STURMHAUPTFüHRER ( , "storm chief leader") was a Nazi Party
paramilitary rank used by both the
The rank was first created in 1928 as an SA rank and was bestowed upon those SA officers who were company commanders of SA units. The rank translates as "storm head leader" and can trace its origins to the German shock troops of the First World War , who were typically organized into storm trooper companies under an officer ranked lieutenant or captain .
As an SS rank , Sturmhauptführer was established in 1930 as a senior rank to that of Sturmführer . Sturmhauptführer was initially considered as more of a senior lieutenant, but after 1932 the rank was rated above that of Obersturmführer and became the equivalent of a captain. The insignia for the rank was also modified to denote the higher status.
In 1934, after the
Night of the Long Knives , the SS changed the name
Junior rank OBERSTURMFüHRER SA RANK STURMHAUPTFüHRER Senior rank STURMBANNFüHRER
* ^ A B C Miller 2006 , p. 521. * ^ A B Flaherty 2004 , p. 148. * ^ McNab 2009 , p. 15.
* Flaherty, T. H. (2004) . The Third Reich: The SS. Time-Life Books, Inc. ISBN 1-84447-073-3 . * McNab, Chris (2009). The Third Reich. Amber Books Ltd. ISBN 978-1-906626-51-8 . * Miller, Michael (2006). Leaders of the SS and German Police, Vol. 1. R. James Bender Publishing. ISBN 93-297-0037-3 .
* v * t * e
NAZI PARTY RANKS
This article related to
* v * t * e
This article on a military rank or appointment is a stub . You can help by expanding it .