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Stranraer
Stranraer
(UK: /strænˈrɑːr/[3] stran-RAR; Scottish Gaelic: An t- Sròn
Sròn
Reamhar, pronounced [ən̪ˠ t̪ʰɾɔːn ɾãũ.əɾ]) is a town in Inch, Dumfries
Dumfries
and Galloway, southwest Scotland. It lies on the shores of Loch Ryan, on the northern side of the isthmus joining the Rhins of Galloway
Rhins of Galloway
to the mainland. Stranraer
Stranraer
is Dumfries and Galloway's second-largest town, with a population including the surrounding area of nearly 13,000. Stranraer
Stranraer
is an administrative centre for the West Galloway Wigtownshire
Wigtownshire
area of Dumfries
Dumfries
and Galloway. It is best known as having been a ferry port, previously connecting Scotland
Scotland
with Belfast
Belfast
and Larne
Larne
in Northern Ireland; the last service was transferred to nearby Cairnryan
Cairnryan
in November 2011.[4] The main industries in the area are the ferry port, with associated industries, tourism and, more traditionally, farming. Some argue that the name comes from the Scottish Gaelic An t-Sròn Reamhar meaning "The Fat Nose", but which more prosaically might be rendered as "the broad headland".[5] The most commonly accepted explanation is that it derives its name from the strand or burn which divides the row, raw, of houses on its banks. (The town burn, now under the two Strand streets.) In time Strandraw was named and spelled Stranrawer, and afterwards Stranraer.[6]

Contents

1 Transport 2 Redevelopment 3 Historic and notable buildings 4 Landmarks 5 Education 6 Sport 7 Public services 8 Media 9 History 10 Gallery

10.1 Districts 10.2 Outer districts

11 Cultural references 12 Notable people 13 See also 14 References 15 Further reading

Transport[edit] The A77 runs north towards Ayr, Prestwick
Prestwick
and Glasgow. The A75 runs east from Stranraer
Stranraer
to Gretna, with links to the M6 going to Carlisle. The A75 is part of European route E18, but, like all European routes, it is not signposted as such in the United Kingdom. The main national coach providers operate services from Stranraer. National Express offer a service to London, and Scottish Citylink
Scottish Citylink
(in association with Ulsterbus) operate services to Edinburgh. Local transport in and around the town is provided by Stagecoach Western,[7] and three local companies – McCulloch's Coaches.[8][9][10] Stranraer railway station
Stranraer railway station
is the southern terminus for one of the branch lines of the Glasgow
Glasgow
South Western Line. Trains are provided by Abellio ScotRail
Abellio ScotRail
daily to Ayr, Glasgow
Glasgow
Central, and Kilmarnock. From Stranraer
Stranraer
connections to the West Coast Main Line, can be made at Glasgow
Glasgow
Central, or traveling via Ayr, Kilmarnock, Dumfries
Dumfries
to Carlisle. Onward trains from either Glasgow
Glasgow
Central or Carlisle connect direct to London Euston and other destinations such as Manchester Piccadilly, Crewe and Birmingham New Street. In November 2011, Stena Line
Stena Line
relocated its ferry services to a new port at Old House Point, north of Cairnryan, which is a few miles north of Stranraer. The existing port in Stranraer
Stranraer
may be redeveloped with the departure of Stena Line; proposals to build a transport hub have been made.[11] Both Campbeltown Airport
Campbeltown Airport
and Glasgow
Glasgow
Prestwick
Prestwick
Airport, at around 45 miles (72 km), are the closest airports in Scotland
Scotland
to Stranraer. Belfast
Belfast
City Airport in Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
is 39 miles (63 km) distant.[12] Redevelopment[edit] The European Union
European Union
is partly financing "The Stranraer
Stranraer
and Loch Ryan Waterfront Project" to regenerate the area.[13] At an estimated cost of £1.29m, the Castle Square development will be the first phase of the redevelopment of Stranraer
Stranraer
town centre and significantly change the flow of traffic, with Castle Street and George Street both being narrowed in a bid to be more pedestrian friendly.[14] By January 2010, work on the streets around the town centre was complete, with the streets around the Castle of St John re-paved and re-profiled. The Castle Square was formally unveiled in March 2011 and has so far hosted a range of activities, including music and family events. Stranraer
Stranraer
is currently undergoing redevelopment in the South Central Area (known as Dick's Hill, Ochtrelure and the southern part of Liddesdale Road area into the Gallow Hill). Historic and notable buildings[edit] The Castle of St. John
Castle of St. John
is a medieval tower house, built around 1500 by the Adairs of Kilhilt. It has been used as a home, a court, a prison, and a military garrison, the last during the Killing Times
Killing Times
in the 1680s. The Old Town Hall, built in 1776,[15] now houses the Stranraer Museum with its displays of Victorian Wigtownshire
Wigtownshire
and the town's polar explorers, Sir John Ross and his nephew James Clark Ross.[16] The town is also home to the North West Castle, built in 1820 and the first hotel in the world with its own indoor curling ice rink.[17][18] Landmarks[edit] Local tourist attractions include:

Ardwell
Ardwell
Gardens Castle of St John Castle Kennedy
Castle Kennedy
Gardens[19] – a 75-acre (30 ha) garden between two lochs, noted for its rhododendrons, azaleas and embothriums in the grounds of Lochinch Castle, the seat of the Earls of Stair. Glenluce Abbey
Glenluce Abbey
– a 12th-century Cistercian
Cistercian
monastery. Glenwhan Gardens [20] – a 12-acre (4.9 ha) garden near Dunragit. Logan Botanic Garden, near Port Logan
Port Logan
village, one of the four sites of the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. Mull of Galloway
Mull of Galloway
– the most southerly point of Scotland, with a lighthouse, visitor centre and RSPB
RSPB
bird reserve. Portpatrick The Robert the Bruce Trail begins at Loch Ryan, near Stranraer.[21] Southern Upland Way
Southern Upland Way
– a 212-mile (341 km) coast-to-coast path between Portpatrick
Portpatrick
and Cockburnspath. Stranraer
Stranraer
Museum [22] Whithorn
Whithorn
– with its relics of St Ninian. Wigtown
Wigtown
– Scotland's national book town.

Education[edit] Stranraer
Stranraer
has five primary schools: Belmont, Park, Rephad, St. Joseph’s R.C. and Sheuchan. The secondary school, Stranraer
Stranraer
Academy, is a comprehensive school consisting of one modern building (New Building Phase 2 completed in 2010). The school has around 1,200 pupils, 90 members of staff and serves the area of Stranraer, the Rhins, and parts of the Machars, Wigtownshire. Stranraer Academy
Stranraer Academy
has another seven associated primary schools from areas outwith Stranraer: Glenluce, Castle Kennedy, Drochduil, Drummore, Kirkcolm, Leswalt, Sandhead
Sandhead
and Portpatrick. The original Stranraer Academy
Stranraer Academy
was opened in 1845 on the site of the present Stranraer
Stranraer
Campus of Dumfries and Galloway
Dumfries and Galloway
College. In 1965, a new Academy (B Block) was built alongside a new High School (A Block) and in 1970 the schools amalgamated. Dumfries and Galloway
Dumfries and Galloway
College has a campus in the town. In 1990, the John Niven Further Education College was built on Academy Street in the town; it has since been absorbed into the Dumfries and Galloway
Dumfries and Galloway
College. Sport[edit] The town is the home of Stranraer
Stranraer
F.C., the local semi-professional football team who play at Stair Park. They currently play in the Scottish League One. The rugby team Wigtownshire
Wigtownshire
RFC are based in the town, playing at London Road Playing Fields, opposite Stair Park[23] and are currently in West League Division 2. Also at Stair Park
Stair Park
are BMX
BMX
and skateboarding ramps,[24] and all-weather tennis and netball courts. The town also has a swimming pool (with flume), fitness suite, gymnasium and large sports hall at the council-run Ryan Centre,[25] as well as other football fields, parks and all-weather multi-purpose pitches. Throughout the years, Stranraer
Stranraer
has also been a centre of excellence for Scottish curling. The town boasts the first hotel in the world with an indoor curling ice rink (North West Castle), and was the birthplace of Hammy McMillan, a World Champion curler, who continues to live in the town today. The town is host to a number of annual curling championships, including the Scottish Ladies Curling Championship and the World Juniors Curling
Curling
Championship.[26][27][28] There are also two lawn bowls clubs in Stranraer. Both clubs have won major national and international honours in recent years.[citation needed][when?] A small leisure boat marina was constructed in Stranraer
Stranraer
Harbour in 2008. Public services[edit] NHS Dumfries and Galloway
Dumfries and Galloway
provides healthcare services in the town. The Galloway Community Hospital opened in 2006 and replaced the Garrick and Dalrymple hospitals of the town. GP services are based in the Waverly Medical Centre, adjacent to the new hospital.[29] The town has several care homes for the elderly, the biggest being Thorneycroft on the edges of the town, run by the CIC company.[30] Media[edit] Local newspaper the Stranraer
Stranraer
and Wigtownshire
Wigtownshire
Free Press is based and printed in the town's St Andrews Street. The Galloway Gazette also covers the town and surrounding area.[31] Stranraer
Stranraer
falls in the ITV Border television area. The nearest radio station is based in Belfast; however, the nearest local station is based in Dumfries. West Sound FM broadcasts at 96.5FM in the town.[32] In June 2009, Stranraer
Stranraer
started the transition from analogue to digital television, making it one of the first areas in the country to do so, behind Workington and the Scottish Borders. This opened up a number of digital services for the town and the surrounding area, which previously struggled to get even the likes of Channel Five on their television sets. History[edit] The Battle of Loch Ryan
Loch Ryan
was fought near Stranraer
Stranraer
on 9/10 February 1307 during the Scottish Wars of Independence. King Robert I of Scotland's invasion of his ancestral lands in Annandale
Annandale
and Carrick began in 1307. The Annandale
Annandale
and Galloway invasion force was led by his brothers Alexander de Brus and Thomas de Brus, Malcolm McQuillan, Lord of Kintyre, an Irish sub-king and Sir Reginald de Crawford. The force consisted of 1,000 men and 18 galleys. They sailed into Loch Ryan and landed near Stranraer. The invasion force was quickly overwhelmed by local forces, led by Dungal MacDouall, who was a supporter of the Balliols, Comyns and King Edward I of England, and only two galleys escaped. All the leaders were captured. Dungal MacDouall summarily executed the Irish sub-king and Malcolm McQuillan, Lord of Kintyre. Alexander, Thomas and Reginald de Crawford were sent to Carlisle, England, where they were executed. The heads of McQuillan and two Irish chiefs were sent to King Edward I. On 12 November 1595, the "Clashant of Stranrawer" was named part of Ninian Adair's lands of Barony [33] and in 1596 was erected into a burgh of barony, the Barony of Kinhilt. This is recorded in the Register of the Great Seal of Scotland.[34] The partial translation into English is:

At Linlithgow, 12 November 1595, the King confirms and for faithful service again dedicates to Ninian Adair of Kinhilt, and the legitimate male heirs of his body, which failing his nearest legitimate male heirs whosoever bear the name and insignia of Adair[, various lands....] In addition, the King creates the village at Clauchane de Stranraer
Stranraer
as a free burgh of the barony with a free port, called the Burgh and Port of Stranraer; and the said Ninian etc shall have the authority to appoint a bailiff, treasurer, Dean of Guild, magistrate, burgesses, officials etc; and the burgesses shall have the authority and leave to pack and unpack [meaning the selling of bulk merchandise (wholesale trade) allowed by law only by free men in a free burgh], to buy and sell [also allowed only in a free burgh] etc; [...] and the said Ninian etc shall have authority to hold the position of governor of the said burgh, [...] to hold weekly markets on Saturday, with free (untaxed) market days twice a year, viz Saint Barnabas' day the 11th of June, and at Peter's Imprisonment called Lammas
Lammas
on the 1st of August, [...] and the said Ninian etc shall have authority over all the port customs of the said burgh raised by sea or land among the land tenents of the said burgh and support of the said port; and the said Ninian etc shall have authority to receive resignations of lands of the said burgh etc [i.e. recover his lands from towns people who choose to sell them or give them up]; from those persons whatsoever who chose to dispose of them; the townspeople may meet three times a week on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday.

By 1600, Stranraer
Stranraer
had become the market town for western Wigtownshire. At about this time, Stranraer
Stranraer
was reached by a military road built from Dumfries
Dumfries
to allow easier access to Portpatrick
Portpatrick
for transportation of people to Ireland for the "Plantation of Ulster". Stranraer
Stranraer
became a royal burgh in 1617. The first harbour in Stranraer
Stranraer
was built in the mid-18th century, with further port development in the 1820s. The arrival of the railway from Dumfries
Dumfries
in 1861 (closed 1965), giving the shortest journey to/from London, finally established Stranraer
Stranraer
as the area's main port. In 1862, the line was extended to serve the harbour directly, and a link to Portpatrick
Portpatrick
was also opened. In 1877, a rail connection north to Girvan
Girvan
and Glasgow
Glasgow
was also established. Stranraer
Stranraer
remained the main Scottish port for the Irish ferries for the next 150 years or so. On 31 January 1953, 133 people died when the Princess Victoria sank near Belfast
Belfast
Lough after its car deck was swamped by heavy seas. Stranraer
Stranraer
and its surrounding area saw a significant amount of activity during the Second World War, as it became a focus for anti-U-boat work. Flying boats operated from the area in an attempt to secure the waters of the North Channel and the south western coast of Scotland. Almost all of Britain's shipping imports passed through those two sea areas en route to the Clyde or the Mersey. Indeed, the flying boat Supermarine Stranraer
Supermarine Stranraer
is named after the town. Winston Churchill himself departed from Stranraer
Stranraer
in a Boeing Flying Boat on the night of 25 June 1942, when making his second visit of the war to the USA. Churchill also spent time at nearby Knockinaam Lodge during the war years. Stranraer
Stranraer
has an active local history trust, which publishes work on the area's history, commissioned from local authors.[35] Gallery[edit]

Stranraer
Stranraer
Museum occupies the Old Town Hall, built in 1777.

Panoramic view of Stranraer, as viewed from Gallowhill

Stranraer
Stranraer
and the shores of Loch Ryan, view from north-east end of town.

Part of the Dick's Hill area 2008

Stranraer
Stranraer
Castle (Castle of St John).

Dumfries and Galloway
Dumfries and Galloway
College's Stranraer
Stranraer
Campus, 2008

Stranraer
Stranraer
railway station.

Innermessan, near Stranraer.

Districts[edit]

Ailsa Gait Ailsa View Bishopburn Ochtrelure Sheuchan Parks / Liddesdale Stair Stranraer
Stranraer
Town West End

Outer districts[edit]

Auchtrelure Blackparks Culhorn Gallowhill Inchparks Innermessan Sandmill Soulseat

Cultural references[edit]

The song "Cap In Hand" by The Proclaimers
The Proclaimers
says "I can understand why Stranraer
Stranraer
lie so lowly, they could save a lot of points by signing Hibs' goalie", a reference to goalkeeper Andy Goram, and to Stranraer FC's poor league position at the time the song was written.[36] In the fourth episode of the BBC Radio 4
BBC Radio 4
series Knowing Me, Knowing You... with Alan Partridge, one of the guests was the 'Duchess of Stranraer'.[37] No such title exists. Stranraer
Stranraer
has featured in Peter Kay's Channel 4
Channel 4
Phoenix Nights
Phoenix Nights
series, albeit only by name. One character, Alan, is said to be stuck in Stranraer
Stranraer
with his lorry and not at the club.[38] Stranraer
Stranraer
is mentioned in season 3 episode 7 of Sons of Anarchy. BBC TV 2000 Acres of Sky (starring Paul Kaye
Paul Kaye
& Ex-Eastenders star Michelle Collins
Michelle Collins
was filmed in & around Stranraer
Stranraer
(village in the show was Portlogan approx. 13 miles to the south on coast)

Notable people[edit]

David Broadfoot, hero of the 1953 Princess Victoria sinking Sir James Caird, agricultural writer and politician Colin Calderwood, football player and manager James Dalrymple, 1st Viscount of Stair, jurist and author of the Institutions of the Laws of Scotland John Dalrymple, 1st Earl of Stair, sat as MP for the Burgh of Stranraer
Stranraer
in the 1689 Convention Parliament Thomas Hamilton, recipient of the Victoria Cross Leander Starr Jameson, leader of the Jameson Raid, a precursor of the Second Boer War, and Prime Minister of the Cape Colony, and editor of the Wigtownshire
Wigtownshire
Free Press Robert William Jameson, author, editor of the Wigtownshire
Wigtownshire
Free Press, and father of Leander Starr Jameson Allan Jenkins, footballer Sir John Noble Kennedy, army officer, author and colonial governor William King, author, Slayer novels and Space Wolves, favoured by tabletop gamers Keith Knox, footballer Kevin Kyle, footballer Allan Little, BBC foreign correspondent John Claudius Loudon, landscape gardener and horticultural writer, who laid out the grounds at Castle Kennedy
Castle Kennedy
in 1841 Rory Loy, footballer Robert McDouall, officer, Napoleonic Wars William McFadzean, Baron McFadzean, industrialist and President of the Federation of British Industries Hammy McMillan, World Curling
Curling
Champion, 1999 Shaun McSkimming, footballer James Mavor, economist, economic historian and Professor of Political Economy and Constitutional History at the University of Toronto John Rennie, naval architect Sir John Ross, polar explorer Dame Leslie Strathie, Chief Executive of HM Revenue and Customs Peter Wilson, World Junior Curling
Curling
champion, 1981 Craig Hamilton, Rugby Player Vicki Adams, Olympic Medalist Curling

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Stranraer.

See also[edit]

Stranraer
Stranraer
(Parliament of Scotland
Scotland
constituency)

References[edit]

^ Ainmean-Àite na h-Alba ~ Gaelic Place-names of Scotland ^ Scots Language Centre: Scottish Place Names in Scots ^ Stranraer
Stranraer
at Oxford Dictionaries Online ^ " Stranraer
Stranraer
harbour bids farewell to ferries". BBC News. 18 November 2011.  ^ "Gaelic Place-Names of Scotland
Scotland
database". Ainmean-Àite na h-Alba. Retrieved 22 April 2017.  ^ http://stataccscot.edina.ac.uk/static/statacc/dist/parish/Wigton/Stranraer ^ Stagecoach West Scotland
Scotland
Archived 2008-07-14 at the Wayback Machine. ^ James King Coaches Archived 2008-04-22 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Irvine ^ McCulloch's Coaches ^ Dumfries and Galloway
Dumfries and Galloway
Council Archived 2012-03-04 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Nearest Airport to Stranraer". Travel Math. Retrieved 29 December 2011.  ^ " Stranraer
Stranraer
and Loch Ryan
Loch Ryan
Waterfront: Development Framework" Dumfries and Galloway Council. Archived 2012-03-04 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Regenerating Stranraer" Dumfries and Galloway
Dumfries and Galloway
Council. ^ " Stranraer
Stranraer
Museum". Dumfries and Galloway
Dumfries and Galloway
Council. ^ Museum Galleries Scotland ^ ElectricScotland ^ North West Castle ^ Castle Kennedy
Castle Kennedy
Gardens ^ Glenwhan Gardens ^ The Robert the Bruce Trail brochure ^ Stranraer
Stranraer
Museum ^ Location of Wigtownshire
Wigtownshire
RFC pitch, Pitchero.com ^ Dumfries and Galloway
Dumfries and Galloway
Council; see item 6. ^ The Ryan Centre Dumfries and Galloway
Dumfries and Galloway
Community ^ Westbrook, Kieran (11 March 2011) "Lockerbie and Stranraer
Stranraer
curlers in World Juniors Final". Dumfries and Galloway
Dumfries and Galloway
Standard. ^ (28 February 2011) "Vicki takes Scottish title". Galloway Gazette. ^ (20 March 2011) "Top of the World". Galloway Gazette. ^ Waverly Medical Centre ^ Care Homes – Thorneycroft ^ The Galloway Gazette ^ West Sound FM ^ "Hereditary Sheriffs of Galloway" at Openlibrary.org ^ Register Great Seal of Scotland, vol. 6, pp. 123-124. ^ Local history trust ^ "Cap In Hand Lyrics" by The Proclaimers ^ "Knowing Me Knowing You... with Alan Partridge" – Programme Four. BBC. ^ Phoenix Nights

Further reading[edit]

Cowsill, Miles (1998). Stranraer–Larne: The Car Ferry Era. Narberth, Pembrokeshire: Ferry Publications. ISBN 1871947405. 

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Stranraer.

v t e

Civil parishes in Dumfries
Dumfries
and Galloway

Dumfriesshire

Annan Applegarth Caerlaverock Canonbie Closeburn Cummertrees Dalton Dornock Dryfesdale Dumfries Dunscore Durisdeer Eskdalemuir Ewes Glencairn Gretna Half Morton Hoddom Holywood Hutton and Corrie Johnstone Keir Kirkconnel Kirkmahoe Kirkmichael Kirkpatrick-Fleming Kirkpatrick-Juxta Langholm Lochmaben Middlebie Moffat Morton Mouswald Penpont Ruthwell Sanquhar St Mungo Tinwald Torthorwald Tundergarth Tynron Wamphray Westerkirk

Kirkcudbrightshire

Anwoth Balmaclellan Balmaghie Borgue Buittle Carsphairn Colvend and Southwick Crossmichael Dalry Girthon Kells Kelton Kirkbean Kirkcudbright Kirkgunzeon Kirkmabreck Kirkpatrick Durham Kirkpatrick Irongray Lochrutton Minnigaff New Abbey Parton Rerrick Terregles Tongland Troqueer Twynholm Urr

Wigtownshire

Inch Glasserton Kirkcolm Kirkcowan Kirkinner Kirkmaiden Leswalt Mochrum New Luce Old Luce Penninghame Portpatrick Sorbie Stoneykirk Stranraer Whithorn Wigtown

v t e

Places in the Rhins of Galloway, Scotland

North to South

Kirkcolm Cairnryan Leswalt Stranraer Castle Kennedy Lochans Portpatrick Stoneykirk Sandhead Clachanmore Ardwell Port Logan Kirkmaiden Drummore Mull of Galloway

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIA

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