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STURMHAUPTFüHRER ( , "storm chief leader") was a Nazi Party paramilitary rank used by both the Sturmabteilung
Sturmabteilung
(SA) and the SS . It was the equivalent of a Hauptmann in the German army. This is the equivalent of captain (O-3) in western militaries.

The rank was first created in 1928 as an SA rank and was bestowed upon those SA officers who were company commanders of SA units. The rank translates as "storm head leader" and can trace its origins to the German shock troops of the First World War , who were typically organized into storm trooper companies under an officer ranked lieutenant or captain .

As an SS rank , Sturmhauptführer was established in 1930 as a senior rank to that of Sturmführer . Sturmhauptführer was initially considered as more of a senior lieutenant, but after 1932 the rank was rated above that of Obersturmführer and became the equivalent of a captain. The insignia for the rank was also modified to denote the higher status.

In 1934, after the Night of the Long Knives , the SS changed the name of Sturmhauptführer to Hauptsturmführer
Hauptsturmführer
. This was due in large part to separate the SS rank system from the SA, now considered two completely separate organizations. Sturmhauptführer remained an SA rank until 1945.

Junior rank OBERSTURMFüHRER SA RANK STURMHAUPTFüHRER Senior rank STURMBANNFüHRER

NOTES

* ^ A B C Miller 2006 , p. 521. * ^ A B Flaherty 2004 , p. 148. * ^ McNab 2009 , p. 15.

REFERENCES

* Flaherty, T. H. (2004) . The Third Reich: The SS. Time-Life Books, Inc. ISBN 1-84447-073-3 . * McNab, Chris (2009). The Third Reich. Amber Books Ltd. ISBN 978-1-906626-51-8 . * Miller, Michael (2006). Leaders of the SS and German Police, Vol. 1. R. James Bender Publishing. ISBN 93-297-0037-3 .

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Nazi Germany paramilitary ranks

COMBAT RANKS

* Anwärter * Junker * Schütze * Oberschütze * Sturmmann
Sturmmann
* Volkssturmmann * Stabsscharführer * Rottenführer
Rottenführer
* Unterscharführer * Scharführer * Oberscharführer * Hauptscharführer * Sturmscharführer * Zugführer (Volkssturm) * Untersturmführer * Obersturmführer * Kompanieführer (Volkssturm) * Hauptsturmführer
Hauptsturmführer
* Bataillonsführer (Volkssturm) * Sturmbannführer
Sturmbannführer
* Obersturmbannführer
Obersturmbannführer
* Standartenführer
Standartenführer
* Oberführer
Oberführer
* Brigadeführer
Brigadeführer
* Gruppenführer
Gruppenführer
* Obergruppenführer
Obergruppenführer
* Oberst- Gruppenführer
Gruppenführer

NON-COMBAT RANKS

* Bewerber * Aufseherin * Mann * Oberrottenführer HJ * Staffelführer * Truppführer * Obertruppführer * Haupttruppführer * Sturmführer * Rapportführer * Sonderführer * Sturmhauptführer * Schutzhaftlagerführer
Schutzhaftlagerführer
* Gauführer * Untergruppenführer * Stabsführer * Reichsjugendführer * Bannführer * Korpsführer * Stabschef (SA) * Reichsführer-SS
Reichsführer-SS

NAZI PARTY RANKS

* Blockleiter * Zellenleiter * Ortsgruppenleiter * Kreisleiter * Gauleiter
Gauleiter
* Reichsleiter

OTHER RANKS

* RLB-Präsident

ORGANIZATIONS

* Nazi Party
Nazi Party
* Sturmabteilung
Sturmabteilung
* Schutzstaffel
Schutzstaffel
* Allgemeine SS * SS-Verfügungstruppe * Waffen-SS
Waffen-SS
* SS-Totenkopfverbände * Hitler Youth
Hitler Youth
* National Socialist Motor Corps
National Socialist Motor Corps
* National Socialist Flyers Corps
National Socialist Flyers Corps
* Volkssturm
Volkssturm

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Nazi Germany
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