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Stefanie Maria "Steffi" Graf (German pronunciation: [ˈʃtɛfiː ˈgʁa:f]; born 14 June 1969) is a German former professional tennis player. She was ranked world No. 1 and won 22 Grand Slam singles titles.[3] Her 22 singles titles put her second on the list of major wins in the female competition since the introduction of the Open Era in 1968 and is third all-time behind Margaret Court
Margaret Court
(24) and Serena Williams (23). In 1988, she became the first and only tennis player (male or female) to achieve the Golden Slam
Golden Slam
by winning all four Grand Slam singles titles and the Olympic gold medal in the same calendar year.[4] Furthermore, she is the only tennis player to have won each Grand Slam tournament at least four times. Graf was ranked world No. 1 by the Women's Tennis
Tennis
Association (WTA) for a record 377 total weeks—the longest period for which any player, male or female, has held the number-one ranking since the WTA and the Association of Tennis
Tennis
Professionals began issuing rankings.[5] She won 107 singles titles, which ranks her third on the WTA's all-time list after Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
(167 titles) and Chris Evert (157 titles). She and Margaret Court
Margaret Court
are the only players, male or female, to win three Grand Slam tournaments in a calendar year five times (1988, 1989, 1993, 1995 and 1996). Notable features of Graf's game were her versatility across all playing surfaces, footwork and her powerful forehand drive.[6] Graf's athletic ability and aggressive game played from the baseline have been credited with developing the modern style of play that has come to dominate today's game.[7][8][9][10] She won six French Open
French Open
singles titles (second to Evert), seven Wimbledon singles titles, four Australian Open
Australian Open
titles, and five U.S. Open singles titles. She is the only singles player (male or female) to have achieved a Grand Slam since hard court was introduced as a surface at the US Open in 1978. Consequently, Graf's Grand Slam was achieved on grass, clay, and hard court while the previous five Grand Slams were decided on only grass and clay. Graf reached thirteen consecutive major singles finals, from the 1987 French Open
French Open
through to the 1990 French Open, winning nine of them. She won 5 consecutive major singles tournaments (1988 Australian Open to 1989 Australian Open), and seven out of eight, in two calendar years (1988 Australian Open
Australian Open
to 1989 US Open, except 1989 French Open). She reached a total of 31 major singles finals. Graf is regarded by many to be the greatest female tennis player of all time. Navratilova included Graf on her list of great players. In 1999 Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
said "Steffi is definitely the greatest women's tennis player of all time".[11] In December 1999, Graf was named the greatest female tennis player of the 20th century by a panel of experts assembled by the Associated Press.[12] Tennis
Tennis
writer Steve Flink, in his book The Greatest Tennis
Tennis
Matches of the Twentieth Century, named her as the best female player of the 20th century.[13] In March 2012, Tennis
Tennis
Channel picked Graf as the greatest female tennis player ever in their list of 100 greatest tennis players of all time.[14] Along with countryman Boris Becker, Graf was considered instrumental in popularizing tennis in Germany, where it has remained a highly popular sport ever since.[15][16][17] Graf retired in 1999 while she was ranked world No. 3. She married former world No. 1 men's tennis player Andre Agassi
Andre Agassi
in October 2001. They have two children – Jaden Gil and Jaz Elle. Graf was inducted into the Tennis
Tennis
Hall of Fame in 2004.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career

2.1 Early career 2.2 Breakthrough year: 1987 2.3 Unprecedented Golden Slam: 1988 2.4 New challengers and personal challenges

2.4.1 1989 2.4.2 1990 2.4.3 1991 2.4.4 1992

2.5 Second period of dominance

2.5.1 1993 2.5.2 1994 2.5.3 1995 2.5.4 1996

2.6 Final years on the tour: 1997–99 2.7 Doubles career 2.8 Post-career exhibition matches 2.9 Summary of career

3 Career statistics

3.1 Records

4 Playing style 5 Equipment and endorsements 6 Personal life 7 Awards and honours 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

Early life[edit] Stefanie Graf was born on 14 June 1969, in Mannheim, Baden-Württemberg, West Germany, to Heidi Schalk and Peter Graf (18 June 1938 − 30 November 2013), a car and insurance salesman. When she was nine years old her family moved to the neighbouring town of Brühl. She has a younger brother Michael.[18] Graf was introduced to tennis by her father, an aspiring tennis coach, who taught his three-year-old daughter how to swing a wooden racket in the family's living room.[19] She began practicing on a court at the age of four and played in her first tournament at five. She soon began winning junior tournaments with regularity, and in 1982 she won the European Championships 12s and 18s. Career[edit] Early career[edit] Graf played in her first professional tournament in October 1982 at Stuttgart, Germany. She lost her first round match 6–4, 6–0 to Tracy Austin, a two-time US Open champion and former world No. 1 player. (Twelve years later, Graf defeated Austin 6–0, 6–0 during a second round match at the Evert Cup in Indian Wells, California, which was their second and last match against each other.) At the start of her first full professional year in 1983, Graf was 13 years old and ranked world No. 124. She won no titles during the next three years, but her ranking climbed steadily to world No. 98 in 1983, No. 22 in 1984, and No. 6 in 1985. In 1984, she first gained international attention when she almost upset the tenth seed, Jo Durie of the United Kingdom, in a fourth round Centre Court
Centre Court
match at Wimbledon. In August as a 15-year-old (and youngest entrant) representing West Germany, she won the tennis demonstration event at the 1984 Olympic Games in Los Angeles. No medals were awarded as this was not an official Olympic event.[20] Graf's schedule was closely controlled by her father, who limited her play so that she would not burn out.[21] In 1985, for instance, she played only ten events leading up to the US Open, whereas another up-and-coming star, Gabriela Sabatini
Gabriela Sabatini
of Argentina, who was a year younger than Graf, played 21. Peter also kept a tight rein on Graf's personal life. Social invitations on the tour were often declined as Graf's focus was kept on practicing and match play. Working with her father and then-coach Pavel Složil, Graf typically practiced for up to four hours a day, often heading straight from airports to practice courts. This narrow focus meant that Graf, already shy and retiring by nature,[21] made few friends on the tour in her early years, but it led to a steady improvement in her play. In 1985 and early 1986, Graf emerged as the top challenger to the dominance of Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
and Chris Evert.[22] During that period, she lost six times to Evert and three times to Navratilova, all in straight sets. She did not win a tournament but consistently reached tournament finals and semifinals, with the highlight being her semifinal loss to Navratilova at the US Open. On 13 April 1986, Graf won her first WTA tournament and beat Evert for the first time in the final of the Family Circle Cup
Family Circle Cup
in Hilton Head, South Carolina. (She never lost to Evert again, beating her a further seven times over the next three and a half years.) Graf then won her next three tournaments at Amelia Island, Charleston, and Berlin, culminating in a 6–2, 6–3 defeat of Navratilova in the final of the latter. Illness caused her to miss Wimbledon,[23] and an accident where she broke a toe several weeks later also curtailed her play. She returned to win a small tournament at Mahwah just before the US Open where, in one of the most anticipated matches of the year, she encountered Navratilova in a semifinal. The match was played over two days with Navratilova finally winning after saving three match points 6–1, 6–7, 7–6. Graf then won three consecutive indoor titles at Tokyo, Zurich, and Brighton, before once again contending with Navratilova at the season-ending Virginia Slims Championships in New York. This time, Navratilova beat Graf 7–6, 6–3, 6–2. Breakthrough year: 1987[edit] Graf's Grand Slam tournament breakthrough came in 1987. She started the year strongly, with six tournament victories heading into the French Open, the highlight being at the tournament in Miami, where she defeated Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
in a semifinal and Chris Evert
Chris Evert
in the final and conceded only 20 games in the seven rounds of the tournament. In the French Open
French Open
final, Graf defeated Navratilova, who was the world No. 1, 6–4, 4–6, 8–6 after beating Sabatini in a three-set semifinal. Graf then lost to Navratilova 7–5, 6–3 in the Wimbledon final, her first loss of the year. However, in the Federation Cup final in Vancouver, Canada, three weeks later, she defeated Evert easily 6–2, 6–1. The US Open ended anti-climactically as Navratilova defeated Graf in the final 7–6, 6–1. Graf had a win-loss record of 75-2 for a 97.4 winning percentage in 1987, both losses coming to Navratilova as they split the four matches they played during the year. On August 17, after defeating Evert in a straight set final in the Virginia Slims of Los Angeles, Graf overtook Navratilova for the world No. 1 ranking for the first time in her career, a ranking she would hold for the next 186 consecutive-weeks, a record that has not been broken (although it was tied by Serena Williams in 2016, who also held the ranking for 186 consecutive weeks). Graf was the first player other than Navratilova or Evert to hold the top spot since Tracy Austin
Tracy Austin
in 1980.[24] Unprecedented Golden Slam: 1988[edit]

Seoul women's tennis results

Graf started 1988 by winning the Australian Open, defeating Chris Evert in the final 6–1, 7–6. Graf did not lose a set during the tournament and lost a total of only 29 games. Graf lost twice to Sabatini during the spring, once on hardcourts in Boca Raton, Florida, and once on clay at Amelia Island, Florida. Graf, however, won the tournament in San Antonio, Texas, and retained her title in Miami, where she once again defeated Evert in the final. Graf then won the tournament in Berlin, losing only twelve games in five matches. At the French Open, Graf successfully defended her title by defeating Natasha Zvereva
Natasha Zvereva
6–0, 6–0 in a 32-minute final.[25][26][27] That was the shortest-ever and most one-sided Grand Slam final ever and the only double bagel in a Major final since 1911.[28] Zvereva, who had eliminated Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
in the fourth round, won only thirteen points in the match.[28] Next came Wimbledon, where Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
had won six straight titles. Graf was trailing Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
in the final 7–5, 2–0 before winning the match 5–7, 6–2, 6–1.[29] She then won tournaments in Hamburg and Mahwah (where she lost only eight games all tournament). At the US Open, Graf beat Sabatini in a three-set final to win the Grand Slam by 6–3, 3–6, 6–1, a feat previously performed by only two other women, Maureen Connolly Brinker
Maureen Connolly Brinker
in 1953 and Margaret Court in 1970. Graf's 1988 Grand Slam remains the only one in history completed on three surfaces (grass, clay, hard court), as all other Grand Slams in tennis history were achieved prior to the introduction of hard court at the US Open in 1978.[30] Graf then defeated Sabatini 6–3, 6–3 in the gold medal match at the Olympic Games in Seoul and achieved what the media had dubbed the "Golden Slam".[31] The feat has only been achieved by Graf to date. Graf also won her only Grand Slam doubles title that year—at Wimbledon partnering Sabatini—and picked up a women's doubles Olympic bronze medal. At the year-ending Virginia Slims Championships, Graf was upset by Pam Shriver, only her third loss of the year. She was named the 1988 BBC Overseas Sports Personality of the Year. At the end of the year, the municipality of Brühl, her hometown, gave her the title of honorary citizen. New challengers and personal challenges[edit]

Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
backhand

1989[edit] Speculation was rife at the beginning of 1989 about the possibility of Graf winning another Grand Slam. Some noted observers, such as Margaret Court, suggested that Graf could achieve the feat a couple more times. And the year began as expected, with Graf extending her Grand Slam tournament winning streak to five events at the Australian Open, defeating Helena Suková
Helena Suková
in the final. Her 6–3, 6–0 defeat of Argentina's Gabriela Sabatini
Gabriela Sabatini
in a semifinal was described by veteran observer Ted Tinling
Ted Tinling
as "probably the best tennis I've seen".[32] He went on to add, "I saw what Steffi did to Sabatini at the Australian Open
Australian Open
this year, and that was it. She is better than them all." [33] Graf followed this with easy victories in her next four tournaments at Washington, D.C., San Antonio, Texas, Boca Raton, Florida, and Hilton Head, South Carolina. The Washington, D.C. tournament was notable because Graf won the first twenty points of the final against Zina Garrison.[34] In the Boca Raton final, Graf lost the only set she conceded to Chris Evert
Chris Evert
in their final seven matches.[35] In the subsequent Amelia Island final on clay, Graf lost her first match of the year to Sabatini but returned to European clay with easy victories at Hamburg and Berlin. Graf's Grand Slam tournament winning streak ended at the French Open, where 17-year-old Spaniard Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
beat Graf in three sets. Graf served for the match at 5–3 in the third set but lost the game and won only three more points in the match. Suffering from food poisoning, she had struggled to beat Monica Seles
Monica Seles
in their semifinal 6–3, 3–6, 6–3 and said that she had had menstrual cramps in the final.[36][37] Graf, however, recovered to defeat Martina Navratilova 6–2, 6–7, 6–1 in the Wimbledon final after defeating Monica Seles 6–0, 6–1 in a fourth round match, Arantxa Sánchez Vicario in a quarterfinal, and Chris Evert
Chris Evert
in a semifinal. Graf warmed up for the US Open with easy tournament victories in San Diego and Mahwah. In her semifinal match at the US Open, Graf defeated Sabatini 3–6, 6–4, 6–2. The match was notable for its dramatic ending. Having suffered from leg cramps since the middle of the third set, Graf ran off the court seconds after match point to seek medical treatment.[38] In the final, Navratilova led 6–3, 4–2 before Graf rallied to win 3–6, 7–5, 6–1 for her third Grand Slam singles title of the year. Victories at Zurich and Brighton
Brighton
preceded the Virginia Slims Championships, where Graf cemented her top-ranked status by beating Navratilova in the final in four sets. Graf ended 1989 with an 86–2 match record and the loss of only twelve sets. Her .977 winning percentage is the second-highest in the open era behind Navratilova.[39] 1990[edit] Graf defeated Mary Joe Fernández
Mary Joe Fernández
in the final of the Australian Open, which was her eighth Grand Slam singles title in the last nine she contested. She survived an intense 3 set battle with Helena Sukova in the semis, breaking in the 10th and final game to win the 3rd set 6-4. Her winning streak (unbeaten since the 1989 French Open
French Open
loss to Arantxa Sánchez Vicario) continued with victories in Tokyo, Amelia Island, and Hamburg. Shortly after winning in Tokyo, Graf injured her right thumb while cross-country skiing in Switzerland
Switzerland
and subsequently withdrew from the Virginia Slims of Florida and the Lipton Championships.[40] In Berlin, she extended her unbeaten streak to 66 matches (second in WTA history to Navratilova's 74) before losing the final to Monica Seles, 6–4, 6–3. While the Berlin tournament was being played, the largest-circulation German tabloid, Bild, ran a story about an alleged scandal involving Graf's father. The difficulty of answering questions about the matter came to a head at a Wimbledon press conference, where Graf broke down in tears. Wimbledon authorities then threatened to immediately shut down any subsequent press conferences where questions about the issue were asked. Whether this scandal affected Graf's form is open to debate. In an interview with Stern magazine in July 1990, Graf stated, "I could not fight as usual."[41] Graf again lost to Monica Seles
Monica Seles
in the final of the French Open
French Open
7–6, 6–4. Seles was behind 2–6 in the first-set tiebreaker, but then came back to win six points in a row and take the set. At Wimbledon, Graf lost in the semifinals to Zina Garrison, who with this victory broke Graf's string of 13 consecutive Major finals. This was a major upset as Garrison had to save a match point to defeat Monica Seles
Monica Seles
in the quarterfinal, and was expected to easily fall to Graf, whom she had not beaten since Graf was 16 years old. After victories in Montreal and San Diego, Graf reached the US Open final, where she lost in straight sets to Sabatini. Graf won four indoor tournaments after the US Open, including a pair of straight set wins over Sabatini in the finals of Zürich and Worcester. Although Sabatini got the best of Graf in the semifinals of the season-ending Virginia Slims Championships, Graf still finished the year as the top-ranked player. 1991[edit] A mixture of injury problems, personal difficulties, and loss of form made 1991 a tough year for Graf. Seles established herself as the new dominant player on the women's tour, winning the Australian Open, French Open, and US Open and, in March, ending Graf's record 186 consecutive-weeks hold on the World No. 1 ranking.[39] Graf briefly regained the top ranking after winning at Wimbledon but lost it again after her loss to Navratilova at the US Open. Graf lost an Australian Open
Australian Open
quarterfinal to Jana Novotná, the first time she did not reach the semifinals of a Grand Slam singles tournament since the 1986 French Open. She then lost to Sabatini in her next three tournaments before winning the U.S. Hardcourt Championships in San Antonio, beating Monica Seles
Monica Seles
in the final. After losing a fifth straight time to Sabatini in Amelia Island, Florida, Graf again defeated Seles in the Hamburg final. Following her tournament victory in German Open in Berlin, Graf suffered one of the worst defeats of her career in a French Open
French Open
semifinal where she won only two games against Sánchez Vicario and lost her first 6–0 set since 1984. At Wimbledon, however, Graf captured her third women's crown, this time at Sabatini's expense. Sabatini served for the match twice, and was two points away from her first Wimbledon title. After breaking Sabatini's serve to even the third set at 6–6, Graf defeated Sabatini by winning the next two games to take the match 6–4, 3–6, 8–6. Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
then defeated Graf 7–6, 6–7, 6–4 in a US Open semifinal, the first time she had beaten Graf in four years. Graf then won in Leipzig, with her 500th career victory coming in a quarterfinal against Judith Wiesner. After winning two more indoor tournaments at Zurich and Brighton, she failed once again in the Virginia Slims Championships, losing her quarterfinal to Novotná. Soon after, she split with her long-time coach, Pavel Složil. 1992[edit] A bout of rubella forced Graf to miss the first major event of 1992, the Australian Open. Her year continued indifferently with losses in three of her first four tournaments, including a semifinal loss to Jana Novotná
Jana Novotná
in Chicago. It was Graf's second consecutive loss to Novotna, and dating back to their 1991 Australian Open
Australian Open
quarterfinal match, Jana had won three of their last five meetings. It would also be the last loss Graf would ever have to Novotna in a match she completed (she did have a loss after withdrawing with injury after the first set of a late 1996 match). Chicago was notable, however, for being the first tournament Graf played with her new coach, former Swiss player Heinz Günthardt. Graf's father had approached Günthardt during the 1991 Virginia Slims Championships.[42] She would work with him for the remainder of her career.[43] In Boca Raton, Florida, Graf reached her first final of the year, where she faced Conchita Martínez for the title. In their five previous head-to-head matches, Graf had defeated Martínez each time. Even though Conchita won the opening set, Graf went on to prevail in three sets. She lost twice to Sabatini in the early spring at the Lipton International and the Bausch & Lomb Championships, which now brought her to 7 losses in her last 8 matches against Sabatini; however, the Bausch & Lomb loss would be Graf's final loss to Sabatini, winning her next, and last, eight matches against Sabatini.[44] Victories at Hamburg and Berlin (beating Sánchez Vicario in the finals of both) prepared her for the French Open, where she defeated Sánchez Vicario in the semifinals after losing the first set 6–0. Graf then lost a closely contested final to Monica Seles, 6-2, 3-6, 10-8. Seles won the match on her 5th match point; Graf came within two points of winning the match a few games earlier. At Wimbledon, after struggling through early-round three-setters against Mariaan de Swardt and Patty Fendick, she easily defeated Natasha Zvereva
Natasha Zvereva
in the quarterfinal, Sabatini in the semifinal, and Seles in the final 6–2, 6–1, with Seles playing in almost complete silence because of widespread media and player criticism of her grunting. Graf then won all five of her Fed Cup
Fed Cup
matches, helping Germany
Germany
defeat Spain
Spain
in the final by defeating Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
6–4, 6–2. At the Olympic Games in Barcelona, Graf lost to Jennifer Capriati
Jennifer Capriati
in the final and claimed the silver medal. At the US Open, Graf was upset in the quarterfinal by Sánchez Vicario 7–6, 6–3. Four consecutive indoor tournament victories in the autumn helped improve her season, but for the third consecutive year, she failed to win the Virginia Slims Championships, where she lost in the first round to Lori McNeil. Second period of dominance[edit] 1993[edit] Graf began 1993 with four losses in her first six tournaments of the year: two to Sánchez Vicario and one each to Seles and the 36-year-old Martina Navratilova. She struggled at the tournament in Berlin where she lost a 6–0 set to the unheralded Sabine Hack before defeating Mary Joe Fernández
Mary Joe Fernández
and Sabatini in three-set matches to claim her seventh title there in eight years. Monica Seles
Monica Seles
beat Graf in three sets in the final of the Australian Open 4–6, 6–3, 6–2. This cemented Seles as the dominant No. 1 player in the world, having won five of the previous six, seven of the previous nine, and eight of the previous 12 major singles titles. In that timespan of 12 majors, Graf had won twice (1991 and 1992 Wimbledon) in comparison. During a quarterfinal match between Seles and Magdalena Maleeva
Magdalena Maleeva
in Hamburg, Seles was stabbed between the shoulder blades by a mentally ill German fan of Graf, Günter Parche. He claimed that he committed the attack to help Graf reclaim the world No. 1 ranking. More than two years elapsed before Seles competed again. Shortly after the stabbing, at the Italian Open in Rome, 17 of the world's top 25 WTA members voted against preserving Seles' world No. 1 ranking while she was sidelined (only Sabatini abstained from this vote). Since Graf skipped the Italian Open, she did not take part in the vote.[45][46] Following the absence of Seles, Graf won 65 of 67 matches,[47] three of four Grand Slam events and the year-end Virginia Slims championships. She won her first French Open
French Open
title since 1988 with a three-set victory over Mary Joe Fernández
Mary Joe Fernández
in the final. Fernandez had two break points to take a 3-0 and double break lead in the third set. The win elevated Graf to the World No. 1 ranking for the first time in 22 months. At Wimbledon, Graf defeated Jana Novotná
Jana Novotná
to win her third consecutive, and fifth overall, ladies' title. In the third and deciding set, Novotná had a point to go up 5–1 on her serve. After breaking Novotná's serve, Graf won the next four games to take the match 7–6, 1–6, 6–4. Graf had a bone splinter in her right foot during this tournament (and for the next few months), finally resulting in surgery on 4 October.[48] In the meantime, she lost surprisingly to Nicole Bradtke of Australia in a Fed Cup
Fed Cup
match on clay before winning the Acura Classic in San Diego and the Canadian Open in Toronto in preparation for the US Open. She won there, comfortably beating Helena Suková
Helena Suková
in the final after needing three sets to eliminate Gabriela Sabatini
Gabriela Sabatini
and Manuela Maleeva-Fragniere in the quarterfinals and semifinals respectively. In the fall, Graf won the Volkswagen Card Cup in Leipzig
Leipzig
a day before her foot operation, losing only two games to Jana Novotná
Jana Novotná
in the final. Graf lost to Conchita Martínez
Conchita Martínez
in her comeback tournament a month later in Philadelphia. However, she finished her year with a highlight, winning her first Virginia Slims Championships since 1989 by beating Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
in the final despite needing painkillers for a back injury. 1994[edit] Seemingly free of injury for the first time in years, Graf began the year by winning the Australian Open, where she defeated Arantxa Sánchez Vicario in the final with the loss of only two games. Graf later stated it was the best tennis she had ever played in a Grand Slam final.[49] She then won her next four tournaments in Tokyo, Indian Wells, Delray Beach and Miami respectively. In the Miami final, she lost her first set of the year—to Natasha Zvereva—after winning 54 consecutive sets.[50] In the Hamburg final, she lost for the first time in 1994 after 36 consecutive match victories, losing to Sánchez Vicario in three sets. She then won her eighth German Open, but there were signs that her form was worsening as she almost lost to Julie Halard in a quarterfinal. As the defending champion Graf lost in straight sets to Mary Pierce
Mary Pierce
in the French Open
French Open
semifinal.[51][52] This was followed by a first-round straight-sets loss at Wimbledon to Lori McNeil, her only loss at Wimbledon between 1991 and 1997 and her first loss in a first round Grand Slam tournament in ten years.[53] Graf still managed to win San Diego the following month but aggravated a long-time back injury in beating Sánchez Vicario in the final. Graf developed a bone spur at the base of her spine due to a congenital condition of the sacroiliac joint.[54][55] She began to wear a back brace and was unsure about playing the US Open but elected to play while receiving treatment and stretching for two hours before each match. She made it to the final and took the first set against Sánchez Vicario but lost the next two sets — Sanchez Vicario's last victory over Graf. In the middle of the second set, Graf suffered back spasms while reaching for a ball in the ad court.[56] She took the following nine weeks off, returning only for the Virginia Slims Championships where she lost in straight sets to Pierce in the quarterfinal.[57] Although Graf ended the year ranked No. 1 on the computer the ITF named Sanchez Vicario its World Champion for the year, while the WTA backed their official rankings and named Graf.[58][59] 1995[edit] A strained right calf muscle forced Graf to withdraw from the Australian Open.[60] She came back in February, winning four consecutive tournaments in Paris, Delray Beach, Miami and Houston. She then beat Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
in the finals of both the French Open and Wimbledon. The 1995 Wimbledon final is regarded as one of the most dramatic women's major finals in history as Graf and Sánchez Vicario battled in a tight third set that included a 16-minute long, 13 deuce game on Sanchez Vicario's serve at 5-5.[61] In August Monica Seles made her much anticipated return to tennis at the Canadian Open, where Graf took her first loss of the year in the first round to Amanda Coetzer. The US Open was Monica Seles's first Grand Slam event since the 1993 attack, with much anticipation again around a potential Seles-Graf final. After surviving a scare in a three-setter against Amanda Coetzer
Amanda Coetzer
in the first round, Graf reached the final with relative ease, while Seles went through her side of the draw in even more convincing fashion. Seles and Graf met in the final, with Graf winning in three sets, saving a set point in the first set. Graf then capped the year by beating countrywoman Anke Huber
Anke Huber
in a five-set final at the season-ending WTA Tour Championships in 2 hours 46 minutes.[62][63] In personal terms, 1995 was a difficult year for Graf, as she was accused by German authorities of tax evasion in the early years of her career.[64] In her defense, she stated that her father Peter was her financial manager, and all financial matters relating to her earnings at the time had been under his control. Her father was arrested in August and was sentenced to 45 months in jail.[65][66] He was eventually released after serving 25 months. Prosecutors dropped their case against Graf in 1997, when she agreed to pay a fine of 1.3 million Deutsche Marks to the government and an unspecified charity. 1996[edit] Graf again missed the Australian Open
Australian Open
after undergoing surgery in December 1995 to remove bone splinters from her left foot.[67] Graf came back to the tour in March, winning back to back titles in Indian Wells and Miami, followed by a record ninth title at the German Open in May. She then successfully defended the three Grand Slam titles she won the year before. In a close French Open
French Open
final, Graf again overcame Sánchez Vicario, taking the third-set 10–8.[68] Graf had led 4-1 in the second set tiebreak, only to lose six points in a row and force a decider. Twice in the third set Sánchez Vicario served for the championship but was broken each time by Graf. It was the longest French Open
French Open
women's singles final in history, both in terms of time (3 hours and 3 minutes) and number of games played (40).[69] Graf then had a straight-sets win against Sánchez Vicario in the Wimbledon final. That was the last competitive match Graf and Sánchez Vicario would ever play against one another. In July, a left knee injury forced Graf to withdraw from the Summer Olympics in Atlanta.[70] Graf played only one warm-up event ahead of the US Open, the Acura Classic in Manhattan Beach, California, where she lost to Lindsay Davenport
Lindsay Davenport
in the semifinals. She then successfully defended her title at the US Open, defeating Monica Seles
Monica Seles
in the final. Her toughest battle came against rising star Martina Hingis
Martina Hingis
in the semifinal, with Hingis unable to convert on five set points. Graf did not lose a set the whole tournament. She also won her fifth and final WTA Tour Championships title with a five set win over Martina Hingis, with Hingis cramping up in the fifth set.[63] In 1988 Graf became only the second tennis player in history to win a Slam on hard court, clay, and grass all in the same season. She repeated the feat in 1993, 1995, and 1996. Final years on the tour: 1997–99[edit] The last few years of Graf's career were beset by injuries, particularly to her knees and back. She lost the world No. 1 ranking to Martina Hingis
Martina Hingis
and failed to win a Grand Slam title for the first time in ten years in 1997. That year Graf lost in the fourth round of the Australian Open
Australian Open
in straight sets to Amanda Coetzer.[71] She subsequently withdrew from the Toray Pan Pacific Open
Toray Pan Pacific Open
and had arthroscopic surgery performed on her left knee. After several months injury lay off, Graf returned to play in the German Open in Berlin in front of a home crowd and had the worst defeat of her career in the quarterfinal, when Amanda Coetzer
Amanda Coetzer
beat her in just 56 minutes 6–0, 6–1.[71][72] In the French Open
French Open
Graf was again beaten by Amanda Coetzer in straight sets, 6–1, 6–4.[73] Only one week later, she underwent reconstructive knee surgery in Vienna
Vienna
and subsequently missed the 1997 Wimbledon and US Open championships. The treatment was for a fracture of the cartilage as well as a shortening and partial rupture of the patellar tendon of her left knee.[74][75] After missing almost half of the tour in 1998, Graf lost in the third round at Wimbledon and in the fourth round at the US Open. Shortly after the US Open, she underwent surgery to remove a bone spur in her right wrist.[76] Upon her return Graf defeated world No. 2 Hingis and world No. 1 Lindsay Davenport
Lindsay Davenport
en route to the Philadelphia title. At the first round of the season-ending Chase Championships, Graf defeated world No. 3, Jana Novotná, before losing in the semifinal to first-seeded Davenport. At the beginning of 1999 Graf played the warm up event to the Australian Open
Australian Open
in Sydney; she defeated Serena Williams
Serena Williams
in the second round and Venus in the quarterfinals before losing to Lindsay Davenport in the semifinal. Graf then went on to reach the quarterfinals of the Australian Open
Australian Open
before losing to Monica Seles
Monica Seles
in two sets. In Indian Wells Graf lost to Serena Williams
Serena Williams
in three sets.[77] At the French Open, Graf reached her first Grand Slam final in three years and fought back from a set and twice from a break down in the second set to defeat the top ranked Hingis in three sets for a memorable victory. Graf became the first player in the open era to defeat the first, second, and third ranked players in the same Grand Slam tournament by beating second-ranked Davenport in the quarterfinals and third-ranked Monica Seles
Monica Seles
in the semifinals. Graf said after the final that it would be her last French Open, fueling speculation about her retirement.[78] Graf then reached her ninth Wimbledon singles final, losing to third-seeded Davenport in straight sets. She had to overcome three difficult three set matches en route to this final, against Mariaan De Swardt in the 3rd round, Venus Williams
Venus Williams
in the quarterfinals and Mirjana Lucic-Baroni
Mirjana Lucic-Baroni
in the semifinals. On 13 August 1999, shortly after retiring with a strained hamstring from a second round match against Amy Frazier in San Diego, Graf announced her retirement from the women's tour at age 30.[79][80] She was ranked No. 3 at that time and said, "I have done everything I wanted to do in tennis. I feel I have nothing left to accomplish. The weeks following Wimbledon [in 1999] weren't easy for me. I was not having fun anymore. After Wimbledon, for the first time in my career, I didn't feel like going to a tournament. My motivation wasn't what it was in the past."[81] Doubles career[edit] From the beginning of her career until 1990, Graf regularly played doubles events in Grand Slams and other tournaments, winning a total of 11 titles. In 1986, she formed a partnership with rival Gabriela Sabatini. The pair was moderately successful, winning the 1988 Wimbledon Championships together and reaching the finals of the French Open in 1986, 1987 and 1989. The partnership was the subject of much discussion, as the two women, both known to be shy, usually kept communication to a minimum during changeovers and between points, a highly unusual situation in doubles.[82] Sabatini said of the partnership: "doubles is all about communicating with each other, and we didn't communicate that much. We would just say the basic things, but nothing else."[83] The pair played their last major tournament together at the 1990 Wimbledon Championships, losing in the quarterfinals. From 1991 until the end of her career, Graf would only play doubles sporadically, forming short-term partnerships with a variety of players, including Lori McNeil, Anke Huber
Anke Huber
and her best friends on the tour, Rennae Stubbs, Patricia Tarabini and Ines Gorrochategui.[84][85] She played her last Grand Slam doubles tournament at the 1999 Australian Open
Australian Open
with Gorrochategui, losing in the second round.[86][87] Graf also occasionally played mixed doubles, although she never won a title. She partnered with doubles specialist Mark Woodforde
Mark Woodforde
at the Australian Open
Australian Open
in 1994, with Henri Leconte
Henri Leconte
at Wimbledon in 1991 and at the French Open
French Open
in 1994, and with Charlie Pasarell
Charlie Pasarell
at the US Open in 1984. In an unusual arrangement, she paired with her coaches Pavel Složil at Wimbledon in 1988 and Heinz Günthardt
Heinz Günthardt
in 1992 and 1996, also at Wimbledon.[88] At the 1999 Wimbledon Championships, Graf formed a much-publicized partnership with John McEnroe, with whom she reached the semifinals before withdrawing due to concerns that her uncertain hamstring, coupled with a bout of bronchitis, would affect her in the singles final.[89][90][91] Post-career exhibition matches[edit]

Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
(Wimbledon 2009)

In late 1999 and early 2000, as part of her Farewell Tour, Graf played a series of exhibition matches against former rivals in New Zealand, Japan, Spain, Germany
Germany
and South Africa. She played Jelena Dokic
Jelena Dokic
in Christchurch, New Zealand, Amanda Coetzer
Amanda Coetzer
in Durban, South Africa, and her former rival Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
in Zaragoza, Spain.[92][93] It was Graf and Sánchez Vicario's first head-to-head meeting since 1996. In February 2000, Graf played against Kimiko Date
Kimiko Date
at Nagoya Rainbow Hall in Tokyo, winning in three sets.[94] In September 2004, Graf dispatched her former doubles partner Gabriela Sabatini
Gabriela Sabatini
in straight sets, in an exhibition match played in Berlin, Germany.[95] She was also in Berlin to host a charity gala, as well as inaugurating a tennis stadium renamed the " Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
Stadion". Proceeds from her match against Sabatini went to Graf's foundation, "Children for Tomorrow".[96] In July 2005, Graf competed in one tie of World Team Tennis
Tennis
(WTT) on the Houston Wranglers
Houston Wranglers
team.[95] She was beaten in two out of three matches, with each match being one set. Graf lost her singles match to Elena Likhovtseva
Elena Likhovtseva
5–4. She teamed with Ansley Cargill in women's doubles against Anna Kournikova
Anna Kournikova
and Likhovtseva but lost 5–2. She was successful, however, in the mixed doubles match.[97] Graf completely ruled out a return to professional tennis. In October, Graf defeated Sabatini in an exhibition match in Mannheim, Germany, winning both of their sets. Like the exhibition match the previous year against Sabatini, proceeds went to "Children for Tomorrow".

Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
at a charity tennis tournament in 2010

In 2008 Graf lost an exhibition match against Kimiko Date
Kimiko Date
at Ariake Colosseum in Tokyo.[98] As part of the event, billed as "Dream Match 2008", she defeated Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
in a one-set affair 8-7, with Graf winning a tiebreaker 10-5.[99] It was the first time in 14 years Graf had played Navratilova. Graf played a singles exhibition match against Kim Clijsters
Kim Clijsters
and a mixed doubles exhibition alongside husband Andre Agassi
Andre Agassi
against Tim Henman
Tim Henman
and Clijsters as part of a test event and celebration for the newly installed roof over Wimbledon's Centre Court in 2009. She lost a lengthy one-set singles match to Clijsters and also the mixed doubles.[100] In 2010, Graf participated in the WTT Smash Hits exhibition in Washington, D.C. to support the Elton John AIDS Foundation. She and Agassi, her husband, were on Team Elton John, which competed against Team Billie Jean King.[101] Graf played in the celebrity doubles, women's doubles, and mixed doubles before straining her left calf muscle and being replaced by Anna Kournikova. Summary of career[edit] Graf won seven singles titles at Wimbledon, six singles titles at the French Open, five singles titles at the US Open, and four singles titles at the Australian Open. Her overall record in 56 Grand Slam events was 282–32 (89 percent) (87–10 at the French Open, 75–7 at Wimbledon, 73–9 at the US Open, and 47–6 at the Australian Open). Her career prize-money earnings totalled US$21,895,277 (a record until Lindsay Davenport
Lindsay Davenport
surpassed this amount in January 2008). Her singles win-loss record was 900–115 (88.7 percent).[102] She was ranked World No. 1 for 186 consecutive weeks (from August 1987 to March 1991, tied with Serena Williams, a record in the women's game) and a record total 377 weeks overall.[103] Career statistics[edit] Main article: Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
career statistics

Key

W  F  SF QF #R RR Q# A NH

(W) Won; (F) finalist; (SF) semifinalist; (QF) quarterfinalist; (#R) rounds 4, 3, 2, 1; (RR) round-robin stage; (Q#) qualification round; (A) absent; (NH) not held.

West Germany Germany

Tournament 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 SR W–L

Grand Slam tournaments

Australian Open 1R 3R A NH A W W W QF A F W A A 4R A QF 4 / 10 47–6

French Open 2R 3R 4R QF W W F F SF F W SF W W QF A W 6 / 16 84–10

Wimbledon LQ 4R 4R A F W W SF W W W 1R W W A 3R F 7 / 14 74–7

US Open LQ 1R SF SF F W W F SF QF W F W W A 4R A 5 / 14 73–9

Win–Loss 1-2 7–4 11–3 9–2 19–2 27–0 27–1 24–3 21–3 17–2 27–1 18–3 21–0 21–0 7–2 5–2 17–2 22 / 54 278–32

Note: Graf's semifinal match at the 1988 US Open was walkover (so not counted as win) Records[edit]

This section possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. (July 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

These records were attained in Open Era
Open Era
of tennis. Records in bold indicate Open Era
Open Era
peer-less achievements.

Time span Selected Grand Slam tournament records Players matched

1988 Australian Open
Australian Open
— 1988 Olympics Golden Slam Stands alone

1988 Australian Open
Australian Open
— 1988 US Open Grand Slam [104] Margaret Court

1987 French Open
French Open
— 1988 Olympics Career Golden Slam Serena Williams

1987 French Open
French Open
— 1988 US Open Career Grand Slam Margaret Court Billie Jean King Chris Evert Martina Navratilova Serena Williams Maria Sharapova

1993 French Open
French Open
— 1994 Australian Open Non-Calendar Year Grand Slam Martina Navratilova Serena Williams

1993 French Open
French Open
— 1994 Australian Open Non-Calendar Year Grand Slam in addition to already winning a Grand Slam Stands alone

1988 Australian Open
Australian Open
— 1990 Australian Open Winner of 8 of 9 Grand Slams Margaret Court

1988, 1995 & 1996 100% match winning percentage in 1 season Margaret Court Billie Jean King Chris Evert Monica Seles Serena Williams

1983 French Open
French Open
— 1999 Wimbledon 89.67% (278-32) match winning percentage overall Stands alone

1988 French Open Double bagel
Double bagel
win in a Grand Slam final Dorothea Douglass Lambert Chambers

1987 French Open
French Open
— 1995 US Open 4+ titles at all four Majors [105] Stands alone

1987 French Open
French Open
— 1989 US Open 2+ consecutive titles at all four Majors [105] Stands alone

1988 Australian Open
Australian Open
— 1996 US Open 5 calendar years winning 3+ Grand Slam titles Stands alone

1988 French Open
French Open
— 1989 US Open Defended all four Majors on first try [105] Stands alone

1987 French Open
French Open
— 1999 French Open 6+ titles on clay, grass and hardcourt Stands alone

1987 French Open
French Open
— 1999 French Open 9+ finals on clay, grass and hardcourt Stands alone

1987 French Open
French Open
— 1990 French Open 13 consecutive Grand Slam finals [104] Stands alone

1999 French Open Defeated the top 3 seeded players in the same tournament Stands alone

1988 Australian Open
Australian Open
— 1993 US Open Reached the final of all four Grand Slams tournaments in a calendar year Margaret Court Chris Evert Martina Navratilova Monica Seles Martina Hingis Justine Henin

1988 Australian Open
Australian Open
— 1993 US Open Reached the final of all four Grand Slams tournaments in a calendar year three times Stands alone

1988 Australian Open
Australian Open
— 1996 US Open 3 different Grand Slam titles won without losing a set Chris Evert Lindsay Davenport Serena Williams

Grand Slam tournaments Time Span Records at each Grand Slam tournament Players matched

Australian Open 1988–1990 3 consecutive titles Margaret Court Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
Cawley Monica Seles Martina Hingis

Australian Open 1988–1989, 1994 3 titles won without losing a set Evonne Goolagong

Australian Open—French Open 1988 2 titles won without losing a set in the same calendar year Billie Jean King Martina Navratilova Martina Hingis Serena Williams Justine Henin

French Open 1987–1999 9 finals overall [106] Chris Evert

French Open 1987–1990 4 consecutive finals [106] Chris Evert Martina Navratilova

French Open 1983–1999 87 match wins [106] Stands alone

Wimbledon 1984–1999 Career match winning performance 90.36% (75–8) [105] Stands alone

Time span Other selected records Players matched

17 August 1987 — 10 March 1991 186 consecutive weeks at No. 1 [104] Serena Williams

1987–1997 377 total weeks at No. 1 [104] Stands alone

1987–1990 1993–1996 8 years ended at No. 1 Stands alone

1988–1990, 1994, 1996 5 years as wire-to-wire No. 1 Stands alone

1987, 1989 Reached the final of every tournament played in a calendar year Monica Seles

1986–1990 1992–1996 Two streaks of 5 years with winning percentage of 90%+ Stands alone

1986-1996 9 German Open titles Stands alone

1986-89 & 1991-94 4 consecutive German Open title wins [105] Stands alone

1985-1996 11 German Open finals [105] Stands alone

1986-1996 11 consecutive German Open finals [105] Stands alone

1987-1995 6 Virginia Slims of Florida titles Stands alone

1986-1995 9 Virginia Slims of Florida finals Stands alone

1992-1995 4 consecutive Virginia Slims of Florida titles Stands alone

1988-1996 8 WTA Tier 1/Premier/Premier Mandatory clay titles [105] Conchita Martínez

1992-1995 89.63% win rate in WTA Tier 1/Premier/Premier Mandatory events Stands alone

Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
Farewell World Tour 2000

Playing style[edit] The main weapons in Graf's game were her powerful inside-out forehand drive (which earned her the moniker Fräulein Forehand) and her intricate footwork.[107] She often positioned herself in her backhand corner and although this left her forehand wide open and vulnerable to attack, her court speed meant that only the most accurate shots wide to her forehand caused any trouble. Graf’s technique on the forehand was unique and instantly recognizable: generating considerable racquet head speed with her swing, she reached the point of contact late and typically out of the air. As a result, she hit her forehand with exceptional pace and accuracy. According to her coaches Pavel Složil and Heinz Günthardt, Graf's superior sense of timing was the key behind the success of her forehand.[83][108] Graf also had a powerful backhand drive but over the course of her career tended to use it less frequently, opting more often for an effective backhand slice. Starting in the early 1990s, she used the slice almost exclusively in baseline rallies and mostly limited the topspin backhand to passing shots. Her accuracy with the slice, both cross-court and down the line and her ability to skid the ball and keep it low, enabled her to use it as an offensive weapon to set the ball up for her forehand put-aways. However, Graf admitted in 1995 that she would have preferred having a two-handed backhand in retrospect.[109] She built her powerful and accurate serve up to 174 km/h (108 mph), making it one of the fastest serves in women's tennis and was a capable volleyer. [10][9] An exceptionally versatile competitor, Graf remains the only player, male or female, to have won the calendar-year Grand Slam on three surfaces or to have won each Grand Slam at least four times. Eighteen-time Grand Slam champion and former rival Chris Evert
Chris Evert
opined, " Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
is the best all-around player. Martina [Navratilova] won more on fast courts and I won more on slow courts, but Steffi came along and won more titles on both surfaces."[83] Her endurance and superior footwork allowed her to excel on clay courts, where, in addition to six French Open
French Open
titles, she won 26 regular tour events, including a record eight titles at the German Open. Meanwhile, her naturally aggressive style of play, effective backhand slice and speed around the court made her even more dominant on fast surfaces such as hard courts, grass and carpet.[110][9] Graf stated that grass was her favorite surface to play on, while clay was her least favorite.[109] Equipment and endorsements[edit] Graf wore Adidas
Adidas
apparel and sneakers during her tennis career. She had an Adidas
Adidas
sneakers line known as the St. Graf Pro line.[111] Early in her career, she used the Dunlop Max 200G racquet[112][113][114][115] before switching to Wilson from 1994 to 1999. She first used the Wilson Pro Staff 7.0 lite, then switched to the Pro Staff 7.5 in 1996 and to the Pro Staff 7.1 in 1998.[116] Graf's racquets were strung at 29 kilograms (64 pounds), significantly above the 50-60 pound range recommended by Wilson.[117] In 2006, she signed an endorsement deal with Head.[118][119][120] In 2010, Graf and Agassi collaborated with Head and developed the new line of Star Series tennis racquets.[121] Graf has signed many endorsement deals throughout the years including a ten-year endorsement deal with car manufacturer Opel
Opel
in 1985,[122] and Rexona
Rexona
from 1994 to 1998.[116][123] Other companies she has endorsed include Barilla, Apollinaris, Citibank, Danone
Danone
and Teekanne. She has appeared in many advertisements and television commercials with Andre Agassi
Andre Agassi
including Canon Inc.[124] and Longines
Longines
in 2008 (Agassi became Longines
Longines
ambassador in 2007).[125][126] In 2015, she was appointed as the brand ambassador of Kerala tourism, for promoting Ayurveda
Ayurveda
in North America and Europe.[127] Personal life[edit] In 1997, she left the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
for "personal reasons".[128] During her career, Graf divided her time between her hometown of Brühl, Boca Raton, Florida
Boca Raton, Florida
and New York City
New York City
where she owned a penthouse in the former Police Headquarters Building in SoHo.[129][130] From 1992 to 1999, Graf dated racing driver Michael Bartels.[131] She started dating Andre Agassi
Andre Agassi
after the 1999 French Open
French Open
and they married on 22 October 2001, with only their mothers as witnesses.[132] They have two children: son Jaden Gil (born 2001) and daughter Jaz Elle (born 2003).[133][134] The Graf-Agassi family resides in Summerlin, a community in the Las Vegas Valley.[135] Graf's mother and her brother, Michael Graf, with his four children also live there.[136] In 1991, the Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
Youth Tennis
Tennis
Center in Leipzig
Leipzig
was dedicated.[137] She is the founder and chairperson of "Children for Tomorrow", a non-profit foundation established in 1998 for implementing and developing projects to support children who have been traumatized by war or other crises.[137] In 2001, Graf indicated that she preferred to be called Stefanie instead of Steffi.[138] Awards and honours[edit] Graf was voted the ITF World Champion in 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1993, 1995 and 1996.[139] She was voted the WTA Player Of The Year in 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996.[140] She was elected as the German Sportsperson of the Year in 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989 and 1999.[141] Graf was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame
International Tennis Hall of Fame
in 2004 and the German Sports Hall of Fame in 2008.[142][143] See also[edit]

Tennis
Tennis
portal

WTA Tour records Grand Slam (tennis) List of WTA number 1 ranked players List of female tennis players List of tennis tournaments List of tennis rivalries Tennis
Tennis
records of the Open Era
Open Era
- Women's Singles Overall tennis records - Womens's Singles Graf–Navratilova rivalry Graf–Sabatini rivalry Graf–Seles rivalry

References[edit]

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Tennis
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Year In Detail". Retrieved 24 June 2013.  ^ Greenstreet, Rosanna (22 June 2013). "Q&A: Steffi Graf". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 24 June 2013.  ^ "Steffi Graf". Grove.ufl.edu. Archived from the original on 30 December 1996. Retrieved 17 May 2011.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 29 June 2013. Retrieved 24 June 2013.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 September 2016. Retrieved 23 June 2017.  ^ Robin Finn (1999-08-18). "ON TENNIS; Graf Is Best, Right? Just Don't Ask Her". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017-07-15.  ^ a b c "The Shadow of Steffi Graf: Before Serena, Women's Tennis
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Association (WTA). 20 April 2013. Archived from the original on 22 January 2016.  ^ Finn, Robin (1990-02-09). "Graf Is Injured Skiing". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017-07-15.  ^ Protzman, Ferdinand (13 July 1990). "Tennis; Graf's Toughest Foe: the Press". The New York Times. Retrieved 17 May 2011.  ^ Ziehm, Len (16 February 1992). "Steffi lives it up - New Graf steps out in style". Chicago Sun Times.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ [2][dead link] ^ "WTA Players Head to Head Steffi Graf". Wtatennis.com. Retrieved 1 December 2012.  ^ Finn, Robin (1993-05-30). "TENNIS - Seles Struggles With Injury and W.T.A. Decision". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017-07-15.  ^ Finn, Robin (1993-08-27). "TENNIS - For Seles, the Wound Still Hurts". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017-07-15.  ^ "Troubled WTA Tour limps through '94 season". China Daily. 5 March 1994.  ^ John Roberts (1994-01-22). "Tennis: Graf footloose and pain-free: Germany's world No 1 in intimidating form at the Australian Open". The Independent. Retrieved 2017-07-15.  ^ Steffi Graf
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Investigated for Tax Evasion". Los Angeles Times. 13 July 1995.  ^ Robin Finn (24 March 1995). "Tennis;Graf finds real world full of ups and downs". The New York Times. Retrieved 9 December 2017.  ^ Cowell, Alan (25 January 1997). "Peter Graf Is Sentenced To Prison in Tax Case". The New York Times. Retrieved 18 September 2014.  ^ "Foot Surgery Sidelines Graf". Chicago Tribune. 16 December 1995.  ^ Robin Finn (9 June 1996). "Graf Wins Wrenching French Epic". The New York Times.  ^ Collins, Bud (2010). The Bud Collins
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- Tennis-Heroes.net". Sporting-heroes.net. Retrieved 17 May 2011.  ^ Overman, Steven (2012). Icons of Women's Sport, Volume 1. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO. p. 181. ISBN 0313385491.  ^ "Surgery on Graf's Knee Requires a Long Layoff". The New York Times. 11 June 1997.  ^ Ronald Atkin. "Wimbledon '99: The Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
Interview: Time for a golden goodbye?". The Independent. Retrieved 2017-07-15.  ^ "Head to Head". Retrieved 24 May 2012.  ^ "Graf edges Hingis, captures sixth and 'last' French title". Sports Illustrated. 16 August 1999. Retrieved 17 May 2011.  ^ John Roberts (14 August 1999). "Highs and lows of Graf the great". The Independent.  ^ "Graf bows out". BBC Sport. 13 August 1999.  ^ " Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
announces retirement". Canoe.ca. Retrieved 17 May 2011.  ^ Fowler, Ed (26 June 1988). "Sabatini, Graf: Oddest couple playing doubles". Houston Chronicle.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ a b c Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
- Tennis
Tennis
Documentary. YouTube. 13 February 2014.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 March 2017. Retrieved 27 March 2017.  ^ " Tennis
Tennis
Martinez wins controversial clash". BBC News. 1999-05-27. Retrieved 2017-07-15.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 March 2017. Retrieved 27 March 2017.  ^ "Steffi Graf : Player Details" (PDF). Itftennis.com. Retrieved 2017-07-15.  ^ " Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
(GER : Mixed Doubles" (PDF). Wimbledon.com. Retrieved 2017-07-15.  ^ Nick Harris. "Tennis: Wimbledon 99 - Magic mixture of McEnroe and Graf". The Independent. Retrieved 2017-07-15.  ^ Robin Finn (1999-06-26). "TENNIS; Without Dad Around To Disturb Her, Lucic Upsets Fourth-Seeded Seles at Wimbledon". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017-07-15.  ^ "Graf Likely To Retire". CBS News. Retrieved 31 January 2018.  ^ "Graf overcomes layoff to beat Coetzer in farewell exhibition". The Independent. 1999-12-07. Retrieved 2017-07-15.  ^ "* NZine * Tennis
Tennis
- The Biggest Participant Sport In New Zealand - Tennis, Steffi Graf, Indoor Tennis
Tennis
Centre, Davis Cup, Anthony Wilding, Wilding Park, Maurice Agar, Scenic Circles Indoor Tennis
Tennis
Centre, New Zealand Tennis". Nzine.co.nz. Retrieved 2017-07-15.  ^ Greene, Bob (1999-12-14). "The Week in Tennis". The Independent. Retrieved 2017-07-15.  ^ a b Lisa Dillman (2005-03-30). "Graf Will Make a Cameo in Team Tennis". Articles.latimes.com. Retrieved 2017-07-15.  ^ Kammerer, Roy (24 September 2004). "Graf back on court - and still boasts that big forehand". Associated Press.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ Sarah Hornaday (2005-07-13). " Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
delights crowd at Westside Tennis
Tennis
Club - Houston Chronicle". Chron.com. Retrieved 2017-07-15.  ^ "One for the Ages". TENNIS.com. 2015-11-30. Retrieved 2017-07-15.  ^ "Graf edges Navratilova in exhibition". Sportsnet.ca. 2009-09-15. Retrieved 2017-07-15.  ^ "Steffi Graf: The Queen Returns to Centre Court". Bleacher Report. 2009-05-18. Retrieved 2017-07-15.  ^ "Andre Agassi, Steffi Graf, Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
and Elton John headline an evening of tennis for charity in Washington". Washingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2017-07-15.  ^ "WTA profile of Steffi Graf". Sonyericssonwtatour.com. Retrieved 17 May 2011.  ^ "WTA bio". Archived from the original on 3 November 2012. Retrieved 19 November 2012.  ^ a b c d "NO.1 SPOTLIGHT: STEFFI GRAF". wtatennis.com. WTA, April 20, 2013. Archived from the original on 22 January 2016. Retrieved 15 July 2016.  ^ a b c d e f g h " Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
Results". wtatennis.com. WTA. Retrieved 15 July 2016.  ^ a b c "Steffi Graf's record at Roland-Garros". rolandgarros.com. Roland Garros. Retrieved 15 July 2016.  ^ "Wimbledon legends: Steffi Graf". BBC News. 31 May 2004. Retrieved 1 April 2010.  ^ Simon O'Hagan. "WIMBLEDON '95: Graf on a new curve". The Independent. Retrieved 2017-07-15.  ^ a b "ASAP Sports Transcripts - Tennis
Tennis
- 1995 - WTA TOUR CHAMPIONSHIPS - November 18 - Steffi Graf". Asapsports.com. 1995-11-18. Retrieved 2017-07-15.  ^ claudia celestial girl (2009-12-10). "Queens of the Court: Steffi Graf". Bleacher Report. Retrieved 2017-07-15.  ^ Jones, Riley (2 October 2013). "Today in Performance Sneaker History: Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
Becomes First Female with 500 Wins in Signature adidas Model". Sneaker Report. Retrieved 16 September 2014.  ^ "Wunderbar deutsch". Der Spiegel. 27 July 1987. Retrieved 19 September 2014.  ^ Klaus Schmidt; Chris Ludlow (2002). Inclusive Branding: The Why and How of a Holistic Approach to Brands. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 183–9. ISBN 978-0-230-51329-7.  ^ "Take a look at this Dunlop Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
ad from 1989!". Twitter. 6 February 2014. Retrieved 19 September 2014.  ^ Cooper, Jeff. "An Evolutionary History of Tennis
Tennis
Racquets". about.com. Retrieved 19 September 2014.  ^ a b "Top 25 female athlete endorsements". SportsBusiness Journal. 11 May 1998. Retrieved 16 September 2014.  ^ Bodo, Peter (March 2000). "Steffi Graf" (March 2000). TENNIS Magazine.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ "Marketing to the female target audience". SportsBusiness Journal. 16 July 2007. Retrieved 16 September 2014.  ^ " Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
joins Head team". HEAD. Retrieved 16 September 2014.  ^ Martin, James (July 2006). "Feminine Allure". Tennis
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Industry. Retrieved 16 September 2014.  ^ Potempa, Philip (29 May 2010). "OFFBEAT: Andre Agassi
Andre Agassi
and Steffi Graf team up for new tennis racquet". The Times of Northwest Indiana. Retrieved 19 September 2014.  ^ "Viewing Gallery : Happy Birthday! Opel
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Corsa Celebrates Its 30th Anniversary". Opel. Retrieved 19 September 2014.  ^ Von Geyer, Matthias; Winterfeldt, Jörg (23 November 1998). "Ein deutsches Comeback". Der Spiegel. Retrieved 19 September 2014.  ^ Kaplan, Daniel (9 August 2004). "Agassi still in Canon's picture". SportsBusiness Journal. Retrieved 9 September 2014.  ^ "AMBASSADORS - Stefanie Graf". Longines. Archived from the original on 24 September 2014. Retrieved 19 September 2014.  ^ " Steffi Graf
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is Longines' Newest Abassador". JCK Online. 21 November 2008. Archived from the original on 24 September 2014. Retrieved 19 September 2014.  ^ "SRK and Steffi Graf
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to represent Kerala tourism". ManoramaOnline. Archived from the original on 3 May 2015.  ^ "Steffi: proof that the rich don't get to heaven". The Independent. 27 July 1997. Retrieved 19 September 2014.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 March 2017. Retrieved 14 March 2017.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 March 2017. Retrieved 14 March 2017.  ^ Roberts, John (1999-11-01). "Andre takes courtly bow with Steffi". The Independent. Retrieved 2017-07-15.  ^ Knolle, Sharon. " Andre Agassi
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Wed". Abcnews.go.com. Retrieved 17 May 2011.  ^ "Graf, Agassi Are Parents of a Boy". Los Angeles Times. 28 October 2001.  ^ Knolle, Sharon. " Andre Agassi
Andre Agassi
and Steffi Graf
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Wed". Abcnews.go.com. Archived from the original on 22 May 2011. Retrieved June 6, 2011.  ^ "Love is everything to Graf now". Las Vegas Review-Journal. 20 May 2010. Retrieved 18 September 2014.  ^ " Tennis
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talks Royal Ascot and her career to HELLO! Online". hellomagazine.com.  ^ a b " Steffi Graf
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Biography". Retrieved 24 June 2013.  ^ "Don't call me Steffi". BBC. 12 April 2001.  ^ "ABOUT". ITF Tennis. 2017-06-06. Retrieved 2017-07-15.  ^ "Steffi Graf". WTA Tennis. 1987-08-17. Retrieved 2017-07-15.  ^ "Ergebnisse". Sportler-des-jahres.de. Retrieved 2017-07-15.  ^ "Stefanie Graf". Tennisfame.com. Retrieved 2017-07-15.  ^ "Adidas". Steffi Graf. 2017-05-24. Retrieved 2017-07-15. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Steffi Graf.

Official website Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
at the Women's Tennis
Tennis
Association Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
at the International Tennis
Tennis
Hall of Fame Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
at the International Tennis
Tennis
Federation Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
at the Fed Cup
Fed Cup
Official Wimbledon profile BBC profile ESPN
ESPN
biography (in German) Steffi Graf's victories

Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
(achievement predecessor and successor)

Sporting positions

Preceded by Martina Navratilova Monica Seles Monica Seles Monica Seles Arantxa Sánchez Vicario Arantxa Sánchez Vicario Arantxa Sánchez Vicario ' ' World No. 1 August 17, 1987–March 10, 1991 August 5, 1991–August 11, 1991 August 19, 1991–September 8, 1991 June 7, 1993–February 5, 1995 February 20, 1995–February 26, 1995 April 10, 1995–May 14, 1995 June 12, 1995–March 30, 1997 inc. August 15, 1995–November 3, 1996 (w/ M. Seles) inc. November 18, 1996–November 24, 1996 (w/ M. Seles) Succeeded by Monica Seles Monica Seles Monica Seles Arantxa Sánchez Vicario Arantxa Sánchez Vicario Arantxa Sánchez Vicario Martina Hingis ' '

Awards and achievements

Preceded by Cornelia Hanisch German Sportswoman of the Year 1986 – 1989 Succeeded by Katrin Krabbe

Preceded by Katja Seizinger German Sportswoman of the Year 1999 Succeeded by Heike Drechsler

Preceded by Arantxa Sánchez Vicario Prince of Asturias Award for Sports 1999 Succeeded by Lance Armstrong

Preceded by Martina Navratilova ITF World Champion 1987-1990 Succeeded by Monica Seles

Preceded by Monica Seles ITF World Champion 1993 Succeeded by Arantxa Sánchez Vicario

Preceded by Arantxa Sánchez Vicario ITF World Champion 1995-1996 Succeeded by Martina Hingis

Preceded by Heike Drechsler United Press International Athlete of the Year 1987 Succeeded by Florence Griffith-Joyner

Preceded by Martina Navratilova BBC Overseas Sports Personality of the Year 1988 Succeeded by Mike Tyson

Preceded by Florence Griffith-Joyner United Press International Athlete of the Year 1989 Succeeded by Merlene Ottey

Preceded by Florence Griffith-Joyner Associated Press
Associated Press
Female Athlete of the Year 1989 Succeeded by Beth Daniel

Records

Preceded by Martina Navratilova Most Weeks at World No. 1 13 May 1996 – Incumbent

Preceded by Martina Navratilova Chris Evert Most Career Grand Slam Singles Titles (Open Era) 8 June 1996 –28 January 2017 (shared w/ Serena Williams
Serena Williams
from 9 July 2016 - 28 January 2017) Succeeded by Serena Williams

Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
in the Grand Slam Tournaments

v t e

Women's tennis players who won two or more Grand Slam singles titles in one calendar year

Four wins

1953: Maureen Connolly
Maureen Connolly
Brinker 1970: Margaret Court 1988: Steffi Graf

Three wins

1928: Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (FO&WI&US) 1929: Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (FO&WI&US) 1962: Margaret Court
Margaret Court
(AO&FO&US) 1965: Margaret Court
Margaret Court
(AO&WI&US) 1969: Margaret Court
Margaret Court
(AO&FO&US) 1972: Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
(FO&WI&US) 1973: Margaret Court
Margaret Court
(AO&FO&US) 1983: Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
(AO&WI&US) 1984: Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
(FO&WI&US) 1989: Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
(AO&WI&US) 1991: Monica Seles
Monica Seles
(AO&FO&US) 1992: Monica Seles
Monica Seles
(AO&FO&US) 1993: Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
(FO&WI&US) 1995: Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
(FO&WI&US) 1996: Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
(FO&WI&US) 1997: Martina Hingis
Martina Hingis
(AO&WI&US) 2002: Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(FO&WI&US) 2015: Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(AO&FO&WI)

Two wins

1925: Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
(FO&WI) 1927: Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (WI&US) 1930: Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (FO&WI) 1931: Cilly Aussem
Cilly Aussem
(FO&WI) 1932: Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (FO&WI) 1939: Alice Marble
Alice Marble
(WI&US) 1946: Pauline Betz
Pauline Betz
Addie (WI&US) 1949: Margaret Osborne duPont
Margaret Osborne duPont
(FO&US) 1950: Louise Bough Clapp (AO&WI) 1952: Maureen Connolly Brinker
Maureen Connolly Brinker
(WI&US) 1954: Maureen Connolly Brinker
Maureen Connolly Brinker
(FO&WI) 1956: Shirley Fry Irvin
Shirley Fry Irvin
(WI&US) 1957: Althea Gibson
Althea Gibson
(WI&US) 1958: Althea Gibson
Althea Gibson
(WI&US) 1959: Maria Bueno
Maria Bueno
(WI&US) 1960: Darlene Hard (FO&US) 1963: Margaret Court
Margaret Court
(AO&WI) 1964: Margaret Court
Margaret Court
(AO&FO) 1964: Maria Bueno
Maria Bueno
(WI&US) 1967: Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
(WI&US) 1968: Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
(AO&WI) 1971: Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
Cawley (FO&WI) 1974: Chris Evert
Chris Evert
(FO&WI) 1975: Chris Evert
Chris Evert
(FO&US) 1976: Chris Evert
Chris Evert
(WI&US) 1980: Chris Evert
Chris Evert
(FO&US) 1982: Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
(FO&WI) 1982: Chris Evert
Chris Evert
(AO&US) 1985: Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
(AO&WI) 1986: Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
(WI&US) 1987: Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
(WI&US) 1994: Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
(FO&US) 2000: Venus Williams
Venus Williams
(WI&US) 2001: Jennifer Capriati
Jennifer Capriati
(AO&FO) 2001: Venus Williams
Venus Williams
(WI&US) 2003: Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(AO&WI) 2003: Justine Henin
Justine Henin
(FO&US) 2006: Amélie Mauresmo
Amélie Mauresmo
(AO&WI) 2007: Justine Henin
Justine Henin
(FO&US) 2009: Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(AO&WI) 2010: Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(AO&WI) 2012: Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(WI&US) 2013: Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(FO&US) 2016: Angelique Kerber
Angelique Kerber
(AO&US)

AO=Australian Open, FO=French Open, WI=Wimbledon, US=US Open

v t e

Australian Open
Australian Open
women's singles champions

(1969) Margaret Court (1970) Margaret Court (1971) Margaret Court (1972) Virginia Wade (1973) Margaret Court (1974) Evonne Goolagong (1975) Evonne Goolagong (1976) Evonne Goolagong (1977 (Jan)) Kerry Reid (1977 (Dec)) Evonne Goolagong (1978) Chris O'Neil (1979) Barbara Jordan (1980) Hana Mandlíková (1981) Martina Navratilova (1982) Chris Evert (1983) Martina Navratilova (1984) Chris Evert (1985) Martina Navratilova (1987) Hana Mandlíková (1988) Steffi Graf (1989) Steffi Graf (1990) Steffi Graf (1991) Monica Seles (1992) Monica Seles (1993) Monica Seles (1994) Steffi Graf (1995) Mary Pierce (1996) Monica Seles (1997) Martina Hingis (1998) Martina Hingis (1999) Martina Hingis (2000) Lindsay Davenport (2001) Jennifer Capriati (2002) Jennifer Capriati (2003) Serena Williams (2004) Justine Henin (2005) Serena Williams (2006) Amélie Mauresmo (2007) Serena Williams (2008) Maria Sharapova (2009) Serena Williams (2010) Serena Williams (2011) Kim Clijsters (2012) Victoria Azarenka (2013) Victoria Azarenka (2014) Li Na (2015) Serena Williams (2016) Angelique Kerber (2017) Serena Williams (2018) Caroline Wozniacki

v t e

French Open
French Open
women's singles champions

(1968) Nancy Richey (1969) Margaret Court (1970) Margaret Court (1971) Evonne Goolagong (1972) Billie Jean King (1973) Margaret Court (1974) Chris Evert (1975) Chris Evert (1976) Sue Barker (1977) Mima Jaušovec (1978) Virginia Ruzici (1979) Chris Evert (1980) Chris Evert (1981) Hana Mandlíková (1982) Martina Navratilova (1983) Chris Evert (1984) Martina Navratilova (1985) Chris Evert (1986) Chris Evert (1987) Steffi Graf (1988) Steffi Graf (1989) Arantxa Sánchez (1990) Monica Seles (1991) Monica Seles (1992) Monica Seles (1993) Steffi Graf (1994) Arantxa Sánchez Vicario (1995) Steffi Graf (1996) Steffi Graf (1997) Iva Majoli (1998) Arantxa Sánchez Vicario (1999) Steffi Graf (2000) Mary Pierce (2001) Jennifer Capriati (2002) Serena Williams (2003) Justine Henin (2004) Anastasia Myskina (2005) Justine Henin (2006) Justine Henin (2007) Justine Henin (2008) Ana Ivanovic (2009) Svetlana Kuznetsova (2010) Francesca Schiavone (2011) Li Na (2012) Maria Sharapova (2013) Serena Williams (2014) Maria Sharapova (2015) Serena Williams (2016) Garbiñe Muguruza (2017) Jeļena Ostapenko

v t e

Wimbledon (Open era) ladies' singles champions

(1968) Billie Jean King (1969) Ann Haydon-Jones (1970) Margaret Court (1971) Evonne Goolagong (1972) Billie Jean King (1973) Billie Jean King (1974) Chris Evert (1975) Billie Jean King (1976) Chris Evert (1977) Virginia Wade (1978) Martina Navratilova (1979) Martina Navratilova (1980) Evonne Goolagong (1981) Chris Evert (1982) Martina Navratilova (1983) Martina Navratilova (1984) Martina Navratilova (1985) Martina Navratilova (1986) Martina Navratilova (1987) Martina Navratilova (1988) Steffi Graf (1989) Steffi Graf (1990) Martina Navratilova (1991) Steffi Graf (1992) Steffi Graf (1993) Steffi Graf (1994) Conchita Martínez (1995) Steffi Graf (1996) Steffi Graf (1997) Martina Hingis (1998) Jana Novotná (1999) Lindsay Davenport (2000) Venus Williams (2001) Venus Williams (2002) Serena Williams (2003) Serena Williams (2004) Maria Sharapova (2005) Venus Williams (2006) Amélie Mauresmo (2007) Venus Williams (2008) Venus Williams (2009) Serena Williams (2010) Serena Williams (2011) Petra Kvitová (2012) Serena Williams (2013) Marion Bartoli (2014) Petra Kvitová (2015) Serena Williams (2016) Serena Williams (2017) Garbiñe Muguruza

v t e

US Open women's singles champions

(1968) Virginia Wade (1969) Margaret Court (1970) Margaret Court (1971) Billie Jean King (1972) Billie Jean King (1973) Margaret Court (1974) Billie Jean King (1975) Chris Evert (1976) Chris Evert (1977) Chris Evert (1978) Chris Evert (1979) Tracy Austin (1980) Chris Evert (1981) Tracy Austin (1982) Chris Evert (1983) Martina Navratilova (1984) Martina Navratilova (1985) Hana Mandlíková (1986) Martina Navratilova (1987) Martina Navratilova (1988) Steffi Graf (1989) Steffi Graf (1990) Gabriela Sabatini (1991) Monica Seles (1992) Monica Seles (1993) Steffi Graf (1994) Arantxa Sánchez Vicario (1995) Steffi Graf (1996) Steffi Graf (1997) Martina Hingis (1998) Lindsay Davenport (1999) Serena Williams (2000) Venus Williams (2001) Venus Williams (2002) Serena Williams (2003) Justine Henin (2004) Svetlana Kuznetsova (2005) Kim Clijsters (2006) Maria Sharapova (2007) Justine Henin (2008) Serena Williams (2009) Kim Clijsters (2010) Kim Clijsters (2011) Samantha Stosur (2012) Serena Williams (2013) Serena Williams (2014) Serena Williams (2015) Flavia Pennetta (2016) Angelique Kerber (2017) Sloane Stephens

v t e

Wimbledon (Open Era) ladies' doubles champions

(1968) Rosemary Casals / Billie Jean King (1969) Margaret Court
Margaret Court
/ Judy Tegart Dalton (1970) Rosemary Casals / Billie Jean King (1971) Rosemary Casals / Billie Jean King (1972) Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
/ Betty Stöve (1973) Rosemary Casals / Billie Jean King (1974) Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
Cawley / Peggy Michel (1975) Ann Kiyomura / Kazuko Sawamatsu (1976) Chris Evert
Chris Evert
/ Martina Navratilova (1977) Helen Gourlay Cawley / JoAnne Russell (1978) Kerry Melville Reid / Wendy Turnbull (1979) Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
/ Martina Navratilova (1980) Kathy Jordan / Anne Smith (1981) Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
/ Pam Shriver (1982) Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
/ Pam Shriver (1983) Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
/ Pam Shriver (1984) Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
/ Pam Shriver (1985) Kathy Jordan / Elizabeth Sayers Smylie (1986) Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
/ Pam Shriver (1987) Claudia Kohde-Kilsch
Claudia Kohde-Kilsch
/ Helena Suková (1988) Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
/ Gabriela Sabatini (1989) Jana Novotná
Jana Novotná
/ Helena Suková (1990) Jana Novotná
Jana Novotná
/ Helena Suková (1991) Larisa Savchenko Neiland / Natalia Zvereva (1992) Gigi Fernández
Gigi Fernández
/ Natalia Zvereva (1993) Gigi Fernández
Gigi Fernández
/ Natalia Zvereva (1994) Gigi Fernández
Gigi Fernández
/ Natalia Zvereva (1995) Jana Novotná
Jana Novotná
/ Arantxa Sánchez Vicario (1996) Martina Hingis
Martina Hingis
/ Helena Suková (1997) Gigi Fernández
Gigi Fernández
/ Natasha Zvereva (1998) Martina Hingis
Martina Hingis
/ Jana Novotná (1999) Lindsay Davenport
Lindsay Davenport
/ Corina Morariu (2000) Serena Williams
Serena Williams
/ Venus Williams (2001) Lisa Raymond
Lisa Raymond
/ Rennae Stubbs (2002) Serena Williams
Serena Williams
/ Venus Williams (2003) Kim Clijsters
Kim Clijsters
/ Ai Sugiyama (2004) Cara Black
Cara Black
/ Rennae Stubbs (2005) Cara Black
Cara Black
/ Liezel Huber (2006) Yan Zi / Zheng Jie (2007) Cara Black
Cara Black
/ Liezel Huber (2008) Serena Williams
Serena Williams
/ Venus Williams (2009) Serena Williams
Serena Williams
/ Venus Williams (2010) Vania King
Vania King
/ Yaroslava Shvedova (2011) Květa Peschke
Květa Peschke
/ Katarina Srebotnik (2012) Serena Williams
Serena Williams
/ Venus Williams (2013) Hsieh Su-wei
Hsieh Su-wei
/ Peng Shuai (2014) Sara Errani
Sara Errani
/ Roberta Vinci (2015) Martina Hingis
Martina Hingis
/ Sania Mirza (2016) Serena Williams
Serena Williams
/ Venus Williams (2017) Ekaterina Makarova
Ekaterina Makarova
/ Elena Vesnina

v t e

Grand Slam / non-calendar year / career Grand Slam-winning singles/doubles tennis players

Grand Slam

Men's singles

1938: Don Budge 1962: Rod Laver 1969: Rod Laver

Women's singles

1953: Maureen Connolly 1970: Margaret Court 1988: Steffi Graf

Men's doubles

1951: Ken McGregor/ Frank Sedgman

Women's doubles

1960: Maria Bueno 1984: Martina Navratilova/ Pam Shriver 1998: Martina Hingis

Mixed doubles

1963: Margaret Court/ Ken Fletcher 1965: Margaret Court 1967: Owen Davidson

Non-calendar year Grand Slam

Men's singles

2015–16: Novak Djokovic

Women's singles

1983–84: Martina Navratilova 1993–94: Steffi Graf 2002–03: Serena Williams 2014–15: Serena Williams

Men's doubles

2012–13: Bob Bryan/ Mike Bryan

Women's doubles

1949–50: Louise Brough 1986–87: Martina Navratilova/ Pam Shriver 1992–93: Gigi Fernández/ Natasha Zvereva 1996–97: Natasha Zvereva 2009–10: Serena Williams/ Venus Williams

Mixed doubles

1967–68 Billie Jean King

Career Grand Slam

Men's singles

1933-34-35: Fred Perry 1937-38: Don Budge 1960-61-62: Rod Laver 1961-63-64: Roy Emerson 1992-94-95-99: Andre Agassi 2003-04-09: Roger Federer 2005-08-09-10: Rafael Nadal 2008-11-16: Novak Djokovic

Women's singles

1951-52-53: Maureen Connolly 1949-50-51-54: Doris Hart 1951-56-57: Shirley Fry Irvin 1960-62-63: Margaret Court 1966-67-68-72: Billie Jean King 1974-75-82: Chris Evert 1978-81-82-83: Martina Navratilova 1987-88: Steffi Graf 1999-2002-03: Serena Williams 2004-06-08-12: Maria Sharapova

Men's doubles

1935-36-39: Adrian Quist 1948-50-51 Frank Sedgman 1951: Ken McGregor 1953–56: Lew Hoad/ Ken Rosewall 1957-58-59: Neale Fraser 1959-60-62: Roy Emerson 1965–67: John Newcombe/ Tony Roche 1962-64-67-77: Bob Hewitt 1982-84-86-89: John Fitzgerald 1983-87-89: Anders Järryd 1994-95-98: Jacco Eltingh/ Paul Haarhuis 1989-92–93-2000: Mark Woodforde 1992–93-95-2000: Todd Woodbridge 1998-2002-03-05: Jonas Björkman 2003-05-06: Bob Bryan/ Mike Bryan 2002-04-07-08: Daniel Nestor 1999-2006-12: Leander Paes

Women's doubles

1942-46-50: Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp 1947-48-50-51: Doris Hart 1950-51-57: Shirley Fry Irvin 1956–1957: Althea Gibson 1958–60: Maria Bueno 1961–64: Lesley Turner Bowrey 1961-63-64: Margaret Court 1964-66-69-70: Judy Tegart Dalton 1980–81: Kathy Jordan/ Anne Smith 1975-76-77-80: / Martina Navratilova 1981-82-83-84: Pam Shriver 1989-90-93: Helena Suková 1988–90-91-92: Gigi Fernández 1989-90-91-93: / Natasha Zvereva 1989-90-94: Jana Novotná 1996-97-98: Martina Hingis 1999-2000-01: Serena Williams/ Venus Williams 2000-01-06: Lisa Raymond 2012-13-14: Sara Errani/ Roberta Vinci

Mixed doubles

1925-26-27-28 Jean Borotra 1949–51: Doris Hart/ Frank Sedgman 1961-1963: Margaret Court 1962-1963: Ken Fletcher 1965-66-67: Owen Davidson 1967–68: Billie Jean King 1969–75: Marty Riessen 1961-70-77-79: Bob Hewitt 1992–93-95: Mark Woodforde 1990-93-94-95: Todd Woodbridge 1974-85-2003: Martina Navratilova 2001-02-05: Daniela Hantuchová 1997-99-2005-06: Mahesh Bhupathi 2002-04-08-10: Cara Black 1999-2003-08-16: Leander Paes 2006-15-16: Martina Hingis

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Female tennis players who have won 3 or more Grand Slam singles titles in one year

1928–29: Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (3) 1953: Maureen Connolly Brinker
Maureen Connolly Brinker
(4) 1962–65–69–70–73: Margaret Court
Margaret Court
(3–3–3–4–3) 1972: Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
(3) 1983–84: Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
(3) 1988–89–93–95–96: Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
(4–3–3–3–3) 1991–92: Monica Seles
Monica Seles
(3) 1997: Martina Hingis
Martina Hingis
(3) 2002–15: Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(3)

Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
Achievements

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German members of the International Tennis
Tennis
Hall of Fame

Gottfried von Cramm
Gottfried von Cramm
(1977) Boris Becker
Boris Becker
(2003) Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
(2004) Hans Nüsslein (2006) Hilde Krahwinkel Sperling
Hilde Krahwinkel Sperling
(2013)

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Women's Tennis
Tennis
Association (WTA) world No. 1 singles players

Chris Evert
Chris Evert
(1975/1985 – 260 w) Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
(1976 – 2 w) Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
(1978/1987 – 331 w) Tracy Austin
Tracy Austin
(1980 – 22 w) Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
(1987/1997 – 377 w) // Monica Seles
Monica Seles
(1991/1996 – 178 w) Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
(1995 – 12 w) Martina Hingis
Martina Hingis
(1997/2001 – 209 w) Lindsay Davenport
Lindsay Davenport
(1998/2006 – 98 w) Jennifer Capriati
Jennifer Capriati
(2001/2002 – 17 w) Venus Williams
Venus Williams
(2002 – 11 w) Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(2002/2017 – 319 w) Kim Clijsters
Kim Clijsters
(2003/2011 – 20 w) Justine Henin
Justine Henin
(2003/2008 – 117 w) Amélie Mauresmo
Amélie Mauresmo
(2004/2006 – 39 w) Maria Sharapova
Maria Sharapova
(2005/2012 – 21 w) Ana Ivanovic
Ana Ivanovic
(2008 – 12 w) Jelena Janković
Jelena Janković
(2008/2009 – 18 w) Dinara Safina
Dinara Safina
(2009 – 26 w) Caroline Wozniacki
Caroline Wozniacki
(2010/2018 – 71 w) Victoria Azarenka
Victoria Azarenka
(2012/2013 – 51 w) Angelique Kerber
Angelique Kerber
(2016/2017 – 34 w) Karolína Plíšková
Karolína Plíšková
(2017 – 8 w) Garbiñe Muguruza
Garbiñe Muguruza
(2017 – 4 w) Simona Halep
Simona Halep
(2017/2018 – 22 w)

WTA rankings incepted on November 3, 1975 (year first held/year last held – number of weeks (w)) current No. 1 in bold, as of week of April 2, 2018[update]

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Tennis at the Summer Olympics
Tennis at the Summer Olympics
• Olympic champions in women's singles

Demonstration

1968:  Helga Niessen (FRG) 1984:  Steffi Graf (FRG)

Indoor

1908:  Gwendoline Eastlake-Smith (GBR) 1912:  Edith Hannam (GBR)

Outdoor

1900:  Charlotte Cooper (GBR) 1908:  Dorothea Chambers (GBR) 1912:  Marguerite Broquedis (FRA) 1920:  Suzanne Lenglen (FRA) 1924:  Helen Wills (USA) 1988:  Steffi Graf (FRG) 1992:  Jennifer Capriati (USA) 1996:  Lindsay Davenport (USA) 2000:  Venus Williams (USA) 2004:  Justine Henin-Hardenne (BEL) 2008:  Elena Dementieva (RUS) 2012:  Serena Williams (USA) 2016:  Monica Puig (PUR)

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WTA Year-end championships winners singles

(1972) Chris Evert (1973) Chris Evert (1974) Evonne Goolagong (1975) Chris Evert (1976) Evonne Goolagong (1977) Chris Evert (1978) Martina Navratilova (1979) Martina Navratilova (1980) Tracy Austin (1981) Martina Navratilova (1982) Sylvia Hanika (1983) Martina Navratilova (1984) Martina Navratilova (1985) Martina Navratilova (1986-1) Martina Navratilova (1986-2) Martina Navratilova (1987) Steffi Graf (1988) Gabriela Sabatini (1989) Steffi Graf (1990) Monica Seles (1991) Monica Seles (1992) Monica Seles (1993) Steffi Graf (1994) Gabriela Sabatini (1995) Steffi Graf (1996) Steffi Graf (1997) Jana Novotná (1998) Martina Hingis (1999) Lindsay Davenport (2000) Martina Hingis (2001) Serena Williams (2002) Kim Clijsters (2003) Kim Clijsters (2004) Maria Sharapova (2005) Amélie Mauresmo (2006) Justine Henin (2007) Justine Henin (2008) Venus Williams (2009) Serena Williams (2010) Kim Clijsters (2011) Petra Kvitová (2012) Serena Williams (2013) Serena Williams (2014) Serena Williams (2015) Agnieszka Radwańska (2016) Dominika Cibulková (2017) Caroline Wozniacki

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Associated Press
Associated Press
Female Athlete of the Year

1931: Helene Madison 1932: Babe Didrikson Zaharias 1933: Helen Jacobs 1934: Virginia Van Wie 1935: Helen Wills 1936: Helen Stephens 1937: Katherine Rawls 1938: Patty Berg 1939: Alice Marble 1940: Alice Marble 1941: Betty Hicks 1942: Gloria Callen 1943: Patty Berg 1944: Ann Curtis 1945: Babe Didrikson Zaharias 1946: Babe Didrikson Zaharias 1947: Babe Didrikson Zaharias 1948: Fanny Blankers-Koen 1949: Marlene Hagge 1950: Babe Didrikson Zaharias 1951: Maureen Connolly 1952: Maureen Connolly 1953: Maureen Connolly 1954: Babe Didrikson Zaharias 1955: Patty Berg 1956: Pat McCormick 1957: Althea Gibson 1958: Althea Gibson 1959: Maria Bueno 1960: Wilma Rudolph 1961: Wilma Rudolph 1962: Dawn Fraser 1963: Mickey Wright 1964: Mickey Wright 1965: Kathy Whitworth 1966: Kathy Whitworth 1967: Billie Jean King 1968: Peggy Fleming 1969: Debbie Meyer 1970: Chi Cheng 1971: Evonne Goolagong 1972: Olga Korbut 1973: Billie Jean King 1974: Chris Evert 1975: Chris Evert 1976: Nadia Comăneci 1977: Chris Evert 1978: Nancy Lopez 1979: Tracy Austin 1980: Chris Evert 1981: Tracy Austin 1982: Mary Decker 1983: Martina Navratilova 1984: Mary Lou Retton 1985: Nancy Lopez 1986: Martina Navratilova 1987: Jackie Joyner-Kersee 1988: Florence Griffith Joyner 1989: Steffi Graf 1990: Beth Daniel 1991: Monica Seles 1992: Monica Seles 1993: Sheryl Swoopes 1994: Bonnie Blair 1995: Rebecca Lobo 1996: Amy Van Dyken 1997: Martina Hingis 1998: Pak Se-ri 1999: United States
United States
women's national soccer team 2000: Marion Jones 2001: Jennifer Capriati 2002: Serena Williams 2003: Annika Sörenstam 2004: Annika Sörenstam 2005: Annika Sörenstam 2006: Lorena Ochoa 2007: Lorena Ochoa 2008: Candace Parker 2009: Serena Williams 2010: Lindsey Vonn 2011: Abby Wambach 2012: Gabby Douglas 2013: Serena Williams 2014: Mo'ne Davis 2015: Serena Williams 2016: Simone Biles 2017: Katie Ledecky

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Best Female Athlete ESPY Award
Best Female Athlete ESPY Award
winners

1993: Seles 1994: Krone 1995: Blair 1996: Lobo 1997: Van Dyken 1998: Hamm 1999: Holdsclaw 2000: Graf 2001: Jones 2002: V. Williams 2003: S. Williams 2004: Taurasi 2005: Sörenstam 2006: Sörenstam 2007: Mowatt 2008: Parker 2009: Liukin 2010: Vonn 2011: Vonn 2012: Griner 2013: S. Williams 2014: Rousey 2015: Rousey 2016: Stewart 2017: Biles

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 84033868 LCCN: n87892224 ISNI: 0000 0000 7858 5804 GND: 11882

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