STEPHEN MOYLAN (1737 – April 11, 1811) was an Irish American
patriot leader during the
American Revolutionary War
American Revolutionary War . He had several
positions in the
Continental Army including Muster-Master General,
Secretary and Aide to General
George Washington , 2nd Quartermaster
General , Commander of The Fourth Continental Light Dragoons and
Commander of the Cavalry of the
Continental Army .
In January 1776, he wrote a letter using the term "United States of
America", the earliest known use of that phrase.
* 1 Early life
* 2 Revolution
* 3 Later life and family
* 4 References
* 5 External links
Stephen Moylan was born to a prominent
Catholic family in Cork ,
Ireland . His family sent him to be educated in
Paris . Moylan then
Lisbon for three years in the family shipping firm. He
Philadelphia in 1768 to organize his own shipping firm. He
was one of the organizers of the
Friendly Sons of St. Patrick , an
Irish-American fraternal organization, and served as its first
Moylan joined the American
Continental Army in 1775 and was appointed
Muster-Master General on August 11, 1775. His experience in the
shipping industry afforded the United States a well qualified ship
outfitter, who would help fit out the first ships of the Continental
Navy . On March 5, 1776, he became secretary to General George
Washington . He was promoted to
Colonel and was appointed
Quartermaster General in the American
Continental Army on June 5,
Thomas Mifflin . He resigned from this office on
September 28, 1776. However, he continued to serve as a volunteer of
General Washington's staff through December 1776.
Moylan was appointed to command the
4th Continental Light Dragoons ,
also known as MOYLAN\'S HORSE, on January 3, 1777, at
The regiment would be noted for taking the field in captured British
Red Coats. However, they would see action in green coats at the Battle
of Brandywine on September 11, 1777, and the
Battle of Germantown
Battle of Germantown on
October 4, 1777, and end the year by protecting the Cantonment at
Valley Forge . Col. Moylan succeeded
General Pulaski as Commander of
the Cavalry in March 1778. Moylan's Horse would see action at the
Battle of Monmouth
Battle of Monmouth on June 28, 1778.
In the campaign of 1779 Col. Moylan and the 4th Dragoons would be
Pound Ridge, New York , and see action when the British
Norwalk, Connecticut , on July 11, 1779. Col. Moylan and the
4th Dragoons took part in the Battle of Springfield, New Jersey , on
June 23, 1780, and
General Anthony Wayne 's expedition at Bull's
Ferry, New Jersey, on July 20, 1780. Col. Moylan commanded his
Dragoons at the
Siege of Yorktown
Siege of Yorktown in October 1781, after which he was
to take the cavalry to the Southern Campaign. However, his failing
health caused him to leave the field and return to Philadelphia, where
he constantly appealed to the
Continental Congress to man, equip and
maintain the Continental Dragoon Regiments.
He was rewarded for his service by being breveted to brigadier
general on November 3, 1783.
LATER LIFE AND FAMILY
Moylan was married to Miss Mary Ricketts Van Horne on September 12,
1778, and had two daughters, Elizabeth Catherine, and Maria. His two
sons died as children.
Stephen Moylan died in Philadelphia, April 11,
1811, and is buried there in St. Mary\'s Churchyard .
* ^ "Who Coined the Phrase \'United States of America\'? You May
Never Guess". New York Historical Society.
* ^ A B C "
Colonel Stephen Moylan", US Army