A cliché or cliche (/ˈkliːʃeɪ/ or /klɪˈʃeɪ/) is an
expression, idea, or element of an artistic work which has become
overused to the point of losing its original meaning or effect, even
to the point of being trite or irritating, especially when at some
earlier time it was considered meaningful or novel.
In phraseology, the term has taken on a more technical meaning,
referring to an expression imposed by conventionalized linguistic
usage. The term is frequently used in modern culture for an action or
idea that is expected or predictable, based on a prior event.
Typically pejorative, "clichés" may or may not be true. Some are
stereotypes, but some are simply truisms and facts. Clichés often
are employed for comic effect, typically in fiction.
Most phrases now considered clichéd originally were regarded as
striking, but have lost their force through overuse. The French
Gérard de Nerval
1 Origin 2 Usage 3 Thought-terminating cliché 4 See also 5 References 6 Further reading 7 External links
Origin The word cliché is drawn from the French language. In printing, "cliché" came to mean a stereotype, electrotype or cast plate or block reproducing words or images that would be used repeatedly. It has been suggested that the word originated from the clicking sound in "dabbed" printing (a particular form of stereotyping in which the block was impressed into a bath of molten type-metal to form a matrix). Through this onomatopoeia, "cliché" came to mean a ready-made, oft-repeated phrase. Usage
Using a feature such as an overhanging branch to frame a nature scene may be described as a visual cliché even though it also supplies scale.
Various dictionaries recognize a derived adjective clichéd, with the
Archetype Bromide (language) Catch-phrase Figure of speech Idiom Kitsch List of English idioms on Wiktionary List of film and television clichés Meme Platitude Siamese twins (linguistics) Slogan Snowclone Speech Stereotype Stock character Category:Tropes
^ Gary Blake and Robert W. Bly, The Elements of Technical Writing, pg. 85. New York: Macmillan Publishers, 1993. ISBN 0020130856 ^ Short Story Library Thick skin and writing, cliché, but true Archived 2010-02-26 at the Wayback Machine. - Published By Casey Quinn • May 10th, 2009 • Category: Casey's Corner ^ The Free Dictionary - Cliche ^ Mason, David; Nims, John Frederick (1999). Western Wind: An Introduction to Poetry. McGraw-Hill. pp. 126–127. ISBN 0-07-303180-1. ^ Biography and Quotations of Gérard de Nerval ^ Loewen, Nancy (2011). Talking Turkey and Other Clichés We Say. Capstone. p. 11. ISBN 1404862722. ^ "Definition of Cliché". Retrieved 3 January 2014. ^ Westwood, Alison. The Little Book of Clichés. Canary Press eBooks. ISBN 1907795138. ^ Mosley, James. "Dabbing, abklatschen, clichage..." Type Foundry (blog). Retrieved 5 October 2017. ^ Bergel, Giles. "Printing cliches". Printing Machine (blog). Retrieved 21 October 2017. ^ Freeman, Michael (2004). Nature and Landscape Photography. Lark Books. p. 36. ISBN 1-57990-545-5. Retrieved 2009-07-02. ^ a b "cliche". The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. n.d. Archived from the original on 2005-01-09. Retrieved 2010-10-21. ^ a b "cliché". Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-21. ^ a b "cliché". Dictionary.com Unabridged. n.d. Retrieved 2010-02-21. ^ a b Brown, Lesley, editor (1993). "cliché". New Shorter Oxford English Dictionary. Clarendon Press. ISBN 0-19-861271-0. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) ^ a b c d Chiras, Daniel D. (1992), "Teaching Critical Thinking Skills in the Biology & Environmental Science Classrooms", The American Biology Teacher, 54 (8): 464–468, doi:10.2307/4449551 ^ a b c Kathleen Taylor (27 July 2006). Brainwashing: The Science of Thought Control. OUP Oxford. p. 21. ISBN 978-0-19-920478-6. ^ Morisy, Ann (2009), Bothered and Bewildered: Enacting Hope in Troubled Times, A&C Black, p. 29, ISBN 9781847064806, retrieved October 25, 2016 ^ Clampitt, Phillip G.; Williams, M. Lee (Winter 2007), "Decision Downloading", MIT Sloan Management Review, vol. 48 no. 2, retrieved October 25, 2016 ^ Lifton, Robert J. (1989). Thought Reform and the Psychology of Totalism: A Study of Brainwashing in China. UNC Press. p. 429. ISBN 978-0-8078-4253-9. ^ Peterson, Britt (March 19, 2015), "Scientology's enturbulating lingo", Boston Globe, retrieved October 25, 2016
Anton C. Zijderveld (1979). On Clichés: The Supersedure of Meaning by
Function in Modernity. Routledge. ISBN 9780710001863.
Margery Sabin (1987). "The Life of English Idiom, the Laws of French
Cliché". The Dialect of the Tribe. Oxford University Press US.
pp. 10–25. ISBN 9780195041538.
Veronique Traverso and Denise Pessah (Summer 2000). "Stereotypes et
cliches: Langue, discours, societe". Poetics Today. Duke University
Press. 21 (3): 463–465. doi:10.1215/03335372-21-2-463.
Skorczewski, Dawn (December 2000). ""Everybody Has Their Own Ideas":
Responding to Cliche in Student Writing". College Composition and
Communication. 52 (2): 220–239. doi:10.2307/358494.
Ruth Amossy; Lyons (1982). Trans. Terese Lyons.. "The
Wikimedia Commons has media related to clichés.
Look up cliché in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Clichés: Avoid Them Like the Plague – list of clichéd phrases
The Movie Clichés List – list of clichés in films
Where Clichés Come From - archived slideshow by Life magazine
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