Taipei (臺北) is a railway station in Taipei, Taiwan served by TRA, Taiwan High Speed Rail and Taipei Metro, where it is known as Taipei Main station (臺北車站). The station is a major hub, handling over half a million passengers daily on conventional rail, metro, and high-speed rail. By the number of travellers, at around 213 million per year, it is the 25th busiest station in the world and the busiest outside Japan in Asia. It is served by the fastest HSR express services of the 1 series.
The station and its surroundings are currently undergoing intensive renovation and redevelopment. Projects include the Taoyuan Airport MRT System which had started services in March 2017.
The four-level station is located in the Zhongzheng District in downtown Taipei. The underground station area south of the station is known as "station front" because the original railway station's main entrance faced south. Accordingly, the area just north of the station is known as "station rear." The station rear area is actually located in the Datong District. The commercial districts around the station are popular with students and commuters, and boast a large collection of bookstores, eclectic businesses targeting students, and cram schools. Because of its location at what is roughly considered the center of Taipei, the station is a popular meeting point for students and tourists.
The station itself is a large building which houses multiple rail services as well as serving as the headquarters of the Taiwan Railways Administration. The railway platforms are located on the B2 level, while the B1 level serves as a waiting area. Ticketing services are on the first floor while the second floor contains a food court and several stores, including the shopping center (Breeze Taipei Station). The upper levels are occupied by TRA offices.
|■ Taiwan High Speed Rail (southbound)||Toward Banqiao, Taoyuan, Taichung, Zuoying|
|■ Taiwan High Speed Rail (northbound)||Toward Nangang|
|5||N/A||■ Through services||Trains do not stop here|
|■ West Coast line (southbound)||Toward Banqiao, Hsinchu, Taichung, Chiayi, Kaohsiung, Pingtung|
|■ West Coast line (northbound, through traffic)||Toward Banqiao, Shulin|
|■ West Coast line (northbound)||Toward Songshan, Xizhi, Qidu, Keelung|
|■ West Coast line (southbound, through traffic and cross-line)||Toward Yilan, Hualien, Taitung, Kaohsiung (through the South-link line)|
|1||■ Red line
(northbound, through traffic)
|■ Red line
(northbound, through traffic)
|2||■ Red line (southbound, through traffic)||Toward Xiangshan|
|■ Red line (southbound, through traffic)||Toward Daan|
|3||■ Blue line (Eastbound)||Toward Taipei Nangang Exhibition Center|
|4||■ Blue line (Westbound)||Toward Far Eastern Hospital|
|■ Blue line (Westbound)||Toward Dingpu|
|Taiwan Railways Administration
|Taiwan Railways Administration, Scheduling Control Center
TRA Employee Rooms
YMCA, other private companies (Rented)
|2F||Retail Level||Taipei Station Breeze Center, Food Court (Elevator at East Entrance 2)|
TRA/THSR ticketing, automatic ticket machines, tourism counter
TRA Information Office, TRA Station Manager Office, railway police
TRA information desk, THSR police, THSR military police
|TRA Entrance/Exit, Guard|
|TRA Luggage Office||TRA Parcel Center (Separate structure)|
|B1||Concourse||THSR ticketing, TRA/THSR automatic ticketing, ticket gates, waiting area
|Parking lot, Military Transportation Service|
|Connects to B1 of the Taipei Metro|
|Underground passageway||Zhongshan Metro Mall, Taipei Underground Market, Eslite Taipei Station, restrooms|
|Connects to B1 of TRA/THSR, Taipei Bus Station|
|B2||Metro Lobby||Information desk, faregates, restrooms (Inside fare area)
Red line, Blue line transfer area, escalators to platforms
|Metro Control Center briefing rooms
|2A||TRA Control Level||TRA Traffic Room, Central Station Monitoring Center|
|2B||Platform 1A||THSR toward Zuoying (Banqiao)|
|Platform 1B||THSR toward Zuoying (Banqiao)|
|Platform 2A||THSR toward Nangang|
|Platform 2B||THSR toward Nangang|
|Fifth track||West Coast line does not stop here|
|Platform 3A||West Coast line toward Taichung, Kaohsiung (Wanhua)|
|Platform 3B||West Coast line toward Shulin (Wanhua)|
|Platform 4A||West Coast line toward Keelung (Songshan)|
|Platform 4B||West Coast line toward Yilan, Hualien, Taitung (Songshan)|
|TRA Offices Level||Staff training classroom|
(Transfer to Metro
|TRA/THSR ticketing, automatic ticket machines, ticket gates
Escalator to B2 - TRA/THSR platforms
|Metro faregates, information desk, lost and found, gallery
Restrooms (inside and outside fare zone), Automatic ticket dispensing machines
|Platform 3||← Bannan line toward Taipei Nangang Exhibition Center (BL13 Shandao Temple)|
|Island platform, doors open on the left|
|Platform 4||→ Bannan line toward Dingpu / Far Eastern Hospital (BL11 Ximen) →|
|High-Capacity Traffic Control Center
(Another traffic center exists)
|B4||Platform 1||← Tamsui–Xinyi line toward Tamsui / Beitou (R11 Zhongshan)|
|Island platform, doors open on the left|
|Platform 2||→ Tamsui–Xinyi line toward Xiangshan / Daan (R09 NTU Hospital) →|
The first rail station in Taipei was completed in Twatutia in 1891, during Qing rule, when the railway to Keelung was opened for service. Initially, a temporary station was built while a permanent station was constructed in 1897, during Japanese rule (1895-1945). In 1901, the station was located to the east of its current location. It was rebuilt in 1940 to accommodate growing passenger traffic.
To alleviate traffic congestion caused by railroad crossings in downtown Taipei, an underground railway tunnel between Huashan and Wanhua was built along with the present station building as part of the Taipei Railway Underground Project. When the underground system was completed on 2 September 1989, railway service was moved to the newly completed building (completed on 5 September 1989) and the old building as well as a temporary station were demolished.
The current station was further expanded with the opening of the Taipei Metro. The metro station is connected to the basement of the railway station and opened to passenger traffic in 1997 to the Tamsui–Xinyi line. Extensive underground malls now exist at the front and back of the station, which emulate those found in Tokyo and Osaka, Japan. The station also became a terminus for Taiwan High Speed Rail trains when the network began service in 2007.
Taipei Station and the area surrounding it have been undergoing renovation since 2005. Japanese architect Fumihiko Maki was chosen to design two skyscrapers that will surround the railroad station. Maki will also oversee the renovation of Taipei Station. The height of the taller tower will be 76 stories, whereas the shorter tower will be 56 stories. The two skyscrapers will be constructed on empty parcels found adjacent to Taipei Station, above the Taoyuan Airport MRT station.
The station interior underwent renovation work from February to October 2011. Basement restrooms were renovated, the basement and first floor preparations for additional Breeze Plaza retail space began, the large ticket office in the first floor lobby was removed, and additional retail space was allocated. In addition, the flooring on the first floor was completely replaced, fire and evacuation regulations were improved, and solar panels will be installed on the station roof.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Taipei Station.|
|Preceding station||Taiwan Railways Administration||Following station|
|West Coast line||
|Preceding station||Taiwan High Speed Rail||Following station|
|Taiwan High Speed Rail||Banqiao
|Preceding station||Taipei Metro||Following station|
toward Taipei Nangang Exhib.
|Preceding station||Taoyuan Metro||Following station|
|Terminus||Taoyuan Airport MRT
Transfer at: Taipei Main station