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TööLö (Swedish : Tölö) is the collective name for the neighbourhoods Etu- Töölö (Swedish : Främre Tölö; lit. Front Töölö) and Taka- Töölö (Swedish : Bortre Tölö; lit. Rear Töölö) in Helsinki
Helsinki
, Finland . The neighbourhoods are located next to the city centre, occupying the western side of the Helsinki Peninsula.

Etu-Töölö, the southern neighbourhood, borders Kamppi
Kamppi
and is the location of the Finnish Parliament House . Taka-Töölö, the northern neighbourhood, borders Meilahti
Meilahti
and Laakso . Contrary to popular belief, Töölö is not the official name of any district or neighbourhood in Helsinki.

Töölö was built in 1920–1930 when Helsinki
Helsinki
suffered from rapid population growth and needed more housing. It was the site of the first ever town planning competition in Finland in 1898-1900. Three entries were lifted out for recognition; first prize was awarded to architect Gustaf Nyström (together with engineer Herman Norrmén), second prize to architect Lars Sonck , and third prize to a joint entry by Sonck together with architects Bertil Jung and Valter Thomé. Nyström's scheme represented classicism with wide main streets and imposing public buildings arranged in symmetrical axial compositions, and the other two extries following two picturesque theories of town planning proposed at that time by Viennese city planner Camillo Sitte , with the street network adapted to the rocky terrain and with picturesque compositions. Undecided what course of action to take, however, the City Council asked the prize-winners to submit new proposals. When this led to further stalemate Nyström and Sonck were commissioned to work together on the final plan combining Nyström's spacious street network and elements of Sonck's Sittesque details. The final plan (1916) under the direction of Jung, made the scheme more uniform, while the architecture is seen as typical of the Nordic Classicism style. A typical street in the plan is that of Museokatu, with tall lines of buildings in a classical style along a curving street line. A still wider (24 metres) new tree-lined boulevard was that of Helsinginkatu, driven through the working-class district of Kallio
Kallio
, first outlined in 1887 by Sonck, but with further input from Nyström, and completed in around 1923. However, despite these wide streets there are also several Sitte-inspired picturesque streets and squares, most notably Temppeliaukio square (in the centre of which is the "church in the rock") .

Töölö has always been respected as a place to live and the prices of apartments are high, especially in Etu-Töölö. Töölö is also known for its functionalist architecture, notably around Taka-Töölö. There are many parks, including Hesperia Park on the Töölö Bay and also Sibelius Park , named after composer Jean Sibelius and containing a monument in his name. Töölö also has a vibrant cultural life, being the location of the Finnish National Opera , the National Museum of Finland , Kunsthalle Helsinki, the Zoological Museum, Töölö Library, and many small galleries and bookstores. With the Olympic Stadium , Sonera Stadium
Sonera Stadium
, the Sports Hall and the Ice Hall , all within walking distance from each other, Taka- Töölö is also a significant neighbourhood for sport life in Helsinki.

NOTABLE SIGHTS

* Finnish Parliament House * Temppeliaukio church * The National Museum of Finland * Finlandia Hall
Finlandia Hall
* Finnish National Opera * Helsinki
Helsinki
Olympic Stadium * Hietaniemi Cemetery

REFERENCES

* ^ Riitta Nikula, Focus on Finnish 20th Century Architecture and Town Planning. Helsinki, Helsinki
Helsinki
University Press, 2006. * ^ Pekka Lehtinen, "The Boulevard of Helsinginkatu - A street project for an industrial city", Ptah, 1:2004, pp.55-63.

GALLERY

*

View from the south shore of Töölönlahti bay. *

Lastenlinna ("Children's Castle") hospital (1948) by Elsi Borg et al. *

Töölö Church (1930) by Hilding Ekelund. *

Temppeliaukio Church (1968) by Timo ">

Looking east towards Helsinki
Helsinki
Olympic Stadium. *

Sibelius Monument (1967) by Eila Hiltunen, in Sibelius Park. *

Kristuskyrkan Swedish Methodist church (1928) by Atte V. Willberg.

*

Töölö Bay

Media related to Töölö at Wikimedia Commons

* v * t * e

The official major districts of Helsinki
Helsinki
and their subdivision in neighbourhoods (and quarters)

Southern Eteläinen Södra

* 1. Kruununhaka
Kruununhaka
(Kronohagen) * 2. Kluuvi
Kluuvi
(Gloet) * 3. Kaartinkaupunki
Kaartinkaupunki
(Gardesstaden) * 4. Kamppi
Kamppi
(Kampen) * 5. Punavuori (Rödbergen) * 6. Eira
Eira
* 7. Ullanlinna (Ulrikasborg) * 8. Katajanokka (Skatudden) * 9. Kaivopuisto (Brunnsparken) * 13. Etu- Töölö (Främre Tölö) * 14. Taka- Töölö (Bortre Tölö)

* 20. Länsisatama (Västra hamnen)

* Ruoholahti (Gräsviken) * Salmisaari (Sundholmen) * Lapinlahti (Lappviken) * Jätkäsaari (Busholmen) * Hernesaari (Ärtholmen)

* 31. Lauttasaari (Drumsö) * 52. Suomenlinna
Suomenlinna
(Sveaborg)

Western Läntinen Västra

* 15. Meilahti
Meilahti
(Mejlans) * 16. Ruskeasuo (Brunakärr) * 18. Laakso (Dal)

* 29. Haaga
Haaga
(Haga)

* Etelä- Haaga
Haaga
(Södra Haga) * Kivihaka
Kivihaka
(Stenhagen) * Pohjois- Haaga
Haaga
(Norra Haga) * Lassila (Lassas)

* 30. Munkkiniemi (Munksnäs)

* Vanha Munkkiniemi (Gamla Munksnäs) * Kuusisaari (Granö) * Lehtisaari (Lövö) * Munkkivuori (Munkshöjden) * Niemenmäki (Näshöjden) * Talinranta (Talistranden)

* 32. Konala (Kånala)

* 33. Kaarela
Kaarela
(Kårböle)

* Kannelmäki (Gamlas) * Maununneva (Magnuskärr) * Malminkartano (Malmgård) * Hakuninmaa (Håkansåker) * Kuninkaantammi (Kungseken)

* 46. Pitäjänmäki (Sockenbacka)

* Pajamäki (Smedjebacka) * Tali * Reimarla (Reimars) * Marttila (Martas) * Pitäjänmäen teollisuusalue (Sockenbacka industriområde)

Central Keskinen Mellersta

* 10. Sörnäinen (Sörnäs)

* 11. Kallio
Kallio
(Berghäll)

* Siltasaari (Broholmen) * Linjat
Linjat
(Linjerna) * Torkkelinmäki (Torkelsbacken)

* 12. Alppiharju
Alppiharju
(Åshöjden)

* Harju (Ås) * Alppila
Alppila
(Alphyddan)

* 17. Pasila
Pasila
(Böle)

* Länsi- Pakila
Pakila
(Västra Böle) * Pohjois- Pasila
Pasila
(Norra Böle) * Itä- Pasila
Pasila
(Östra Böle) * Keski- Pasila
Pasila
(Mellersta Böle)

* 21. Hermanni (Hermanstad) * 22. Vallila (Vallgård)

* 23. Toukola (Majstad)

* Toukola (Majstad) * Arabianranta (Arabiastranden)

* 24. Kumpula (Gumtäkt) * 25. Käpylä
Käpylä
(Kottby) * 26. Koskela (Forsby) * 27. Vanhakaupunki (Gammelstaden)

Northern Pohjoinen Norra

* 28. Oulunkylä (Åggelby)

* Pirkkola (Britas) * Maunula (Månsas) * Metsälä (Krämertsskog) * Patola (Dammen) * Veräjämäki (Grindbacka) * Maunulanpuisto (Månsasparken) * Veräjälaakso (Grinddal)

* 34. Pakila
Pakila
(Baggböle)

* Länsi- Pakila
Pakila
(Västra Böle) * Itä- Pakila
Pakila
(Östra Baggböle)

* 35. Tuomarinkylä (Domarby)

* Paloheinä (Svedängen) * Torpparinmäki (Torparbacken) * Tuomarinkartano (Domargård) * Haltiala (Tomtbacka)

Northeastern Koillinen Nordöstra

* 36. Viikki (Vik)

* Viikinranta (Viksstranden) * Latokartano (Ladugården) * Viikin tiedepuisto (Viks forskarpark) * Viikinmäki (Viksbacka)

* 37. Pukinmäki (Bocksbacka)

* 38. Malmi (Malm)

* Ylä-Malmi (Övre Malm) * Ala-Malmi
Ala-Malmi
(Nedre Malm) * Pihlajamäki (Rönnbacka) * Tattariharju (Tattaråsen) * Malmin lentokenttä (Malms flygfält) * Pihlajisto (Rönninge)

* 39. Tapaninkylä (Staffansby)

* Tapaninvainio
Tapaninvainio
(Staffansslätten) * Tapanila (Mosabacka)

* 40. Suutarila (Skomakarböle)

* Siltamäki (Brobacka) * Tapulikaupunki
Tapulikaupunki
(Stapelstaden) * Töyrynummi (Lidamalmen)

* 41. Suurmetsä (Storskog)

* Puistola
Puistola
(Parkstad) * Heikinlaakso (Henriksdal) * Tattarisuo (Tattarmossen) * Jakomäki (Jakobacka)

Southeastern Kaakkoinen Sydöstra

* 19. Mustikkamaa-Korkeasaari (Blåbärslandet-Högholmen) * 42. Kulosaari (Brändö)

* 43. Herttoniemi (Hertonäs)

* Länsi- Herttoniemi (Västra Hertonäs) * Roihuvuori (Kasberget) * Herttoniemen teollisuusalue (Hertonäs industriområde) * Herttoniemenranta (Hertonäs strand)

* 44. Tammisalo
Tammisalo
(Tammelund) * 48. Vartiosaari (Vårdö)

* 49. Laajasalo (Degerö)

* Yliskylä (Uppby) * Jollas * Tullisaari (Turholm) * Tahvonlahti (Stansvik) * Hevossalmi (Hästnässund)

* 50. Villinki (Villinge) * 51. Santahamina (Sandhamn)

* 53. Ulkosaaret (Utöarna)

* Länsisaaret (Västra holmarna) * Itäsaaret (Östra holmarna) * Aluemeri (Territorialhavet)

Eastern Itäinen Östra

* 45. Vartiokylä
Vartiokylä
(Botby)

* Vartioharju (Botbyåsen) * Puotila
Puotila
(Botby gård) * Puotinharju
Puotinharju
(Botbyhöjden) * Myllypuro (Kvarnbäcken) * Marjaniemi
Marjaniemi
(Marudd) * Roihupellon teollisuusalue (Kasåkers industriområde) * Itäkeskus
Itäkeskus
(Östra centrum)

* 47. Mellunkylä (Mellungsby)

* Kontula (Gårdsbacka) * Vesala (Ärvings) * Mellunmäki (Mellungsbacka) * Kivikko
Kivikko
(Stensböle) * Kurkimäki (Tranbacka)

* 54. Vuosaari
Vuosaari
(Nordsjö)

* Keski- Vuosaari
Vuosaari
(Mellersta Nordsjö) * Nordsjön kartano
Nordsjön kartano
(Nordsjö gård) * Uutela
Uutela
(Nybondas) * Meri-Rastila
Meri-Rastila
(Havsrastböle) * Kallahti (Kallvik) * Aurinkolahti (Solvik) * Rastila
Rastila
(Rastböle) * Niinisaari (Bastö) * Mustavuori (Svarta backen)

Östersundom Östersundomin Östersundoms

* 55. Östersundom * 56. Salmenkallio (Sundberg) * 57. Talosaari (Husö) * 58.