The Info List - Stephen Moylan

--- Advertisement ---

Stephen Moylan (1737 – April 11, 1811) was an Irish American
Irish American
patriot leader during the American Revolutionary War. He had several positions in the Continental Army
Continental Army
including Muster-Master General, Secretary and Aide to General George Washington, 2nd Quartermaster General, Commander of The Fourth Continental Light Dragoons and Commander of the Cavalry of the Continental Army. In January 1776, he wrote a letter using the term "United States of America", the earliest known use of that phrase.[1]


1 Early life 2 Revolution 3 Later life and family 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Early life[edit] Stephen Moylan was born to a prominent Catholic
family in Cork, Ireland. His family sent him to be educated in Paris. Moylan then worked in Lisbon
for three years in the family shipping firm. He settled in Philadelphia
in 1768 to organize his own shipping firm. He was one of the organizers of the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, an Irish-American fraternal organization, and served as its first president.[2] Revolution[edit] Moylan joined the American Continental Army
Continental Army
in 1775 and was appointed Muster-Master General on August 11, 1775. His experience in the shipping industry afforded the United States a well qualified ship outfitter, who would help fit out the first ships of the Continental Navy. On March 5, 1776, he became secretary to General George Washington. He was promoted to Colonel
and was appointed Quartermaster General in the American Continental Army
Continental Army
on June 5, 1776, succeeding Thomas Mifflin.[2] He resigned from this office on September 28, 1776. However, he continued to serve as a volunteer of General Washington's staff through December 1776. Moylan was appointed to command the 4th Continental Light Dragoons, also known as Moylan's Horse, on January 3, 1777, at Philadelphia. The regiment would be noted for taking the field in captured British Red Coats. However, they would see action in green coats at the Battle of Brandywine on September 11, 1777, and the Battle of Germantown
Battle of Germantown
on October 4, 1777, and end the year by protecting the Cantonment at Valley Forge. Col. Moylan succeeded General Pulaski
General Pulaski
as Commander of the Cavalry in March 1778. Moylan's Horse would see action at the Battle of Monmouth
Battle of Monmouth
on June 28, 1778. In the campaign of 1779 Col. Moylan and the 4th Dragoons would be stationed at Pound Ridge, New York, and see action when the British raided Norwalk, Connecticut, on July 11, 1779. Col. Moylan and the 4th Dragoons took part in the Battle of Springfield, New Jersey, on June 23, 1780, and General Anthony Wayne's expedition at Bull's Ferry, New Jersey, on July 20, 1780. Col. Moylan commanded his Dragoons at the Siege of Yorktown
Siege of Yorktown
in October 1781, after which he was to take the cavalry to the Southern Campaign. However, his failing health caused him to leave the field and return to Philadelphia, where he constantly appealed to the Continental Congress
Continental Congress
to man, equip and maintain the Continental Dragoon Regiments. He was rewarded for his service by being breveted to brigadier general on November 3, 1783. Later life and family[edit] Moylan was married to Miss Mary Ricketts Van Horne on September 12, 1778, and had two daughters, Elizabeth Catherine, and Maria. His two sons died as children. Stephen Moylan died in Philadelphia, April 11, 1811, and is buried there in St. Mary's Churchyard.[2] See also[edit]

Van Horne House – Wife's father


^ "Who Coined the Phrase 'United States of America'? You May Never Guess". New York Historical Society.  ^ a b c " Colonel
Stephen Moylan", US Army Quartermaster Foundation

External links[edit]

Encyclopedia Biography at Virtualology.com Biography and portrait at Quartermaster-Generals Biography and Historical References at IV Dragoon Stephen Moylan at Find a Grave

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 28806491 LCCN: n97002