SUSIMA (also SUSHIMA or SUSHIM; c. 304 – c. 270 BCE) was a
prince of the
Maurya Empire and the eldest son and heir-apparent of
the second Mauryan emperor
Bindusara . He was next in line for his
father's throne, but was assassinated by his younger half-brother,
* 1 Birth and family * 2 Vice-royalty * 3 Civil war after Bindusara\'s death * 4 Cultural depictions * 5 References
BIRTH AND FAMILY
Susima was the eldest and favourite son of the second Mauryan emperor Bindusara. Not only was Susima the crown prince, but his mother was also a princess as opposed to Ashoka's mother, Subhadrangi , who was a commoner. All these factors proved to be highly favourable for Susima and thus, made him a strong contender for his father's throne. In contrast, Ashoka's chances of succeeding Bindusara were pretty slim: his mother was a commoner and Bindusara is said to have been not been too fond of his younger son. Susima had several younger siblings, his half-brothers from other wives of Bindusara.
He had been the viceroy/governor to Takshashila during the reign of
Bindusara as his younger brother
Divyavadana refers to
It is said that a popular revolt occurred at Takshashila during
Susima's time as the Governor which has been blamed upon his
administration. However, this was quelled by Emperor Bindusara.
Another revolt at Takshashila (the reason for the second revolt is
Bindusara could not suppress it in his lifetime) is said
to have been crushed by
CIVIL WAR AFTER BINDUSARA\'S DEATH
Bindusara's death in 273 BCE led to a civil war over succession.
According to Divyavadana,
Susima to succeed him but
* ^ CUP Archive (1955). Rapson, Edward James, ed. The Cambridge
History of India, Volume 1. p. 500.
* ^ Singh, Upinder (2009), A history of ancient and early medieval
India : from the Stone Age to the 12th century (3rd impr. ed.), New
Delhi: Pearson Longman, p. 331, ISBN 9788131716779
* ^ Gupta, Subhadra Sen (2009). "
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