SYDENHAM HILL is a hill and an affluent locality in south east
London. It is also the name of a road which runs along the northern
eastern part of the ridge, forming the boundary between the London
* 1 Geography * 2 History * 3 Area
* 4 Transport
* 4.1 Bus * 4.2 Railway
* 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links
College Road, SE21, Sydenham Hill
Sydenham Hill is approximately 5.6 miles to the south east of Charing Cross . It is also at the centre of many of south London's major shopping districts being 3.6 miles south of Lewisham, 4.6 miles north west of Bromley and 4 miles north of Croydon.
Sydenham Hill (as well as Upper Sydenham) is located on the large
Norwood Ridge formed of London Claygate beds deposits. As a result,
Sydenham Hill is one of the highest points in London at 367 feet (112
Sydenham Hill Wood is a nine-hectare nature reserve located west
Sydenham Hill Road, along with
Sydenham Hill Golf
course. The hill was once covered by the
Great North Wood
The hill was once covered by the
Great North Wood
In 1863, the Chatham Main Line was opened by the London, Chatham and Dover Railway , bringing the railway to Sydenham Hill. Construction involved building a 1.2 mile (1,958 meter) tunnel through the hill, starting at College Road, going under Sydenham, and ending below the Brighton Main Line at Penge. 19 years later in 1884, another line was opened, this time to serve the Crystal Palace. The line had a new station at Upper Sydenham on the southern edge of the ridge, with direct trains to London Victoria via Peckham Rye. However, the line was poorly used, and the destruction of the Crystal Palace made the situation worse, despite the rapid growth of the area. The railway line finally closed in 1954 leaving an abandoned tunnel within the Sydenham Hill Woods.
Paying the toll at the College Road, SE21 tollgate, which dates back to 1789.
The area west of the woods is widely known as Dulwich, corresponding to the postal code area (SE21), with the east side of the woods being known simply as Sydenham, or Upper Sydenham, corresponding to the SE26 postal area.
The area is almost 100% residential and have many large homes dating from the 1800s. As of April 2015, the estimated average house price on College Road is £854,149, while on Sydenham Hill (road) the average is £437,478, with both roads having homes in the £1–6 million range. College Road is a private road, with a toll towards Hunts Slip Road, dating back to the 1780s. On the other side of the railway is the Kingswood Housing Estate, with the Dulwich Wood Primary, Kingsdale Foundation Schools and the Kingswood House Community Centre.
Other roads on the hill include Crescent Wood Road, Woodhall Drive, Hitherwood Drive and Great Brownings.
Sydenham Hill station
Transport for London Bus routes 202, 356, 363, N63 run along the Sydenham Hill road. Routes 450 and 931 (Fridays only) serves Fountain Drive and the Kingswood Estate.
Sydenham Hill railway station is located on the private College Road, with another entrance in the Kingswood Estate. The station is served by Southeastern services to London Victoria , Herne Hill , Beckenham Junction , Bromley South and Orpington , with a frequency of every 15 minutes Monday to Saturday, 30 minutes on Sundays. Thameslink also run weekday peak-only services to St Pancras International and Bedford . Sydenham Hill is one of a handful of stations in London not to have a dedicated bus stop, with the closest being on Kingswood Drive, 0.3 miles away.
* ^ Evans, Humphrey (28 December 2003). "Secret London: Sydenham Hill – The view from the bridge". _The Independent on Sunday_.