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SURAT SHABD YOGA or SURAT SHABDA YOGA is a type of spiritual yoga practice in the Sant Mat tradition.

CONTENTS

* 1 Etymology * 2 Basic principles * 3 Movements and masters

* 4 The Line of Succession of sikhs

* 4.1 Variations in movements

* 5 Notes and references * 6 External links

ETYMOLOGY

SURAT is ‘attention’ or ‘face’, that is, an outward expression of the soul ; _SHABD _ or Shabda has multiple meanings including ‘sacred song’, ‘word’, ‘voice’, ‘hymn’, ‘verse’, or ‘sound current, ‘audible life stream’, and the ‘essence of the Absolute Supreme Being’. The Absolute Supreme Being is a dynamic force of creative energy sent out into the abyss of space at the dawn of the universe's manifestation, as sound vibrations. These vibrations continue and are sent forth through the ages, framing all things that constitute and inhabit the universe. YOGA is literally ‘union’, or ‘to yoke’. Etymologically, SURAT SHABD YOGA means the ‘Union of the Soul
Soul
with the Essence of the Absolute Supreme Being’.

SURAT SHABDA YOGA is also known as SEHAJ YOGA – the path leading to _Sehaj_ or equipoise , The Path of Light and Sound, The Path of the _Sants or_ 'Saints', The Journey of Soul, and The Yoga
Yoga
of the Sound Current.

BASIC PRINCIPLES

SURAT SHABDA YOGA is for the discovery of _True Self_ (Self-Realization ), _True Essence_ (Spirit-Realization ), and _True Divinity_ (God-Realization ) while living in the human physical body. This involves reuniting in stages with what is called the _Essence of the Absolute Supreme Being_, also known as the Shabd . Attaining this extent of self-realization is believed to result in _jivan _ _moksha/mukti _, which is liberation/release from samsara and positivity in the cycle of karma and reincarnation . Initiation by a contemporary living Satguru (Sat - true, Guru
Guru
- teacher) is considered a prerequisite for successful sadhana (spiritual exercises). The sadhanas include simran (repetition, particularly silent repetition of a mantra given at initiation), dhyan (concentration, viewing, or contemplation, particularly on the Inner Master), and bhajan (listening to the inner sounds of the Shabd ).

Surat Shabd Yoga
Yoga
arose in India in the last several hundred years, specifically in the Sikh tradition founded by Guru
Guru
Nanak. The practice of meditation (shabd), which is the central core practice of Surat Shabd Yoga, is derived from the ancient Hindu practice of Nada Yoga. Nada Yoga
Yoga
is expounded in various Hindu scriptures such as the Nada-Bindu-Upanishad, an ancient text affiliated with the several thousands-year-old Rig Veda. The practice of Nada Yoga
Yoga
within Hinduism has been widely affiliated within many yoga traditions including bhakti or devotional yogas, kundalini and tantric yogas, laya yoga, and raja yoga. Modern Hindu teachers still emphasizing Nada Yoga include Swami Sivananda, Swami Rama, Rammurti Mishra (Shri Brahmananda Sarasvati), Paramahansa Yogananda (Kriya Yoga
Yoga
Lineage), and many others. The practice of Nada Yoga
Yoga
is an integral part of various other traditions as well, such as being a form of the advanced Thogal practice in the Tibetan Dzogchen lineage, and the central practice advocated by H.P. Blavatsky, founder of the Theosophical Society and writer of "The Voice of the Silence". The form of Surat Shabd Yoga, practiced by followers of Sant Mat and the Sikh tradition, is most commonly related to Nada Yoga. Furthermore, Nada Yoga
Yoga
resembles and combines elements from the Hindu practices of raja yoga, laya yoga, and bhakti yoga.

MOVEMENTS AND MASTERS

Main articles: Sant Mat , Contemporary Sant Mat movement , and Radha Soami

Adherents believe Surat Shabda Yoga
Yoga
has been expressed through the movements of many different master. However, a basic principle of Surat Shabd Yoga's tradition is the requirement for an outer Living Master to initiate followers onto the Path. The movements whose historical Satgurus have died and their successors do not purport themselves to be Surat Shabd Yoga
Yoga
Satgurus, usually are not considered currently to be Surat Shabd Yoga
Yoga
movements, either by their own leaders or by movements with current Living Masters.

Sadguru Maharshi Mehi Paramahansa Ji Maharaj is a great Sant of 20th century. He came to an alone and isolated cave of Kuppaghat, Bhagalpur (Bihar, India). This cave was located on the bank of the holy river Ganga . He cleaned the cave that was too long inside and started His continuous hard practice of Surat- Shabda Yoga
Yoga
from March 1933 - November 1934. He achieved self-realization and attained ultimate salvation during his practice. This cave has been the holy evidence of His spiritual aura. He embodied His self-experienced knowledge in His books "Moksha-Darshan (Philosophy of Salvation), "Satsang-Yoga", "Shri Gita- Yoga
Yoga
Prakash", "Raamcharit Maanas Saar-Satik", "Maharshi-Mehi-Padaawali" and many others. "Maharshi-Mehi-Padawaali" is the prose collection penned by Him because it was the time He started constant and ceaseless meditation of Drishti- Yoga
Yoga
and Surat- Shabda Yoga.

The Radhasoami movement of Surat Shabda Yoga
Yoga
was established by Shiv Dayal Singh (1818–1878) in 1861 and named " Radhasoami Satsang" circa 1866. Soamiji Maharaj, as he was known, presided over the satsang meetings for seventeen years at Panni Gali and Soami Bagh in Agra
Agra
, India, until he died on June 15, 1878. Accounts of his guru and successors vary, although he gave verbal instructions on his last day as to how his followers should be cared for. According to Radha Soami Satsang
Satsang
Beas, his guru was Tulsi Sahib of Hathras. According to the successors Soami Bagh and Dayal Bagh, Tulsi Sahib was a contemporary guru of the same teachings; but being a natural born Satguru, Shiv Dayal Singh himself had no guru.

After his death, six immediate successors carried on Shiv Dayal Singh’s teachings, including Huzur Maharaj Rai Salig Ram of Peepal Mandi, Agra, and Babaji Maharaj Jaimal Singh of Dera Baba Jaimal Singh the present day headquarters of (RSSB), Radha Soami Satsang
Satsang
Beas . More information on living masters related to Shiv Dayal Singh's lineage can be found in the Contemporary Sant Mat movement article.

Sant Kirpal Singh , a contemporary Sant Mat guru , stated that "Naam" ("Word") has been described in many traditions through the use of several different terms. In his teachings, the following expressions are interpreted as being identical to "Naam":

* "Naad", "Akash Bani", and "Sruti" in the _ Vedas
Vedas
_ * "Nada" and "Udgit" in the _Upanishads _ * " Logos
Logos
" and "Word" in the _ New Testament
New Testament
_ * " Tao
Tao
" by Lao Zi * "Music of the Spheres " by Pythagoras
Pythagoras
* "Sraosha" by Zoraster * "Kalma" and "Kalam-i-Qadim" in the _Qur\'an _ * " Naam ", "Akhand Kirtan", and "Sacha ('True') Shabd" by Guru Granth Sahib

The more recently promulgated Quan Yin Method of meditation espoused via the spiritual teachings of Supreme Master Ching Hai has notable similarities to Surat Shabd Yoga.

Eckankar
Eckankar
, an American movement, has many links to Surat Shabd Yoga including terminology, although its American founder Paul Twitchell disassociated himself from his former teacher Kirpal Singh.

The Movement of Spiritual Inner Awareness , also founded in America in 1971 by John-Roger and now with students in thirty-two countries, also teaches a similar form of active meditation called _spiritual exercises_. This movement uses the Sound Current and ancient Sanskrit tones in order to traverse and return to the higher realms of Spirit and into God.

MasterPath is another contemporary American movement of Surat Shabda Yoga. Gary Olsen, the current Living Master of this branch, contends that several historical figures are Sat Gurus of Surat Shabda Yoga
Yoga
as representatives for the eternal Inner Shabda Master. A few of these Living Masters of their times include Lao Tsu , Jesus
Jesus
, Pythagoras
Pythagoras
, Socrates
Socrates
, Kabir
Kabir
, the Sufi
Sufi
Masters, and mystic poets, Hafez
Hafez
and Rumi , the Ten Sikh Gurus beginning with Guru
Guru
Nanak , Tulsi Sahib, and the Radhasoami/ Radha Soami and offshoot Masters, including Shiv Dayal Singh , Baba Sawan Singh , Baba Faqir Chand , and Sant Kirpal Singh .

The ten Sikh Satgurus discuss the inner sound and inner light a lot in their scriptures. The first Sikh Satguru was Guru
Guru
Nanak , but his master (guru) was Waheguru . These masters teach these two techniques. There is a master, Satpal Maharaj , that teaches four techniques that include these two of inner light and inner music. Altogether He teaches inner light (sight), inner music (hearing), primordial vibration (sense of touch), and nectar (taste and smell).

These correspond to the five senses, and this is how a student turns them inward to experience what is inside of himself. See Vishnu
Vishnu
with his four arms and they correspond to these. One hand is holding a circle (chakra) of light, one holding a conch shell for the inner sound (hold it to the ear and a sound is heard), one holding a lotus flower to refer to nectar, and finally the fourth hand is holding a metal club (mace) for the inner vibration (if you hit something with it, it vibrates like a tuning fork). Some people refer to this inner energy as the soul.

Two of the names above were changed. Below the same paragraph is written again with the new names based on sources.

The ten Sikh Satgurus talk about the inner sound and inner light a lot in their scriptures. The first Sikh Satguru was Sri Guru
Guru
Nanak Dev Ji , but his master was Waheguru . says: "Kabir's early life is not firmly established.:14 In Indian tradition, he is commonly supposed to have lived for 120 years from 1398 to 1518, which "permits him to be associated with other famous figures such as Guru
Guru
Nanak."But none of this is written anywhere or proved yet both personalities used Gurmukhi for writing 'Bani'.

THE LINE OF SUCCESSION OF SIKHS

THE LINE OF SUCCESSION FROM KABIR TO PRESENT From Kabir
Kabir
to present, the Masters of the Divine Science of Light and Sound appear and manifest themselves as an uninterrupted line, through which they transmitted to each successor the one knowledge and the one Power. Subsequently, we can trace an exact "family tree" from Kabir
Kabir
Sahib (1398-1518) to Sri Guru
Guru
Nanak Dev Ji (1469-1539)and further as shown below:

ਹੁਕਮੁ ਪਛਾਨੈ ਸੁ ਏਕੋ ਜਾਨੈ ਬੰਦਾ ਕਹੀਐ ਸੋਈ॥੩॥ (GGSG-Page No.1350-3) …Saint Kabir One who will recognize the Command (hukam), will know One Lord, That person is the real man.

ਸਚਾ ਸਉਦਾ ਹਰਿ ਨਾਮੁ ਹੈ ਸਚਾ ਵਾਪਾਰਾ ਰਾਮ॥ (GGSG-Page No.570) The True merchandise is the Lord`s Naam . Trader raam(sattguru) is truth. (Through True merchandise (ਸਚਾ ਸਉਦਾ) Guru
Guru
Nanak got the Naam)

ਏਕੋ ਨਾਮੁ ਹੁਕਮੁ ਹੈ ਨਾਨਕ ਸਿਤਗੁਿਰ ਦੀਆ ਬੁਝਾਇ ਜੀਉ॥੫॥ (GGSG-Page No.72) .. Guru
Guru
Nanak "The One "Naam" is the Lord's Command" ,O Nanak, the "True Guru(teacher)" helped me to guess the lamp(light). (One Naam means One Word, and Hukam=Naam)

ਦੇਹੀ ਅੰਦਰਿ ਨਾਮੁ ਨਿਵਾਸੀ॥ (GGSG-Page No.1026) The Naam or word or kalma, abides deep within the body.

And then to the nine Gurus of the Sikhs: Sri Guru
Guru
Angad Dev Ji (1504-1552), Sr Guru
Guru
Amar Das Ji (1479-1574), Sri Guru
Guru
Ram Das Ji (1534-1581), Sri Guru
Guru
Arjan Dev Ji (1563-¬1606), Sri Guru
Guru
Har Gobind Sahib Ji (1595-1644), Sri Guru
Guru
Har Rai Sahib Ji (1630-1661), Sri Guru
Guru
Har Krishan Ji (1656-1664), Sri Guru
Guru
Teg Bahadur Ji (1621-1675) and Sri Guru
Guru
Gobind Singh Ji (1667-1708).

VARIATIONS IN MOVEMENTS

Among the exponents of Surat Shabd Yoga
Yoga
and the commonly shared elements related to the basic principles, notable variations also exist. For example, the followers of the orthodox Sikh faith no longer lay emphasis on a contemporary living guru. Different Surat Shabd Yoga paths will vary in the names used to describe the Absolute Supreme Being ( God
God
), including Anami Purush (nameless power) and Radha Soami (lord of the soul); the presiding deities and divisions of the macrocosm ; the number of outer initiations ; the words given as mantras ; and the initiation vows or the prerequisites that must be agreed to before being accepted as an initiate.

NOTES AND REFERENCES

* ^ Singh, Kirpal. Morning Talks, chapter 25, page 1, ("Righteousness - Detachment - Self-restraint.") ISBN 0-942735-16-1 , Ruhani Satsang, (7th ed., 2003): "The whole thing depends upon your attention, or surat as it is called, which is the outward expression of your soul." * ^ Singh, K., _ Naam or Word_. Blaine, WA: Ruhani Satsang
Satsang
Books. ISBN 0-942735-94-3 , 1999; BOOK TWO: SHABD, The Sound Principle. * ^ " Radhasoami Satsang: Soamiji Maharaj". _radhasoamisatsang.org_. Retrieved 2017-01-14. * ^ Singh, Shiv Dayal. (1934). _Sar Bachan: An abstract of the teachings of Soami Ji Maharaj, the founder of the Radha Soami system of philosophy and spiritual science: The yoga of the Sound Current_. Translated from Hindi to English by Seva Singh with Julian Johnson. (9th ed.) Beas, India: Radha Soami Satsang
Satsang
Beas. * ^ "WebCite query result". _www.webcitation.org_. Retrieved 2017-01-14. * ^ Singh, K. (1999). _ Naam or Word_. Blaine, WA: Ruhani Satsang Books. ISBN 0-942735-94-3 * ^ “Religious Requirements and Practices of Certain Selected Groups: