Tablighi Jamaat (Urdu: تبلیغی جماعت, Tablīghī
Jamā‘at; Arabic: جماعة التبليغ, Jamā‘at
at-Tablīgh; Bengali: তাবলীগ জামাত; Hindi:
तबलीग़ी जमात; English: The Outreach Society) is
an ideological movement with emphasis on the sacrifices that were made
by the companions of the Holy Prophet Muhammad and the teachings and
practices of the prophets mosque in madina and ashabus suffah to
establish the true recognition of
Allah by the invitation adopted by
the holy Prophet Muhammad to correct the faith and actions in the
early period of ignorance in the Arabian Peninsula. This movement
incorporates the methodology of inviting Muslims by emphasising the
greatness of one
Allah to bring the true conviction of Allah's
commands as show to us on the pattern of the Prophet Muhammad
teachings (faith) it has no political affiliating or goal for global
domination rather it pleads to the masses to recognise the object of
your life in the last period of time where no more prophets are to
come and the responsibility of Prophethood lays on the shoulder of
every single follower of the Prophet Muhammed .The movements focus is
based on the
Sunni school of thought that rejects all innovations and
extremism and request its followers to use the wisdom and character
used by the Prophet Muhammad in his life to propagate the true Islam
to the people,. The organisation is estimated to have between
12 million and 150 million adherents (the majority living in
South Asia), and a presence in somewhere between 150 and 200
countries. It has been called "one of the most influential
religious movements in 20th century Islam".
The movement was revived in 1927 by
Muhammad Ilyas al-Kandhlawi
Muhammad Ilyas al-Kandhlawi in
India in accordance to the teachings and practices that take place in
the prophets mosque and Ashabus Suffah . Its stated primary
aim is spiritual reformation of Islam by reaching out to Muslims
across social and economic spectra and working at the grassroots
level, to bring them in line with the group's understanding of
Islam. The teachings of
Tabligh Jamaat are expressed in "Six
Principles" (Kalimah, Salat, Ilm, Ikraam-e-Muslim, Ikhlas-e-Niyyat,
Tablighi Jamaat believes that Muslims are in a
constant state of spiritual
Jihad in the sense of fight against evil,
the weapon of choice is
Dawah (proselytization) and that battles are
won or lost in the "hearts of men."
Tablighi Jamaat began as an offshoot of the
Deobandi movement, and a
response to perceived deteriorating moral values and a supposed
negligence of aspects of Islam. It expanded from a local to a
national to an international movement.
Tablighi Jamaat denies any affiliation in politics and fiqh
(jurisprudence), focusing instead on the
Quran and Hadith,
and states that it rejects violence as a means for evangelism,
(although some have complained that adherents have become involved in
politics in Pakistan).
Tablighi Jamaat has claimed to avoid electronic
media and in favor of personal communication for proselytising,
although prominent Tablighi personalities such as
Tariq Jameel are
featured on an extensive range of Internet videos and often appear on
Tablighi Jamaat attracted significant public and media attention when
it announced plans for the largest mosque in Europe to be built in
London, United Kingdom.
1.3 Foreign missions
2 Beliefs and objectives
2.1 Six principles
4 Activities and traditions
4.1 Khurūj (proselytising tour)
4.2 Ijtema (annual gathering)
5 Role of women
6.1 Connections to terrorism
7 Notable members
10 External links
The emergence of
Tablighi Jamaat represented the intensification of
individual reformation aspects of the original
Deobandi movement. It
was also a continuation of the broader trend of Islamic revival in
India in the wake of the collapse of
Muslim political power to the
Maratha Empire and the subsequent consolidation of the British rule.
The emergence of
Tablighi Jamaat also coincided closely with the rise
Hindu proselytizing movements such as Shuddhi
(purification) and Sanghatan (consolidation) which launched massive
efforts in the early twentieth century to reconvert Hindus who had
converted to Islam and Christianity.
The practices and teachings in the prophets mosque in madina and
asabus Suffah Muhammad Ilyas, the founder of Tablighi Jamaat,
wanted to create a movement that would enjoin good and forbid evil as
Qur'an decreed, as his teacher Rasheed Ahmad Gangohi
dreamed of doing. The inspiration for this came during his second
Mecca in 1926. What he lacked in scholarly learning,
presence, charisma or speaking ability, he made up for in zeal. He
initially tried to establish a network of mosque-based religious
schools to educate the
Mewati Muslims about Islamic beliefs and
practices. Shortly afterwards, he was disappointed with the reality
that these institutions were producing religious functionaries, but
Muhammad Ilyas abandoned his teaching post at Madrasah Mazahir Uloom
Saharanpur and became a missionary for reforming Muslims (but he
did not advocate preaching to non-Muslims). He relocated to Nizamuddin
near Delhi, where this movement was formally launched in 1926, or
1927. When setting the guidelines for the movement, he sought
inspiration from the practices adopted by Muhammad at the dawn of
Islam. Muhammad Ilyas put forward the slogan, Urdu: "!اﮮ
مسلمانو! مسلمان بنو", "O Muslims, become [true]
Muslims!". This expressed the central focus of Tablighi Jamat: their
aim to renew Muslims socially by uniting them in embracing the
lifestyle of Muhammad. The movement gained a following in a relatively
short period and nearly 25,000 people attended the annual conference
in November 1941.
At the time, some
Muslim Indian leaders feared that Muslims were
losing their religious identity to the majority
Hindu culture. The
movement was never given any name officially, but Ilyas used to call
it Tahrik-i Imaan.
Mewat region where TJ started around Delhi was inhabited by
the Meos, a
Rajput ethnic group, some of whom had allegedly converted
to Islam, and then re-converted to Hinduism when
power declined in the region, lacking the necessary acumen (according
to one author, Ballard) required to resist the cultural and religious
influence of Hindus, prior to the arrival of Tablighi Jamaat.
Bishwa Ijtema in Bangladesh
The group began to expand its activities in 1946. The initial
expansion within South Asia happened immediately after the partition
India in 1947, when the
Pakistan Chapter was established in the
Raiwind town near Lahore, Pakistan. The Pakistan
Chapter remained the largest till
Bangladesh became independent from
Pakistan in 1971. Today, the largest Chapter is
Bangladesh followed by
the second largest in Pakistan. Within two decades of its
establishment, the group reached Southwest and Southeast Asia, Africa,
Europe, and North America. The Tablighi Jamaat's aversion to
politics, and also its lack of any direct and practical
economic-political-social viewpoints, like the occupation of
Palestine, helped it enter and operate in societies, especially
western countries and societies where politically active religious
groups faced restrictions.
The first foreign missions were sent to the
Hejaz (western Saudi
Arabia) and Britain in 1946. The
United States followed and during
the 1970s and 1980s the
Tablighi Jamaat also established a large
presence in continental Europe. In
France it was introduced in the
1960s, and grew significantly in the two decades following 1970.
Tablighi Jamaat focused on marginalized populations —
"migrant workers deprived of any cultural access to European society,
`lost` teens, drug addicts". It peaked in popularity and numbers in
Europe between the mid-1970s and mid 1980s, and declined thereafter
France it reportedly started to decline around 1989) as young
Muslim families, educated in Europe, began to seek "a more
intellectual framework for their faith", and moved toward Salafi
Islam. In France, as of 2004, it was represented on the French
Council of the
Muslim Faith. During the first half-decade of the
Tablighi Jamaat went through a major revival in France,
reaching 100,000 followers by 2006. However, the
United Kingdom is
the current focus of the movement in the Europe, primarily due to the
large South Asian population that began to arrive there in the
1960s. By 2007,
Tablighi Jamaat members were situated at 600 of
Britain's 1,350 mosques.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the movement made
inroads into Central Asia. As of 2007, it was estimated that 10,000
Tablighi Jamaat members could be found in Kyrgyzstan, that was
largely driven by Pakistani members initially.
FBI estimates that nearly 50,000 members of
Tablighi Jamaat are
active in the United States. As of 2008, according to one estimate
the organization had a presence in nearly 200 countries and a total
following of between 100 and 150 million people. By some measures this
Tablighi Jamaat the largest
Muslim movement in the World. The
majority of the followers of the
Tablighi Jamaat live in South
Asia. Another source (Pew Research Center’s Religion and
Public Life project) estimates there are between 12 and 80 million
adherents, spread across more than 150 countries.
An attempt at
Salafist expansion among the
Chams in Vietnam has
been halted by Vietnamese government controls, however, the loss of
the Salafis among
Chams has been to be benefit of Tablighi Jamaat.
Beliefs and objectives
Tabligh Jamat are allowed to follow their own fiqh as long
as it does not deviate from Sunni Islam. Tablighi Jamaat
defines its objective with reference to the concept of Dawah, the
proselytizing or preaching of Islam.
Tablighi Jamaat interprets Dawah
as enjoining good and forbidding evil only and defines its objective
within the framework of two particular Qur'anic verses which refer to
this mission. Those two verses are:
Who is better in speech than one who calls (men) to Allah, works
righteousness, and says, "I am of the muslims (those who submit to
— Qur'an, sura (chapter) 41 (Fussilat), ayah (verse) 33
Let there arise out of you a band of people inviting to all that is
good, enjoining what is right, and forbidding what is wrong: They are
the ones to attain felicity.
Qur'an sura (chapter) 3 (Al-i-Imran), ayah (verse) 104
Tablighi Jamaat encourages everyone to fulfill the Islamic requirement
of dawah even if the person falls short of strong religious intellect.
This was different from the other Islamic movements which were mainly
ulama-led and extended their leadership roles to the religious
Tablighi Jamaat also disagree with the prevailing idea that
the highest standards of Islamic scholarship and ethical standards
were prerequisites for proselytising, and promote dawah as a mechanism
Tabligh seek a "separation in their daily life from
the `impious` society that surrounded them". The only objective of
Tabligh Jamaat, overtly stated in most sermons, is that Muslims adopt
and invite for the Islamic lifestyle, exemplified by Muhammad, in its
perfection. This involves a detailed orthopraxy: "followers must dress
like the Prophet, sleep as he did on the ground, on one's right
side"; enter bathrooms leading with the left foot, but put pants
on leading with the right foot; do not use a fork when eating, instead
use your index finger, middle finger and thumb; men shave their upper
lips, but let their beards grow; their pants or robes should be above
the ankle "because the prophet said letting clothes drag on the ground
is a sign of arrogance". The movement encourages Muslims to spend
time out of their daily routine in the tablighi activities so that the
rest of routine could be harmonised with Tablighi lifestyle. Adherents
are also encouraged to enroll in
Deobandi madaaris (found around the
world) to deepen their faith.
The method adopted by Muhammad Ilyas was to organise units (called
jamaats, Arabic: جماعاتِ meaning Assembly) of at least ten
persons and send them to various villages or neighborhoods to preach.
Dawah tours (see below), are now organized by TJ
leaders. In these tours, emphasis is laid on "A hadith about
virtues of action" (imitating Muhammad). In the ahadith (reported
sayings of the Islamic prophet Muhammad) of fazail (virtues) these has
been called Eemaan (faith) and Ihtisab (for the sake of Allah) and TJ
believes this is the most vital deriving force for reward in akhirah
(afterlife). TJ founder Ilyas preached that knowledge of virtues and
A'amalu-Saliha (Good Deeds and Actions) takes precedence over the
knowledge of Masa'il (jurisprudence). Knowing jurisprudence detail
(Fara'id (mandates) and Sunan (traditions) of Salat) is useful only if
a person is ready to perform rituals such as offering Salat. They
insist that the best way of learning is teaching and encouraging
others, with the books prescribed by Tabligi Jamaat Movement in the
Hadith stories of Prophets,
Sahaba (Companions of
Prophet) and Awlia
Allah ("Friends of Allah"). [Note 1] Even
though there are publications associated with the movement,
particularly by Zakariya Kandahalwi, the emphasis has never been on
book learning, but rather on first-hand personal
communication. A collection of books, usually referred as
Tablighi Nisaab (Tablighi Curriculum), is recommended by Tabligh
Jamaat elders for general reading. This set includes four books namely
(Hayatus Sahabah, Fazail-e-Amaal,
Fazail-e-Sadqaat and Muntakhab
Tablighi ethic discourages social engagement or participation with
some non-orthodox customary and ceremonial rituals which are usually
extravagantly followed in South Asia. For example, marriages are
performed en masse at annual congregations and other similar mass
meetings, so that the costly celebrations common in South Asia are
In its early days and in South Asia, the
Tabligh movement aimed to
return to orthodoxy and "purify" the
Muslim religio-cultural identity
of heterodox or "borderline" Muslims who still practised customs and
religious rites connected with Hinduism. Especially to counteract the
Hindu proselytising movements who targeted these often
recently converts from Hinduism. Unlike common proselytising
movements, has TJ mostly focused on making Muslims 'better and purer'
and ideally "religiously perfect", rather than preaching to the
non-Muslims. This is because (it believes) dawah to non-Muslims will
only be effective (or will be much more effective) when a Muslim
TJ visits a village or neighborhood, invites the local Muslims to
assemble in the mosque and present their message in the form of Six
Principles. These six principles were derived from the lives of the
companions of Muhammad. It is stated in one narration, "My Sahabah
(companions) are like [guiding] stars, whosoever follows [any] one of
them will be guided." Muhammad Ilyas articulated six demands in
the form of Six Principles which are quintessential to Tablighi
Jamaat's teachings. These six principles are:
Kalimah: "Imaan - An article of faith in which a
Muslim accepts that
there is no worthy worship but
Allah and Muhammad is his last
Salat: "Prayer - Five daily prayers that are essential to spiritual
elevation, piety, and a life free from the ills of the material world"
Ilm and Zikr: "The knowledge and remembrance of
Allah - conducted in
sessions in which the congregation listens to preaching by the emir,
performs prayers, recites the
Quran and reads
Hadith from the books
comprising Riyadhu As-Salehin",
Muntakhab Ahadith (Collection of
authentic Ahadith without commentary), Hayatus
Sahaba and Fadhaa'il-e
A'maal Vol 1 & 2 among other books.
Ikraam-e-Muslim: "Honoring a
Muslim - The treatment of fellow Muslims
with honor and deference"
Ikhlas-e-Niyyat: "Sincerity of Intention - Reforming one’s life in
Allah by performing every human action for the sake of
Allah and toward the goal of self-transformation"
Dawat-o-Tableegh (Dawah): "Inviting and Preaching - The sparing of
time to live a life based on faith and learning its virtues, following
in the footsteps of the Prophet Muhammad, and taking His message door
to door for the sake of faith. "
Kakrail Mosque, Dhaka. The
Tablighi Jamaat movement in
mostly based here.
Tablighi Jamaat follows an informal organizational structure and keeps
an introvert institutional profile. It has been described as "a
free-floating religious movement with minimal dependence on hierarchy,
leadership positions, and decision-making procedures." It keeps
its distance from mass media and avoids publishing details about its
activities and membership. The group also exercises complete
abstinence from expressing opinions on political and controversial
issues mainly to avoid the disputes which would accompany these
endorsements. As an organisation,
Tabligh Jamaat does not seek
donations and is not funded by anyone, in fact members have to bear
their own expenditures. Since there is no formal registration process
and no official membership count has ever been taken, the exact
membership statistics remain unknown. The movement discourages
interviews with its elders and has never officially released texts,
although there are publications associated with the movement (usually
referred as Tablighi Nisaab (Tablighi Curriculum). The emphasis
has never been on book learning, but rather on first-hand personal
The organisation's activities are coordinated through centres and
headquarters called Markaz.
Tablighi Jamaat is maintained from its
international headquarters, called Nizamuddin Markaz, in the
Nizamuddin West district of South Delhi, India, from where it
originally started. It also has country headquarters in over 200
countries to co-ordinate its activities. These headquarters organize
volunteer, self-funding people in groups (called jamaats), averaging
ten to twelve people, for reminding Muslims to remain steadfast on
path of Allah. These jamaats and preaching missions are self
funded by their respective members.
Amarat- Ameer is title of supervisor(doyen) in the
Tabligh Jamaat and
the attribute largely sought is the quality of faith, rather than the
worldly rank. The ameer of
Tabligh Jamaat is appointed for life by
a central consultative council (shura) and elders of the Tabligh
Jamaat. The first ameer was Maulana (cleric) Muhammad Ilyas
Kandhalawi, later succeeded by his son Maulana (cleric) Muhammad Yusuf
Kandhalawi and then by Maulana (cleric) Inaam ul Hasan. After the
demise of Moulana (cleric) Inaamul Hasan, a Shura (committee) with 10
members was formed, which would consult and make decisions for one
Ameer. A shura was appointedd instead of one Ameer. Shura consisted of
Pakistan Haji Abdul Wahhab, Maulana Zubair ul Hasan who is the son
of Inamul Hasan, and Maulana Saad Kandhalwi.
latest ijtema was held in Aurangabad in which 5
million people attended in feb 20018.
Maulana has pressed
Muslim ummah to live simple life and specially in
there marriages same like sahaba and rasool(sas).
Activities and traditions
Man is a ship in trouble in tumultuous sea. It is impossible to repair
it without taking it away from the high seas where the waves of
ignorance and the temptations of temporal life assail it. Its only
chance is to come back to land to be dry-docked. The dry-dock is the
mosque of the jamaat.
— from the book Travellers in Faith
The activism of
Tablighi Jamaat can be characterised by the last of
the Six Principles. This principle, Tafrigh-i-Waqt (English: sparing
of time) justifies the withdrawal from World, though temporarily, for
travelling. Travel has been adopted as the most effective method of
personal reform and has become an emblematic feature of organisation.
They describe the purpose of this retreat as to patch the damages
caused by the worldly indulgence and occasionally use the dry-dock
parable to explain this.
These individual jamaats, each led by an ameer, are sent from each
markaz across the city or country to remind people to persist on the
path of God. The duration of the work depends on the discretion of
each jamaat. A trip can take an evening, a couple of days or a
Khurūj (proselytising tour)
largest Islamic movement,
Tabligh Jamaat encourages its followers to
follow the pattern of spending "three nights a month (Seh
Roza),40 continuous days a year (Chilla), and ultimately
120 days at least once in their lives engaged in tabligh
missions". During the course of these tours, members are generally
seen dressed in simple, white, loose-clothing, carrying sleeping bags
on their backs. These members use mosques as their base during
this travel but particular mosques, due to more frequent tablighiyat
activities, have come to be specifically associated with this
organisation. These mosques generally hold the periodic, smaller scale
convocations for neighbourhood members.
During their stay in mosques, these jamaats conduct a daily gasht,
which involves visiting local neighbourhoods, preferably with the help
of a guide. They invite people to attend the
Maghrib prayer at
their mosque and those who attend are delivered a sermon after the
prayers, which essentially outlines the Six Principles. They urge the
attendees to spend time in tabligh for self reformation and the
propagation of Islam. Also the regular activities like eating,
sleeping etc. are also carried out in the mosques.
Generally, the assumed role of these jamaat members cycle in a way
that they may be engaged as a preacher, a cook or as a cleaner at
other times. Among
Tabligh Jamaat members, this is generally referred
to as khidmat which essentially connotes to serving their companions
and freeing them for tablighi engagements. The members of the
Jamaat are assigned these roles based on the day's mashwara. The
markaz keeps records of each jamaat and its members, the identity of
whom is verified from their respective mosques. Mosques are used to
assist the tablighi activities of individual jamaats that voluntarily
undertake preaching missions. Members of a jamaat, ideally, pay
expenses themselves so as to avoid financial dependence on anyone.
Ijtema (annual gathering)
Bishwa Ijtema (World Gathering) of Muslims at Tongi, Bangladesh
An annual gathering of followers, called ijtema, is summoned at
headquarters of the respective countries. A typical ijtema continues
for three days and ends with an exceptionally long prayer. These
gatherings are considered moments of intense blessings by Tabligh
Jamaat members and are known to attract members in excess of
2 million in some countries. The oldest ijtema of the World
started in Bhopal, capital city of Madhya Pradesh, India.[citation
needed] It attracts people from all over World. Almost 2 million
people gather for this annual gathering. The largest of such annual
gatherings is held in Bangladesh. The Bengali gathering, called Bishwa
Ijtema (World Gathering), converges followers from around the World in
Tongi near Dhaka, Bangladesh, with an attendance exceeding
3 million people. The second largest
gathering takes place in Raiwind,
Pakistan which was attended by
approximately 1.5 million people in 2004. In 2011 Pakistan
divided the Ijtema into two parts and total 1 million People attended
each of the two Ijtema.
Role of women
In TJ women are encouraged to stay home, and to choose a life of
"segregation between female and male". However they also proselytize,
discussing among themselves in small groups the basics of
traveling with their husbands on proselytizing trips. Tabligh
inculcates in them that dawah is also important alongside taking care
of their spouses or taking care of their children.
According to a 1996 study by Barbara Metcalf, in TJ women were
encouraged to participate since the beginning of the movement. Some
scholars objected to the participation of women, but Muhammad Ilyas
slowly gained their support and the first jamaat of women was formed
in Nizamuddin, Delhi. Accompanied by a close male relative,
(محرم), that is husband, brother, father or son, women are
encouraged to go out in jamaats and work among other women and family
members while following the rules of modesty, seclusion and
segregation. They observe strict rules of hijab by covering their
faces and hands. Jamaats of women sometimes participate in
large annual meetings; otherwise, they commonly hold neighbourhood
meetings. Since South Asian Islamic culture discourages women from
going to the mosque and saintly shrines, these venues offer an
opportunity for women to pray together and congregate religiously.
In many modern Islamist movements, women have been relegated to a
Tablighi Jamaat tends to blur the boundaries of gender
roles and both genders share a common behavioural model and their
commitment to tabligh. The emphasis is on a common nature and
responsibilities shared by both genders. Just as men redraw the gender
roles when they wash and cook during the course of da'wa tours, women
undertake the male responsibility of sustaining the household.
Women do not play any role in the higher echelons of the movement,
but their opinions are taken into due considerations. Women and the
family members are being to told to learn
Quran and follow 5 Amaals in
every day life, Taleem of Ahadees,
Quran recitation,6 Points muzakera,
and mashwara for daily life work and fikr for the whole world as
people from around the world will be coming and they are the one who
has to learn before they teach.
Mushawara after Bayan Subh at
Tablighi Jamaat center in Aceh, located
in Cot Goh, Mon Tasiek,
Aceh Besar Regency
Connections to terrorism
Many outside observers have described the group as "apolitical" at
least in part because it avoids media and government notice, operates
largely in secrecy, and has missionaries that lead austere lifestyles
with principled stands against social ills. Three western experts
on Islam, for example, have described it as a:
peaceful and apolitical preaching-to-the-people movement.
—Graham E. Fuller, a former CIA official and an expert on Islam,
(author of The Future of Political Islam)
completely apolitical and law abiding. —Olivier Roy, a
prominent authority on Islam at the French National Centre for
an apolitical, quietist movement of internal grassroots missionary
renewal (While comparing its activities to the Alcoholics Anonymous
for the efforts to reshape individual lives) —Barbara D.
Metcalf, University of Michigan
Another describes it as having an "apolitical stance" which
has helped it to penetrate and operate without hindrance in
Muslim societies where politically activist Islamic groups face
severe restrictions. —Mumtaz Ahmad
Tablighi Jamaat members have been involved in politics in
Pakistan, and in the West, a number of young men have passed
through the group on their way to an extreme, militant interpretation
of the religion.
In Pakistan, prime minister
Nawaz Sharif (whose father was a prominent
Tablighi member and financier) helped Tablighi members take prominent
political positions. For example, in 1998, Muhammad Rafique Tarar,
a Tablighi sympathizer, took the ceremonial presidency while, in 1990,
Javed Nasir assumed the powerful director-generalship of the
Inter-Services Intelligence, Pakistan's chief intelligence agency. In
1995, after Benazir Bhutto, who was less sympathetic to Islamist
causes, returned to the premiership, the Pakistani army thwarted a
coup attempt by several dozen high-ranking military officers and
civilians, some of whom were members of the
Tablighi Jamaat and some
of whom also held membership in Harkat-ul-Mujahideen, a U.S. State
Department-defined terrorist organization. In January 2016, in
what was "probably the first time that any restriction has been placed
on Tableeghi Jamaat" in Pakistan, the Punjab government banned
preaching on university campuses, and banned Tableeghi Jamaat (and
other non-students) from preaching and staying in campus hostels.
In France, as many as "80% percent of the Islamist extremists have
come from Tablighi ranks, prompting French intelligence officers to
Tablighi Jamaat the 'antechamber of
fundamentalism.'" Among those who have been members of
Zacarias Moussaoui (the only person to be charged in
United States in the September 11 attacks), Hervé Djamel Loiseau,
a young Frenchman who died fleeing the 2001 American bombardment of
Tora Bora in Afghanistan, and Djamel Beghal, an Algerian-born
Frenchman and admitted member of
Al Qaeda who was convicted in 2005 of
plotting to blow up the U.S. Embassy in Paris. In a foiled January
2008 bombing plot in Barcelona, Spain, "some media reports" stated
Muslim leader in the city stated that the fourteen suspects
arrested by police in a series of raids (where bomb-making materials
were seized) were members of Tablighi Jamaat. Other terrorist
plots and attacks on civilians that members of
Tablighi Jamaat have
been connected with include the Portland Seven, the Lackawanna Six,
the 2006 transatlantic aircraft plot, the 7/7 London bombings, the
2007 London car bombs, and 2007 Glasgow International Airport
Department of Homeland Security
Department of Homeland Security employee Philip Haney described
Tablighi Jamaat as part of a "trans-national Islamist network" that
was also affiliated with the Dar Al Uloom al Islamiyah mosque in San
Bernardino, which terrorist
Syed Rizwan Farook
Syed Rizwan Farook attended
FBI Director Michael Heimbach said "We have
significant presence of
Tablighi Jamaat in the
United States and we
have found that al Qaeda used them for recruiting."
The American Foreign Policy Council's report on Tablighi Jamaat
The available data today indicates that TJ, at least in the
preponderance of locations around the World where it is found, can be
considered ipso facto a passive supporter of jihadist groups via its
reinforcement of strict Islamic norms, intolerance of other religious
traditions and unwavering commitment to Islamizing the entire planet.
. . However, its eschewal of politics (at least publicly) has enabled
TJ, in most venues, to escape suppression by wary government
According to French Tablighi expert Marc Gaborieau, its philosophy and
transnational goals include the "planned conquest of the
Due to the orthodox nature of Tablighi Jamaat, they have been
criticised for being retrogressive. The women in the movement observe
complete hijab for which the
Tablighi Jamaat is accused of keeping
women "strictly subservient and second string".
Tablighi Jamaat has also been criticized within Islamic circles and
the major opposition in the Indian subcontinent comes from the Barelvi
movement. One of the main criticisms against them is that the men
neglect and ignore their families, especially by going out on da'wa
Tablighi Jamaat participants, in response, argue that both
genders should be equally engaged in Tabligh. They further say that
women, like men, are also urged to carry the responsibility of Tabligh
and that men should facilitate women's participation by providing
Many critics, especially those from
Hizb ut-Tahrir and
Tabligh Jamaat for their neutral political
stance. They say that Islamist forces, during their conflicts with
secular or non-Islamist opponents, could have been helped by Tablighi
Jamaat followers. Specifically they criticize the
neutral position towards issues in South Asia such as the introduction
of an Islamic constitution in
Pakistan (1950s), Islam vs Socialism
(1969–1971), communal riots in
India in the 1970s and 1980s, the
Khatm-e-Nabuwwat Movement (1974), and Nizam-e-Mustafa Movement
(1977). The Tablighi Jamaat, in response, states that it is only
by avoiding the political debates that the
Tablighi Jamaat has been
successful in reawakening the spiritual conscience of the followers.
The apolitical stance also helped them operate in difficult times,
such as during the governments of Ayub Khan (1960s) and Indira Gandhi
(1975–77), when other sociopolitical Islamic groups faced
The difference of opinion regarding political participation also marks
the fundamental difference between the
Tablighi Jamaat and Islamist
movements. While the Islamists believe that the acquisition of
political power is the absolute requirement for the establishment of
an Islamic society, the
Tablighi Jamaat believes that merely the
political power is not enough to ensure effective organisation of the
Islamic social order. The exclusive focus of the Tablighi Jamaat's
attention is the individual, and members believe the reformation of
society and institutions will only be effective through education and
reform of individuals. They insist that nations and social systems
exist by the virtue of the individuals who form them; therefore, the
reform must begin at the grass-roots with individuals and not at the
higher level of political structure.
TJ have also been accused of insufficient orthodoxy and association
with Sufis. Abd al-Aziz ibn Baz, the former grand mufti of
Saudi Arabia is reported to have said that "Jama’atul-Tableegh ...
have many deviations. They have some aspects of bid‘ah and shirk, so
it is not permissible to go with them," Another Wahhabi
cleric, Falih Ibn Nafi Al-Harbi, has reportedly complained that TJ
"are the originator of fictitious tales and baseless stories and
people of bid‘ah." The elders of
Tablighi Jamaat are of the view
that there are different schools of thought in Islam (like other
religions), so emphasis on differences rather than unity will
segregate (disamalgamate) and weaken the Ummah (
Tablighi Jamaat has no membership lists or formal procedures for
membership which makes it difficult to quantify and verify
Former President of India, Dr.Zakir Husain (politician)[Zakir
Hussain]was associated with this movement. The former
chief minister of Punjab
Pervaiz Elahi is also a strong supporter of
the Tablighi Jamaat. During his tenure in 2011, 75 kanals of land were
purchased for a
Tablighi Jamaat mosque at the
Tariq Jameel is a prominent member of Tablighi
Former singer and pop star
Junaid Jamshed had close links with Tabligh
Jamaat, and his departure from his professional singing career is
attributed to his inclination towards the movement.
Singers, actors and models, including Attaullah Essa Khailwi,
Gulzar Alam, Bacha, Alamzeb Mujahid, are also affiliated
with the movement.
Former Lieutenant General, and heads of Inter-Services Intelligence,
Javed Nasir and General
Mahmud Ahmed of the
Pakistan Army both became
Tablighi Jamaat during their service. The Tablighi
Jamaat also has a notable following among Pakistani professional
cricketers: Shahid Afridi, Mohammad (formerly "Youhana") Yousuf and
the former cricketers Saqlain Mushtaq, Inzamam-ul-Haq, Mushtaq Ahmed,
Saeed Anwar and Saeed Ahmed are active members. Mohammad Yousuf's
conversion from Christianity to Islam is widely attributed to the
influence of the
Tabligh Jamaat. Other members included are Haji
Saifullah and many more.
^ In this background TJ suggest a series of books comprising Riyadus
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