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Stoke-upon-Trent, commonly called Stoke, is a component town of the city of Stoke-on-Trent, in Staffordshire, England. The town was incorporated as a municipal borough in 1874 and is one of six that federated to form the county borough of Stoke-on-Trent
Stoke-on-Trent
in 1910, along with Hanley, Tunstall, Burslem, Longton and Fenton. It is the seat of the city's council, though Stoke-on-Trent's city centre is usually regarded as being the nearby town of Hanley which, since federation, has been the most commercially important of the six towns.

Contents

1 Name

1.1 Renaming proposals

2 Growth of Stoke and its transport links 3 King's Hall 4 Stoke Market 5 The Potteries 6 Stoke today 7 References 8 Further reading

Name[edit] On 1 April 1910, the town was federated into the county borough of Stoke-on-Trent. By 1925 the area was granted city status. Confusion can arise over the similarity of this town's name to that of the larger city. If the new borough had to be named after one of the original towns, the main reason for using "Stoke" is that this was where the new town's administration was sited, which in turn was because Stoke had the main transport links. The river, canal, mainline railway, and trunk road passed through the centre of Stoke. Stoke also had the main railway station (other towns were connected by the "loop" line) making the name of Stoke perhaps the most familiar outside the area. It made sense to name the city after the oldest and most commonly recognised name, even though it was not then the most significant town from a commercial perspective. (The commercial centre was Hanley, elevated and therefore relatively free, for most of the year, of the city's smog and smoke.)[citation needed] Renaming proposals[edit] Owing to the confusion between the town of Stoke and the larger city, there have been various calls, mainly amongst business leaders and academics, to rename either the town or the larger city. Proposals for the renamed town include Old Stoke, Stoke Minster
Stoke Minster
and Stoke Town. There are also proposals to rename part of Hanley to Stoke-on-Trent City Centre. Growth of Stoke and its transport links[edit] Stoke was located where the upper reaches of the Trent meets the Fowlea Brook. The later Roman road
Roman road
through Stoke remained the basis for local road transport long after the Roman occupation. The Anglian name given to this ancient place of meeting and worship was the 'stoc' (meeting place) on the Trent. It was the site of the first church in the area, built of wood around the year 670 by missionaries from Lindisfarne, later rebuilt in stone, and now known as Stoke Minster.[1] A significant small town grew up around this church. In the 18th century, the "Grand Trunk" canal came along the Trent valley to carry china clay from Cornwall
Cornwall
cheaply to the Potteries (and pottery safely away). Many of the promoters of the canal were pottery magnates. In the 19th century, the railways, too, came along the valley. The mainline Stoke-on-Trent
Stoke-on-Trent
railway station was opened by the North Staffordshire
Staffordshire
Railway (NSR) on 9 October 1848, replacing the temporary station sited at Whieldon Road which was constructed for the opening of the first NSR line on 17 April 1848. Travellers to the region would change trains at Stoke for local trains to their ticketed destination. King's Hall[edit]

King's Hall, Stoke

The assembly hall, ballroom, exhibition hall and theatre built in 1910–11 at the time of the federation to the design of T. Wallis and J.A. Bowater and with an impressive 19-bay dressed stone frontage on Kingsway behind the Town Hall. It has proved itself to be a useful adjunct to the Town Hall of 1834–50. This was built on Glebe Street, opposite the parish church to the design of Henry Ward.[2] The entire Town Hall–King's Hall complex serves the city of Stoke-on-Trent
Stoke-on-Trent
well as its chief administrative offices, including the Lord Mayor's Parlour combined with all the facilities of the King's Hall for the city's formal entertainment. Stoke Market[edit] Stoke has held markets in various locations in the town since 1818. A market was set up within the newly built town hall in the 1830s, but this did not prove popular with the market traders of the time and in 1845 the market moved to Hide Street (the building can still be seen today). In 1883 the market relocated to a larger purpose built building fronting Church Street 'befitting its town status'. This Victorian market was all but destroyed by a fire that started on F.A. Cup final day (22 May 1982).[3] Only the clock tower, entrance arch, fish section and shop frontage was saved. The current market in South Wolfe Street was opened in 1984. The former market site with its clock tower was block paved for use as an outdoor trading/event space, and a library and one-stop shop has also been added to the site. The Potteries[edit] See also: Brown-Westhead, Moore & Co In the 19th century, Stoke had a thriving pottery industry, hence its nickname, "The Potteries". Since the last half of the 20th century, however, almost all of the bottle-shaped kilns have been taken down, due to regulations from the Clean Air Act – an estimated 4,000 bottle kilns in the heyday of the pottery industry, today reduced to a mere 46. Successful Stoke-upon-Trent
Stoke-upon-Trent
potters include Spode, Copeland, Minton and Biltons. Stoke today[edit] Although Stoke is surpassed by its neighbouring town, Hanley in terms of size, population, and shops, it does have:

Stoke Minster[1] the same (abbreviated) name as the City the mainline railway station the main campus of Staffordshire
Staffordshire
University and its library (on the original site of the Staffordshire
Staffordshire
Cricket Club grounds) and the halls of residence (these latter are located on riverside land that was originally part of Hanley). a long-established purpose-built art house cinema, The Film Theatre. a purpose-built repertory theatre[1] the Trent & Mersey canal & its National Cycle Network long-distance bicycle paths (NCN Route 5) the main complex of Council offices & chamber – clustered in and around the Town Hall the EU-funded Stoke Approach area and the outdoor artworks The King's Hall music & events venue a free public lending library the outdoor and indoor markets The Spode
Spode
Copeland pottery factory, disused since 2008 but in August 2010 at the start of a £25m regeneration programme. The Villas, the first conservation area in Stoke, containing several Grade II listed houses The University Hospital of North Staffordshire
Staffordshire
and the City General Hospital, as well as the Central Outpatients Department, is nearby. This is one, if not the, largest hospitals in the UK. Stoke has a thriving music scene, including such bands as Deviant UK and a dedicated band rehearsals room.

Outlying townships or districts within the bounds of Stoke-upon-Trent include Boothen, Hartshill, Mount Pleasant, Penkhull
Penkhull
and Trent Vale. References[edit]

^ a b " Stoke Minster
Stoke Minster
website".  ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus (1974). The Buildings of England
England
– Staffordshire. Penguin. p. 262. ISBN 0-14-071046-9.  ^ http://www.stoke.gov.uk/ccm/content/leisure-and-culture/markets/stoke-market.en;jsessionid=aUDbagmLmyh_

Further reading[edit]

Robert Donald, ed. (1908). "Stoke-upon-Trent". Municipal Year Book of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
for 1908. London: Edward Lloyd.  "Stoke-on-Trent", Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.), New York: Encyclopædia Britannica Co., 1910, OCLC 14782424 

v t e

City and Unitary Authority area of Stoke-on-Trent

Areas, towns and wards

Abbey Green ward Abbey Hulton Banky Brook Basford Bentilee Birches Head Blurton Blythe Bridge Bradeley Bucknall Burslem Chell Cliffe Vale Cobridge Dresden Etruria Fenton Goldenhill Hanley Hartshill Heron Cross Lightwood Longport Longton Meir Middleport Milton Norton le Moors Penkhull Shelton Sideway Smallthorne Sneyd Green Stoke-upon-Trent Trentham Trent Vale Tunstall Weston Coyney

History

Ceramic and Allied Trades Union Darwin– Wedgwood
Wedgwood
family Federation of Stoke-on-Trent History of Port Vale F.C. History of Stoke City F.C. Staffordshire
Staffordshire
Potteries Wedgwood
Wedgwood
Pottery In Stoke-on-Trent 1842 Pottery riots

Parliamentary constituencies

Current

Stoke-on-Trent
Stoke-on-Trent
North Stoke-on-Trent
Stoke-on-Trent
Central Stoke-on-Trent
Stoke-on-Trent
South

Historic

Burslem Hanley Stoke-on-Trent Stoke-upon-Trent

Religion

Stoke Minster Bethesda Methodist Chapel Hulton Abbey Our Lady of the Angels and St Peter in Chains Church

Tourism

Buildings

Bottle ovens Etruria Hall Ford Green Hall Trentham Mausoleum The Villas Wedgwood
Wedgwood
Institute Water World Winton Square
Winton Square
(North Stafford
Stafford
Hotel)

Theatres

Regent Theatre Victoria Hall Theatre Royal

Museums and libraries

Burslem
Burslem
School of Art Ceramica Chatterley Whitfield Etruria Industrial Museum Gladstone Pottery Museum Montagu C. Butler Library Potteries Museum & Art Gallery Spode
Spode
Museum

Shopping

City Sentral Potteries Shopping Centre

Parks and countryside

Berryhill Fields Hanley Park Hartshill Park Stoke-on-Trent
Stoke-on-Trent
Garden Festival Trentham Estate

Sport and music venues

Bet365
Bet365
Stadium Golden Torch Jollees Longton Cricket Club Ground Meir Heath Cricket Club Shelley's Laserdome The Sugarmill The Underground Vale Park

Media

Publishing

Cross Rhythms G&Y Pits n Pots The Oatcake The Sentinel

Radio

BBC Radio Stoke Cross Rhythms
Cross Rhythms
City Radio Signal 1 Signal 2 UCB UK Stoke & Stafford
Stafford
(DAB Multiplex)

Education

List of schools Stoke-on-Trent
Stoke-on-Trent
College City of Stoke-on-Trent
Stoke-on-Trent
Sixth Form College Staffordshire
Staffordshire
University Royal Stoke University Hospital

Companies

Pottery

Aynsley China Beswick Pottery Burleigh Pottery Carlton Ware Churchill China Clayburn Pottery Dudson Emma Bridgewater Etruria Works Gray's Pottery James Sadler and Sons Ltd Lucideon J. & G. Meakin Midwinter Pottery Mintons Moorcroft Palissy Paragon China Portmeirion Pottery Royal Doulton Royal Winton Shelley Potteries Spode Wedgwood W H Grindley

Other

Armitage Shanks Bet365 Canditv Clay Records Dechra Pharmaceuticals Goodwin Steel Castings Hanley Economic Building Society Randles Motor Group Shelton Bar Sons Ltd. Titanic Brewery Twyford Bathrooms Wrights Pies

Sport

Association football teams

Dresden United Eastwood Hanley Hanley Town Meir KA Norton United Port Vale Stoke City

Speedway teams

Stoke Potters Stoke Spitfires

Transport

Canals

Caldon Canal Trent and Mersey Canal

Public transport

D&G Bus First Potteries Stoke Streetcar

Rail

Longport railway station Longton railway station North Staffordshire
Staffordshire
Railway Stafford–Manchester line Stoke-on-Trent
Stoke-on-Trent
railway station Stoke railway works

Major roads

A34 A50 A52 A53 A500 Longton Interchange

Miscellaneous

List of people Lobby May un Mar Lady Oatcake Owd Grandad Piggott Potteries derby Potteries dialect River Trent Sanity Fair Start Up Citywide ST postcode area

v t e

Ceremonial county of Staffordshire

Unitary authorities

Stoke-on-Trent

Boroughs or districts

Cannock
Cannock
Chase East Staffordshire Lichfield Newcastle-under-Lyme South Staffordshire Stafford Staffordshire
Staffordshire
Moorlands Tamworth

Major settlements

Biddulph Burntwood Burton upon Trent Cannock Cheadle Eccleshall Fazeley Hednesford Kidsgrove Leek Lichfield Newcastle-under-Lyme Penkridge Rugeley Stafford Stoke-on-Trent

Burslem Fenton Hanley Longton Stoke Tunstall

Stone Tamworth Uttoxeter See also: List of civil parishes in Staffordshire

Rivers

Anker Blithe Churnet Dane Dove Manifold Mease Penk Sow Swarbourn Tame Trent Wheelock

Canals

Birmingham & Fazeley Caldon Lichfield Shropshire Union Staffs & Worcestershire Trent & Mersey Wyrley & Essington

Topics

Flag Museums Schools Grade I buildings Grade II* buildings Windm

.