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STYRIA (German : STEIERMARK, German pronunciation: ( listen ), Slovene /Croatian : Štajerska, Hungarian : Stájerország, Czech : Štýrsko) is a state or Bundesland, located in the southeast of Austria
Austria
. In area it is the second largest of the nine Austrian federated states, covering 16,401 km2 (6,332 sq mi). It borders Slovenia
Slovenia
and the Austrian states of Upper Austria
Austria
, Lower Austria
Austria
, Salzburg , Burgenland
Burgenland
, and Carinthia . The population (as of 2016-01-01) was 1,231,865. The capital city is Graz
Graz
which had 276,526 inhabitants at the beginning of 2015.

CONTENTS

* 1 Etymology * 2 Geography * 3 History * 4 Economy

* 5 Administrative divisions

* 5.1 Statutory city * 5.2 Other districts

* 6 Politics

* 6.1 2005 elections

* 7 Notable people * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 External links

ETYMOLOGY

The March of Styria derived its name from the original seat of its ruling Otakar dynasty: Steyr
Steyr
, in today's Upper Austria
Austria
. In German, the area is still called "Steiermark" while in English the Latin name "Styria" is used. The ancient link between Steyr
Steyr
and Styria
Styria
is also apparent in their nearly identical coats of arms, a white Panther on a green background.

GEOGRAPHY

Grüner See

The term "UPPER STYRIA " (German : Obersteiermark) used by an Austrian refers to the northern and northwestern parts of the federal-state (districts Liezen , Murau , Judenburg , Knittelfeld , Leoben , Bruck an der Mur , and Mürzzuschlag ). The term "WEST STYRIA" (Weststeiermark) is used for the districts to the west of Graz (Voitsberg , Deutschlandsberg , western part of the district Leibnitz ); the districts east of Graz
Graz
(Weiz , Hartberg , Feldbach , Fürstenfeld , and Radkersburg ) are referred to as "EAST STYRIA" (Oststeiermark). The western and eastern parts of the district Graz-Umgebung may or may not be considered parts of West and East Styria, respectively. The southern parts of the Duchy of Styria
Styria
, which have formed part of Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia
and later Slovenia
Slovenia
since 1918 (with the exception of World War II), were (and sometimes colloquially still are) referred to as "LOWER STYRIA " (Untersteiermark; Slovene : Štajerska).

HISTORY

Graz, capital city of Styria
Styria
Historical view of the border between Styria
Styria
and Carinthia, 1830 Main article: History of Styria
Styria

During early Roman times , Styria
Styria
was inhabited by Celtic tribes. After its conquest by the Romans, the eastern part of what is now Styria
Styria
was part of Pannonia
Pannonia
, while the western one was included in Noricum
Noricum
. During the Barbarian invasions
Barbarian invasions
, it was conquered or crossed by the Visigoths
Visigoths
, the Huns , the Ostrogoths
Ostrogoths
, the Rugii
Rugii
, and the Lombards
Lombards
. Slavs, who first were under the domination of the Avars , settled in the valleys of this country (around 600 and onwards). At the same time Bavarian people (under Frankish domination) began to expand their area to the south and east and absorbed the Slavic population.

In 1180 Styria
Styria
separated from the Duchy of Carinthia
Duchy of Carinthia
and became a Duchy of its own; in 1192 the Austrian Duke Leopold V. became also Duke of Styria. Later Styria
Styria
formed the central part of Inner Austria .

Styria
Styria
developed culturally and economically under Archduke John of Austria
Austria
between 1809 and 1859.

In 1918, after World War I
World War I
, it was divided into a northern section (forming what is the current Austrian state), and a southern one, called Lower Styria, inhabited mostly by ethnic Slovenians, and which was annexed to Yugoslavia, and later in Slovenia.

ECONOMY

View over the vineyards of South- Styria
Styria

As elsewhere in the developed world, there has been a shift away from the manufacturing sector towards the service sector in Styria. This has had negative consequences for the industrial regions of upper Styria
Styria
which have suffered a steady decline in population in recent years.

In 2004 Styria
Styria
had the strongest economic growth rate in Austria
Austria
at 3.8%—mainly due to the Graz
Graz
area which saw strong economic growth that year and has continued to grow in economic and population terms since then.

Styria
Styria
is home to more than 150 clean technology companies, of which one dozen are world technology leaders in their field. The revenue of Styrian cleantech companies totals €2.7 billion. This equals to 8 percent of the Gross Regional Product (GRP), and is one of the highest concentrations of leading clean technology companies in Europe. The companies have an average (real) growth rate of 22 percent per year—well above the worldwide cleantech market growth of 18 percent per year. The region created roughly 2,000 additional green jobs in 2008 alone.

ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS

The state is divided into 13 districts (Bezirke), one of them a statutory city .

STATUTORY CITY

* Graz
Graz

OTHER DISTRICTS

* Bruck-Mürzzuschlag * Deutschlandsberg * Graz-Umgebung * Hartberg-Fürstenfeld * Leibnitz * Leoben * Liezen (with the subdistrict Gröbming ) * Murau * Murtal * Südoststeiermark * Voitsberg * Weiz

POLITICS

An enshrined crucifix amidst cornfields near Mureck in rural Styria, attesting to enduring Catholic faith.

The state had been a stronghold of the Austrian People\'s Party (ÖVP) since 1945. Graz
Graz
however is a stronghold of the far left Communist Party (KPÖ). The governor (Austrian political term: Landeshauptmann ) has usually been an ÖVP member.

2005 ELECTIONS

In the 2005 elections for state parliament the Social Democrats (SPÖ) under their regional chairman Franz Voves won the majority after the ÖVP had damaged its credibility through scandals and the secession of a high-ranking party member who took part in the 2005 elections after setting up his own party. In these elections, the KPÖ also received many votes after it had gained much popularity through its role in local politics in Graz
Graz
during the preceding few years. The two right-wing populist parties, the Freedom Party of Austria
Austria
(FPÖ) and the Alliance for the Future of Austria
Austria
(BZÖ), failed to win seats.

NOTABLE PEOPLE

* Palman (fl. 1310–1363), knight and mercenary commander of the Serbian Empire * Johann Joseph Fux
Johann Joseph Fux
(1660–1741), composer and music theorist, wrote Gradus ad Parnassum – a composition manual used by Beethoven and Mozart * Archduke John of Austria
Austria
(1782–1859) * Johann Puch (1862–1914), founded Johann Puch Erste Steiermärkische Fahrrad-Fabriks-Aktiengesellschaft at Graz
Graz
in 1899. * Peter Rosegger (1843–1918), honoured poet * Jochen Rindt
Jochen Rindt
(1942–1970), Formula 1 World Champion * Bert Isatitsch (1911–1994), first president of the International Luge Federation * Frank Stronach (b. 1932), founder of Magna International , billionaire * Dr. Helmut Marko (b. 1943), former racing driver * Klaus Maria Brandauer
Klaus Maria Brandauer
(b. 1944), actor and director * Dietrich Mateschitz (b. 1944), founder and CEO of Red Bull
Red Bull
, billionaire * Elfriede Jelinek (b. 1946), Nobel Prize in Literature winner * Arnold Schwarzenegger (b. 1947), bodybuilder, film actor and former Governor of California
Governor of California
* Wolfgang Muthspiel (b. 1965), jazz composer and guitarist * Thomas Muster
Thomas Muster
(b. 1967), former World No. 1 tennis player * Ulla Weigerstorfer (b. 1967), Miss Austria
Austria
1987 and Miss World 1987 * Renate Götschl
Renate Götschl
(b. 1975), alpine skiing World Champion * Elisabeth Görgl (b. 1981), professional alpine skier * Eva Rueber-Staier (b. 1951), Miss Austria
Austria
1969, Miss World 1969 * Josef Allerberger (1924–2010), World War II sniper credited with 257 confirmed kills * Robert Stolz (b. 1880), composer born in Graz * Getty Kaspers (b. 1948), lead vocals of Dutch band Teach-In , who won the 1975 Eurovision Song Contest . * Conchita Wurst
Conchita Wurst
(b. 1988), winner Eurovision Song Contest 2014
Eurovision Song Contest 2014
, European superstar

SEE ALSO

* Lower Styria

REFERENCES

* ^ Lesser, Shawn. "Top 10 cleantech cluster organizations for 2010". Clean Tech Group. Retrieved 14 April 2011.

EXTERNAL LINKS

* Media related to Steiermark

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