HOME
The Info List - Stockport


--- Advertisement ---



Stockport
Stockport
/ˈstɒkpɔːrt/ is a large town in Greater Manchester, England, 7 miles (11 km) south-east of Manchester
Manchester
city centre, where the River Goyt
River Goyt
and Tame merge to create the River Mersey. The town is the largest settlement in the metropolitan borough of the same name. Historically, most of the town was in Cheshire, but the area to the north of the Mersey was in Lancashire. Stockport
Stockport
in the 16th century was a small town entirely on the south bank of the Mersey, and known for the cultivation of hemp and manufacture of rope. In the 18th century the town had one of the first mechanised silk factories in the British Isles. However, Stockport's predominant industries of the 19th century were the cotton and allied industries. Stockport
Stockport
was also at the centre of the country's hatting industry, which by 1884 was exporting more than six million hats a year; the last hat works in Stockport
Stockport
closed in 1997. Dominating the western approaches to the town is the Stockport Viaduct. Built in 1840, the viaduct's 27 brick arches carry the mainline railways from Manchester
Manchester
to Birmingham
Birmingham
and London
London
over the River Mersey. This structure featured as the background in many paintings by L. S. Lowry.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Toponymy 1.2 Early history 1.3 Medieval and early modern period 1.4 Industrialisation

1.4.1 Recent history

2 Governance

2.1 Civic history 2.2 Parliamentary representation 2.3 Council

3 Geography

3.1 Divisions and suburbs

4 Demography

4.1 Population change

5 Economy 6 Landmarks 7 Transport 8 Education 9 Religion 10 Culture 11 Sports

11.1 Athletics 11.2 Football 11.3 Lacrosse 11.4 Rugby league 11.5 Rugby union 11.6 Swimming 11.7 Tennis

12 Youth organisations 13 Twin towns and link areas 14 See also 15 References

15.1 Bibliography

16 Further reading 17 External links

History[edit]

The River Tame (left) and the River Goyt
River Goyt
(right) meeting to form the Mersey

Toponymy[edit] Stockport
Stockport
was recorded as "Stokeport" in 1170.[1][2] The currently accepted etymology is Old English port, a market place, with stoc, a hamlet (but more accurately a minor settlement within an estate); hence, a market place at a hamlet.[1][2] Older derivations include stock, a stockaded place or castle, with port, a wood, hence a castle in a wood.[3] The castle probably refers to Stockport
Stockport
Castle, a 12th-century motte-and-bailey first mentioned in 1173.[4] Other derivations are based on early variants such as Stopford and Stockford. There is evidence that a ford across the Mersey existed at the foot of Bridge Street Brow. Stopford retains a use in the adjectival form, Stopfordian, for Stockport-related items, and pupils of Stockport Grammar School
Stockport Grammar School
style themselves Stopfordians.[5] By contrast, former pupils of Stockport
Stockport
School are known as Old Stoconians. Stopfordian is used as the general term, or demonym used for people from Stockport, much as someone from London
London
would be a Londoner.[6][7] Stockport
Stockport
has never been a sea or river port as the Mersey is not navigable here; in the centre of Stockport
Stockport
it has been culverted and the main shopping street, Merseyway, built above it. Early history[edit] The earliest evidence of human occupation in the wider area are microliths from the hunter-gatherers of the Mesolithic
Mesolithic
period (the Middle Stone Age, about 8000–3500 BC) and weapons and stone tools from the Neolithic
Neolithic
period (the New Stone Age, 3500–2000 BC). Early Bronze Age (2000–1200 BC) remains include stone hammers, flint knives, palstaves (bronze axe heads), and funerary urns; all finds were chance discoveries, not the results of systematic searches of a known site. There is a gap in the age of finds between about 1200 BC and the start of the Roman period in about 70 AD, which may indicate depopulation, possibly due to a poorer climate.[8] Despite a strong local tradition, there is little evidence of a Roman military station at Stockport.[9][10] It is assumed that roads from Cheadle to Ardotalia
Ardotalia
(Melandra) and Manchester
Manchester
to Buxton
Buxton
crossed close to the town centre. The preferred site is at a ford over the Mersey, known to be paved in the 18th century, but it has never been proved that this or any roads in the area are Roman. Hegginbotham reported (in 1892) the discovery of Roman mosaics at Castle Hill (around Stockport
Stockport
market) in the late 18th century, during the construction of a mill, but noted it was "founded on tradition only"; substantial stonework has never been dated by modern methods. However, Roman coins and pottery were probably found there during the 18th century. A cache of coins dating from 375–378 AD may have come from the banks of the Mersey at Daw Bank; these were possibly buried for safekeeping at the side of a road.[9] Six coins from the reigns of the Anglo-Saxon English Kings Edmund (reigned 939–946) and Eadred (reigned 946–955) were found during ploughing at Reddish
Reddish
Green in 1789.[1][11] There are contrasting views about the significance of this; Arrowsmith takes this as evidence for the existence of a settlement at that time, but Morris states the find could be "an isolated incident". The small cache is the only Anglo-Saxon find in the area.[1] However, the etymology Stoc-port suggests inhabitation during this period.[12] Medieval and early modern period[edit]

The Three Shires, built in 1580, now Huffy's restaurant

No part of Stockport
Stockport
appears in the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
of 1086. The area north of the Mersey was part of the hundred of Salford, which was poorly surveyed. The area south of the Mersey was part of the Hamestan hundred. Cheadle, Bramhall, Bredbury, and Romiley
Romiley
are mentioned, but these all lay just outside the town limits. The survey includes valuations of the Salford hundred as a whole and Cheadle for the times of Edward the Confessor, just before the Norman invasion of 1066, and the time of the survey. The reduction in value is taken as evidence of destruction by William the Conqueror's men in the campaigns generally known as the Harrying of the North. The omission of Stockport
Stockport
was once taken as evidence that destruction was so complete that a survey was not needed.[13] Arrowsmith argues from the etymology that Stockport
Stockport
may have still been a market place associated with a larger estate, and so would not be surveyed separately. The Anglo-Saxon landholders in the area were dispossessed and the land divided amongst the new Norman rulers. The first borough charter was granted in about 1220 and was the only basis for local government for six hundred years. A castle held by Geoffrey de Costentin is recorded as a rebel stronghold against Henry II in 1173–1174 when his sons revolted. There is an incorrect local tradition that Geoffrey was the king's son, Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany, who was one of the rebels.[14] Dent gives the size of the castle as about 31 by 60 m (102 by 197 ft), and suggests it was similar in pattern to those at Pontefract and Launceston. The castle was probably ruinous by the middle of the 16th century, and in 1642 it was agreed to demolish it. Castle Hill, possibly the motte, was levelled in 1775 to make space for Warren's mill, see below.[15][16] Nearby walls, once thought to be either part of the castle or of the town walls, are now thought to be revetments to protect the cliff face from erosion.[17] The regicide John Bradshaw (1602–1659) was born at Wibersley, in the parish of Stockport, baptised in the parish church and attended Stockport
Stockport
Free School. A lawyer, he was appointed lord president of the high court of justice for the trial of King Charles I in 1649. Although he was dead by the time of the Restoration in 1660, his body was brought up from Westminster Abbey
Westminster Abbey
and hanged in its coffin at Tyburn.[18]

A satirical print from 1784 of Jonathan Thatcher a Cheshire
Cheshire
farmer riding his cow to Stockport
Stockport
market in protest at Pitt the Younger's 1784 budget introducing taxes on horse ownership.

Stockport
Stockport
bridge is documented as existing since at least 1282. During the English Civil War
English Civil War
the town was supportive of Parliament and was garrisoned by local militias of around 3000 men commanded by Majors Mainwaring and Duckenfield. Prince Rupert
Prince Rupert
advanced on the town on 25 May 1644, with 8-10,000 men and 50 guns, with a brief skirmish at the site of the bridge, in which Colonel Washington's Dragoons led the Royalist attack. Rupert continued his march via Manchester
Manchester
and Bolton to meet defeat at Marston Moor near York.[19][20] Stockport
Stockport
bridge was pulled down in 1745 and trenches were additionally dug in the fords to try to stop the Jacobite army of Charles Edward Stuart
Charles Edward Stuart
as they marched through the town on the way to Derby. The vanguard was shot at by the town guard and a horse was killed.[19][21] The army also passed through Stockport
Stockport
on their retreat back from Derby
Derby
to Scotland.[22][23] One of the legends of the town is that of Cheshire
Cheshire
farmer, Jonathan Thatcher, who, in a 1784 demonstration against taxation, avoided Pitt the Younger's saddle tax on horses by riding to market at Stockport
Stockport
on an ox.[24] The incident is also celebrated in 'The Glass Umbrella' in St Petersgate Gardens, one of the works on Stockport's Arts Trail.[25] Industrialisation[edit]

"At this place poverty is not much felt except by those who are idle, for all persons capable of tying knots may find work in the silk mills ... children of six years earn a shilling a week and more as they grow capable of deserving it."

Anon, 1769.[26]

The Stockport
Stockport
railway viaduct over the River Mersey.

Stockport
Stockport
Hatworks in 2012

Hatmaking was established in north Cheshire
Cheshire
and south-east Lancashire by the 16th century. From the 17th century Stockport
Stockport
became a centre for the hatting industry and later the silk industry. Stockport expanded rapidly during the Industrial Revolution, helped particularly by the growth of the cotton manufacturing industries. However, economic growth took its toll, and 19th century philosopher Friedrich Engels wrote in 1844 that Stockport
Stockport
was "renowned as one of the duskiest, smokiest holes in the whole of the industrial area".[27] Stockport
Stockport
was one of the prototype textile towns.[28] In the early 18th century, England
England
was not capable of producing silk of sufficient quality to be used as the warp in woven fabrics. Suitable thread had to be imported from Italy, where it was spun on water-powered machinery. In about 1717 John Lombe
John Lombe
travelled to Italy
Italy
and copied the design of the machinery. On his return he obtained a patent on the design, and went into production in Derby. When Lombe tried to renew his patent in 1732, silk spinners from towns including Manchester, Macclesfield, Leek, and Stockport
Stockport
successfully petitioned parliament to not renew the patent. Lombe was paid off, and in 1732 Stockport's first silk mill (the first water-powered textile mill in the north-west of England) was opened on a bend in the Mersey. Further mills were opened on local brooks. Silk weaving expanded until in 1769 two thousand people were employed in the industry. By 1772 the boom had turned to bust, possibly due to cheaper foreign imports; by the late 1770s trade had recovered.[26] The cycle of boom and bust would continue throughout the textile era. The combination of a good water power site (described by Rodgers as "by far the finest of any site within the lowland" [of the Manchester region][28]) and a workforce used to textile factory work meant Stockport
Stockport
was well placed to take advantage of the phenomenal expansion in cotton processing in the late 18th century. Warren's mill in the market place was the first. Power came from an undershot water wheel in a deep pit, fed by a tunnel from the River Goyt. The positioning on high ground, unusual for a water powered mill, contributed to an early demise, but the concept of moving water around in tunnels proved successful, and several tunnels were driven under the town from the Goyt to power mills.[29] In 1796, James Harrisson drove a wide cut from the Tame which fed several mills in the Park, Portwood.[30] Other water-powered mills were built on the Mersey. The town was connected to the national canal network by the 5 miles (8.0 km) of the Stockport
Stockport
branch of the Ashton Canal
Canal
opened in 1797 which continued in use until the 1930s. Much of it is now filled in, but there is an active campaign to re-open it for leisure uses. In the early 19th century, the number of hatters in the area began to increase, and a reputation for quality work was created. The London firm of Miller Christy bought out a local firm in 1826, a move described by Arrowsmith as a "watershed". By the latter part of the century hatting had changed from a manual to a mechanised process, and was one of Stockport's primary employers; the area, with nearby Denton, was the leading national centre. Support industries, such as blockmaking, trimmings, and leatherware, became established. Stockport Armoury was completed in 1862.[31] The First World War
First World War
cut off overseas markets, which established local industries and eroded Stockport's eminence. Even so, in 1932 more than 3000 people worked in the hatting industry, making it the third biggest employer after textiles and engineering. The depression of the 1930s and changes in fashion greatly reduced the demand for hats, and the demand that existed was met by cheaper wool products made elsewhere, for example the Luton
Luton
area. In 1966, the largest of the region's remaining felt hat manufacturers, Battersby & Co, T & W Lees, J. Moores & Sons, and Joseph Wilson & Sons, merged with Christy & Co to form Associated British Hat Manufacturers, leaving Christy's and Wilson's (at Denton) as the last two factories in production. The Wilson's factory closed in 1980, followed by the Christy's factory in 1997, bringing to an end over 400 years of hatting in the area.[32][33][34] The industry is commemorated by the UK's only dedicated hatting museum, Hat Works.[35][36]

Hatters working in Battersby Hat Works
Hat Works
c.1910

Recent history[edit]

Houldsworth Mill, Reddish

Since the start of the 20th century Stockport
Stockport
has moved away from being a town dependent on cotton and its allied industries to one with a varied base. It makes the most of its varied heritage attractions, including a national museum of hatting, a unique system of underground Second World War
Second World War
air raid tunnel shelters in the town centre, and a late medieval merchants' house on the 700-year-old Market Place. In 1967, the Stockport air disaster
Stockport air disaster
occurred, when a British Midland Airways C-4 Argonaut aeroplane crashed in the Hopes Carr area of the town, resulting in 72 deaths among the passengers and crew. Stockport Metropolitan Borough Council
Stockport Metropolitan Borough Council
has embarked on an ambitious regeneration scheme, known as Future Stockport. The plan is to bring more than 3000 residents into the centre of the town, and revitalise its residential property and retail markets in a similar fashion to the nearby city of Manchester. Many ex-industrial areas around the town's core will be brought back into productive use as mixed-use residential and commercial developments. Property development company FreshStart Living has been involved in redeveloping a former mill building in the town centre, St Thomas Place. The company plan to transform the mill into 51 residential apartments as part of the regeneration of Stockport.[37] Governance[edit]

Stockport
Stockport
Town Hall

Civic history[edit] Stockport
Stockport
was a township mostly within the Macclesfield
Macclesfield
Hundred within the historic county of Cheshire
Cheshire
with a small part on the north side of the Mersey in Lancashire.[38] The Municipal Corporations Act 1835
Municipal Corporations Act 1835
made Stockport
Stockport
a municipal borough divided into six wards with a council consisting of 14 aldermen and 42 councillors. Under the terms of the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834, Stockport
Stockport
Poor Law Union
Poor Law Union
was established on 3 February 1837 and was responsible for an area covering 16 parishes with a total population of 68,906. Stockport
Stockport
Union built a workhouse at Shaw Heath in 1841.[39] In 1888, its status was raised to County Borough, becoming the County Borough
County Borough
of Stockport. In 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, Stockport
Stockport
amalgamated with neighbouring districts to form the Metropolitan Borough of Stockport in the metropolitan county of Greater Manchester. In 1986 Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester
County Council was abolished and Stockport Metropolitan Borough Council assumed many of its functions, effectively becoming a unitary authority. In 2011, Stockport
Stockport
bid for city status as part of the 2012 Queen's Diamond Jubilee
Diamond Jubilee
celebrations,[40] but was unsuccessful. Parliamentary representation[edit] There are four parliamentary constituencies in the Stockport Metropolitan Borough: Stockport, Cheadle, Hazel Grove, and Denton and Reddish. Stockport
Stockport
has been represented by the Labour MP Ann Coffey since 1992;[41] Mary Robinson has been the Conservative MP for Cheadle since 2015;[42] and William Wragg
William Wragg
has been the Conservative MP for Hazel Grove
Hazel Grove
since 2015.[43] The constituency of Denton and Reddish bridges Stockport
Stockport
and Tameside; the current member is Andrew Gwynne for the Labour Party.[44] Council[edit] Main article: Stockport
Stockport
Metropolitan Borough Council There are 21 electoral wards in Stockport, each with 3 councillors, giving a total of 63 councillors with one-third elected three years out of four.

Party political
Party political
make-up of Stockport
Stockport
Council

   Party Seats Current Council (March 2018)[45]

2014[46] 2015[47] 2016[48] As of March 2018[45]

  Labour 22 21 23 23                                                                      

  Liberal Democrats 28 26 23 21                                                                      

  Conservative 10 13 14 14                                                                      

  Heald Green
Heald Green
Ratepayers 3 3 3 3                                                                      

  Independent 0 0 0 2                                                                      

Geography[edit] Further information: Geography of Greater Manchester

Stockport

Climate chart (explanation)

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    70     6 1

    50     7 1

    60     9 3

    50     12 4

    60     15 7

    70     18 10

    70     20 12

    80     20 12

    70     17 10

    80     14 8

    80     9 4

    80     7 2

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C

Precipitation totals in mm

Source: Records and averages, Yahoo! Weather, 2008, archived from the original on 17 January 2002, retrieved 1 November 2009 

Imperial conversion

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    2.8     43 34

    2     45 34

    2.4     48 37

    2     54 39

    2.4     59 45

    2.8     64 50

    2.8     68 54

    3.1     68 54

    2.8     63 50

    3.1     57 46

    3.1     48 39

    3.1     45 36

Average max. and min. temperatures in °F

Precipitation totals in inches

At 53°24′30″N 2°8′58″W / 53.40833°N 2.14944°W / 53.40833; -2.14944 (53.408°, −2.149°) Stockport
Stockport
is on elevated ground, 6.1 miles (9.8 km) south-east of Manchester
Manchester
city centre, at the confluence of the rivers Goyt and Tame, creating the River Mersey. It shares a common boundary with the City of Manchester. Stockport
Stockport
stands on Permian sandstones and red Triassic sandstones and mudstones, mantled by thick deposits of till and pockets of sand and gravel deposited by glaciers at the end of the last glacial period, some 15,000 years ago.[49] To the extreme east is the Red Rock fault, and the older rocks from the Upper Carboniferous period surface. An outcrop of Coal Measures
Coal Measures
extends southwards through Tameside
Tameside
and into Hazel Grove.[49] To the east, the sandstones and shales of Millstone Grit are present as outcrops on the upland moors of Dark Peak
Dark Peak
and South Pennines, and, to the south, are the limestones of the White Peak. Divisions and suburbs[edit]

v t e

Areas and suburbs of Stockport

Adswood Bramhall Brinnington Bosden Farm Cale Green Cheadle Cheadle Heath Cheadle Hulme Davenport Edgeley Gatley Great Moor Heaviley Heald Green Heaton Chapel Heaton Mersey Heaton Moor Heaton Norris Marple Marple Bridge Mellor North Reddish Offerton Portwood Reddish Reddish
Reddish
Vale Romiley Shaw Heath South Reddish Stepping Hill Strines Woodsmoor

Neighbouring districts and places

Levenshulme Abbey Hey Denton

Didsbury

Stockport

Bredbury Romiley Marple

Cheadle Bramhall Hazel Grove

Demography[edit] Further information: Demography of Greater Manchester

Stockport
Stockport
Compared

2001 UK census Stockport[50] Stockport
Stockport
MB[51] England

Total population 136,082 284,528 49,138,831

White 95.5% 95.7% 91%

Asian 2.0% 2.1% 4.6%

Black 0.5% 0.4% 2.3%

Christian 74.9% 75.4% 72%

Muslim 1.8% 1.8% 3.1%

No religion 15.3% 14.2% 15%

At the 2001 UK census, Stockport
Stockport
had a population of 136,082. The 2001 population density was 11,937 per mi² (4,613 per km2), with a 100 to 94.0 female-to-male ratio.[52] Of those over 16 years old, 32% were single (never married) and 50.2% married.[53] Stockport's 58,687 households included 33.1% one-person, 33.7% married couples living together, 9.7% were co-habiting couples, and 10.4% single parents with their children, these figures were similar to those of Stockport
Stockport
Metropolitan Borough and England.[54] Of those aged 16–74, 29.2% had no academic qualifications, significantly higher than that of 25.7% in all of Stockport
Stockport
Metropolitan Borough but similar to the whole of England
England
average at 28.9%.[51][55] Although suburbs such as Woodford, Bramhall
Bramhall
and Hazel Grove
Hazel Grove
rank amongst the wealthiest areas of the United Kingdom[citation needed] and 45% of the borough is green space, districts such as Edgeley, Adswood, Shaw Heath and Brinnington
Brinnington
suffer from widespread poverty and post-industrial decay.[citation needed] In the north-west of the borough are the prosperous areas of Heaton Moor
Heaton Moor
and Heaton Mersey, which together with Heaton Chapel
Heaton Chapel
and Heaton Norris
Heaton Norris
comprise the so-called Four Heatons. Population change[edit]

Population growth
Population growth
in Stockport
Stockport
since 1901

Year Pop. ±% p.a.

1901 92,832 —    

1911 108,682 +1.59%

1921 123,309 +1.27%

1931 125,490 +0.18%

Year Pop. ±% p.a.

1939 134,132 +0.84%

1951 141,650 +0.46%

1961 142,543 +0.06%

1971 139,598 −0.21%

Year Pop. ±% p.a.

1981 136,792 −0.20%

1991 132,813 −0.29%

2001 136,082 +0.24%

2011 137,130 +0.08%

Source: County Borough
County Borough
1901–1971;[56] Urban Subdivision 1981–2001[57][58][59][60]

Economy[edit]

Stockport
Stockport
covered market in 2008

Stockport's principal commercial district is the town centre, with branches of most high-street stores to be found in the Merseyway Shopping Centre or The Peel Centre. Grand Central Leisure has an Olympic-sized swimming pool, a ten-screen cinema, bars, a bowling alley, health complex, and several restaurants. Stockport
Stockport
is six miles (9.7 km) from Manchester, making it convenient for commuters and shoppers. In 2008, the council's £500M plans to redevelop the town centre were cancelled after construction company Lend Lease Corporation pulled out of the project, blaming the credit crunch. Landmarks[edit] See also: List of Scheduled Monuments in Greater Manchester, Grade I listed buildings in Greater Manchester, Grade II* listed buildings in Greater Manchester, and List of public art in Greater Manchester

Underbank Hall

Stockport
Stockport
Town Hall, designed by Sir Alfred Brumwell Thomas, has a ballroom described by John Betjeman
John Betjeman
as "magnificent" which contains the largest Wurlitzer
Wurlitzer
theatre organ in Britain. The war memorial and art gallery are on Greek Street, opposite the town hall. Underbank Hall is a Grade II* listed late 16th-century timber framed building which was the townhouse of the Arderne family from Bredbury
Bredbury
who occupied it until 1823.[61] Since 1824, it has been used as a bank and its main banking hall lies behind the 16th-century structure and dates from 1915.[17] Stockport Viaduct
Stockport Viaduct
is 111 feet (34 m) high, and carries four railway tracks over the River Mersey
River Mersey
on the line to Manchester Piccadilly. The viaduct built of 11,000,000 bricks, a major feat of Victorian engineering, was completed in 21 months at a cost of £70,000.[62] The structure is Grade II* listed.[63] Beside the M60 motorway
M60 motorway
is the Stockport
Stockport
Pyramid, a distinctive structure designed by Christopher Denny from Michael Hyde and Associates. It has a steel frame covered with mostly blue glass and clear glass paneling at the apex and was intended to be the signature building for a much larger development planned in 1987. Construction began in the early 1990s and it was completed in 1992 but an economic downturn caused the project to be abandoned as the developers went into administration. The building lay empty until 1995 when The Co-operative Bank repossessed it and opened it as a call centre. Vernon Park, to the east towards Bredbury, was opened on 20 September 1858 on the anniversary of the Battle of Alma
Battle of Alma
in the Crimean War. It was named after Lord Vernon who presented the land to the town. St Elisabeth's Church, Reddish
Reddish
and the model village are parts a mill community designed in the main by Alfred Waterhouse
Alfred Waterhouse
for workers of Houldsworth Mill, which was once the largest cotton mill in the world.[citation needed] Transport[edit]

Stockport
Stockport
Bus Station and Stockport
Stockport
Viaduct

The Manchester
Manchester
orbital M60 motorway
M60 motorway
and A6 road to London
London
cross at Stockport. Stockport railway station
Stockport railway station
is a mainline station on the Manchester
Manchester
spur of the West Coast Main Line. Stockport
Stockport
is connected with Central London
London
by Virgin Trains
Virgin Trains
with services departing every twenty minutes and also has inter-city services to Sheffield, Liverpool, Birmingham, Bristol and other major cities. Stockport
Stockport
Tiviot Dale station also served the town centre between 1865 and 1967, lying on routes from Liverpool, Derby
Derby
and Sheffield. The station site now lies under the M60 motorway.[64] Manchester
Manchester
Airport, the busiest in the UK outside London,[65] is five miles (8.0 km) south-west of the town, which lies under the airport's flightpath. Stockport
Stockport
bus station, which serves as a terminus for many services across the borough, is one of the largest and busiest bus stations in Greater Manchester. Frequent services to Manchester city centre
Manchester city centre
are provided by Stagecoach Manchester's high frequency 192 service, which also connects the town centre with Stepping Hill
Stepping Hill
Hospital and Hazel Grove. Other services to Manchester
Manchester
include routes 42, 197 and 203. The free Metroshuttle
Metroshuttle
bus service links the bus and rail stations with other parts of Stockport, including the town centre and the ASDA, Sainsbury's and Tesco Extra supermarket. Education[edit] Stockport College
Stockport College
is based in the town centre. Also Stockport
Stockport
is home to Stockport
Stockport
Grammar School, established in 1487, one of the oldest in the north-west of England. See also: List of schools in Stockport Religion[edit] See also: List of churches in Greater Manchester St Mary's Church, the town's oldest place of worship, was the centre of a large ecclesiastical parish covering Bramhall, Bredbury, Brinnington, Disley, Dukinfield, Hyde, Marple, Norbury, Offerton, Romiley, Stockport
Stockport
Etchells, Torkington and Werneth.[38] Chapels and churches were built in those townships and the parish today covers a much smaller area. Parts of the church, situated by the market place, date to the early 14th century and it houses the Stockport
Stockport
Heritage centre, run by volunteers on market days. The church is Grade I listed.[66] In the town are the Grade II listed Roman Catholic St Joseph's Church and Our Lady and the Apostles Church.[67][68] Culture[edit]

Staircase House

Stockport's museums include the Hat Works
Hat Works
in Wellington Mill, a former hat factory,[69] and Stockport Air Raid Shelters in the underground tunnels dug in the Second World War
Second World War
to protect inhabitants in air raids.[70] Staircase House, a Grade II* listed medieval townhouse,[71][17] houses the Stockport
Stockport
Story Museum.[72] The Plaza is a Grade II* listed Super Cinema and Variety Theatre built in 1932.[73] It is the last venue of its kind operating in its original format, making it of international significance.[74] Strawberry Studios
Strawberry Studios
at No. 3 Waterloo Road was a recording studio from 1968 to 1993, partly owned and used extensively by 10cc, as well as many other major artists including Joy Division, Neil Sedaka, Barclay James Harvest, The Smiths, The Stone Roses, Paul McCartney
Paul McCartney
and St Winifred's School Choir. Local writer Simon Stephens' play Port is set in and around Stockport. The play has been performed at the National Theatre, London. The painter Alan Lowndes featured Stockport
Stockport
scenes in his work. The indie pop band Blossoms are from Stockport.[75] Paul Eastham, the front man of folk rock band COAST, was born in Stockport
Stockport
in July 1981 at Stepping Hill
Stepping Hill
Hospital.[76]

Claire Foy, an actor who is best known for her main role in The Crown as Queen Elizabeth II, was born in Stockport
Stockport
in April 1984 at Stepping Hill Hospital. The BBC Radio comedy programme "Stockport, so good they named it once" was set in the town. Two series were recorded.[77] Sports[edit] Athletics[edit] Stockport
Stockport
has three athletics clubs: Manchester
Manchester
Harriers & AC, Stockport
Stockport
Harriers & AC, and DASH Athletics Club. Manchester Harriers train at William Scholes' Playing Fields in Gatley, and they organise highly regarded schools cross country races throughout the winter. Stockport
Stockport
Harriers are based at Woodbank Park in Offerton, and have several International middle-distance and endurance athletes including Andy Nixon. DASH Athletics Club are the newest club in Stockport
Stockport
based at both Hazel Grove
Hazel Grove
Recreation Centre and the Manchester
Manchester
Regional Arena at Sportcity in Manchester. In 2006 DASH AC Coach Geoff Barratt was UK Athletics' Development Coach of the Year, and in 2007 the club won England
England
Athletics North West Junior Club and North West Overall Club of the Year accolades.

Edgeley
Edgeley
Park, home of Stockport
Stockport
County F.C.

Football[edit] Stockport County F.C.
Stockport County F.C.
play in the National League North. The club was formed in 1883 as Heaton Norris
Heaton Norris
Rovers, changing its name to Stockport County in 1890 reflecting the town's status as a county borough. It joined the Football League
Football League
in 1900. Its most successful season was the 1996–97 season, when it reached the Football League
Football League
Cup semi-finals and won promotion to Division One. Stockport's second team, Stockport
Stockport
Town F.C., play in the NWCFL Division One and are based in Woodley.[78] Stockport Sports F.C.
Stockport Sports F.C.
(formerly Woodley Sports) was another non-League football club that played in the town. In their final season, the club competed in the NWCFL Premier Division before dissolving in 2015, due to a breach of numerous league rules.[79][80] Lacrosse[edit] Stockport Lacrosse Club
Stockport Lacrosse Club
which plays at Stockport
Stockport
Cricket Club, Cale Green, was founded in 1876, and its first match was played as Shaw Heath Villa. It is reputed to be the oldest club in the world and has men's, ladies', and junior teams. There are lacrosse clubs at Norbury (Hazel Grove) Cheadle, Cheadle Hulme, Heaton Mersey, Heaton Mersey Guild (Now merged with Manchester
Manchester
Waconians),[81] and Mellor. Stockport Grammar School
Stockport Grammar School
old boys (Old Stopfordians) merged with Norbury in 2013. Edgeley
Edgeley
Park hosted the 1978 Lacrosse World Cup.[citation needed] Rugby league[edit] When the rugby football schism occurred in 1895, Stockport, founded in 1895, became a founder member of the Northern Rugby Football Union (now Rugby Football League). Stockport
Stockport
played for eight seasons from the 1895–96 season to the end of 1902–1903 season, the latter two seasons played at Edgeley
Edgeley
Park, the club finished 17th of 22 in the initial combined league, then 5th, 11th, 11th, 9th, 12th, 6th, in the 14-club Lancashire
Lancashire
Senior Competition, and then 18th of 18 in Division 2 of the recombined league, after which it withdrew from the Northern Rugby Football Union. Rugby union[edit] Sale Sharks
Sale Sharks
Rugby Union Club played at Edgeley
Edgeley
Park from 2002 to 2012, when they moved to the AJ Bell Stadium
AJ Bell Stadium
in Barton-upon-Irwell. Swimming[edit] Stockport
Stockport
Metro Swimming Club, based at Grand Central Pools, is the most successful British swimming club, through the last three Olympic Games.[citation needed] Stockport
Stockport
Metro swimmers have claimed 50% of British swimming's medal haul.[citation needed] At the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Graeme Smith won bronze in the 1500m freestyle,[82] and, at the 2004 Summer Olympics
2004 Summer Olympics
in Athens, Steve Parry won bronze in the 200m butterfly.[83] Most recently, at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, Keri-Anne Payne
Keri-Anne Payne
and Cassie Patten
Cassie Patten
won silver and bronze, respectively, in the 10 km open water swim.[84] Tennis[edit] Stockport
Stockport
is the birthplace of former World No.1 tennis player, Fred Perry winner of 8 Grand Slam singles titles, 2 Pro Slams singles titles, 2 doubles titles and 4 mixed-double titles. He was the first person to complete a Career Grand Slam and also won the Davis Cup
Davis Cup
on four consecutive occasions (1933-1936). Liam Broady
Liam Broady
and his sister Naomi Broady, the tennis professionals, were born in Stockport, attending Tithe Barn and then Priestnall School. Youth organisations[edit]

The former Stockport
Stockport
Lads Club building on Wellington Street

The Stockport
Stockport
area is covered by several different cadet units. A unit of Sea Cadet Corps based near the Pear Mill Industrial Estate and several squadrons of the Air Training Corps, based on the A6 opposite St George's Church and others on Reddish
Reddish
Road.

Twin towns and link areas[edit] Stockport
Stockport
is twinned with:[85]

Béziers, France
France
(1972) Heilbronn, Germany
Germany
(1982)

See also[edit]

Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester
portal Cheshire
Cheshire
portal

List of people from Stockport List of mills in Stockport Listed buildings in Stockport Healthcare in Greater Manchester

References[edit]

^ a b c d Arrowsmith (1997), p. 23 ^ a b Mills (1997) ^ "Local History", Stockport MBC
Stockport MBC
web pages, archived from the original on 18 June 2006, retrieved 2 April 2007  ^ Historic England, " Stockport Castle
Stockport Castle
(1085399)", PastScape, retrieved 5 January 2008  ^ " Stockport
Stockport
Grammar School:Old Stopfordians' Association". Stockport Grammar School. Retrieved 3 April 2007.  ^ Davis, Matthew (27 October 2014). " Stockport
Stockport
playwright's latest production coming to Manchester". Manchester
Manchester
Evening News. Retrieved 28 March 2016.  ^ Lucas, Dan; Pickup, Oliver (26 January 2015). "Transfer news and rumours: January 26 live". The Telegraph. Retrieved 28 March 2016.  ^ Arrowsmith (1997), pp. 9–14 ^ a b Arrowsmith (1997), pp. 18–19 ^ Dent (1977), p. 1 ^ Morris (1983), pp. 13–15:"... foolhardy to attempt any historical interpretation of the pre-10th century evidence. (it) could represent an isolated incident." ^ Dent (1977), pp. 1–2 ^ Husain (1973), p. 12 ^ See Dent 1977 for the traditional view; and Arrowsmith 1997, p. 31 for the refutation. ^ Dent (1977), p. 2 ^ Pevsner & Hubbard (1971), p. 338 ^ a b c Arrowsmith 1996, p. ? ^ ODNB entry: Retrieved 30 January 2012. Subscription required ^ a b Stockport
Stockport
Through Time, Coral Dranfield, Amberley Publishing Limited, 10 September 2013 ^ The Great Civil War in Lancashire, 1642-1651, Ernest Broxap, Manchester
Manchester
University Press, 1973, Great Britain, p117 ^ The Scottish Historical Review, VOL. VI., No. 23 APRIL 1909, 'The Highlanders at Macclesfield
Macclesfield
in 1745' ^ THE BATTLE OF CLIFTON MOOR 1745 ^ Prince Maurice's Dragoones - A Short History ^ Gentleman's Magazine and Historical Review, Volume 59, Part 2, p1210, 1789 ^ Town Centre Artworks - Stockport
Stockport
Youth Offending Service ^ a b Arrowsmith (1997), pp. 97–101 ^ Engels, Frederick (1969) [1845], The Condition of the Working Class in England, Panther, ISBN 0-89733-137-0, Stockport
Stockport
is renowned throughout the entire district as one of the duskiest, smokiest holes, and looks, indeed, especially when viewed from the viaduct, excessively repellent.  ^ a b Rodgers 1962, p. 13 ^ Dranfield (2006) ^ Arrowsmith 1997, p. 130; Ashmore (1975). ^ "Stockport". The Drill Halls Project. Retrieved 13 August 2017.  ^ McKnight (2000), pp. 1–9 ^ Arrowsmith (1997), pp. 156–7 ^ Arrowsmith (1997), pp. 225–6 ^ Hat Works
Hat Works
Museum:About us, Hat Works, retrieved 2 October 2008  ^ Williamson, Hannah (2006), "The Character of Hat Works", Manchester Region History Review, 17 (2): 111–121  ^ "FreshStart Living in £3.75m mill project", Manchester
Manchester
Evening News, retrieved 29 March 2012  ^ a b Stockport, GenUKI, retrieved 24 November 2011  ^ Stockport, workhouses.org.uk, retrieved 16 August 2009  ^ Stockport
Stockport
City Bid launch video 2011 ^ " Ann Coffey MP". parliament.uk. UK Parliament. Retrieved 23 March 2018.  ^ "Mary Robinson MP". parliament.uk. UK Parliament. Retrieved 23 March 2018.  ^ "Mr William Wragg
William Wragg
MP". parliament.uk. UK Parliament. Retrieved 23 March 2018.  ^ " Andrew Gwynne
Andrew Gwynne
MP". parliament.uk. UK Parliament. Retrieved 23 March 2018.  ^ a b "Your Councillors by Party". democracy.stockport.gov.uk. Stockport
Stockport
MBC. 23 March 2018. Retrieved 23 March 2018.  ^ "Local Election 2014 - Thursday, 22nd May, 2014". democracy.stockport.gov.uk. Stockport
Stockport
MBC. 23 May 2014. Retrieved 23 March 2018.  ^ "Local Election 2015 - Thursday, 7th May, 2015". democracy.stockport.gov.uk. Stockport
Stockport
MBC. 8 May 2015. Retrieved 23 March 2018.  ^ "Local Election 2016 - Thursday, 5th May, 2016". democracy.stockport.gov.uk. Stockport
Stockport
MBC. 6 May 2016. Retrieved 23 March 2018.  ^ a b Natural England. " Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester
(including: Wigan, Bolton, Salford, Trafford, Bury, Rochdale, Stockport, Manchester, Tameside
Tameside
and Oldham)". naturalengland.org.uk. Archived from the original on 27 March 2012. Retrieved 28 September 2012.  ^ "Census 2001 Key Statistics – Urban area results by population size of urban area", ons.gov.uk, Office for National Statistics, KS06 Ethnic group , 22 July 2004, retrieved 5 August 2008  ^ a b Stockport
Stockport
Metropolitan Borough key statistics, Statistics.gov.uk, retrieved 1 November 2009  Retrieved on 17 August 2008. • Stockport
Stockport
Metropolitan Borough ethnic group data, Statistics.gov.uk, retrieved 1 November 2009  Retrieved on 17 August 2008. ^ "Census 2001 Key Statistics – Urban area results by population size of urban area", ons.gov.uk, Office for National Statistics, KS01 Usual resident population , 22 July 2004, retrieved 17 August 2008  ^ "Census 2001 Key Statistics – Urban area results by population size of urban area", ons.gov.uk, Office for National Statistics, KS04 Marital status , 22 July 2004, retrieved 5 August 2008  ^ KS20 Household composition: Census 2001, Key Statistics for urban areas, Statistics.gov.uk, 2 February 2005, archived from the original on 29 June 2011, retrieved 5 August 2008  • Stockport
Stockport
Metropolitan Borough household data, Statistics.gov.uk, retrieved 1 November 2009  Retrieved on 17 August 2008. ^ "Census 2001 Key Statistics – Urban area results by population size of urban area", ons.gov.uk, Office for National Statistics, KS13 Qualifications and students , 22 July 2004, retrieved 5 August 2008  ^ Stockport
Stockport
County Borough, Vision of Britain  Retrieved on 24 July 2008. ^ 1981 Key Statistics for Urban Areas GB Table 1, Office for National Statistics, 1981  ^ 1991 Key Statistics for Urban Areas, Office for National Statistics, 1991  ^ "Census 2001 Key Statistics – Urban area results by population size of urban area", ons.gov.uk, Office for National Statistics, KS01 Usual resident population , 22 July 2004, retrieved 24 July 2008  ^ http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=7&b=6275261&c=Stockport&d=13&e=62&g=6346181&i=1001x1003x1032x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1472730800898&enc=1&dsFamilyId=2541 ^ 1 Great Underbank, Heritage Gateway, retrieved 31 October 2009  ^ Historic England, " Stockport
Stockport
Railway Viaduct (76880)", PastScape, retrieved 1 November 2009  ^ Railway Viaduct, Stockport, Heritage Gateway, retrieved 1 November 2009  ^ Fox 1986, pp. 76–80 ^ Wilson, James (26 April 2007), "A busy hub of connectivity", Financial Times – FT report – doing business in Manchester
Manchester
and the NorthWest  ^ Historic England, "Parish Church of St Mary (1309701)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 24 November 2011  ^ Stockport
Stockport
- St Joseph from English Heritage, retrieved 4 February 2016 ^ [http://taking-stock.org.uk/Home/Dioceses/Diocese-of-Shrewsbury/Stockport-Our-Lady-and-the-Apostles/ Stockport
Stockport
- Our Lady and the Apostles from English Heritage, retrieved 4 February 2016 ^ Visiting the Hat Works
Hat Works
Musem, Hat works, retrieved 23 November 2011  ^ Stockport
Stockport
Air Raid Shelters, Stockport
Stockport
Air Raid Shelters, retrieved 23 November 2011  ^ Staircase Cafe, Heritage Gateway, retrieved 31 October 2009  ^ Stockport
Stockport
Story Museum, Stockport
Stockport
Story Museum, archived from the original on 30 June 2007, retrieved 1 November 2009  ^ Plaza Cinema, Heritage Gateway, retrieved 31 October 2009  ^ The Plaza Stockport, Stockport
Stockport
Plaza, retrieved 23 November 2011  ^ Youngs, Ian. "BBC Sound of 2016: Blossoms". BBC News. Retrieved 23 January 2016.  ^ Paul Eastham Biography, retrieved 2 March 2017  ^ BBC Radio, BBC Radio, retrieved 16 August 2017  ^ Ian Templeman. "www.nwcfl.com - News - Stockport
Stockport
Town Admitted To The NWCFL". nwcfl.com. Retrieved 15 November 2015.  ^ " Stockport
Stockport
Sports suspended". NonLeagueReview.com. 23 January 2015. Retrieved 23 January 2015.  ^ Templeman, Ian (2 March 2015). " Stockport
Stockport
Sports". nwcfl.com. Retrieved 2 March 2015.  ^ N ^ The Water Zone Profiles – Graeme Smith, archived from the original on 16 January 2007, retrieved 26 September 2008  ^ It's a swimming bronze for Stockport, BBC, retrieved 26 September 2008  ^ British duo take 10 km swim medals, BBC, 20 August 2008, retrieved 26 September 2008  ^ Twin Towns and Link Areas, Stockport.gov.uk, archived from the original on 18 June 2012, retrieved 1 April 2013 

Bibliography[edit]

Arrowsmith, Peter (1996), Recording Stockport's Past: Recent Investigations of Historic Sites in the Borough of Stockport, Stockport
Stockport
Metropolitan Borough Council, ISBN 0-905164-20-2  Arrowsmith, Peter (1997), Stockport: a History, Stockport
Stockport
Metropolitan Borough Council, ISBN 0-905164-99-7  Dent, J. S. (1977), "Recent investigations on the site of Stockport Castle", Transactions of the Lancashire
Lancashire
and Cheshire
Cheshire
Antiquarian Society, 79: 1–13  Dranfield, Coral (2006), Rivers Under Your Feet: The Story of Stockport's Water tunnels, Kevin Dranfield, ISBN 0-9553995-0-5  Fox, Gregory K. (1986), The Railways around Stockport, Foxline Publishing, ISBN 1-870119-00-2  Husain, B. M. C. (1973), Cheshire
Cheshire
under the Norman Earls, A history of Cheshire, 4, Cheshire
Cheshire
Community Council Publications Trust  McKnight, Penny (2000), Stockport
Stockport
hatting, Stockport
Stockport
M.B.C., Community Services Division, ISBN 0-905164-84-9  Mills, A. D. (1997), Dictionary of English Place-Names (2nd ed.), Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-280074-4  Morris, Mike, ed. (1983), Medieval Manchester: A Regional Study. The Archaeology of Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester
volume 1, Greater Manchester Archaeological Unit, ISBN 0-946126-02-X  Pevsner, Nikolaus; Hubbard, Edward (1971), Cheshire, The buildings of England, Penguin, ISBN 0-14-071042-6  Rodgers, H. B. (1962), "The landscapes of eastern Lancastria", in Carter, Charles, Manchester
Manchester
and its region: a survey prepared for the meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science held in Manchester
Manchester
August 29 to September 5, 1962, Manchester
Manchester
University Press, pp. 1–16 

Further reading[edit]

Cliffe, Steve (2005). Stockport
Stockport
History and Guide. Tempus. ISBN 0-7524-3525-6.  Glen, Robert (1984). Urban workers in the early Industrial Revolution. Croom Helm. ISBN 0-7099-1103-3.  Harris, Brian; Thacker, Alan; Lewis, C. P. (1979). A history of the county of Chester. The Victoria history of the counties of England. 2. Oxford University Press for the Institute of Historical Research. ISBN 0-19-722749-X.  Hartwell, Clare; Hyde, Matthew; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2004). Lancashire: Manchester
Manchester
and the South-East. The buildings of England. Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-10583-5.  Holden, Roger N. (1998). Stott & Sons: architects of the Lancashire
Lancashire
cotton mill. Carnegie. ISBN 1-85936-047-5.  Jenkins, Simon (1999). England's thousand best churches. Allen Lane. ISBN 0-7139-9281-6.  Pevsner, Nikolaus (1969). Lancashire. The buildings of England. Penguin. ISBN 0-14-071036-1.  Williams, Mike; Farnie, D. A. (1992). Cotton mills in Greater Manchester. Carnegie. ISBN 0-948789-69-7. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Stockport.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Stockport.

Stockport
Stockport
Council  "Stockport". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911. 

v t e

Ceremonial county of Greater Manchester

Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester
Portal

Statutory City Region

Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester
Combined Authority Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester
Statutory City Region Mayor of Greater Manchester

Metropolitan districts

City of Manchester City of Salford Metropolitan Borough of Bolton Metropolitan Borough of Bury Metropolitan Borough of Oldham Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale Metropolitan Borough of Stockport Metropolitan Borough of Tameside Metropolitan Borough of Trafford Metropolitan Borough of Wigan

Major settlements

Altrincham Ashton-in-Makerfield
Ashton-in-Makerfield
(part) Ashton-under-Lyne Atherton Audenshaw Blackrod Bolton Bredbury Bury Chadderton Clifton Denton Droylsden Dukinfield Eccles Failsworth Farnworth Golborne Heywood Hindley Horwich Hyde Kearsley Leigh Littleborough Manchester Marple Middleton Milnrow Mossley Oldham Partington Pendlebury Prestwich Radcliffe Ramsbottom Rochdale Royton Sale Salford Shaw Stalybridge Standish Stockport Stretford Swinton Tyldesley Urmston Walkden Westhoughton Whitefield Wigan Worsley See also: List of civil parishes in Greater Manchester

Rivers

Beal Bollin Croal Dean Brook Douglas Etherow Goyt Irk Irwell Medlock Mersey Roch Spodden Tame Tib Tonge

Topics

Parliamentary constituencies and Members of Parliament Crime Cycling Demography People Public art Schools Geography Places Population of major settlements Castles Churches Flag Football clubs Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings Mills Scheduled monuments SSSIs History Lord Lieutenants High Sheriffs Museums

.