HOME
The Info List - Taiyuan


--- Advertisement ---



Taiyuan
Taiyuan
(Chinese: 太原; pinyin: Tàiyuán [tʰâi.ɥɛ̌n], also known as Bīng (并), Jìnyáng (晋阳)[2]) is the capital and largest city of Shanxi
Shanxi
province in North China.[3] It is one of the main manufacturing bases of China. Throughout its long history, Taiyuan
Taiyuan
was the capital or provisional capital of many dynasties in China, hence the name Lóngchéng (龙城, "Dragon City").[4]

Contents

1 Etymology and names 2 History

2.1 Pre- Qin dynasty
Qin dynasty
history 2.2 Qin dynasty 2.3 Han dynasty
Han dynasty
and Three Kingdoms 2.4 Jin dynasty and Sixteen Kingdoms 2.5 Southern and Northern Dynasties 2.6 Sui dynasty 2.7 Tang dynasty 2.8 Five Dynasties 2.9 Song dynasty 2.10 Jin dynasty 2.11 Yuan dynasty 2.12 Ming dynasty 2.13 Qing dynasty 2.14 Republic of China

3 Geography

3.1 Natural resources 3.2 Climate 3.3 Environment

4 Administrative divisions 5 Demographics 6 Economy 7 Transportation

7.1 Public Transportation 7.2 Air 7.3 Highway 7.4 Railway

8 Food 9 Tourism 10 Education

10.1 Major schools 10.2 Colleges and universities

11 See also 12 International relations 13 References 14 External links

Etymology and names[edit] The two Chinese characters of the city's name are 太 (tài, "great") and 原 (yuán, "plain"), referring to the location where the Fen River leaves the mountains and enters a relatively flat plain. Throughout its long history, the city had various names, including Bīngzhōu (并州) (from which the city's abbreviated single-character name Bīng (并) is derived), Jìnyáng (晋阳) and Lóngchéng (龙城).[citation needed] During the Tang dynasty
Tang dynasty
(唐朝) and subsequent Five Dynasties (五代), the status of the city of Taiyuan
Taiyuan
was elevated to be the Northern Capital, hence the name Běidū (北都), and Běijīng (北京, different from present-day Beijing).[5] History[edit] Taiyuan
Taiyuan
is an ancient city with more than 2500 years of urban history, dating back from 497 BC. It was the capital or secondary capital (陪都, 别都) of Zhao, Former Qin, Eastern Wei, Northern Qi, Northern Jin, Later Tang, Later Jin, Later Han, Northern Han. Its strategic location and rich history make Taiyuan
Taiyuan
one of the economic, political, military, and cultural centers of Northern China.[4] Pre- Qin dynasty
Qin dynasty
history[edit] From about 859 BC the area around modern-day Taiyuan
Taiyuan
was occupied by the Rong people. In 662 BC the Rong were driven out by the Di people.[6] During the Spring and Autumn period, the state of Jin emerged to the south of Taiyuan. In 541 BC, the Jin army led by General Xun Wu (荀吴), drove out the Di Tribes, and Taiyuan
Taiyuan
became part of the state of Jin.[citation needed] In 497 BC, the first ancient city of Jinyang was built around the southern Jinyuan District of present-day Taiyuan, by Dong Anyu (董安于), who was a steward of Zhao Jianzi (赵简子, 赵鞅), an upper-level official of the state of Jin.,[4][7] During the Battle of Jinyang in 453 BC, Zhi Yao (智伯瑶) diverted the flow of the Fen River
Fen River
to inundate the city of Jinyang, caused significant damage to the Zhao. Later, Zhao Xiangzi (赵襄子) alerted Wei and Han, who both decided to ally with Zhao. On the night of May 8, 453 BC, Zhao troops broke the dams of the Fen River
Fen River
and let the river flood the Zhi armies, and eventually annihilated the Zhi army, with the help from Wei and Han.[8] After the Tripartition of Jin in 403 BC, the state of Jin, then a strong power in Northern China, was divided into three smaller states of Han, Zhao and Wei. Jinyang, was chosen as the capital of Zhao, by Zhao Ji. Later, the capital of Zhao was moved to Handan (邯郸).[citation needed] Qin dynasty[edit] In 248 BC, the state of Qin attacked Zhao under General Meng'ao, and obtained the area around Jinyang from Zhao. Qin set up the Commandery of Taiyuan
Taiyuan
(太原郡), with the city of Jinyang as its administrative center. Although, the name Taiyuan
Taiyuan
had appeared in historic records before, potentially referring to different regions in nowadays southern and central Shanxi, this was the first time Taiyuan
Taiyuan
was officially used to refer to present-day Taiyuan.[6] In 246 BC, there was an uprising in Jinyang, and it was quickly quelled by Meng'ao.[citation needed] In 221 BC, Qin conquered the rest of China, and officially started the first imperial dynasty of China. Qin established thirty-six commanderies on its territory, and Taiyuan
Taiyuan
was one of them. Also, the capital of commandery of Taiyuan
Taiyuan
is Jinyang. [9] Han dynasty
Han dynasty
and Three Kingdoms[edit] In 206 BC, Emperor Gaozu Liu Bang established the Han dynasty. During that period, the Qin administrative system of commanderies was abolished, the two Commanderies of Taiyuan
Taiyuan
and Yanmen were combined as the vassal state of Han (韩国) under the rule of King Xin of Han (韩王信).[citation needed] Later, King Xin of Han moved the capital from Jinyang to Mayi (present-day Shuozhou) with the approval from the emperor Gaozu. However, King Xin of Han conspired with the Xiongnu
Xiongnu
against Gaozu, and attacked Han for many years. In 196 BC, King Xin of Han was killed after he lost a battle. And the vassal state of Han was replaced by the vassal state of Dai, with Jinyang as the administrative center of Dai.[citation needed] During the tumultuous Three Kingdoms, the population of Taiyuan decreased significantly due to constant warfares. Taiyuan
Taiyuan
was ruled by Gongsun Zan, Yuan Shao, and then by Cao Cao, and was part of Cao Wei afterwards.[citation needed] Jin dynasty and Sixteen Kingdoms[edit] During the Jin dynasty, Taiyuan
Taiyuan
was again changed into a vassal state. Following the ending of the Jin dynasty, ethnic minority peoples settled a series of short-lived sovereign states in northern China, commonly referred to as Sixteen Kingdoms. Taiyuan
Taiyuan
was part of Former Zhao, Later Zhao, Former Qin, Former Yan, Former Qin
Former Qin
again, Western Yan, and Later Yan
Later Yan
chronologically. In 304, Liu Yuan founded the Xiongnu
Xiongnu
state of Former Zhao, whose army raided the area around Taiyuan
Taiyuan
for years and eventually obtained Taiyuan
Taiyuan
in 316.In 319, Taiyuan
Taiyuan
became part of Later Zhao, founded by Shi Le. Later, Taiyuan
Taiyuan
was obtained by Former Yan
Former Yan
in 358, and by Former Qin
Former Qin
in 370. Former Qin
Former Qin
was founded by Fu Jian (苻坚) in 351 with capital of Chang'an.[citation needed] Fu Jian died in 384. His son Fu Pi declared himself an emperor in 385, with Jinyang (central city of Taiyuan) as the capital. But the next year, Fu Pi was defeated by the Western Yan
Western Yan
prince Murong Yong in 386, and Taiyuan
Taiyuan
became part of Western Yan.In 394, Taiyuan
Taiyuan
was conquered by Later Yan
Later Yan
army.[citation needed] Southern and Northern Dynasties[edit] In 386, Tuoba Gui founded Northern Wei. In 396, Northern Wei
Northern Wei
expanded to Taiyuan. In 543, Eastern Wei
Eastern Wei
was founded by Gao Huan, with the capital at the city of Ye, and Taiyuan
Taiyuan
as the alternative capital (别都), where the Mansion of the "Great Chancellor" Gao Huan (大丞相府) was located. In 550, Northern Qi
Northern Qi
was founded by Gao Yang, who maintained his father Gao Huan's choice of Taiyuan
Taiyuan
as the alternative capital. The Buddhist Tianlongshan Grottoes
Tianlongshan Grottoes
of Taiyuan
Taiyuan
started during this period, and continued for many centuries afterwards.[citation needed] In 577, Taiyuan
Taiyuan
was conquered and became part of Northern Zhou. Sui dynasty[edit]

Taiyuan
Taiyuan
on a historical map

In 581, Emperor Wen of Sui
Emperor Wen of Sui
founded Sui dynasty. Jinyang was first the administrative center of Bing Zhou (并州), which was changed into Taiyuan
Taiyuan
Commandery. In 617, Li Yuan rose in rebellion based in Taiyuan, and expanded quickly. Tang dynasty[edit] In 618, Li Yuan founded Tang dynasty, which is generally considered a golden age of Chinese civilization. Taiyuan
Taiyuan
expanded significantly during the Tang dynasty, partly because Taiyuan
Taiyuan
was the military base of the founding emperors Li Yuan and Li Shimin. As Li Shimin
Li Shimin
wrote in 619: "Taiyuan, the base of the imperial regime and the foundation of the state." (太原,王业所基,国之根本)[10] In 690, Wu Zetian
Wu Zetian
set Taiyuan
Taiyuan
as the Northern Capital, (Beidu, 北都), one of the three capitals, along with Chang'an
Chang'an
and Luoyang, as depicted in the poem by Li Bai, "天王三京,北都居一" ("The king of the heaven has three capitals, the Northern capital is one of them.").[5] In 742 AD, Emperor Xuanzong of Tang
Emperor Xuanzong of Tang
changed further to Beijing
Beijing
(北京). During Tang Dynasty, the title Northern Capital to Taiyuan
Taiyuan
had been endowed or abolished multiple times.[9] Five Dynasties[edit] In 923, Li Cunxu, son of Li Keyong, founded Later Tang
Later Tang
with capital of Daming, and soon conquered most of North China, and ended Later Liang. Afterwards, Li Cunxu
Li Cunxu
moved the capital from Daming to Luoyang, and Taiyuan
Taiyuan
was set as a provisional capital, titled "Beijing" (Northern Capital).[citation needed] In 936, Shi Jingtang
Shi Jingtang
established Later Jin in Taiyuan
Taiyuan
with the help from Khitan Liao dynasty. The next year, Shi Jingtang
Shi Jingtang
moved the capital from Taiyuan
Taiyuan
to Luoyang, and then to Kaifeng, and Taiyuan became a provisional northern capital ("Beijing") again.[citation needed] Song dynasty[edit] Zhao Kuangyin ( Emperor Taizu of Song
Emperor Taizu of Song
) established the Song dynasty and embarked on the campaign of re-unification of China. Using a power struggle at the Northern Han
Northern Han
court Taizu moved against it in the late 968.[11] By early 969 his armies encircled Taiyuan
Taiyuan
and defeated the reinforcements sent by the Khitan. However, an attempt to flood the city failed. The siege was lifted after three months, as heavy rains caused diseases in the besieging army, the supplies were running low, and another Khitan relief force was advancing towards the city.[11] Taizu launched the second invasion of Northern Han
Northern Han
in September 969, but the armies were recalled after his death (November 14,969).[11] Taizu’s brother Taizong subjugated the last independent kingdoms in the south of China
China
by 978, and in 979 launched the third campaign against the Northern Han
Northern Han
and its overlord the Khitan state of Liao. Using the north-western route instead of the southern (used in the previous campaigns) the armies of Taizong defeated a major Liao force. Isolated, the Northern Han
Northern Han
resisted for only fifteen days before surrendering. In contrast to the mild policies of his brother, Taizong dealt harshly with the city. He ordered the flooding of Taiyuan
Taiyuan
by releasing the Fen River, and set the city on fire.[11] The former capital was downgraded from the prefecture to county town status. It was not until 982 that a new city was founded on the banks of the Fen River.[12] The oldest existing building in Taiyuan
Taiyuan
today is the Temple of the Goddess (simplified Chinese: 圣母殿; traditional Chinese: 聖母殿) inside the Jin Ci
Jin Ci
Complex. It was originally built in 1023 and reconstructed in 1102. From 1027 one of the two private markets for Tangut goods, particularly salt, operated in Taiyuan.[13] During the Song period many people, including the family of Wang Anshi, migrated south.[14] Jin dynasty[edit] The Jurchen Jin dynasty was founded in 1115, and in 1125, Taiyuan
Taiyuan
was conquered by Jin. The same year, after the conquest of North China
North China
by Jin, the capital of Song was shifted to Lin'an, which marked the end of Northern Song, and the start of the Southern Song dynasty. Yuan dynasty[edit] The Mongol empire emerged in 1206 under the leadership of Genghis Khan, and it expanded quickly. In 1218, Taiyuan
Taiyuan
was conquested by the Mongol army led by General Muqali. Kublai Khan
Kublai Khan
established the Yuan dynasty in 1271, and the administrative area of Taiyuan
Taiyuan
Lu (太原路) was expanded. The Taoist Longshan Grottoes was built in early Yuan dynasty, initiated by Taoist monk Song Defang (宋德芳). Ming dynasty[edit] In 1368, Zhu Yuanzhang established the Ming dynasty, and Taiyuan
Taiyuan
was obtained from Yuan, by General Xu Da. The Ming dynasty
Ming dynasty
installed Nine Military Garrisons to defend the northern territory during the reign of the Hongzhi Emperor, which included the Garrison of Taiyuan (太原镇). In the ending period of Ming dynasty, the rebel leader Li Zicheng conquered Taiyuan, and Taiyuan
Taiyuan
became part of Great Shun temporarily in 1644.[citation needed] Qing dynasty[edit] In 1644, Shunzhi founded the Qing dynasty
Qing dynasty
and defeated the Great Shun army in Taiyuan
Taiyuan
in the same year. In 1900 the Taiyuan Massacre occurred, when a number of western missionaries were killed.[15]

Taiyuan
Taiyuan
Cathedral, photographed by Edouard Chavannes in 1907

Republic of China[edit] The warlord Yan Xishan
Yan Xishan
retained control of Shanxi
Shanxi
from the Xinhai Revolution in 1911 to the end of the Chinese Civil War
Chinese Civil War
in 1949. Taiyuan
Taiyuan
consequently flourished as the center of his comparatively progressive province and experienced extensive industrial development. It was linked by rail both to the far southwest of Shanxi
Shanxi
and to Datong
Datong
in the north. Until the end of the Chinese Civil War
Chinese Civil War
in 1949 Yan's arsenal in Taiyuan
Taiyuan
was the only factory in China
China
sufficiently advanced to produce field artillery. Because Yan succeeded in keeping Shanxi
Shanxi
uninvolved in most of the major battles between rival warlords that occurred in China
China
during the 1910s and 1920s, Taiyuan
Taiyuan
was never taken from Yan by an invading army until the Japanese conquered it in 1937.[16]

Chinese soldiers and civilians celebrating the victory at Pingxingguan in 1937

Yan was aware of the threat posed by the Japanese; and, in order to defend against the impending Japanese invasion of Shanxi, Yan entered into a secret "united front" agreement with the Communists in November 1936. After concluding his alliance with the Communists he allowed agents under Zhou Enlai
Zhou Enlai
to establish a secret headquarters in Taiyuan.[17] Yan, under the slogan "resistance against the enemy and defense of the soil" attempted to recruit young, patriotic intellectuals to his government from across China, so that by 1936 Taiyuan
Taiyuan
became a gathering point for anti-Japanese intellectuals who had fled from Beijing, Tianjin, and Northeast China.[18] A representative of the Japanese army, speaking of the final defense of Taiyuan, said that "nowhere in China
China
have the Chinese fought so obstinately".[19] From the Japanese occupation of Taiyuan
Taiyuan
to the Japanese surrender in 1945, the Japanese continued to develop Taiyuan's industries and resources. After the Japanese army in Shanxi
Shanxi
surrendered to Yan Xishan, 10,000–15,000 Japanese troops, including both enlisted men and officers, decided to fight for Yan rather than return to Japan. Yan also retained the services of experienced and foreign-educated Japanese technicians and professional staff brought into Taiyuan
Taiyuan
by the Japanese to run the complex of industries that they had developed around Taiyuan.[20]

Taiyuan
Taiyuan
Campaign

Taiyuan
Taiyuan
was the last area in Shanxi
Shanxi
to resist Communist control during the final stages of the Chinese Civil War. The city fell on April 22, 1949, after the Communists surrounded Taiyuan
Taiyuan
and cut it off from all means of land and air supply, and taking the city required the support of 1,300 pieces of artillery.[21] Many Nationalist officers committed suicide when the city fell. The dead included Yan's nephew-in-law, who was serving as governor, and his cousin, who ran his household. Liang Huazhi, the head of Yan's "Patriotic Sacrifice League", had fought for years against the Communists in Shanxi
Shanxi
until he was finally trapped in the massively fortified city of Taiyuan. For six months Liang led a savage resistance, leading both Yan's remaining forces and those of the warlord's thousands of Japanese mercenaries. When Communist troops finally broke into the city and began to occupy large sections of it, Liang barricaded himself inside a large, fortified prison complex filled with Communist prisoners. In a final act of self-sacrifice, Liang set fire to the prison and committed suicide as the entire compound burned to the ground.[22] Geography[edit]

Satellite image of Taiyuan

Taiyuan
Taiyuan
is one of the major industrial cities of China
China
and lies on the Fen River
Fen River
in the north of its fertile upper basin. It is located in central Shanxi
Shanxi
and commands the north-south route through the province, as well as important natural lines of communication through the Taihang Mountains
Taihang Mountains
to Hebei
Hebei
in the east and to northern Shaanxi
Shaanxi
in the west. The city is located at the center of the province with an East-West span of 144 km and a North-South span of 107 km.[2][23] Natural resources[edit] Taiyuan
Taiyuan
is abundant in natural resources such as coal, iron, marble, silica, bauxite, limestone, graphite, quartz, phosphorus, gypsum, mica, copper, gold and so on. It boosts high production of coal, iron, silica and marble. The western satellite city of Gujiao
Gujiao
is the largest production cite of coking coal (metallurgical coal) in China. The tree population in Taiyuan
Taiyuan
is dominated by coniferous forest, pine, white pine, spruce, and cypress. [24] Climate[edit] Taiyuan
Taiyuan
experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSk). Spring is dry, with occasional dust storms, followed by early summer heat waves. Summer tends to be warm to hot with most of the year's rainfall concentrated in July and August. Winter is long and cold, but dry and sunny. Because of the aridity, there tends to be considerable diurnal variation in temperature, except during the summer. The weather is much cooler than comparable-latitude cities, such as Shijiazhuang, due to the moderately high altitude. The monthly 24-hour average temperature range from −5.5 °C (22.1 °F) in January to 23.4 °C (74.1 °F) in July, while the annual mean is 9.96 °C (49.9 °F). With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 51 percent in July to 61 percent in May, there are 2,502 hours of sunshine annually.

Climate data for Taiyuan
Taiyuan
(1971–2000)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 1.8 (35.2) 5.4 (41.7) 11.5 (52.7) 19.8 (67.6) 25.5 (77.9) 28.6 (83.5) 29.3 (84.7) 28.0 (82.4) 23.7 (74.7) 17.8 (64) 9.5 (49.1) 3.1 (37.6) 17.0 (62.6)

Average low °C (°F) −11.6 (11.1) −8 (18) −2 (28) 4.8 (40.6) 10.5 (50.9) 15.1 (59.2) 18.2 (64.8) 16.9 (62.4) 10.8 (51.4) 4.0 (39.2) −2.7 (27.1) −9.2 (15.4) 3.9 (39)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 3.2 (0.126) 5.2 (0.205) 13.4 (0.528) 19.9 (0.783) 33.3 (1.311) 55.9 (2.201) 102.1 (4.02) 107.0 (4.213) 51.6 (2.031) 25.6 (1.008) 10.7 (0.421) 3.2 (0.126) 431.1 (16.973)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 1.9 2.9 4.4 4.3 5.7 9.3 12.4 11.2 8.1 5.4 3.3 1.4 70.3

Average relative humidity (%) 50 47 50 47 50 61 73 77 74 67 62 56 59.5

Mean monthly sunshine hours 173.4 174.0 202.3 229.8 265.1 250.9 228.6 223.8 209.6 206.9 174.6 162.6 2,501.6

Percent possible sunshine 57 58 55 59 61 57 51 53 56 60 57 55 56.6

Source: China
China
Meteorological Administration[25]

Environment[edit] The municipality of Taiyuan
Taiyuan
is 6988 km2. Taiyuan
Taiyuan
has a forest area of 146,700 hectares. and total grassland area of 422.5 km2 in 2007.[26] The forest area coverage rate in the six urban districts has been increased to 21.69% in 2015.[27] Taiyuan
Taiyuan
had suffered from severe air pollution, especially in the 1990s, and the first decade of the 21st century,[28] and once it was even listed among one of ten most air polluted cities in the world.[29] Recently, the air quality has been gradually improved with increasing public awareness of air quality control and stricter and more detailed rules for pollution applied. However, according to the 2014 statistical book issued by the National Bureau of Statistics, even though no longer among the worst polluted cities in China, Taiyuan
Taiyuan
still has below-average ambient air quality, compared with other major Chinese cities.[30] Administrative divisions[edit] [citation needed]

Map

Xiaodian Yingze Xinghualing Jiancaoping Wanbailin Jinyuan Qingxu County Yangqu County Loufan County Gujiao (city)

Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Population (2003 est.) Area (km²) Density (/km²)

City Proper

Xiaodian District 小店区 Xiǎodiàn Qū 470,000 295 1,593

Yingze District 迎泽区 Yíngzé Qū 490,000 117 4,188

Xinghualing District 杏花岭区 Xìnghuālǐng Qū 530,000 170 3,118

Suburban

Jiancaoping District 尖草坪区 Jiāncǎopíng Qū 330,000 286 1,154

Wanbailin District 万柏林区 Wànbǎilín Qū 500,000 305 1,639

Jinyuan District 晋源区 Jìnyuán Qū 180,000 287 627

Satellite cities

Gujiao
Gujiao
City 古交市 Gǔjiāo Shì 210,000 1,540 136

Rural

Qingxu County 清徐县 Qīngxú Xiàn 300,000 607 494

Yangqu County 阳曲县 Yángqǔ Xiàn 140,000 2,062 88

Loufan County 娄烦县 Lóufán Xiàn 120,000 1,290 93

Demographics[edit] At the 2010 census, Taiyuan
Taiyuan
prefecture had a total population of 4,201,591 inhabitants on 6,959 km2 (2,687 sq mi), from whom 3,212,500 are urban on 1,460 km2 (560 sq mi).[1] Economy[edit]

Taiyuan
Taiyuan
city center

In 2015, Taiyuan's nominal GDP
GDP
was around 290 billion yuan, or 44.5 billion USD, a growth of 8.1 percent from the previous year.[31] Taiyuan's primary, secondary, and tertiary industries were worth 3.9 billion yuan, 105.2 billion yuan, and 132.2 billion yuan respectively in 2007. [31] The Shanxi
Shanxi
produces a quarter of China's coal, and Taiyuan
Taiyuan
is the location of the China
China
Taiyuan
Taiyuan
Coal Transaction Center, which began trading in 2012.[32] Transportation[edit] Taiyuan
Taiyuan
is one of the transportation hubs in North China, with highways linking neighboring provincial capitals, and airlines to most other major Chinese cities and some international cities. Public Transportation[edit]

A 824 route bus at Taiyuan

The Taiyuan Metro is under construction, and is expected to start operation around 2020.[citation needed] In early 2016 the city began the conversion of all its 8000 taxi fleet into purely electric vehicles, initially using BYD Auto
BYD Auto
model E6.[33][34] Air[edit]

Taiyuan
Taiyuan
Airport

The primary airport of the city is Taiyuan
Taiyuan
Wusu
Wusu
Airport. It has been expanded for the landing of Airbus A380. The airport has domestic airlines to major cities including Beijing, Shanghai, and coastal cities such as Dalian.[35] International flights to Taipei
Taipei
and Da Nang are available.[36][37] Highway[edit] Taiyuan
Taiyuan
has a number of major roads, Including the G5, G20 (including Shitai Expressway), G55, G2001 (Ring Highway around Taiyuan), G307, G108, G208.[citation needed]

Two highways on the banks of Fen River
Fen River
run through the center of the city. A 45-kilometer Middle Ring Highway (太原中环快速路) circling the metropolis of Taiyuan
Taiyuan
was built in 2013. The South Shahe River highway passing through central Taiyuan
Taiyuan
was finished in 2015. Another 8 similar highways along rivers in the city are currently under construction as of 2017. The southern part of Taiyuan
Taiyuan
has three "East-West" direction highways: South Middle Ring Street (南中环街), Huazhang Street (化章街) and Yingbin Road (迎宾路), and five "North-South" direction highways: West Middle Ring Road (西中环路),Binhe West Road (滨河西路), Binhe East Road (滨河东路), Dayun Road (大运路), Jianshe Road (建设路) & Taiyu Road (太榆路). The western S56 Taiyuan- Gujiao
Gujiao
Highway links Taiyuan
Taiyuan
with the western satellite city of Gujiao. The northern Yangxing Highway (阳兴大道) connects downtown Taiyuan with the northern suburb of Yangqu County.

Railway[edit]

Taiyuan
Taiyuan
Train Station

Taiyuan
Taiyuan
is one of the main national hubs for the high-speed railway system of Northern China. Major high-speed railways passing Taiyuan, including the Shijiazhuang–Taiyuan High-Speed Railway
Shijiazhuang–Taiyuan High-Speed Railway
and Datong– Xi'an
Xi'an
passenger railway. By high-speed trains, the travel time between Taiyuan
Taiyuan
and Beijing
Beijing
is less than three hours on a distance of 600 km (370 mi).[38] The main high-speed railway station is Taiyuan
Taiyuan
Nan ( Taiyuan
Taiyuan
South) station. The conventional-speed Taiyuan–Zhongwei– Yinchuan
Yinchuan
Railway, opened in 2011, provides a direct connection with western Shanxi, northern Shaanxi, Ningxia, and points further west. Food[edit]

Tounao was created in Taiyuan.

Taiyuan's local specialities include:[citation needed]

Tomato egg noodles (Chinese: 西红柿炒鸡蛋面; pinyin: xīhóngshì chǎo jīdàn miàn; literally: "noodles with tomato and scrambled eggs") Tijian (Chinese: 剔尖; pinyin: tī jiān; literally: "scraped noodles") Tounao (Chinese: 头脑; pinyin: tóu nǎo; literally: "brain-enhancing soup"): Contains mutton, rice wine and vegetables in the soup. This dish was first created by Chinese polymath Fu Shan, who was proficient in medicine, for his old and illness-ridden mother as a food substitute for the ancient medicine Bazhen Tang (literally "Soup of Eight Treasures") using only locally available food materials that have similar effects as the original medicine.[39] Lao Chen Cu mature vinegar (Chinese: 老陈醋; pinyin: lǎo chén cù) Yuci Flour Sausage (Chinese: 榆次灌肠; pinyin: Yú Cì guàn cháng) Fried Pork with vegetables (Chinese: 过油肉; pinyin: guò yóu ròu) Mutton
Mutton
Soup (Chinese: 羊肉汤; pinyin: yángròu tāng)

Tourism[edit]

Changfeng (长风) footbridge on Fen river and Shanxi
Shanxi
theater.

Shanxi
Shanxi
folklore museum courtyard with old Confucianic temple.

The twin towers inside the Yongzuo Temple.

Jinci
Jinci
Temple.

Taiyuan
Taiyuan
is a modern city with just a few historic buildings remaining in the centre. The remnants of old Taiyuan
Taiyuan
can be found west of the central station, north of Fudong Street and close to Wuyi Road. One of the main tourist destinations is Shanxi
Shanxi
Museum located in West Binhe Road, downtown Taiyuan, which is among the largest museums in China. The Twin Towers in Yongzuo Temple, which are featured in the emblem of the city, have been regarded as a symbol of Taiyuan
Taiyuan
for a long time. Yongzuo Temple
Yongzuo Temple
is at southeast of the city centre, also famous for its peony garden and martyrs cemetery. The Chongshan Monastery, Longtan Park, and Yingze Park,in the city centre, are popular tourist destinations.[40] Jinci Temple
Jinci Temple
also called Tangshuyu Temple,which located in Jinyuan District of southern Taiyuan, dates back to Zhou Dynasty. In Jinci, there are three treasures including Nanlao Spring, the Beauty Status and the Queen status. The Flying Bridge Across the Fish Pond was built in Song Dynasty, getting famous for its cross-shaped structure.[41] Along the West Mountain range in western Taiyuan, tourists can find Tianlongshan Grottoes, which were gradually built over many centuries, from the northern Qi dynasty, and contains thousands of Buddhist statues and artwork. The grottoes exist today in a damaged state with so many of the sculptures now missing, that visitors to the caves cannot imagine how they looked in the past. Many of the sculptures from the caves are now in museums around the world. However, though the sculptures may be preserved and displayed, visitors to museums cannot understand them in their original historical, spatial, and religious contexts. Researchers at the University of Chicago initiated the Tianlongshan Caves Project in 2013 to pursue research and digital imaging of the caves and their sculptures.[42] Not far from the Tianlongshan Grottoes
Tianlongshan Grottoes
are the Longshan Grottoes, which are the only Taoist grottoes in China. The main eight grottoes were carved in 1234~1239 during the Yuan Dynasty. Education[edit] Major schools[edit]

Taiyuan
Taiyuan
Yuying Secondary School The Affiliated High School of Shanxi
Shanxi
University Shanxi
Shanxi
Experimental Secondary School Taiyuan
Taiyuan
Foreign Language School Taiyuan
Taiyuan
No. 5 Secondary School Taiyuan
Taiyuan
No. 12 Secondary School Taiyuan
Taiyuan
Second Foreign Language School

Colleges and universities[edit]

North University of China Shanxi
Shanxi
College of Traditional Chinese Medicine Shanxi
Shanxi
Medical University Shanxi
Shanxi
University Shanxi
Shanxi
University of Finance and Economics Taiyuan
Taiyuan
Normal University Taiyuan
Taiyuan
University of Science and Technology Taiyuan
Taiyuan
University of Technology

See also[edit]

Taiyuan
Taiyuan
Satellite Launch Center

International relations[edit] Taiyuan
Taiyuan
has a friendship pairing with the following cities:[43][44][45]

Launceston, Tasmania, Australia
Australia
(Established relations on November 28th,1995) Douala, Cameroon
Cameroon
(Established relations on October 12th,1999) Chemnitz, Germany
Germany
(Established relations on May 17th,1995) Saint-Denis, Réunion, France
France
(Established relations formally on March 2nd,2012)[46] Himeji, Hyōgo, Japan
Japan
(Established relations on May 19th,1987) Saratov
Saratov
and Syktyvkar, Russia
Russia
(Established relations on December 8th,1995 and September 1st,1994) Khujand, Tajikistan
Tajikistan
(Established relations on August 31st,2017)[47] Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(Established relations on April 14th,1985) Donetsk, Ukraine
Ukraine
(Established relations formally on August 25th,2012) Nashville, USA (Established relations on April 18th,2007)[48]

References[edit]

^ a b "山西省2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报(Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China" (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of China. Retrieved 2015-06-02.  ^ a b 太原市. www.shanxigov.cn (in Chinese). 山西省人民政府. 26 October 2012. Retrieved 23 July 2015.  ^ "Illuminating China's Provinces, Municipalities and Autonomous Regions". PRC Central Government Official Website. Retrieved 2014-05-17.  ^ a b c 太原市政府网站-历史沿革 (in Chinese) ^ a b 汉典-三京(in Chinese) ^ a b 先秦史籍中的"太原" (in Chinese) ^ 太原指南 (in Chinese) ^ Sima Qian vol. 43 司马迁 史记 卷43 ^ a b 太原市政府网站-历史沿革 (in Chinese) ^ 资治通鉴 唐纪三 司马光 ^ a b c d A. D. Levine, The Reigns of Hui-tsung (1100–1126) and Ch’in-tsung (1126–1127) and the Fall of the Northern Sung, in P. J. Smith (ed.), The Cambridge History of China, vol. 5, Part One: The Sung Dynasty and Its Precursors, 907–1279, (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1994), Ch. 7. ISBN 978-0-521-81248-1 ^ 宋太宗平毁太原 盗墓史上那些挖别人祖坟的事(4) ^ R. Dunnel, The Hia Hia, in D. Twitchet and J. K. Fairbank (eds.), The Cambridge History of China, vol. 6, Alien Regimes and Border States, 907—1368 (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1994), p. 178 ISBN 978-0-521-24331-5 ^ P. J. Smith, Shen-tsung’s Reign and the New Policies of Wang An-shih, 1067–1085, in P. J. Smith (ed.), The Cambridge History of China, vol. 5, Part One: The Sung Dynasty and Its Precursors, 907–1279, (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1994), p. 357. ISBN 978-0-521-81248-1 ^ Roger R. Thompson (2007). "Reporting the Taiyuan
Taiyuan
Massacre: Culture and Politics in the China
China
War of 1900". In Robert Bickers and R.G. Tiedemann. The Boxers, China, and the World. Rowman & Littlefield.  ^ Gillin, Donald G. "Portrait of a Warlord: Yen Hsi-shan in Shansi Province, 1911-1930." The Journal of Asian Studies. Vol. 19, No. 3, May, 1960. Retrieved February 23, 2011. pp.289-294. ^ Gillin, Donald G. Warlord: Yen Hsi-shan in Shansi Province 1911-1949. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. 1967. p.263. ^ Feng Chongyi and Goodman, David S. G., eds. North China
North China
at War: The Social Ecology of Revolution, 1937-1945. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman and Littlefield. 2000. ISBN 0-8476-9938-2. Retrieved June 3, 2012. pp.157-158 ^ Gillin, Donald G. Warlord: Yen Hsi-shan in Shansi Province 1911-1949. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. 1967. pp.272–273. ^ Gillin, Donald G. and Etter, Charles. "Staying On: Japanese Soldiers and Civilians in China, 1945-1949." The Journal of Asian Studies. Vol. 42, No. 3, May, 1983. Retrieved February 23, 2011. p.500, 506–508. ^ Gillin, Donald G. Warlord: Yen Hsi-shan in Shansi Province 1911-1949. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. 1967. p.288. ^ Spence, Jonathan D. The Search for Modern China, W.W. Norton and Company. 1999. ISBN 0-393-97351-4. p.488 ^ "City of Taiyuan". People's Government of Shanxi.  ^ Water Pollution and Water Quality Control of Selected Chinese Reservoir Basins ^ 中国地面国际交换站气候标准值月值数据集(1971-2000年) (in Chinese). China
China
Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2009-03-17.  ^ Tang, Deliang; Wang, Cuicui; Nie, Jiesheng; Chen, Renjie; Niu, Qiao; Kan, Haidong; Chen, Bingheng; Perera, Frederica (2014). "Health benefits of improving air quality in Taiyuan, China". Environment International. 73: 235–242. doi:10.1016/j.envint.2014.07.016.  ^ 六城区森林覆盖率达21.69% (in Chinese) ^ "Ambient Air Quality in Main Cities (2004) in China
China
Statistics 2005". Retrieved 2016-04-14.  ^ "WEATHER & EXTREME EVENTS 7 of 10 Most Air-Polluted Cities Are in China". JAN 16, 2013. Imaginechina/Corbis. http://news.discovery.com. Retrieved 1 September 2014.  ^ Ambient Air Quality in Main Cities (2013) in China
China
Statistics 2014 ^ a b 太原市2013年国民经济和社会发展统计公报. 山西统计信息网 (in Chinese). 9 April 2014. Retrieved 17 July 2015.  ^ " China
China
Taiyuan
Taiyuan
coal transaction center put into operation". China.org.cn. 23 February 2012. Retrieved 10 September 2013.  ^ "Electric taxis on the roads in Taiyuan", www.chinadaily.com.cn, 16 Mar 2016  ^ "North China's Taiyuan
Taiyuan
will be first in country with only electric taxis", www.cctv-america.com, 3 Mar 2016  ^ 暑假去哪儿 避暑长白山 畅游沙坡头——成都航空引进全新空客飞机,恢复成都=中卫,成都=长春=长白山等航线 (in Chinese). Chengdu
Chengdu
Airlines Co., Ltd. Retrieved 23 July 2015.  ^ "EVA Air/UNI Air Adds New Routes to China
China
from July 2014". airlineroute.net. 14 May 2014. Retrieved 23 July 2015.  ^ "EVA Air/UNI Air Adds New Routes to China
China
from July 2014". airlineroute.net. 18 May 2014. Retrieved 23 July 2015.  ^ Dingding, Xin (25 March 2009). "High-speed rails to slash travel time". China
China
Daily. Retrieved 18 September 2010.  ^ 太原名吃头脑 ^ Taiyuan
Taiyuan
Attractions ^ "Visit Jinci
Jinci
Temple". tour-beijing.com. Retrieved 16 October 2017.  ^ "Center for the Art of East Asia in the Department of Art History at the University of Chicago".  ^ "Foreign Exchanges". Doing Business in Shanxi. China.org.cn. Retrieved 7 April 2013.  ^ "国际友好城市-山西省人民政府网(International Sister Cities)" (in Chinese). Official Website of the People's Government of Shanxi
Shanxi
Province. Retrieved 2017-11-17.  ^ "友好城市建立后咋往来 与我们的生活有啥关系" (in Chinese). 山西新闻网--山西晚报. 2017-09-15. Retrieved 2017-11-17.  ^ "Jumelage entre Taiyuan
Taiyuan
et St-Denis : La Chine se rapproche un peu plus de la Réunion" (in French). Zinfos974. Retrieved 2017-11-17.  ^ "太原市与胡占德市结为国际友城( Taiyuan
Taiyuan
and Khujand become sister cities)" (in Chinese). 太原日报( Taiyuan
Taiyuan
Daily). 2017-09-01. Retrieved 2017-11-17.  ^ "Sister Cities of Nashville". SCNashville.org. Retrieved August 3, 2011. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Taiyuan.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Taiyuan.

Taiyuan
Taiyuan
Government website

v t e

Shanxi
Shanxi
topics

Taiyuan
Taiyuan
(capital)

General

History Politics Economy

Geography

Cities Fen River Hutuo River Lüliang
Lüliang
Mountains Mount Heng Mount Wutai Taihang Mountains Xiechi Lake Yellow River

Education

Shanxi
Shanxi
University Shanxi
Shanxi
Medical University Taiyuan
Taiyuan
Normal University

Culture

Zhongyuan Mandarin Jin Chinese Puzhou Opera Shanxi
Shanxi
merchants Cuisine

Visitor attractions

Bianjing Drum Tower Dazhai Great Wall of China Hukou Waterfall Jinci Mengshan Giant Buddha Mount Heng Pagoda of Fogong Temple Pingyao
Pingyao
Ancient City Qiao Family Compound Tianlongshan Grottoes Yanmen Pass Yungang Grottoes

Category Commons

v t e

County-level divisions of Shanxi
Shanxi
Province

Taiyuan
Taiyuan
(capital)

Prefecture-level cities

Taiyuan

Xinghualing District Xiaodian District Yingze District Jiancaoping District Wanbailin District Jinyuan District Gujiao
Gujiao
City Qingxu County Yangqu County Loufan County

Datong

Pingcheng District Yungang District Xinrong District Yunzhou District Yanggao County Tianzhen County Guangling County Lingqiu County Hunyuan County Zuoyun County

Yangquan

Cheng District Kuang District Jiao District Pingding County Yu County

Changzhi

Cheng District Jiao District Lucheng City Changzhi
Changzhi
County Xiangyuan County Tunliu County Pingshun County Licheng County Huguan County Zhangzi County Wuxiang County Qin County Qinyuan County

Jincheng

Cheng District Gaoping
Gaoping
City Zezhou County Qinshui County Yangcheng County Lingchuan County

Shuozhou

Shuocheng District Pinglu District Shanyin County Ying County Youyu County Huairen County

Jinzhong

Yuci District Jiexiu
Jiexiu
City Yushe County Zuoquan County Heshun County Xiyang County Shouyang County Taigu County Qi County Pingyao
Pingyao
County Lingshi County

Yuncheng

Yanhu District Yongji City Hejin
Hejin
City Ruicheng County Linyi
Linyi
County Wanrong County Xinjiang
Xinjiang
County Jishan County Wenxi County Xia County Jiang County Pinglu County Yuanqu County

Xinzhou

Xinfu District Yuanping City Dingxiang County Wutai County Dai County Fanshi County Ningwu County Jingle County Shenchi County Wuzhai County Kelan County Hequ County Baode County Pianguan County

Linfen

Yaodu District Houma City Huozhou
Huozhou
City Quwo County Yicheng County Xiangfen County Hongtong County Gu County Anze County Fushan County Ji County Xiangning County Pu County Daning County Yonghe County Xi County Fenxi County

Lüliang

Lishi District Xiaoyi
Xiaoyi
City Fenyang
Fenyang
City Wenshui County Zhongyang County Xing County Lin County Fangshan County Liulin County Lan County Jiaokou County Jiaocheng County Shilou County

v t e

Metropolitan cities of China

Major Metropolitan regions

Jingjinji
Jingjinji
(JJJ) Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
(PRD) / Yuegang'ao Greater Bay Area Yangtze River Delta
Yangtze River Delta
(YRD)

Central Plain (Zhongyuan) Chengyu Cross-Strait Western Coast Guanzhong Mid-Southern Liaoning Shandong
Shandong
Peninsula Yangtze River Mid-Reaches (Yangtze River Valley)

Major Cities

National Central Cities

Beijinga Chongqinga Guangzhoub2 Shanghaia2 Tianjina2

Special
Special
Administrative Regions

Hong Kong Macau

Regional Central Cities

Chengdub Nanjingb Shenyangb Shenzhenc1 Wuhanb Xi'anb

Sub-provincial cities

Changchunb Chengdub Dalianc2 Guangzhoub2 Hangzhoub Harbinb Jinanb Nanjingb Ningboc2 Qingdaoc2 Shenyangb Shenzhenc1 Wuhanb Xi'anb Xiamenc1

Provincial capitals (Prefecture-level)

Changsha Fuzhou2 Guiyang Haikou Hefei Kunming Lanzhou Nanchang Shijiazhuang Taiyuan Xining Zhengzhou Taibei5

Autonomous regional capitals

Hohhot Lhasa Nanning Ürümqi Yinchuan

Comparatively large cities

Anshan Baotou Benxi Datong Fushun Handan Huainan Jilin Luoyang Suzhou Tangshan Qiqihar Wuxi Xuzhou Zibo

Prefecture-level cities
Prefecture-level cities
by Province

Hebei

Shijiazhuang* Tangshan* Qinhuangdao2 Handan* Xingtai Baoding Zhangjiakou Chengde Cangzhou Langfang Hengshui

Shanxi

Taiyuan* Datong* Yangquan Changzhi Jincheng Shuozhou Jinzhong Yuncheng Xinzhou Linfen Lüliang

Inner Mongolia

Hohhot* Baotou* Wuhai Chifeng Tongliao Ordos Hulunbuir Bayannur Ulanqab

Liaoning

Shenyang* Dalian* Anshan* Fushun* Benxi* Dandong Jinzhou Yingkou Fuxin Liaoyang Panjin Tieling Chaoyang Huludao

Jilin

Changchun* Jilin Siping Liaoyuan Tonghua Baishan Songyuan Baicheng

Heilongjiang

Harbin* Qiqihar* Jixi Hegang Shuangyashan Daqing Yīchun Jiamusi Qitaihe Mudanjiang Heihe Suihua

Jiangsu

Nanjing* Wuxi* Xuzhou* Changzhou Suzhou* Nantong Lianyungang2 Huai'an Yancheng Yangzhou Zhenjiang Tàizhou Suqian

Zhejiang

Hangzhou* Ningbo* Wenzhou2 Jiaxing Huzhou Shaoxing Jinhua Quzhou Zhoushan Tāizhou Lìshui

Anhui

Hefei* Wuhu Bengbu Huainan* Ma'anshan Huaibei Tongling Anqing Huangshan Chuzhou Fùyang Sùzhou Lu'an Bozhou Chizhou Xuancheng

Fujian

Fúzhou* Xiamen* Putian Sanming Quanzhou Zhangzhou Nanping Longyan Ningde

Jiangxi

Nanchang* Jingdezhen Píngxiang Jiujiang Xinyu Yingtan Ganzhou Jí'ān Yíchun Fǔzhou Shangrao

Shandong

Jinan* Qingdao* Zibo* Zaozhuang Dongying Yantai2 Weifang Jĭning Tai'an Weihai Rizhao Laiwu Linyi Dezhou Liaocheng Binzhou Heze

Henan

Zhengzhou* Kaifeng Luoyang* Pingdingshan Anyang Hebi Xinxiang Jiaozuo Puyang Xuchang Luohe Sanmenxia Nanyang Shangqiu Xinyang Zhoukou Zhumadian

Hubei

Wuhan* Huangshi Shiyan Yichang Xiangyang Ezhou Jingmen Xiaogan Jinzhou Huanggang Xianning Suizhou

Hunan

Changsha* Zhuzhou Xiangtan Hengyang Shaoyang Yueyang Changde Zhangjiajie Yiyang Chenzhou Yongzhou Huaihua Loudi

Guangdong

Guangzhou* Shaoguan Shenzhen* Zhuhai1 Shantou1 Foshan Jiangmen Zhanjiang2 Maoming Zhaoqing Huizhou Meizhou Shanwei Heyuan Yangjiang Qingyuan Dongguan Zhongshan Chaozhou Jieyang Yunfu

Guangxi

Nanning* Liuzhou Guilin Wuzhou Beihai2 Fangchenggang Qinzhou Guigang Yùlin Baise Hezhou Hechi Laibin Chongzuo

Hainan1

Haikou* Sanya Sansha4 Danzhou

Sichuan

Chengdu* Zigong Panzhihua Luzhou Deyang Mianyang Guangyuan Suining Neijiang Leshan Nanchong Meishan Yibin Guang'an Dazhou Ya'an Bazhong Ziyang

Guizhou

Guiyang* Liupanshui Zunyi Anshun Bijie Tongren

Yunnan

Kunming* Qujing Yuxi Baoshan Zhaotong Lìjiang Pu'er Lincang

Tibet

Lhasa* Shigatse Chamdo Nyingchi Shannan

Shaanxi

Xi'an* Tongchuan Baoji Xianyang Weinan Yan'an Hanzhong Yúlin Ankang Shangluo

Gansu

Lanzhou* Jiayuguan Jinchang Baiyin Tianshui Wuwei Zhangye Pingliang Jiuquan Qingyang Dingxi Longnan

Qinghai

Xining* Haidong

Ningxia

Yinchuan* Shizuishan Wuzhong Guyuan Zhongwei

Xinjiang

Ürümqi* Karamay Turpan Hami

Taiwan5

(none)

Other cities (partly shown below)

Prefecture-level capitals (County-level)

(Inner Mongolia: Ulanhot Xilinhot) Jiagedaqi3, Heilongjiang Enshi, Hubei Jishou, Hunan (Sichuan:Xichang Kangding Barkam) (Guizhou: Xingyi Kaili Duyun) (Yunnan: Chuxiong Mengzi Wenshan Jinghong Dali Mangshi Shangri-La Lushui) (Gansu: Linxia Hezuo) (Qinghai: Yushu Delingha) (Xinjiang: Changji Bole Korla Yining Artux Aksu Kashgar1 Hotan Tacheng Altay)

Province-governed cities (Sub-prefecture-level)

Jiyuan, Henan (Hubei: Xiantao Qiánjiang Tianmen Shennongjia) (Hainan1: Wuzhishan Qionghai Wenchang Wanning Dongfang) ( Xinjiang
Xinjiang
- XPCC(Bingtuan) cities: Shihezi Aral Tumxuk Wujiaqu Beitun Tiemenguan Shuanghe Kokdala Kunyu)

Former Prefecture-level cities

Chaohu, Anhui Yumen,Gansu Dongchuan, Yunnan Shashi, Hubei (Sichuan: Fuling Wanxian) (Jilin: Meihekou Gongzhuling)

Sub-prefecture-level cities (Prefecture-governed)

Qian'an, Hebei Manzhouli, Inner Mongolia Erenhot, Inner Mongolia Golmud, Qinghai

County-level cities
County-level cities
by Province

Hebei

Xinji Jinzhou Xinle Zunhua Qian'an* Wu'an Nangong Shahe Zhuozhou Dingzhou Anguo Gaobeidian Botou Renqiu Huanghua Hejian Bazhou Sanhe Shenzhou

Shanxi

Gujiao Lucheng Gaoping Jiexiu Yongji Hejin Yuanping Houma Huozhou Xiaoyi Fenyang

Inner Mongolia

Holingol Manzhouli* Yakeshi Zhalantun Ergun Genhe Fengzhen Ulanhot* Arxan Erenhot* Xilinhot*

Liaoning

Xinmin Wafangdian Zhuanghe Haicheng Donggang Fengcheng Linghai Beizhen Gaizhou Dashiqiao Dengta Diaobingshan Kaiyuan Beipiao Lingyuan Xingcheng

Jilin

Yushu Dehui Jiaohe Huadian Shulan Panshi Gongzhuling Shuangliao Meihekou Ji'an Linjiang Fuyu Taonan Da'an Yanji Tumen Dunhua Hunchun Longjing Helong

Heilongjiang

Shangzhi Wuchang Nehe Hulin Mishan Tieli Tongjiang Fujin Fuyuan Suifenhe Hailin Ning'an Muling Dongning Bei'an Wudalianchi Anda Zhaodong Hailun

Jiangsu

Jiangyin Yixing Xinyi Pizhou Liyang Changshu Zhangjiagang Kunshan Taicang Qidong Rugao Haimen Dongtai Yizheng Gaoyou Danyang Yangzhong Jurong Jingjiang Taixing Xinghua

Zhejiang

Jiande Lin'an Yuyao Cixi Fenghua Rui'an Yueqing Haining Pinghu Tongxiang Zhuji Shengzhou Lanxi Yiwu Dongyang Yongkang Jiangshan Wenling Linhai Longquan

Anhui

Chaohu Jieshou Tongcheng Tianchang Mingguang Ningguo

Fujian

Fuqing Changle Yong'an Shishi Jinjiang Nan'an Longhai Shaowu Wuyishan Jian'ou Zhangping Fu'an Fuding

Jiangxi

Leping Ruichang Gongqingcheng Lushan Guixi Ruijin Jinggangshan Fengcheng Zhangshu Gao'an Dexing

Shandong

Zhangqiu Jiaozhou Jimo Pingdu Laixi Tengzhou Longkou Laiyang Laizhou Penglai Zhaoyuan Qixia Haiyang Qingzhou Zhucheng Shouguang Anqiu Gaomi Changyi Qufu Zoucheng Xintai Feicheng Rongcheng Rushan Laoling Yucheng Linqing

Henan

Gongyi Xingyang Xinmi Xinzheng Dengfeng Yanshi Wugang Ruzhou Linzhou Weihui Huixian Qinyang Mengzhou Yuzhou Changge Yima Lingbao Dengzhou Yongcheng Xiangcheng Jiyuan*

Hubei

Daye Danjiangkou Yidu Dangyang Zhijiang Laohekou Zaoyang Yicheng Zhongxiang Yingcheng Anlu Hanchuan Shishou Honghu Songzi Macheng Wuxue Chibi Guangshui Enshi* Lichuan Xiantao* Qianjiang* Tianmen*

Hunan

Liuyang Liling Xiangxiang Shaoshan Leiyang Changning Wugang Miluo Linxiang Jinshi Yuanjiang Zixing Hongjiang Lengshuijiang Lianyuan Jishou*

Guangdong

Lechang Nanxiong Taishan Kaiping Heshan Enping Lianjiang Leizhou Wuchuan Gaozhou Huazhou Xinyi Sihui Xingning Lufeng Yangchun Yingde Lianzhou Puning Luoding

Guangxi

Cenxi Dongxing Guiping Beiliu Jingxi Yizhou Heshan Pingxiang

Hainan

Wuzhishan* Qionghai* Wenchang* Wanning* Dongfang*

Sichuan

Dujiangyan Pengzhou Qionglai Chongzhou Jianyang Guanghan Shifang Mianzhu Jiangyou Emeishan Langzhong Huaying Wanyuan Barkam* Kangding* Xichang*

Guizhou

Qingzhen Chishui Renhuai Xingyi* Kaili* Duyun* Fuquan

Yunnan

Anning Xuanwei Tengchong Chuxiong* Mengzi* Gejiu Kaiyuan Mile Wenshan* Jinghong* Dali* Ruili Mangshi* Lushui* Shangri-La*

Tibet

(none)

Shaanxi

Xingping Hancheng Huayin

Gansu

Yumen Dunhuang Linxia* Hezuo*

Qinghai

Yushu* Golmud* Delingha*

Ningxia

Lingwu Qingtongxia

Xinjiang

Changji* Fukang Bole* Alashankou Korla* Aksu* Artux* Kashgar* Hotan* Yining* Kuytun Korgas Tacheng* Wusu Altay* Shihezi* Aral* Tumxuk* Wujiaqu* Beitun* Tiemenguan* Shuanghe* Kokdala* Kunyu*

Taiwan5

(none)

Notes

* Indicates this city has already occurred above. aDirect-controlled Municipalities. bSub-provincial cities as provincial capitals. cSeparate state-planning cities. 1Special Economic Zone Cities. 2Coastal development cities. 3Prefecture capital status established by Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
Province and not recognized by Ministry of Civil Affairs. Disputed by Oroqen Autonomous Banner, Hulunbuir, Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
as part of it. 4Only administers islands and waters in South China
China
Sea and have no urban core comparable to typical cities in China. 5The claimed province of Taiwan
Taiwan
no longer have any internal division announced by Ministry of Civil Affairs of PRC, due to lack of actual jurisdiction. See Template:Administrative divisions of the Republic of China
China
instead. All provincial capitals are listed first in prefecture-level cities by province.

v t e

Provincial capitals of China

Changchun
Changchun
(Jilin) Changsha
Changsha
(Hunan) Chengdu
Chengdu
(Sichuan) Fuzhou
Fuzhou
(Fujian) Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Guangdong) Guiyang
Guiyang
(Guizhou) Haikou
Haikou
(Hainan) Hangzhou
Hangzhou
(Zhejiang) Harbin
Harbin
(Heilongjiang) Hefei
Hefei
(Anhui) Hohhot
Hohhot
(Inner Mongolia) Jinan
Jinan
(Shandong) Kunming
Kunming
(Yunnan) Lanzhou
Lanzhou
(Gansu) Lhasa (Tibet) Nanchang
Nanchang
(Jiangxi) Nanjing
Nanjing
(Jiangsu) Nanning
Nanning
(Guangxi) Shenyang
Shenyang
(Liaoning) Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
(Hebei) Taibei¹ (Taiwan¹) Taiyuan
Taiyuan
(Shanxi) Ürümqi
Ürümqi
(Xinjiang) Wuhan
Wuhan
(Hubei) Xi'an
Xi'an
(Shaanxi) Xining
Xining
(Qinghai) Yinchuan
Yinchuan
(Ningxia) Zhengzhou
Zhengzhou
(Henan)

Note: Taiwan
Taiwan
is claimed by the People's Republic of China
China
but administered by the Republic of China
China
(see Political status of Taiwan).

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 248714757 GND: 4477503-9 BNF: cb11941017n (d

.