SUNDARIJAL is a village development committee in
Bagmati Zone of central
* 1 History
* 2 Geography and climate
* 2.1 Geographical situation
* 2.2 Climate
* 3 Demographics
* 4 Economy
* 4.1 Agriculture
* 4.2 Tourism
* 5 Culture
* 6 Infrastructure
* 7 Education
* 8 Biodiversity
* 9 References
The VDC was named after the Hindu goddess, Sundarimai. A temple is
dedicated to the deity in Sundarijal.
In 1960, the
Sundarijal Military Detention Camp was the location of
Nepali Congress leaders
B.P. Koirala (the Prime Minister), Ganesh Man
Krishna Prasad Bhattarai , Diwan Singh Rai , Ram Narayan
Mishra , Yogendra Man Sherchan , and Jaman Singh Gurung . They were
held without trial for eight years due to their participation in a
GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
Bagmati River from
Sundarijal is located 15 kilometres (9 mi) northeast of Nepal's
Kathmandu . It is west of
Gagalphedi , east of
Baluwa , and north of
Aalapot . The VDC touches Nuwakot and
Sindhulpalchok Districts to the north.
Sundarijal covers an area of 5.18 square kilometres (2 sq mi). The
Bagmati River flows through the VDC, where it is joined by the
Shyalmati and Nagmati Rivers. Largely hilly in its terrain with few
flat areas, the VDC is covered by forests. Shivapuri National Park
covers large amounts of the Sundarijal.
The climate of
Sundarijal is temperate. The average for the summer is
25.5˚C while that for the winter is 0˚C.
At the time of the 2011
Sundarijal had a population of
2,552 living in 547 individual households. For the 2001 census
Sundarijal had a population of 2586 in 444 individual households.
Sixty percent of the townsfolk are Buddhists, while a 40% minority of
Hindus are present.
Below is the population and households of Sundarijal's four wards:
Rice farming at
Agriculture in the VDC is only present in the eight ward. No modern
technology for this is in existence, as farmers only use traditional
techniques. In the northern part of the ward, the predominate crops
are millet and maize , although cultivation also includes barley and
some vegetables. In the southern area, wheat , barley, maize, potato ,
vegetables and millet are grown.
Tourism is a large industry in Sundarijal. It is a famous place for
Canyoning . Pollution has risen in the
Sundarijal reservoir due to
large numbers of tourists who crowd the VDC every weekend. They are
attracted to the area's natural beauty, including the waterfalls and
rivers. People from
Kathmandu valley come due to being about an hour
drive away. In addition, the VDC is a starting point for hikers along
Langtang Range . There are several picnic tables to meet the needs
Various trekking route also lies in Sundarijal. Among them Sundarijal
to Chesapani trek is famous one which covers almost 22 km distance.
The main cultural sites in
Sundarijal are the temples of Sundarimai
Mandir, Ganesh Mandir, and Krishna Mandir. In July, the Dashahara
festival is celebrated near bodies of water close to the temples.
National Scout Training Center situated here is also the attraction of
A 640 kW hydropower plant near the bus park area provides electricity
to Sundarijal. A mail post and police station are also located here.
There is a
US$ 464 million drinking water project that would bring
Melamchi , treat it, and distribute it in Sundarijal. A
pipeline 58 kilometres (36 mi) in length would be laid in Sundarijal
to other places in the
Kathmandu Valley. It will start pumping 170
million liters of water daily in 2011 or 2012.
About 90% of townsfolk can read or write, though less than that
number are fully literate. Members of the younger generation under 25
years of are more likely to be literate than those over 40 years old.
Classes to teach this to older adults have existed in the past, though
they are no longer due to low attendance.
There are four schools in Sundarijal, whose attendance is shown
A view of
Shivapuri National Park from
Sundarijal's vegetation consists of mostly pine , oak , rhododendron
, and other forest types. Wildlife recorded in the area include the
Himalayan black bear , leopard , jungle cat , and rhesus monkey . The
Sundarijal is the habitat of 177 species of birds, which
includes at least nine threatened species, 102 species of butterflies
with several endangered species, and 129 species of mushrooms.
* ^ A B C D E F G H I J K L M Khadka, R.B. (2005). "Integrative
Microdevelopment in Sundarijal?".
Nepal Study Center. University of
New Mexico . Retrieved 2008-10-06.
* ^ "Picture of
Sundarijal Military Detention Camp". Nepali
Congress . Archived from the original on 2002-08-02. Retrieved
* ^ Phuyal, Surendra (2001-06-03). "Put on your hiking boots and.."
Sunday Post. The
Kathmandu Post . Archived from the original on
December 24, 2005. Retrieved 2008-10-08.
* ^ "
* ^ ""Exorbitant" land price obstructs
Melamchi Project". The
Rising Nepal. 2002-02-10. Archived from the original on October 7,
2006. Retrieved 2008-10-08.
* ^ Sangraula, Bikash (2007-03-09). "ADB to trim
Melamchi by US $
114 m". eKantipur. Retrieved 2008-10-08.