The Supreme People's Court of Vietnam (Vietnamese: Tòa án nhân dân tối cao) is the highest court of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. The Supreme People's Court is one of the two institutions at the apex of the judicial system of Vietnam, with the other body being the Supreme People's Procuracy of Vietnam. Both are accountable to the President of Vietnam, the highest institution of government power in the country. The head of the Supreme People's Court of Vietnam is the Chief Justice. The current Chief Justice of Vietnam is Nguyen Hoa Binh.
The Supreme People's Court is responsible for providing leadership to the Vietnamese court system, supervising the judicial process, and recommending bills to the National Assembly as appropriate under law. It is a court of final resort.
The Court is by statute the court of final resort for all matters arising under Vietnamese law. It hears appeals in cases where court decisions have been implemented. The Court's Council of Justices can also pass resolutions directing lower courts on the uniform enforcement of the law across the country.
Prior to June 2015, when parts of the Law on the Organization of People's Courts (2014) and several resolutions by the Standing Committee of the National Assembly took effect, the Supreme People's Court also had some intermediate appellate jurisdiction via its three appellate benches (toà phúc thẩm). However, the 2014 law transformed those appellate benches into full courts called superior people's courts (toà án nhân dân cấp cao), and removed intermediate appellate jurisdiction from the Supreme People's Court.
The Supreme People's Court of Vietnam is organized according to the Law on the Organization of People's Courts (2014). Under law, the Court's organization consists of the Council of Justices, its supporting apparatus, as well as training facilities as needed.
The Court's Council of Justices consists of the Chief Justice, the Deputy Chief Justices, and other justices of the Supreme People's Court as appointed by the National Assembly on nomination by the President. It must have at least 13 members, and at most 17 members. Appeals are heard by panels of five justices, or by the entire Council of Justices when appropriate under law.
|Democratic Republic of Vietnam (1945-1976)|
|-||Trần Công Tường (acting)||5/1958 - 5/1959||Worker's Party of Vietnam|
|1||Phạm Văn Bạch||5/1959 - 7/1976||Worker's Party of Vietnam|
|Socialist Republic of Vietnam (1976-present)|
|1||Phạm Văn Bạch||7/1976 - 5/1981||Communist Party of Vietnam|
|2||Phạm Hưng||1981 - 1997||Communist Party of Vietnam|
|3||Trịnh Hồng Dương||1997 - 2002||Communist Party of Vietnam|
|4||Nguyễn Văn Hiện||2002 - 2007||Communist Party of Vietnam|
|5||Trương Hòa Bình||2007 - 2016||Communist Party of Vietnam|
|6||Nguyễn Hòa Bình||2016 - incumbent||Communist Party of Vietnam|
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