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STOKE-UPON-TRENT, commonly called STOKE, is a component town of the city of Stoke-on-Trent , in Staffordshire , England.

The town was incorporated as a municipal borough in 1874 and is one of six that federated to form the county borough of Stoke-on-Trent in 1910, along with Hanley , Tunstall , Burslem , Longton and Fenton . It is the seat of the city's council, though Stoke-on-Trent's city centre is usually regarded as being the nearby town of Hanley which, since federation, has been the most commercially important of the six towns.

CONTENTS

* 1 Name

* 1.1 Renaming proposals

* 2 Growth of Stoke and its transport links * 3 King\'s Hall * 4 Stoke Market * 5 The Potteries * 6 Stoke today * 7 References * 8 Further reading

NAME

On 1 April 1910, the town was federated into the county borough of Stoke-on-Trent . By 1925 the area was granted city status .

Confusion can arise over the similarity of this town's name to that of the larger city. If the new borough had to be named after one of the original towns, the main reason for using "Stoke" is that this was where the new town's administration was sited, which in turn was because Stoke had the main transport links.

The river, canal, mainline railway, and trunk road passed through the centre of Stoke. Stoke also had the main railway station (other towns were connected by the "loop" line) making the name of Stoke perhaps the most familiar outside the area. It made sense to name the city after the oldest and most commonly recognised name, even though it was not then the most significant town from a commercial perspective. (The commercial centre was Hanley, elevated and therefore relatively free, for most of the year, of the city's smog and smoke.)

RENAMING PROPOSALS

Owing to the confusion between the town of Stoke and the larger city, there have been various calls, mainly amongst business leaders and academics, to rename either the town or the larger city. Proposals for the renamed town include Old Stoke, Stoke Minster and Stoke Town. There are also proposals to rename part of Hanley to Stoke-on-Trent City Centre.

GROWTH OF STOKE AND ITS TRANSPORT LINKS

Stoke was located where the upper reaches of the Trent meets the Fowlea Brook . The later Roman road
Roman road
through Stoke remained the basis for local road transport long after the Roman occupation.

The Anglian name given to this ancient place of meeting and worship was the 'stoc' (meeting place) on the Trent. It was the site of the first church in the area, built of wood around the year 670 by missionaries from Lindisfarne , later rebuilt in stone, and now known as Stoke Minster . A significant small town grew up around this church.

In the 18th century, the "Grand Trunk" canal came along the Trent valley to carry china clay from Cornwall
Cornwall
cheaply to the Potteries (and pottery safely away). Many of the promoters of the canal were pottery magnates.

In the 19th century, the railways, too, came along the valley. The mainline Stoke-on-Trent railway station was opened by the North Staffordshire Railway (NSR) on 9 October 1848, replacing the temporary station sited at Whieldon Road which was constructed for the opening of the first NSR line on 17 April 1848. Travellers to the region would change trains at Stoke for local trains to their ticketed destination.

KING\'S HALL

King's Hall, Stoke

The assembly hall, ballroom, exhibition hall and theatre built in 1910–11 at the time of the federation to the design of T. Wallis and J.A. Bowater and with an impressive 19-bay dressed stone frontage on Kingsway behind the Town Hall. It has proved itself to be a useful adjunct to the Town Hall of 1834–50. This was built on Glebe Street, opposite the parish church to the design of Henry Ward . The entire Town Hall–King's Hall complex serves the city of Stoke-on-Trent well as its chief administrative offices, including the Lord Mayor's Parlour combined with all the facilities of the King's Hall for the city's formal entertainment.

STOKE MARKET

Stoke has held markets in various locations in the town since 1818. A market was set up within the newly built town hall in the 1830s, but this did not prove popular with the market traders of the time and in 1845 the market moved to Hide Street (the building can still be seen today).

In 1883 the market relocated to a larger purpose built building fronting Church Street 'befitting its town status'. This Victorian market was all but destroyed by a fire that started on F.A. Cup final day (22 May 1982). Only the clock tower, entrance arch, fish section and shop frontage was saved. The current market in South Wolfe Street was opened in 1984. The former market site with its clock tower was block paved for use as an outdoor trading/event space, and a library and one-stop shop has also been added to the site.

THE POTTERIES

See also: Brown-Westhead, Moore & Co

In the 19th century, Stoke had a thriving pottery industry, hence its nickname, "The Potteries". Since the last half of the 20th century, however, almost all of the bottle-shaped kilns have been taken down, due to regulations from the Clean Air Act – an estimated 4,000 bottle kilns in the heyday of the pottery industry, today reduced to a mere 46. Successful Stoke-upon-Trent
Stoke-upon-Trent
potters include Spode
Spode
, Copeland , Minton and Biltons.

STOKE TODAY

Although Stoke is surpassed by its neighbouring town, Hanley in terms of size, population, and shops, it does have:

* Stoke Minster * the same (abbreviated) name as the City * the mainline railway station * the main campus of Staffordshire University and its library (on the original site of the Staffordshire Cricket Club grounds) and the halls of residence (these latter are located on riverside land that was originally part of Hanley). * a long-established purpose-built art house cinema , The Film Theatre. * a purpose-built repertory theatre * the Trent & Mersey canal & its National Cycle Network long-distance bicycle paths (NCN Route 5) * the main complex of Council offices & chamber – clustered in and around the Town Hall * the EU-funded Stoke Approach area and the outdoor artworks * The King's Hall music ">

* ^ A B " Stoke Minster website". * ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus (1974). The Buildings of England
England
– Staffordshire. Penguin . p. 262. ISBN 0-14-071046-9 . * ^ http://www.stoke.gov.uk/ccm/content/leisure-and-culture/markets/stoke-market.en;jsessionid=aUDbagmLmyh_

FURTHER READING

* Robert Donald , ed. (1908). "Stoke-upon-Trent". Municipal Year Book of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
for 1908. London: Edward Lloyd. * "Stoke-on-Trent", Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.), New York: Encyclopædia Britannica Co., 1910, OCLC 14782424

* v * t * e

City and Unitary Authority area of Stoke-on-Trent

Areas , towns and wards

* Abbey Green ward * Abbey Hulton
Abbey Hulton
* Banky Brook * Basford * Bentilee * Birches Head
Birches Head
* Blurton * Blythe Bridge
Blythe Bridge
* Bradeley
Bradeley
* Bucknall * Burslem * Chell * Cliffe Vale * Cobridge
Cobridge
* Dresden * Etruria * Fenton * Goldenhill * Hanley * Hartshill * Heron Cross
Heron Cross
* Lightwood * Longport * Longton * Meir * Middleport * Milton * Norton le Moors * Penkhull * Shelton * Sideway * Smallthorne
Smallthorne
* Sneyd Green * Stoke-upon-Trent * Trentham * Trent Vale * Tunstall * Weston Coyney
Weston Coyney

HISTORY

* Ceramic and Allied Trades Union * Darwin–Wedgwood family * Federation of Stoke-on-Trent * History of Port Vale F.C. * History of Stoke City F.C. * Staffordshire Potteries * Wedgwood
Wedgwood
Pottery In Stoke-on-Trent * 1842 Pottery riots

Parliamentary constituencies

CURRENT

* Stoke-on-Trent North * Stoke-on-Trent Central * Stoke-on-Trent South

HISTORIC

* Burslem * Hanley * Stoke-on-Trent * Stoke-upon-Trent
Stoke-upon-Trent

RELIGION

* Stoke Minster * Bethesda Methodist Chapel * Hulton Abbey
Hulton Abbey
* Our Lady of the Angels and St Peter in Chains Church

TOURISM

BUILDINGS

* Bottle ovens * Etruria Hall
Etruria Hall
* Ford Green Hall
Ford Green Hall
* Trentham Mausoleum * The Villas * Wedgwood
Wedgwood
Institute * Water World * Winton Square ( North Stafford Hotel )

THEATRES

* Regent Theatre * Victoria Hall * Theatre Royal

Museums and libraries

* Burslem School of Art * Ceramica * Chatterley Whitfield * Etruria Industrial Museum * Gladstone Pottery Museum * Montagu C. Butler Library * Potteries Museum border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* City Sentral * Potteries Shopping Centre

Parks and countryside

* Berryhill Fields * Hanley Park * Hartshill Park * Stoke-on-Trent Garden Festival * Trentham Estate
Trentham Estate

Sport and music venues

* Bet365 Stadium * Golden Torch * Jollees * Longton Cricket Club Ground * Meir Heath Cricket Club * Shelley\'s Laserdome * The Sugarmill * The Underground * Vale Park
Vale Park

MEDIA

PUBLISHING

* Cross Rhythms * Gborder-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* BBC Radio Stoke * Cross Rhythms City Radio * Signal 1
Signal 1
* Signal 2 * UCB UK * Stoke border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* List of schools * Stoke-on-Trent College * City of Stoke-on-Trent Sixth Form College * Staffordshire University * Royal Stoke University Hospital
Royal Stoke University Hospital

COMPANIES

POTTERY

* Aynsley China
Aynsley China
* Beswick Pottery * Burleigh Pottery * Carlton Ware
Carlton Ware
* Churchill China * Clayburn Pottery * Dudson * Emma Bridgewater * Etruria Works
Etruria Works
* Gray\'s Pottery * James Sadler and Sons Ltd * Lucideon * J. border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* Armitage Shanks
Armitage Shanks
* Bet365 * Canditv
Canditv
* Clay Records * Dechra Pharmaceuticals * Goodwin Steel Castings * Hanley Economic Building Society * Randles Motor Group * Shelton Bar * Sons Ltd. * Titanic Brewery * Twyford Bathrooms
Twyford Bathrooms
* Wrights Pies

SPORT

ASSOCIATION FOOTBALL TEAMS

* Dresden United * Eastwood Hanley * Hanley Town * Meir KA * Norton United * Port Vale * Stoke City

SPEEDWAY TEAMS

* Stoke Potters * Stoke Spitfires

TRANSPORT

CANALS

* Caldon Canal
Caldon Canal
* Trent and Mersey Canal
Trent and Mersey Canal

PUBLIC TRANSPORT

* Dborder-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* Longport railway station
Longport railway station
* Longton railway station
Longton railway station
* North Staffordshire Railway * Stafford–Manchester line * Stoke-on-Trent railway station * Stoke railway works

MAJOR ROADS

* A34 * A50 * A52 * A53 * A500 * Longton Interchange

MISCELLANEOUS

* List of people * Lobby * May un Mar Lady * Oatcake * Owd Grandad Piggott * Potteries derby * Potteries dialect * River Trent * Sanity Fair * Start Up Citywide * ST postcode area
ST postcode area

* v * t * e

Ceremonial county of Staffordshire

UNITARY AUTHORITIES Stoke-on-Trent

BOROUGHS OR DISTRICTS

* Cannock
Cannock
Chase * East Staffordshire * Lichfield * Newcastle-under-Lyme
Newcastle-under-Lyme
* South Staffordshire * Stafford
Stafford
* Staffordshire Moorlands * Tamworth

MAJOR SETTLEMENTS

* Biddulph
Biddulph
* Burntwood
Burntwood
* Burton upon Trent * Cannock
Cannock
* Cheadle * Eccleshall * Fazeley * Hednesford * Kidsgrove
Kidsgrove
* Leek * Lichfield * Newcastle-under-Lyme
Newcastle-under-Lyme
* Penkridge
Penkridge
* Rugeley * STAFFORD

* STOKE-ON-TRENT

* Burslem * Fenton * Hanley * Longton * Stoke * Tunstall

* Stone * Tamworth

* Uttoxeter
Uttoxeter
See also: LIST OF CIVIL PARISHES IN STAFFORDSHIRE

RIVERS

* Anker * Blithe * Churnet * Dane * Dove * Manifold * Mease * Penk * Sow * Swarbourn * Tame * Trent * Wheelock

CANALS

* Birmingham & Fazeley * Caldon *