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The SUBARU LEGACY is a mid-size car built by Japanese automobile manufacturer Subaru
Subaru
since 1989. Part of the original design goals for the Legacy model was to provide Subaru
Subaru
a vehicle in which they could compete in the lucrative North American midsize market against competitors Honda Accord
Honda Accord
, Toyota Camry
Toyota Camry
, Mazda6
Mazda6
, and Nissan Altima
Nissan Altima
. Higher performance variants of the Legacy are offered as competitive alternatives to compact executive cars such as the Audi A4
Audi A4
, Alfa Romeo 159 and BMW 3 Series . The Legacy also serves as Subaru's flagship car .

In 1996, a variant of the Legacy with heightened suspension called the LEGACY OUTBACK was introduced to compete in the burgeoning sport-utility vehicle class and proved to be a sales success for Subaru. The Outback line was split into its own model in 2000, known as the Subaru
Subaru
Outback .

It is unique in its class for offering all wheel drive as a standard feature, and Subaru's traditional boxer engine . The Legacy bears the name LIBERTY in Australia out of deference to Legacy Australia , an organisation dedicated to caring for the families of military service veterans. As of 2008, 3.6 million Legacies have been built since its 1989 introduction.

CONTENTS

* 1 First generation (1989–1993) – BC, BJ, BF * 2 Second generation (1993–1999) – BD, BG, BK * 3 Third generation (1998–2004) – BE, BH, BT * 4 Fourth generation (2003–2009) – BL, BP * 5 Fifth generation (2009–2014) – BM, BR

* 6 Sixth generation (2014–2019) – BN, BS

* 6.1 Engines and drivetrain * 6.2 EyeSight "> Pre-facelift Subaru
Subaru
Legacy sedan (US) Facelift Subaru
Subaru
Liberty LX wagon (Australia) Pre-facelift Subaru
Subaru
Liberty LX sedan (Australia) Facelift Subaru
Subaru
Liberty LX wagon (Australia)

The introduction of the Legacy was a notable departure from Subaru products in the past. The Legacy was formally released January 23, 1989 in Japan, with an introductory price of ¥2,550,000 for the turbocharged RS (approx. USD $18,800 at 1989 yen exchange rate). The first Legacy was available at Japanese dealerships on February 1, 1989, with worldwide distribution starting in 1990.

Subaru
Subaru
had earned a reputation of building vehicles that were regarded as quirky and other Asian manufacturers were bringing more upscale and conventional appearing models to the market. The Legacy broke with many Subaru
Subaru
traditions, such as no longer locating the spare tire in the engine compartment, behind the engine and above the transmission, a tradition started with the 1966 Subaru
Subaru
1000 . The Legacy was an all-new model, and positioned above the Leone , XT , Justy , and kei cars Rex and Sambar in Subaru's model range at the time. The Legacy also introduced an entirely new flat-4 engine series, called the Subaru
Subaru
EJ engine , which was quieter and more powerful than the previous Subaru
Subaru
EA engine .

The Legacy began with a 5-door wagon or 4-door sedan body styles with FWD and an optional full-time AWD package, and was introduced in North America, the UK, Germany, the Benelux
Benelux
region of Northern Europe, Japan and Australia. Options included 4-channel ABS , licensed from Bosch and air suspension height control, which lowered the vehicle at speeds above 50 mph (80.5 km/h), and also allowed the driver to increase the vehicle's ground clearance for off-road conditions.

The USA-spec included the passive restraints (motorized seat belts) through the 1994 model year with exception to the right hand drive Postal model which was only available with conventional seat belts. Driver's side airbags were an option midway through the 1992 model year and became standard in 1993. Passenger airbags weren't available until the 2nd generation arrived in 1995.

The USA models included the Legacy Sport Sedan, from 1991-1994 and Legacy Touring Wagon from 1992-1994. Both were turbocharged with the EJ22T closed-deck block engine. Unique to the USA market, it was SOHC, with different pistons, oil squirters, oil cooler on the '91 model year, and other enhancements. Although it had the same displacement as the non-turbo/naturally aspirated (NA) EJ22E engine used throughout all other Legacy models, it was not simply a turbocharged version of the EJ22E. (As a side-note, the 1994 Legacy GT trim used the non-turbo EJ22E.)

The sedan was available with strengthened 4EAT Automatic transmission or a stronger 5-speed manual transmission. The wagon came equipped with only the 4EAT.

These were the last turbocharged Subaru
Subaru
models sold in the USA until the 2002 WRX debuted.

These model codes are designated in the VIN of each vehicle, such as "JF1BF3BL0E-":

Legacy Codes

* BC=89–94 Sedan * BF=89–94 Wagon (raised roof) * BJ=89–94 Wagon

SECOND GENERATION (1993–1999) – BD, BG, BK

Main article: Subaru
Subaru
Legacy (second generation) Subaru
Subaru
Legacy 2.5GT Limited (USA)

Second generation sales in Japan began October 7, 1993, and an introductory price of ¥2,753,000 for the twin turbo GT (approx USD $25,250 at 1993 yen exchange rate), with an introduction for model year 1995 in North America with a full body and chassis revision. The exterior was designed by Olivier Boulay , who was hired by Subaru
Subaru
on a short-term basis. The tail light appearance on both the sedan and wagon was influenced by the taillights on the SVX . In 1996, Subaru decided to make AWD standard equipment in all vehicles produced for the North American market from that year to 2012. Subaru
Subaru
still offered a choice between FWD and AWD for its domestic market vehicles for this generation. The increased ground clearance Outback was introduced with this generation in 1995 with AWD only internationally, and the air suspension with height control was no longer offered.

USA-spec GT models, first offered in 1990 as a turbocharged sedan or wagon in Japan, and as a trim package for the USA version in 1994, became a top level model upgrade in 1996, using the new EJ25D DOHC
DOHC
2.5 L naturally aspirated engine . "Limited" trim level editions were introduced, offering heated leather, or cloth, seats and trim and a tinted, glass moonroof. The term "Limited" appeared on the "GT", known as the "GT Limited" in 1998. The term "Limited" was used by itself on the Outback in 1998. Driver and front passenger airbags were added with the redesigned interior as standard equipment in accordance with USA Federal Government regulations. 1999 marked the 30th anniversary of Subaru
Subaru
in America, and the last of the second generation in North America. There was a special 30th Anniversary Edition offered in the USA with upgraded interior and sunroof, spoiler, alloy wheels on the "L" trim level cars. The USA-spec "Brighton" trim level also carried over from the facelifted first generation version that was priced below the "L" trim option.

In Japan, the GT/B-Spec was introduced in 1994 with lowered and stiffened suspension and a higher performance rear differential. The next generation of the GT-B was introduced June 1996, with the front and rear struts supplied by Bilstein, with the upgrade also available on the RS. The "B" designation stood for Bilstein. Turbocharged versions continued to be available in markets that used right-hand-drive configurations. Specialty touring and racing versions were available in Japan, as well as the DOHC
DOHC
2-liter twin sequential turbocharged EJ20H version on both the Legacy GT sedan and wagon with an automatic transmission and the RS sedan and GT-B wagon with the EJ20R and a manual transmission and a slightly higher horsepower rating, both identified as "Boxer 2-stage Twin Turbo" on the engine cover shroud.

Subaru
Subaru
Legacy Touring Wagon GTB Limited (Japan).

Subaru
Subaru
Liberty LX station wagon (Australia) with clear rear turn signal lenses and amber bulbs.

Subaru
Subaru
Legacy Brighton wagon (USA) with amber rear turn signal lenses.

Subaru
Subaru
Liberty RX Bilstein Edition Sedan (Australia) with clear rear turn signal lenses and amber bulbs, Bilstein badge .

For the Australian market, the Subaru
Subaru
Liberty was offered in LX, GX, RX, and Heritage model grades. In 1998 the special edition "Bilstein Edition RX" was offered. It could be identified by a Bilstein badge on the right rear boot lid and a lower stance due to front and rear Bilstein struts. It also featured Leather seats and door inserts along with MOMO sports leather steering wheel and 16in BBS alloys as standard equipment.

With the introduction of the Legacy second generation in Israel, the Legacy name was replaced by the B4 brand.

These model codes are designated in the Applied Model code of each vehicle, such as "BD'9A4D":

Legacy Codes

* BD=Sedan; North America 1995–1999, Japan 1993–1997 * BG=Step-roof Wagon (Raised Roof); North America 1995–1999, Japan 1993–1997 * BK=Standard-roof Wagon (Used only in North America); North America 1995–1999

THIRD GENERATION (1998–2004) – BE, BH, BT

Main article: Subaru
Subaru
Legacy (third generation) Subaru
Subaru
Liberty GX wagon (Australia)

Subaru
Subaru
launched the third generation Japanese and world-market Legacy in June 1998, while the North American model started production in late 1999 as a 2000 model, also known as the BE for sedan models and BH for wagons. European-market and Japanese models ranged from a normally aspirated 2.0 L flat-4 to the EZ30 flat-6 in the 3.0R model (European and Japanese trim level designation), with the twin turbo that was offered in the previous generation still offered on performance models. In the US market the third generation Legacy went on sale with the 2.5 L EJ251 Engine standard. In 2001 the EZ30 , a newly designed 3.0 L H6 was offered in the Outbacks. The engine now met California's LEV emission standard.

Flat roof wagons were no longer manufactured worldwide, and instead the raised roof is used for both the Legacy wagon and Legacy Outback . Daytime running lamps were introduced on US models starting with the 2000 Model Year. Cabin air filters were available starting with 2001 models installed underneath and behind the glove compartment door.

Japanese-spec vehicles with the twin turbo had a choice of manual or semi-automatic transmission called SportShift, that allowed the driver to push the automatic gearshift selector to the left, and then allow the driver to shift the automatic like a manual transmission.

US models ended in 2004 instead of 2003.

Subaru
Subaru
Legacy Limited Sedan (USA).

1998–2004 Subaru
Subaru
Legacy 2.0 GT-B E-Tune II Touring Wagon (Japan) with clear rear turn signal lenses and amber bulbs.

Subaru
Subaru
Legacy L Wagon (USA) with amber colored rear turn signal lenses.

Subaru
Subaru
Liberty RX Sedan (Australia).

FOURTH GENERATION (2003–2009) – BL, BP

Main article: Subaru
Subaru
Legacy (fourth generation) 2003–2006 Subaru
Subaru
Liberty sedan (Australia) 2006-2009 Subaru
Subaru
Liberty 2.5i sedan (Australia) 2003-2006 Subaru
Subaru
Legacy sedan (Chile) 2006-2009 Subaru
Subaru
Liberty 2.5i sedan (Australia)

On May 23, 2003, Fuji Heavy Industries
Fuji Heavy Industries
debuted the redesigned Legacy, known as the BL for sedan models and BP for wagons. It was released worldwide in 2004, with Subaru
Subaru
Indiana Automotive commencing production in February 2004 for the North American markets for 2005 model year. The Legacy was presented the 2003–2004 Japan Car of the Year , Subaru's first win for the award after fighting off stiff competition from Toyota Prius and Mazda RX-8 . When sales began in the USA market, the Lafayette Factory built Legacy won 2005 International Car of the Year for Most Dependable/Sedan from Road "> 2014 Subaru Legacy 3.6R Limited with EyeSight technology cameras next to rear view mirror (USA)

Production of the fifth generation 2010 Subaru
Subaru
Legacy began the last week of May 2009 at the Indiana location, and was unveiled at the 2009 New York Auto Show . According to the Subaru
Subaru
website in Japan, the Legacy was introduced in Japan on May 20, 2009. The Legacy B4 2.5GT tS tuned by STi was introduced to Japan June 12, 2010.

On May 2010, the "EYESIGHT " collision avoidance feature introduced on the previous generation Legacy was re-introduced on the Japan-spec Touring Wagon and Outback, and was awarded the "Best Technology" award from the Japan Automotive Hall of Fame at the Japan Museum of Nature and Science . For the 2014 model year, the EyeSight driver safety aid has been installed optionally on all international Legacy and Outback vehicles. 2010 Subaru
Subaru
Legacy wagon (Japan)

The new for this generation Lineartronic continuously variable transmission is used internationally on the EJ25 2.5 L flat-4 engine and the EJ20 in some markets, with a 6-speed manual transmission also offered only in North America and Australia. The 2.5GT uses a turbocharger with a 6-speed manual transmission used exclusively in Japan and North America with Australia being able to choose between the 6-speed manual or 5-speed automatic transmission; vehicles identified as "3.6R" use the EZ36 flat-6 engine with a 5-speed SportShift conventional automatic transmission. The Lineartronic CVT transmission is also shared with the JDM-spec Subaru
Subaru
Exiga on AWD models. The North American PZEV Legacy 2.5i continues to be available in all 50 states, unlike other manufacturers who only sell PZEV certified vehicles in states that have adopted California emission standards. 2010 Subaru
Subaru
Legacy 2.5i Sedan (US)

Internationally, the EZ36 flat-6 engine is used in the Outback only, but is also available in the Legacy sedan in both North America and Australia. The Japan-spec vehicle has discontinued using the EJ25 engine which increases vehicle tax liability for Japanese buyers, offering the EJ20 in both turbo and non-turbo versions. "SI-Drive" is standard equipment on all Japanese-spec vehicles, and both the Australian 2.5GT and the 3.6R sedan, but not in North America. SI-Drive is standard on the international Outback with the EZ36 except North America. The Legacy wagon is only available as an Outback in North America, whereas both a Legacy and Outback wagon are available in Japan, the UK, Australia, and Europe. In the UK, only the wagon is offered, with engine choices limited to the Subaru
Subaru
EE20 turbodiesel or the EJ25. The EZ36 engine was available in the UK in 2010 MY Outbacks only. In Europe and certain Asian countries, the EJ20 is still offered in both the sedan and a wagon, alongside the EE20 turbodiesel and the EJ25. The EE20 turbodiesel is available in Australia in the Outback. The European and UK Legacy EE20 diesel, the EJ20 and the EJ25 gasoline engines are Euro5 emission standard compliant.

This is the ninth Subaru
Subaru
vehicle to offer a CVT transmission; the first was the Subaru
Subaru
Justy (1987–1994), followed by the Subaru
Subaru
Rex (1987–1992), the Subaru
Subaru
Vivio (1992–1998), the Subaru
Subaru
Pleo (1998–current), the Subaru
Subaru
R1 coupe (2004–current), the Subaru
Subaru
R2 5-door hatchback (2003–current), the Subaru
Subaru
Sambar (1990–1995 only), and the Subaru
Subaru
Exiga starting September 2009.

SIXTH GENERATION (2014–2019) – BN, BS

Main article: Subaru
Subaru
Legacy (sixth generation)

The sixth generation of the Subaru
Subaru
Legacy made its debut at the 2014 Chicago Auto Show
Chicago Auto Show
, and went into production for the 2015 model year. 2015 Subaru
Subaru
Liberty 2.5i Premium 2015 Subaru
Subaru
Liberty 3.6R sedan

ENGINES AND DRIVETRAIN

A 2.5-liter flat-four FB25 and a 3.6-liter flat-six EZ36D are carried over from the fifth-generation model. Output is slightly increased on the four-cylinder model to 175 PS (129 kW; 173 bhp). The six-cylinder model remains unchanged from the 256 PS (188 kW; 252 bhp) 3.6-litre engine.

The Legacy still uniquely offers standard all-wheel drive and horizontally opposed engine layouts, but discontinues the manual transmission for the US market in favor of the Lineartronic CVT on both engine configurations. The US Market variation of the 2016 Legacy achieves a notable 36 highway MPG when equipped with the 2.5-liter flat-four.

EYESIGHT & DRIVER\'S ASSISTANCE TECHNOLOGY

EyeSight is Subaru
Subaru
's active safety system that uses twin CCD cameras , simulating stereoscopic vision. It was first introduced in Japan only as Active Driving Assist (ADA) in 1999. When activated, it actively monitors the road through the windshield-mounted cameras, and can react to driving conditions and possibly avert collisions. Models equipped with EyeSight earned the highest possible rating in the IIHS front crash safety test. Unlike other manufacturers offering stereoscopic cameras for drivers-asset purposes, the Eyesight system's cameras are not bonded to the windshield. Thus, if the windshield is dirty on the inside, it may affect the system's performance.

The Adaptive Cruise Control function senses the speed and pace of vehicles ahead, and can automatically adjust the speed the car is traveling at accordingly to maintain one of four user selectable gaps. Pre-Collision Braking uses the same cameras to monitor the activity of the vehicles ahead, and alerts the driver visually and audibly. If the driver fails to act, more alerts will be sounded and the car will actively brake itself. According to the IIHS, the Legacy prevented a collision while traveling at 25 mph towards a stopped obstacle. When the car was first released for the 2015 model year, Lane Departure with Sway warning was included in the Eyesight package. This function watched the driver's position within the lane lines, and alerted the driver if they were drifting out of the lane (if a turn signal was used, this alert was not activated), with Sway warning notified the driver if they appeared to be unable to stay centered in the lane, suggesting they may be overly drowsy. For the 2016 model year, a Lane Keep Assist was added, which applied steering torque to prevent the driver from drifting from the lane. This function is active above 40 miles an hour. Also standard on all cars with the Eyesight system are adaptive fog lights aid in turns and cornering and is based on the steering wheel degree.

The Legacy also incorporates Subaru's side monitoring system as well. These systems include Blind Spot Alert, Lane Change Assist, and Cross-Traffic Alert System. An amber light is located in the respective side-view mirror stays steady if a vehicle is detected in the blind spot or is approaching at a fast enough pace to interfere with a lane change, or flashes with an additional audible alert if the driver is indicating a lane change or backing out of a parking spot with an object approaching.

All of these features are available on the 2.5i Premium, 2.5i Sport, 2.5i Limited, and 3.6R Limited models, with some standard on the 2.5i Limited and 3.6R Limited models.

ACCOMPLISHMENTS AND MOTORSPORTS

AWARDS

In 1990, the Legacy was declared the number one selling 4-wheel drive car in the USA by R.L. Polk "> Subaru
Subaru
Legacy GT Wagon

Rallying

This section DOES NOT CITE ANY SOURCES . Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed . (June 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message )

Subaru
Subaru
Legacy RS Turbo

The Legacy was campaigned by the Subaru
Subaru
World Rally Team in the World Rally Championship and British Rally Championship , with the help of Prodrive , beginning in 1990. It wasn't considered a truly competitive model at first, but showed promise under the command of Markku Alen , who in 1991 managed a third-place finish at the Swedish Rally. 1992 debuted the combination of experienced Group B , Pikes Peak International Hillclimb , and WRC driver Ari Vatanen
Ari Vatanen
, paired with the up-and-coming Scottish driver Colin McRae for Subaru's WRC effort. Two second-place finishes, one by each driver, strengthened the commitment of Subaru
Subaru
to the World Rally Championship
World Rally Championship
, the Legacy, and their drivers. The Legacy's primary competitor, with a turbocharged engine and AWD, was the Mitsubishi Galant VR-4 .

1993 became a breakout year for Subaru
Subaru
as Colin McRae and Ari Vatanen pushed the Legacy to a third-place finish at the Swedish Rally and a one-two placing after the first leg of the Acropolis Rally. Prodrive boss David Garraway was eager to prove the potential of the new Impreza
Impreza
WRC car, but was charged with gaining a victory in the Legacy before the Impreza
Impreza
could debut. At the round eight Rally New Zealand , Subaru
Subaru
finally struck gold when McRae managed to hold back François Delecour in his Ford Escort RS Cosworth
Ford Escort RS Cosworth
for the win. This was the last WRC year for the Legacy, as the Impreza
Impreza
debuted at the following event, where it placed second in the hands of Vatanen.

Richard Burns was successful in numerous events with the car during 1992 before joining the World Rally team to drive the Impreza
Impreza
in 1993. Alister McRae , Per Eklund , Possum Bourne and Hannu Mikkola also competed in the Legacy during its WRC participation.

The Legacy remains an ever-present competitor in rallies around the world. SCCA ProRally and Rally America participation from many teams has been impressive. The Legacy and the Impreza
Impreza
have many interchangeable parts which makes for a very competent and reliable entry.

The Legacy, and its Outback stablemate, has won the Alcan Winter Rally several times; the first win was in 1990 followed by another win in 1992, 2002 and 2006.

A 1990 Legacy was the first Group N car to ever finish the WRC Safari Rally . This rally is considered the world's most gruelling rally under the World Rally Championship. In 1990 the 38th Safari Rally
Safari Rally
had 59 competitors total, only 10 of which were able to reach the finish. The Legacy was the only Group N car able to reach the finish and was in 8th place overall.

Super GT

The R&D Sport Legacy B4 in the 2009 Super GT season .

Similar to the Impreza
Impreza
that Team Cusco ran in previous years until 2008 , a Legacy grand tourer car based on the fifth generation model has been built by R -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">

* ^ Nunez, Alex (2009-01-11). " Subaru
Subaru
Introduction of 2009 Legacy Concept vehicle". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2010-11-11. * ^ A B "Database for cars introduced at Tokyo". Db.tokyo-motorshow.com. Retrieved 2010-11-11. * ^ "Bilstein". Bilstein. Retrieved 2009-05-26. * ^ "SUBARU : 車種紹介 > レガシィ ツーリングワゴン". Subaru.jp. Retrieved 2009-05-26. * ^ Gardiner, Justin (2008-09-04). "Retrieved from Autoblog September 4, 2008". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2010-11-11. * ^ http://cars.uk.msn.com/news/articles.aspx?cp-documentid=147861912 Legacy Diesel Review retrieved 01/22/08 * ^ http://www.greencarcongress.com/2008/01/subarus-first-b.html Legacy Diesel Announcement retrieved 01/23/08 * ^ http://www.autoblog.com/2008/02/08/geneva-08-preview-subaru-legacy-2-0d-and-outback-2-0d Legacy and Outback diesel announcement retrieved 02/08/08 * ^ Subaru
Subaru
Legacy Concept Archived March 12, 2009, at the Wayback Machine . * ^ Nunez, Alex (2009-01-11). "Detroit 2009: Subaru
Subaru
Legacy Concept shows its face". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2010-11-11. * ^ Nunez, Alex (2009-05-31). "Production begins for 2010 Legacy at Indiana location". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2010-11-11. * ^ Nunez, Alex (2009-04-08). "New York: 2010 Subaru
Subaru
Legacy all grown up". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2010-11-11. * ^ "Legacy introduction in Japan". Subaru.jp. 2009-05-20. Retrieved 2010-11-11. * ^ Joseph, Noah (2009-03-31). "New York Preview: 2010 Subaru Legacy revealed ahead of Big Apple debut". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2010-11-11. * ^ "Revised FB25 for 2015 Outback". http://www.subaruoutback.org/forums/138-gen-5-2015-present/167001-revised-fb25-2015-outback.html. subaruoutback. External link in website= (help ) * ^ "2015 Subaru
Subaru
Legacy Sedan – Models & Specs to Build Your Own". subaru.com. * ^ "2016 Subaru
Subaru
Legacy Performance". subaru.com. * ^ "Vehicle details". www.iihs.org. Retrieved 2016-06-20. * ^ http://www.subaru.com/vehicles/legacy/special-features.html * ^ "2015 Subaru
Subaru
Legacy Sedan – Eyesight Safety Technology". subaru.com. * ^ "2015 Subaru
Subaru
Legacy Sedan – Eyesight Safety Technology". subaru.com. * ^ " Subaru
Subaru
Legacy sets new world speed record". 2015-04-27. Retrieved 2015-04-27. * ^ "Generation II Subaru
Subaru
Legacy record". * ^ "20 Years of Legacy Heritage". Retrieved 7 January 2015. * ^ "\'\'Legacy Makes 3 Million\'\'". Subaru.co.nz. Retrieved 2010-11-11.

* Information listed for the first and fifth generation Legacy above was sourced from Subaru
Subaru
sales brochures for the noted model years from the USA, UK, Germany, the Netherlands, Japan and Australia. Information obtained from Japanese Legacy brochures was translated into English from the original Japanese printing. * SUBARU:Legacy B4 * SUBARU:Legacy Touring Wagon * SUBARU:Outback legacy * SUBARU:Legacy GLAENZEN * S402 * (Channel SUBARU)

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikimedia Commons has media related to SUBARU LEGACY .

* Japanese Car portal

* Subaru