HOME
The Info List - Takhar


--- Advertisement ---



Takhar
Takhar
or Taahkarr (in Serer and Cangin) is a demi-god in the Serer religion worshipped by many Serers (an ethnic group found in Senegal, the Gambia
Gambia
and Mauritania).[1][2] Takhar
Takhar
is the god of justice and vengeance in Serer religion[1][3] and worshipped at the foot of certain trees in the forest deemed to be sacred.[2][4] The Serer priestly class play a crucial role in the evokation of the demi-god and the implementation of its laws that devotees adhere to.[2][4]

Contents

1 Worship

1.1 Place of worship 1.2 Priests of Takhar

2 Patronage 3 References 4 Bibliography

Worship[edit] The Serer people
Serer people
worship Takhar
Takhar
in order to appeal to him against the injuries, oppression or evil magic inflicted by other.[5] Takhar
Takhar
is worshipped at the foot of trees,[2][5] and in the new moon, the atmospheric spirits of the air and night are "conjured with mysterious incarnations".[5] Offerings to Takhar
Takhar
are deposited at the foot of the tallest trees in the forest. Cattle
Cattle
and poultry are sacrificed and taken to the sacred sanctuary, along with millet, fruits and vegetables.[2][5] Like the offerings to certain Pangool (singular :Fangool, the Serer saints and spirits represented by snakes), the holy feast takes place in the sacred forest.[5]

“ The snake also held a high place in the national pantheon, and was often known to appear in various disguises, even "assuming the uniform of an aged officer of the empire" [Second Empire].[5] ”

The transmigration of souls is a strongly held belief in Serer religion as evident in Serer funeral rituals.[5] Place of worship[edit] Further information: Serer creation myth The god Takhar
Takhar
is worshipped in the forests in Serer country, more specifically, in certain sacred places, such as the Sine- Saloum
Saloum
area of present-day Senegal. Somewhat similar to the Pangool, the Serer people believe that both Takhar
Takhar
and his adversary Tiurakh
Tiurakh
(god of wealth[4][6] and property[2]) reside in the tallest trees of the forest.[2][4][6] It is partly for this reason why plants and animals are regarded as totems in the Serer-totemic and sentient worldly-view of nature in general, and afforded high spiritual status and respect, because these ancient trees are believed to be the sanctuaries of certain Serer entities.[6] Priests of Takhar[edit] Main article: Saltigue The high priests of Takhar
Takhar
are usually very old men from notable Serer families. These Serer high priests preside over all cases relating to law and order, i.e. theft, witchcraft, etc.[2] In the past, these high priests (the Saltigues) would concoct doses of poison which they would administer to the accused witch, taken orally. However, these concoctions were deliberately never made fatal enough to cause death.[2] These high priests mostly depended on the fear of Takhar
Takhar
as dispenser of justice and vengeance, than their poisons.[2] Patronage[edit] See also: Lamane, States headed by ancient Serer Lamanes, and Timeline of Serer history As the god of justice, Takhar
Takhar
is the perpetual patron of all those who work within the judiciary and pass judgement on legal issues.[1][2] In Serer ancient history, that role was primarily reserved for the Serer lamanic class.[7]

Serer religion
Serer religion
portal Serer people
Serer people
portal Senegal
Senegal
portal Gambia
Gambia
portal Mauritania
Mauritania
portal Traditional African religion portal Religion portal

References[edit]

^ a b c (in English) Kellog, Day Otis, and Smith, William Robertson, "The Encyclopædia Britannica: latest edition. A dictionary of arts, sciences and general literature", Volume 25, p 664, Werner (1902) ^ a b c d e f g h i j k (in English) "Folk-Lore In The old Testament. Studies In Comparative Religion Legend and Law", Pubslihed by Forgotten Books, pp 317-8, ISBN 1440070156 [1] ^ (in English) Newland, H. Osman; Lewin, Evans, "West Africa: a handbook of practical information for the official, planter, miner, financier & trader", D. O'Connor (1922), p 90 ^ a b c d (in French) Laurent-Jean-Baptiste Bérenger-Féraud, "Les peuplades de la Sénégambie: histoire, ethnographie, mœurs et coutumes, légendes, etc", E. Leroux (1879), p 276-7 ^ a b c d e f g (in English) "Africa", Forgotten Books, p 143, ISBN 1440091307 [2] ^ a b c (in English) Keane, A. H.; Quiggin, A. Hingston; Haddon, A. C., "Man: Past and Present", illustrated, revised, Cambridge University Press (2011), p 49, ISBN 0521234107 [3] ^ (in French) Ngom, Biram, « La question guelwar et la formation du royaume du Sine », [in] Éthiopiques, no 54, nouvelle série, vol. 7, 2e semestre 1991 [4]

Bibliography[edit]

Kellog, Day Otis, and Smith, William Robertson, "The Encyclopædia Britannica: latest edition. A dictionary of arts, sciences and general literature", Volume 25, p 664, Werner (1902) "Folk-Lore In The old Testament. Studies In Comparative Religion Legend and Law", Pubslihed by Forgotten Books, pp 317–8, ISBN 1440070156 [5] Newland, H. Osman; Lewin, Evans, "West Africa : a handbook of practical information for the official, planter, miner, financier & trader", D. O'Connor (1922), p 90 Laurent-Jean-Baptiste Bérenger-Féraud, "Les peuplades de la Sénégambie: histoire, ethnographie, mœurs et coutumes, légendes, etc", E. Leroux (1879), p 276-7 Keane, A. H.; Quiggin, A. Hingston; Haddon, A. C., "Man: Past and Present", illustrated, revised, Cambridge University Press
Cambridge University Press
(2011), p 49, ISBN 0521234107 [6] "Africa", Forgotten Books, p 143, ISBN 1440091307 [7]

v t e

Serer topics

 Peoples

Serer peoples

Laalaa Ndut Niominka Noon Palor Saafi Seex

 Religion

Key topics

Ciiɗ Classical Ndut teachings Creation myth Criticism Festivals Jaaniiw Junjung Lamane Sadax Saltigue Symbolism Women

Supreme deities

Kokh Kox Koox Kopé Tiatie Cac Roog
Roog
(main)

Other deities

Kumba Njaay Takhar Tiurakh

Saints and ancestral spirits

Ginaaru Julang Joof Laga Ndong Lunguñ Joof Mindiss Moussa Sarr Njemeh (of Languème) Njoxona Ngojil Joof Ngolum Joof Pangool

list

Sacred
Sacred
sites

Fatick Sine River Sine-Saloum Somb Point of Sangomar Tattaguine Tukar Yaboyabo

 History Philosophy Science Law Geography Politics

History

Cekeen Tumulus Khasso Kingdom of Baol Kingdom of Biffeche kingdom of Saloum Kingdom of Sine Serer ancient history Serer history
Serer history
(medieval era to present) States headed by ancient Serer Lamanes The Battle of Fandane-Thiouthioune The Battle of Logandème Timeline of Serer history Western Sahara

Philosophy

Science Law

Medicine

medicinal plants

CEMETRA Loup (healer)

Saltigues and Loup practitioners

MALANGO Philosophy of beauty Jom principle Cosmology Customary law

Geography Politics

Farba Kaba Jaraff Serer countries

 Demographics Culture

Demographics

By region

Gambia Mauritania Senegal

Language

Cangin Lehar Ndut Noon Palor Safen Serer

Culture

Birth Chere Death Inheritance Marriage Mbalax Njuup Sabar Tama Tassu Njom

 Royalty

Kings and lamanes

Lamane
Lamane
Jegan Joof Maad a Sinig
Maad a Sinig
Kumba Ndoffene Famak Joof Maad a Sinig
Maad a Sinig
Kumba Ndoffene Famak Joof Maad a Sinig
Maad a Sinig
Kumba Ndoffene Fa Ndeb Joof Maad a Sinig
Maad a Sinig
Mahecor Joof Maad a Sinig
Maad a Sinig
Maysa Wali Jaxateh Manneh Maad a Sinig
Maad a Sinig
Ama Joof Gnilane Faye Joof Maad Ndaah Njemeh Joof Maad Semou Njekeh Joof

Queens and queen mothers

Lingeer
Lingeer
Fatim Beye Lingeer
Lingeer
Ndoye Demba Serer maternal clans

Dynasties and royal houses

Faye family Guelowar Joof family Joos Maternal Dynasty The Royal House of Boureh Gnilane Joof The Royal House of Jogo Siga Joof The Royal House of Semou Njekeh Joof

Families and royal titles

Buumi Faye family Joof family Lamane Lingeer Loul Maad Saloum Maad a Sinig Njie family Sarr family Sene family Teigne Thilas

Serer people
Serer people
category

Serer religion
Serer religion
category

Serer people
Serer people
portal

Serer religion
Serer religion
portal

v t e

Religion in Africa

Religions

Akan mythology Akamba mythology Bahá'í Faith Bantu mythology Berber mythology Bambuti mythology Buddhism Bushongo mythology Christianity Dahomey (Fon) mythology Dinka mythology Efik mythology Egyptian religion Hinduism Irreligion Islam Isoko mythology Jainism Judaism Khoe/San religion Lotuko mythology Lozi mythology Lugbara mythology Malagasy mythology Masai mythology Igbo religion Serer creation myth Serer religion Tumbuka mythology Waaq Yoruba religion Zulu religion

Sovereign states

Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Democratic Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) Djibouti Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon The Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Rwanda São Tomé and Príncipe Senegal Seychelles Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa South Sudan Sudan Swaziland Tanzania Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe

Dependencies, autonomies and other territories

Canary Islands (Spain) Ceuta (Spain) Madeira (Portugal) Mayotte (France) Melilla (Spain) Puntland Réunion (France) Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic St. Helena (UK) Socotra (Yemen) Somaliland Western Sahara Zanzibar (Tanzania)

See also: Afro

.