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SUNDARIJAL is a village development committee in Kathmandu
Kathmandu
District in the Bagmati Zone of central Nepal
Nepal
.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 2 Geography and climate

* 2.1 Geographical situation * 2.2 Climate

* 3 Demographics

* 4 Economy

* 4.1 Agriculture * 4.2 Tourism

* 5 Culture * 6 Infrastructure * 7 Education * 8 Biodiversity * 9 References

HISTORY

The VDC was named after the Hindu goddess, Sundarimai. A temple is dedicated to the deity in Sundarijal.

In 1960, the Sundarijal
Sundarijal
Military Detention Camp was the location of Nepali Congress
Nepali Congress
leaders B.P. Koirala
B.P. Koirala
(the Prime Minister), Ganesh Man Singh , Krishna Prasad Bhattarai , Diwan Singh Rai , Ram Narayan Mishra , Yogendra Man Sherchan , and Jaman Singh Gurung . They were held without trial for eight years due to their participation in a 1960 coup.

GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE

GEOGRAPHICAL SITUATION

View of Bagmati River
Bagmati River
from Sundarijal
Sundarijal

Sundarijal
Sundarijal
is located 15 kilometres (9 mi) northeast of Nepal's capital, Kathmandu
Kathmandu
. It is west of Gagalphedi
Gagalphedi
, east of Nayapati and Baluwa , and north of Aalapot
Aalapot
. The VDC touches Nuwakot and Sindhulpalchok Districts to the north.

Sundarijal
Sundarijal
covers an area of 5.18 square kilometres (2 sq mi). The Bagmati River
Bagmati River
flows through the VDC, where it is joined by the Shyalmati and Nagmati Rivers. Largely hilly in its terrain with few flat areas, the VDC is covered by forests. Shivapuri National Park covers large amounts of the Sundarijal.

CLIMATE

The climate of Sundarijal
Sundarijal
is temperate. The average for the summer is 25.5˚C while that for the winter is 0˚C.

DEMOGRAPHICS

At the time of the 2011 Nepal
Nepal
census Sundarijal
Sundarijal
had a population of 2,552 living in 547 individual households. For the 2001 census Sundarijal
Sundarijal
had a population of 2586 in 444 individual households. Sixty percent of the townsfolk are Buddhists, while a 40% minority of Hindus are present.

Below is the population and households of Sundarijal's four wards:

# HOUSEHOLDS MALE FEMALE TOTAL

1 30 86 88 174

2 104 278 295 573

3 51 117 118 235

4 54 113 136 249

5 37 149 105 254

6 32 89 86 175

7 35 95 105 200

8 35 175 132 307

9 66 209 210 419

444 1311 1275 2586

ECONOMY

AGRICULTURE

Rice farming at Sundarijal
Sundarijal

Agriculture in the VDC is only present in the eight ward. No modern technology for this is in existence, as farmers only use traditional techniques. In the northern part of the ward, the predominate crops are millet and maize , although cultivation also includes barley and some vegetables. In the southern area, wheat , barley, maize, potato , vegetables and millet are grown.

TOURISM

Canyoing at Sundarijal
Sundarijal

Tourism is a large industry in Sundarijal. It is a famous place for Canyoning . Pollution has risen in the Sundarijal
Sundarijal
reservoir due to large numbers of tourists who crowd the VDC every weekend. They are attracted to the area's natural beauty, including the waterfalls and rivers. People from Kathmandu
Kathmandu
valley come due to being about an hour drive away. In addition, the VDC is a starting point for hikers along the Langtang
Langtang
Range . There are several picnic tables to meet the needs of tourists.

Various trekking route also lies in Sundarijal. Among them Sundarijal to Chesapani trek is famous one which covers almost 22 km distance.

CULTURE

The main cultural sites in Sundarijal
Sundarijal
are the temples of Sundarimai Mandir, Ganesh Mandir, and Krishna Mandir. In July, the Dashahara festival is celebrated near bodies of water close to the temples. National Scout Training Center situated here is also the attraction of tourists.

INFRASTRUCTURE

A 640 kW hydropower plant near the bus park area provides electricity to Sundarijal. A mail post and police station are also located here.

There is a US$
US$
464 million drinking water project that would bring water from Melamchi , treat it, and distribute it in Sundarijal. A pipeline 58 kilometres (36 mi) in length would be laid in Sundarijal to other places in the Kathmandu
Kathmandu
Valley. It will start pumping 170 million liters of water daily in 2011 or 2012.

EDUCATION

About 90% of townsfolk can read or write, though less than that number are fully literate. Members of the younger generation under 25 years of are more likely to be literate than those over 40 years old. Classes to teach this to older adults have existed in the past, though they are no longer due to low attendance.

There are four schools in Sundarijal, whose attendance is shown below:

# MALE FEMALE TOTAL

1 214 200 414

2 57 44 101

3 90 67 157

4 70 57 127

431 368 799

BIODIVERSITY

A view of Shivapuri National Park from Sundarijal
Sundarijal

Sundarijal's vegetation consists of mostly pine , oak , rhododendron , and other forest types. Wildlife recorded in the area include the Himalayan black bear , leopard , jungle cat , and rhesus monkey . The area around Sundarijal
Sundarijal
is the habitat of 177 species of birds, which includes at least nine threatened species, 102 species of butterflies with several endangered species, and 129 species of mushrooms.

REFERENCES

* ^ A B C D E F G H I J K L M Khadka, R.B. (2005). "Integrative Microdevelopment in Sundarijal?". Nepal
Nepal
Study Center. University of New Mexico . Retrieved 2008-10-06. * ^ "Picture of Sundarijal
Sundarijal
Military Detention Camp". Nepali Congress . Archived from the original on 2002-08-02. Retrieved 2008-10-07. * ^ http://cbs.gov.np/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/VDC_Municipality.pdf * ^ Phuyal, Surendra (2001-06-03). "Put on your hiking boots and.." Sunday Post. The Kathmandu
Kathmandu
Post . Archived from the original on December 24, 2005. Retrieved 2008-10-08. * ^ " Sundarijal
Sundarijal
Hiking". * ^ ""Exorbitant" land price obstructs Melamchi Project". The Rising Nepal. 2002-02-10. Archived from the original on October 7, 2006. Retrieved 2008-10-08. * ^ Sangraula, Bikash (2007-03-09). "ADB to trim Melamchi by US $ 114 m". eKantipur. Retrieved 2008-10-08.

* v * t * e

Kathmandu District

Headquarter: KATHMANDU

* Kathmandu
Kathmandu
* Budanilkantha * Chandragiri * Dakshinkali * Gokarneshwar * Kageshwari Manohara * Kirtipur * Nagarjun * Shankharapur
Shankharapur
*