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Surya
Surya
Majapahit
Majapahit
(The Sun
Sun
of Majapahit) is the emblem commonly found in ruins dated from the Majapahit
Majapahit
era. The emblem commonly took the form of an eight-pointed sun ray with the rounded part in the center depicting Hindu
Hindu
deities. The emblem might have taken the form of a cosmological diagram haloed by typical " Surya
Surya
Majapahit" sun rays,[1] or a simple circle with typical sun rays. Because of the popularity of this sun emblem during the Majapahit
Majapahit
era, it is suggested that the sun emblem served as the imperial symbol or emblem of the Majapahit empire.

Contents

1 Hindu
Hindu
deities 2 See also 3 References

3.1 General

Hindu
Hindu
deities[edit] The most common depiction of Surya
Surya
Majapahit
Majapahit
consists of the images of nine deities and eight sun rays. The round center of the sun depicting nine Hindu
Hindu
gods called Dewata Nawa Sanga. The major gods in the center is arranged in eight cardinal points around one god in the center. The arrangements are:

Center: Shiva East: Isvara West: Mahadeva North: Vishnu South: Brahma Northeast: Sambhu Northwest: Sangkara Southeast: Mahesora Southwest: Rudra

The minor deities located at the outer rim of the sun, symbolized by eight shining sun rays:

East: Indra West: Varuna North: Kubera South: Yama Northeast: Isana Northwest: Vayu Southeast: Agni Southwest: Nirṛti

The common carving of Surya
Surya
Majapahit
Majapahit
taken from Majapahit
Majapahit
temple ruins, Trowulan
Trowulan
Museum

Another render of Surya
Surya
Majapahit, taken from Majapahit
Majapahit
temple ruins, National Museum Jakarta

The emblem is rendered in many forms; sometimes it took the form of the circle of deities and sun rays, or just a simple eight-pointed sun ray such as the emblematic Surya
Surya
Majapahit
Majapahit
set into the ceiling of Candi Penataran.[2] The deities in the sun arranged as cosmological diagram in the form of a mandala. Another variation of Surya
Surya
Majapahit is the eight pointed sun rays with the god of sun Surya
Surya
in the center riding celestial horse or chariot. The carving of Surya
Surya
Majapahit usually can be found on the center ceiling of the Garbhagriha
Garbhagriha
(inner sanctum) of the temple such as Bangkal, Sawentar, and Jawi temple. Surya
Surya
Majapahit
Majapahit
also can be found on the Stella, carving of halo or aura at the back of the statue's head. The carving of Surya
Surya
Majapahit also commonly found in gravestone dating from Majapahit
Majapahit
era, such as the Troloyo cemetery in Trowulan.

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See also[edit]

Star of Lakshmi
Star of Lakshmi
- a star-shaped symbol that represents Lakshmi, the Hindu
Hindu
goddess of wealth

References[edit] General[edit]

Exhibit of "Kejayaan Kerajaan-kerajaan Kuno Indonesia" (The Glory of Ancient Indonesian Kingdoms) at Istana Anak-anak Indonesia, Taman Mini Indonesia Indah, displayed Majapahit
Majapahit
artifacts the collection of Trowulan
Trowulan
Museum, East Java. April 2009.

^ Bullough Nigel, (1995). Historic East Java, Remains in Stone, 50th Anniversary of Indonesia Commemorative Edition. Jakarta: ADLine Communications. p. 109.  ^ Bullough Nigel, (1995). Historic East Java, Remains in Stone, 50th Anniversary of Indonesia Commemorative Edition. Jakarta: ADLine Communications.

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