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The Story Bridge
Story Bridge
is a heritage-listed steel cantilever bridge spanning the Brisbane River
Brisbane River
that carries vehicular, bicycle and pedestrian traffic between the northern and the southern suburbs of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. It is the longest cantilever bridge in Australia. The road across the bridge is named Bradfield Highway. The bridge connects Fortitude Valley
Fortitude Valley
to Kangaroo Point. The Story Bridge
Story Bridge
opened in 1940 and was tolled until 1947. It is named after prominent public servant, John Douglas Story.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Planning 1.2 Construction 1.3 Naming

2 Operations 3 Maintenance 4 Role in contemporary Brisbane 5 Suicides 6 Heritage listing 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

History[edit] Given the early settlement of Kangaroo Point, there is a long history of residents wanting a bridge between the Brisbane
Brisbane
CBD and Kangaroo Point. Even while the first Victoria Bridge was being constructed between North Brisbane
Brisbane
and South Brisbane
Brisbane
in 1865, several hundred people were petitioning for a second bridge to be built from the Customs House to Kangaroo Point.[1] In 1888, a meeting was held in the Brisbane
Brisbane
Town Hall to demand a bridge connecting either George Street, Albert Street or Edward Street via the City Botanic Gardens
City Botanic Gardens
with any loss of the land from the gardens to be potentially compensated by removing Government House.[2] Planning[edit] A bridge downstream of the Victoria Bridge was part of a larger plan, devised by Professor Roger Hawken
Roger Hawken
of the University of Queensland
Queensland
in the 1920s, for a series of bridges over the Brisbane River
Brisbane River
to alleviate congestion on Victoria Bridge and to divert traffic away from the Brisbane
Brisbane
central business district. The William Jolly Bridge was the first of the Hawken Plan bridges to be constructed. Lack of funds precluded the construction of the downstream bridge at that time. Initially plans called for a transporter bridge further downstream near New Farm. In 1926 Kangaroo Point was recommended by the Brisbane
Brisbane
City Council's Cross River Commission.[3] Subsequently the bridge was constructed as a public works program during the Great Depression. The cost was to be no more than ₤1.6 million.[4]

Plans for the " Brisbane River
Brisbane River
Bridge", circa 1934

Construction[edit]

The bridge under construction.

Before the opening of the Sydney Harbour Bridge
Sydney Harbour Bridge
in 1932 the Government of Queensland
Queensland
asked John Bradfield to design a new bridge in Brisbane. The Queensland
Queensland
Government appointed John Bradfield on 15 December 1933 as consulting engineer to the Bureau of Industry who were in charge of the construction of the bridge. In June 1934 Bradfield's recommendation of a steel cantilever bridge was approved. The design for the bridge was based heavily on that of the Jacques Cartier Bridge in Montreal, completed in 1930.[3] On 30 April 1935 a consortium of two Queensland
Queensland
companies, Evans Deakin
Evans Deakin
and Hornibrook Constructions, won the tender with a bid of ₤1,150,000.[5][6]

Governor of Queensland
Queensland
Sir Leslie Orme Wilson
Leslie Orme Wilson
and consulting engineer John Bradfield inspecting the bridge, 7 July 1938

Construction on the bridge began on 24 May 1935,[5] with the first sod being turned by the then Premier of Queensland, William Forgan Smith. Components for the bridge were fabricated in a purpose-built factory at Rocklea. Work sometimes continued 24 hours per day.[4] The bridge has only one pier on the northern bank but two piers on the lower southern bank, one to bear the weight (the main pier) and, further to the south, one to prevent the bridge from twisting (the anchor pier). There was no need for an anchor pier on the northern bank as the bridge was anchored into schist cliff face. The major challenge in constructing the bridge was the southern foundations that went 40 metres below ground level. It was not possible to excavate to that level as water from the level would rapidly seep in. So a pneumatic caisson technique had to be used. As men were working under pressures of up to 4 times normal air pressure, a decompression period of almost 2 hours was needed at the end of each shift to avoid the bends. An on-site air lock hospital successfully treated the 65 cases of the bends that occurred.[6] On 28 October 1939 the gap between the two sides was closed.[5] A concrete decking was then laid, covered by a Trinidad pitch topping. The bridge was painted and sodium lighting was installed. The bridge approaches were also prepared.[6] Three men died during the construction of the bridge.[7] On 22 November 1937, Hans James Zimmerman slipped and fell 75 feet to the ground.[8] On 7 February 1939, Alfred William Jackson fell from the bridge into the river. Although pulled from the water alive, he died 4 hours later in hospital without regaining consciousness.[9] On 6 December 1939, Arthur McKay (Max) Wharton was hit by a piece of equipment on a nerve and made him faint, falling from the bridge to the water; 18 months earlier Wharton had been hailed as a hero for saving another worker from falling from the bridge.[10] Naming[edit] Until it was completed the bridge was known as the Jubilee Bridge in honour of King George V.[3] It was opened on 6 July 1940 by Sir Leslie Orme Wilson, Governor of Queensland
Queensland
and named after John Douglas Story, a senior and influential public servant who had advocated strongly for the bridge's construction.[5] Operations[edit]

Play media

Time-lapse of Brisbane
Brisbane
and Story Bridge

Toll booth, 1941

The bridge carries an average of 97,000 vehicles each day.[11] The Story Bridge
Story Bridge
carries three lanes of traffic in either direction as well as a shared pedestrian and cycle way flanking each side. The road on the bridge is called the Bradfield Highway. It is not to be confused with the Bradfield Highway that spans the Sydney Harbour Bridge. Initially a toll of sixpence (5 cents) was charged to use the bridge,[4] with toll booths constructed at the southern end of the Bradfield Highway. The toll was removed in 1947.[12] Between 1952 and 1969 trolley-buses operated by the Brisbane
Brisbane
City Council used the bridge. Following completion of the bridge, an expressway was constructed on the southern side of the bridge (opened 18 May 1970),[13] and a tunnel/loop was constructed at Kemp Place on the northern side (completed 10 July 1972).[14]

Maintenance[edit]

Riverfestival
Riverfestival
at Story Bridge

Story Bridge
Story Bridge
and part of the Brisbane
Brisbane
skyline, May 2013.

The Story Bridge
Story Bridge
was closed to traffic from midnight of Friday 3 January 2014 until 5.30 a.m. Monday, 6 January 2014, for essential maintenance work of resurfacing all six lanes.[15][16] The previous resurfacing works were undertaken in 1994.[16] Role in contemporary Brisbane[edit] The Story Bridge
Story Bridge
features prominently in the annual Riverfire display and is illuminated at night. In 1990 road traffic was halted so pedestrians could celebrate the 50th anniversary of the bridge's construction.[4] The bridge was again closed to road traffic on 5 July 2015 to celebrate the 75th anniversary. The celebration attracted almost 75,000 visitors to the bridge who enjoyed food, drink and entertainment as they walked across lanes usually reserved for vehicles.[17] Bridge climbs began in 2005 and have become a popular tourist attraction. Suicides[edit] Similar to many large bridges such as the Golden Gate Bridge
Golden Gate Bridge
in San Francisco, Brisbane's Story Bridge
Story Bridge
has become notorious as a suicide hotspot.[18] Following two high-profile murder-suicides from the bridge in 2011 and 2012, Brisbane
Brisbane
Lord Mayor Graham Quirk announced plans to install free telephones linked to suicide prevention hotlines.[18] On 6 February 2013, Lord Mayor Quirk announced plans to install a three-metre-high safety barrier. Overall the plan cost about $8.4 million and was completed in December 2015.[19] Heritage listing[edit] The bridge was listed on the Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Register in 1992.[20] In 1988, the bridge received a Historic Engineering Marker from Engineers Australia.[21] In 2009 as part of the Q150
Q150
celebrations, the Story Bridge
Story Bridge
was announced as one of the Q150
Q150
Icons of Queensland
Queensland
for its role as a "structure and engineering feat".[22] See also[edit]

Architecture portal Bridges portal Queensland
Queensland
portal

Australian landmarks Clem Jones Tunnel Jacques-Cartier Bridge

References[edit]

^ "TOOWOOMBA". The Brisbane
Brisbane
Courier. 16 March 1865. p. 2. Retrieved 6 August 2015 – via National Library of Australia.  ^ " Brisbane River
Brisbane River
Bridge". The Telegraph. Brisbane. 3 November 1888. p. 2. Retrieved 6 August 2015 – via National Library of Australia.  ^ a b c Gregory, Helen (2007). Brisbane
Brisbane
Then and Now. Wingfield, South Australia: Salamander Books. p. 92. ISBN 978-1-74173-011-1.  ^ a b c d Hacker, D. R. (1999). Petries Bight: a Slice of Brisbane History. Bowen Hills, Queensland: Queensland
Queensland
Women's Historical Association Inc. pp. 45—46. ISBN 0-9590271-8-1.  ^ a b c d Hogan, Janet (1982). Living History of Brisbane. Spring Hill, Queensland: Boolarong Publications. p. 109. ISBN 0-908175-41-8.  ^ a b c 'Story Bridge: Idea to Icon' by Michael Moy, published Alpha Orion Press, Brisbane, 2005 ^ "Bridge Cost Three Men Their Lives". The Courier-Mail
The Courier-Mail
(2129). Brisbane. 29 June 1940. p. 18. Retrieved 8 June 2017 – via National Library of Australia.  ^ "FIRST STORY BRIDGE FATALITY". Queensland
Queensland
Times. LXXVIII (15,915). 23 November 1937. p. 7 (DAILY.). Retrieved 3 August 2017 – via National Library of Australia.  ^ "CARPENTER FALLS FROM STORY BRIDGE". The Central Queensland
Queensland
Herald. 10 (477). 9 February 1939. p. 41. Retrieved 3 August 2017 – via National Library of Australia.  ^ "100 ft. Death Fall From New Bridge". The Telegraph. Brisbane. 6 December 1939. p. 1 (CITY FINAL LAST MINUTE NEWS). Retrieved 3 August 2017 – via National Library of Australia.  ^ Kim Stephens & Cameron Atfield (2 January 2014). "Heatwave could see Brisbane
Brisbane
reach 40 degrees". Brisbane
Brisbane
Times. Retrieved 2 January 2014.  ^ Brisbane
Brisbane
150 Stories. Brisbane
Brisbane
City Council Publication. 2009. p. 183. ISBN 978-1-876091-60-6.  ^ Leighton Holdings Newsletter Archived 30 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine., June 1970 ^ Leighton Holdings Newsletter Archived 30 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine., August 1972 ^ Story Bridge
Story Bridge
to close for roadworks the first weekend of 2014 The Courier-Mail news article ^ a b Story Bridge
Story Bridge
resurfacing works Archived 14 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine. – Brisbane
Brisbane
City Council ^ Atfield, Cameron. "Thousands flock to Story Bridge
Story Bridge
75th birthday celebrations". Brisbane
Brisbane
Times. Retrieved 7 July 2015.  ^ a b " Brisbane
Brisbane
Times news article". Retrieved 21 February 2012.  ^ "Safety barriers for Story Bridge". Retrieved 6 February 2013.  ^ " Story Bridge
Story Bridge
(entry 601732)". Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Register. Queensland
Queensland
Heritage Council. Retrieved 11 July 2014.  ^ "Story Bridge, Brisbane
Brisbane
River, 1940-". Engineers Australia. Retrieved 2016-09-09.  ^ Bligh, Anna (10 June 2009). "PREMIER UNVEILS QUEENSLAND'S 150 ICONS". Queensland
Queensland
Government. Archived from the original on 24 May 2017. Retrieved 24 May 2017. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Story Bridge, Brisbane.

Story Bridge
Story Bridge
at Structurae Story Bridge
Story Bridge
under construction, 1939 This photo is held by John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland. Image number: 185055 Brisbane
Brisbane
City Council - Captain Burke Park under the Bridge[permanent dead link] View on Google Maps – includes a short video. Urban design review of Story Bridge
Story Bridge
on citymakers.org

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