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The Subaru
Subaru
Legacy is a mid-size car built by Japanese automobile manufacturer Subaru
Subaru
since 1989. The maker's flagship car, it is unique in its class for offering all wheel drive as a standard feature, and Subaru's traditional boxer engine. The Legacy bears the name Liberty in Australia out of deference to Legacy Australia, an organisation dedicated to caring for the families of military service veterans. In 1996, a variant of the Legacy with heightened suspension called the Legacy Outback was introduced to compete in the burgeoning sport-utility vehicle class and proved to be a sales success for Subaru. The Outback line was split into its own model in 2000, known as the Subaru
Subaru
Outback. As of 2008, 3.6 million Legacies have been built since its 1989 introduction.[1]

Contents

1 First generation (1989–1993) – BC, BJ, BF 2 Second generation (1993–1999) – BD, BG, BK 3 Third generation (1998–2004) – BE, BH, BT 4 Fourth generation (2003–2009) – BL, BP 5 Fifth generation (2009–2014) – BM, BR 6 Sixth generation (2014–present) – BN, BS

6.1 Engines and drivetrain 6.2 EyeSight & Driver's Assistance Technology

7 Accomplishments and motorsports

7.1 Awards 7.2 Performance enhancements 7.3 Racing

7.3.1 Rallying 7.3.2 Super GT 7.3.3 Speed records

8 World market release schedule

8.1 North American market release schedule

9 Sales

9.1 Year by year

10 References 11 External links

First generation (1989–1993) – BC, BJ, BF[edit] Main article: Subaru
Subaru
Legacy (first generation)

Pre-facelift Subaru
Subaru
Legacy sedan (US)

Facelift Subaru
Subaru
Liberty LX wagon (Australia)

Pre-facelift Subaru
Subaru
Liberty LX sedan (Australia)

Facelift Subaru
Subaru
Liberty LX wagon (Australia)

The Legacy was introduced in 1989 to provide Subaru
Subaru
a vehicle to compete in the lucrative North American mid-size market against the Honda Accord, Toyota Camry, Mazda6, and Nissan Altima.[citation needed] It was an all-new model, and positioned above the Leone, XT, Justy, and kei cars Rex and Sambar in Subaru's model range at the time. The Legacy also introduced an entirely new flat-4 engine series, called the EJ engine, which was quieter and more powerful than the previous EA engine. The Legacy began with a 5-door wagon or 4-door sedan body styles with FWD and an optional full-time AWD package, and was introduced in North America, the UK, Germany, the Benelux
Benelux
region of Northern Europe, Japan and Australia. Options included 4-channel ABS, licensed from Bosch and air suspension height control, which lowered the vehicle at speeds above 50 mph (80.5 km/h), and also allowed the driver to increase the vehicle's ground clearance for off-road conditions. It was formally released January 23, 1989 in Japan, with an introductory price of ¥2,550,000 for the turbocharged RS (approx. USD $18,800 at 1989 yen exchange rate).[2] The first Legacy was available at Japanese dealerships on February 1, 1989, with worldwide distribution starting in 1990. The USA-spec included the passive restraints (motorized seat belts) through the 1994 model year with exception to the right hand drive Postal model which was only available with conventional seat belts. Driver's side airbags were an option midway through the 1992 model year and became standard in 1993. Passenger airbags weren't available until the 2nd generation arrived in 1995. The USA models included the Legacy Sport Sedan, from 1991-1994 and Legacy Touring Wagon from 1992-1994. Both were turbocharged with the EJ22T closed-deck block engine. Unique to the USA market, it was SOHC, with different pistons, oil squirters, oil cooler on the '91 model year, and other enhancements. Although it had the same displacement as the non-turbo/naturally aspirated (NA) EJ22E engine used throughout all other Legacy models, it was not simply a turbocharged version of the EJ22E. (As a side-note, the 1994 Legacy GT trim used the non-turbo EJ22E.) The sedan was available with strengthened 4EAT Automatic transmission or a stronger 5-speed manual transmission. The wagon came equipped with only the 4EAT. These were the last turbocharged Subaru
Subaru
models sold in the USA until the 2002 WRX debuted. These model codes are designated in the VIN of each vehicle, such as "JF1BF3BL0E-": Legacy Codes

BC=89–94 Sedan BF=89–94 Wagon (raised roof) BJ=89–94 Wagon

Second generation (1993–1999) – BD, BG, BK[edit] Main article: Subaru
Subaru
Legacy (second generation)

Subaru
Subaru
Legacy 2.5GT Limited (USA)

Second generation sales in Japan began October 7, 1993, and an introductory price of ¥2,753,000 for the twin turbo GT (approx USD $25,250 at 1993 yen exchange rate),[2] with an introduction for model year 1995 in North America with a full body and chassis revision. The exterior was designed by Olivier Boulay, who was hired by Subaru
Subaru
on a short-term basis. The tail light appearance on both the sedan and wagon was influenced by the taillights on the SVX. In 1996, Subaru decided to make AWD standard equipment in all vehicles produced for the North American market, which would be the case until 2012. Subaru still offered a choice between FWD and AWD for its domestic market vehicles for this generation. The increased ground clearance Outback was introduced with this generation in 1995 with AWD only internationally, and the air suspension with height control was no longer offered. USA-spec GT models, first offered in 1990 as a turbocharged sedan or wagon in Japan, and as a trim package for the USA version in 1994, became a top level model upgrade in 1996, using the new EJ25D DOHC 2.5 L naturally aspirated engine. "Limited" trim level editions were introduced, offering heated leather, or cloth, seats and trim and a tinted, glass moonroof. The term "Limited" appeared on the "GT", known as the "GT Limited" in 1998. The term "Limited" was used by itself on the Outback in 1998. Driver and front passenger airbags were added with the redesigned interior as standard equipment in accordance with USA Federal Government regulations. 1999 marked the 30th anniversary of Subaru
Subaru
in America, and the last of the second generation in North America. There was a special 30th Anniversary Edition offered in the USA with upgraded interior and sunroof, spoiler, alloy wheels on the "L" trim level cars. The USA-spec "Brighton" trim level also carried over from the facelifted first generation version that was priced below the "L" trim option. In Japan, the GT/B-Spec was introduced in 1994 with lowered and stiffened suspension and a higher performance rear differential. The next generation of the GT-B was introduced June 1996, with the front and rear struts supplied by Bilstein,[3] with the upgrade also available on the RS. The "B" designation stood for Bilstein. Turbocharged versions continued to be available in markets that used right-hand-drive configurations. Specialty touring and racing versions were available in Japan, as well as the DOHC
DOHC
2-liter twin sequential turbocharged EJ20H version on both the Legacy GT sedan and wagon with an automatic transmission and the RS sedan and GT-B wagon with the EJ20R and a manual transmission and a slightly higher horsepower rating, both identified as "Boxer 2-stage Twin Turbo" on the engine cover shroud.

Subaru
Subaru
Legacy Touring Wagon GTB Limited (Japan). 

Subaru
Subaru
Liberty LX station wagon (Australia) with clear rear turn signal lenses and amber bulbs. 

Subaru
Subaru
Legacy Brighton wagon (USA) with amber rear turn signal lenses. 

Subaru
Subaru
Liberty RX Bilstein Edition Sedan (Australia) with clear rear turn signal lenses and amber bulbs, Bilstein badge. 

For the Australian market, the Subaru
Subaru
Liberty was offered in LX, GX, RX, and Heritage model grades. In 1998 the special edition "Bilstein Edition RX" was offered. It could be identified by a Bilstein badge on the right rear boot lid and a lower stance due to front and rear Bilstein struts. It also featured Leather seats and door inserts along with MOMO sports leather steering wheel and 16in BBS alloys as standard equipment. With the introduction of the Legacy second generation in Israel, the Legacy name was replaced by the B4 brand. These model codes are designated in the Applied Model code of each vehicle, such as "BD'9A4D": Legacy Codes

BD=Sedan; North America 1995–1999, Japan 1993–1997 BG=Step-roof Wagon (Raised Roof); North America 1995–1999, Japan 1993–1997 BK=Standard-roof Wagon (Used only in North America); North America 1995–1999

Third generation (1998–2004) – BE, BH, BT[edit] Main article: Subaru
Subaru
Legacy (third generation)

Subaru
Subaru
Liberty GX wagon (Australia)

Subaru
Subaru
launched the third generation Japanese and world-market Legacy in June 1998, while the North American model started production in late 1999 as a 2000 model, also known as the BE for sedan models and BH for wagons. European-market and Japanese models ranged from a normally aspirated 2.0 L flat-4 to the EZ30
EZ30
flat-6 in the 3.0R model (European and Japanese trim level designation), with the twin turbo that was offered in the previous generation still offered on performance models. In the US market the third generation Legacy went on sale with the 2.5 L EJ251 Engine standard. In 2001 the EZ30, a newly designed 3.0 L H6 was offered in the Outbacks. The engine now met California's LEV emission standard. Flat roof wagons were no longer manufactured worldwide, and instead the raised roof is used for both the Legacy wagon and Legacy Outback. Daytime running lamps were introduced on US models starting with the 2000 Model Year. Cabin air filters were available starting with 2001 models installed underneath and behind the glove compartment door. Japanese-spec vehicles with the twin turbo had a choice of manual or semi-automatic transmission called SportShift, that allowed the driver to push the automatic gearshift selector to the left, and then allow the driver to shift the automatic like a manual transmission. US models ended in 2004 instead of 2003.

Subaru
Subaru
Legacy Limited Sedan (USA). 

1998–2004 Subaru
Subaru
Legacy 2.0 GT-B E-Tune II Touring Wagon (Japan) with clear rear turn signal lenses and amber bulbs. 

Subaru
Subaru
Legacy L Wagon (USA) with amber colored rear turn signal lenses. 

Subaru
Subaru
Liberty RX Sedan (Australia). 

Fourth generation (2003–2009) – BL, BP[edit] Main article: Subaru
Subaru
Legacy (fourth generation)

2003–2006 Subaru
Subaru
Liberty sedan (Australia)

2006-2009 Subaru
Subaru
Liberty 2.5i sedan (Australia)

2003-2006 Subaru
Subaru
Legacy sedan (Chile)

2006-2009 Subaru
Subaru
Liberty 2.5i sedan (Australia)

On May 23, 2003, Fuji Heavy Industries
Fuji Heavy Industries
debuted the redesigned Legacy, known as the BL for sedan models and BP for wagons. It was released worldwide in 2004, with Subaru
Subaru
Indiana Automotive commencing production in February 2004 for the North American markets for 2005 model year. The Legacy was presented the 2003–2004 Japan Car of the Year, Subaru's first win for the award after fighting off stiff competition from Toyota Prius and Mazda RX-8. When sales began in the USA market, the Lafayette Factory built Legacy won 2005 International Car of the Year for Most Dependable/Sedan from Road & Travel Magazine, 2005 Automobile All-Stars for All-Star Family Car from Automobile Magazine and The 2006 International Engine of the Year Award in the 2.0-litre to 2.5-litre category for EJ255 engine. Lance Armstrong was used as a spokesman for both the sedan and wagon, and Sheryl Crow
Sheryl Crow
sang her 1996 hit "Everyday Is a Winding Road" in US market commercials. The chassis was redesigned and made stiffer, and it marked the return of a turbocharged engine to North American Legacy, featuring a 2.5-liter unit derived from that of the North American Impreza
Impreza
WRX STI. Due to advancements in turbocharger technology and tightening emission standards, the twin-turbo setup was dropped from the lineup. Turbocharged models and the H6 offered Subaru's first 5-speed automatic transmission, featuring SportShift technology licensed from Prodrive, Ltd. The 2005 model year Legacy for the US market was offered in 2.5i, 2.5i Limited, 2.5GT, and 2.5GT Limited. All trim levels were available as Sedan and Wagon. For 2006, the regular GT was dropped, and the 2.5i Special
Special
Edition was added into the line up. On May 10, 2008, the Japanese-spec Legacy can be fitted with a new collision avoidance feature, called EyeSight. It consists of twin CCD cameras, one on each side of the rear view mirror, that use human-like stereoscopic vision to judge distances and generally keep tabs on the driver. The system can help maintain a safe distance on the highway, a lane departure warning system, a driver alert warning for various safety situations, and even keeps an eye out for pedestrians.[4][5] SI-Cruise has been integrated into the EyeSight feature as a driver safety aid. The Subaru
Subaru
EE flat-4 diesel engine, the world's first to be fitted to a passenger car, is offered in both the Legacy and Outback sedans and wagons, identified as the Subaru
Subaru
Legacy 2.0D. The vehicle was released in the European Union starting March 2008, and is offered with a 5-speed manual transmission only. The official introduction of the Legacy and Outback diesel was at the Geneva AutoShow in March 2008.[6][7][8] Fifth generation (2009–2014) – BM, BR[edit] Main article: Subaru
Subaru
Legacy (fifth generation) In 2009, a Subaru
Subaru
Legacy concept was designed to commemorate 20th anniversary of the model,[9] reported to be the basis of the production version of the then upcoming fifth generation Subaru Legacy. The concept vehicle was unveiled at the 2009 Detroit Auto Show.[10]

2014 Subaru
Subaru
Legacy 3.6R Limited with EyeSight technology cameras next to rear view mirror (USA)

Production of the fifth generation 2010 Subaru
Subaru
Legacy began the last week of May 2009 at the Indiana location,[11] and was unveiled at the 2009 New York Auto Show.[12] According to the Subaru
Subaru
website in Japan, the Legacy was introduced in Japan on May 20, 2009.[13] The Legacy B4 2.5GT tS tuned by STi was introduced to Japan June 12, 2010. On May 2010, the "EyeSight" collision avoidance feature introduced on the previous generation Legacy was re-introduced on the Japan-spec Touring Wagon and Outback, and was awarded the "Best Technology" award from the Japan Automotive Hall of Fame at the Japan Museum of Nature and Science. For the 2014 model year, the EyeSight driver safety aid has been installed optionally on all international Legacy and Outback vehicles.

2010 Subaru
Subaru
Legacy wagon (Japan)

The new for this generation Lineartronic
Lineartronic
continuously variable transmission is used internationally on the EJ25 2.5 L flat-4 engine and the EJ20 in some markets, with a 6-speed manual transmission also offered only in North America and Australia. The 2.5GT uses a turbocharger with a 6-speed manual transmission used exclusively in Japan and North America with Australia being able to choose between the 6-speed manual or 5-speed automatic transmission; vehicles identified as "3.6R" use the EZ36 flat-6 engine with a 5-speed SportShift conventional automatic transmission.[14] The Lineartronic CVT transmission is also shared with the JDM-spec Subaru
Subaru
Exiga on AWD models. The North American PZEV Legacy 2.5i continues to be available in all 50 states, unlike other manufacturers who only sell PZEV certified vehicles in states that have adopted California emission standards.

2010 Subaru
Subaru
Legacy 2.5i Sedan (US)

Internationally, the EZ36 flat-6 engine is used in the Outback only, but is also available in the Legacy sedan in both North America and Australia. The Japan-spec vehicle has discontinued using the EJ25 engine which increases vehicle tax liability for Japanese buyers, offering the EJ20 in both turbo and non-turbo versions. "SI-Drive" is standard equipment on all Japanese-spec vehicles, and both the Australian 2.5GT and the 3.6R sedan, but not in North America. SI-Drive is standard on the international Outback with the EZ36 except North America. The Legacy wagon is only available as an Outback in North America, whereas both a Legacy and Outback wagon are available in Japan, the UK, Australia, and Europe. In the UK, only the wagon is offered, with engine choices limited to the Subaru
Subaru
EE20 turbodiesel or the EJ25. The EZ36 engine was available in the UK in 2010 MY Outbacks only. In Europe and certain Asian countries, the EJ20 is still offered in both the sedan and a wagon, alongside the EE20 turbodiesel and the EJ25. The EE20 turbodiesel is available in Australia in the Outback. The European and UK Legacy EE20 diesel, the EJ20 and the EJ25 gasoline engines are Euro5
Euro5
emission standard compliant. This is the ninth Subaru
Subaru
vehicle to offer a CVT transmission; the first was the Subaru
Subaru
Justy (1987–1994), followed by the Subaru
Subaru
Rex (1987–1992), the Subaru
Subaru
Vivio (1992–1998), the Subaru
Subaru
Pleo (1998–current), the Subaru
Subaru
R1 coupe (2004–current), the Subaru
Subaru
R2 5-door hatchback (2003–current), the Subaru
Subaru
Sambar (1990–1995 only), and the Subaru
Subaru
Exiga starting September 2009. Sixth generation (2014–present) – BN, BS[edit] Main article: Subaru
Subaru
Legacy (sixth generation) The sixth generation of the Subaru
Subaru
Legacy made its debut at the 2014 Chicago Auto Show, and went into production for the 2015 model year.

2015 Subaru
Subaru
Liberty 2.5i Premium

2015 Subaru
Subaru
Liberty 3.6R sedan

Engines and drivetrain[edit] A 2.5-liter flat-four FB25 [15] and a 3.6-liter flat-six EZ36D are carried over from the fifth-generation model. Output is slightly increased on the four-cylinder model to 175 PS (129 kW; 173 bhp). The six-cylinder model remains unchanged from the 256 PS (188 kW; 252 bhp) 3.6-litre engine. The Legacy still uniquely offers standard all-wheel drive and horizontally opposed engine layouts, but discontinues the manual transmission for the US market in favor of the Lineartronic
Lineartronic
CVT on both engine configurations.[16] The US Market variation of the 2016 Legacy achieves a notable 36 highway MPG when equipped with the 2.5-liter flat-four.[17] EyeSight & Driver's Assistance Technology[edit] EyeSight is Subaru's active safety system that uses twin CCD cameras, simulating stereoscopic vision. It was first introduced in Japan only as Active Driving Assist (ADA) in 1999. When activated, it actively monitors the road through the windshield-mounted cameras, and can react to driving conditions and possibly avert collisions. Models equipped with EyeSight earned the highest possible rating in the IIHS front crash safety test. Unlike other manufacturers offering stereoscopic cameras for drivers-asset purposes, the Eyesight system's cameras are not bonded to the windshield. Thus, if the windshield is dirty on the inside, it may affect the system's performance. The Adaptive Cruise Control function senses the speed and pace of vehicles ahead, and can automatically adjust the speed the car is traveling at accordingly to maintain one of four user selectable gaps. Pre-Collision Braking uses the same cameras to monitor the activity of the vehicles ahead, and alerts the driver visually and audibly. If the driver fails to act, more alerts will be sounded and the car will actively brake itself. According to the IIHS, the Legacy prevented a collision while traveling at 25 mph towards a stopped obstacle.[18] When the car was first released for the 2015 model year, Lane Departure with Sway warning was included in the Eyesight package. This function watched the driver's position within the lane lines, and alerted the driver if they were drifting out of the lane (if a turn signal was used, this alert was not activated), with Sway warning notified the driver if they appeared to be unable to stay centered in the lane, suggesting they may be overly drowsy. For the 2016 model year, a Lane Keep Assist was added, which applied steering torque to prevent the driver from drifting from the lane. This function is active above 40 miles an hour. Also standard on all cars with the Eyesight system are adaptive fog lights aid in turns and cornering and is based on the steering wheel degree.[19] The Legacy also incorporates Subaru's side monitoring system as well. These systems include Blind Spot Alert, Lane Change Assist, and Cross-Traffic Alert System. An amber light is located in the respective side-view mirror stays steady if a vehicle is detected in the blind spot or is approaching at a fast enough pace to interfere with a lane change, or flashes with an additional audible alert if the driver is indicating a lane change or backing out of a parking spot with an object approaching. All of these features are available on the 2.5i Premium, 2.5i Sport, 2.5i Limited, and 3.6R Limited models,[20] with some standard on the 2.5i Limited and 3.6R Limited models.[21] Accomplishments and motorsports[edit] Awards[edit] In 1990, the Legacy was declared the number one selling 4-wheel drive car in the USA by R.L. Polk
R.L. Polk
& Company, based on registration statistics for CYE 1989. According to AutoFacts Inc. AutoGuide, dated June 28, 1990, the Legacy was the least expensive Sedan or Wagon offering both 4-wheel drive and ABS. The Automotive Journalists Association of Canada (AJAC) voted the Legacy "1990's Best New Sedan". Performance enhancements[edit] The EZ series of flat-6-cylinder engines, used in current Legacy products, replaced the EG series found in the Subaru
Subaru
SVX. Subaru
Subaru
has produced high-performance versions of the Legacy with a Bilstein suspension and tuned turbocharged engines equivalent to the homologated rally version WRX STI (generating 205 kW (275 hp) on manufacturer's figures for the 2.0 L equivalent engine with manual transmission). Recent 3.0 L engines move close to the 2.0 L turbo output and share the Bilstein suspension. 2.0 L-engined turbocharged models with the Bilstein suspension were named either the GT-B (for wagons), or Spec B, or B4-RSK (for sedans). The new 2003 model moved many models to simply B4 or even GT in some countries. In Australia, the 2.5GT (SatNav) marks the top of the pile for the Legacy/Liberty range. In North America, early sporty models were known simply as the Sport Sedan and Touring Wagon. Later models were given the GT and GT Limited nomenclature. The 2006 Legacy model brought forth a limited run of 500 Spec B models. Starting in 2007 the Spec B became a regular production model (albeit a somewhat limited run). All Spec B models feature an improved suspension system by Bilstein, navigation system (making the Spec. B the sole pre-2010 MT Legacy to get one), exclusive (to the Spec B) interior, 18" wheels, and additional aesthetic modifications. 2006 Spec B models have a 5-speed manual transmission while 2007-on models have a 6-speed manual transmission. Racing[edit]

Subaru
Subaru
Legacy GT Wagon

Rallying[edit]

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Subaru
Subaru
Legacy RS Turbo

The Legacy was campaigned by the Subaru
Subaru
World Rally Team in the World Rally Championship and British Rally Championship, with the help of Prodrive, beginning in 1990. It wasn't considered a truly competitive model at first, but showed promise under the command of Markku Alen, who in 1991 managed a third-place finish at the Swedish Rally. 1992 debuted the combination of experienced Group B, Pikes Peak International Hillclimb, and WRC driver Ari Vatanen, paired with the up-and-coming Scottish driver Colin McRae
Colin McRae
for Subaru's WRC effort. Two second-place finishes, one by each driver, strengthened the commitment of Subaru
Subaru
to the World Rally Championship, the Legacy, and their drivers. The Legacy's primary competitor, with a turbocharged engine and AWD, was the Mitsubishi Galant VR-4. 1993 became a breakout year for Subaru
Subaru
as Colin McRae
Colin McRae
and Ari Vatanen pushed the Legacy to a third-place finish at the Swedish Rally and a one-two placing after the first leg of the Acropolis Rally. Prodrive boss David Garraway was eager to prove the potential of the new Impreza
Impreza
WRC car, but was charged with gaining a victory in the Legacy before the Impreza
Impreza
could debut. At the round eight Rally New Zealand, Subaru
Subaru
finally struck gold when McRae managed to hold back François Delecour in his Ford Escort RS Cosworth
Ford Escort RS Cosworth
for the win. This was the last WRC year for the Legacy, as the Impreza
Impreza
debuted at the following event, where it placed second in the hands of Vatanen. Richard Burns
Richard Burns
was successful in numerous events with the car during 1992 before joining the World Rally team to drive the Impreza
Impreza
in 1993. Alister McRae, Per Eklund, Possum Bourne
Possum Bourne
and Hannu Mikkola
Hannu Mikkola
also competed in the Legacy during its WRC participation. The Legacy remains an ever-present competitor in rallies around the world. SCCA ProRally
SCCA ProRally
and Rally America
Rally America
participation from many teams has been impressive. The Legacy and the Impreza
Impreza
have many interchangeable parts which makes for a very competent and reliable entry. The Legacy, and its Outback stablemate, has won the Alcan Winter Rally several times; the first win was in 1990 followed by another win in 1992, 2002 and 2006. A 1990 Legacy was the first Group N car to ever finish the WRC Safari Rally. This rally is considered the world's most gruelling rally under the World Rally Championship. In 1990 the 38th Safari Rally
Safari Rally
had 59 competitors total, only 10 of which were able to reach the finish. The Legacy was the only Group N car able to reach the finish and was in 8th place overall. Super GT[edit]

The R&D Sport Legacy B4 in the 2009 Super GT
Super GT
season.

Similar to the Impreza
Impreza
that Team Cusco ran in previous years until 2008, a Legacy grand tourer car based on the fifth generation model has been built by R&D Sport for the Japanese Super GT
Super GT
series (GT300 class). It features a boxer-4 turbo charged engine. The car had also featured all-wheel-drive in the first season but the layout was replaced with an FR layout in 2010, which that season they got their first win in 39th Pokka Summer Special. Speed records[edit] On April 23, 1998, a Generation III Subaru
Subaru
Legacy set a new world speed record for mass-produced turbocharged station wagons with small engines (1600 cc-2000 cc class), clocking 270.532 km/h (168.101 mph) over one kilometer on Highway 10 in La Junta, Colorado.[22] This record was previously set by a Generation II Subaru Legacy in 1993 at 249.981 km/h (155.331 mph).[23] The original Legacy speed record was set between January 2 and January 21, 1989, with three Japanese-spec turbocharged RS sedans at the Arizona Test Center outside of Phoenix, Arizona. It broke the 100,000 km FIA
FIA
World Land Endurance Record by maintaining an average speed of 138.780 mph (223.345 km/h) for 447 hours, 44 minutes and 9.887 seconds, or 18.5 days. Pit stops were made every two hours with a driver change and refueling, while tire changes were made at 96‑hour intervals, or every 13,400 miles (21,600 km) driven.[24] World market release schedule[edit] Models have typically been released into Japan and selected World markets such as New Zealand and Chile in advance of the Continental European and North American markets, with the first two being right-hand drive and traditional strong markets for Subaru.

Generation I: 1989–1993 Generation II: 1993–1998 Generation III: 1998–2003 Generation IV: 2003–2009 Generation V: 2009–2014 Generation VI: 2015–present

North American market release schedule[edit] North America usually releases its models one to one and a half calendar years after Japan does, due to the fact that all current Legacies for the North American market have been built at Subaru
Subaru
of Indiana located in Lafayette, Indiana
Lafayette, Indiana
since 2004. Previously, all USA Legacies were built at either the Indiana plant or the Ōta, Gunma plant in Japan starting in 1989. Notably, production of the fifth generation Legacy at SIA started roughly the same time it did in Gunma.

Generation I: 1990–1994 (production started 1989) Generation II: 1995–1999 (production started 1994) Generation III: 2000–2004 (production started 1999) Generation IV: 2005–2009 (production started 2004) Generation V: 2010–2014 (production started 2009) Generation VI: 2015–present (production started 2014)

Sales[edit] On March 14, 2005, Subaru
Subaru
sold its three-millionth Legacy worldwide.[25]

Japan World Total

First-generation Legacy 620,444 204,168 824,612

Second-generation Legacy 495,471 466,354 961,825

Third-generation Legacy 434,624 467,447 902,071

Fourth-generation Legacy 204,776 106,716 311,492

Total 1,755,315 1,244,685 3,000,000

Production numbers as of March 14, 2005

Year by year[edit]

Calendar year Legacy (US) Outback (US)

2007 21,094 57,334

2008 [26] 22,605 44,271

2009 30,974 55,356

2010 [27] 38,725 93,148

2011 42,401 104,405

2012 [28] 47,127 117,553

2013 42,291 118,049

2014 [29] 52,270 138,790

2015 60,447 152,294

2016 [30] 65,306 182,898

2017 [31] 49,837 188,886

References[edit]

^ Nunez, Alex (2009-01-11). " Subaru
Subaru
Introduction of 2009 Legacy Concept vehicle". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2010-11-11.  ^ a b "Database for cars introduced at Tokyo". Db.tokyo-motorshow.com. Retrieved 2010-11-11.  ^ "Bilstein". Bilstein. Archived from the original on 2009-05-04. Retrieved 2009-05-26.  ^ "SUBARU : 車種紹介 > レガシィ ツーリングワゴン". Subaru.jp. Retrieved 2009-05-26.  ^ Gardiner, Justin (2008-09-04). "Retrieved from Autoblog September 4, 2008". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2010-11-11.  ^ http://cars.uk.msn.com/news/articles.aspx?cp-documentid=147861912 Legacy Diesel Review retrieved 01/22/08 ^ http://www.greencarcongress.com/2008/01/subarus-first-b.html Legacy Diesel Announcement retrieved 01/23/08 ^ http://www.autoblog.com/2008/02/08/geneva-08-preview-subaru-legacy-2-0d-and-outback-2-0d Legacy and Outback diesel announcement retrieved 02/08/08 ^ Subaru
Subaru
Legacy Concept Archived March 12, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Nunez, Alex (2009-01-11). "Detroit 2009: Subaru
Subaru
Legacy Concept shows its face". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2010-11-11.  ^ Nunez, Alex (2009-05-31). "Production begins for 2010 Legacy at Indiana location". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2010-11-11.  ^ Nunez, Alex (2009-04-08). "New York: 2010 Subaru
Subaru
Legacy all grown up". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2010-11-11.  ^ "Legacy introduction in Japan". Subaru.jp. 2009-05-20. Archived from the original on 2010-05-15. Retrieved 2010-11-11.  ^ Joseph, Noah (2009-03-31). "New York Preview: 2010 Subaru
Subaru
Legacy revealed ahead of Big Apple debut". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2010-11-11.  ^ "Revised FB25 for 2015 Outback". http://www.subaruoutback.org/forums/138-gen-5-2015-present/167001-revised-fb25-2015-outback.html. subaruoutback.  External link in website= (help) ^ "2015 Subaru
Subaru
Legacy Sedan – Models & Specs to Build Your Own". subaru.com.  ^ "2016 Subaru
Subaru
Legacy Performance". subaru.com.  ^ "Vehicle details". www.iihs.org. Retrieved 2016-06-20.  ^ "The newly redesigned 2018 Subaru
Subaru
Legacy". Subaru
Subaru
of America, Inc. Retrieved 7 April 2018.  ^ "2015 Subaru
Subaru
Legacy Sedan – Eyesight Safety Technology". subaru.com.  ^ "2015 Subaru
Subaru
Legacy Sedan – Eyesight Safety Technology". subaru.com.  ^ " Subaru
Subaru
Legacy sets new world speed record". 2015-04-27. Retrieved 2015-04-27.  ^ "Generation II Subaru
Subaru
Legacy record".  ^ "20 Years of Legacy Heritage". Retrieved 7 January 2015.  ^ "''Legacy Makes 3 Million''". Subaru.co.nz. Retrieved 2010-11-11.  ^ " Subaru
Subaru
U.S. Media Center - Subaru
Subaru
of America Announces Year-On-Year Sales Increase for 2008 ". http://media.subaru.com. Retrieved 7 April 2018.  External link in website= (help) ^ " Subaru
Subaru
U.S. Media Center - Subaru
Subaru
of America, Inc. Reports 2010 All-Time Sales Record". http://media.subaru.com. Retrieved 7 April 2018.  External link in website= (help) ^ " Subaru
Subaru
U.S. Media Center - SUBARU OF AMERICA, INC. REPORTS RECORD MONTH AND SETS FOURTH CONSECUTIVE YEARLY SALES RECORD ". http://media.subaru.com. Retrieved 7 April 2018.  External link in website= (help) ^ " Subaru
Subaru
U.S. Media Center - SUBARU OF AMERICA, INC. REPORTS BEST DECEMBER EVER AND SETS SIXTH CONSECUTIVE YEARLY SALES RECORD

". http://media.subaru.com. Retrieved 7 April 2018.  line feed character in title= at position 131 (help); External link in website= (help) ^ " Subaru
Subaru
U.S. Media Center - SUBARU OF AMERICA, INC. ANNOUNCES DECEMBER 2016 AS BEST EVER SALES MONTH; SETS EIGHTH CONSECUTIVE YEARLY SALES RECORD  ". http://media.subaru.com. Retrieved 7 April 2018.  External link in website= (help) ^ " Subaru
Subaru
U.S. Media Center - SUBARU OF AMERICA, INC. ANNOUNCES DECEMBER 2017 AS BEST-EVER SALES MONTH; SETS BEST-EVER YEARLY SALES RECORD". http://media.subaru.com. Retrieved 7 April 2018.  External link in website= (help)

Information listed for the first and fifth generation Legacy above was sourced from Subaru
Subaru
sales brochures for the noted model years from the USA, UK, Germany, the Netherlands, Japan and Australia. Information obtained from Japanese Legacy brochures was translated into English from the original Japanese printing. SUBARU:Legacy B4 SUBARU:Legacy Touring Wagon SUBARU:Outback legacy SUBARU:Legacy GLAENZEN S402 (Channel SUBARU)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Subaru
Subaru
Legacy.

Japanese Car portal

Subaru
Subaru
Legacy International – A Home for the Die Hard Legacy Fans! Subaru
Subaru
Legacy Official Page Global site for current model of Subaru
Subaru
Legacy Subaru
Subaru
Legacy at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Subaru
Subaru
Owners and Enthusiasts Club of New Zealand UK Legacy Owners' Forum Subaru
Subaru
Legacy Digital Brochure

v t e

« previous — Subaru, a division of Fuji Heavy Industries, vehicle timeline, 1990s–present

Type 1990s 2000s 2010s

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Kei car Rex Vivio Pleo I Pleo II (rebadged Daihatsu Mira)

R1

R2 Lucra (rebadged Daihatsu Tanto
Daihatsu Tanto
Exe) Chiffon (rebadged Daihatsu Tanto)

Stella I Stella II (rebadged Daihatsu Move)

Kei truck/Microvan Sambar / Domingo Sambar Dias Wagon (rebadged Daihatsu Hijet)

Subcompact Justy I Justy II Justy III Justy IV Trezia Justy V (rebadged Toyota Tank)

Dex

Compact Leone III Leone IV Leone V

Impreza
Impreza
I Impreza
Impreza
II Impreza
Impreza
III Impreza
Impreza
IV Impreza
Impreza
V

Legacy I

Levorg

Mid-size

Legacy II Legacy III Legacy IV Legacy V Legacy VI

Sports coupé Alcyone XT Alcyone SVX

BRZ

Minivan

Traviq

Exiga

Crossover SUV

XV

Outback I Outback II Outback III Outback IV Outback V

Bighorn Bighorn

Forester I Forester II Forester III Forester IV

Tribeca

Ascent

Coupé
Coupé
utility BRAT

Baja

Current

Forester Impreza
Impreza
(XV, WRX, STI) Justy Legacy Levorg Outback Pleo Sambar Stella TransCare Ascent

Engines

EA EE EF EG EJ EK EL EN EZ AVCS i-AVLS FA FB

Historic and discontinued

1500 360 1000 Alcyone XT Alcyone SVX Baja Bighorn BRAT Dex Domingo Exiga FF-1 G FF-1 Star Leone Lucra Sumo R-2 R1 R2 (Modern) Rex Traviq Trezia Tribeca Vivio

Concept

SRD-1 (1990) Fleet-X (1999) B11S (2003) B9 Scrambler (2003) R1e (2003) B5 TPH (2005) G4e (2007) Hybrid & Advanced Tourer (2009, 2011) Viziv (2013–18)

Related

Fuji Heavy Industries Subaru
Subaru
World Rally Team Subaru
Subaru
Rally Team USA Subaru
Subaru
of America Subaru
Subaru
of Indiana Automotive Subaru
Subaru
Industrial Power Products Subaru
Subaru
Tecnica International Wish Upon the Pleiades

v t e

« previous — Subaru, a division of Fuji Heavy Industries, vehicle timeline in North America, 1990s–present

Type 1990s 2000s 2010s

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Subcompact Justy KA

Impreza
Impreza
I GC/GF/GM Impreza
Impreza
II GD/GG

Compact Leone/Loyale AC/AG/AN

Impreza
Impreza
III GE/GH/GR Impreza
Impreza
IV GJ/GP Impreza
Impreza
V

Outback Sport I Outback Sport II Outback Sport III

XV Crosstrek Crosstrek

Mid-size Legacy I BC/BF/BJ Legacy II BD/BG/BK Legacy III BE/BH Legacy IV BL/BP Legacy V BM Legacy VI BN

Sports coupé XT AX SVX CX

BRZ

Crossover/SUV

Forester I SF Forester II SG Forester III SH Forester IV SJ

Outback I BG Outback II BH Outback III BP Outback IV BR Outback V BS

Tribeca WX

Ascent

Coupe Utility BRAT

Baja BT

Current

Ascent BRZ Forester Impreza
Impreza
/ Crosstrek Legacy Outback

Engines

EA EE EF EG EJ EK EL EN EZ AVCS i-AVLS FB

Past

1500 360 1000 Alcyone XT Alcyone SVX Baja BRAT FF-1 G FF-1 Star Justy Leone R1 R2 Tribeca

Concept

SRD-1 (1990) Fleet-X (1999) B11S (2003) B9 Scrambler (2003) R1e (2003) B5 TPH (2005) G4e (2007) Hybrid & Advanced Tourer (2009, 2011) Viziv (2013–15)

Miscellaneous

Parent: Fuji Heavy Industries Subar

.