TABLIGHI JAMAAT (
Urdu : تبلیغی جماعت, Tablīghī
Jamā‘at; Arabic : جماعة التبليغ, Jamā‘at
at-Tablīgh; Bengali : তাবলীগ জামাত; Hindi :
तबलीग़ी जमात; English: Society for spreading
faith) is a non-political global
Sunni Islamic missionary movement
that focuses on urging Muslims to return to primary
Sunni Islam, and
particularly in matters of ritual, dress, and personal behavior. The
organisation is estimated to have between 12 million and 150 million
adherents (the majority living in South Asia ), and a presence in
somewhere between 150 and 200 countries. It has been called "one of
the most influential religious movements in 20th century Islam".
The movement was started in 1927 by
Muhammad Ilyas al-Kandhlawi
Muhammad Ilyas al-Kandhlawi in
India. Its stated primary aim is spiritual reformation of
reaching out to Muslims across social and economic spectra and working
at the grassroots level, to bring them in line with the group's
understanding of Islam. The teachings of Tabligh Jamaat are
expressed in "Six Principles" (
Salat , Ilm , Ikraam-e-Muslim
, Ikhlas-e-Niyyat, Dawat-o-Tableegh).
Tablighi Jamaat believes that
Muslims are in a constant state of spiritual
Jihad in the sense of
fight against evil, the weapon of choice is
and that battles are won or lost in the "hearts of men."
Tablighi Jamaat began as an offshoot of the
Deobandi movement , and a
response to perceived deteriorating moral values and a supposed
negligence of aspects of Islam. It expanded from a local to a
national to an international movement.
Tablighi Jamaat denies any affiliation in politics and fiqh
(jurisprudence), focusing instead on the
Quran and Hadith, and
states that it rejects violence as a means for evangelism, (although
some have complained that adherents have become involved in politics
Pakistan and recruited for terrorist acts in France, Britain, Spain
and the US ).
Tablighi Jamaat has claimed to avoid electronic media
and in favor of personal communication for proselytising, although
prominent Tablighi personalities such as
Tariq Jameel are featured on
an extensive range of Internet videos and often appear on TV.
Tablighi Jamaat attracted significant public and media attention when
it announced plans for the largest mosque in Europe to be built in
London, United Kingdom.
* 1 History
* 1.1 Origin
* 1.2 Expansion
* 1.3 Foreign missions
* 2 Beliefs and objectives
* 2.1 Six principles
* 3 Organization
* 3.1 Leadership
* 4 Activities and traditions
* 4.1 Khurūj (proselytising tour)
* 4.2 Ijtema (annual gathering)
* 5 Role of women
* 6 Controversies
* 6.1 Connections to terrorism
* 6.2 Criticism
* 7 Notable members
* 8 Notes
* 9 References
* 10 External links
The emergence of
Tablighi Jamaat represented the intensification of
individual reformation aspects of the original
Deobandi movement. It
was also a continuation of the broader trend of Islamic revival in
India in the wake of the collapse of
Muslim political power to the
Maratha Empire and the subsequent consolidation of the British rule.
The emergence of
Tablighi Jamaat also coincided closely with the rise
Hindu proselytizing movements such as Shuddhi
(purification) and Sanghatan (consolidation) which launched massive
efforts in the early twentieth century to reconvert Hindus who had
Islam and Christianity.
Muhammad Ilyas, the founder of Tablighi Jamaat, wanted to create a
movement that would enjoin good and forbid evil as the Qur\'an
decreed, as his teacher
Rasheed Ahmad Gangohi dreamed of doing. The
inspiration for this came during his second pilgrimage to
1926. What he lacked in scholarly learning, presence, charisma or
speaking ability, he made up for in zeal. He initially tried to
establish a network of mosque-based religious schools to educate the
Mewati Muslims about Islamic beliefs and practices. Shortly
afterwards, he was disappointed with the reality that these
institutions were producing religious functionaries, but not
Muhammad Ilyas abandoned his teaching post at Madrasah Mazahir Uloom
Saharanpur and became a missionary for reforming Muslims (but he
did not advocate preaching to non-Muslims). He relocated to Nizamuddin
Delhi , where this movement was formally launched in 1926, or
1927. When setting the guidelines for the movement, he sought
inspiration from the practices adopted by Muhammad at the dawn of
Islam. Muhammad Ilyas put forward the slogan,
Urdu : "!اﮮ
مسلمانو! مسلمان بنو", "O Muslims, become
Muslims!". This expressed the central focus of Tablighi Jamat: their
aim to renew Muslims socially by uniting them in embracing the
lifestyle of Muhammad. The movement gained a following in a relatively
short period and nearly 25,000 people attended the annual conference
in November 1941.
At the time, some
Muslim Indian leaders feared that Muslims were
losing their religious identity to the majority
Hindu culture. The
movement was never given any name officially, but Ilyas used to call
it Tahrik-i Imaan.
Mewat region where TJ started around
Delhi was inhabited by the
Meos , a
Rajput ethnic group, some of whom had allegedly converted to
Islam , and then re-converted to Hinduism when
Muslim political power
declined in the region, lacking the necessary acumen (according to one
author, Ballard) required to resist the cultural and religious
influence of Hindus, prior to the arrival of Tablighi Jamaat.
Bishwa Ijtema in
The group began to expand its activities in 1946. The initial
expansion within South Asia happened immediately after the partition
India in 1947, when the
Pakistan Chapter was established in the
Raiwind town near
Lahore , Pakistan. The Pakistan
Chapter remained the largest till
Bangladesh became independent from
Pakistan in 1971. Today, the largest Chapter is
Bangladesh followed by
the second largest in Pakistan. Within two decades of its
establishment, the group reached Southwest and Southeast Asia, Africa,
Europe, and North America. The Tablighi Jamaat's aversion to
politics, and also its lack of any direct and practical
economic-political-social viewpoints, like the occupation of
Palestine, helped it enter and operate in societies, especially
western countries and societies where politically active religious
groups faced restrictions.
The first foreign missions were sent to the
Hejaz (western Saudi
Arabia ) and Britain in 1946. The
United States followed and during
the 1970s and 1980s the
Tablighi Jamaat also established a large
presence in continental Europe. In
France it was introduced in the
1960s, and grew significantly in the two decades following 1970.
Tablighi Jamaat focused on marginalized populations —
"migrant workers deprived of any cultural access to European society,
`lost` teens, drug addicts". It peaked in popularity and numbers in
Europe between the mid-1970s and mid 1980s, and declined thereafter
France it reportedly started to decline around 1989 ) as young
Muslim families, educated in Europe, began to seek "a more
intellectual framework for their faith", and moved toward Salafi
Islam. In France, as of 2004, it was represented on the French
Council of the
Muslim Faith . During the first half-decade of the
Tablighi Jamaat went through a major revival in France,
reaching 100,000 followers by 2006. However, the
United Kingdom is
the current focus of the movement in the Europe, primarily due to the
large South Asian population that began to arrive there in the 1960s.
Tablighi Jamaat members were situated at 600 of Britain's
After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the movement made
inroads into Central Asia. As of 2007, it was estimated that 10,000
Tablighi Jamaat members could be found in
Kyrgyzstan , that was
largely driven by Pakistani members initially.
FBI estimates that nearly 50,000 members of
Tablighi Jamaat are
active in the United States. As of 2008, according to one estimate
the organization had a presence in nearly 200 countries and a total
following of between 100 and 150 million people. By some measures this
Tablighi Jamaat the largest
Muslim movement in the World. The
majority of the followers of the
Tablighi Jamaat live in South Asia.
Another source (Pew Research Center’s Religion and Public Life
project) estimates there are between 12 and 80 million adherents,
spread across more than 150 countries.
An attempt at
Salafist expansion among the
Chams in Vietnam
has been halted by Vietnamese government controls, however, the loss
of the Salafis among
Chams has been to be benefit of Tablighi Jamaat.
BELIEFS AND OBJECTIVES
Members of TJ are allowed to follow their own fiqh as long as it does
not deviate from
Tablighi Jamaat defines its objective
with reference to the concept of
Dawah , the proselytizing or
preaching of Islam.
Tablighi Jamaat interprets
Dawah as enjoining good
and forbidding evil only and defines its objective within the
framework of two particular Qur'anic verses which refer to this
mission. Those two verses are:
Who is better in speech than one who calls (men) to
Allah , works
righteousness, and says, "I am of the muslims (those who submit to
Allah) "? — Qur'an, sura (chapter) 41 (Fussilat ), ayah (verse) 33
Let there arise out of you a band of people inviting to all that is
good, enjoining what is right, and forbidding what is wrong: They are
the ones to attain felicity. —
Qur'an sura (chapter) 3 (Al-i-Imran
), ayah (verse) 104
Tablighi Jamaat encourages everyone to fulfill the Islamic
requirement of dawah even if the person falls short of strong
religious intellect. This was different from the other Islamic
movements which were mainly ulama -led and extended their leadership
roles to the religious scholars.
Tablighi Jamaat also disagree with
the prevailing idea that the highest standards of Islamic scholarship
and ethical standards were prerequisites for proselytising, and
promote dawah as a mechanism of self-reform.
Like Salafists, Tabligh seek a "separation in their daily life from
the `impious` society that surrounded them". The only objective of
Tabligh Jamaat, overtly stated in most sermons , is that Muslims adopt
and invite for the Islamic lifestyle, exemplified by Muhammad, in its
perfection. This involves a detailed orthopraxy : "followers must
dress like the Prophet, sleep as he did on the ground, on one's right
side"; enter bathrooms leading with the left foot, but put pants on
leading with the right foot; do not use a fork when eating, instead
use your index finger, middle finger and thumb; men shave their upper
lips, but let their beards grow; their pants or robes should be above
the ankle "because the prophet said letting clothes drag on the ground
is a sign of arrogance". The movement encourages Muslims to spend
time out of their daily routine in the tablighi activities so that the
rest of routine could be harmonised with Tablighi lifestyle. Adherents
are also encouraged to enroll in
Deobandi madaaris (found around the
world) to deepen their faith.
The method adopted by Muhammad Ilyas was to organise units (called
jamaats, Arabic : جماعاتِ meaning Assembly) of at least ten
persons and send them to various villages or neighborhoods to preach.
Dawah tours (see below), are now organized by TJ
leaders. In these tours, emphasis is laid on "A hadith about virtues
of action" (imitating Muhammad). In the ahadith (reported sayings of
the Islamic prophet Muhammad) of fazail (virtues) these has been
called Eemaan (faith) and Ihtisab (for the sake of Allah) and TJ
believes this is the most vital deriving force for reward in akhirah
(afterlife). TJ founder Ilyas preached that knowledge of virtues and
A'amalu-Saliha (Good Deeds and Actions) takes precedence over the
knowledge of Masa'il (jurisprudence). Knowing jurisprudence detail
(Fara'id (mandates) and Sunan (traditions) of Salat) is useful only if
a person is ready to perform rituals such as offering
Salat . They
insist that the best way of learning is teaching and encouraging
others, with the books prescribed by Tabligi Jamaat Movement in the
Hadith stories of Prophets,
Sahaba (Companions of
Prophet) and Awlia
Allah ("Friends of Allah"). Even though there
are publications associated with the movement, particularly by
Zakariya Kandahalwi , the emphasis has never been on book learning,
but rather on first-hand personal communication. A collection of
books, usually referred as Tablighi Nisaab (Tablighi Curriculum), is
recommended by Tabligh Jamaat elders for general reading. This set
includes four books namely (
Hayatus Sahabah ,
Muntakhab Ahadith ).
Tablighi ethic discourages social engagement or participation with
some non-orthodox customary and ceremonial rituals which are usually
extravagantly followed in South Asia. For example, marriages are
performed en masse at annual congregations and other similar mass
meetings, so that the costly celebrations common in South Asia are
In its early days and in South Asia, the Tabligh movement aimed to
return to orthodoxy and "purify" the
Muslim religio-cultural identity
of heterodox or "borderline" Muslims who still practised customs and
religious rites connected with Hinduism. Especially to counteract the
Hindu proselytising movements who targeted these often
recently converts from Hinduism. Unlike common proselytising
movements, has TJ mostly focused on making Muslims 'better and purer'
and ideally "religiously perfect ", rather than preaching to the
non-Muslims. This is because (it believes) dawah to non-Muslims will
only be effective (or will be much more effective) when a Muslim
TJ visits a village or neighborhood, invites the local Muslims to
assemble in the mosque and present their message in the form of Six
Principles. These six principles were derived from the lives of the
companions of Muhammad. It is stated in one narration, "My Sahabah
(companions) are like stars, whosoever follows one of them will be
guided." Muhammad Ilyas articulated six demands in the form of Six
Principles which are quintessential to Tablighi Jamaat's teachings.
These six principles are:
Kalimah : "Imaan - An article of faith in which a
that there is no God but
Allah and Muhammad is his last messenger".
Salat : "Prayer - Five daily prayers that are essential to
spiritual elevation, piety, and a life free from the ills of the
* Ilm and Zikr : "The knowledge and remembrance of
Allah - conducted
in sessions in which the congregation listens to preaching by the
emir, performs prayers, recites the
Quran and reads
Hadith from the
books comprising Riyadhu As-Salehin",
Muntakhab Ahadith (Collection of
authentic Ahadith without commentary), Hayatus
Sahaba and Fadhaa'il-e
A'maal Vol 1 ">
Kakrail Mosque ,
Dhaka . The Tablighi Jamaat
Bangladesh is mostly based here.
Tablighi Jamaat follows an informal organizational structure and
keeps an introvert institutional profile. It has been described as "a
free-floating religious movement with minimal dependence on hierarchy,
leadership positions, and decision-making procedures." It keeps its
distance from mass media and avoids publishing details about its
activities and membership. The group also exercises complete
abstinence from expressing opinions on political and controversial
issues mainly to avoid the disputes which would accompany these
endorsements. As an organisation, Tabligh Jamaat does not seek
donations and is not funded by anyone, in fact members have to bear
their own expenditures. Since there is no formal registration process
and no official membership count has ever been taken, the exact
membership statistics remain unknown. The movement discourages
interviews with its elders and has never officially released texts,
although there are publications associated with the movement (usually
referred as Tablighi Nisaab (Tablighi Curriculum). The emphasis has
never been on book learning, but rather on first-hand personal
The organisation's activities are coordinated through centres and
headquarters called Markaz. Until July 2016
Tablighi Jamaat was
maintained from its international headquarters, called Nizamuddin
Markaz , in the
Nizamuddin West district of South
Delhi , India, from
where it originally started. After July 2016, Because some members of
the Shura Committee had a clash of leadership, And Moulana (cleric)
Saad, the great-grandson of
Muhammad Ilyas Kandhalawi and a member of
the Shura Committee, split away from the rest of the Shura Committee,
effectively taking large numbers of members of the Tablighi Jamaat
with him. It also has country headquarters in over 200 countries to
co-ordinate its activities. These headquarters organize volunteer,
self-funding people in groups (called jamaats), averaging ten to
twelve people, for reminding Muslims to remain steadfast on path of
Allah. These jamaats and preaching missions are self funded by their
Ameer is title of leadership in the Tabligh Jamaat and the attribute
largely sought is the quality of faith, rather than the worldly rank.
The ameer of Tabligh Jamaat is appointed for life by a central
consultative council (shura) and elders of the Tabligh Jamaat. The
first ameer was Maulana (cleric)
Muhammad Ilyas Kandhalawi , later
succeeded by his son Maulana (cleric) Muhammad Yusuf Kandhalawi and
then by Maulana (cleric) Inaam ul Hasan . After the demise of Moulana
(cleric) Inaamul Hasan, a Shura (committee) was formed, who would
consult and make decisions. This was to continue with senior members
of the group so as to safeguard the effort of tabligh for the future.
ACTIVITIES AND TRADITIONS
Man is a ship in trouble in tumultuous sea. It is impossible to
repair it without taking it away from the high seas where the waves of
ignorance and the temptations of temporal life assail it. Its only
chance is to come back to land to be dry-docked. The dry-dock is the
mosque of the jamaat. — from the book Travellers in Faith
The activism of
Tablighi Jamaat can be characterised by the last of
the Six Principles. This principle, Tafrigh-i-Waqt (English: sparing
of time) justifies the withdrawal from World, though temporarily, for
travelling. Travel has been adopted as the most effective method of
personal reform and has become an emblematic feature of organisation.
They describe the purpose of this retreat as to patch the damages
caused by the worldly indulgence and occasionally use the dry-dock
parable to explain this.
These individual jamaats, each led by an ameer, are sent from each
markaz across the city or country to remind people to persist on the
path of God. The duration of the work depends on the discretion of
each jamaat. A trip can take an evening, a couple of days or a
KHURūJ (PROSELYTISING TOUR)
largest islamic movement, Tabligh Jamaat encourages its followers to
follow the pattern of spending "three nights a month (Seh Roza),40
continuous days a year (Chilla), and ultimately 120 days at least once
in their lives engaged in tabligh missions". During the course of
these tours, members are generally seen dressed in simple, white,
loose-clothing, carrying sleeping bags on their backs. These members
use mosques as their base during this travel but particular mosques,
due to more frequent tablighiyat activities, have come to be
specifically associated with this organisation. These mosques
generally hold the periodic, smaller scale convocations for
During their stay in mosques, these jamaats conduct a daily gasht,
which involves visiting local neighbourhoods, preferably with the help
of a guide. They invite people to attend the
Maghrib prayer at their
mosque and those who attend are delivered a sermon after the prayers,
which essentially outlines the Six Principles. They urge the attendees
to spend time in tabligh for self reformation and the propagation of
Islam. Also the regular activities like eating, sleeping etc. are
also carried out in the mosques.
Generally, the assumed role of these jamaat members cycle in a way
that they may be engaged as a preacher, a cook or as a cleaner at
other times. Among Tabligh Jamaat members, this is generally referred
to as khidmat which essentially connotes to serving their companions
and freeing them for tablighi engagements. The members of the Jamaat
are assigned these roles based on the day's mashwara. The markaz keeps
records of each jamaat and its members, the identity of whom is
verified from their respective mosques. Mosques are used to assist the
tablighi activities of individual jamaats that voluntarily undertake
preaching missions. Members of a jamaat, ideally, pay expenses
themselves so as to avoid financial dependence on anyone.
IJTEMA (ANNUAL GATHERING)
Bishwa Ijtema (World Gathering) of Muslims at Tongi,
An annual gathering of followers, called ijtema, is summoned at
headquarters of the respective countries. A typical ijtema continues
for three days and ends with an exceptionally long prayer. These
gatherings are considered moments of intense blessings by Tabligh
Jamaat members and are known to attract members in excess of 2 million
in some countries. The oldest ijtema of the World started in Bhopal,
capital city of Madhya Pradesh, India. It attracts people from all
over World. Almost 2 million people gather for this annual gathering.
The largest of such annual gatherings is held in Bangladesh. The
Bengali gathering, called
Bishwa Ijtema (World Gathering), converges
followers from around the World in
Dhaka , Bangladesh, with
an attendance exceeding 3 million people. The second largest Tabligh
Jamaat gathering takes place in
Pakistan which was attended
by approximately 1.5 million people in 2004. In 2011
the Ijtema into two parts and total 1 million People attended each of
the two Ijtema.
ROLE OF WOMEN
In TJ women are encouraged to stay home, and to choose a life of
"segregation between female and male". However they also proselytize,
discussing among themselves in small groups the basics of Tabligh and
traveling with their husbands on proselytizing trips. Tabligh
inculcates in them that dawah is also important alongside taking care
of their spouses or taking care of their children.
According to a 1996 study by Barbara Metcalf, in TJ women were
encouraged to participate since the beginning of the movement. Some
scholars objected to the participation of women, but Muhammad Ilyas
slowly gained their support and the first jamaat of women was formed
in Nizamuddin, Delhi. Accompanied by a close male relative,
(محرم), that is husband, brother, father or son, women are
encouraged to go out in jamaats and work among other women and family
members while following the rules of modesty, seclusion and
segregation. They observe strict rules of hijab by covering their
faces and hands. Jamaats of women sometimes participate in large
annual meetings; otherwise, they commonly hold neighbourhood meetings.
Since South Asian Islamic culture discourages women from going to the
mosque and saintly shrines, these venues offer an opportunity for
women to pray together and congregate religiously.
In many modern Islamist movements, women have been relegated to a
Tablighi Jamaat tends to blur the boundaries of gender
roles and both genders share a common behavioural model and their
commitment to tabligh. The emphasis is on a common nature and
responsibilities shared by both genders. Just as men redraw the gender
roles when they wash and cook during the course of da'wa tours, women
undertake the male responsibility of sustaining the household. Women
do not play any role in the higher echelons of the movement, but
their opinions are taken into due considerations.
Mushawara after Bayan Subh at
Tablighi Jamaat center in
located in Cot Goh, Mon Tasiek,
Aceh Besar Regency
CONNECTIONS TO TERRORISM
Many outside observers have described the group as "apolitical" at
least in part because it avoids media and government notice, operates
largely in secrecy, and has missionaries that lead austere lifestyles
with principled stands against social ills. Three western experts on
Islam, for example, have described it as a:
peaceful and apolitical preaching-to-the-people movement. —Graham
E. Fuller , a former CIA official and an expert on Islam, (author of
The Future of Political Islam)
completely apolitical and law abiding. —Olivier Roy , a prominent
Islam at the French National Centre for Scientific
an apolitical, quietist movement of internal grassroots missionary
renewal (While comparing its activities to the Alcoholics Anonymous
for the efforts to reshape individual lives) —
Barbara D. Metcalf ,
University of Michigan
University of Michigan
Another describes it as having an "apolitical stance" which
has helped it to penetrate and operate without hindrance in Muslim
Muslim societies where politically activist Islamic groups
face severe restrictions. —Mumtaz Ahmad
Tablighi Jamaat members have been involved in politics in
Pakistan, and in the West, a number of young men have passed through
the group on their way to an extreme, militant interpretation of the
In Pakistan, prime minister
Nawaz Sharif (whose father was a
prominent Tablighi member and financier) helped Tablighi members take
prominent political positions. For example, in 1998, Muhammad Rafique
Tarar, a Tablighi sympathizer, took the ceremonial presidency while,
in 1990, Lt. Gen.
Javed Nasir assumed the powerful
director-generalship of the
Inter-Services Intelligence , Pakistan's
chief intelligence agency. In 1995, after
Benazir Bhutto , who was
less sympathetic to Islamist causes, returned to the premiership, the
Pakistani army thwarted a coup attempt by several dozen high-ranking
military officers and civilians, some of whom were members of the
Tablighi Jamaat and some of whom also held membership in
Harkat-ul-Mujahideen , a U.S. State Department-defined terrorist
organization. In January 2016, in what was "probably the first time
that any restriction has been placed on Tableeghi Jamaat" in Pakistan,
Punjab government banned preaching on university campuses, and
banned Tableeghi Jamaat (and other non-students) from preaching and
staying in campus hostels.
In France, as many as "80% percent of the Islamist extremists have
come from Tablighi ranks, prompting French intelligence officers to
Tablighi Jamaat the 'antechamber of fundamentalism.'" Among
those who have been members of TJ in
France are Zacarias Moussaoui
(the only person to be charged in the
United States in the September
Hervé Djamel Loiseau , a young Frenchman who died
fleeing the 2001 American bombardment of Tora Bora in Afghanistan, and
Djamel Beghal , an Algerian-born Frenchman and admitted member of Al
Qaeda who was convicted in 2005 of plotting to blow up the U.S.
Embassy in Paris. In a foiled January 2008 bombing plot in Barcelona,
Spain, "some media reports" stated that a
Muslim leader in the city
stated that the fourteen suspects arrested by police in a series of
raids (where bomb-making materials were seized) were members of
Tablighi Jamaat. Other terrorist plots and attacks on civilians that
Tablighi Jamaat have been connected with include the
Portland Seven , the
Lackawanna Six , the 2006 transatlantic aircraft
plot , the 7/7 London bombings , the
2007 London car bombs
2007 London car bombs , and 2007
Glasgow International Airport attack .
Department of Homeland Security
Department of Homeland Security employee Philip Haney
Tablighi Jamaat as part of a "trans-national Islamist
network" that was also affiliated with the Dar Al Uloom al Islamiyah
mosque in San Bernardino, which terrorist
Syed Rizwan Farook
Syed Rizwan Farook attended
FBI Director Michael Heimbach said "We have
significant presence of
Tablighi Jamaat in the
United States and we
have found that al Qaeda used them for recruiting."
American Foreign Policy Council
American Foreign Policy Council 's report on Tablighi Jamaat
The available data today indicates that TJ, at least in the
preponderance of locations around the World where it is found, can be
considered ipso facto a passive supporter of jihadist groups via its
reinforcement of strict Islamic norms, intolerance of other religious
traditions and unwavering commitment to Islamizing the entire planet.
. . However, its eschewal of politics (at least publicly) has enabled
TJ, in most venues, to escape suppression by wary government organs.
According to French Tablighi expert Marc Gaborieau, its philosophy
and transnational goals include the "planned conquest of the World".
Due to the orthodox nature of Tablighi Jamaat, they have been
criticised for being retrogressive. The women in the movement observe
complete hijab for which the
Tablighi Jamaat is accused of keeping
women "strictly subservient and second string".
Tablighi Jamaat has also been criticized within Islamic circles and
the major opposition in the Indian subcontinent comes from the Barelvi
movement. One of the main criticisms against them is that the men
neglect and ignore their families, especially by going out on da'wa
Tablighi Jamaat participants, in response, argue that both
genders should be equally engaged in Tabligh. They further say that
women, like men, are also urged to carry the responsibility of Tabligh
and that men should facilitate women's participation by providing
Many critics, especially those from
Hizb ut-Tahrir and
Jamaat-e-Islami , criticize Tabligh Jamaat for their neutral political
stance. They say that Islamist forces, during their conflicts with
secular or non-Islamist opponents, could have been helped by Tablighi
Jamaat followers. Specifically they criticize the Tabligh Jamaat's
neutral position towards issues in South Asia such as the introduction
of an Islamic constitution in
Islam vs Socialism
(1969–1971), communal riots in
India in the 1970s and 1980s, the
Khatm-e-Nabuwwat Movement (1974), and Nizam-e-Mustafa Movement (1977).
The Tablighi Jamaat, in response, states that it is only by avoiding
the political debates that the
Tablighi Jamaat has been successful in
reawakening the spiritual conscience of the followers. The apolitical
stance also helped them operate in difficult times, such as during the
governments of Ayub Khan (1960s) and
Indira Gandhi (1975–77), when
other sociopolitical Islamic groups faced restrictions.
The difference of opinion regarding political participation also
marks the fundamental difference between the
Tablighi Jamaat and
Islamist movements. While the Islamists believe that the acquisition
of political power is the absolute requirement for the establishment
of an Islamic society, the
Tablighi Jamaat believes that merely the
political power is not enough to ensure effective organisation of the
Islamic social order. The exclusive focus of the Tablighi Jamaat's
attention is the individual, and members believe the reformation of
society and institutions will only be effective through education and
reform of individuals. They insist that nations and social systems
exist by the virtue of the individuals who form them; therefore, the
reform must begin at the grass-roots with individuals and not at the
higher level of political structure.
TJ have also been accused of insufficient orthodoxy and association
with Sufis .
Abd al-Aziz ibn Baz
Abd al-Aziz ibn Baz , the former grand mufti of Saudi
Arabia is reported to have said that "Jama’atul-Tableegh ... have
many deviations. They have some aspects of bid‘ah and shirk , so it
is not permissible to go with them," Another Wahhabi cleric, Falih
Ibn Nafi Al-Harbi, has reportedly complained that TJ "are the
originator of fictitious tales and baseless stories and people of
bid‘ah ." The elders of
Tablighi Jamaat are of the view that there
are different schools of thought in
Islam (like other religions), so
emphasis on differences rather than unity will segregate
(disamalgamate) and weaken the Ummah (
Tablighi Jamaat has no membership lists or formal procedures for
membership which makes it difficult to quantify and verify
Former President of India, Dr.Zakir Husain (politician)was associated
with this movement. The former chief minister of
Punjab Pervaiz Elahi
is also a strong supporter of the Tablighi Jamaat. During his tenure
in 2011, 75 kanals of land were purchased for a
Tablighi Jamaat mosque
Raiwind Markaz .
Tariq Jameel is a prominent member of Tablighi
Former singer and pop star
Junaid Jamshed had close links with
Tabligh Jamaat, and his departure from his professional singing career
is attributed to his inclination towards the movement.
Singers, actors and models, including Attaullah Essa Khailwi ,
Gulzar Alam , Bacha,
Alamzeb Mujahid , are also affiliated with the
Former Lieutenant General , and heads of Inter-Services Intelligence,
Javed Nasir and General
Mahmud Ahmed of the
Pakistan Army both became
Tablighi Jamaat during their service. The Tablighi Jamaat
also has a notable following among Pakistani professional cricketers :
Shahid Afridi , Mohammad (formerly "Youhana") Yousuf and the former
Saqlain Mushtaq ,
Inzamam-ul-Haq , Mushtaq Ahmed , Saeed
Anwar and Saeed Ahmed are active members. Mohammad Yousuf's
conversion from Christianity to
Islam is widely attributed to the
influence of the Tabligh Jamaat. .Other members included are Maulana
Ibrahim Dewla,Maulana Ahmed Laat and many more.
* ^ In this background TJ suggest a series of books comprising
Riyadus Saliheen ,
Muntakhab Ahadith (Collection of authentic Ahadith
without commentary), Hayatus
Sahaba and Fadhaa'il A'maal Vol 1
-webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type:
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