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The Info List - Subaru EA Engine


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The Subaru EA engine is a series of automobile internal combustion engines manufactured by Subaru, a division of Fuji Heavy Industries. All EA series engines are of a flat-4 design, and have always been water cooled. The EA series engines have aluminum heads with aluminum blocks. Each cylinder has two valves, one for exhaust and one for intake. They came in either an OHV pushrod or SOHC configuration. Subaru produced the EA series from 1966 to 1994, and were found in the Subaru FF-1 (Star), the Subaru Leone, the Subaru Brat (Brumby), the Subaru Loyale, the Subaru Omega (coupé), the Subaru Vortex, the Subaru RX, and the Subaru XT (Alcyone).

Contents

1 EA-52

1.1 Specifications

2 EA-53

2.1 Specifications

3 EA-61

3.1 Specifications

4 EA-62

4.1 Specifications 4.2 EA-62S

5 EA-63

5.1 Specifications

6 EA-64

6.1 Specifications

7 EA-65

7.1 Specifications

8 EA-71

8.1 Specifications 8.2 EA-71S

9 EA-72 Concept Engine

9.1 Specifications

10 EA-81

10.1 Specifications 10.2 EA-81S 10.3 EA-81T

11 EA-82

11.1 Specifications 11.2 EA-82T

12 ER27 13 References

EA-52[edit] The Subaru EA-52 engine was produced from 1966 until 1970. Specifications[edit]

Displacement: 977.2 cc Bore: 72 mm Stroke: 60 mm Compression Ratio: 9.0:1 Valvetrain: OHV Pushrod Horsepower: 55 bhp (41 kW; 56 PS) at 6,000 rpm Torque: 57 lb⋅ft (77 N⋅m) at 3,200 rpm

Found on

Subaru 1000 Subaru FF-1 Star

EA-53[edit] The Subaru EA-53 was used in the 1967 Subaru 1000 Sports Sedan, sold in Japan. It used twin carburetors. This engine was used in the September 1968 Japan Alpine Rally which the car won in the 1000cc engine class. Specifications[edit]

Displacement: 977.2 cc Bore: 72 mm Stroke: 60 mm Compression Ratio: 10:1 Valvetrain: OHV Pushrod Horsepower: 67 PS (49 kW; 66 bhp) at 6,600 rpm Torque: 8.2 kg⋅m (80 N⋅m; 59 lb⋅ft) at 4,600 rpm

EA-61[edit]

Subaru EA61 1.1L

The Subaru EA-61 engine was produced from 1969 to 1972. The Japanese-spec Subaru FF-1 Sport Sedan and the FF-1 Super Touring sedan used twin carburetors, with the engine designation EA-61S. It was sold in the United States only for the 1971 model year.[1] It was also briefly available in the first Leone, only in 1100 Van specification. Specifications[edit]

Displacement: 1088 cc Bore: 76 mm Stroke: 60 mm Compression Ratio: 8.5:1 Valvetrain: OHV Pushrod Horsepower: 61 bhp (45 kW; 62 PS) at 5,600 rpm Torque: 65 lb⋅ft (88 N⋅m) at 4,000 rpm

Found on

Subaru FF-1 Star Subaru G 1972–197? Subaru Leone A21 Van

EA-62[edit] The Subaru EA-62 engine was produced from 1971 to 1972. It is the only EA- engine with rear-facing exhaust ports. Specifications[edit]

Displacement: 1267.5 cc Bore: 82 mm Stroke: 60 mm Compression Ratio: 9.0:1 Valvetrain: OHV Pushrod Horsepower: 80 bhp (60 kW; 81 PS) at 6,400 rpm Torque: 73 lb⋅ft (99 N⋅m) at 4,000 rpm

Found on

Subaru G (1300G in United States)

EA-62S[edit] This engine used twin carburetors from Zenith-Stromberg.

Displacement: 1267.5 cc Bore: 82 mm Stroke: 60 mm Compression Ratio: 10.0:1 Valvetrain: OHV Pushrod Horsepower: 93 PS (68 kW; 92 bhp) at 7,000 rpm Torque: 10.5 kg⋅m (103 N⋅m; 76 lb⋅ft) at 5,000 rpm

Found on

Subaru FF-1 1300G Sports Sedan and Super Touring (Japan)

EA-63[edit] The Subaru EA-63 engine was produced from 1973 to 1979, although it stopped being used in US-market cars in 1976. Specifications[edit]

Displacement: 1361 cc Bore: 85 mm Stroke: 60 mm Compression Ratio: 8.5:1 Valvetrain: OHV Pushrod Horsepower: 58 bhp (43 kW; 59 PS) at 5200 rpm

72 PS (53 kW) at 6000 rpm (JDM, emissions cleaned)[2] 78 PS (57 kW) at 6000 rpm (JDM, no emissions equipment)[2]

Torque: 68 lb⋅ft (92 N⋅m) at 2,400 rpm

10.2 kg⋅m (100 N⋅m; 74 lb⋅ft) at 3600 rpm (JDM, emissions cleaned)[2] 10.5 kg⋅m (103 N⋅m; 76 lb⋅ft) at 4000 rpm (JDM, no emissions equipment)[2]

Found on

1973-1979 Subaru Leone

EA-64[edit] The Subaru EA-64 engine was produced from 1973 to 1979. The engine disappeared from the sedan catalogs in September 1975, as the new emissions regulations would simply make the car too slow. As commercial vehicles didn't have to meet the new stricter regulations, it continued to be available in the Van 1200 Standard until the end of production of the first generation Leone in 1979. Specifications[edit]

Displacement: 1176 cc Bore: 79 mm Stroke: 60 mm Compression Ratio: 9.0:1 Valvetrain: OHV Horsepower: 68 PS (50 kW) at 6000 rpm[2] Torque: 9.5 kg⋅m (93 N⋅m; 69 lb⋅ft) at 3600 rpm

Found on

1973-1975 Subaru Leone (sedan) 1973-1977 Subaru Leone (van) A25 1973-1979 Subaru Leone (van) A65[2]

EA-65[edit] The Subaru EA-65 engine was produced from 1979 to 1994. Specifications[edit]

Displacement: 1,298 cc Bore: 83 mm Stroke: 60 mm Compression Ratio: 9.0:1 Valvetrain: OHV Pushrod Horsepower: 65 bhp (48 kW; 66 PS) at 5,600 rpm Torque: 85 lb⋅ft (115 N⋅m) at 3,200 rpm

Found on

1979-1994 Subaru Leone for Japanese domestic market, Europe, Asia and Latin America.

EA-71[edit] The Subaru EA-71 engine was produced in two different designs; from 1976 to 1994, originally the first design was a redesign of the EA-63 block, known as the "Narrow Case EA71" then Subaru completely redesigned it to make the newer version known as "Fat Case EA71" which also led to a stroked version known as the EA81. The Availability in USA for the EA71 ended in 1990 on the Hatchback models. It came with Carburetor, and the last editions for JDM featured TBi, found on the "Maia" Editions of the third gen Subaru Leone, it came either with Solid Lifters or Hydraulic Lifters.

Subaru EA-71 Engine

Specifications[edit]

Displacement: 1595 cc Bore: 92 mm Stroke: 60 mm Compression Ratio: 9.0:1 Valvetrain: OHV Pushrod Horsepower:

1976-1979: 67 bhp (50 kW; 68 PS) at 5,200 rpm (US)

82 PS (60 kW) at 5,600 rpm (JDM, emissions cleaned) 95 PS (70 kW) at 6,400 rpm (JDM twin-carb, emissions cleaned) 87 PS (64 kW) at 5,600 rpm (JDM, no emissions equipment)

1980-1987: 68 bhp (51 kW; 69 PS) at 4,800 rpm (US)

Torque:

1976-1979: 81 lb⋅ft (110 N⋅m) at 2,400 rpm (US)

12.0 kg⋅m (118 N⋅m; 87 lb⋅ft) at 3,600 rpm (JDM, emissions cleaned) 12.3 kg⋅m (121 N⋅m; 89 lb⋅ft) at 4,000 rpm (JDM twin-carb, emissions cleaned) 12.3 kg⋅m (121 N⋅m; 89 lb⋅ft) at 3,600 rpm (JDM, no emissions equipment)

1980-1987: 84 lb⋅ft (114 N⋅m) at 2,800 rpm (US)

Found on

1976-1994 Subaru Leone 1978-1980 Subaru BRAT 1980-1990 Subaru Hatchback

EA-71S[edit] This engine used twin Hitachi carburetors.

Found on

1979-1981 Subaru Hatchback 1979-1980 Subaru Brat 1979-1983 Subaru Manatee (Race car, JDM)

EA-72 Concept Engine[edit] There was an unreleased EA-72 concept engine Subaru developed for use in the Japanese Market in 1989. It was essentially an EA-82 with an EA-71 crankshaft. This engine never came about as the Subaru EJ15 and EJ16 were already in development for this purpose. Specifications[edit]

Displacement: 1,595 cc Bore: 92 mm Stroke: 60 mm Compression Ratio: 8.7:1 Valvetrain: SOHC Horsepower: unreleased Torque: unreleased

EA-81[edit] The Subaru EA-81 engine was produced from 1980 to 1994 and is a stroked version of the "Fat Case" EA-71 it came either with Solid Lifters or Hydraulic Lifters. Specifications[edit]

Displacement: 1,781 cc Bore: 92 mm Stroke: 67 mm Compression Ratio: 8.7:1 Valvetrain: OHV Pushrod Horsepower: 73 bhp (54 kW; 74 PS) at 4,800 rpm (US-version), 80-82 PS at 5,200 rpm (EU-version) Torque: 94 lb⋅ft (127 N⋅m) at 2,400 rpm (US-version), 132 N⋅m at 2,400 rpm (EU-version)

Found on

1980-1989 Subaru Leone 1981-1994 Subaru BRAT, Subaru Brumby 1980-1990 Subaru Hatchback

EA-81S[edit] This engine used twin Hitachi carburetors on a single intake manifold, and the late version for the 1983 Safari Rally, featured two downdraft Weber Carburetors, each one mounted directly over each head. The Heads and Valvetrain on the EA81S engines are different from the regular counterparts, featuring different positions for the intake and exhaust valves on the Heads, feature known usually as Reverse Valves.

Found on

1980-1982 second gen Subaru Leone (Twin Hitachi Carbs) 1980-1982 Second Gen Subaru Brat, Subaru Brumby (Twin Hitachi Carbs). 1983 Subaru RX (Safari Rally Edition - Twin Weber Carbs)

EA-81T[edit] The EA-81T is not an official engine designation from Subaru. The "T" is used informally to refer to the factory turbocharged version of EA-81 engines that are equipped with a turbocharger and multi port fuel injection.

Additional specifications

Compression Ratio: 7.7:1 Turbocharger Pressure: 7 psi Valvetrain: OHV Pushrod Horsepower: 95 bhp (71 kW; 96 PS) at 4,200 rpm (US) Torque: 123 lb⋅ft (167 N⋅m) at 2,800 rpm (US)

Found on

1983-1984 Subaru Leone 1983-1984 Subaru BRAT

EA-82[edit] The Subaru EA-82 engine was originally intended to be a 2.0L engine as its prototypes were, but Subaru destroked it to 1.8L for production, despite of having same displacement on the older EA81 engine; however the EA82 bore kept being the same found on their newer EJ20 engine. The EA82 was produced from 1984 to 1994. It came either with carburetor, single point fuel injection, or multi port fuel injection and hydraulic lifters. Most of the technical advancements introduced to the EA82 were utilized in the next generation Subaru EJ engine, specifically, the SOHC valvetrain, and multi-point fuel injection. Specifications[edit]

Subaru EA-82 Engine (displayed upside-down)

Displacement: 1781 cc Bore: 92 mm Stroke: 67 mm Compression Ratio: 8.7:1 or 9.0:1 SPFI According to Subaru Factory Service manuals: 9.0:1 "carb" 9.5:1 SPFI Valvetrain: SOHC Horsepower: Carb - 84 bhp (63 kW; 85 PS) at 5,200 rpm SPFI - 90 bhp (67 kW; 91 PS) at 5,600 rpm MPFI - 97 bhp (72 kW; 98 PS) at 5,200 rpm Torque: Carb - 101 lb⋅ft (137 N⋅m) at 3,200 rpm SPFI - 101 lb⋅ft (137 N⋅m) at 3,200 rpm MPFI - 103 lb⋅ft (140 N⋅m) at 3,200 rpm

Found on

1984-1994 Third generation of Subaru Leone, Subaru Loyale, Subaru Omega 1985-1991 Subaru Alcyone, Subaru XT, Subaru Vortex

EA-82T[edit] The EA-82T engine was introduced in 1984 for the Third generation of Subaru Leone in the GL-10 and RX Turbo trim models plus the XT (Vortex), and later on the Subaru Leone RX Coupe models. It is a turbocharged version of the MPFI EA-82 with modified cylinder heads and lower compression pistons. A revised intake known as the "Spider" manifold was available and is seen as an early version of the EJ style intake manifold.

Additional specifications

Turbo: IHI model RHB5 VF7 Compression Ratio: 7.7:1 Turbocharging Pressure: 7 psi Horsepower: 1984-1986: 111 bhp (83 kW; 113 PS) at 5,200 rpm 1987-1990: 115 bhp (86 kW; 117 PS) at 5,200 rpm Torque: 134 lb⋅ft (182 N⋅m) at 2,800 rpm

ER27[edit]

Subaru ER engine

Overview

Manufacturer Subaru

Production 1988–1991

Layout

Configuration flat-6 petrol engine

Displacement 2.7 L (2672 cc)

Cylinder bore 92 mm

Piston stroke 67 mm

Cylinder block alloy aluminium

Cylinder head alloy aluminium

Valvetrain SOHC

Combustion

Fuel type Petrol/gasoline

Output

Power output 112 kW (150 hp)

Chronology

Successor Subaru EG engine

The ER series is a flat-6 engine with a displacement of 2.7L manufactured by Subaru, a division of Fuji Heavy Industries. The ER series has aluminium engine blocks and aluminium cylinder heads. It is found on the 1988-1991 Subaru Alcyone VX (XT-6 in the United States). Created as a refined luxury engine with improved power over the EA82T, Subaru introduced the ER series engine in 1988 exclusively to be featured in the Subaru Alcyone VX. Like the EA series engines, the ER series engine featured 2-valve cylinder heads with hydraulic lash adjusters and the block shared the same bore and stroke. While recognised as bearing many similarities to the Subaru EA82 engine, there are numerous differences in design between the two engines and a large portion of parts are unique to the ER27. The oil and water pumps are unique to the ER27, sharing similar bolt patterns and design to the EA82, but being of a higher flow in both cases.[3] The intake manifold uses a two piece design with a lower section bolting to the heads containing the coolant bridge, injectors and various vacuum lines. The upper intake manifold then bolts to the lower section and is unlike the EA82 or EJ22 "spider" manifold designs in that there is no central plenum chamber. The valve timing system is belt-drive using two individual timing belts, curiously one belt uses a spring tensioner (like the EA82) whilst the other uses a hydraulic tensioner (like the EJ22). Both JDM and USDM versions of the ER27 used multi-point electronic fuel injection. The ER27 designation was the first time Subaru incorporated the engine's displacement into the series name and all future engines have retained this nomenclature. References[edit]

^ Flammang, James M. (1994). Standard Catalog of Imported Cars, 1946-1990. Iola, WI: Krause Publications, Inc. p. 588. ISBN 0-87341-158-7.  ^ a b c d e f 新型Subaru Leone (catalog) [New Subaru Leone] (in Japanese), Fuji Heavy Industries, June 1978  ^ "Oil Pump & Water Pump differences EA82->ER27". March 16, 2010. Retrieved 2011-05-06. 

1977 Subaru Factory Service Manual 1983 Subaru Factory Service Manual 1984 Subaru Factory Service Manual 1987/1988 Subaru Factory Service Manual Subaru Drive Magazine

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