The SUBARU LEGACY is a mid-size car built by Japanese automobile
In 1996, a variant of the Legacy with heightened suspension called
the LEGACY OUTBACK was introduced to compete in the burgeoning
sport-utility vehicle class and proved to be a sales success for
Subaru. The Outback line was split into its own model in 2000, known
It is unique in its class for offering all wheel drive as a standard
feature, and Subaru's traditional boxer engine . The Legacy bears the
name LIBERTY in Australia out of deference to
* 1 First generation (1989–1993) – BC, BJ, BF * 2 Second generation (1993–1999) – BD, BG, BK * 3 Third generation (1998–2004) – BE, BH, BT * 4 Fourth generation (2003–2009) – BL, BP * 5 Fifth generation (2009–2014) – BM, BR
* 6 Sixth generation (2014–present) – BN, BS
* 6.1 Engines and drivetrain
* 6.2 EyeSight "> Pre-facelift
The introduction of the Legacy was a notable departure from Subaru products in the past. The Legacy was formally released January 23, 1989 in Japan, with an introductory price of ¥2,550,000 for the turbocharged RS (approx. USD $18,800 at 1989 yen exchange rate). The first Legacy was available at Japanese dealerships on February 1, 1989, with worldwide distribution starting in 1990.
The Legacy began with a 5-door wagon or 4-door sedan body styles with
FWD and an optional full-time AWD package, and was introduced in North
America, the UK, Germany, the
The USA-spec included the passive restraints (motorized seat belts) through the 1994 model year with exception to the right hand drive Postal model which was only available with conventional seat belts. Driver's side airbags were an option midway through the 1992 model year and became standard in 1993. Passenger airbags weren't available until the 2nd generation arrived in 1995.
The USA models included the Legacy Sport Sedan, from 1991-1994 and Legacy Touring Wagon from 1992-1994. Both were turbocharged with the EJ22T closed-deck block engine. Unique to the USA market, it was SOHC, with different pistons, oil squirters, oil cooler on the '91 model year, and other enhancements. Although it had the same displacement as the non-turbo/naturally aspirated (NA) EJ22E engine used throughout all other Legacy models, it was not simply a turbocharged version of the EJ22E. (As a side-note, the 1994 Legacy GT trim used the non-turbo EJ22E.)
The sedan was available with strengthened 4EAT Automatic transmission or a stronger 5-speed manual transmission. The wagon came equipped with only the 4EAT.
These were the last turbocharged
These model codes are designated in the VIN of each vehicle, such as "JF1BF3BL0E-":
* BC=89–94 Sedan * BF=89–94 Wagon (raised roof) * BJ=89–94 Wagon
SECOND GENERATION (1993–1999) – BD, BG, BK
Second generation sales in Japan began October 7, 1993, and an
introductory price of ¥2,753,000 for the twin turbo GT (approx USD
$25,250 at 1993 yen exchange rate), with an introduction for model
year 1995 in North America with a full body and chassis revision. The
exterior was designed by
Olivier Boulay , who was hired by
USA-spec GT models, first offered in 1990 as a turbocharged sedan or
wagon in Japan, and as a trim package for the USA version in 1994,
became a top level model upgrade in 1996, using the new EJ25D
In Japan, the GT/B-Spec was introduced in 1994 with lowered and
stiffened suspension and a higher performance rear differential. The
next generation of the GT-B was introduced June 1996, with the front
and rear struts supplied by Bilstein, with the upgrade also available
on the RS. The "B" designation stood for Bilstein. Turbocharged
versions continued to be available in markets that used
right-hand-drive configurations. Specialty touring and racing versions
were available in Japan, as well as the
For the Australian market, the
With the introduction of the Legacy second generation in Israel, the Legacy name was replaced by the B4 brand.
These model codes are designated in the Applied Model code of each vehicle, such as "BD'9A4D":
* BD=Sedan; North America 1995–1999, Japan 1993–1997 * BG=Step-roof Wagon (Raised Roof); North America 1995–1999, Japan 1993–1997 * BK=Standard-roof Wagon (Used only in North America); North America 1995–1999
THIRD GENERATION (1998–2004) – BE, BH, BT
Flat roof wagons were no longer manufactured worldwide, and instead the raised roof is used for both the Legacy wagon and Legacy Outback . Daytime running lamps were introduced on US models starting with the 2000 Model Year. Cabin air filters were available starting with 2001 models installed underneath and behind the glove compartment door.
Japanese-spec vehicles with the twin turbo had a choice of manual or semi-automatic transmission called SportShift, that allowed the driver to push the automatic gearshift selector to the left, and then allow the driver to shift the automatic like a manual transmission.
US models ended in 2004 instead of 2003.
FOURTH GENERATION (2003–2009) – BL, BP
On May 23, 2003,
Fuji Heavy Industries
Production of the fifth generation 2010
On May 2010, the "EYESIGHT " collision avoidance feature introduced
on the previous generation Legacy was re-introduced on the Japan-spec
Touring Wagon and Outback, and was awarded the "Best Technology" award
from the Japan Automotive Hall of Fame at the Japan Museum of Nature
and Science . For the 2014 model year, the EyeSight driver safety aid
has been installed optionally on all international Legacy and Outback
The new for this generation
Lineartronic continuously variable
transmission is used internationally on the EJ25 2.5 L flat-4 engine
and the EJ20 in some markets, with a 6-speed manual transmission also
offered only in North America and Australia. The 2.5GT uses a
turbocharger with a 6-speed manual transmission used exclusively in
Japan and North America with Australia being able to choose between
the 6-speed manual or 5-speed automatic transmission; vehicles
identified as "3.6R" use the EZ36 flat-6 engine with a 5-speed
SportShift conventional automatic transmission. The
transmission is also shared with the JDM-spec
Internationally, the EZ36 flat-6 engine is used in the Outback only,
but is also available in the Legacy sedan in both North America and
Australia. The Japan-spec vehicle has discontinued using the EJ25
engine which increases vehicle tax liability for Japanese buyers,
offering the EJ20 in both turbo and non-turbo versions. "SI-Drive" is
standard equipment on all Japanese-spec vehicles, and both the
Australian 2.5GT and the 3.6R sedan, but not in North America.
SI-Drive is standard on the international Outback with the EZ36 except
North America. The Legacy wagon is only available as an Outback in
North America, whereas both a Legacy and Outback wagon are available
in Japan, the UK, Australia, and Europe. In the UK, only the wagon is
offered, with engine choices limited to the
This is the ninth
SIXTH GENERATION (2014–PRESENT) – BN, BS
The sixth generation of the
ENGINES AND DRIVETRAIN
A 2.5-liter flat-four FB25 and a 3.6-liter flat-six EZ36D are carried over from the fifth-generation model. Output is slightly increased on the four-cylinder model to 175 PS (129 kW; 173 bhp). The six-cylinder model remains unchanged from the 256 PS (188 kW; 252 bhp) 3.6-litre engine.
The Legacy still uniquely offers standard all-wheel drive and horizontally opposed engine layouts, but discontinues the manual transmission for the US market in favor of the Lineartronic CVT on both engine configurations. The US Market variation of the 2016 Legacy achieves a notable 36 highway MPG when equipped with the 2.5-liter flat-four.
EYESIGHT & DRIVER\'S ASSISTANCE TECHNOLOGY
The Adaptive Cruise Control function senses the speed and pace of vehicles ahead, and can automatically adjust the speed the car is traveling at accordingly to maintain one of four user selectable gaps. Pre-Collision Braking uses the same cameras to monitor the activity of the vehicles ahead, and alerts the driver visually and audibly. If the driver fails to act, more alerts will be sounded and the car will actively brake itself. According to the IIHS, the Legacy prevented a collision while traveling at 25 mph towards a stopped obstacle. When the car was first released for the 2015 model year, Lane Departure with Sway warning was included in the Eyesight package. This function watched the driver's position within the lane lines, and alerted the driver if they were drifting out of the lane (if a turn signal was used, this alert was not activated), with Sway warning notified the driver if they appeared to be unable to stay centered in the lane, suggesting they may be overly drowsy. For the 2016 model year, a Lane Keep Assist was added, which applied steering torque to prevent the driver from drifting from the lane. This function is active above 40 miles an hour. Also standard on all cars with the Eyesight system are adaptive fog lights aid in turns and cornering and is based on the steering wheel degree.
The Legacy also incorporates Subaru's side monitoring system as well. These systems include Blind Spot Alert, Lane Change Assist, and Cross-Traffic Alert System. An amber light is located in the respective side-view mirror stays steady if a vehicle is detected in the blind spot or is approaching at a fast enough pace to interfere with a lane change, or flashes with an additional audible alert if the driver is indicating a lane change or backing out of a parking spot with an object approaching.
All of these features are available on the 2.5i Premium, 2.5i Sport, 2.5i Limited, and 3.6R Limited models, with some standard on the 2.5i Limited and 3.6R Limited models.
ACCOMPLISHMENTS AND MOTORSPORTS
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The Legacy was campaigned by the
1993 became a breakout year for
Richard Burns was successful in numerous events with the car during
1992 before joining the World Rally team to drive the
Impreza in 1993.
The Legacy remains an ever-present competitor in rallies around the
The Legacy, and its Outback stablemate, has won the Alcan Winter Rally several times; the first win was in 1990 followed by another win in 1992, 2002 and 2006.
A 1990 Legacy was the first Group N car to ever finish the WRC Safari Rally . This rally is considered the world's most gruelling rally under the World Rally Championship. In 1990 the 38th Safari Rally had 59 competitors total, only 10 of which were able to reach the finish. The Legacy was the only Group N car able to reach the finish and was in 8th place overall.
The R&D Sport Legacy B4 in the 2009 Super GT season .
Similar to the Impreza that Team Cusco ran in previous years until 2008 , a Legacy grand tourer car based on the fifth generation model has been built by R -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">
* ^ Nunez, Alex (2009-01-11). "
* Japanese Car portal
* v * t * e
TYPE 1990s 2000s 2010s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6
Stella II (rebadged
Subcompact Justy I Justy II Justy III Justy IV Trezia Justy V
Compact Leone III Leone IV Leone V
Legacy II Legacy III Legacy IV Legacy V Legacy VI
Sports coupé Alcyone XT Alcyone SVX
Outback I Outback II Outback III Outback IV Outback V
Forester I Forester II Forester III Forester IV
* Exiga * Forester * Impreza (XV , WRX , STI ) * Legacy * Levorg * Lucra * Outback * Pleo * Sambar * Stella * TransCare * Trezia
* EA * EE * EF * EG * EJ * EK * EL * EN * EZ * AVCS * i-AVLS * FA * FB
* 1500 * 360 * 1000 * Alcyone XT * Alcyone SVX * Baja * Bighorn * BRAT * Dex * Domingo * FF-1 G * FF-1 Star * Justy * Leone * Sumo * R-2 * R1 * R2 (Modern) * Rex * Traviq * Tribeca * Vivio
* SRD-1 (1990) * Fleet-X (1999) * B11S (2003) * B9 Scrambler (2003) * R1e (2003) * B5 TPH (2005) * G4e (2007) * Hybrid " colspan="27" class="hlist">
Fuji Heavy Industries
* v * t * e
TYPE 1990s 2000s 2010s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Subcompact Justy KA
Compact Leone/Loyale AC/AG/AN
XV Crosstrek Crosstrek
Mid-size Legacy I BC/BF/BJ Legacy II BD/BG/BK Legacy III BE/BH Legacy IV BL/BP Legacy V BM Legacy VI BN
Sports coupé XT AX SVX CX
Forester I SF Forester II SG Forester III SH Forester IV SJ
Outback I BG Outback II BH Outback III BP Outback IV BR Outback V BS
Coupe Utility BRAT
* BRZ * Forester * Impreza / Crosstrek * Legacy * Outback
* EA * EE * EF * EG * EJ * EK * EL * EN * EZ * AVCS * i-AVLS * FB
* 1500 * 360 * 1000 * Alcyone XT * Alcyone SVX * Baja * BRAT * FF-1 G * FF-1 Star * Justy * Leone * R1 * R2 * Tribeca
* SRD-1 (1990) * Fleet-X (1999) * B11S (2003) * B9 Scrambler (2003) * R1e (2003) * B5 TPH (2005) * G4e (2007) * Hybrid " colspan="30" class="hlist">
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