Stoke-upon-Trent, commonly called Stoke, is a component town of the
city of Stoke-on-Trent, in Staffordshire, England.
The town was incorporated as a municipal borough in 1874 and is one of
six that federated to form the county borough of
1910, along with Hanley, Tunstall, Burslem, Longton and Fenton. It is
the seat of the city's council, though Stoke-on-Trent's city centre is
usually regarded as being the nearby town of Hanley which, since
federation, has been the most commercially important of the six towns.
1.1 Renaming proposals
2 Growth of Stoke and its transport links
3 King's Hall
4 Stoke Market
5 The Potteries
6 Stoke today
8 Further reading
On 1 April 1910, the town was federated into the county borough of
Stoke-on-Trent. By 1925 the area was granted city status.
Confusion can arise over the similarity of this town's name to that of
the larger city. If the new borough had to be named after one of the
original towns, the main reason for using "Stoke" is that this was
where the new town's administration was sited, which in turn was
because Stoke had the main transport links.
The river, canal, mainline railway, and trunk road passed through the
centre of Stoke. Stoke also had the main railway station (other towns
were connected by the "loop" line) making the name of Stoke perhaps
the most familiar outside the area. It made sense to name the city
after the oldest and most commonly recognised name, even though it was
not then the most significant town from a commercial perspective. (The
commercial centre was Hanley, elevated and therefore relatively free,
for most of the year, of the city's smog and smoke.)
Owing to the confusion between the town of Stoke and the larger city,
there have been various calls, mainly amongst business leaders and
academics, to rename either the town or the larger city. Proposals for
the renamed town include Old Stoke,
Stoke Minster and Stoke Town.
There are also proposals to rename part of Hanley to Stoke-on-Trent
Growth of Stoke and its transport links
Stoke was located where the upper reaches of the Trent meets the
Fowlea Brook. The later
Roman road through Stoke remained the basis
for local road transport long after the Roman occupation.
The Anglian name given to this ancient place of meeting and worship
was the 'stoc' (meeting place) on the Trent. It was the site of the
first church in the area, built of wood around the year 670 by
missionaries from Lindisfarne, later rebuilt in stone, and now known
as Stoke Minster. A significant small town grew up around this
In the 18th century, the "Grand Trunk" canal came along the Trent
valley to carry china clay from
Cornwall cheaply to the Potteries (and
pottery safely away). Many of the promoters of the canal were pottery
In the 19th century, the railways, too, came along the valley. The
Stoke-on-Trent railway station was opened by the North
Staffordshire Railway (NSR) on 9 October 1848, replacing the temporary
station sited at Whieldon Road which was constructed for the opening
of the first NSR line on 17 April 1848. Travellers to the region would
change trains at Stoke for local trains to their ticketed destination.
King's Hall, Stoke
The assembly hall, ballroom, exhibition hall and theatre built in
1910–11 at the time of the federation to the design of T. Wallis and
J.A. Bowater and with an impressive 19-bay dressed stone frontage on
Kingsway behind the Town Hall. It has proved itself to be a useful
adjunct to the Town Hall of 1834–50. This was built on Glebe Street,
opposite the parish church to the design of Henry Ward. The entire
Town Hall–King's Hall complex serves the city of
as its chief administrative offices, including the Lord Mayor's
Parlour combined with all the facilities of the King's Hall for the
city's formal entertainment.
Stoke has held markets in various locations in the town since 1818. A
market was set up within the newly built town hall in the 1830s, but
this did not prove popular with the market traders of the time and in
1845 the market moved to Hide Street (the building can still be seen
In 1883 the market relocated to a larger purpose built building
fronting Church Street 'befitting its town status'. This Victorian
market was all but destroyed by a fire that started on F.A. Cup final
day (22 May 1982). Only the clock tower, entrance arch, fish
section and shop frontage was saved. The current market in South Wolfe
Street was opened in 1984. The former market site with its clock tower
was block paved for use as an outdoor trading/event space, and a
library and one-stop shop has also been added to the site.
See also: Brown-Westhead, Moore & Co
In the 19th century, Stoke had a thriving pottery industry, hence its
nickname, "The Potteries". Since the last half of the 20th century,
however, almost all of the bottle-shaped kilns have been taken down,
due to regulations from the Clean Air Act – an estimated 4,000
bottle kilns in the heyday of the pottery industry, today reduced to a
mere 46. Successful
Stoke-upon-Trent potters include Spode, Copeland,
Minton and Biltons.
Although Stoke is surpassed by its neighbouring town, Hanley in terms
of size, population, and shops, it does have:
the same (abbreviated) name as the City
the mainline railway station
the main campus of
Staffordshire University and its library (on the
original site of the
Staffordshire Cricket Club grounds) and the halls
of residence (these latter are located on riverside land that was
originally part of Hanley).
a long-established purpose-built art house cinema, The Film Theatre.
a purpose-built repertory theatre
the Trent & Mersey canal & its National Cycle Network
long-distance bicycle paths (NCN Route 5)
the main complex of Council offices & chamber – clustered in and
around the Town Hall
the EU-funded Stoke Approach area and the outdoor artworks
The King's Hall music & events venue
a free public lending library
the outdoor and indoor markets
Spode Copeland pottery factory, disused since 2008 but in August
2010 at the start of a £25m regeneration programme.
The Villas, the first conservation area in Stoke, containing several
Grade II listed houses
The University Hospital of North
Staffordshire and the City General
Hospital, as well as the Central Outpatients Department, is nearby.
This is one, if not the, largest hospitals in the UK.
Stoke has a thriving music scene, including such bands as Deviant UK
and a dedicated band rehearsals room.
Outlying townships or districts within the bounds of Stoke-upon-Trent
include Boothen, Hartshill, Mount Pleasant,
Penkhull and Trent Vale.
^ a b "
Stoke Minster website".
^ Pevsner, Nikolaus (1974). The Buildings of
Staffordshire. Penguin. p. 262. ISBN 0-14-071046-9.
Robert Donald, ed. (1908). "Stoke-upon-Trent". Municipal Year Book of
United Kingdom for 1908. London: Edward Lloyd.
"Stoke-on-Trent", Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.), New York:
Encyclopædia Britannica Co., 1910, OCLC 14782424
City and Unitary Authority area of Stoke-on-Trent
towns and wards
Abbey Green ward
Norton le Moors
Ceramic and Allied Trades Union
Federation of Stoke-on-Trent
History of Port Vale F.C.
History of Stoke City F.C.
Wedgwood Pottery In Stoke-on-Trent
1842 Pottery riots
Bethesda Methodist Chapel
Our Lady of the Angels and St Peter in Chains Church
Ford Green Hall
Winton Square (North
Burslem School of Art
Etruria Industrial Museum
Gladstone Pottery Museum
Montagu C. Butler Library
Potteries Museum & Art Gallery
Potteries Shopping Centre
Stoke-on-Trent Garden Festival
Longton Cricket Club Ground
Meir Heath Cricket Club
Pits n Pots
BBC Radio Stoke
Cross Rhythms City Radio
Stafford (DAB Multiplex)
List of schools
Stoke-on-Trent Sixth Form College
Royal Stoke University Hospital
James Sadler and Sons Ltd
J. & G. Meakin
W H Grindley
Goodwin Steel Castings
Hanley Economic Building Society
Randles Motor Group
Association football teams
Trent and Mersey Canal
Longport railway station
Longton railway station
Stoke-on-Trent railway station
Stoke railway works
List of people
May un Mar Lady
Owd Grandad Piggott
Start Up Citywide
ST postcode area
Ceremonial county of Staffordshire
Boroughs or districts
Burton upon Trent
See also: List of civil parishes in Staffordshire
Birmingham & Fazeley
Staffs & Worcestershire
Trent & Mersey
Wyrley & Essington
Grade I buildings
Grade II* buildings