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Tagbanwa, also known as Apurahuano, is one of the writing systems of the Philippines. The Tagbanwa languages (Aborlan, Calamian and Central), which are Austronesian languages with about 25,000 total speakers[citation needed] in the central and northern regions of Palawan, are dying out as the younger generations of Tagbanwa are learning Cuyonon and Tagalog.

Contents

1 Origin 2 Features

2.1 Vowels 2.2 Consonants

3 Unicode 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Origin[edit] The Tagbanwa script
Tagbanwa script
was used in the Philippines
Philippines
until the 17th century. Closely related to Baybayin, it is believed to have come from the Kawi script
Kawi script
of Java, Bali
Bali
and Sumatra, which in turn, descended from the Pallava
Pallava
script, one of the southern Indian scripts derived from Brahmi.[1] Features[edit] Tagbanwa is a syllabic alphabet in which each consonant has an inherent vowel /a/. Other vowels are indicated by a diacritic above (for /i/) or below (for /u/) the consonant.[2] Vowels at the beginning of syllables are represented by their own, independent characters. Syllables ending in a consonant are written without the final consonant.[3] Tagbanwa is traditionally written on bamboo in vertical columns from bottom to top and left to right. Though it is read from left to right in horizontal lines.[1]

Vowels[edit]

Tagbanwa Vowels[3]

Initial Dependent

transcription a i u i u

letter ᝠ ᝡ ᝢ ᝲ ᝳ

Consonants[edit]

Tagbanwa Syllables[3]

transcription k g ng t d n p b m y l w s

consonant + a ᝣ ᝤ ᝥ ᝦ ᝧ ᝨ ᝩ ᝪ ᝫ ᝬ ᝮ ᝯ ᝰ

consonant + i ᝣᝲ ᝤᝲ ᝥᝲ ᝦᝲ ᝧᝲ ᝨᝲ ᝩᝲ ᝪᝲ ᝫᝲ ᝬᝲ ᝮᝲ ᝯᝲ ᝰᝲ

consonant + u ᝣᝳ ᝤᝳ ᝥᝳ ᝦᝳ ᝧᝳ ᝨᝳ ᝩᝳ ᝪᝳ ᝫᝳ ᝬᝳ ᝮᝳ ᝯᝳ ᝰᝳ

Buhid writing makes use of single (᜵) and double (᜶) punctuation marks.[3] Unicode[edit] Main article: Tagbanwa ( Unicode
Unicode
block) Tagbanwa script
Tagbanwa script
was added to the Unicode
Unicode
Standard in March, 2002 with the release of version 3.2. The Unicode
Unicode
block for Tagbanwa is U+1760–U+177F:

Tagbanwa[1][2] Official Unicode
Unicode
Consortium code chart (PDF)

  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F

U+176x ᝠ ᝡ ᝢ ᝣ ᝤ ᝥ ᝦ ᝧ ᝨ ᝩ ᝪ ᝫ ᝬ

ᝮ ᝯ

U+177x ᝰ

ᝲ ᝳ

Notes

1.^ As of Unicode
Unicode
version 10.0 2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points

See also[edit]

Baybayin Buhid script Hanunó'o script Kulitan Kawi script Filipino orthography

References[edit]

^ a b Omniglot: Tagbanwa. Accessed October 13, 2016. ^ Everson, Michael (1998-11-23). "N1933 Revised proposal for encoding the Philippine scripts in the UCS" (PDF).  ^ a b c d "Chapter 17: Indonesia and Oceania". The Unicode
Unicode
Standard, Version 10.0 (PDF). Mountain View, CA: Unicode, Inc. June 2017. ISBN 978-1-936213-16-0. 

External links[edit]

Tagbanwa font

v t e

Kawi family

Members

Balinese Batak Baybayin Buhid Hanunó'o Javanese Lontara Sundanese Rejang Tagbanwa

Related

Grantha Vatteluttu Brahmic family

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Baybayin Buhid Eskayan Hanunó'o Kulitan Tagbanwa Latin

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