A TEHSIL (also known as a MANDAL, TALUK, TALUQ or TALUKA) is an
administrative division of some countries of
As an entity of local government , the tehsil office (Panchayat Samiti ) exercises certain fiscal and administrative power over the villages and municipalities within its jurisdiction. It is the ultimate executive agency for land records and related administrative matters. The chief official is called the tahsildar or, less officially, the talukdar or taluka muktiarkar or Tehsildar. Taluk or Tehsil can be said sub districts in Indian (Bharat) context. In some instances, Tehsils overlap with "Blocks" (Panchayat union blocks or Panchayat development blocks), Tehsil comes under the Land and Revenue department headed by Tehsildar and Blocks come under the Rural development department headed by the Block Development Officer and serve the different government administrative function over the same or similar geographical area.
Although they may on occasion share the same area with a subdivision of a revenue divisions, known as revenue blocks , the two are distinct. For example, Raipur district in Chhattisgarh state is administratively divided into 13 tehsils and 15 revenue blocks. Nevertheless, the two are often conflated.
Tehsil/tahsil and taluka and their variants are used as English words
without further translation. Since these terms are unfamiliar to
English speakers outside the subcontinent , the word county has
sometimes been provided as a gloss , on the basis that a tehsil, like
a county, is an administrative unit hierarchically above the local
city, town, or village, but subordinate to a larger state or province.
See also: Tehsils of
Throughout India, there is a three-tier local body/Panchayat Raj system within the state. Tehsil/taluka/mandal is the second layer of this system. Above them are the districts/zilla and below them are the gram panchayats /villages. Note the term Sub-Division has a special meaning in India, which is roughly equal to tehsil.
In India, the term tehsil is used to some extent in all states. In
some, such as Gujarat, Karnataka and Maharashtra, taluka is more
common. The word MANDAL is used predominately in the Indian states of
In Pakistan, the term tehsil is generally used except in
* ^ The main purpose of the census is to provide data on size and
composition of population of