SULTAN HAMID II, born SYARIF ABDUL HAMID ALKADRIE (Arabic : شريف عبد الحميد القادري Šarīf ʿAbd al-Ḥamīd al-Qādrī; 12 July 1913 – 30 March 1978) was the eight Sultan of Pontianak and the only President of the State of West Kalimantan from 1946 to its disestablishment in 1950. He was the eldest son of Sultan Syarif Muhammad Alkadrie . He was of mixed Malay -Arab ancestry and was raised by two British nationals— Salome Catherine Fox and Edith Maud Curteis .
His wife was a young Dutch woman who bore him two children – both
reside in the
* 1 Childhood and education * 2 Japanese Occupation and the Indonesian Revolution * 3 The APRA Coup and Unitarianism * 4 Family * 5 Citations * 6 Bibliography
CHILDHOOD AND EDUCATION
Until the age of 12, Hamid was raised by Scottish foster-mother Salome Catherine Fox and fellow British expatriate Edith Maud Curteis . Salome Fox was the sister of the head of a British trading firm based in Singapore. Under their tutelage, Hamid became fluent in English. In 1933, Miss Fox died but he still remained in touch with her companion Curteis.
Syarif was educated at several Europeesche Lagere Scholen (nl; id)
(European Primary Schools) in
JAPANESE OCCUPATION AND THE INDONESIAN REVOLUTION
Following the Japanese occupation of Indonesia on 10 March 1942, he was interned by the Japanese for three years in a Javanese prison camp due to close ties with the Dutch. Hamid's resentment towards the Japanese occupiers was affected by the murders of 28 relatives and his mentor Miss Curteis. Hamid's father and two of his brothers along with many of the Malay elite of Kalimantan were executed by the Japanese in the Pontianak incidents . Following the Japanese surrender and defeat on 15 August 1945, Hamid was liberated by the returning Allied Powers that landed in Indonesia. He was subsequently promoted to the rank of colonel by the returning Dutch.
On 29 October 1945, he succeeded his father as the Sultan of
Pontianak, adopting the title Sultan Hamid II. During the Indonesian
National Revolution ,
Sultan Hamid II
Sultan Hamid II
THE APRA COUP AND UNITARIANISM
On 17 December 1949, Hamid II was appointed by
Hamid II would subsequently conspire with the former KNIL Captain
Raymond Westerling to organise an anti-Republican coup in
On 26 January 1950, elements of Westerling's forces infiltrated
Evidence from arrested co-conspirators led to the incarceration of
Hamid II on 5 April. By 19 April, Hamid II had confessed to his
involvement in the botched
Hamid's role in the coup led to increased agitation in West
Kalimantan for its integration into the Republic of Indonesia.
Following a fact-finding mission by the Government Commission, the
RUSI House of Representatives voted by fifty votes to one to merge
West Kalimantan into the Republic of Indonesia. Following clashes
with demobilised KNIL troops in
Sultan Hamid II's Dutch wife was styled as Sultana Maharatu Mas Makhota and they had two children, a son and a daughter. Their surviving son is styled as Pangeran (Prince) Syarif Max Yusuf Alkadrie, who currently lives in the Netherlands. Sultana Maharatu died on 19 June 2010.
* ^ A B C D Kahin (1952), p. 454-56 * ^ A B C D McDonald (1952), p. 150 * ^ A B Kahin (1952), p. 430-31 * ^ A B Kahin (1952), p. 448-49 * ^ A B Kahin (1952), p. 456
* Kahin, George McTurnan (1952). Nationalism and Revolution in Indonesia. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press. ISBN 0-8014-9108-8 . * McDonald, Lachie (1998). Bylines: Memoirs of a War Correspondent. East Roseville, N.S.W: Kangaroo Press. ISBN 978-0-86417-955-5 .
Links: ------ /WIKI/SYARIF