Supreme Administrative Court of the Republic of Poland
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Poland Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country located in Central Europe Central Europe is an area of Europe Europe is a which is also recognised as part of , located entirely in the and mostly in the . It comprises ...
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Warsaw Warsaw, * la, Varsovia (Polish Polish may refer to: * Anything from or related to Poland Poland ( pl, Polska ), officially the Republic of Poland ( pl, Rzeczpospolita Polska, links=no ), is a country located in Central Europe. ...
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Constitution of Poland The current Constitution of Poland was founded on 2 April 1997. Formally known as the Constitution of the Republic of Poland ( pl, Konstytucja Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej), it replaced the Small Constitution of 1992 The Small Constitution of 1992 ...
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Marek Zirk-Sadowski Marek is the West Slavic (Czech, Polish and Slovak) masculine equivalent of Marcus (disambiguation), Marcus, Marc (disambiguation), Marc or Mark (disambiguation), Mark. The name may refer to: People *Marek (given name) *Marek (surname) *Marek, the ...
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Republic of Poland Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country located in Central Europe Central Europe is an area of Europe Europe is a which is also recognised as part of , located entirely in the and mostly in the . It comprises ...
( pl, Naczelny Sąd Administracyjny) is the
court of last resort A supreme court is the highest court A court is any person or institution, often as a government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a state State may refer to: Arts, en ...
in administrative cases e.g. those betweens private citizens (or corporations) and administrative bodies. This court deals with appeals from lower administrative courts called
Voivodship Administrative Court A voivodeship is the area administered by a voivode (Governor) in several countries of central and eastern Europe. Voivodeships have existed since medieval times and the area of extent of voivodeship resembles that of a duchy in western medieval ...
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Structure of The Supreme Administrative Court of Poland

The Supreme Administrative Court is located in
Warsaw Warsaw, * la, Varsovia (Polish Polish may refer to: * Anything from or related to Poland Poland ( pl, Polska ), officially the Republic of Poland ( pl, Rzeczpospolita Polska, links=no ), is a country located in Central Europe. ...
. It consists of The President of the Supreme Administrative Court, Vice Presidents, and judges.


Chambers

The Supreme Administrative Court is divided into three chambers: Commercial Chamber, Financial Chamber, and General Administrative Chamber. The Commercial Chamber supervises the jurisdiction of regional administrative courts as far as customs, and most business regulation is concerned. The Financial Chamber supervises the jurisdiction of regional administrative courts when it comes to financial obligations and other payments regulated by tax law. The General Administrative Chamber supervises the rest of the jurisdiction of regional administrative courts. Within its organization, there are three organs: The President of The Supreme Administrative Court, The General Assembly of Judges, and The Council of Judges.


President and Vice President

The President of the Supreme Administrative Court manages the functioning of The Supreme Administrative Court and represents it on the outside. He has the right to look into all cases pleaded in The Supreme Administrative Court. He may require not only explanations but also removing faults in a procedure and may also be present during a closed session. The President of Supreme Administrative Court is nominated for 6 years by the
Polish President The president of Poland ( pl, Prezydent RP), officially the president of the Republic of Poland ( pl, Prezydent Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej), is the head of state of Poland. Their rights and obligations are determined in the Constitution of Poland ...
as one of two candidates designated by The General Assembly of Judges. These two candidates are chosen from all the judges of the Supreme Administrative Court. The Vice-presidents of the Supreme Administrative Court take up their activities commissioned by The President. Being designated by The President, they direct the work within each Chamber. They are nominated and dismissed by the President of Poland.


Judges

The General Assembly of Judges consists of judges nominated to the Supreme Administrative Court. At the top of the hierarchy, there is The President of the Supreme Administrative Court. To their duties belong: *considering the annual report concerning the activity of The Supreme Administrative Court prepared by The President, *presenting candidates for judges to the Polish Judiciary Council, *designating two candidates for The President of The Supreme Administrative Court, *approving candidates for Vice-presidents, which is needed for their nomination by the President of Poland, *recognizing and giving an opinion to every case presented by The President or by each judge. An absolute majority in the presence of at least half of the members is needed in order to pass the resolution. The Council of Judges sets a division of activities within the Supreme Administrative Court and distributes the coming cases to the judges. It gives an opinion concerning candidates for judges to The General Assembly. The term of this organ lasts three years. The chairman of The Council is The President of the Supreme Administrative Court. Again, an absolute majority in the presence of at least half of the members is needed here to pass a resolution.


Presidents of the court

* 1980–1981 – * 1982–1992 – Adam Zieliński * 1992–2004 –
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* 2004–2010 – Janusz Trzciński * 2010–2015 –
Roman Hauser Roman or Romans most often refers to: *Rome, the capital city of Italy *Ancient Rome, Roman civilization from 8th century BC to 5th century AD *Roman people, the people of ancient Rome *''Epistle to the Romans'', shortened to ''Romans'', a letter ...
* Since 2015 –
Marek Zirk-Sadowski Marek is the West Slavic (Czech, Polish and Slovak) masculine equivalent of Marcus (disambiguation), Marcus, Marc (disambiguation), Marc or Mark (disambiguation), Mark. The name may refer to: People *Marek (given name) *Marek (surname) *Marek, the ...


See also

*
Administrative court An administrative court is a type of court A court is any person or institution, often as a government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a state State may refer to: Art ...


External links


Supreme Administrative Court's Webpage
{{DEFAULTSORT:Supreme Administrative Court of the Republic of Poland Administrative courts Judiciary of Poland 1980 establishments in Poland Courts and tribunals established in 1980