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—Sushruta Samhita, Book 1, Chapter IX
Translator: Engler[35]

The Sushruta Samhita is best known for its approach and discussions of surgery.[45] It was one of the first in human history to suggest that a student of surgery should learn about human body

—Sushruta Samhita, Book 1, Chapter IX
Translator: Engler[35]

The

The Sushruta Samhita is best known for its approach and discussions of surgery.[45] It was one of the first in human history to suggest that a student of surgery should learn about human body and its organs by dissecting a dead body.[45] A student should practice, states the text, on objects resembling the diseased or body part.[132] Incision studies, for example, are recommended on Pushpaphala (squash, Cucurbita maxima), Alavu (bottle gourd, Lagenaria vulgaris), Trapusha (cucumber, Cucumis pubescens), leather bags filled with fluids and bladders of dead animals.[132]

The a

The ancient text, state Menon and Haberman, describes haemorrhoidectomy, amputations, plastic, rhinoplastic, ophthalmic, lithotomic and obstetrical procedures.[45]

The Sushruta mentions various methods including sliding graft, rotation graft and pedicle graft.[133] Reconstruction of a nose (rhinoplasty) which has been cut off, using a flap of skin from the cheek is also described.[134] Labioplasty too has received attention in the samahita.[135]

The Sushruta Samhita, along with the Sanskrit medicine-related classics Atharvaveda and Charak Samhita, together describe more than 700 medicinal herbs.[136] The description, states Padma, includes their taste, appearance and digestive effects to safety, efficacy, dosage and benefits.[136]

Reception

A number of Sus

A number of Sushruta's contributions have been discussed in modern literature. Some of these include Hritshoola (heart pain), circulation of vital body fluids (such as blood (rakta dhatu) and lymph (rasa dhatu), Madhumeha, obesity, and hypertension.[47] Kearns & Nash (2008) state that the first mention of leprosy is described in Sushruta Samhita.[137][138] The text discusses kidney stones and its surgical removal.[139]

Transmission outside India

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