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Predominantly Kiranti, Hinduism, Buddhism

A greeting in Sunuwar

Sunuwar
Sunuwar
Udhauli at Nakhipot, Lalitpur, Nepal
Nepal
6 Dec. 2014

Selected ethnic groups of Nepal: Kiranti; Sunuwar;Limbu; Rai; Yakha; Sunuwar

The Sunuwar
Sunuwar
(Nepali: सुनुवार जाति Sunuwār Jāti) is an indigenous tribe from Nepal
Nepal
and some areas of India. The majority of this tribe follow the Kirant
Kirant
religion and adopt the Mundhum (Kiranti) culture. They speak the Sunuwar
Sunuwar
language. Hinduism also have some influence. According to the 2001 census of Nepal, only 17.4% were Kirant.[1] The Kiranti-Kõinchs number 96,254. The term ‘Kõinchs’ is also the name of the mother tongue. Other terms like Mukhiya or Mukhia are exonyms of the tribe. There is another common teasing name (mainly given by outsiders) of the tribe coined from the Sunuwar
Sunuwar
language itself, e.g. Maaraapaache (lexically maar ‘what’ and patsaa ‘to do’, from when the speakers ask themselves maar patsaa? when in a dilemma). Sunuwar
Sunuwar
have their distinct language, religion, culture and social customs. They inhabit the eastern hills of Nepal
Nepal
and Himalayan Indina. They are concentrated along the Molung Khola, Likhu Khola and Khimti Khola (‘Khola’ Indo-Aryan Nepali etymon ‘rivulet’) regions. By administrative division, they dwell in Okhaldhunga, Ramechhap and Dolakha districts of Nepal, politically known as Wallo (‘Near/Hither’), Kirant
Kirant
(in the past and also in use among the Kirantis at present) after the fall of the Kirant
Kirant
dynasty (ruling for about 1903 years and 8 months) at the ancient Nepal
Nepal
valley. Wallo Kirant
Kirant
in the past was their Kipat or communal land. Their migration (mainly to the east) later took place in several parts of the country in Jhapa, Ilam, Panchthar, Taplejung, Terathum, Sunsari, Sindhuli, Kathmandu and other districts and abroad to places such as Darjeeling, Sikkim, Japan, Bhutan, South Korea, the United Kingdom, the United States, and Canada.

Contents

1 Lifestyle 2 Traditional cultures 3 Sunuwar
Sunuwar
Song (Koich Kumsho) 4 Kirant
Kirant
Kings 5 Gallery 6 See also 7 References

Lifestyle[edit] Most Sunuwar
Sunuwar
practice agriculture (approximately 55%.) They do so throughout the eastern hills of present-day Nepal. Crop cultivation and cattle farming (Rice, Millet, Wheat, Soybean, Potato, and Corn) are the main agricultural works. Sunuwar
Sunuwar
people also took part in the Second World War and were known as brave Gorkhali fighters, as well as honest. Some Sunuwar
Sunuwar
still join the Nepal
Nepal
Army, Indian Army, Singapore Police Force and British Gurkha Army. Due to limited opportunities within the nation, people with education go abroad for work. Attractive salaries and facilities in other countries motivate these people to seek jobs abroad. Only few Sunuwar
Sunuwar
people are involved in the government service and private sectors in Nepal. Traditional cultures[edit]

lunar months

Sunuwar
Sunuwar
are very rich in culture and traditions. They have hundreds of traditional feasts and festivals with complex rituals and rules. Every traditional feast or festival has its own objectives, characteristics, and system of celebration. Some festivals, such as Chandi Dance in (Baisakh Purnima), Sakela
Sakela
(Shyadar-Pidar), Gil puja (Gil-Pidar), and Meserani puja (Meserani-Pidar), are considered more important than others. They celebrate the Shyadar-pidar festival on the Day of Buddha Purnima, or after 5 days of Buddha Purnima(Panchami) according to the Nepali calendar. Sunuwar
Sunuwar
New year is celebrated on the day of Basanta Panchami. As a community, they celebrate Meserani Pidar twice a year, based on the Lunar Calendar. Sunuwar
Sunuwar
Song (Koich Kumsho)[edit] Sunuwari Song: Reuhita Ragimshumshaa (Raining)

"Reuhita "

Ao "Raining" Tara Sunuwar.

Problems playing this file? See media help.

"सेवल"

Ao "सुनुवार ".

Problems playing this file? See media help.

Kirant
Kirant
Kings[edit] The 29 Kirat kings were as follows:

Yalamber 2. Pavi 3. Skandhar 4. Balamba 5. Hriti 6. Humati 7. Jitedasti 8. Galinja 9. Pushka 10. Suyarma 11. Papa 12. Bunka 13. Swananda 14. Sthunko 15. Jinghri 16. Nane 17. Luka 18. Thor 19. Thoko 20 Verma 21. Guja 22. Pushkar 23. Keshu 24. Suja 25. Sansa 26. Gunam 27. Khimbu 28. Patuka 29. Gasti

Gallery[edit]

Udhuali

Sunuwar
Sunuwar
girl

Sunuwar
Sunuwar
culture

Sunuwar
Sunuwar
Udhuali Sadhar

Sunuwar
Sunuwar
Male and Female

Sunuwar
Sunuwar
Koich Puki at Tudikhel

Sunuwar
Sunuwar
Koich Puki at nakhipot

See also[edit]

Pop music portal Nepal
Nepal
portal

Place of Sunuwari (Koichi) Language

Khijee
Khijee
or khiji First Place Bhujee
Bhujee
or Bujhi Prette or priti Katee or Kati Mulegaun or Muli Phalate
Phalate
or Falate Ragane or Ragani Prapche or Prapchi Kirate chhap

References[edit] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9]

^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-05-19. Retrieved 2011-04-02.  ^ "Central Bureau of Statistics". Cbs.gov.np. Retrieved 2017-07-01.  ^ "Sunuwar.org". Sunuwar.org. Retrieved 2017-07-01.  ^ [1] Archived 2013-09-22 at the Wayback Machine. ^ " Sunuwar
Sunuwar
Samaj Hong Kong". Sunuwarsamajhk.org. 2011-09-23. Retrieved 2017-07-01.  ^ [2] Archived 2013-09-25 at the Wayback Machine. ^ [3] Archived 2013-09-08 at the Wayback Machine. ^ " Sunuwar
Sunuwar
Dress - Home". Facebook. Retrieved 2017-07-01.  ^ "Sunuwar: Sunuwar". Sunuwardurga.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2017-07-01. 

v t e

Ethnic groups in Nepal
Nepal
by by language family

Sino-Tibetan (Trans-Himalayan)

High altitudes

Darchula Bhotiya Lo (Mustang) Bhotiya Sherpa (Bhotia) Hyolmo Jirel Nepalese Central Tibetic

Lhomi (Sing Saapa) Siyar (Chumba) Larke Dolpa, etc.

Central Tibetans Kachee

Burig

Sunuwar
Sunuwar
and Rai Yakthung

South East

Sunuwar Bahing

Central Rai

Khambu Rai

Kulung

Bantawa

Eastern Rai

Lohorung Yakha

Limbu
Limbu
(Yakthung)

Tamangic

Chhantyal Gurung (Tamu)

Manang bas

Tamang

Ghale Lama clan (Tamang)

Thakali Kaike Magar

Magar

Dhut Kham/Pang

Chepang Bhujel Raji–Raute

Raji Raute Rawat

Dura Lepcha (Rong) Dhimal Koch Meche

Indo-Aryan

Eastern Pahari

Khas

Palpa-speakers Jumli-speakers

Miyan

Nepalese Madhesi

Maithil Bhojpuri Rajbansi

Newars

Newar
Newar
community

Over 25 distinct castes, major being Shresthas, Chathariya, Jyapu, Vajracharya, Rajopadhyaya Brahmins, Chitrakar, Khadgi, Manandhar, Dhobi, Pode, Ranjitkar, Mali, etc.

Newar
Newar
Muslim

Indian Madhesi

Indian Maithil Bihari

Bhojpuri Bajjika etc.

Awadhi other Madhesi

H U

Kumauni Kashmiris Kumhali Kushbadiya (Guhari)

Indo-Aryan of a distinct origin

Danuar Rai Bote Kuswaric Majhi Darai Tharu Hill Khadiya/Bankariya Rajbansi Kisan of Oraon Sadri Kushbadiya (Guhari)

Other peoples (M, D, i) of Indus-Ganga

Kusunda Munda Satar Dudh and Dhelki Khadiya/Bankariya Jangad/Dhangad/Uraun

Kisan

Immigrants

Korean Filipino Russian

Other basis

By Caste

Kshetri Rajopadhyaya Bahun Shresthas Jyapu Vajracharya Pulami Kami Damai/Dholi Thakuri Sarki Unspecified Dalit Kalwar Dhobi Mali Gaine/Gandarbha

By geography

Mountain people (Buddhist/Animism) Hill people (Eastern Paharis and Newars, Hindu/Buddhist) Kirati
Kirati
(East, mostly Mundhum/Buddhist) Terai
Terai
(Madhesi, Tharu, Danuwar and Dhimal) (Lowland) Western Nepal
Nepal
( Hindu
Hindu
dominant) Nepali Muslim (South)

By law

Janajati

Madheshi Janajati

Misc

Adivasi Simantakrit

About one third of Madhesi people
Madhesi people
are of Indian ancestry while the other two thir

.