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Sydney Parkinson
Sydney Parkinson
(c. 1745 – 26 January 1771) was a Scottish botanical illustrator and natural history artist. He was the first European artist to visit Australia, New Zealand and Tahiti.[1] Parkinson was employed by Joseph Banks
Joseph Banks
to travel with him on James Cook's first voyage to the Pacific
Pacific
in 1768,[2] in HMS Endeavour. Parkinson made nearly a thousand drawings of plants and animals collected by Banks and Daniel Solander
Daniel Solander
on the voyage. He had to work in difficult conditions, living and working in a small cabin surrounded by hundreds of specimens. In Tahiti
Tahiti
he was plagued by swarms of flies which ate the paint as he worked. He died at sea on the way to Cape Town
Cape Town
of dysentery contracted at Princes' Island off the western end of Java. Banks paid his outstanding salary to his brother. Parkinson is commemorated in the common and scientific name of the Parkinson's petrel
Parkinson's petrel
Procellaria parkinsoni. The great Florilegium of his work was finally published in 1988 by Alecto Historical Editions in 35 volumes and has since been digitized by the Natural History Museum in London. In 1986 he was honoured on a postage stamp depicting his portrait issued by Australia Post
Australia Post
[1] The following are some examples of Parkinson's artistic work:

Banksia serrata

Banksia integrifolia

Banksia ericifolia

Banksia dentata

The standard author abbreviation Parkinson is used to indicate this person as the author when citing a botanical name.[3]

Contents

1 See also 2 References 3 External links 4 Further reading

See also[edit]

Visual arts of Australia List of Australian botanical illustrators European and American voyages of scientific exploration

References[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sydney Parkinson.

^ Paul Barker, "Wide-eyes on a painted ocean", The Guardian, republished in Sydney Morning Herald, 10 July 1999, Spectrum, p. 13s ^ "Sydney Parkinson, botanical draughtsman". Enlarging the prospects of happiness: European travel writing through the ages. Online exhibition. University of Otago. Retrieved 12 June 2015.  ^ IPNI.  Parkinson. 

Birds - The Art of Ornithology, Jonathan Elphick (2004) ISBN 1-902686-39-X

External links[edit]

Parkinson's posthumously published Journal, 1773, online at the National Library of Australia

Further reading[edit]

de Bray, Lys (2001). The Art of Botanical Illustration: A history of classic illustrators and their achievements, pp. 72, 77. Quantum Publishing Ltd., London. ISBN 1-86160-425-4.

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 22258698 LCCN: n83022707 ISNI: 0000 0000 8101 2062 GND: 12220655X SUDOC: 067020356 BNF: cb12564061q (data) ULAN: 500005530 Botanist: Parkinson RKD: 61

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