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Sturmhauptführer ([ˈʃtʊʁm.haʊ̯pt.fyːʀɐ], "storm chief leader") was a Nazi Party
Nazi Party
paramilitary rank used by both the Sturmabteilung
Sturmabteilung
(SA) and the SS. It was the equivalent of a Hauptmann in the German army.[1] This is the equivalent of captain (O-3) in western militaries.[2] The rank was first created in 1928 as an SA rank
SA rank
and was bestowed upon those SA officers who were company commanders of SA units. The rank translates as "storm head leader" and can trace its origins to the German shock troops of the First World War, who were typically organized into storm trooper companies under an officer ranked lieutenant or captain. As an SS rank, Sturmhauptführer was established in 1930 as a senior rank to that of Sturmführer.[1] Sturmhauptführer was initially considered as more of a senior lieutenant, but after 1932 the rank was rated above that of Obersturmführer
Obersturmführer
and became the equivalent of a captain.[2] The insignia for the rank was also modified to denote the higher status. In 1934, after the Night of the Long Knives, the SS changed the name of Sturmhauptführer to Hauptsturmführer.[1] This was due in large part to separate the SS rank
SS rank
system from the SA, now considered two completely separate organizations. Sturmhauptführer remained an SA rank until 1945.[3]

Junior rank Obersturmführer SA rank Sturmhauptführer Senior rank Sturmbannführer

Notes[edit]

^ a b c Miller 2006, p. 521. ^ a b Flaherty 2004, p. 148. ^ McNab 2009, p. 15.

References[edit]

Flaherty, T. H. (2004) [1988]. The Third Reich: The SS. Time-Life Books, Inc. ISBN 1-84447-073-3.  McNab, Chris (2009). The Third Reich. Amber Books Ltd. ISBN 978-1-906626-51-8.  Miller, Michael (2006). Leaders of the SS and German Police, Vol. 1. R. James Bender Publishing. ISBN 93-297-0037-3. 

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Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
paramilitary ranks          

Combat ranks

Anwärter Junker Schütze Oberschütze Sturmmann Volkssturmmann Stabsscharführer Rottenführer Unterscharführer Scharführer Oberscharführer Hauptscharführer Sturmscharführer Zugführer (Volkssturm) Untersturmführer Obersturmführer Kompanieführer (Volkssturm) Hauptsturmführer Bataillonsführer (Volkssturm) Sturmbannführer Obersturmbannführer Standartenführer Oberführer Brigadeführer Gruppenführer Obergruppenführer Oberst-Gruppenführer

Non-combat ranks

Bewerber Aufseherin Mann Oberrottenführer HJ Staffelführer Truppführer Obertruppführer Haupttruppführer Sturmführer Rapportführer Sonderführer Sturmhauptführer Schutzhaftlagerführer Gauführer Untergruppenführer Stabsführer Reichsjugendführer Bannführer Korpsführer Stabschef
Stabschef
(SA) Reichsführer-SS

Nazi Party
Nazi Party
ranks

Blockleiter Zellenleiter Ortsgruppenleiter Kreisleiter Gauleiter Reichsleiter

Other ranks

RLB-Präsident

Organizations

Nazi Party Sturmabteilung Schutzstaffel Allgemeine SS SS-Verfügungstruppe Waffen-SS SS-Totenkopfverbände Hitler Youth National Socialist Motor Corps National Socialist Flyers Corps Volkssturm

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