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Suwon[a] (Hangul: 수원, Hanja: 水原, Korean pronunciation: [su.wʌn]) is the capital and largest metropolis of Gyeonggi-do, South Korea's most populous province which surrounds Seoul, the national capital. Suwon
Suwon
lies about 30 kilometres (19 miles) south of Seoul. It is traditionally known as "The City of Filial Piety". With a population close to 1.2 million, it is larger than Ulsan, although it is not governed as a metropolitan city. Suwon
Suwon
has existed in various forms throughout Korea's history, growing from a small settlement to become a major industrial and cultural center. It is the only remaining completely walled city in South Korea. The city walls are one of the more popular tourist destinations in Gyeonggi
Gyeonggi
Province. Samsung Electronics
Samsung Electronics
R&D center and headquarters are in Suwon. The city is served by two motorways, the national railway network, and the Seoul
Seoul
Metropolitan Subway. Suwon
Suwon
is a major educational center, home to 11 universities.[3] Suwon
Suwon
is home to football club Suwon
Suwon
Samsung
Samsung
Bluewings, which have won the K-league
K-league
on four occasions[4] and AFC Champions League
AFC Champions League
twice. The KT Wiz
KT Wiz
of the Korea Baseball Organization
Korea Baseball Organization
also plays in Suwon.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Construction of Hwaseong 1.2 Korean War 1.3 Recent history

2 Geography

2.1 Climate

3 Administrative divisions 4 Demographics 5 Education

5.1 Colleges and universities 5.2 Primary and secondary schools

6 Industry 7 Culture

7.1 Recreation 7.2 Travel and tourism 7.3 Sport 7.4 Entertainment 7.5 Other amenities

8 Transport 9 Media 10 Military 11 Religion 12 Food 13 Flora and fauna 14 Notable residents 15 Twin towns – sister cities 16 See also 17 Notes 18 References

18.1 Citations 18.2 Bibliography

19 External links

History[edit] In ancient tribal times, Suwon
Suwon
was known as Mosu-guk (Hangeul: 모수국). During the Three Kingdoms era, however, the area comprising modern Suwon
Suwon
and Hwaseong City
Hwaseong City
was called Maehol-gun (매홀군). In 757, under King Gyeongdeok of the Unified Silla, the name was changed to Suseong-gun (수성군). In 940 during the Goryeo
Goryeo
dynasty changed again in to Suju (수주). King Taejong of the Joseon dynasty renamed the city to Suwon
Suwon
in 1413.[5] In 1592, during the Imjin wars, Commander Yi Kwang attempted to launch his army toward the capital city, Seoul
Seoul
(at the time called Hanseong).[6] The army was withdrawn, however, after news that the city had already been sacked reached the commander.[6] As the army grew in size to 50,000 men with the accumulation of several volunteer forces, Yi Kwang and the irregular commanders reconsidered their aim to reclaim the capital, and led the combined forces north to Suwon.[6][7] Construction of Hwaseong[edit] Later, during the Joseon Dynasty, King Jeongjo made an ultimately unsuccessful attempt to make Suwon
Suwon
the nation's capital in 1796. Part of this project was the construction of Hwaseong Fortress, a fortified wall running around the entire city partially intended to guard the tomb of his father, Prince Sado, which he had located there.[8] The walls were one of Korea's first examples of paid labour, (corvée labour being common previously). The walls still exist today, though they (together with the fortress) were damaged severely during the Korean War. Hwaseong originally was constructed under the guidance of philosopher Jeong Yag-yong. Shortly after the death of King Jeongjo (1800), a white paper detailing the construction of the fortress was published. This proved invaluable during its reconstruction in the 1970s. The fortress walls once encircled the entire city, but modern urban growth has seen the city spread out far beyond the fortress. The walls are now a designated UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage site,[8] and often are used in materials promoting the city. Korean War[edit]

North Korean T-34-85
T-34-85
caught on a bridge south of Suwon
Suwon
by US attack aircraft in the Korean War

The Korean War
Korean War
greatly affected Suwon, as the city changed hands four times. Very shortly after the outbreak of war, the 49th Fighter Wing of the United States Air Force
United States Air Force
was dispatched to Korea
Korea
from Japan. Its first task was to evacuate civilians from Suwon
Suwon
and Gimpo, but Suwon soon fell to the advancing North Koreans. Shortly before the Battle of Osan, the first conflict between United States and North Korean forces, on July 4, 1950, defenses were erected on the road between Suwon
Suwon
and nearby Osan
Osan
(then still under Southern command). The next day, Northern troops advanced south. In the 3½-hour battle which followed, 150 American and 42 North Korean soldiers were killed and the United States troops were forced to retreat. The North Korean advance southwards to take Osan
Osan
was delayed by an estimated seven hours.[9][10] On December 16, 1950, the Greek Expeditionary Force relocated to Suwon, attached to the US 1st Cavalry Division. From November 6, 1951, the United States Air Force's top fighter pilot Gabby Gabreski
Gabby Gabreski
was in charge of K-13 Air Base in Suwon. By the end of the war, Suwon
Suwon
was in South Korea. A memorial to the French military stands in Jangan-gu, near the Yeongdong Expressway's North Suwon
Suwon
exit. Recent history[edit]

Suwon
Suwon
became the capital of Gyeonggi-do
Gyeonggi-do
on June 23, 1967. On July 1, 1988, Jangan-gu
Jangan-gu
and Gwonseon-gu
Gwonseon-gu
was installed. On February 1, 1993, part of Jangan-gu
Jangan-gu
and Gwonseon-gu
Gwonseon-gu
was separated and these parts became a new district, Paldal-gu. On November 24, 2003, Yeongtong-gu
Yeongtong-gu
was installed newly to separate part of Paldal-gu

Geography[edit]

Flags on Hwaseong.

Suwon
Suwon
lies in the north of the Gyeonggi
Gyeonggi
plain, just south of South Korea's capital, Seoul. It is bordered by Uiwang
Uiwang
to the north-west, Yongin
Yongin
to the east, the city of Hwaseong to the south-west, and also shares a short border with Ansan
Ansan
to the west. There are a few hills around Suwon. The highest of these is Gwanggyosan
Gwanggyosan
to the north, on the border with Yongin, though those to the east are more numerous. Gwanggyosan
Gwanggyosan
is 582 metres (1,909 ft) above sea level.[11] Most of the streams passing through Suwon
Suwon
originate on Gwanggyosan
Gwanggyosan
or other nearby peaks. Since Suwon
Suwon
is bounded to the east by other hills, the streams, chiefly the Suwoncheon
Suwoncheon
(and one notable tributary being the Jungbocheon), flow southwards through the city, eventually emptying into the Yellow Sea
Yellow Sea
at Asan
Asan
Bay. The entirety of Suwon
Suwon
is drained in this manner. As is true of all the South Korean mainland, there are no natural lakes in Suwon. There are, however, many small reservoirs, namely Seoho (서호) near Hwaseo Station, Ilwon Reservoir (일원 저수지) near Sungkyunkwan University, Bambat Reservoir (밤밭 저수지) near Sungkyunkwan University
Sungkyunkwan University
Station, Ilwang Reservoir (일왕 저수지) in Manseok Park, Pajang Reservoir (파장 저수지) near the North Suwon
Suwon
exit of the Yeongdong Expressway, Gwanggyo Reservoir (광교 저수지) at the foot of Gwanggyosan, Woncheon and Sindae Reservoirs (원천 저수지 & 신대 저수지) near Ajou University 아주대학교, Geumgok Reservoir (금곡 저수지), a small reservoir at the foot of Chilbosan, and the larger Wangsong Reservoir (왕송 저수지), located mainly in the city of Uiwang, but its dam located in Suwon. At the closest point, being the Chilbosan ridge (239m)[12] to the west on the border with Ansan, Suwon
Suwon
lies 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) from the Yellow Sea
Yellow Sea
coast. Climate[edit]

Climate data for Suwon
Suwon
(1981–2010, extremes 1964–present)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 15.3 (59.5) 19.3 (66.7) 25.0 (77) 30.5 (86.9) 33.2 (91.8) 33.9 (93) 37.3 (99.1) 37.4 (99.3) 33.7 (92.7) 29.0 (84.2) 25.8 (78.4) 17.8 (64) 37.4 (99.3)

Average high °C (°F) 2.1 (35.8) 5.0 (41) 10.6 (51.1) 17.9 (64.2) 23.0 (73.4) 26.8 (80.2) 28.8 (83.8) 29.8 (85.6) 25.9 (78.6) 20.0 (68) 12.0 (53.6) 5.0 (41) 17.2 (63)

Daily mean °C (°F) −2.9 (26.8) −0.3 (31.5) 5.0 (41) 11.6 (52.9) 17.2 (63) 21.7 (71.1) 24.8 (76.6) 25.6 (78.1) 20.8 (69.4) 14.0 (57.2) 6.6 (43.9) 0.0 (32) 12.0 (53.6)

Average low °C (°F) −7.4 (18.7) −5.0 (23) 0.0 (32) 5.9 (42.6) 12.0 (53.6) 17.4 (63.3) 21.7 (71.1) 22.1 (71.8) 16.4 (61.5) 8.8 (47.8) 1.8 (35.2) −4.4 (24.1) 7.5 (45.5)

Record low °C (°F) −24.8 (−12.6) −25.8 (−14.4) −11.3 (11.7) −4.7 (23.5) 2.3 (36.1) 7.8 (46) 13.2 (55.8) 13.0 (55.4) 3.6 (38.5) −3.6 (25.5) −12.6 (9.3) −24.4 (−11.9) −25.8 (−14.4)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 22.4 (0.882) 24.2 (0.953) 47.9 (1.886) 61.3 (2.413) 97.8 (3.85) 129.2 (5.087) 351.1 (13.823) 299.8 (11.803) 153.9 (6.059) 53.1 (2.091) 49.7 (1.957) 21.8 (0.858) 1,312.3 (51.665)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 7.3 6.2 7.6 7.8 8.7 9.4 15.4 14.1 8.7 6.2 8.7 8.1 108.2

Average snowy days 7.4 5.2 2.6 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 1.7 6.2 23.2

Average relative humidity (%) 65.1 64.3 64.2 62.5 67.6 72.3 80.1 78.3 74.5 71.0 68.6 66.4 69.6

Mean monthly sunshine hours 166.0 171.6 198.0 215.2 221.3 188.3 136.7 166.0 182.0 200.2 158.0 159.7 2,162.8

Percent possible sunshine 54.0 56.2 53.4 54.6 50.4 42.8 30.5 39.5 48.8 57.4 51.6 53.4 48.6

Source: Korea
Korea
Meteorological Administration[13][14][15] (percent sunshine and snowy days)[16]

Administrative divisions[edit]

See also: Administrative divisions of South Korea The city is divided into 4 gu (districts):[3]

Romanization Hangul Hanja Pop. (2015)[17] Area (m2)

1. Gwonseon-gu 권선구 勸善區 344,414 47,355,349.2

2. Jangan-gu 장안구 長安區 300,007 33,119,867.5

3. Paldal-gu 팔달구 八達區 201,142 13,077,959.4

4. Yeongtong-gu 영통구 靈通區 332,899 27,500,143.7

The newest of these is Yeongtong-gu, which was separated from Paldal-gu
Paldal-gu
on November 24, 2003.[18] These districts are in turn divided into 42 dong.[19] Demographics[edit] 50.2% of the population of Suwon
Suwon
is composed of male residents.[3] Indeed, it is only in Paldal-gu
Paldal-gu
that the number of female residents is greater than that of males. 1.85% of the population is of foreign nationality, the highest concentration (2.3%) being in Paldal-gu. Further information regarding the residents of each district is shown below.[3]

Total people Korean males Korean females Korean (total) Foreign males Foreign females Foreign (total)

Suwon
Suwon
(total) 1,086,904 535,906 531,211 1,067,117 9,914 9,873 19,787

Gwonseon-gu 315,512 156,783 154,004 310,789 2,314 2,411 4,725

Jangan-gu 290,732 143,737 143,351 287,088 1,742 1,902 3,644

Paldal-gu 224,194 107,929 108,926 216,855 3,652 3,687 7,339

Yeongtong-gu 256,466 127,457 124,930 252,387 2,206 1,873 4,079

Overall, the population of Suwon
Suwon
is increasing, but the domestic population is falling. For example, the Korean population of Suwon fell by 585 from December 2007 to January 2008.[3] However, both genders of the foreign population increased in number in each gu in the same time period. It appears to be a pattern that the foreign population is increasing, as Suwon
Suwon
also saw a 13% increase in the number of registered foreigners residing in the city in the first half of 2007.[20] The only gu currently showing an increase in population is Gwonseon-gu
Gwonseon-gu
(though the same was until recently true of Paldal-gu), while all others have falling number of residents, especially Jangan-gu
Jangan-gu
and Yeongtong-gu.[20] Education[edit] Colleges and universities[edit]

Sungkyunkwan University

There are 11 universities in Suwon
Suwon
and 2 colleges, and these include Sungkyunkwan University's Natural Sciences Campus, Kyonggi University, Ajou University, Kyunghee University, Dongnam Health College, Gukje Digital University, Hapdong Theological Seminary, and Suwon
Suwon
Women's College.[21] The University
University
of Suwon
Suwon
is not actually in Suwon, but in the neighbouring city of Hwaseong. The agricultural campus of Seoul National University
University
was located in Suwon
Suwon
until 2005, but is now in Gwanak-gu, Seoul. There are also 2 junior colleges in Suwon.[22] Primary and secondary schools[edit] There are 33 high schools, 37 middle schools, 81 primary schools and 107 kindergartens in Suwon.[21] Suwon
Suwon
has three schools devoted to special education, namely the Jahye Institute, the School of Suwon
Suwon
Seokwang and Dream Tree Special School,[21] and also has wings of mainstream schools for students requiring special education, being the Special
Special
Education School of Suwonbuk Middle School, the Special
Special
Education School of Suwon
Suwon
Girls' Middle School.[23] International schools:

Gyeonggi
Gyeonggi
Suwon
Suwon
International School Suwon
Suwon
Zhongzheng Chinese Elementary School (水原華僑中正小學/수원화교중정소학교)[24]

Industry[edit] The main industrial employer in Suwon
Suwon
is Samsung. In fact, Samsung
Samsung
had major facilities Seoul, but at the beginning of the Korean War, inventories were so damaged that the founder, Lee Byung-chul
Lee Byung-chul
was forced to start business again in 1951. Samsung Electronics
Samsung Electronics
was founded in Suwon
Suwon
in 1969 and it now has its headquarters and a large factory complex in central Suwon; it is the city's largest employer. Other companies with offices here include SK, Samsung
Samsung
Electronics, Samsung
Samsung
LED, Samsung
Samsung
SDI and others. Culture[edit]

Hwaseong Fortress

Hwaseong Fortress
Hwaseong Fortress
is Suwon's most notable attraction. Built in 1796, the entire city used to be encircled by the walls, but now Suwon
Suwon
has expanded beyond this boundary. Hwaseong is also listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Haenggung Palace, within Hwaseong, is another noteworthy historical attraction. On completion of the Bundang Line extension, Suwon
Suwon
will also be only a few stops from Singal, the location of the Korean Folk Village, and the Everland
Everland
theme park is nearby in Yongin. Recreation[edit] The path around the walls of Hwaseong Fortress
Hwaseong Fortress
is popular with locals and tourists for sightseeing and walking. Manseok Park in northern Suwon
Suwon
has a 1200m track around a lake. Other facilities at Manseok Park include tennis (indoor & outdoor), soccer (dirt and artificial turf) and the Suwon
Suwon
X-Games skatepark. Various other parks are dotted around Suwon
Suwon
and several ski resorts and hiking trails are within easy reach of the city. Travel and tourism[edit] Including Suwon
Suwon
Hwaseong, Suwon
Suwon
city offers various tracking, tour and festivals for tourists.[25] Sport[edit] Suwon
Suwon
has several sports facilities, including an archery field, badminton courts, ten-pin bowling lanes, indoor swimming pools, tennis courts, soft tennis courts and football pitches.[26] Suwon Gymnasium
Suwon Gymnasium
hosted the handball events in the 1988 Summer Olympics; it has a capacity of 5,145. Suwon
Suwon
is home to the Suwon
Suwon
World Cup Stadium, a venue during the 2002 FIFA World Cup and home to K League Classic team Suwon
Suwon
Samsung Bluewings. Suwon
Suwon
FC, who competes in K League Challenge, plays at the Suwon
Suwon
Sports Complex. Suwon
Suwon
is home to KBO League
KBO League
team KT Wiz
KT Wiz
since 2015. The team plays at the Suwon
Suwon
Baseball Stadium. The city was previously the home of the Hyundai Unicorns, but the team folded after the 2007 season. Basketball teams Samsung
Samsung
Thunders (men's basketball team) and Samsung Life Bichumi (women's basketball team) were also based in Suwon
Suwon
in the past.[27] Entertainment[edit] Suwon
Suwon
has three major multiplex theaters: Megabox and CGV theaters in the Suwon Station
Suwon Station
complex in the city center, as well as Kinex 5 in the district of Yeongtong-gu. There are also other theaters that show fewer foreign films: Cinema Town, Taehan Theater, Piccadilly Theater, Jungang Theater, Royal Theater, Dano Theater and Dano Art Hall.[28] Woncheon in the Yeongtong-gu
Yeongtong-gu
district also has two amusement parks, Woncheon Greenland and Woncheon Lakeland.[29] Other amenities[edit] Suwon
Suwon
City Council prides itself on the condition of its public lavatories. It has made efforts in recent years to ensure that new lavatories are clean and while improving existing facilities. There are now guided bus tours of the municipal restrooms offered for visitors.[30] Transport[edit]

Suwon
Suwon
Station

Suwon
Suwon
is a regional transportation hub and Suwon Station
Suwon Station
is an important stop on the Gyeongbu railway line between Seoul
Seoul
and Busan. There is a bus service to the KTX
KTX
high-speed train station at Gwangmyeong. Suwon
Suwon
is connected to Seoul
Seoul
and other nearby cities by city and express buses with departure points across the city. There are also two bus terminals in Suwon
Suwon
with inter-city and express bus connections to most cities in Korea. These are Suwon
Suwon
Bus Terminal, which is located near 'Hotel Ramada' and West Suwon
Suwon
Bus Terminal, which is located near Sungkyunkwan University. KTX
KTX
trains also make limited number of stops on services from Seoul
Seoul
to Busan. Suwon
Suwon
has several stations on Seoul
Seoul
Subway Line 1, which runs North–South through the city, namely Sungkyunkwan University, Hwaseo, Suwon
Suwon
and Seryu. The Bundang Line
Bundang Line
also crosses Suwon East-West, terminating at Suwon, and the Suin Line
Suin Line
connecting Suwon Station to Incheon
Incheon
is under construction. Until 1973, the Suryo Line also connected Suwon
Suwon
to Yeoju. The Yeongdong Expressway
Yeongdong Expressway
(Number 50) passes through Suwon
Suwon
and two exits on this motorway lie within the city limits, being North Suwon and East Suwon. Suwon
Suwon
is also served by the Suwon
Suwon
exit of the Gyeongbu Expressway (Number 1), though this lies a short distance east of the Suwon's limits, near Singal
Singal
in the city of Yongin. In 2013, the city hosted the EcoMobility World Festival in the Haenggun-dong neighbourhood (pop. 4,300), where for a month, streets were closed to cars as a car-free experiment. Instead of cars, residents used non-motorized vehicles provided by the festival organizers.[31] The experiment was not unopposed; however, on balance it was considered a success. Following the festival, the city embarked on discussions about adopting the practice on a permanent basis.[32] In 2017, Suwon Station
Suwon Station
transfer center was opened. It was installed to disperse buses and taxi stands in the eastern plaza of Suwon
Suwon
Station. Media[edit] There are two newspapers based in Suwon. These are the Gyeonggi
Gyeonggi
Daily (경기일보) and, since 1960, the Gyeongin Daily (경인일보). The former is based in Jangan-gu, with the latter's offices being in Paldal-gu. Both feature news exclusively in Korean. Military[edit] The Air Force has a base in Jang-ji dong, Gwon-sun gu, Suwon. This was used by the United States Air Force
United States Air Force
during the Korean War. The base is now occupied mostly by the ROKAF (Republic of Korea
Korea
Air Force), though the US Army houses half of a battalion there presently, and there are a limited number of US Air Force personnel. Religion[edit] See also: Religion in South Korea As in most of South Korea, according to 2006 statistics compiled by the government, about 25.3% of the population professes to follow no particular religion. Christians account for 20% of the population and Buddhists 52%. The Catholic Diocese of Suwon
Suwon
was created in 1963 by Pope Paul VI. Food[edit]

Galbi
Galbi
being cooked

Suwon
Suwon
is famous for Suwon
Suwon
galbi, a variation on the style beef short rib enjoyed throughout Korea. The city also has the same variety of Korean dishes served throughout the peninsula and has a wide variety of restaurants serving food from outside Korea. Since 1995, Galbi festival has been held annually, attracting many tourists. Flora and fauna[edit] Suwon's wildlife is similar to that of most of Gyeonggi-do. A notable species, however, is the Suwon
Suwon
tree frog. This is one of only two tree frogs to inhabit the Korean peninsula
Korean peninsula
and it lives in the Gyeonggi-do area only. Notable residents[edit] Famous people from Suwon
Suwon
include:

Former footballer Park Ji-sung
Park Ji-sung
grew up in Suwon. In 2005, a city street was renamed after him.[33] Professional tennis player Chung Hyeon Shinee
Shinee
member Lee Jin-ki Pastor Billy Kim, Former President of the Baptist World Alliance
Baptist World Alliance
and current President of the Far East Broadcasting Company 2AM member Jo Kwon Cellist Han-na Chang Actress Hyun Young Actress Ha Ji-won Presenter and columnist Sam Oh MMA fighter Dong Hyun Kim Actor Joo Won Apink
Apink
member Yoon Bo-mi Block B
Block B
member U-Kwon Actor Ryu Jun-yeol 4Minute
4Minute
member Jeon Ji-yoon BtoB member Lee Chang-sub

Twin towns – sister cities[edit] Suwon
Suwon
is twinned with:

Asahikawa, Japan
Japan
(1989) Jinan, Shandong, China
China
(1993) Townsville, Australia
Australia
(1997) Bandung, Indonesia
Indonesia
(1997) Jeju City, Republic of Korea
Korea
(1997) Yalova, Turkey
Turkey
(1999) Cluj-Napoca, Romania
Romania
(1999) Toluca, Mexico
Mexico
(1999) Fes, Morocco
Morocco
(2003) Hải Dương Province, Vietnam
Vietnam
(2004) Siem Reap Province, Cambodia
Cambodia
(2004) Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
Russia
(2005) Curitiba, Brazil
Brazil
(2006)[34] Pohang, Republic of Korea
Korea
(2009) Taean County, Republic of Korea
Korea
(2009) Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany
Germany
(2015) Chirchik, Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
(2009) Qazvin, Islamic republic of Iran
Iran
(2016)

See also[edit]

List of cities in South Korea Geography of South Korea Seoul
Seoul
National Capital Area Gyeonggi Hwaseong Fortress

Notes[edit]

^ In the 19th century, Suwon
Suwon
was spelled Sou-wen.[2]

References[edit] Citations[edit]

^ " Suwon
Suwon
City Website".  ^ EB (1878), p. 390. ^ a b c d e "수원시통계". Archived from the original on 2011-01-30.  ^ "K-Leaguei". K-League. Archived from the original on 2010-04-30. Retrieved 2008-02-10.  ^ "Welcome to Suwon
Suwon
city". Suwon
Suwon
City Council. Retrieved 2007-11-27.  ^ a b c Turnbull, Stephen. 2002, pp. 116-123. ^ "Suwon". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2007-09-01.  ^ a b " Hwaseong Fortress
Hwaseong Fortress
UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Centre". UNESCO. Retrieved 2007-12-05.  ^ Charles E. Heller and William A. Stofft, eds. America's First Battles, 1776–1965 (1986) ^ Roy E. Appleman, South to the Naktong, North to the Yalu (1960) Office of the Chief of Military History, US Army ^ "한국의 산하 - 광교산 (Hangugui Sanha - Gwanggyosan)". Korean mountaineering association website. Retrieved 2007-08-07.  ^ "사사동의 칠부산 (Sasa-dongui Chilbusan)". Banwol Newspaper website. Archived from the original on 2007-10-13. Retrieved 2007-08-07.  ^ "평년값자료(1981–2010), 수원(119)" (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 9 December 2016.  ^ "기후자료 극값(최대값) 전체년도 일최고기온 (℃) 최고순위, 수원(119)" (in Korean). Korea
Korea
Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 9 December 2016.  ^ "기후자료 극값(최대값) 전체년도 일최저기온 (℃) 최고순위, 수원(119)" (in Korean). Korea
Korea
Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 9 December 2016.  ^ "Climatological Normals of Korea" (PDF). Korea
Korea
Meteorological Administration. 2011. p. 499 and 649. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 December 2016. Retrieved 9 December 2016.  ^ "연령별 인구현황 (월간)" (in Korean). rcps.egov.go.kr. Archived from the original on 2014-11-29. Retrieved 2015-09-30.  ^ "영통구 연혁 ( Yeongtong-gu
Yeongtong-gu
Yeonhyeok)". Suwon
Suwon
City website. Retrieved 2006-01-10.  ^ "수원시 행정구역" (in Korean). Suwon
Suwon
City. Retrieved 2015-09-30.  ^ a b "수원시 통계 (Suwon-si Tonggye)". Suwon
Suwon
City website. Retrieved 2007-08-07.  ^ a b c "수원시청에 오신 것을 환영합니다 (Suwonsicheonge Osin Hwanyeonghamnida)". Suwon
Suwon
City Council. Retrieved 2007-12-07.  ^ "Welcome to Suwon
Suwon
City – General State". Suwon
Suwon
City Council. Retrieved 2007-12-08.  ^ "Welcome to Suwon
Suwon
City – Special
Special
Education". Suwon
Suwon
City Council. Retrieved 2007-12-06.  ^ "水原華僑中正小學." International School Information, Government of South Korea. Retrieved on March 30, 2016. ^ " Suwon
Suwon
City Travel and Tourism Official English Website".  ^ "Welcome to Suwon
Suwon
City – Sports Facilities". Suwon
Suwon
City Council. Retrieved 2007-12-05.  ^ "Welcome to Suwon
Suwon
City – Suwon
Suwon
Professional Team Introduction". Suwon
Suwon
City Council. Retrieved 2007-12-05.  ^ "Welcome to Suwon
Suwon
City - Movie Theaters". Suwon
Suwon
City Council. Retrieved 2007-12-06.  ^ "Welcome to Suwon
Suwon
City - Amusement Facilities". Suwon
Suwon
City Council. Retrieved 2007-12-06.  ^ "Beautiful Restrooms". Suwon
Suwon
City Council website. Retrieved 2007-08-07.  ^ Strother, Jason (30 September 2013). "Locals applaud car-free month in Korean city". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 13 December 2013.  ^ "Report presents legacy of car-free neighborhood". EcoMobility world Festival 2013. ICLEI. Retrieved 13 December 2013.  ^ Yu Sin-jae (유신재) (2005-06-12). "수원시 '박지성길' 만든다 <Suwon-si 'pakjiseonggil' mandeunda / Suwon
Suwon
City constructs 'Park Ji-Sung Road'>". Hankyoreh (in Korean). Retrieved 2007-08-08.  ^ "Sister cities". Suwon
Suwon
City. Retrieved 2014-01-27. 

Bibliography[edit]

"Corea", Encyclopædia Britannica, 9th ed., Vol. VI, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1878, pp. 390–394 .

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Suwon.

City government website (in Korean) Suwon
Suwon
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Suwon : Official Seoul
Seoul
City Tourism Suwon Samsung Bluewings
Suwon Samsung Bluewings
official site Official site of Hwaseong fortress Gyeonggi Suwon International School homepage Gyeonggi
Gyeonggi
Daily Newspaper Gyeongin Daily Newspaper

v t e

Gyeonggi
Gyeonggi
Province

Suwon
Suwon
(capital)

Specific cities

Ansan

Danwon Sangnok

Anyang

Dongan Manan

Bucheon

(no district subdivisions)

Goyang

Deogyang Ilsandong Ilsanseo

Hwaseong

(no district subdivisions)

Namyangju

(no district subdivisions)

Seongnam

Bundang Jungwon Sujeong

Suwon

Gwonseon Jangan Paldal Yeongtong

Yongin

Cheoin Giheung Suji

Cities

Anseong Dongducheon Gimpo Gunpo Guri Gwacheon Gwangju Gwangmyeong Hanam Icheon Osan Paju Pocheon Pyeongtaek Siheung Uijeongbu Uiwang Yangju Yeoju

Counties

Gapyeong Yangpyeong Yeoncheon

v t e

Cities in South Korea

Special
Special
city

Seoul

Metropolitan city

Busan Daegu Daejeon Gwangju Incheon Ulsan

Metropolitan autonomous city

Sejong

Provincial capital

Andong ChangwonB CheongjuB Chuncheon HongseongC JeonjuB JejuD MuanC SuwonB

Specific city

Ansan Anyang BucheonE Cheonan GimhaeE Goyang HwaseongE NamyangjuE Pohang Seongnam Yongin

Municipal city

Anseong Asan Boryeong Chungju Dangjin Dongducheon Donghae Gangneung Geoje Gimcheon Gimje Gimpo Gongju Gumi Gunpo Guri Gunsan Gwacheon Gwangju Gwangmyeong Gwangyang Gyeongju Gyeongsan Gyeryong Hanam Icheon Iksan Jecheon Jeongeup Jinju Miryang Mokpo Mungyeong Namwon Naju Nonsan Osan Paju Pocheon Pyeongtaek Sacheon Samcheok Sangju Seosan Siheung Sokcho Suncheon Taebaek Tongyeong Uijeongbu Uiwang Wonju Yangju Yangsan Yeoju Yeongcheon Yeongju Yeosu

Administrative city

Seogwipo

Note: A also a provincial capital; B also designated as a special-status city; C a county, not a city; D also designated as an administrative city; and E does not have gus

Coordinates: 37°16′N 127°01′E / 37.267°N 127.017°E / 37.267; 127.017

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 158272259 LCCN: n80046823 GND: 77180

.