A TEHSIL (also known as a MANDAL, TALUK, TALUQ or TALUKA) is an
administrative division of some countries of
As an entity of local government , the tehsil office (Panchayat
Samiti ) exercises certain fiscal and administrative power over the
villages and municipalities within its jurisdiction. It is the
ultimate executive agency for land records and related administrative
matters. The chief official is called the tahsildar or, less
officially, the talukdar or taluka muktiarkar or Tehsildar. Taluk or
Although they may on occasion share the same area with a subdivision of a revenue divisions, known as revenue blocks , the two are distinct. For example, Raipur district in Chhattisgarh state is administratively divided into 13 tehsils and 15 revenue blocks. Nevertheless, the two are often conflated.
Tehsil/tahsil and taluka and their variants are used as English words
without further translation. Since these terms are unfamiliar to
English speakers outside the subcontinent , the word county has
sometimes been provided as a gloss , on the basis that a tehsil, like
a county, is an administrative unit hierarchically above the local
city, town, or village, but subordinate to a larger state or province.
See also: Tehsils of
Throughout India, there is a three-tier local body/Panchayat Raj system within the state. Tehsil/taluka/mandal is the second layer of this system. Above them are the districts/zilla and below them are the gram panchayats /villages. Note the term Sub-Division has a special meaning in India, which is roughly equal to tehsil.
In India, the term tehsil is used to some extent in all states. In
some, such as Gujarat, Karnataka and Maharashtra, taluka is more
common. The word MANDAL is used predominately in the Indian states of
See also: Subdivisions of Pakistan
In Pakistan, the term tehsil is generally used except in
In Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa , tehsil has the same meaning as above, except in Malakand Division , where a district (zila/zillah) has two or more subdivisions and a subdivision has two or more tehsils. The subdivisions in Malakand Division are the same as tehsils in the rest of the country.
* ^ The main purpose of the census is to provide data on size and
composition of population of