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(i) (i) (i) (i) (i)

West Java -------------------------

HISTORIC RESIDENCY Priangan
Priangan
Residency Buitenzorg Residency

SETTLED 1709

CONSOLIDATED April 1, 1914 (as Gemeente Soekaboemi)

GOVERNMENT

• BODY Sukabumi
Sukabumi
City Government

• MAYOR Mohamad Muraz

• VICE MAYOR Achmad Fahmi

AREA

• TOTAL 48.42 km2 (18.70 sq mi)

• WATER 4.815 km2 (1.859 sq mi)

ELEVATION 584 m (1,916 ft)

POPULATION (2015)

• TOTAL 318,117

• RANK 37th, Indonesia
Indonesia

• DENSITY 6,600/km2 (17,000/sq mi)

DEMONYM(S) Sukabumian Warga Sukabumi
Sukabumi
(id ) Urang Sukabumi
Sukabumi
(su )

TIME ZONE Indonesia
Indonesia
Western Time ( UTC+7
UTC+7
)

POSTCODES 431xx

AREA CODE (+62)266

REGISTRATION PLATE F

HDI 0.718 (High)

LARGEST DISTRICT BY AREA Lembursitu – 10.73 square kilometres (4.14 sq mi)

LARGEST DISTRICT BY POPULATION Cikole (57,640 – 2016 est)

WEBSITE www.sukabumikota.go.id

SUKABUMI (Sundanese : ᮞᮥᮊᮘᮥᮙᮤ) is a city surrounded by the regency of the same name in the southern foothills of Mount Gede , in West Java , Indonesia
Indonesia
, about 100 km (62 mi) south of the national capital, Jakarta
Jakarta

At an altitude of approximately 584 m (1,916 ft), the city is a minor hill station resort, with a cooler climate than the surrounding lowlands. Area around Sukabumi
Sukabumi
is also a destination for whitewater rafting . Tea
Tea
and Rubber
Rubber
production is a major industry in the area. The suburban area surrounding Sukabumi
Sukabumi
circling the mountain has grown tremendously in population, such that northern Sukabumi Regency
Sukabumi Regency
, hugging the volcano, and bordering Greater Jakarta
Jakarta
, is home to the bulk of the regency 's population. The area of the city is 48.42 km2, and the population at the 2010 Census was 300,359; the latest official estimate (as for December 2015) was 318,117. However, some 1.8 million people, as of the 2010 census figures, live in the surrounding metropolitan area. The bulk of the metro area population is unusual in that it forms a narrow southwest ring around Mount Gede. The eastern portion of the ringed population belt continues on to Cianjur Regency .

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Early history

* 1.2 Colonial Sukabumi
Sukabumi

* 1.2.1 Sukabumi
Sukabumi
Coffee Plantations * 1.2.2 Tjikole becomes Soekaboemi

* 1.3 Present day

* 2 Government and politics

* 2.1 Administrative divisions

* 3 Transportation * 4 References * 5 External links

HISTORY

EARLY HISTORY

The area around Sukabumi
Sukabumi
was already inhabited at least in the 11th century. The first written record found in this area was the Sanghyang Tapak Stone in Cibadak, 20 km west of the city. Written in Kawi script , the stone tells about the prohibition of fishing activity in the nearby river by the authorities of the Sunda Kingdom
Sunda Kingdom
.

At the end of the 16th century, the area was captured by the Banten Sultanate , after the fall of the Sunda Kingdom
Sunda Kingdom
. The area however became contested in the 1620s between Banten, the Mataram Sultanate in the east and the Batavia -based Dutch East India Company . After a series of military clashes between them, the area was included in a buffer zone territory between Banten and Mataram, although the area is considered de jure as a part of Mataram.

In 1677, after the Dutch forced Mataram to sign a series of unequal treaties as a consequence of Dutch assistance for quelling the Trunajaya rebellion , Sukabumi
Sukabumi
came under direct control of Tjiandjoer . By that time, there were only few rural Sundanese settlements existed, one of the largest was Tjikole.

COLONIAL SUKABUMI

Sukabumi
Sukabumi
Coffee Plantations

The area around the present-day Sukabumi
Sukabumi
(or Soekaboemi in Van Ophuijsen Spelling System ) began to develop in the 18th century when the Dutch East India Company started to open coffee plantation areas in the western Priangan
Priangan
region of Java
Java
. Due to the high demands of coffee in Europe, in the year of 1709 the Dutch governor-general Abraham van Riebeeck started to open coffee plantations around the area of Tjibalagoeng (present-day Bogor ), Tjiandjoer , Djogdjogan, Pondok Kopo, and Goenoeng Goeroeh. Coffee plantations in these five areas had then undergone expansion and intensification during the era of Hendrick Zwaardecroon (1718-1725), where the Tjiandjoer regent at that time Wira Tanoe III acquired territorial expansion of his regency as a compensation for more coffee plantations openings.

The growth of Goenoeng Goeroeh coffee plantation led to the establishment of small settlements around its area, one of those was the Tjikole (Cikole) hamlet, named after the nearby Tjikole River. In 1776, regent of Tjiandjoer Wira Tanoe Datar VI established the Tjikole Viceregency which were the indirect predecessor of the present-day Sukabumi
Sukabumi
Regency. The viceregency consisted of six districts of Djampang Koelon, Djampang Tengah, Goenoeng Parang, Tjiheoelang, Tjimahi, and Tjitjoeroeg. The administrative center was located in Tjikole, due to its very strategic locations for communications between Batavia and Tjiandjoer which were the capital of the Priangan Residency at that time.

Tjikole Becomes Soekaboemi

Andries de Wilde proposed the renaming of Tjikole to Soekaboemi to the Raffles administration

After the Dutch East Indies were under the rule of the British in 1811, vast lands in the Tjikole area were bought by Stamford Raffles , the Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies at that time, via an auction held in Batavia. The name Soekaboemi was first used on 1815, when a Priangan-based plantation owner (known then as Preanger Planter) and surgeon named Andries de Wilde visited Tjikole in 1814. From his consultations with local people, De Wilde wrote a letter to Nicolaus Engelhard , his friend and plantation investor, where De Wilde asked Engelhard to propose a name change of the viceregency from Tjikole to Soekaboemi, to which Raffles agreed.

In Dutch colonial times, Sukabumi
Sukabumi
was the site of Politieschool, the colonial police academy.

During the Japanese occupation of Indonesia
Indonesia
during the Second World War , the Japanese had created a strategic garrison in Ujung Genteng , part of the South Sukabumi Regency
Sukabumi Regency
. Remains of the harbor and lookout towers at the end of this peninsula are still in place, along with the caves that the Japanese lived and died in towards the end of the war. Ujung Genteng is directly North of Christmas Island and Australia
Australia
and would have made an excellent point of defense or attack, without official records to substantiate this, it is presumed that they had their sights on Christmas Island and a close link to Australia.

PRESENT DAY

In early 2005, Sukabumi Regency
Sukabumi Regency
became the first place in Indonesia that polio was reported in ten years, the beginning of a nationwide outbreak of the disease which had been believed to be eradicated in the country.

GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS

Sukabumi
Sukabumi
city is located in the western Parahyangan
Parahyangan
region, surrounded by Sukabumi Regency
Sukabumi Regency
in West Java province

ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS

The city of Sukabumi
Sukabumi
is divided into seven districts (kecamatan), listed below with their populations at the 2015 estimate:

* Baros (31,737) * Cibeureum (40,681) * Cikole (57,640) * Citamiang (49,351) * Lembursitu (36,384) * Warudoyong (55,180) * Gunung Puyuh (47,144)

TRANSPORTATION

After almost one year of hiatus, the railway transport between Sukabumi
Sukabumi
and Bogor of 57 kilometres was reactivated, with the new train called 'Pangrango' on November 9, 2013. The train has one executive-class car and three economy-class cars.

REFERENCES

* ^ Wawali, Pertahankan Julukan Kota Santri www.radarsukabumi.com * ^ A B Kota Sukabumi
Sukabumi
Dalam Angka 2016 * ^ Marwati Djoened Poesponegoro , Nugroho Notosusanto
Nugroho Notosusanto
(1992). "Kerajaan Sunda". Sejarah nasional Indonesia: Jaman kuna. PT Balai Pustaka. p. 376. ISBN 978-979-407-408-4 . * ^ G. G. Bandilenko, E.I. Gnevusheva, D.V. Deopik, V.A. Tsyganov (1992). History of Indonesia. pp. 175–179. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link ) * ^ Suryaningrat, Bayu (1982). Sajarah Cianjur Sareng Raden Aria Wira Tanu Dalem Cikundul Cianjur. Rukun Warga Cianjur-Jakarta, Jakarta. * ^ G. G. Bandilenko, E.I. Gnevusheva, D.V. Deopik, V.A. Tsyganov (1992). History of Indonesia. pp. 201–202. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link ) * ^ Jaya, Ruyatna (2003). Sejarah Sukabumi. Sukabumi
Sukabumi
City Government. p. 8. * ^ Beekman, E. M. (1988). Fugitive Dreams: An Anthology of Dutch Colonial Literature. University of Massachusetts Press. p. 90. ISBN 0870235753 . * ^ Brommer, Bea (2015). To My Dear Pieternelletje:Grandfather and Granddaughter in VOC Time, 1710-1720. Leiden: Brill. p. 19. ISBN 9789004293328 . * ^ Danasasmita, Saleh (1983). Sejarah Bogor, Volume 1. Bogor: Pemerintah Daerah Kotamadya DT II Bogor. p. 85. * ^ Klaveren, N. A. (1983). The Dutch Colonial System in the East Indies. Springer. p. 60. ISBN 9789401768481 . * ^ Kumar, Ann (1997). Java
Java
and Modern Europe: Ambiguous Encounters. Routledge. p. 292. ISBN 1138863149 . * ^ Coolsma, S. (2010). De zending