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Sydenham Hill is a hill and an affluent locality in southeast London. It is also the name of a road which runs along the northeastern part of the ridge, forming the boundary between the London Borough of Southwark, London Borough of Bromley and the London Borough of Lewisham. The highest part of the hill is the highest point of the Boroughs of both Southwark and Lewisham, as well as being one of the highest points in the whole of London, at 367 feet (112 m). The road connects the A205 road in the northeast at Forest Hill with the A212 road to the southwest at Crystal Palace. Sydenham Hill railway station, Sydenham Hill Wood nature reserve and Dulwich and Sydenham Hill Golf course are located to the west and within Southwark. As well as Southwark and Lewisham, the London boroughs of Lambeth, Croydon and Bromley all have part of the hill within their jurisdiction.

Contents

1 Geography 2 History 3 Area 4 Transport

4.1 Bus 4.2 Railway

5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Geography[edit]

College Road, SE21, Sydenham Hill

Sydenham Hill is approximately 5.6 miles to the southeast of Charing Cross. It is also at the centre of many of south London's major shopping districts being 3.6 miles south of Lewisham, 4.6 miles northwest of Bromley and 4 miles north of Croydon. Sydenham Hill (as well as Upper Sydenham) is located on the large Norwood Ridge formed of London Claygate beds deposits. As a result, Sydenham Hill is one of the highest points in London at 367 feet (112 m). Sydenham Hill Wood is a nine-hectare[1] nature reserve located west of Sydenham Hill Road, along with Dulwich and Sydenham Hill Golf course. The hill was once covered by the Great North Wood which covered all of Sydenham, Norwood, Woodside, Gipsy Hill etc. History[edit] The hill was once covered by the Great North Wood. In the 19th Century Sydenham Hill became a fashionable area, with large a number of large residential properties built along Sydenham Hill, including Grange Court (1861), The Wood (1840), Dilkhoosh (now Fountain House) (1864), Highfield (1855), The Cedars (1894), Sydenham Hill House (1898), Dulwich Wood House (1858), Beltwood House (1851) and Castlebar (1879).[2] In 1854, the areas importance was increased after the Crystal Palace was relocated from Hyde Park and re-erected on the southwestern end of the ridge. In 1863, the Chatham Main Line was opened by the London, Chatham and Dover Railway, bringing the railway to Sydenham Hill. Construction involved building a 1.2 mile (1,958 meter) tunnel through the hill, starting at College Road, going under Sydenham, and ending below the Brighton Main Line at Penge. 19 years later in 1884, another line was opened, this time to serve the Crystal Palace. The line had a new station at Upper Sydenham on the southern edge of the ridge, with direct trains to London Victoria via Peckham Rye. However, the line was poorly used, and the destruction of the Crystal Palace made the situation worse, despite the rapid growth of the area. The railway line finally closed in 1954 leaving an abandoned tunnel within the Sydenham Hill Woods. Area[edit]

Paying the toll at the College Road, SE21 tollgate, which dates back to 1789.

The area west of the woods is widely known as Dulwich, corresponding to the postal code area (SE21), with the east side of the woods being known simply as Sydenham, or Upper Sydenham, corresponding to the SE26 postal area. The area is almost 100% residential and have many large homes dating from the 1800s. As of April 2015, the estimated average house price on College Road is £854,149,[3] while on Sydenham Hill (road) the average is £437,478,[4] with both roads having homes in the £1–6 million range. College Road is a private road, with a toll towards Hunts Slip Road, dating back to the 1780s. On the other side of the railway is the Kingswood Housing Estate, with the Dulwich Wood Primary, Kingsdale Foundation Schools and the Kingswood House Community Centre. Other roads on the hill include Crescent Wood Road, Woodhall Drive, Hitherwood Drive and Great Brownings. Transport[edit]

Sydenham Hill station

Bus[edit] Transport for London Bus routes 202, 356, 363, N63 run along the Sydenham Hill road. Routes 450 and 931 (Fridays only) serves Fountain Drive and the Kingswood Estate. Railway[edit] Sydenham Hill railway station is located on the private College Road, with another entrance in the Kingswood Estate. The station is served by Southeastern services to London Victoria, Herne Hill, Beckenham Junction, Bromley South and Orpington, with a frequency of every 15 minutes Monday to Saturday, 30 minutes on Sundays. Thameslink also run weekday peak-only services to St Pancras International and Bedford. Sydenham Hill is one of a handful of stations in London not to have a dedicated bus stop, with the closest being on Kingswood Drive, 0.3 miles away. See also[edit]

Sydenham Sydenham Hill railway station Dulwich Crystal Palace Forest Hill

References[edit]

^ Evans, Humphrey (28 December 2003). "Secret London: Sydenham Hill – The view from the bridge". The Independent on Sunday. Retrieved 19 July 2012.  ^ "Thames Tributary Effra – Gipsy Hill". Edith's Streets. 17 May 2010. Retrieved 31 August 2011.  ^ "Zoopla – College Road, SE21". http://www.zoopla.co.uk/home-values/london/college-road-se21/?category=residential&q=College%20Road%2C%20London%20SE21&search_source=nav&so=price&sd=desc.  External link in website= (help); Missing or empty url= (help); access-date= requires url= (help) Zoopla – College Road, SE21. Accessed 4 April 2015 ^ "Zoopla – Sydenham Hill". http://www.zoopla.co.uk/home-values/london/sydenham-hill-se26/?category=residential&q=Sydenham%20Hill%2C%20London%20SE26&search_source=nav.  External link in website= (help); Missing or empty url= (help); access-date= requires url= (help)

External links[edit]

Sydenham Hill In Old Photos

v t e

London Borough of Southwark

Districts

Bankside Bermondsey Borough/Southwark Camberwell Crystal Palace Denmark Hill Dulwich Dulwich Village East Dulwich Elephant and Castle Herne Hill Honor Oak Newington Nunhead Peckham Peckham Rye Rotherhithe South Bank South Bermondsey Surrey Quays Sydenham Hill Upper Norwood Walworth West Dulwich

Attractions

Bankside Gallery Bramah Tea and Coffee Museum Brunel Museum City Hall The Clink Cuming Museum Dulwich Picture Gallery Fire Brigade Museum Globe Theatre Greenwood Theatre Hay's Galleria Herne Hill Stadium House of Dreams Museum HMS Belfast Imperial War Museum Livesey Museum for Children London Dungeon Mandela Way T-34 Tank Old Operating Theatre Museum and Herb Garret The Old Vic OXO Tower Pumphouse Educational Museum Purdy Hicks Gallery Rose Theatre Sam Wanamaker Playhouse The Shard South Bank South London Gallery Southwark Cathedral Tate Modern Unicorn Theatre Winchester Palace

Markets

Borough East Street

Bridges and tunnels

Blackfriars Bridge Blackfriars Railway Bridge Cannon Street Railway Bridge London Bridge Millennium Bridge Rotherhithe Tunnel Southwark Bridge Tower Bridge Waterloo Bridge

Parks and open spaces

Belair Park Bermondsey Spa Gardens Brimmington Park Burgess Park Dickens Square Park Dulwich Park Faraday Gardens Geraldine Mary Harmsworth Park Little Dorrit Park Newington Gardens Southwark Park Tabard Park

Constituencies

Camberwell and Peckham North Southwark and Bermondsey Dulwich and West Norwood

Tube and rail stations

Bermondsey Borough Canada Water Denmark Hill Elephant and Castle Kennington London Bridge Nunhead Queens Road Peckham Peckham Rye Rotherhithe South Bermondsey Southwark Surrey Quays Sydenham Hill West Dulwich

Other topics

Council Grade I and II* listed buildings People Public art Schools

v t e

London Borough of Lewisham

Districts

Bell Green Bellingham Blackheath Brockley Catford Chinbrook Crofton Park Crystal Palace Deptford Downham Forest Hill Grove Park Hither Green Honor Oak Ladywell Lee Lewisham Lower Sydenham Mottingham New Cross Perry Vale Southend St Johns Sydenham Sydenham Hill Upper Sydenham Telegraph Hill, Lewisham

Attractions

Albany Theatre Broadway Theatre, Catford Deptford Market Honor Oak Gallery Horniman Museum Laban Dance Centre The London Theatre The Den (Millwall Football Club) Rivoli Ballroom St. Paul's, Deptford

Parks and open spaces

Beckenham Place Gardens Bridge House Meadows Chinbrook Meadows Deptford Park Downham Park Folkestone Gardens Fordham Park Forster Memorial Park Hilly Fields Park Ladywell Fields Lewisham Park Manor House Gardens Mayow Park Mountsfield Park Pepys Park Sydenham Wells Park

Constituencies

Lewisham West and Penge Lewisham East Lewisham Deptford

Rail stations

Beckenham Hill Bellingham Blackheath Brockley Catford Catford Bridge Crofton Park Deptford Deptford Bridge Elveson Road Forest Hill Grove Park Hither Green Honor Oak Park Ladywell Lewisham Lee Lower Sydenham New Cross New Cross Gate St Johns Sydenham

Other topics

Council Grade I and II* listed buildings People

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