SULAYMAN BIN ABD AL-MALIK (Arabic : سليمان بن عبد
الملك) (c. 674 – 22 September 717) was an
* 1 Early years * 2 Assumption of power as caliph and his appointments * 3 Policies as caliph * 4 Naming of his successor * 5 Death * 6 References * 7 Sources
Under the rule of his brother al-Walid he had been the governor of
Palestine . In the tribal politics of the
ASSUMPTION OF POWER AS CALIPH AND HIS APPOINTMENTS
Sulayman was hailed as caliph on February 23, 715, the day al-Walid died. He appointed Yazid ibn al-Muhallab governor of Mesopotamia (Iraq) and Salih ibn Abd al-Rahman financial administrator there. Salih was also instructed to arrest and execute the family of al-Hajjaj, one of two prominent leaders (the other was Qutaibah bin Muslim ) who had supported the succession of al-Walid's son Yazid, rather than Sulayman. Al-Hajjaj had predeceased al-Walid, so he was no longer alive to pose a threat.
Qutaibah was considerably alarmed at the ascension of Sulayman to the throne. He first sent an envoy to the caliph with letters asserting his loyalty as he was loyal to previous caliphs, urging Sulayman not to replace Qutaibah as governor of Khurasan with Yazid ibn al-Muhallab and, finally, if the envoy saw Sulayman favouring Yazid, with Qutaibah's renunciation of allegiance to Sulayman. Sulayman sent the envoy back with a confirmation of Qutaibah's governorship. However, Qutaibah had already attempted to rebel. Qutaibah's troops rejected his appeal to revolt, killed him and sent his head to Sulayman.
Sulayman appointed Yazid ibn al-Muhallab governor of Khurasan. Yazid was happy to escape the financial strictness of Salih ibn Abd al-Rahman in Mesopotamia (Iraq).
POLICIES AS CALIPH
As he remained close to the Yamanis, Sulayman did not move to
In the domestic scene, he had wells built in
NAMING OF HIS SUCCESSOR
In A.H. 98 (716–717) Sulayman named his son Ayyub heir to the
throne. However, Ayyub died that same year. Sulayman considered naming
a son to replace him. However, he received advice that it was
uncertain the son fighting at
Sulayman donned an impressive green robe and turban and seeing himself in the mirror commented on how he looked to be in the prime of life. A week later he was dead. He died on either September 22 or October 1, 717. Al-Tabari records the following anecdote: "According to 'Ali--Suhaym b. Hafs: A slave girl belonging to Sulayman looked at him one day, and he asked, "How do you like what you see?" She recited:
You are the best object of delight—if only you would last./ But man does not possess immortality.
I do not know of any blemish in you / that other people have, except that you will pass away.
He was entombed at Dabiq following his death. The tomb was destroyed after the ISIS\' takeover of the town in August 2014.
* ^ Dr. Eli Munif Shahla, "Al-Ayam al-Akhira fi Hayat al-Kulafa",
Dar al-Kitab al-Arabi, 1st ed., 1998, p. 236
* ^ Crone 1980 , p. 125.
* ^ re Qutaibah, al-Tabari v. 24 pp 5–25, head 30
* ^ al-Tabari v. 24, p. 42
* ^ Daniel Kendie, The Five Dimensions of the Eritrean Conflict
1941–2004: Deciphering the Geo-Political Puzzle. United States of
America: Signature Book Printing, Inc., 2005, pp.228.
* ^ al-Tabari v. 24, p. 62
* ^ Atyya, Bassam. Political Thought of Ibn Taymiya (in Arabic)
(1st ed.). Amman: Yaqut. p. 169. , page 169
* Crone, Patricia (1980). Slaves on horses: the evolution of the
Sulayman ibn Abd al-Malik
SUNNI ISLAM TITLES
* v * t * e
* Family tree * Media
Emirs of Córdoba (756–929)
Caliphs of Córdoba (929–1031)