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TööLö (Swedish : Tölö) is the collective name for the neighbourhoods Etu- Töölö
Töölö
(Swedish : Främre Tölö; lit. Front Töölö) and Taka- Töölö
Töölö
(Swedish : Bortre Tölö; lit. Rear Töölö) in Helsinki
Helsinki
, Finland
Finland
. The neighbourhoods are located next to the city centre, occupying the western side of the Helsinki Peninsula.

Etu-Töölö, the southern neighbourhood, borders Kamppi
Kamppi
and is the location of the Finnish Parliament House . Taka-Töölö, the northern neighbourhood, borders Meilahti and Laakso . Contrary to popular belief, Töölö
Töölö
is not the official name of any district or neighbourhood in Helsinki.

Töölö
Töölö
was built in 1920–1930 when Helsinki
Helsinki
suffered from rapid population growth and needed more housing. It was the site of the first ever town planning competition in Finland
Finland
in 1898-1900. Three entries were lifted out for recognition; first prize was awarded to architect Gustaf Nyström (together with engineer Herman Norrmén), second prize to architect Lars Sonck , and third prize to a joint entry by Sonck together with architects Bertil Jung and Valter Thomé. Nyström's scheme represented classicism with wide main streets and imposing public buildings arranged in symmetrical axial compositions, and the other two extries following two picturesque theories of town planning proposed at that time by Viennese city planner Camillo Sitte , with the street network adapted to the rocky terrain and with picturesque compositions. Undecided what course of action to take, however, the City Council asked the prize-winners to submit new proposals. When this led to further stalemate Nyström and Sonck were commissioned to work together on the final plan combining Nyström's spacious street network and elements of Sonck's Sittesque details. The final plan (1916) under the direction of Jung, made the scheme more uniform, while the architecture is seen as typical of the Nordic Classicism style. A typical street in the plan is that of Museokatu, with tall lines of buildings in a classical style along a curving street line. A still wider (24 metres) new tree-lined boulevard was that of Helsinginkatu, driven through the working-class district of Kallio , first outlined in 1887 by Sonck, but with further input from Nyström, and completed in around 1923. However, despite these wide streets there are also several Sitte-inspired picturesque streets and squares, most notably Temppeliaukio square (in the centre of which is the "church in the rock") .

Töölö
Töölö
has always been respected as a place to live and the prices of apartments are high, especially in Etu-Töölö. Töölö
Töölö
is also known for its functionalist architecture, notably around Taka-Töölö. There are many parks, including Hesperia Park on the Töölö
Töölö
Bay and also Sibelius Park , named after composer Jean Sibelius and containing a monument in his name. Töölö
Töölö
also has a vibrant cultural life, being the location of the Finnish National Opera , the National Museum of Finland
Finland
, Kunsthalle Helsinki, the Zoological Museum, Töölö
Töölö
Library, and many small galleries and bookstores. With the Olympic Stadium , Sonera Stadium , the Sports Hall and the Ice Hall , all within walking distance from each other, Taka- Töölö
Töölö
is also a significant neighbourhood for sport life in Helsinki.

NOTABLE SIGHTS

* Finnish Parliament House * Temppeliaukio church * The National Museum of Finland
Finland
* Finlandia Hall
Finlandia Hall
* Finnish National Opera * Helsinki
Helsinki
Olympic Stadium * Hietaniemi Cemetery
Hietaniemi Cemetery

REFERENCES

* ^ Riitta Nikula, Focus on Finnish 20th Century Architecture and Town Planning. Helsinki, Helsinki
Helsinki
University Press, 2006. * ^ Pekka Lehtinen, "The Boulevard of Helsinginkatu - A street project for an industrial city", Ptah, 1:2004, pp.55-63.

GALLERY

*

View from the south shore of Töölönlahti bay. *

Lastenlinna ("Children's Castle") hospital (1948) by Elsi Borg et al. *

Töölö
Töölö
Church (1930) by Hilding Ekelund. *

Temppeliaukio Church (1968) by Timo ">

Looking east towards Helsinki
Helsinki
Olympic Stadium. *

Sibelius Monument (1967) by Eila Hiltunen, in Sibelius Park. *

Kristuskyrkan Swedish Methodist church (1928) by Atte V. Willberg.

*

Töölö
Töölö
Bay

Media related to Töölö
Töölö
at Wikimedia Commons

* v * t * e

The official major districts of Helsinki
Helsinki
and their subdivision in neighbourhoods (and quarters)

Southern Eteläinen Södra

* 1. Kruununhaka (Kronohagen) * 2. Kluuvi (Gloet) * 3. Kaartinkaupunki
Kaartinkaupunki
(Gardesstaden) * 4. Kamppi
Kamppi
(Kampen) * 5. Punavuori
Punavuori
(Rödbergen) * 6. Eira
Eira
* 7. Ullanlinna
Ullanlinna
(Ulrikasborg) * 8. Katajanokka
Katajanokka
(Skatudden) * 9. Kaivopuisto
Kaivopuisto
(Brunnsparken) * 13. Etu- Töölö
Töölö
(Främre Tölö) * 14. Taka- Töölö
Töölö
(Bortre Tölö)

* 20. Länsisatama (Västra hamnen)

* Ruoholahti (Gräsviken) * Salmisaari (Sundholmen) * Lapinlahti (Lappviken) * Jätkäsaari (Busholmen) * Hernesaari (Ärtholmen)

* 31. Lauttasaari (Drumsö) * 52. Suomenlinna
Suomenlinna
(Sveaborg)

Western Läntinen Västra

* 15. Meilahti (Mejlans) * 16. Ruskeasuo (Brunakärr) * 18. Laakso (Dal)

* 29. Haaga
Haaga
(Haga)

* Etelä- Haaga
Haaga
(Södra Haga) * Kivihaka (Stenhagen) * Pohjois- Haaga
Haaga
(Norra Haga) * Lassila (Lassas)

* 30. Munkkiniemi
Munkkiniemi
(Munksnäs)

* Vanha Munkkiniemi
Munkkiniemi
(Gamla Munksnäs) * Kuusisaari (Granö) * Lehtisaari (Lövö) * Munkkivuori
Munkkivuori
(Munkshöjden) * Niemenmäki (Näshöjden) * Talinranta
Talinranta
(Talistranden)

* 32. Konala (Kånala)

* 33. Kaarela
Kaarela
(Kårböle)

* Kannelmäki
Kannelmäki
(Gamlas) * Maununneva (Magnuskärr) * Malminkartano (Malmgård) * Hakuninmaa
Hakuninmaa
(Håkansåker) * Kuninkaantammi
Kuninkaantammi
(Kungseken)

* 46. Pitäjänmäki
Pitäjänmäki
(Sockenbacka)

* Pajamäki (Smedjebacka) * Tali * Reimarla (Reimars) * Marttila (Martas) * Pitäjänmäen teollisuusalue (Sockenbacka industriområde)

Central Keskinen Mellersta

* 10. Sörnäinen (Sörnäs)

* 11. Kallio (Berghäll)

* Siltasaari (Broholmen) * Linjat (Linjerna) * Torkkelinmäki
Torkkelinmäki
(Torkelsbacken)

* 12. Alppiharju (Åshöjden)

* Harju (Ås) * Alppila (Alphyddan)

* 17. Pasila (Böle)

* Länsi- Pakila (Västra Böle) * Pohjois- Pasila (Norra Böle) * Itä- Pasila (Östra Böle) * Keski- Pasila (Mellersta Böle)

* 21. Hermanni (Hermanstad) * 22. Vallila
Vallila
(Vallgård)

* 23. Toukola (Majstad)

* Toukola (Majstad) * Arabianranta (Arabiastranden)

* 24. Kumpula (Gumtäkt) * 25. Käpylä
Käpylä
(Kottby) * 26. Koskela (Forsby) * 27. Vanhakaupunki
Vanhakaupunki
(Gammelstaden)

Northern Pohjoinen Norra

* 28. Oulunkylä (Åggelby)

* Pirkkola (Britas) * Maunula (Månsas) * Metsälä (Krämertsskog) * Patola (Dammen) * Veräjämäki (Grindbacka) * Maunulanpuisto (Månsasparken) * Veräjälaakso (Grinddal)

* 34. Pakila (Baggböle)

* Länsi- Pakila (Västra Böle) * Itä- Pakila (Östra Baggböle)

* 35. Tuomarinkylä (Domarby)

* Paloheinä (Svedängen) * Torpparinmäki (Torparbacken) * Tuomarinkartano (Domargård) * Haltiala (Tomtbacka)

Northeastern Koillinen Nordöstra

* 36. Viikki (Vik)

* Viikinranta (Viksstranden) * Latokartano
Latokartano
(Ladugården) * Viikin tiedepuisto (Viks forskarpark) * Viikinmäki (Viksbacka)

* 37. Pukinmäki (Bocksbacka)

* 38. Malmi (Malm)

* Ylä-Malmi (Övre Malm) * Ala-Malmi (Nedre Malm) * Pihlajamäki
Pihlajamäki
(Rönnbacka) * Tattariharju
Tattariharju
(Tattaråsen) * Malmin lentokenttä (Malms flygfält) * Pihlajisto (Rönninge)

* 39. Tapaninkylä (Staffansby)

* Tapaninvainio (Staffansslätten) * Tapanila
Tapanila
(Mosabacka)

* 40. Suutarila (Skomakarböle)

* Siltamäki (Brobacka) * Tapulikaupunki (Stapelstaden) * Töyrynummi (Lidamalmen)

* 41. Suurmetsä (Storskog)

* Puistola (Parkstad) * Heikinlaakso (Henriksdal) * Tattarisuo (Tattarmossen) * Jakomäki (Jakobacka)

Southeastern Kaakkoinen Sydöstra

* 19. Mustikkamaa-Korkeasaari (Blåbärslandet-Högholmen) * 42. Kulosaari (Brändö)

* 43. Herttoniemi (Hertonäs)

* Länsi- Herttoniemi (Västra Hertonäs) * Roihuvuori (Kasberget) * Herttoniemen teollisuusalue (Hertonäs industriområde) * Herttoniemenranta (Hertonäs strand)

* 44. Tammisalo
Tammisalo
(Tammelund) * 48. Vartiosaari (Vårdö)

* 49. Laajasalo
Laajasalo
(Degerö)

* Yliskylä (Uppby) * Jollas * Tullisaari (Turholm) * Tahvonlahti (Stansvik) * Hevossalmi (Hästnässund)

* 50. Villinki (Villinge) * 51. Santahamina (Sandhamn)

* 53. Ulkosaaret (Utöarna)

* Länsisaaret (Västra holmarna) * Itäsaaret (Östra holmarna) * Aluemeri
Aluemeri
(Territorialhavet)

Eastern Itäinen Östra

* 45. Vartiokylä
Vartiokylä
(Botby)

* Vartioharju (Botbyåsen) * Puotila
Puotila
(Botby gård) * Puotinharju (Botbyhöjden) * Myllypuro (Kvarnbäcken) * Marjaniemi (Marudd) * Roihupellon teollisuusalue (Kasåkers industriområde) * Itäkeskus
Itäkeskus
(Östra centrum)

* 47. Mellunkylä (Mellungsby)

* Kontula (Gårdsbacka) * Vesala (Ärvings) * Mellunmäki (Mellungsbacka) * Kivikko (Stensböle) * Kurkimäki (Tranbacka)

* 54. Vuosaari
Vuosaari
(Nordsjö)

* Keski- Vuosaari
Vuosaari
(Mellersta Nordsjö) * Nordsjön kartano (Nordsjö gård) * Uutela (Nybondas) * Meri-Rastila (Havsrastböle) * Kallahti (Kallvik) * Aurinkolahti (Solvik) * Rastila (Rastböle) * Niinisaari