Sufism Reoriented is an American school of spiritual training,
headquartered in Walnut Creek, California, established by Meher Baba
in 1952. In November of that year he signed The Chartered Guidance
Meher Baba for the Reorientation of Sufism. He appointed Ivy O.
Duce as the first Murshida, or spiritual guide, of
Meher Baba designed
Sufism Reoriented as a universal spiritual school
which recognizes a central core of divine love at the heart of all
Meher Baba reorganized patterns of life and inner
training associated with ancient
Sufism and adapted them to the needs
of spiritual students in contemporary America. He identified the
central principles of
Sufism Reoriented as love and service: active
love for God and active service to others in God’s world.
Sufism was originally brought to the West by Hazrat Inayat Khan
(1882–1927) in 1910. He appointed Rabia Martin as his successor and
Murshida of his Sufi Order. In the 1940s, Rabia Martin recognized
Meher Baba as the reigning spiritual authority of the age and
surrendered herself and her spiritual order to him. She appointed Ivy
Oneita Duce as her successor as Murshida of the Sufi Order. In 1948
Murshida Duce was called to India by
Meher Baba who confirmed her role
as Murshida and announced that he intended to reorient
his guidance and her leadership in the near future. This was realized
in 1952 with the creation of
The members of
Sufism Reoriented celebrate
Meher Baba as the Avatar,
the human incarnation of God and the spiritual authority of this
age. This represents a substantial departure from
Sufism in either
its traditional Islamic form, or in the form taught by Hazrat Inayat
Meher Baba asserted that
Sufism pre-dates the Islamic prophet
Muhammad, having begun with the prophet
Zoroaster of Persia.
Those drawn to
Sufism Reoriented also recognize a natural affinity
with the school’s spiritual teacher, who occupies the office of
Murshid. The term
Murshid or Murshida means Guide. It is used in
Sufism to refer to the spiritual figure who directs a Sufi
school. Meher Baba, who described himself as the
Murshid of Murshids,
first received Murshida Rabia Martin as His follower, and agreed to
guide her and her Sufi group. However, Murshida Martin died before
Meher Baba physically. Before passing, Murshida Martin made
Ivy Oneita Duce (1895–1981) her successor (the next Murshida) of the
Sufi Order. In 1952
Meher Baba appointed her the first Murshida of
Meher Baba confirmed this in India upon meeting
Murshida Duce there. Before her death, Murshida Duce named Dr. James
S. B. MacKie (1932–2001) as her successor. He, in turn, designated
Carol Weyland Conner, the current Murshida, as his successor.
Meher Baba Publications and Media
Sufism Reoriented is the copyright holder and publisher of several
books by and about
Meher Baba including Meher Baba's most important
published book, God Speaks: the Theme of Creation and Its Purpose. It
also owns and publishes Beams from
Meher Baba on the Spiritual
Panorama, Life At Its Best, Glimpses of the God-Man Meher Baba. Volume
I, and How a Master Works by Ivy Oneita Duce. In addition Sufism
Reoriented owns and preserves numerous films and photographs of Baba.
These include color 16mm films taken of Baba during his trip to the
United States in 1956 by Charmian Duce Knowles, daughter of Murshida
Ivy Oneita Duce.
After decades of operating out of temporary facilities, Sufism
Reoriented began construction of a new, permanent sanctuary on May 24,
2012. The new sanctuary, designed by the architectural firm of Philip
Johnson Alan Ritchie, was formally inaugurated on February 26,
2017. The sanctuary is located on three acres of land in the
Saranap neighborhood of Walnut Creek, about twenty-five miles east of
San Francisco. Carol Weyland Conner, the current Murshida of
Sufism Reoriented, has characterized the sanctuary as follows:
“In all spiritual traditions, the design of a sanctuary strives to
be an outward expression, in material form, of the still, sacred space
at the center of the human heart where man is joined with and can know
God. It therefore aspires, first, to be the most beautiful form its
creators can envision....My primary aim was to create a beautiful
building that is an expression of our worship. The sanctuary’s
curvilinear design is based on the form of the circle. Like God, the
circle has no beginning and no end. This expresses eternity, the
eternal life in God the Infinite. The circle is also recognized as a
symbol of unity since all points on the circle are equidistant from
the center, as all beings are in relation to God. This symbol embodies
the essential unity of Creation and the Universal Love at the heart of
Succession of Murshids
Founder of the Sufi Order in the West
Inayat Khan's designated spiritual successor
Ivy Oneita Duce
Successor to Rabia Martin and first Murshida of the new Sufism
Reoriented under Meher Baba's directive
Dr. James S.B. MacKie
Dr. Carol Weyland Conner
Current Murshida of
^ a b Kalchuri, Bhau: "Meher Prabhu: Lord Meher, The Biography of the
Avatar of the Age, Meher Baba", Manifestation, Inc. 1986. p. 1196
^ "Beloved Archives, Inc". 5 July 2008. Archived from the original on
5 July 2008. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
^ a b "Beloved Archives, Inc". 5 July 2008. Archived from the original
on 5 July 2008. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown
^ Kalchuri, Bhau: "Meher Prabhu: Lord Meher, The Biography of the
Avatar of the Age, Meher Baba", Manifestation, Inc. 1986. p. 3069
^ "The House Of Worship The Cheesecake Factory Built". The FADER.
Meher Baba Perpetual Public Charitable Trust AMBPPCT PDF file
Archived 2007-03-17 at the Wayback Machine.
^ Meher Legacy (11 September 2017). "Buz Connor Speaking at the Sufi
Sanctuary Opening" – via YouTube.
^ "See the spectacular Sufi temple built with Cheesecake Factory
^ "Contra Costa:
Sufism center to open soon; 'Village' still pending".
6 May 2016.
^ 1OveraaConstruction (17 March 2016). "
Sufism Reoriented Sanctuary,
Walnut Creek, CA" – via YouTube.
^ "The House Of Worship The Cheesecake Factory Built".
Sufism Reoriented". www.sufismreoriented.org.
^ "Murshida Rabia Ada Martin - meherbabatravels jimdo page!".
^ Harkins, David E. "
Meher Baba / JaiBaba.com - Who Brought the
^ "Heroines of the Path, Part 7C".
Official Website of
Letter from Murshida Rabia Martin to
Meher Baba dated August 24th,
Who brought the
Inayat Khan Sufi Group to Meher Baba
Sufism Reoriented - Fifty Years Later
Article about Murshida Carol Weyland Conner
Interview with Murshida Conner
New Sufi Sanctuary opens in Saranap area
History of the Sanctuary
God Speaks (1955)
God in a Pill?
God in a Pill? (1966)
Terms and concepts
Prayer of Repentance
Beloved God Prayer
Seven Names of God Prayer
101 Names of God
Meher Baba's missing book
Meher Spiritual Center
Shireen Irani (mother)
Sheriar Irani (father)
Mani Irani (sister)
Sai Baba of Shirdi
Hazrat Tajuddin Baba
Meher Baba Trust
"Don't Worry, Be Happy"
Beyond Words (1997 documentary)
Nema aviona za Zagreb
Nema aviona za Zagreb (2012 film)
Happy Birthday (1970 album)
I Am (1972 album)
With Love (1976 album)
O Parvardigar (1976 film)