The Taiwan Provincial Government was the government that governed Taiwan Province of the Republic of China. Its functions have been transferred to the National Development Council and other ministries of the Executive Yuan.


At the end of World War II, Japan surrendered on August 15, 1945. The Nationalist government started the process to takeover Taiwan on behalf of the Allies. The Taiwan Provincial Administrative Office was established by the Executive Yuan in Chungking on September 1, 1945. The office moved to Taipei on October 25, 1945. After the February 28 incident in 1947, the Executive Yuan decided to restructure the Provincial Administrative Office as a provincial government. On May 16, 1947, the Taiwan Provincial Government was established. As the Republic of China progressively lost control of mainland China to Communist Party forces in the late 1940s and early 1950s, the national government relocated to Taiwan in late 1949. However, Taiwan continued to be governed by a provincial government even though from 1955 it was one of only two provincial governments still functioning (the other being Fujian province, controlling some islands off the mainland coast). The remainder of Fujian province still under Republic of China control was placed under military administration in 1956, and its provincial government was downsized and relocated to Taiwan island. This left Taiwan province as the only fully functioning provincial government. From 1967, a number of major cities in Taiwan were elevated to special municipalities directly controlled by the national government, and moved outside the jurisdiction of Taiwan province. Since 1998, the provincial government has been downsized and its major functions transferred to the Executive Yuan. The counties and cities under the province are administered directly by the central government since then. In July 2018, all of the provincial government's remaining duties and functions were transferred to the National Development Council and other ministries of the Executive Yuan. However, the position of the Chairman of the Provincial Government is retained to comply with the Constitution.

Historical government buildings

Historically, before the provincial government's duties and functions were handed to the Executive Yuan in July 2018, the provincial government was located in Taipei from 1947 to 1956, and in Zhongxing New Village from 1957 to July 2018.

Governor of Taiwan

Official titles of the governor

List of Governors


See also

* Taiwan Provincial Consultative Council * Fujian Provincial Government


External links

* {{Commons category-inline|Taiwan Provincial Government Category:1947 establishments in Taiwan Category:2018 disestablishments in Taiwan Category:Defunct organizations based in Taiwan Category:Government agencies disestablished in 2018 Category:Local governments of the Republic of China