HOME
The Info List - Steven Soderbergh



--- Advertisement ---


STEVEN ANDREW SODERBERGH (/ˈsoʊdərbɜːrɡ/ ; born January 14, 1963) is an American film producer , director , screenwriter , cinematographer and editor . His indie drama _Sex, Lies, and Videotape _ (1989) won the Palme d\'Or at the Cannes Film Festival , and became a worldwide commercial success, making the then-26-year-old Soderbergh the youngest director to win the festival's top award. Film critic Roger Ebert dubbed Soderbergh the "poster boy of the Sundance generation".

He is best known for directing critically acclaimed commercial Hollywood films including the crime comedy _ Out of Sight _ (1998), the biographical film _Erin Brockovich _ (2000), the crime drama film _Traffic _ (2000) (for which he won the Academy Award for Best Director), the 2001 remake of the comedy heist film _Ocean\'s 11 _ and its two sequels—known collectively as the _Ocean\'s Trilogy _, the medical thriller _Contagion _ (2011) and the comedy-drama _Magic Mike _ (2012).

He has also directed smaller, less conventional works, such as the mystery thriller _Kafka _ (1991); the experimental comedy film _ Schizopolis _ (1996), which has a non-linear narrative; _Bubble _ (2005), which uses no script and non-professional actors; the experimental drama film _ The Girlfriend Experience _ (2009), which starred the then-active pornographic actress Sasha Grey ; and the biopic about Marxist revolutionary Ernesto "Che" Guevara , _Che_ (2008). Soderbergh also directed, photographed and edited all episodes of the television drama _ The Knick _. In addition, he has produced numerous film and television programs, and provided cinematography and editing on various projects.

CONTENTS

* 1 Early life and education

* 2 Career

* 2.1 1989: _Sex, Lies, and Videotape_ * 2.2 1993 to 1998 * 2.3 1999 and 2000 * 2.4 2001 to 2004 * 2.5 2005 to 2009 * 2.6 Early 2010s * 2.7 Feature Filmmaking Hiatus (2013-2016) * 2.8 Late 2010s * 2.9 Soderbergh edits of famous films * 2.10 Unrealized projects

* 3 Directorial style and collaborations

* 3.1 Aesthetics

* 4 Views * 5 Personal life

* 6 Filmography

* 6.1 Television

* 7 Audio commentaries

* 7.1 On his own films * 7.2 On other films

* 8 References * 9 Further reading * 10 External links

EARLY LIFE AND EDUCATION

Soderbergh was born on January 14, 1963, in Atlanta, Georgia , to Mary Ann (née Bernard) and Peter Andrew Soderbergh, who was a university administrator and educator. His father's ancestry was Swedish and Irish; his paternal grandfather was an emigrant from Stockholm . His mother was of Italian, and "a little Irish", descent. As a child, he moved with his family to Charlottesville, Virginia , where he lived during his adolescence, then to Baton Rouge, Louisiana , where his father became Dean of Education at Louisiana State University . In Baton Rouge, he discovered filmmaking as a teenager, directing short Super 8 mm films with equipment borrowed from LSU students. He has a brother, Charley.

While the family resided in Baton Rouge, Soderbergh's mother appeared regularly on _2une In_, the early-morning show of local ABC affiliate WBRZ-TV (broadcast channel 2), as a "call-in" psychic, and taught adult-education and "alternative education" classes in "parapsychology" at LSU. His primary high school education was at Louisiana State University Laboratory School , a K–12 school that is directed by the University. While still taking classes there around the age of 15, Soderbergh enrolled in the university's film animation class and began making short 16 mm films with secondhand equipment.

Rather than attend LSU, Soderbergh tried his luck in Hollywood after graduating from high school; he worked as a game show scorer and cue card holder to make ends meet, and eventually found work as a freelance film editor. His big break came when he directed the Grammy -nominated concert video _9012Live _ for the rock band Yes in 1985.

CAREER

1989: _SEX, LIES, AND VIDEOTAPE_

It was not until Soderbergh came back to Baton Rouge that he conceived the idea for _ Sex, Lies, and Videotape _ (1989), which he wrote in eight days. The independent film won the Palme d\'Or at the Cannes Film Festival , became a worldwide commercial success and contributed to the 1990s independent film revolution. At age 26, Soderbergh became the second youngest director to win the festival's top award (after French director Louis Malle who won for _Le Monde du Silence _). Movie critic Roger Ebert dubbed Soderbergh the "poster boy of the Sundance generation".

1993 TO 1998

_Sex, Lies, and Videotape_ was followed by a series of low-budget box-office disappointments: _Kafka _, a biopic mixing fact and Kafka's own fiction (notably _The Castle _ and _ The Trial _), written by Lem Dobbs and starring Jeremy Irons as Franz Kafka ; _King of the Hill _ (1993), a critically acclaimed Depression -era drama; _The Underneath _ (1995), a remake of Robert Siodmak 's 1949 film noir _Criss Cross _; and _ Schizopolis _ (1996), a comedy which he starred in, wrote, composed, and shot as well as directed. He also directed the Spalding Gray monologue film _Gray\'s Anatomy _ in 1996.

Making good on his _Schizopolis_-inspired "artistic wake-up call", his commercial slump ended in 1998 with _ Out of Sight _, a stylized adaptation of an Elmore Leonard novel, written by Scott Frank and starring George Clooney and Jennifer Lopez . The film was widely praised, though only a moderate box-office success. It reaffirmed Soderbergh's potential, sparking the beginnings of a lucrative artistic partnership between Clooney and Soderbergh.

1999 AND 2000

Soderbergh followed up on the success of _Out of Sight_ by making another crime caper, _ The Limey _ (1999), from a screenplay by Lem Dobbs and starring veteran actors Terence Stamp and Peter Fonda . The film was well-received, but not as much as _Erin Brockovich _ (2000), written by Susannah Grant and starring Julia Roberts in her Oscar-winning role as a single mother taking on industry in a civil action. Later that year, Soderbergh released _Traffic _, a social drama written by Stephen Gaghan and featuring an ensemble cast.

_Traffic_ became his most acclaimed movie since _Sex, Lies, and Videotape_, and earned him an Academy Award for Best Director . He was also nominated that same year for _Erin Brockovich_. He is the only director to have been nominated in the same year for Best Director for two different films by the Academy Awards , the Golden Globes and the Directors Guild of America . The double nomination was the first in 60 years. (In 1938, Michael Curtiz was nominated twice, for _Angels with Dirty Faces _ and _ Four Daughters _, but did not win for either film.)

2001 TO 2004

Brad Pitt , George Clooney , Matt Damon , Andy García , Julia Roberts , and Soderbergh at Incirlik Air Base , Turkey in December 2001

_Ocean\'s Eleven _ (2001), a Ted Griffin-scripted remake from a Rat Pack -movie from 1960, featuring an all-star cast and flashy aesthetics, is Soderbergh's highest-grossing movie to date, grossing more than $183 million domestically and more than $450 million worldwide. The film's star, George Clooney , subsequently appeared in _Solaris _ (2002), marking the third time the two have headlined a film. In the same year, Soderbergh made _Full Frontal _, which was shot mostly on digital video in an improvisational style that deliberately blurred the line between which actors were playing characters and which were playing fictionalized versions of themselves. A film within a film, the title is a film industry reference to an actor or actress appearing fully nude (a.k.a., "full frontal nudity"). Also in 2002, Soderbergh was elected First Vice President of the Directors Guild of America .

Following up _Full Frontal _ stylistically was Soderbergh next project, _K Street _ (2003), a ten-part political HBO series he co-produced with Clooney. The series was noteworthy for being both partially improvised and each episode being produced in the five days prior to airing to take advantage of topical events that could be worked into the fictional narrative. Actual political players appeared as themselves, either in cameos or portraying fictionalized versions of themselves (as were the leads, real life husband and wife James Carville and Mary Matalin ). The show caused a stir during the 2004 Democratic Primary when Carville gave candidate Howard Dean a soundbite during a location shoot that Dean then used in a debate.

In 2004, Soderbergh directed _Ocean\'s Twelve _, a sequel to _Ocean's Eleven_.

2005 TO 2009

In 2005, Soderbergh raised eyebrows with _Bubble _, a $1.6 million film featuring a cast of nonprofessional actors. It opened in selected theaters and HDNet simultaneously, and four days later on DVD. Industry heads were reportedly watching how the film performed, as its unusual release schedule could have implications for future feature films. Theater-owners, who at the time had been suffering from dropping attendance rates, did not welcome so-called "day-and-date" movies. National Association of Theatre Owners president and CEO John Fithian indirectly called the film's release model "the biggest threat to the viability of the cinema industry today."

Soderbergh's response to such criticism: "I don't think it's going to destroy the movie-going experience any more than the ability to get takeout has destroyed the restaurant business." The film did poor business both at the box office and on the home video market. Nevertheless, Soderbergh is on contract to deliver five more day-and-date movies. In fall of 2006 he contributed a mini-essay on hotel pornography, along with an accompanying series of long-exposure photographs, to _Anthem_ magazine's November/December issue.

A romantic drama set in post-war Berlin, _ The Good German _, starring Cate Blanchett and Clooney, was released in late 2006. _ Soderbergh (right) and Benicio del Toro signing autographs at the premier of Che_ in 2008.

The sixth pairing of Clooney and Soderbergh, _Ocean\'s Thirteen _, was released in June 2007. Also in 2007, Soderbergh and Tony Gilroy contributed an audio commentary to the DVD re-release of _The Third Man _ by the Criterion Collection .

On May 22, 2008, _Che _, which was released in theatres in two parts titled _The Argentine_ and _Guerrilla_, was presented in the main competition of the 2008 Cannes film festival. Benicio del Toro plays Argentine guerrilla Ernesto "Che" Guevara in an epic four-hour double bill which looks first at his role in the Cuban revolution before moving to his campaign and eventual death in Bolivia.

Soderbergh shot his feature film _ The Girlfriend Experience _ in New York in 2008. The film's lead actress is adult film star Sasha Grey .

His next film was 2009's _ The Informant! _ a black comedy starring Matt Damon as corporate whistleblower Mark Whitacre . Whitacre wore a wire for two and a half years for the FBI as a high-level executive at a Fortune 500 company, Archer Daniels Midland (ADM), in one of the largest price-fixing cases in history. The film was released on September 18, 2009. The script for the movie was written by Scott Z. Burns based on Kurt Eichenwald 's book, _The Informant_.

In 2009, Soderbergh directed a play titled _Tot-Mom_ for the Sydney Theatre Company in Sydney, Australia. The play is based on the real-life case of Caylee Anthony . Rehearsals commenced in early November 2009, and the production opened December 2009. Soderbergh also shot a small improvised film with the cast of the play, _The Last Time I Saw Michael Gregg_, a comedy about a theatre company staging Chekhov's _Three Sisters_. He has stated that he does not want it seen by the public, and only intended it for the cast.

EARLY 2010S

In 2010, Soderbergh shot the action-thriller _Haywire _, starring Gina Carano , Ewan McGregor , Michael Fassbender , and Channing Tatum which, even though was shot in early 2010, was not released until January 2012. The film's end credits include "In Loving Memory of Blake Asner" dedicating the film to Soderbergh's cat that died while he was completing the film's post production.

In the fall of 2010, he shot the epic virus thriller _Contagion _, written by Scott Z. Burns . With a star-studded cast including Matt Damon , Kate Winslet , Gwyneth Paltrow , Laurence Fishburne , Marion Cotillard and Jude Law , the film follows the outbreak of a lethal pandemic across the globe and the efforts of doctors and scientists to discover the cause and develop a cure. It was released on September 9, 2011.

In August 2011, Soderbergh served as a second unit director on _The Hunger Games _ and filmed much of the District 11 riot scene.

In September and October 2011, he shot _ Magic Mike _, a film starring Channing Tatum , about the actor's experiences working as a male stripper in his youth. Tatum played the title mentor character, while Alex Pettyfer played a character based on Tatum. The film was released on June 29, 2012.

His next project, the psychological thriller _Side Effects _, starred Jude Law , Rooney Mara , Channing Tatum and Catherine Zeta-Jones . It was shot in April 2012 and was released on February 8, 2013. It also screened at the 63rd Berlin International Film Festival .

_ Behind the Candelabra _, his final film before his much publicized hiatus (see below), was shot in the summer of 2012. It stars Michael Douglas as legendarily flamboyant pianist Liberace and Matt Damon as his lover Scott Thorson . The film is written by Richard LaGravenese , based on Thorson's book _Behind the Candelabra: My Life with Liberace _, and produced by HBO Films . It was selected to compete for the Palme d\'Or at the 2013 Cannes Film Festival .

FEATURE FILMMAKING HIATUS (2013-2016)

Soderbergh had announced in numerous interviews his intention to retire from feature filmmaking. He stated that "when you reach the point where you're saying, 'If I have to get into a van to do another scout, I'm just going to shoot myself,' it's time to let somebody who's still excited about getting in the van, get in the van." Soderbergh later said that he would retire from filmmaking and begin to explore painting. A few weeks later, Soderbergh played down his earlier comments, saying a film-making "sabbatical" was more accurate. In the end, while promoting _Side Effects _ in early 2013, he clarified that he had a five-year plan that saw him transitioning away from making feature films around his fiftieth birthday. Around that time, he gave a much publicized speech at the San Francisco International Film Festival, detailing the obstacles facing filmmakers in the current corporate Hollywood environment.

In May 2013, Soderbergh announced that he would direct a 10-part miniseries for Cinemax . Called _ The Knick _, it follows doctors at a fictionalized version of the Knickerbocker Hospital in Manhattan in the early twentieth century. The series stars Clive Owen , Andre Holland , Jeremy Bobb , Juliet Rylance , Eve Hewson and Michael Angarano and was filmed in the fall of 2013. It began airing in August 2014 to critical acclaim. After completing the second season, Soderbergh revealed he was finished directing for the show and said, "I told them that I'm going to do the first two years and then we are going to break out the story for seasons 3 and 4 and try and find a filmmaker or filmmakers to do this the way that I did. This is how we want to do this so that every two years, whoever comes on, has the freedom to create their universe."

Soderbergh helped Spike Jonze with his film _Her _. The original cut ran over 150 minutes and Jonze asked Soderbergh to "do his own quick, gut-instinct cut", which he did, cutting the film down to 90 minutes. This was not the final version of the film but it allowed Jonze to remove unnecessary plots.

In January 2014, Soderbergh announced that he was going to be working on an Off-Broadway play titled _The Library_, and that Chloë Grace Moretz would star.

It was announced in June 2014 that Soderbergh would be executive producing a series based on his earlier film _The Girlfriend Experience _ for the Starz network, to premiere sometime in 2016. In September 2015, Soderbergh was announced to be directing a series for HBO titled _Mosaic_. It stars Sharon Stone and will allow the audience to interact with the story.

LATE 2010S

In February 2016, Soderbergh ended his retirement from feature films to direct a NASCAR heist film, _ Logan Lucky _, starring Channing Tatum , Adam Driver , and Daniel Craig among others. In August 2016, he posted on Twitter that the first day of shooting the film has begun. It is set to be released on August 18,2017 by Bleecker Street

In July 2017, it was revealed that Soderbergh had secretly shot a film using iPhones (similar to what was done with _Tangerine _) titled _Unsane_ and starring Claire Foy and Juno Temple . Soderbergh had plans of distributing it domestically himself.

SODERBERGH EDITS OF FAMOUS FILMS

Soderbergh has released recut versions of several films by other directors on his Extension 765 website. It is unclear whether Soderbergh has obtained legal rights to post these edits.

On February 24, 2014, a mashup of Alfred Hitchcock 's and Gus Van Sant 's versions of _Psycho _ appeared on the site. Retitled "Psychos" and featuring no explanatory text, the recut appears to be a fan edit of the two films by Soderbergh. Reaction to the mashup appears to reinforce the prejudice against the 1998 film. The opening credits intermingle names from both the 1960 and 1998 versions, and all color has been removed from Van Sant's scenes, except for when Bates' mother is found.

On April 21, 2014, Soderbergh released an alternate cut of Michael Cimino 's controversial 1980 Western _Heaven\'s Gate _ on his website. Credited to his pseudonym Mary Ann Bernard and dubbed "The Butcher's Cut", Soderbergh's version runs for 108 minutes.

On September 22, 2014, he uploaded a black-and-white silent version of _ Raiders of the Lost Ark _, with Trent Reznor and Atticus Ross 's score of _ The Social Network _ in aiding the study of just the visual staging aspects. The purpose of it is to study the aspects of staging in filmmaking.

On January 14, 2015, Soderbergh posted a recut version of Stanley Kubrick 's 1968 epic _2001: A Space Odyssey _. At 110 minutes, Soderbergh's version is over half an hour shorter than the various official versions. Much of the cut material is from the first third of the film; in particular, most of Heywood Floyd's scenes are deleted. The edit has been removed on the request of Warner Bros. and the Stanley Kubrick Estate.

UNREALIZED PROJECTS

Soderbergh nearly filmed a feature adaptation of the baseball book _ Moneyball _, starring Brad Pitt and Demetri Martin . The book, by Michael Lewis , tells of how Billy Beane , general manager of Oakland Athletics , used statistical analysis to make up for what he lacked in funds to beat the odds and lead his team to a series of notable wins in 2002. Disagreements between Sony and Soderbergh about revisions to Steven Zaillian 's version of the screenplay led to Soderbergh's dismissal from the project only days prior to filming in June 2009. The move by Sony's Amy Pascal sent shockwaves through the industry. The film was eventually made by director Bennett Miller , with a script rewritten by Aaron Sorkin . It was critically acclaimed and nominated for an Academy Award for Best Picture .

Soderbergh had planned to commence production in early 2012 on a feature version of _ The Man from U.N.C.L.E. _, also written by Scott Z. Burns . George Clooney was set for the lead role of Napoleon Solo but had to drop out due to a recurring back injury suffered while filming _ Syriana _. In November 2011 Soderbergh withdrew from the project due to budget and casting conflicts, and was eventually replaced by Guy Ritchie .

Soderbergh worked for a time with writer Scott Z. Burns on a biopic of controversial Nazi-era film director Leni Riefenstahl , but he and Burns ended up abandoning that script as too uncommercial, making _Contagion _ instead.

DIRECTORIAL STYLE AND COLLABORATIONS

Soderbergh frequently works with actors on more than one occasion. The following is a chart of notable collaborators:

ACTOR _SEX, LIES AND VIDEOTAPE _ _KAFKA _ _KING OF THE HILL _ _THE UNDERNEATH _ _GRAY\\'S ANATOMY _ _SCHIZOPOLIS _ _OUT OF SIGHT _ _THE LIMEY _ _ERIN BROCKOVICH _ _TRAFFIC _ _OCEAN\\'S TRILOGY_ _FULL FRONTAL _ _SOLARIS _ _EROS _ _THE GOOD GERMAN _ _CHE _ _THE INFORMANT! _ _CONTAGION _ _HAYWIRE _ _MAGIC MIKE _ _SIDE EFFECTS _ _BEHIND THE CANDELABRA _ _LOGAN LUCKY _

Total

DON CHEADLE

N

N N

5

JOE CHREST

N N

N N

N

N N

N

8

GEORGE CLOONEY

N

N

N

N

6

MATT DAMON

N

N N N

N

7

VIOLA DAVIS

N

N

N

3

BENICIO DEL TORO

N

N

2

MICHAEL DOUGLAS

N

N

N

3

ALBERT FINNEY

N N N

3

LUIS GUZMáN

N N

N

3

EDDIE JEMISON

N

N

N

N

6

DAVID JENSEN

N N N

N

N N

6

NICKY KATT

N

N

N

3

RILEY KEOUGH

N

N 2

JEROEN KRABBé

N N

N

3

JUDE LAW

N

N

2

JULIA ROBERTS

N

N N

4

CHANNING TATUM

N N N

N 4

CATHERINE ZETA-JONES

N N

N

3

"I've always gotten along with them," says Soderbergh of actors, "I try and make sure they're OK, and when they're in the zone, I leave them alone. I don't get in their way." His non-intrusive directorial style has attracted repeat performances by many high-profile movie stars. Julia Roberts had supporting roles in _Ocean's Eleven_, _Ocean's Twelve_ and _Full Frontal_, and won an Academy Award for Best Actress for her lead in _Erin Brockovich_. Benicio del Toro , who also won an Academy Award for his work in a Soderbergh film (_Traffic_), later starred in _Guerrilla_ and _The Argentine_. Catherine Zeta-Jones received a Golden Globe nomination for her portrayal of Helena in _Traffic_ (2000) and reteamed with him for box-office hit _Ocean's Twelve_ (2004) and _Side Effects_ (2013). But the actor he has collaborated most frequently with is George Clooney, who played the leading role in six of his films, and with whom he co-owned the film production company, Section Eight Productions . Section Eight produced the critical hits _ Far From Heaven _, _Insomnia _ and _ Syriana _, as well as the Clooney-directed films _ Confessions of a Dangerous Mind _ and _ Good Night, and Good Luck _.

Soderbergh often acts as his own director of photography under the alias of Peter Andrews and occasionally as his own editor under the alias of Mary Ann Bernard, his mother's maiden name. While shooting _Traffic_, Soderbergh wanted a credit of "Photographed and Directed by". The Writer's Guild (WGA) wouldn't allow another credit ahead of the writer. Because Soderbergh didn't want his name used more than once, he adopted a pseudonym, Peter Andrews, his father's first and middle names.

Soderbergh often utilizes Cliff Martinez or David Holmes to construct/compose the soundtracks to his movies, and when not cutting his own films, he relies on editor Stephen Mirrione .

AESTHETICS

Soderbergh has made big-budget Hollywood films as well as art-house independent films; works with above-the-title movie stars and unknowns; directs adaptations and original material, both of which written by himself as well as other screenwriters. His versatility is also apparent with the genres which he chooses to film and his trades as a filmmaker behind the scenes. _Traffic_ screenwriter and _Syriana_ director Stephen Gaghan named Soderbergh "the Michael Jordan of filmmaking" for his ability to assume so many distinct roles in film production.

While Soderbergh is enamoured of dialogue, Soderbergh's incorporation of score and montage are equally prevalent in his story-telling. Even Soderbergh's light-hearted affairs, such as _ Out of Sight _ and _Ocean's Eleven_, contain scenes where images and score are the dominant story-telling mechanisms. Films such as _Solaris_ and _Traffic_ are heavily layered in scenes absent of dialogue altogether. Cliff Martinez , a frequent collaborator with Soderbergh, composes many of the scores that provide Soderbergh with the thematic and sonic landscapes into which he inserts his characters.

But while Soderbergh's subject matter is highly varied, many of his films feature as a central theme the exploration of the act or moral consequences of lying. For example, the protagonists in two early films, _King of the Hill_ and _Sex, Lies, and Videotape_, are both pathological liars (one in training, one in recovery), while most of the characters in all three _Ocean's_ films are con artists. It is interesting to note that he directed Spalding Gray in _Gray\'s Anatomy _ after _King of the Hill_, an actor who often commented that he was unable to "make anything up." _Full Frontal _ is another film in this thread, where seemingly the fundamental dishonesty of the entire filmmaking process is exposed. More distantly, Soderbergh's interest in rhyming slang , as seen in _The Limey_ and the _Ocean's_ films, may be seen as part of this theme, based on the conjectured origin of rhyming slang as a language game .

In his review of _Full Frontal_, film critic Roger Ebert commented that, "Every once in a while, perhaps as an exercise in humility, Steven Soderbergh makes a truly inexplicable film... A film so amateurish that only the professionalism of some of the actors makes it watchable... It's the kind of film where you need the director telling you what he meant to do and what went wrong and how the actors screwed up and how there was no money for retakes, etc." About Soderbergh's film, _ The Good German _ and his emphasis on style over substance, film critic Richard Roeper commented that the film had to offer, "a lot of style. Not so much with the plot."

Soderbergh has, nonetheless, been dubbed a stylistic chameleon by Anne Thompson of _Premiere _. Drew Morton has extensively researched Soderbergh and has tied him to a modern movement much like the French New Wave .

Soderbergh also has a track record of honorable contributions in the cinematic arts; when the papers of writer and satirist Terry Southern were potentially in limbo following his untimely death in 1995, Soderbergh purchased and then donated the papers to the New York Public Library . _ Naqoyqatsi _, the final chapter of Godfrey Reggio 's _Qatsi_ trilogy, was completed after a delay of more than 10 years, only after Soderbergh stepped in to provide the necessary funding.

VIEWS

Soderbergh claims to not be a fan of possessory credits , and prefers not to have his name front and center at the start of a film. "The fact that I'm not an identifiable brand is very freeing," says Soderbergh, "because people get tired of brands and they switch brands. I've never had a desire to be out in front of anything, which is why I don't take a possessory credit."

On Monday, April 5, 2009, Soderbergh appeared before the Foreign Affairs Committee of the House of Representatives, and "cited the French initiative in asking lawmakers to deputize the American film industry to pursue copyright pirates," indicating he supports anti-piracy laws and Internet regulation.

PERSONAL LIFE

Soderbergh is married to television personality Jules Asner , whom he often credits for influencing his female characters. Soderbergh claims he no longer reads reviews of his movies. "After _Traffic_ I just stopped completely," says the director. "After winning the LA and New York film critics awards, I really felt like, this can only get worse". Steven has a daughter with his first wife, actress Betsy Brantley .

Soderbergh lives in New York City .

FILMOGRAPHY

YEAR TITLE DIRECTOR WRITER CINEMATOGRAPHER EDITOR PRODUCER NOTES

1985 _9012Live _ Yes

Concert film

_Access All Areas_ Yes

Short film

1987 _Winston_ Yes Yes

Short film

1989 _ Sex, Lies, and Videotape _ Yes Yes

Yes

Nominated - Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay

1991 _Kafka _ Yes

Yes

1993 _King of the Hill _ Yes Yes

Yes

_Suture _

Yes

1995 _The Underneath _ Yes Yes

Writer as Sam Lowry

1996 _ Schizopolis _ Yes Yes Yes Yes

Co-edited with Sarah Flack . Co-composed with Cliff Martinez Role: Fletcher Munson / Dr. Jeffrey Korchek

_Gray\'s Anatomy _ Yes

_ The Daytrippers _

Yes

1997 _Nightwatch _

Yes

1998 _ Out of Sight _ Yes

_Pleasantville _

Yes

1999 _ The Limey _ Yes

2000 _Erin Brockovich _ Yes

Nominated - Academy Award for Best Director

_Traffic _ Yes

Yes

Cinematographer as Peter Andrews. Won Academy Award for Best Director

2001 _Ocean\'s Eleven _ Yes

Yes

Cinematographer as Peter Andrews

_Who Is Bernard Tapie?_

Yes Documentary

_ Tribute _

Yes

2002 _Full Frontal _ Yes

Yes

Cinematographer as Peter Andrews

_Solaris _ Yes Yes Yes Yes

Cinematographer as Peter Andrews. Editor as Mary Ann Bernard

_ Confessions of a Dangerous Mind _

Yes

_Insomnia _

Yes

_ Welcome to Collinwood _

Yes

_ Naqoyqatsi _

Yes

2003 _ Able Edwards _

Yes

2004 _Eros _ Yes Yes Yes Yes

Segment: "Equilibrium"

_Ocean\'s Twelve _ Yes

Yes

Cinematographer as Peter Andrews

_Criminal _

Yes

Yes Writer as Sam Lowry

_Keane _

Yes

2005 _Bubble _ Yes

Yes Yes

Cinematographer as Peter Andrews. Editor as Mary Ann Bernard

_Symbiopsychotaxiplasm: Take 2 1/2_

Yes

_ Unscripted _

Yes

_The Big Empty _

Yes

_ Syriana _

Yes

_ Good Night, and Good Luck _

Yes

_ The Jacket _

Yes

_ Rumor Has It... _

Yes

2006 _ The Good German _ Yes

Yes Yes

Cinematographer as Peter Andrews. Editor as Mary Ann Bernard

_Pu-239 _

Yes

_A Scanner Darkly _

Yes

_Building No. 7_ Yes Yes

Yes

Short film

2007 _Ocean\'s Thirteen _ Yes

Yes

Cinematographer as Peter Andrews

_I\'m Not There _

Yes

_Michael Clayton _

Yes

_Wind Chill _

Yes

2008 _Che _ Yes

Yes

2-part film. Cinematographer as Peter Andrews

_Roman Polanski: Wanted and Desired _

Yes

2009 _ The Girlfriend Experience _ Yes

Yes Yes

Cinematographer as Peter Andrews. Editor as Mary Ann Bernard

_ The Informant! _ Yes

Yes

Cinematographer as Peter Andrews

_Playground _

Yes

_Solitary Man _

Yes

2010 _ And Everything Is Going Fine _ Yes

Documentary

_ Rebecca H. (Return to the Dogs) _

Yes

2011 _Contagion _ Yes

Yes

Cinematographer as Peter Andrews

_We Need to Talk About Kevin _

Yes

_His Way _

Yes

2012 _Haywire _ Yes

Yes Yes

Cinematographer as Peter Andrews. Editor as Mary Ann Bernard

_Roman Polanski: Odd Man Out_

Yes

_ Magic Mike _ Yes

Yes Yes

Cinematographer as Peter Andrews. Editor as Mary Ann Bernard

_The Hunger Games _

Second Unit Director

2013 _Side Effects _ Yes

Yes Yes

Cinematographer as Peter Andrews. Editor as Mary Ann Bernard

_ Behind the Candelabra _ Yes

Yes Yes

TV movie. Cinematographer as Peter Andrews. Editor as Mary Ann Bernard

2014 _ Citizenfour _

Yes

_ Da Sweet Blood of Jesus _

Yes Associate producer

2015 _ Magic Mike XXL _

Yes Yes

Cinematographer as Peter Andrews, camera operator

2017 _ Logan Lucky _ Yes

Yes Yes

In post-production

2018 _Ocean\'s Eight _

Yes In post-production

2018 _Unsane _ Yes

In post-production

TBA _Mosaic_ Yes

TV movie

TELEVISION

TITLE YEAR CREDITED AS NETWORK NOTES

_FALLEN ANGELS _ 1993–95 Director Showtime 2 episodes

_K STREET _ 2003 Director, editor, cinematographer, executive producer HBO Cinematographer as Peter Andrews Editor as Mary Ann Bernard

_UNSCRIPTED _ 2005 Executive producer HBO

_RED OAKS _ 2014– Executive producer Amazon Video

_THE KNICK _ 2014–2015 Director, editor, cinematographer, executive producer Cinemax Cinematographer as Peter Andrews Editor as Mary Ann Bernard

_THE GIRLFRIEND EXPERIENCE _ 2016 Executive producer Starz

_GODLESS _ TBA Creator, Executive producer Netflix

AUDIO COMMENTARIES

ON HIS OWN FILMS

* _ Sex, Lies, and Videotape _, with filmmaker Neil LaBute * _ Schizopolis _ * _ Out of Sight _, with screenwriter Scott Frank * _ The Limey _, with screenwriter Lem Dobbs * _Traffic _, with screenwriter Stephen Gaghan * _Ocean\'s Eleven _, with screenwriter Ted Griffin * _Full Frontal _, with screenwriter Coleman Hough * _Solaris _, with producer James Cameron * _Ocean\'s Twelve _, with screenwriter George Nolfi (Blu-ray only) * _Bubble _, with filmmaker Mark Romanek * _Ocean\'s Thirteen _, with screenwriters Brian Koppelman and David Levien (Blu-ray only) * _ The Girlfriend Experience _, with actress Sasha Grey * _ The Informant! _, with screenwriter Scott Z. Burns (Blu-ray only)

ON OTHER FILMS

* _ Apartment Zero _, with screenwriter/producer David Koepp * _Billy Budd _, with actor Terence Stamp * _Catch-22 _, with director Mike Nichols * _ Clean, Shaven _, with director Lodge Kerrigan * _ The Graduate _, with director Mike Nichols * _Point Blank _, with director John Boorman * _Seabiscuit _, with director Gary Ross * _Suture _, with directors Scott McGehee and David Siegel * _ The Third Man _, with screenwriter Tony Gilroy * _Who\'s Afraid of Virginia Woolf? _, with director Mike Nichols * _ The Yards _, with director James Gray

REFERENCES

* ^ _A_ _B_ Canby, Vincent (May 27, 1989). "CRITIC\'S NOTEBOOK; For the Cannes Winner, Untarnished Celebrity". _New York Times_. * ^ _A_ _B_ Ebert, Roger (January 27, 2006). "Reviews: Bubble". _Chicago Sun-Times_. * ^ Steven Soderbergh profile at Filmreference.com; retrieved January 22, 2012. * ^ Sherrill, Martha (August 27, 1989). "What next after \'sex, lies ...\'?", _ Tampa Bay Times _. pg 1F; retrieved 2012-01-22. * ^ " Steven Soderbergh on Quitting Hollywood, Getting the Best Out of J.Lo, and His Love of Girls". August 8, 2014. * ^ " Steven Soderbergh at Hollywood.com". Archived from the original on June 29, 2012. Retrieved December 20, 2007. * ^ Portwood, Jerry (April 25, 2013). "Soderbergh on Soderbergh". _Out _. * ^ "Biography of Steven Soderbergh at". IMDb. Retrieved December 19, 2007. * ^ " Steven Soderbergh biography at". Yahoo! Movies. Retrieved December 19, 2007. * ^ Marx, Rebecca Flint. " Steven Soderbergh profile at". AllMovie.com. Retrieved February 10, 2013. * ^ Mahadevan-Dasgupta, Uma (July 18, 2003). "A filmmaker\'s celluloid feats". _The Hindu_. * ^ "allmovie ((( Schizopolis > Overview )))". Retrieved December 19, 2007. * ^ Dennis Lim (January 3, 2001). "Both Sides Now. Having Your Way With Hollywood, or the Further Adventures of Steven Soderbergh". * ^ " Steven Soderbergh Movie Box Office Results". Retrieved December 19, 2007. * ^ "All Time Worldwide Box Office Grosses". Retrieved May 18, 2009. * ^ "Guild\'s National Board elects Martha Coolidge first woman president of DGA" (Press release). Directors Guild of America. March 9, 2002. * ^ _Will Soderbergh\'s \'Bubble\' Burst on Hollywood?_. January 24, 2006. Retrieved 2014-04-06. * ^ Anne Thompson (March 17, 2006). "Distributors hold firm against day-and-date". _The Hollywood Reporter_. * ^ Thompson, Anne (15 March 2006). "Challenges Seen for Film Biz After 2005 Slide". _Backstage _. Archived from the original on April 22, 2006. Retrieved 2014-04-16. * ^ Gary Gentile (January 18, 2006). "\'Bubble\' hits theaters, TV, DVD on same day". _USA Today_. * ^ Rob Thomas (March 17, 2006). "Independents\' day smaller markets to get films on TV at the same time they hit the theaters". _The Capital Times_. * ^ "Steven Soderbergh". _Anthem Magazine_. 7 January 2009. Retrieved 2014-04-16. * ^ "CHE". _Festival de Cannes_. * ^ Original news release: David Sullivan, " Sasha Grey Stars in Steven Soderbergh Feature", in: _Adult Video News_, AVN Media Network (online), 10-14-2008 * ^ David Sullivan, "Video: Soderbergh Directs Sasha Grey", in: _Adult Video News_, AVN Media Network (online), 10-15-2008 * ^ Video of _The Girlfriend Experience_ shoot at celebrities.com * ^ "Tot Mom". Sydney Theatre Company . Archived from the original on October 22, 2009. Retrieved 2014-04-16. * ^ Uncle Creepy (April 1, 2010). "Script Details Leak Out for Steven Soderbergh\'s Contagion". _ Dread Central _. Retrieved 2012-01-22. * ^ Chitwood, Adam (August 4, 2011). " Steven Soderbergh is Directing Second Unit on The Hunger Games". Collider. Retrieved January 8, 2012. * ^ "‘Hunger Games’ Director Gary Ross ‘Sorry’ About Cuts". _MTV News_. * ^ Lyttelton, Oliver (January 9, 2012). "Exclusive: Rooney Mara, Jude Law ">\'". _indieWire _. Retrieved January 19, 2012. * ^ "Berlinale Competition 2013: Another Nine Films Confirmed". _berlinale_. Retrieved January 11, 2013. * ^ HBO Films Backs Steven Soderbergh\'s Liberace Pic \'Behind The Candelabra\'; Set For Summer 2012 Shoot The Playlist. Blogs.indiewire.com. Retrieved on 2012-01-22. * ^ "2013 Official Selection". _Cannes_. April 18, 2013. Retrieved April 18, 2013. * ^ Syn, Theresa (3 October 2012). "Is Steven Soderbergh Retiring Or Not?". _ National Film Festival for Talented Youth _. Retrieved 2014-04-20. * ^ "\'Traffic\' director Steven Soderbergh Announces Retierment". Retrieved August 29, 2011. * ^ " Steven Soderbergh Confirms Plans to Leave Hollywood and Become a Painter". _Huffington Post_. August 29, 2011. Retrieved August 29, 2011. * ^ Zakarin, Jordan (September 5, 2011). " Steven Soderbergh Now Denies Retiring". _Huffington Post_. Retrieved 2011-11-26. * ^ Steinberg, Don (31 January 2013). "Steven Soderbergh: Restless Behind the Camera". _The Wall Street Journal_. Retrieved 2014-04-21. * ^ "Steven Soderbergh\'s State Of Cinema Talk". _ Deadline.com _. 30 April 2013. Retrieved 2014-04-21. * ^ Bailey, Maria (9 November 2013). " Steven Soderbergh takes NYC back a century or so for Cinemax series \'The Knick\'". _Daily News_. New York. Retrieved 2014-04-21. * ^ Brock, Ben (17 December 2013). "Watch: First Footage From Steven Soderbergh\'s \'The Knick\' & More 2014 TV Highlights". _ Indiewire Blogs_. Retrieved 2014-04-21. * ^ Perez, Rodrigo (December 21, 2015). " Steven Soderbergh Says More ‘The Knick’ Is Coming, Reveals Rough Plan For Season 3 & Beyond". Indiewire. Retrieved December 21, 2015. * ^ Harris, Mark (October 6, 2013). "Him and Her: How Spike Jonze Made the Weirdest, Most Timely Romance of the Year". _Vulture _. Retrieved December 5, 2013. * ^ Myles, Sarah (17 January 2014). " Steven Soderbergh Heads Off-Broadway With The Library". _We Got This Covered_. Retrieved 2014-04-21. * ^ Andreeva, Nellie. " Starz Orders Steven Soderbergh Anthology Series ‘The Girlfriend Experience’ Based On His Movie". _ Deadline.com _. Retrieved 9 January 2016. * ^ Wagmeister, Elizabeth. " Steven Soderbergh Sets Up Mystery Project ‘Mosaic’ at HBO, Sharon Stone Set to Star". _Variety _. Retrieved 9 January 2016. * ^ Kroll, Justin (February 4, 2016). " Steven Soderbergh to End Film Retirement for Channing Tatum Movie (EXCLUSIVE)". * ^ "Bitchuation on Twitter". * ^ Hipes, Patrick (2017-02-16). "Bleecker Street Inks U.S. Deal For Steven Soderbergh’s ‘Logan Lucky’, Sets August Release". _Deadline_. Retrieved 2017-06-16. * ^ http://www.tracking-board.com/steven-soderbergh-claire-foy-team-for-secret-movie-shot-on-iphone-exclusive/ * ^ http://variety.com/2017/film/news/juno-temple-claire-foy-in-steven-soderbergh-pic-exclusive-1202499189/ * ^ "Extension 765". _Extension 765_. * ^ "Psychos". _Extension 765_. 24 February 2014. Retrieved 2014-10-06. * ^ Luxford, James (February 26, 2014). "The two Normans: Steven Soderbergh\'s Psycho double". The Guardian . Retrieved April 27, 2014.

* ^ Arons, Rachel (March 4, 2014). "Double "Psycho"". The New Yorker . Retrieved April 27, 2014. * ^ Adams, Sam (April 22, 2014). " Steven Soderbergh Cuts "Heaven\'s Gate" Down to Size". Indiewire . Retrieved April 27, 2014. * ^ " Steven Soderbergh Takes A Cleaver To Michael Cimino With HEAVEN\'S GATE: THE BUTCHER\'S CUT!". Ain\'t It Cool News . April 21, 2014. Retrieved April 27, 2014. * ^ "Extension 765, Raiders". _Extension 765_. * ^ "THE RETURN OF W. DE RIJK". _Extension 765_. January 14, 2015. * ^ "REVIEW: Steven Soderbergh’s Recut of "2001: A Space Odyssey"". _technology tell_. January 16, 2015. * ^ Graser, Marc (July 9, 2009). "Sony still game for \'Moneyball\'". _Variety_. Retrieved July 9, 2009. * ^ George Clooney back injury forced \'Man From U.N.C.L.E.\' exit, says writer – Movies News. Digital Spy (September 7, 2011). Retrieved on 2012-01-22. * ^ "Exclusive: Steven Soderbergh Spies Other Plans, Won\'t Direct \'The Man From U.N.C.L.E.\'". November 18, 2011. Retrieved August 5, 2013. * ^ Steven Soderbergh Reveals He Dropped A Leni Riefenstahl Biopic To Do \'Contagion\' Instead The Playlist. Blogs.indiewire.com. Retrieved on 2012-01-22. * ^ Ellen A. Kim (December 3, 2000). ""Traffic": Steven Soderbergh Interview". Hollywood.com. * ^ _A_ _B_ Steven Soderbergh on IMDb * ^ "Conversation About \'Traffic\' – Screenwriter Stephen Gaghan talks about his new film, "Traffic" Charlie Rose (refers to Soderbergh as "Michael Jordan") December 27,200". Discussion-for-you.com. Retrieved August 7, 2012. * ^ "The Limey" review by Jeff Vorndam (creative editing techniques and hand-held camerawork). Aboutfilm.com. Retrieved on 2012-01-22. * ^ Ebert, Roger (August 2, 2002). "Full Frontal". _Chicago Sun Times_. Retrieved 2012-01-22. * ^ Rotten Tomatoes reviews top critics "The Good German" Richard Roeper. Rottentomatoes.com. Retrieved on 2012-01-22. * ^ Anne Thompson. "Steven Soderbergh: The Filmmaker Series". Retrieved December 19, 2007. * ^ Drew Morton. " French New Wave Influences in Steven Soderbergh Films". Retrieved December 19, 2007. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ "Steven Soderbergh: The Girlfriend Experience". _ SuicideGirls.com _. May 21, 2009. Retrieved May 21, 2009. * ^ Kevin J. O'Brien (April 8, 2009). "France Moves to Crack Down on Internet Piracy". _The New York Times_.

FURTHER READING

* Waxman, Sharon (2005). _Rebels on the Backlot: Six Maverick Directors and How They Conquered the Hollywood Studio System_. New York: HarperEntertainment. ISBN 9780060540173 .

EXTERNAL LINKS

_ Wikimedia Commons has media

.