In Hebrew, tachrichim means to "enwrap" or "bind." It comes from the Biblical verse (Esther 8:15) "And Mordechai left the king's presence in royal apparel of blue and white and a huge golden crown and a wrap of linen (tachrich butz) and purple, and the city of Shushan rejoiced and was happy".
The traditional clothing for burying the dead are tachrichim, simple
white garments or furnishings, including a winding sheet (sovev).
Their use dates back to Rabbi
Simeon ben Gamliel II , who, in the
second century CE, asked to be buried in inexpensive linen garments.
According to the
The custom he initiated - which set both a decorous minimum and a limit on ostentation - has been followed by observant Jews ever since. "Whoever heaps elaborate shrouds upon the dead transgresses the injunction against wanton destruction. Such a one disgraces the deceased." The universal use of shrouds protected the poor from embarrassment at not being able to afford lavish burial clothes. Since shrouds have no pockets, wealth or status cannot be expressed or acknowledged in death. In every generation, these garments reaffirmed a fundamental belief in human equality.
Tachrichim are white and entirely hand stitched, without tying knots.
They are made without buttons, zippers, or fasteners. Tahrihim come in
muslin or linen, fabrics that recall the garments of the ancient
If the body has been prepared for burial with ritual cleansing (taharah), the body will automatically be dressed in tahrihim. Jewish funeral homes and burial societies (chevra kadishim) in general have a supply on hand, and the cost may be covered by their honorarium .
In addition to tachrichi