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SWISS INTERNATIONAL AIR LINES AG (short SWISS, stylized as SWISS) is the national airline of Switzerland
Switzerland
operating scheduled services in Europe and to North America, South America, Africa and Asia. Its main hub is Zurich Airport , with a focus city operation at Geneva Airport . The airline was formed after the 2001 bankruptcy of Swissair , Switzerland's former flag carrier .

Swiss is a member of the Star Alliance . It is a subsidiary of the Lufthansa Group
Lufthansa Group
, with headquarters at EuroAirport Basel-Mulhouse-Freiburg near Basel
Basel
, Switzerland, and an office at Zurich Airport in Kloten
Kloten
, Switzerland
Switzerland
. The company's registered office is in Basel. The airline uses the IATA code LX that it inherited from the Swiss regional airline Crossair ( Swissair 's code was SR). The ICAO
ICAO
code is SWR, inherited from Swissair (Crossair's was CRX), in order to keep international traffic rights.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Beginnings * 1.2 Recovery * 1.3 Takeover by Lufthansa
Lufthansa

* 2 Corporate affairs and identity

* 2.1 Head office * 2.2 Subsidiaries

* 3 Destinations

* 3.1 Codeshare agreements

* 4 Onboard services * 5 Rail and bus services

* 6 Fleet

* 6.1 Current fleet * 6.2 Fleet development * 6.3 Retired Fleet

* 7 References * 8 External links

HISTORY

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BEGINNINGS

Swiss was formed after the 2002 bankruptcy of Swissair , Switzerland's former flag carrier . Crossair had 40% of its income come from the defunct Swissair. The new airline's losses totaled US$1.6 billion from startup until 2005. Swissair's biggest creditors, Credit Suisse and UBS , sold part of Swissair's assets to Crossair , the regional counterpart to the transatlantic Swissair. At the time, both Swissair and Crossair were under the same holding company, called SAirGroup . Crossair later changed its name to Swiss International Air Lines, and the new national airline started its operations officially on 31 March 2002. The airline was first owned by institutional investors (61.3%), the Swiss Confederation
Swiss Confederation
(20.3%), cantons and communities (12.2%) and others (6.2%). Swiss also owns subsidiary companies Swiss Sun (100%) and Crossair Europe (99.9%). It has a total of 7,383 employees.

According to Marcel Biedermann, the managing director of intercontinental markets for Swiss, there were three possibilities: stay independent as a niche carrier, shrink to an unrecognisable level, or attach onto another airline group. The last choice was taken. Swiss talked to Air France-KLM , British Airways , and Lufthansa
Lufthansa
. However, Swiss was tied up with debt and an uncertain future, and seemed to be an unattractive investment. After merging with KLM
KLM
, Air France
Air France
said they were too busy to deal with Swiss joining them. British Airways was open, and Oneworld partners thought Zurich Airport would be a viable alternative hub for London Heathrow . The logo used by SWISS from 2002 until 2011. Airbus A320s in the former livery

After almost a year of disputes, Swiss was finally accepted into the Oneworld airline alliance , after having been blocked by British Airways , which competes with Swiss on many long-haul routes. On 3 June 2004, Swiss announced its decision not to join Oneworld because they did not want to integrate their current frequent flyer program into British Airways ' Executive Club . Furthermore, Swiss thought the relationship was one sided, where British Airways sapped out the benefits of the airline, but they would get no return.

RECOVERY

The airline annually halved its losses, and in 2006 recorded a net profit of $220 million. The net profit for 2007 was $570 million. Biedermann stated in the March 2008 edition of "Airways", that "this was the beginning of getting our house back in order." He said that help was needed and looked up to Lufthansa
Lufthansa
as a comparison, so their coming together was natural, even with their differences. Even with the smaller network, Swiss carries the same number of passengers as they did in 2002.

On 22 March 2005 Lufthansa Group
Lufthansa Group
confirmed its plan to take over Swiss, starting with a minority stake (11%) of a new company set up to hold Swiss shares called AIR TRUST. The Swiss operations were gradually integrated with Lufthansa's from late 2005, and the takeover was completed on 1 July 2007. Swiss joined the Star Alliance and became a member of Lufthansa's Miles and More frequent flyer program on 1 April 2006. Swiss Airbus A321-200 in the current, revised livery

The airline has set up a regional airline subsidiary called Swiss European Air Lines . This carrier has its own air operator's certificate. The two independently operating divisions Swiss Aviation Training and Swiss WorldCargo (using the belly capacity of passenger planes) are also owned by Swiss.

In 2008 Swiss International Air Lines
Swiss International Air Lines
acquired Edelweiss Air and Servair - now Swiss Private Aviation . From February 2011, Swiss Private Aviation ceased to operate as a result of internal reconstruction. The company recommended Lufthansa
Lufthansa
Private Jet Service as a succedaneum.

In 2007 Swiss placed an order for 9 Airbus A330-300s to eventually replace the existing A330-200s. The A330-300 is more environmentally friendly and has three-class seating. As each A330-300 arrived, an A330-200 was retired from the fleet. The first A330-300 jet was put into service from Zurich
Zurich
to New York-JFK in April 2009. In spring 2010 Swiss operated 5 A330-300s for mid- and long-haul routes. The remaining 4 A330-300 aircraft joined the fleet in 2011.

TAKEOVER BY LUFTHANSA

Following Lufthansa Group
Lufthansa Group
takeover, the regional fleet was changed from Crossair's Embraer
Embraer
ERJs and Saabs to Avro RJs , which are flown by a wholly owned subsidiary , Swiss Global Air Lines . The rest of the fleet, apart from the regional jets, was also rationalised and is now mainly Airbus aircraft apart from the Boeing 777
Boeing 777
, which is operated by Swiss Global Air Lines .

The airline reconstruction also caused Swiss to renegotiate their supplier contracts, which include ground handling , maintenance , food service, and labour. The shareholders of Swiss received a performance-based option for their shares. Payment will be in 2008, and the amount will depend on how well Lufthansa's shares compare with competitors' shares. Lufthansa
Lufthansa
continues to maintain Swiss as a separate brand.

In 2010, Swiss and Lufthansa
Lufthansa
were named in a European Commission investigation into price-fixing, but was not fined due to acting as a whistleblower.

On 18 August 2011, Swiss announced a new logo for their company, resembling the logo of the defunct Swissair . The new logo lead to vivid online criticism, within days several protest groups on social media platforms appeared. Swiss Airbus A320-214, HB-IJD in the new livery

CORPORATE AFFAIRS AND IDENTITY

HEAD OFFICE

Swiss International Air Lines
Swiss International Air Lines
head office at EuroAirport Swiss lounge at John F. Kennedy International Airport

Swiss International Air Lines
Swiss International Air Lines
has its operational headquarters at EuroAirport Basel-Mulhouse-Freiburg near Basel
Basel
, Switzerland
Switzerland
. This French -Swiss binational airport is located on French territory and has customs-free access to Switzerland
Switzerland
. The Swiss head office is located in the Swiss section of the airport, and it is only accessible from Switzerland. According to the commercial register, the legal seat is in Basel
Basel
itself.

The current Swiss International Air Lines
Swiss International Air Lines
head office was formerly the head office of Crossair . In 2002 the name "Crossair" was replaced with "Swiss International Air Lines" on the head office building. As of 2004 the Basel
Basel
area offices housed about 1,000 employees, while the Zurich
Zurich
area offices housed about 850 employees. When Swiss started as a company, about 1,400-1,500 worked at the Basel
Basel
offices.

SUBSIDIARIES

The following companies are part of the Swiss International Air Lines Group:

* Edelweiss Air * Swiss AviationSoftware * Swiss Aviation Training * Swiss Global Air Lines * Swiss PrivateAviation * Swiss WorldCargo

DESTINATIONS

Main article: Swiss International Air Lines destinations Swiss destinations map (August 2015)

In 2009, the airline announced a major expansion at EuroAirport Basel-Mulhouse-Freiburg in an attempt to win back market share from budget airlines using the airport. However, Swiss has now pulled out from this airport.

CODESHARE AGREEMENTS

Swiss International has codeshare agreements with the following airlines:

* Adria Airways * Aegean Airlines
Aegean Airlines
* Air Canada * Air China * Air France
Air France
* Air India
Air India
* Air Malta * All Nippon Airways * Austrian Airlines * Brussels Airlines * Cathay Pacific * Croatia Airlines * Edelweiss Air * EgyptAir
EgyptAir
* El Al
El Al
* Eurowings * Germanwings
Germanwings
* LATAM Brasil * LOT Polish Airlines * Lufthansa
Lufthansa
* Scandinavian Airlines * Singapore Airlines * South African Airways * TAP Portugal
TAP Portugal
* Thai Airways
Thai Airways
* United Airlines
United Airlines

ONBOARD SERVICES

On all intra-European flights, Swiss offers drink services. Depending on the time of day and the scheduled flight duration, Swiss may also offer snack services. On shorter flights, cold snacks are offered, and hot snacks are offered on longer flights. The Europe economy class services include sandwiches from a Swiss bakery. In addition, Swiss chocolate is provided to passengers prior to landing on most flights.

RAIL AND BUS SERVICES

Swiss maintains the Airtrain service, a shuttle from Zürich Airport to Basel
Basel
SBB railway station .

Swiss previously operated its Swissbus service from Ottawa Railway Station to Dorval Airport in Montreal for its customers.

FLEET

For the subsidiary, see Swiss Global Air Lines § Fleet .

CURRENT FLEET

Swiss Airbus A320-214 in the new livery with large titles and no engine logos SWISS Boeing 777
Boeing 777
in the new livery Swiss' first Bombardier CS300 in the special Romany livery SWISS Airbus A330-300
Airbus A330-300
in the current livery SWISS Bombardier CS100 in the current livery

As of May 2017, the Swiss International Air Lines
Swiss International Air Lines
(and regional subsidiary Swiss Global Air Lines) fleet consists of the following aircraft:

Swiss International Air Lines
Swiss International Air Lines
Fleet AIRCRAFT IN SERVICE ORDERS PASSENGERS NOTES

F C Y TOTAL REFS

Airbus A319-100 5 — — 42 96 138

Being replaced by Bombardier CS300

Airbus A320-200 21 — — — 168 168

3 in Star Alliance livery. Older A320s will be replaced by Airbus A320neos.

30 150 180

Airbus A320neo — 10

TBA Will gradually replace older A320s

Airbus A321-100 6 — — 48 171 219

Older A321s being replaced by Airbus A321neos

Airbus A321-200 3 —

Airbus A321neo — 5 TBA Delivery will start from 2019 to 2022 To replace older A321's

Airbus A330-300
Airbus A330-300
14 — 8 45 183 236

Airbus A340-300 7 — 8 47 164 219

5 aircraft will finally remain in the fleet. Other will replaced by Boeing 777-300ER operated by Swiss Global Air Lines .

SWISS GLOBAL AIR LINES FLEET

Avro RJ100 1 — — 35 62 97

To be phased out by 14 August 2017 Being replaced by Bombardier CSeries
Bombardier CSeries

Boeing 777-300ER 8 2 8 62 270 340

Bombardier CS100 8 2 — 20 105 125

Replacing RJ100s/older A319s/A320s

Bombardier CS300 2 18 — 30 115 145

TOTAL 75 37

The subsidiary Swiss Global Air Lines operates a fleet consisting of Avro RJ100 , Boeing 777-300ER and Bombardier CSeries
Bombardier CSeries
aircraft on behalf of Swiss International Air Lines. Additionally, Swiss carrier Helvetic Airways operates four Fokker 100 and five Embraer
Embraer
190 aircraft on behalf of Swiss. Austrian Airlines operates four Bombardier Dash 8
Bombardier Dash 8
Q400 aircraft on behalf of Swiss on certain routes.

The aircraft fleet has been named after local towns and cities since 2007. The names are featured on the aircraft fuselage, with cabin interiors showing the coat of arms of the town or city.

FLEET DEVELOPMENT

On 22 September 2010, Lufthansa
Lufthansa
announced an order for 48 new aircraft, several of them for Swiss.

In March 2013, Swiss ordered six Boeing 777-300ERs . On 12 March 2015, Swiss confirmed that the Lufthansa Group
Lufthansa Group
had ordered an additional three Boeing 777-300ERs for Swiss. The 777s will be operated by, and wetleased back from, Swiss Global Air Lines. Swiss has confirmed that all 777-300ERs will have an updated First Class cabin with eight private suites and a 32-inch TV, 62 business class seats which convert into a fully flat bed that is over two meters long, and 270 economy seats, with 10 seats abreast in a 3-4-3 layout, using the same seat pitch and width on its A330s and A340s on the 777s. The first of these new airliners was delivered in January 2016 and is Swiss's first Boeing aircraft. The Boeing aircraft will replace most of Swiss' current A340 aircraft, the remaining five A340s will be refurbished.

In 2014, Swiss announced it would refurbish its A320 fleet, with new interiors and the older A320s and A321s will be replaced by A320/A321neos. The A319s, along with Swiss Global Air Lines' Avro fleet, will be replaced by Bombardier CS300 aircraft in due course.

Swiss' first CS300 (to replace RJ100s plus older A319/A320s) entered service at Geneva on 1 June 2017 - with its maiden commercial flight as Geneva - London Heathrow. Swiss was the launch customer of the entire CSeries family of aircraft, with its first CSeries aircraft, a CS100, delivered to the airline in June 2016, registered HB-JBA.

RETIRED FLEET

Swiss International Air Lines
Swiss International Air Lines
retired fleets AIRCRAFT FLEETS INTRODUCED RETIRED NOTES/REFS

Airbus A330-200 15 2002 2012 Taken over from Swissair . Disposed to Malaysia Airlines , Vietnam Airlines

Avro RJ85 4 2002 2007 Taken over from Crossair .

Embraer
Embraer
ERJ-145 25 2002 2007 Taken over from Crossair . Most fleets are disposed to Aerolitoral , Trans States Airlines

McDonnell Douglas MD-11
McDonnell Douglas MD-11
16 2002 2005 Taken over from Swissair .

McDonnell Douglas MD-82 1 2003 2005 Taken over from Crossair . Disposed to Bulgarian Air Charter
Bulgarian Air Charter

McDonnell Douglas MD-83 10 2002 2005 Taken over from Crossair .

Saab 2000
Saab 2000
31 2002 2005 Taken over from Crossair .

REFERENCES

* " Lufthansa Group
Lufthansa Group
3rd Interim report 2013" (PDF). * Ken Donohue, "Swiss continues a proud tradition", Airways Magazine: A Global Review of Commercial Flight, March 2008, 22-23, 25, 28.

* ^ "Swiss, Facts & Figures". Retrieved 19 December 2010. * ^ A B C D "Facts and figures". Swiss International Air Lines. Retrieved 19 April 2017. * ^ " Swiss International Air Lines
Swiss International Air Lines
AG." Office du Registre du commerce du canton de Bâle-Ville. Retrieved on 13 March 2008. * ^ A B "SWISS reports EBIT of CHF 429 million for 2016" (PDF). Swiss International Air Lines. 16 March 2017. Retrieved 19 April 2017.

* ^ * ^ " Swiss International Air Lines
Swiss International Air Lines
Zurich. Swiss International Air Lines" (PDF). Retrieved 25 December 2012. * ^ "Impressum." Swiss International Air Lines. Retrieved on 22 June 2010. "Rechtssitz der Gesellschaft Swiss International Air Lines AG Malzgasse 15 CH-4052 Basel." * ^ A B "Swiss - Facts & Figures". Retrieved 23 February 2010. * ^ "Kuoni and SWISS enter into strategic partnership" (Press release). Retrieved 19 December 2010. * ^ "WEKO approves the acquisition of Edelweiss Air by SWISS" (Press release). Retrieved 19 December 2010. * ^ "SWISS acquires Servair to operate as Swiss Private Aviation" (Press release). Retrieved 19 December 2010. * ^ "Goodbye, with gratitude" (Press release). Retrieved 20 May 2011. * ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20081024215005/http://www.swiss.com/web/EN/about_swiss/media/press_releases/2005/Pages/pr_20050322.aspx. Archived from the original on 24 October 2008. Retrieved 27 July 2009. Missing or empty title= (help ) * ^ "Eleven airlines fined in European cargo cartel investigation". Retrieved 10 November 2010. * ^ SWISS renforce son positionnement et affine son image de marque, Swiss, 4 October 2011 * ^ New logo: Swiss International Air Lines, on 4 October 2011 * ^ Vaudan, Lucienne-Camille; Eppenberger, Simon (August 20, 2011). "Widerstand gegen das Ende des Swiss-Würfels". Tages-Anzeiger . Retrieved April 1, 2016. * ^ "Save the swiss cube". Facebook
Facebook
group. Retrieved April 1, 2016.

* ^ "SWISS unveils foundation for solid future". Swiss International Air Lines. Retrieved 1 July 2010. The Annual Results Press Conference takes place at 11:00, Tuesday, 23 March at the SWISS head office at Basel
Basel
EuroAirport. * ^ "Plan interactif". Saint-Louis (Haut-Rhin). Retrieved 25 September 2009. * ^ "How to find us". Farnair Europe . Retrieved 8 December 2010. * ^ " Swiss International Air Lines
Swiss International Air Lines
Basel" (PDF). Swiss International Air Lines. Retrieved 24 September 2009. ATTENTION! It is only possible to reach SWISS at the EuroAirport Basel
Basel
via the Swiss customs or the customs-free road! * ^ http://search.powernet.ch/webservices/net/HRG/HRG.asmx/getHRGHTML?chnr=CH-270.3.001.037-6&amt=270&toBeModified=0&validOnly=0&lang=1&sort= (accessed on 16 February 2014) * ^ "Industry Briefs". Airline Industry Information. 2 July 2002. Retrieved 12 January 2010. According to a company statement, the new name replaces Crossair at the corporate headquarters in Basel. * ^ "Wenn die Direktion geht, folgt dann der Rest?" (PDF). Basler Zeitung (in German). No. 173. 27 July 2004. Ursprünglich arbeiteten am Hauptsitz in Basel
Basel
rund 1400 bis 1500 Leute, heute sind es noch rund 1000 (das fliegende Personal nicht mitgezählt) – der meiste Teil der Stellen fiel der Restrukturierung vom letzten Jahr zum Opfer. In Zürich arbeiten derzeit rund 850 Personen am Boden. (Archive) * ^ "Streckennetz - Alle Destination auf einen Blick - SWISS". Retrieved 24 April 2015. * ^ "Profile on SWISS". CAPA. Centre for Aviation. Archived from the original on 2016-10-31. Retrieved 2016-10-31. * ^ "SWISS Economy Europe." Swiss International Air Lines". Swiss.com. Retrieved 25 December 2012. * ^ "Airtrain Between Zurich
Zurich
airport and Basel
Basel
SBB." Swiss International Air Lines. Retrieved on October 29, 2016. * ^ "Swissbus Bus transportation between Ottawa and Montreal-Trudeau airport" (Archive). Swiss International Air Lines. June 20, 2012. Retrieved on October 29, 2016. * ^ "Swiss Aircraft Registry". Federal Office of Civil Aviation. Retrieved 26 January 2017. * ^ "Airbus A319-100 seat map". swiss.com. Retrieved 7 November 2016. * ^ A B "Airbus A320-200 seat map". swiss.com. Retrieved 7 November 2016. * ^ A B "Neue Swiss-Strategie". * ^ "Airbus A321-100/200 seat map". swiss.com. Retrieved 7 November 2016. * ^ " Airbus A330-300
Airbus A330-300
seat map". swiss.com. Retrieved 7 November 2016. * ^ "Airbus A340-300 seat map". swiss.com. Retrieved 7 November 2016. * ^ "Swiss to upgrade Airbus A340s with new first, business class". Australian Business Traveller. Retrieved 2016-10-08. * ^ "SWISS orders 10th Boeing 777; to refurbish Airbus A340-300 fleet". atwonline.com. Retrieved 2016-10-08. * ^ "RJ100 seat map". swiss.com. Retrieved 6 August 2016. * ^ 2017, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Swiss revises Avro RJ100 operations Jun - Aug 2017". Routesonline. Retrieved 2017-07-04. * ^ " Boeing 777-300ER seat map". swiss.com. Retrieved 6 August 2016. * ^ "CS100 seat map". swiss.com. Retrieved 6 August 2016. * ^ "CS100 seat map". swiss.com. Retrieved 6 August 2016. * ^ Airliner World
Airliner World
January 2007 * ^ " Lufthansa
Lufthansa
Supervisory Board approves Group’s order for 48 new aircraft" (Press release). Lufthansa. 22 September 2010. Retrieved 19 December 2010. * ^ "Swiss to order three Boeing 777-300ERs". Aviation Tribune. Retrieved 12 March 2015. * ^ "aero.de - Luftfahrt-Nachrichten und -Community". aero.de. Retrieved 24 April 2015. * ^ "New Swiss 777 Business and First class cabins". lux-traveller.com. Retrieved 10 July 2015. * ^ "Le nouveau Boeing 777
Boeing 777
de Swiss a atterri à Zurich". Bilan. Retrieved 2016-02-01. * ^ "Boeing". Swiss International Airlines. Retrieved 24 April 2015.

EXTERNAL LINKS

Media related to Swiss