The Info List - Stoke Mandeville Hospital

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Stoke Mandeville
Stoke Mandeville
Hospital is a large National Health Service
National Health Service
(NHS) hospital in Aylesbury, England. It is part of Buckinghamshire Healthcare NHS Trust. The hospital's National Spinal Injuries Centre is one of the largest specialist spinal units in the world, and the pioneering rehabilitation work carried out there by Sir Ludwig Guttmann
Sir Ludwig Guttmann
led to the development of the Paralympic Games. Mandeville, one of the official mascots for the 2012 Summer Olympics
2012 Summer Olympics
and Paralympics in London, was named in honour of the hospital's contribution to Paralympic sports.[1]


1 History

1.1 Foundation 1.2 World War II: Spinal Injuries Clinic foundation 1.3 Post war

2 Historic sexual abuse at the hospital 3 Criticism 4 Facilities

4.1 Transport links

5 Stoke Mandeville
Stoke Mandeville
Hospital Radio 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

History[edit] Foundation[edit] In the early 1830s the village of Stoke Mandeville
Stoke Mandeville
was badly affected by cholera epidemics that swept across England. A cholera hospital was established on the parish border between Stoke Mandeville
Stoke Mandeville
and Aylesbury.[2] World War II: Spinal Injuries Clinic foundation[edit] In September 1943 the government asked German-expatriate spinal injuries specialist Dr Ludwig Guttmann to establish the National Spinal Injuries Centre at Stoke Mandeville
Stoke Mandeville
Hospital.[3] The centre opened on 1 February 1944, and Guttmann was appointed its director (a position he held until 1946). As director of the UK's first specialist unit for treating spinal injuries, he believed that sport was a major method of therapy for injured military personnel helping them build up physical strength and self-respect. Guttmann became a naturalised citizen of the United Kingdom in 1945.[4] Guttmann organised the first Stoke Mandeville
Stoke Mandeville
Games for disabled personnel on 28 July 1948, the same day as the start of the London 1948 Summer Olympics.[5] The games were held again at the same location in 1952, and Dutch World War II veterans took part alongside the British, making it the first international competition of its kind. These Stoke Mandeville Games have been described as the precursors of the Paralympic Games. The Paralympics were subsequently officialised as a quadrennial event tied to the Olympic Games, and the first Paralympic Games, no longer open solely to war veterans, were held in Rome in 1960.[5] Post war[edit] In 1948 the NHS was founded and all operations were moved from the Royal Bucks to Stoke Mandeville, making it the main hospital in Aylesbury. Aylesbury
had, by this time, grown to such an extent that the hospital became a part of the town. Throughout the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s the hospital was added to extensively and the new Accident and Emergency Unit was opened. Also during this period Stoke Mandeville
Stoke Mandeville
Stadium was developed alongside the hospital and is the National Centre for Disability Sport in the United Kingdom, enhancing the hospital as a world centre for paraplegics and spinal injuries. The hospital was visited by Diana, Princess of Wales
Diana, Princess of Wales
who opened the new International Spinal Injuries Centre when it was refurbished in August 1983.[6] A new maternity unit was opened in 2009.[7] A redevelopment scheme over much of the site was procured under a Private Finance Initiative contract in 2004. The construction work was carried out by Alfred McAlpine and completed in 2006.[8] Sodexo
was contracted to carry out the facilities management services on the site.[8] Historic sexual abuse at the hospital[edit] The joint Metropolitan Police Service
Metropolitan Police Service
and National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children report of the investigations into sexual abuse committed by disc jockey Jimmy Savile
Jimmy Savile
found that Savile, who was a valued fundraiser for the institution, committed offences there between 1965 and 1988. Twenty-two offences there between those dates have been formally recorded as crimes by the police.[9] A former child patient at the hospital has said that nurses warned her to stay in bed and pretend to be asleep when Savile was due to visit.[10] Dr Michael Salmon, consultant paediatrician at Stoke Mandeville hospital, was convicted and jailed for three years in 1990 for indecent assaults on teenaged girl patients, two thirteen-year-olds and one sixteen-year-old girl.[11] In the aftermath of the Savile scandal, Salmon was arrested as part of Operation Yewtree
Operation Yewtree
on 17 December 2013. He was subsequently convicted of nine indecent assaults and two rapes, with victims' ages ranging from eleven to eighteen and having occurred between 1973 and 1988 and was sentenced to 18 years in prison. Despite working at the hospital at the same time as Savile, there is no known link between the two.[12] Salmon was also convicted of 14 charges in December 2016 and received an additional sentence of four years in prison.[13] Independent investigator Dr Androulla Johnstone published a report on Savile's activities at the hospital on 26 February 2015. The report found that he had sexually abused more than 50 people there, including staff, patients and visitors; one was an eight-year-old child. Savile had full access to all parts of the hospital. The report stated that it was widely known at the hospital that Savile was a "sex pest", and that 10 complaints had been made at the time, but no action was taken.[14] The report also found that three doctors, including Salmon, had been convicted of sex crimes against their patients in the preceding four decades.[15] Criticism[edit] On 27 February 2013, Buckinghamshire disability charity BuDS announced that it was compiling a dossier of evidence about risks to patient safety at Stoke Mandeville
Stoke Mandeville
hospital to send to the Care Quality Commission. The charity claimed that it had received "alarming reports from various sources ... expressing serious concerns about patient safety at the hospital".[16][17] Bucks Healthcare NHS Trust responded by saying "it was ‘somewhat irresponsible of BuDS to potentially worry patients by hinting at patient safety issues at the hospital". The charity, however, defended its action and said “BuDS wanted to give staff, patients and visitors at Stoke Mandeville
Stoke Mandeville
hospital a wholly anonymous way to report any concerns they might have".[18] On 20 April 2013 the CQC published a report after an unannounced inspection at the hospital. It found that the hospital did not meet the standards for staffing levels and for providing support to staff. Enforcement action was taken regarding supporting staff and a warning notice was served.[19] Facilities[edit] The facilities at the hospital include:[20]

Ward Number/Name Speciality

1 Trauma and Orthopaedic

2 Trauma and Orthopaedic

3 Paediatrics

4 Gastroenterology & General Medicine

5 Cancer and Haematology

6 Respiratory & General Medicine

7 Endocrinology & General Medicine

8 Medicine for the elderly

9 Short Stay

10/Medical assessment unit (MAU) Emergency admissions

Burns Unit Burns and Plastic Surgery

15 Acute Surgical

16 A General Surgery, Plastic Surgery

16 B General Surgery, Plastic Surgery

CDU Clinical Decisions Unit


22 Discharge lounge, DVT clinic, overflow

Eye ward Ophthalmology and overflow

Transport links[edit] The hospital is served by the London to Aylesbury
Line and the Princes Risborough to Aylesbury
Line from Aylesbury
railway station. There are bus services connecting the hospital with Aylesbury
and High Wycombe run by Arriva and also with Leighton Buzzard.[21] Stoke Mandeville
Stoke Mandeville
Hospital Radio[edit]

Stoke Mandeville
Stoke Mandeville
Hospital Radio

Broadcast area Stoke Mandeville
Stoke Mandeville

Frequency AM (MW): 1575 kHz[22]

First air date 7:30pm December 4th, 1978[23]

Format Hospital

Website www.smhr.co.uk

Stoke Mandeville
Stoke Mandeville
Hospital Radio (SMHR) is a non-profit hospital radio station which was founded on 4 December 1978. It is located within the hospital complex and provides a 24-hour radio service to the patients and staff streaming its service online, on 1575 MW and through the use of their mobile device app, SMHR which was released in 2015.[23][24] In 1997, it was one of two hospital radio stations in the UK (the other being Radio Tyneside) to be awarded a temporary AM broadcasting licence from the Radio Authority
Radio Authority
(became Ofcom
in 2003) as part of a pioneering trial as per the then recent passed Broadcasting Act. The success of the experiment led to the station, along with Tyneside Radio and many others, gaining a permanent broadcasting licence.[23][25] See also[edit]

List of hospitals in England 2012 Olympics gold post boxes in the United Kingdom


^ "London 2012 unveils Games mascots Wenlock & Mandeville". BBC News. 19 May 2010.  ^ "The Vale of Aylesbury
Plan: Stoke Mandeville
Stoke Mandeville
Fact Pack" (PDF). Aylesbury
Vale District Council. p. 8. Retrieved 2 April 2018.  ^ "Professor Sir Ludwig Guttmann". Retrieved 17 August 2012.  ^ Edited by Vanlandewijck, Yves C. Thompson, Walter R.(2011) The Paralympic Athlete: Handbook of Sports Medicine and Science (An IOC Medical Commission publication). Wiley-Blackwell. Chapter 1: Background to the Paralytic movement. ISBN 978-1-4443-3404-3. Google Book Search. Retrieved on 25 August 2012 ^ a b Randi Druzin (September 5, 2008). "Paralympics traces roots to Second World War". CBC Sports. Retrieved 2 April 2018.  ^ "Slideshow: Memories of Princess Diana come flooding back to the Vale". Bucks Herald. 29 August 2007. Retrieved 2 April 2018.  ^ "Staff gearing up for changes to maternity services at Stoke Mandeville Hospital", Buckinghamshire Healthcare NHS Trust, 15 October 2009 ^ a b "HICL announces additional investments in 4 existing projects". InfraRed. 6 August 2012. Retrieved 2 April 2018.  ^ "Giving Victims a Voice" (PDF). Crown Prosecution Service. p. 36. Retrieved 8 May 2013.  ^ "Nurses used to 'dread' Savile hospital visits". ITV.com. Retrieved 8 May 2013.  ^ " Jimmy Savile
Jimmy Savile
inquiry looking at alleged sexual abuse by three doctors". The Guardian. 24 October 2012. Retrieved 8 May 2013.  ^ "Doctor, 80, guilty of sex attacks on young girls at Jimmy Savile hospital". Express. 7 February 2015. Retrieved 9 February 2015.  ^ " Stoke Mandeville
Stoke Mandeville
abuse: Ex-doctor Michael Salmon jailed". BBC. 19 December 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2018.  ^ Titheradge, Noel (26 February 2015). "Savile abuse: Stoke Mandeville staff 'were told'". BBC News. Retrieved 26 February 2015.  ^ Gallagher, Paul (27 February 2015). "Jimmy Savile: Schemes allowing volunteers to work in NHS' could lead to more abuse cases". The Independent. Retrieved 26 February 2015.  ^ "Buckinghamshire Disability Service (BuDS)". Archived from the original on 14 May 2013. Retrieved 2 May 2013.  ^ "Charity: Stoke Mandeville
Stoke Mandeville
hospital staff concerned over safety". Bucks Free Press. 5 March 2013. Retrieved 2 May 2013.  ^ "Disability charity slams Bucks Healthcare Trust's criticism of anonymous report". Bucks Herald. 2 May 2013. Retrieved 2 May 2013.  ^ "Inspection Report 20 April 2013". Care Quality Commission. Retrieved 2 May 2013.  ^ " Stoke Mandeville
Stoke Mandeville
Hospital". Bucks Healthcare. Retrieved 2 April 2018.  ^ " Aylesbury
to Stoke Mandeville
Stoke Mandeville
Hospital". Arriva. Retrieved 2 April 2018.  ^ "Long term RSLs Stoke Mandeville
Stoke Mandeville
Hospital Radio". Ofcom. Retrieved 17 December 2015.  ^ a b c " Stoke Mandeville
Stoke Mandeville
Hospital Radio - Station History". Retrieved 27 May 2015.  ^ "SMHR". - Android Apps on Google Play. Retrieved 28 July 2015.  ^ Meg Carter (2003). Independent Radio: the First 30 Years Paperback (PDF) (1st ed.). Radio Authority
Radio Authority
(Ofcom). p. 10. Retrieved 17 December 2015. 

External links[edit]

Wikinews has related news: :Patient in Buckinghamshire hospital was treated in toilet, inquiry hears

Buckinghamshire Healthcare Stoke Mandeville
Stoke Mandeville
Stadium Stoke Mandeville
Stoke Mandeville
Spinal Foundation Stoke Mandevi