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The Tagus
Tagus
(/ˈteɪɡəs/; Spanish: Tajo, [ˈtaxo]; Portuguese: Tejo, [ˈtɛʒu]) is the longest river in the Iberian Peninsula. It is 1,007 km (626 mi) long, 716 km (445 mi) in Spain, 47 km (29 mi) along the border between Portugal
Portugal
and Spain and 275 km (171 mi) in Portugal, where it empties into the Atlantic Ocean near Lisbon. It drains an area of 80,100 square kilometers (30,927 sq mi) (the second largest in the Iberian peninsula after the Douro). The Tagus
Tagus
is highly utilized for most of its course. Several dams and diversions supply drinking water to places of central Spain
Spain
and Portugal, while dozens of hydroelectric stations create power. Between dams it follows a very constricted course, but after Almourol it enters a vast alluvial valley prone to flooding. At its mouth is a large estuary on which the port city of Lisbon
Lisbon
is situated. The source of the Tagus
Tagus
is the Fuente de García, in the Frías de Albarracín municipal term, Montes Universales, Sistema Ibérico, Sierra de Albarracín Comarca. All its major tributaries enter the Tagus
Tagus
from the right (north) bank. The main cities it passes through are Aranjuez, Toledo, Talavera de la Reina
Talavera de la Reina
and Alcántara
Alcántara
in Spain, and Abrantes, Santarém, Almada
Almada
and Lisbon
Lisbon
in Portugal.

Contents

1 Course

1.1 In Spain 1.2 In Portugal

2 Geology 3 History 4 Popular culture 5 See also 6 Notes

Course[edit] In Spain[edit]

Confluence of the Guadarrama and Tagus
Tagus
rivers

The first notable city on the Tagus
Tagus
is Sacedón. Below Aranjuez
Aranjuez
it receives the combined flow of the Jarama, Henares, Algodor and Tajuña. Below Toledo it receives the Guadarrama River. Above Talavera de la Reina it receives the Alberche. At Valdeverdeja
Valdeverdeja
is the upper end of the long upper reservoir, the Embalse de Valdecañas, beyond which are the Embalse de Torrejon, into which flow the Tiétar, and the lower reservoir, the Alcántara
Alcántara
Dam into which flows the Alagón at the lower end. There is a canal and aqueduct between the Tagus
Tagus
and the Segura. In Portugal[edit] After forming the border it enters Portugal, passing Vila Velha de Ródão, Abrantes, Constância, Entroncamento, Santarém and Vila Franca de Xira at the head of the long narrow estuary, which has Lisbon
Lisbon
at its mouth. The estuary is protected by the Tagus
Tagus
Estuary Natural Reserve. There is a large bridge across the river, the Vasco da Gama Bridge, which with a total length of 17.2 km (10.7 mi) is the longest bridge in Europe. The Port of Lisbon, located at its mouth, is one of Europe's busiest. The Portuguese Alentejo region and former Ribatejo Province
Ribatejo Province
take their names from the river; Alentejo, from além Tejo "Beyond the Tagus" and Ribatejo from arriba Tejo, an archaic way of saying "Upper Tagus". In Spanish Riba means land beside a river or shore along of a river. Then Ribatejo should mean "The land beside the Tejo" or "The shore of the Tejo" you can see too many samples of towns in Spain
Spain
with this prefix. Geology[edit] The lower Tagus
Tagus
is on a fault line. Slippage along it has caused numerous earthquakes, the major ones being those of 1309, 1531 and 1755.[1] History[edit]

Tagus
Tagus
river seen from the Castle of Almourol

The Pepper Wreck, properly the wreck of the Nossa Senhora dos Mártires, is a shipwreck located and excavated at the mouth of the Tagus
Tagus
between 1996 and 2001. The river had strategic value to the Spanish and Portuguese empires, as it guarded the approach to Lisbon. For example, in 1587, Francis Drake briefly approached the river after his successful raid at Cadiz.[2] Popular culture[edit] A major river, the Tagus
Tagus
is brought to mind in the songs and stories of the Portuguese. A popular fado song in Lisbon
Lisbon
notes that while people get older, the Tagus
Tagus
remains young ("My hair getting white, the Tagus
Tagus
is always young"). The author, Fernando Pessoa, wrote a poem that begins:

"The Tagus
Tagus
is more beautiful than the river that flows through my village. But the Tagus
Tagus
is not more beautiful than the river that flows through my village..."[3]

Richard Crashaw's poem "Saint Mary Magdalene, or the Weeper" refers to the "Golden" Tagus
Tagus
as wanting Mary Magdalene's silver tears. In classical poetry the Tagus
Tagus
was famous for its gold-bearing sands ( Catullus
Catullus
29.19, Ovid, Amores, 1.15.34, Juvenal, Satires, 3.55, etc.). See also[edit]

List of rivers of Spain List of rivers of Portugal

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tagus
Tagus
River.

Notes[edit]

^ Hobbs, William Herbert (1907). Earthquakes: An Introduction to Seismic Geology. NewYork: D. Appleton and Company. pp. 142–144.  Downloadable Google Books ^ Garrett Mattingly. The Armada. pp. 118–119.  ^ Pessoa, Fernando; Richard Zenith, Translator (1999). Fernando Pessoa and Co.: Selected Poems. Grove Press. p. 55. ISBN 9780802136275. 

Coordinates: 40°19′11″N 1°41′51″W / 40.31972°N 1.69750°W / 40.31972; -1.69750

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 243468

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