TAEL (/ˈteɪl/ ; simplified Chinese : 两; traditional Chinese : 兩; pinyin : liǎng) or TAHIL can refer to any one of several weight measures of the Far East . Most commonly, it refers to the Chinese tael, a part of the Chinese system of weights and currency .
* 1 Names and etymology
* 2 Historical usage
* 3 Current usage
* 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links
NAMES AND ETYMOLOGY
The English word tael comes through Portuguese from the Malay word tahil, meaning "weight". Early English forms of the name such as "tay" or "taes" derive from the Portuguese plural of tael, taeis.
TAHIL (/ˈtɑːhɪl/ in
Singaporean English ) is used in Malay and
English today when referring to the weight in
In Chinese, tael is written 兩 (simplified Chinese: 两) and has the Mandarin Chinese pronunciation in pinyin: liǎng. In Chinese and Vietnamese, the phrase "half a catty, eight taels" (Chinese: 半斤八兩; Vietnamese:kẻ tám lạng người nửa cân), meaning two different presentations of the same thing (similar to the English phrase "Six of one and half-a-dozen of the other"), is still often used today.
Japanese Edo era tael weights for balance scales , made of bronze . In descending size, 30, 20, 10, 5, 4, 3, and 2 tael weights.
In China, there were many different weighting standards of tael depending on the region or type of trade. In general the silver tael weighed around 40 grams (1.3 ozt). The most common government measure was the Kuping (庫平; kùpíng; "treasury standard") tael, weighing 37.5 grams (1.21 ozt). A common commercial weight, the Caoping (漕平; cáopíng; "canal shipping standard") tael weighed 36.7 grams (1.18 ozt) of marginally less pure silver.
As in China,
Traditional Chinese silver sycees and other currencies of fine metals
were not denominated or made by a central mint and their value was
determined by their weight in taels. They were made by individual
silversmiths for local exchange, and as such the shape and amount of
extra detail on each ingot were highly variable; square and oval
shapes were common but "boat", flower, tortoise and others are known.
The local tael also took precedence over any central measure, so the
Canton tael weighed 37.5 grams, the Convention or
Modern studies suggest that, on purchasing power parity basis, one
tael of silver was worth about 4130 RMB (modern Chinese yuan) in the
The Thai equivalent of the tael is known as the tamlueng , a term derived from Khmer . It was used as a unit of currency equal to four baht , and as a unit of weight is now standardised at 60 grams.
The tael is still in use as a weight measurement in a number of countries though usually only in limited contexts.
China's standardised market tael (Chinese: 市两; pinyin: shìliǎng) of 31.25 g was modified by the People\'s Republic of China in 1959. The new market tael was 50 g or 1⁄10 catty (500 g) to make it compatible with metric measures. (see Chinese unit for details.) In Shanghai, silver is still traded in taels.
Some foodstuffs in
HONG KONG AND SINGAPORE
The tael is a legal weight measure in
Gold lạng (Tael) of Tự Đức
In French Indochina , the colonial administration standardised the tael (lạng) as 100 g, which is commonly used at food markets where many items typically weigh in the 100–900 g range. However, a different tael (called cây, lạng, or lượng) unit of 37.5 g is used for domestic transactions in gold. Real estate prices are often quoted in taels of gold rather than the local currency over concerns over monetary inflation .
History of Chinese currency
* ^ "Tael" entry at the
OED Online .
* ^ A B C "Weights and Measures Ordinance". The Law of Hong Kong.
* ^ A B "Weights and Measures Act (CHAPTER 349) Third Schedule".
Wikimedia Commons has media related to SYCEE .
* World Gold Council description