show
The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon
Late Night with Seth Meyers
Last Call with Carson Daly
Amanpour on PBS
Beyond 100 Days
The Rundown with Robin Thede
Watch What Happens Live with Andy Cohen
The Jim Jefferies Show
The Daily Show
The Daily Show with Trevor Noah
The Opposition with Jordan Klepper
The President Show
The Greg Gutfeld Show
Real Time with Bill Maher
Last Week Tonight with John Oliver
Full Frontal with Samantha Bee
The Chris Gethard Show
I Love You, America with Sarah Silverman