Sundarijal is a village development committee (VDC) in Kathmandu
District in the
Bagmati Zone of central Nepal.
2 Geography and climate
2.1 Geographical situation
The VDC was named after the Hindu goddess, Sundarimai. There is a
temple dedicated to her in Sundarijal.
In 1960, leaders from the
Nepali Congress party
B.P. Koirala (then
prime minister), Ganesh Man Singh, Krishna Prasad Bhattarai, Diwan
Singh Rai, Ram Narayan Mishra, Yogendra Man Sherchan, and Jaman Singh
Gurung were taken to the
Sundarijal Military Detention Camp. They were
held there without trial for eight years due to their participation in
a 1960 coup.
Geography and climate
Bagmati River from Sundarijal
Sundarijal is located 15 kilometres (9 mi) northeast of Nepal's
capital, Kathmandu. It is west of Gagalphedi, east of
Baluwa, and north of Aalapot. The VDC touches Nuwakot and
Sindhulpalchok Districts to the north.
Sundarijal covers an area of 5.18 square kilometres
(2 sq mi). The
Bagmati River flows through the VDC, where it
is joined by the Shyalmati and Nagmati rivers. Largely hilly in its
terrain with few flat areas, the VDC is covered by forests. Shivapuri
National Park covers large amounts of Sundarijal.
The climate of
Sundarijal is temperate. The average temperature in
summer is 25.5˚C and 0˚C in winter.
At the time of the 2011
Sundarijal had a population of
2,552 living in 547 individual households. For the 2001 census
Sundarijal had a population of 2,586 in 444 individual households.
Sixty percent of the townsfolk are Buddhist and 40% are Hindu.
Below are the populations and households of Sundarijal's nine wards:
Rice farming at Sundarijal
Agriculture in the VDC is only present in the eighth ward. There
farmers only use traditional techniques without modern technology. In
the northern part of the ward, the predominant crops are millet and
maize, though barley and some vegetables are also cultivated. In the
southern area, wheat, barley, maize, potato, vegetables and millet are
Canyoning at Sundarijal
Tourism is a large industry in Sundarijal. It is a famous place for
Large numbers of tourists crowd the VDC every weekend, attracted to
the area's natural beauty, the waterfalls, and the rivers. Many come
Kathmandu Valley because of its closeness; it is only about
an hour's drive away. There are several picnic tables to meet the
needs of tourists.
Pollution in the
Sundarijal reservoir has increased due to the number
In addition, the VDC is a starting point for hikers along the Langtang
Range. Various trekking routes also lie in Sundarijal, among them the
famous Sundarijal-to-Chisapani trek, almost 22 km long.
The main cultural sites in
Sundarijal are the temples of Sundarimai
Mandir, Ganesh Mandir, and Krishna Mandir. In July, the Dashahara
festival is celebrated at bodies of water near the temples.
The National Scout Training Center here is also a tourist attraction.
A 640 kW hydropower plant near the bus park provides electricity
to Sundarijal. A mail post and police station are also located
There is a US$464 million drinking-water project in
will bring water from Melamchi, treat, and distribute it. A pipeline
58 kilometres (36 mi) in length will be laid in
other places in the
Kathmandu Valley. It will start pumping 170
million liters of water daily in 2011 or 2012.
About 90% of townsfolk can read or write, though less than that number
are fully literate. Those under the age of 25 years are more likely to
be literate than those over 40. Literacy classes for older adults were
taught in the past though, due to low attendance, they are no
There are four schools in Sundarijal, whose attendance is shown below:
A view of
Shivapuri National Park
Shivapuri National Park from Sundarijal
Sundarijal's vegetation consists of mostly pine, oak, rhododendron,
and other forest types. Wildlife recorded in the area include the
Himalayan black bear, leopard, jungle cat, and rhesus monkey. The area
Sundarijal is the habitat of 177 species of birds, which
includes at least nine threatened species, 102 species of butterflies
with several endangered species, and 129 species of mushrooms.
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Sundarijal Military Detention Camp". Nepali Congress.
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^ Phuyal, Surendra (2001-06-03). "Put on your hiking boots and..."
Sunday Post. The
Kathmandu Post. Archived from the original on
December 24, 2005. Retrieved 2008-10-08.
^ ""Exorbitant" land price obstructs
Melamchi Project". The Rising
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^ Sangraula, Bikash (2007-03-09). "ADB to trim
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