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STEFANIE MARIA "STEFFI" GRAF (German pronunciation: ; born 14 June 1969) is a German former professional tennis player, who was ranked world No. 1 during her career. Graf won 22 Grand Slam singles titles. Her 22 singles titles put her second on the list of Major wins in the female competition since the introduction of the Open Era
Open Era
in 1968 and is third all-time behind Margaret Court
Margaret Court
(24) and Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(23). In 1988, she became the first and only tennis player (male or female) to achieve the Golden Slam
Golden Slam
by winning all four Grand Slam singles titles and the Olympic gold medal in the same calendar year. Furthermore, she is the only tennis player to have won each Grand Slam event at least four times.

Graf was ranked world No. 1 by the Women\'s Tennis
Tennis
Association (WTA) for a record 377 total weeks—the longest period for which any player, male or female, has held the number-one ranking since the WTA and the Association of Tennis
Tennis
Professionals began issuing rankings. She won 107 singles titles, which ranks her third on the WTA's all-time list after Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
(167 titles) and Chris Evert (157 titles). She and Margaret Court
Margaret Court
are the only players, male or female, to win three grand slams in a calendar year five times (1988, 1989, 1993, 1995 and 1996).

Notable features of Graf's game were her versatility across all playing surfaces, footwork and her powerful forehand drive. Graf's athletic ability and aggressive game played from the baseline have been credited with developing the modern style of play that has come to dominate today's game. She won six French Open
French Open
singles titles (second to Evert), seven Wimbledon singles titles, four Australian Open titles, and five U.S. Open singles titles. She is the only singles player (male or female) to have achieved a Grand Slam since hard court was introduced as a surface at the US Open in 1978. Consequently, Graf's Grand Slam was achieved on grass, clay, and hard court while the previous five Grand Slams were decided on only grass and clay. Graf reached thirteen consecutive Grand Slam singles finals, from the 1987 French Open
French Open
through to the 1990 French Open
French Open
, winning nine of them. She won 5 consecutive Majors (1988 Australian Open
Australian Open
to 1989 Australian Open
Australian Open
), and seven Majors out of eight, in two calendar years (1988 Australian Open
Australian Open
to 1989 US Open , except 1989 French Open ). She reached a total of 31 Grand Slam singles finals.

Graf is regarded by some to be the greatest female tennis player of all time. Navratilova included Graf on her list of great players. In 1999 Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
said "Steffi is definitely the greatest women's tennis player of all time". In December 1999, Graf was named the greatest female tennis player of the 20th century by a panel of experts assembled by the Associated Press
Associated Press
. Tennis
Tennis
writer Steve Flink, in his book The Greatest Tennis
Tennis
Matches of the Twentieth Century, named her as the best female player of the 20th century. In March 2012, Tennis
Tennis
Channel picked Graf as the greatest female tennis player ever in their list of 100 greatest tennis players of all time.

Along with countryman Boris Becker
Boris Becker
, Graf was considered instrumental in popularizing tennis in Germany, where it has remained a highly popular sport ever since.

Graf retired in 1999 while she was ranked World No. 3. She married former World No. 1 men's tennis player Andre Agassi
Andre Agassi
in October 2001. They have two children – Jaden Gil and Jaz Elle. Graf was inducted into the Tennis
Tennis
Hall of Fame in 2004.

CONTENTS

* 1 Early life

* 2 Career

* 2.1 Early career * 2.2 Breakthrough year: 1987 * 2.3 Unprecedented Golden Slam: 1988

* 2.4 New challengers and personal challenges

* 2.4.1 1989 * 2.4.2 1990 * 2.4.3 1991 * 2.4.4 1992

* 2.5 Second period of dominance

* 2.5.1 1993 * 2.5.2 1994 * 2.5.3 1995 * 2.5.4 1996

* 2.6 Final years on the tour: 1997–99 * 2.7 Doubles career * 2.8 Post-career exhibition matches * 2.9 Summary of career

* 3 Career statistics

* 3.1 Records

* 4 Playing style * 5 Equipment and endorsements * 6 Personal life * 7 Awards and honours * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 External links

EARLY LIFE

Stefanie Graf was born on 14 June 1969, in Mannheim
Mannheim
, Baden-Württemberg
Baden-Württemberg
, West Germany
West Germany
, to Heidi Schalk and Peter Graf (18 June 1938 − 30 November 2013), a car and insurance salesman. When she was nine years old her family moved to the neighbouring town of Brühl . She has a younger brother Michael. Graf was introduced to tennis by her father, an aspiring tennis coach, who taught his three-year-old daughter how to swing a wooden racket in the family's living room. She began practicing on a court at the age of four and played in her first tournament at five. She soon began winning junior tournaments with regularity, and in 1982 she won the European Championships 12s and 18s.

CAREER

EARLY CAREER

Graf played in her first professional tournament in October 1982 at Stuttgart
Stuttgart
, Germany. She lost her first round match 6–4, 6–0 to Tracy Austin
Tracy Austin
, a two-time US Open champion and former World No. 1 player. (Twelve years later, Graf defeated Austin 6–0, 6–0 during a second round match at the Evert Cup in Indian Wells, California
Indian Wells, California
, which was their second and last match against each other.)

At the start of her first full professional year in 1983, Graf was 13 years old and ranked World No. 124. She won no titles during the next three years, but her ranking climbed steadily to World No. 98 in 1983, No. 22 in 1984, and No. 6 in 1985. In 1984, she first gained international attention when she almost upset the tenth seed, Jo Durie of the United Kingdom, in a fourth round Centre Court
Centre Court
match at Wimbledon. In August as a 15-year-old (and youngest entrant) representing West Germany, she won the tennis demonstration event at the 1984 Olympic Games in Los Angeles. No medals were awarded as this was not an official Olympic event.

Graf's schedule was closely controlled by her father, who limited her play so that she would not burn out. In 1985, for instance, she played only 10 events leading up to the US Open, whereas another up-and-coming star, Gabriela Sabatini
Gabriela Sabatini
of Argentina, who was a year younger than Graf, played 21. Peter also kept a tight rein on Graf's personal life. Social invitations on the tour were often declined as Graf's focus was kept on practicing and match play. Working with her father and then-coach Pavel Složil , Graf typically practiced for up to four hours a day, often heading straight from airports to practice courts. This narrow focus meant that Graf, already shy and retiring by nature, made few friends on the tour in her early years, but it led to a steady improvement in her play.

In 1985 and early 1986, Graf emerged as the top challenger to the dominance of Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
and Chris Evert
Chris Evert
. During that period, she lost six times to Evert and three times to Navratilova, all in straight sets. She did not win a tournament but consistently reached tournament finals and semifinals, with the highlight being her semifinal loss to Navratilova at the US Open.

On 13 April 1986, Graf won her first WTA tournament and beat Evert for the first time in the final of the Family Circle Cup in Hilton Head, South Carolina . (She never lost to Evert again, beating her a further seven times over the next three and a half years.) Graf then won her next three tournaments at Amelia Island , Charleston, and Berlin , culminating in a 6–2, 6–3 defeat of Navratilova in the final of the latter. Illness caused her to miss Wimbledon, and an accident where she broke a toe several weeks later also curtailed her play. She returned to win a small tournament at Mahwah just before the US Open where, in one of the most anticipated matches of the year, she encountered Navratilova in a semifinal. The match was played over two days with Navratilova finally winning after saving three match points 6–1, 6–7, 7–6. Graf then won three consecutive indoor titles at Tokyo
Tokyo
, Zürich , and Brighton
Brighton
, before once again contending with Navratilova at the season-ending Virginia Slims Championships in New York City. This time, Navratilova beat Graf 7–6, 6–3, 6–2.

BREAKTHROUGH YEAR: 1987

Graf's Grand Slam tournament breakthrough came in 1987. She started the year strongly, with six tournament victories heading into the French Open, the highlight being at the tournament in Miami , where she defeated Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
in a semifinal and Chris Evert
Chris Evert
in the final and conceded only 20 games in the seven rounds of the tournament. In the French Open
French Open
final, Graf defeated Navratilova, who was the World No. 1, 6–4, 4–6, 8–6 after beating Sabatini in a three-set semifinal.

Graf then lost to Navratilova 7–5, 6–3 in the Wimbledon final, her first loss of the year. However, in the Federation Cup final in Vancouver, Canada
Vancouver, Canada
, three weeks later, she defeated Evert easily 6–2, 6–1. The US Open ended anti-climactically as Navratilova defeated Graf in the final 7–6, 6–1.

Graf had a win-loss record of 75-2 for a 97.4 winning percentage in 1987, both losses coming to Navratilova as they split the four matches they played during the year. On August 17, after defeating Evert in a straight set final in the Virginia Slims of Los Angeles, Graf overtook Navratilova for the world number one ranking for the first time in her career, a ranking she would hold for the next 186 consecutive-weeks, a record that has not been broken (although it was tied by Serena Williams in 2016, who also held the ranking for 186 consecutive weeks). Graf was the first player other than Navratilova or Evert to hold the top spot since Tracy Austin
Tracy Austin
in 1980.

UNPRECEDENTED GOLDEN SLAM: 1988

Seoul women's tennis results

Graf started 1988 by winning the Australian Open, defeating Chris Evert in the final 6–1, 7–6. Graf did not lose a set during the tournament and lost a total of only 29 games.

Graf lost twice to Sabatini during the spring, once on hardcourts in Boca Raton, Florida, and once on clay at Amelia Island, Florida . Graf, however, won the tournament in San Antonio, Texas, and retained her title in Miami, where she once again defeated Evert in the final. Graf then won the tournament in Berlin , losing only twelve games in five matches.

At the French Open
French Open
, Graf successfully defended her title by defeating Natasha Zvereva
Natasha Zvereva
6–0, 6–0 in a 32-minute final. That was the shortest-ever and most one-sided Grand Slam final ever and the only double bagel in a Major final since 1911. Zvereva, who had eliminated Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
in the fourth round, won only thirteen points in the match.

Next came Wimbledon, where Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
had won six straight titles. Graf was trailing Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
in the final 7–5, 2–0 before winning the match 5–7, 6–2, 6–1. She then won tournaments in Hamburg and Mahwah (where she lost only eight games all tournament).

At the US Open, Graf beat Sabatini in a three-set final to win the Grand Slam by 6–3, 3–6, 6–1, a feat previously performed by only two other women, Maureen Connolly Brinker
Maureen Connolly Brinker
in 1953 and Margaret Court in 1970. Graf's 1988 Grand Slam remains the only one in history completed on three surfaces (grass, clay, hard court), as all other Grand Slams in tennis history were achieved prior to the introduction of hard court at the US Open in 1978.

Graf then defeated Sabatini 6–3, 6–3 in the gold medal match at the Olympic Games in Seoul and achieved what the media had dubbed the "Golden Slam". The feat has only been achieved by Graf to date. Graf also won her only Grand Slam doubles title that year—at Wimbledon partnering Sabatini—and picked up a women's doubles Olympic bronze medal.

At the year-ending Virginia Slims Championships , Graf was upset by Pam Shriver , only her third loss of the year. She was named the 1988 BBC Overseas Sports Personality of the Year .

At the end of the year, the municipality of Brühl, her hometown, gave her the title of honorary citizen.

NEW CHALLENGERS AND PERSONAL CHALLENGES

Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
backhand

1989

Speculation was rife at the beginning of 1989 about the possibility of Graf winning another Grand Slam. Some noted observers, such as Margaret Court
Margaret Court
, suggested that Graf could achieve the feat a couple more times. And the year began as expected, with Graf extending her Grand Slam tournament winning streak to five events at the Australian Open, defeating Helena Suková
Helena Suková
in the final. Her 6–3, 6–0 defeat of Argentina's Gabriela Sabatini
Gabriela Sabatini
in a semifinal was described by veteran observer Ted Tinling as "probably the best tennis I've seen". He went on to add, "I saw what Steffi did to Sabatini at the Australian Open
Australian Open
this year, and that was it. She is better than them all."

Graf followed this with easy victories in her next four tournaments at Washington, D.C., San Antonio, Texas, Boca Raton, Florida, and Hilton Head, South Carolina
Hilton Head, South Carolina
. The Washington, D.C. tournament was notable because Graf won the first twenty points of the final against Zina Garrison
Zina Garrison
. In the Boca Raton final, Graf lost the only set she conceded to Chris Evert
Chris Evert
in their final seven matches.

In the subsequent Amelia Island final on clay, Graf lost her first match of the year to Sabatini but returned to European clay with easy victories at Hamburg and Berlin .

Graf's Grand Slam tournament winning streak ended at the French Open, where 17-year-old Spaniard Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
beat Graf in three sets. Graf served for the match at 5–3 in the third set but lost the game and won only three more points in the match. Suffering from food poisoning, she had struggled to beat Monica Seles
Monica Seles
in their semifinal 6–3, 3–6, 6–3 and said that she had had menstrual cramps in the final. Graf, however, recovered to defeat Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
6–2, 6–7, 6–1 in the Wimbledon final after defeating Monica Seles 6–0, 6–1 in a fourth round match, Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
in a quarterfinal, and Chris Evert
Chris Evert
in a semifinal.

Graf warmed up for the US Open with easy tournament victories in San Diego and Mahwah . In her semifinal match at the US Open, Graf defeated Sabatini 3–6, 6–4, 6–2. The match was notable for its dramatic ending. Having suffered from leg cramps since the middle of the third set, Graf ran off the court seconds after match point to seek medical treatment. In the final, Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
led 6–3, 4–2 before Graf rallied to win 3–6, 7–5, 6–1 for her third Grand Slam singles title of the year.

Victories at Zürich and Brighton
Brighton
preceded the Virginia Slims Championships , where Graf cemented her top-ranked status by beating Navratilova in the final in four sets. Graf ended 1989 with an 86–2 match record and the loss of only twelve sets. Her .977 winning percentage is the second-highest in the open era behind Navratilova.

1990

Graf defeated Mary Joe Fernández
Mary Joe Fernández
in the final of the Australian Open, which was her eighth Grand Slam singles title in the last nine she contested. Her winning streak (unbeaten since the 1989 French Open loss to Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
) continued with victories in Tokyo
Tokyo
, Amelia Island , and Hamburg . Shortly after winning in Tokyo, Graf injured her right thumb while cross-country skiing in Switzerland
Switzerland
and subsequently withdrew from the Virginia Slims of Florida and the Lipton Championships . In Berlin , she extended her unbeaten streak to 66 matches (second in WTA history to Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
's 74) before losing the final to Monica Seles
Monica Seles
, 6–4, 6–3.

While the Berlin tournament was being played, the largest-circulation German tabloid, Bild
Bild
, ran a story about an alleged scandal involving Graf's father. The difficulty of answering questions about the matter came to a head at a Wimbledon press conference, where Graf broke down in tears. Wimbledon authorities then threatened to immediately shut down any subsequent press conferences where questions about the issue were asked. Whether this scandal affected Graf's form is open to debate. In an interview with Stern magazine in July 1990, Graf stated, "I could not fight as usual."

Graf again lost to Monica Seles
Monica Seles
in the final of the French Open 7–6, 6–4. Seles was behind 2–6 in the first set tiebreaker, but then came back to win six points in a row and take the set. At Wimbledon, Graf lost in the semifinals to Zina Garrison
Zina Garrison
, who with this victory broke Graf's string of 13 consecutive Major finals. After victories in Montreal and San Diego , Graf reached the US Open final, where she lost in straight sets to Sabatini. Graf won four indoor tournaments after the US Open, including a pair of straight set wins over Sabatini in the finals of Zürich and Worcester . Although Sabatini got the best of Graf in the semifinals of the season-ending Virginia Slims Championships , Graf still finished the year as the top ranked player.

1991

A mixture of injury problems, personal difficulties, and loss of form made 1991 a tough year for Graf. Seles established herself as the new dominant player on the women's tour, winning the Australian Open, French Open, and US Open and, in March, ending Graf's record 186 consecutive-weeks hold on the World No. 1 ranking. Graf briefly regained the top ranking after winning at Wimbledon but lost it again after her loss to Navratilova at the US Open.

Graf lost an Australian Open
Australian Open
quarterfinal to Jana Novotná
Jana Novotná
, the first time she did not reach the semifinals of a Grand Slam singles tournament since the 1986 French Open
French Open
. She then lost to Sabatini in her next three tournaments before winning the U.S. Hardcourt Championships in San Antonio
San Antonio
, beating Monica Seles
Monica Seles
in the final. After losing a fifth straight time to Sabatini in Amelia Island, Florida , Graf again defeated Seles in the Hamburg final. Following her tournament victory in German Open in Berlin, Graf suffered one of the worst defeats of her career in a French Open
French Open
semifinal where she won only two games against Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
and lost her first 6–0 set since 1984. At Wimbledon , however, Graf captured her third women's crown, this time at Sabatini's expense. Sabatini served for the match twice, and was two points away from her first Wimbledon title. After breaking Sabatini's serve to even the third set at 6–6, Graf defeated Sabatini by winning the next two games to take the match 6–4, 3–6, 8–6. Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
then defeated Graf 7–6, 6–7, 6–4 in a US Open semifinal, the first time she had beaten Graf in four years. Graf then won in Leipzig, with her 500th career victory coming in a quarterfinal against Judith Wiesner . After winning two more indoor tournaments at Zürich and Brighton
Brighton
, she failed once again in the Virginia Slims Championships , losing her quarterfinal to Novotná. Soon after, she split with her long-time coach, Pavel Složil .

1992

A bout of rubella forced Graf to miss the first major event of 1992, the Australian Open
Australian Open
. Her year continued indifferently with losses in three of her first four tournaments, including a semifinal loss to Jana Novotná
Jana Novotná
in Chicago . It was Graf's second consecutive loss to Novotna, and dating back to their 1991 Australian Open
Australian Open
quarterfinal match, Jana had won three of their last five meetings. Chicago was notable, however, for being the first tournament Graf played with her new coach, former Swiss player Heinz Günthardt
Heinz Günthardt
. Graf's father had approached Günthardt during the 1991 Virginia Slims Championships. She would work with him for the remainder of her career. In Boca Raton, Florida , Graf reached her first final of the year, where she faced Conchita Martínez
Conchita Martínez
for the title. In their five previous head-to-head matches, Graf had defeated Martínez each time. Even though Conchita won the opening set, Graf went on to prevail 3–6, 6–2, 6–0. She lost twice to Sabatini in the early spring at the Lipton International and the Bausch however, the Bausch Graf came within 2 points of winning the match a few games earlier. At Wimbledon, after struggling through early-round three-setters against lowly ranked Mariaan de Swardt and Patty Fendick , she easily defeated Natasha Zvereva
Natasha Zvereva
in a quarterfinal, Sabatini in a semifinal, and Monica Seles in the final 6–2, 6–1, with Seles playing in almost complete silence because of widespread media and player criticism of her grunting . Graf then won all five of her Fed Cup
Fed Cup
matches, helping Germany
Germany
defeat Spain
Spain
in the final by defeating Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 6–4, 6–2. At the Olympic Games in Barcelona, Graf lost to Jennifer Capriati
Jennifer Capriati
in the final and claimed the silver medal. At the US Open, Graf was upset in a quarterfinal by Sánchez Vicario 7–6, 6–3. Four consecutive indoor tournament victories in the autumn improved her year, but for the third consecutive year, she failed to win the Virginia Slims Championships , where she lost in the first round to Lori McNeil .

SECOND PERIOD OF DOMINANCE

1993

Graf began 1993 with four losses in her first six tournaments of the year: two to Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
and one each to Seles and the 36-year-old Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
. She struggled at the tournament in Berlin where she lost a 6–0 set to the unheralded Sabine Hack before defeating Mary Joe Fernández
Mary Joe Fernández
and Sabatini in three-set matches to claim her seventh title there in eight years.

Monica Seles
Monica Seles
beat Graf in three sets in the final of the Australian Open 4–6, 6–3, 6–2. This cemented Seles as the dominant #1 player in the world, having won 5 of the previous 6, 7 of the previous 9, and 8 of the previous 12 major singles titles. In that timespan of 12 majors, Graf had won twice (1991 and 1992 Wimbledon) in comparison.

During a quarterfinal match between Seles and Magdalena Maleeva
Magdalena Maleeva
in Hamburg (Graf's home country), Seles was stabbed between the shoulder blades by a mentally ill German fan of Graf, Günter Parche. He claimed that he committed the attack to help Graf reclaim the World No. 1 ranking. More than two years elapsed before Seles competed again. Shortly after the stabbing, at the Italian Open in Rome, 17 of the world's top 25 WTA members voted against preserving Seles' world #1 ranking while she was sidelined (only Sabatini abstained from this vote). Since Graf skipped the Italian Open, she did not take part in the vote.

Following the absence of Seles, Graf won 65 of 67 matches, three of four Grand Slam events and the year-end Virginia Slims championships. She won her first French Open
French Open
title since 1988 with a three-set victory over Mary Joe Fernández
Mary Joe Fernández
in the final. The win elevated Graf to the World No. 1 ranking for the first time in 22 months. At Wimbledon, Graf defeated Jana Novotná
Jana Novotná
to win her third consecutive, and fifth overall, ladies' title. In the third and deciding set, Jana had a point to go up 5–1 on her serve. After breaking Novotná's serve, Graf won the next four games to take the match 7–6, 1–6, 6–4. Graf had a bone splinter in her right foot during this tournament (and for the next few months), finally resulting in surgery on 4 October.

In the meantime, she lost surprisingly to Nicole Bradtke of Australia in a Fed Cup
Fed Cup
match on clay before winning the Acura Classic in San Diego and the Canadian Open in Toronto in preparation for the US Open. She won there, beating Helena Suková
Helena Suková
comfortably in the final after eliminating Sabatini in a three-set quarterfinal. She won the tournament in Leipzig
Leipzig
yet again the day before her foot operation, losing only two games to Jana Novotná
Jana Novotná
in the final. Graf lost to Conchita Martínez
Conchita Martínez
in her return tournament a month later in Philadelphia . However, she finished her year with a highlight, winning her first Virginia Slims Championships since 1989 by beating Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
in the final despite needing painkillers for a back injury.

1994

Seemingly free of injury for the first time in years, Graf began the year by winning the Australian Open
Australian Open
, where she defeated Arantxa Sánchez Vicario in the final with the loss of only two games. Graf later stated it was the best tennis she had ever played in a Grand Slam final. She then won her next four tournaments in Tokyo
Tokyo
, Indian Wells , Delray Beach and Miami respectively. In the Miami final, she lost her first set of the year—to Natasha Zvereva
Natasha Zvereva
—after winning 54 consecutive sets. In the Hamburg final, she lost for the first time in 1994 after 36 consecutive match victories, losing to Sánchez Vicario in three sets. She then won her eighth German Open , but there were signs that her form was worsening as she almost lost to Julie Halard in a quarterfinal. As the defending champion Graf lost in straight sets to Mary Pierce
Mary Pierce
in the French Open
French Open
semifinal. This was followed by a first-round straight-sets loss at Wimbledon to Lori McNeil , her only loss at Wimbledon between 1991 and 1997 and her first loss in a first round Grand Slam tournament in ten years. Graf still managed to win San Diego the following month but aggravated a long-time back injury in beating Sánchez Vicario in the final. Graf developed a bone spur at the base of her spine due to a congenital condition of the sacroiliac joint . She began to wear a back brace and was unsure about playing the US Open but elected to play while receiving treatment and stretching for two hours before each match. She made it to the final and took the first set against Sánchez Vicario but lost the next two sets — Sanchez Vicario's last victory over Graf. In the middle of the second set, Graf suffered back spasms while reaching for a ball in the ad court. She took the following nine weeks off, returning only for the Virginia Slims Championships where she lost in straight sets to Pierce in the quarterfinal.

1995

A strained right calf muscle forced Graf to withdraw from the Australian Open
Australian Open
. She came back in February, winning four consecutive tournaments in Paris , Delray Beach , Miami and Houston . She then beat Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
in the finals of both the French Open and Wimbledon . The US Open was Monica Seles
Monica Seles
's first Grand Slam event since the 1993 attack. Seles and Graf met in the final, with Graf winning 7–6, 0–6, 6–3. Graf then capped the year by beating countrywoman Anke Huber in a five-set final at the season-ending WTA Tour Championships in 2 hours 46 minutes.

In personal terms, 1995 was a difficult year for Graf, as she was accused by German authorities of tax evasion in the early years of her career. In her defense, she stated that her father Peter was her financial manager, and all financial matters relating to her earnings at the time had been under his control. As a result, Peter was sentenced to 45 months in jail. He was eventually released after serving 25 months. Prosecutors dropped their case against Graf in 1997, when she agreed to pay a fine of 1.3 million Deutsche Marks to the government and an unspecified charity.

1996

Graf again missed the Australian Open
Australian Open
after undergoing surgery to remove bone splinters from her left foot. She came back to the tour in March, winning back to back titles in Indian Wells and Miami , followed by a record ninth title at the German Open in May. She then successfully defended the three Grand Slam titles she won the year before. In a close French Open
French Open
final, Graf again overcame Arantxa Sánchez Vicario , taking the third-set 10–8. Graf had led 4-1 in the second set tiebreak, only to lose six points in a row and force a decider. Twice in the third set Sánchez Vicario served for the championship but was broken each time by Graf. It was the longest French Open
French Open
women's singles final in history, both in terms of time (3 hours and 3 minutes) and number of games played (40). Graf then had a straight-sets win against Sánchez Vicario in the Wimbledon final. That was the last competitive match Graf and Sánchez Vicario would ever play against one another. In July, a left knee injury forced Graf to withdraw from the Summer Olympics in Atlanta
Atlanta
. Graf played only one warmup event ahead of the US Open, the Acura Classic in Manhattan Beach, California , where she lost to Lindsay Davenport
Lindsay Davenport
in the semifinals. She then successfully defended her title at the US Open , defeating Monica Seles
Monica Seles
in the final. Graf did not lose a set the whole tournament. She also won her fifth and final WTA Tour Championships title with a five set win over Martina Hingis
Martina Hingis
. In 1988 Graf became only the second tennis player in history to win a Slam on hard court, clay, and grass all in the same season. She repeated the feat in 1993, 1995, and 1996.

FINAL YEARS ON THE TOUR: 1997–99

The last few years of Graf's career were beset by injuries, particularly to her knees and back. She lost the World No. 1 ranking to Martina Hingis
Martina Hingis
and failed to win a Grand Slam title for the first time in ten years in 1997. That year Graf lost in the fourth round of the Australian Open
Australian Open
in straight sets to Amanda Coetzer
Amanda Coetzer
. She subsequently withdrew from the Toray Pan Pacific Open
Toray Pan Pacific Open
and had arthroscopic surgery performed on her left knee. After several months injury lay off, Graf returned to play in the German Open in Berlin in front of a home crowd and had the worst defeat of her career in the quarter final, when Amanda Coetzer
Amanda Coetzer
beat her in just 56 minutes 6–0, 6–1. In the French Open
French Open
Graf was again beaten by Amanda Coetzer
Amanda Coetzer
in straight sets 6–1, 6–4. Only one week later Graf underwent reconstructive knee surgery in Vienna
Vienna
and subsequently missed the 1997 Wimbledon and US Open championships. The treatment was for a fracture of the cartilage as well as a shortening and partial rupture of the patellar tendon of her left knee. After missing almost half of the tour in 1998, Graf lost in the third round at Wimbledon and in the fourth round at the US Open . Shortly after the US Open she underwent surgery to remove a bone spur in her right wrist. Upon her return Graf defeated World No. 2 Hingis and World No. 1 Lindsay Davenport
Lindsay Davenport
en route to the Philadelphia title. At the first round of the season-ending Chase Championships , Graf defeated World No. 3 Jana Novotná before losing in the semifinal to first-seeded Davenport.

At the beginning of 1999 Graf played the warm up event to the Australian Open
Australian Open
in Sydney; she defeated Serena Williams
Serena Williams
in the second round and Venus Williams
Venus Williams
in the quarterfinals before losing to Lindsay Davenport in the semifinal. Graf then went on to reach the quarterfinals of the Australian Open
Australian Open
before losing to Monica Seles
Monica Seles
in two sets. In Indian Wells Graf lost to Serena Williams
Serena Williams
in three sets.

At the 1999 French Open
French Open
, Graf reached her first Grand Slam final in three years and fought back from a set and twice from a break down in the second set to defeat the top ranked Hingis in three sets for a memorable victory. Graf became the first player in the open era to defeat the first, second, and third ranked players in the same Grand Slam tournament by beating second-ranked Davenport in the quarterfinals and third-ranked Monica Seles
Monica Seles
in the semifinals. Graf said after the final that it would be her last French Open, fueling speculation about her retirement.

Graf then reached her ninth Wimbledon singles final, losing to third-seeded Davenport in straight sets.

On 13 August 1999, shortly after retiring with a strained hamstring from a second round match against Amy Frazier in San Diego , Graf announced her retirement from the women's tour at age 30. She was ranked World No. 3 at that time. Graf said, "I have done everything I wanted to do in tennis. I feel I have nothing left to accomplish. The weeks following Wimbledon weren't easy for me. I was not having fun anymore. After Wimbledon, for the first time in my career, I didn't feel like going to a tournament. My motivation wasn't what it was in the past."

DOUBLES CAREER

From the beginning of her career until 1990, Graf regularly played doubles events in Grand Slams and other tournaments, winning a total of 11 titles. In 1986, she formed a partnership with rival Gabriela Sabatini . The pair was moderately successful, winning the 1988 Wimbledon Championships together and reaching the finals of the French Open in 1986, 1987 and 1989. The partnership was the subject of much discussion, as the two women, both known to be shy, usually kept communication to a minimum during changeovers and between points, a highly unusual situation in doubles. Sabatini said of the partnership: "doubles is all about communicating with each other, and we didn't communicate that much. We would just say the basic things, but nothing else." The pair played their last major tournament together at the 1990 Wimbledon Championships , losing in the quarterfinals. From 1991 until the end of her career, Graf would only play doubles sporadically, forming short-term partnerships with a variety of players, including Lori McNeil , Anke Huber and her best friends on the tour, Rennae Stubbs
Rennae Stubbs
, Patricia Tarabini and Ines Gorrochategui . She played her last Grand Slam doubles tournament at the 1999 Australian Open
Australian Open
with Gorrochategui, losing in the second round.

Graf also occasionally played mixed doubles, although she never won a title. She partnered with doubles specialist Mark Woodforde
Mark Woodforde
at the Australian Open
Australian Open
in 1994, with French player Henri Leconte
Henri Leconte
at Wimbledon in 1991 and at the French Open
French Open
in 1994, and with American player Charlie Pasarell
Charlie Pasarell
at the US Open in 1984. In an unusual arrangement, she paired with her coaches Pavel Složil at Wimbledon in 1988 and Heinz Günthardt
Heinz Günthardt
in 1992 and 1996, also at Wimbledon. At the 1999 Wimbledon Championships, Graf formed a much-publicized partnership with John McEnroe
John McEnroe
, with whom she reached the semifinals before withdrawing because of a strained hamstring.

POST-CAREER EXHIBITION MATCHES

Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
(Wimbledon 2009)

In late 1999 and early 2000, as part of her Farewell Tour, Graf played a series of exhibition matches against former rivals in New Zealand, Japan, Spain, Germany
Germany
and South Africa. She played Jelena Dokic in Christchurch, New Zealand , Amanda Coetzer
Amanda Coetzer
in Durban, South Africa , and her former rival Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
in Zaragoza, Spain
Spain
. It was Graf and Sánchez Vicario's first head-to-head meeting since 1996. In February 2000, Graf played against Kimiko Date at Nagoya Rainbow Hall in Tokyo
Tokyo
, winning in three sets. In September 2004, Graf dispatched her former doubles partner Gabriela Sabatini
Gabriela Sabatini
in straight sets, in an exhibition match played in Berlin, Germany
Germany
. She was also in Berlin to host a charity gala, as well as inaugurating a tennis stadium renamed the " Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
Stadion". Proceeds from her match against Sabatini went to Graf's foundation, "Children for Tomorrow".

In July 2005, Graf competed in one tie of World Team Tennis
Tennis
(WTT) on the Houston Wranglers team. She was beaten in two out of three matches, with each match being one set. Graf lost her singles match to Elena Likhovtseva 5–4. She teamed with Ansley Cargill in women's doubles against Anna Kournikova
Anna Kournikova
and Likhovtseva but lost 5–2. She was successful, however, in the mixed doubles match. Graf completely ruled out a return to professional tennis. In October, Graf defeated Sabatini in an exhibition match in Mannheim, Germany
Germany
, winning both of their sets. Like the exhibition match the previous year against Sabatini, proceeds went to "Children for Tomorrow". Steffi Graf at a charity tennis tournament in 2010

In 2008 Graf lost an exhibition match against Kimiko Date
Kimiko Date
at Ariake Colosseum in Tokyo. As part of the event, billed as "Dream Match 2008", she defeated Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
in a one-set affair 8-7, with Graf winning a tiebreaker 10-5. It was the first time in 14 years Graf had played Navratilova. Graf played a singles exhibition match against Kim Clijsters
Kim Clijsters
and a mixed doubles exhibition alongside husband Andre Agassi
Andre Agassi
against Tim Henman
Tim Henman
and Clijsters as part of a test event and celebration for the newly installed roof over Wimbledon's Centre Court in 2009. She lost a lengthy one-set singles match to Clijsters and also the mixed doubles.

In 2010, Graf participated in the WTT Smash Hits exhibition in Washington, D.C. to support the Elton John AIDS Foundation . She and Agassi, her husband, were on Team Elton John, which competed against Team Billie Jean King. Graf played in the celebrity doubles, women's doubles, and mixed doubles before straining her left calf muscle and being replaced by Anna Kournikova.

SUMMARY OF CAREER

Graf won seven singles titles at Wimbledon, six singles titles at the French Open, five singles titles at the US Open, and four singles titles at the Australian Open. Her overall record in 56 Grand Slam events was 282–32 (89 percent) (87–10 at the French Open, 75–7 at Wimbledon, 73–9 at the US Open, and 47–6 at the Australian Open). Her career prize-money earnings totalled US$21,895,277 (a record until Lindsay Davenport
Lindsay Davenport
surpassed this amount in January 2008). Her singles win-loss record was 900–115 (88.7 percent). She was ranked World No. 1 for 186 consecutive weeks (from August 1987 to March 1991, tied with Serena Williams, a record in the women's game) and a record total 377 weeks overall.

CAREER STATISTICS

Main article: Steffi Graf career statistics

KEY W F SF QF #R RR Q# A NH

(W) Won; (F) finalist; (SF) semifinalist; (QF) quarterfinalist; (#R) rounds 4, 3, 2, 1; (RR) round-robin stage; (Q#) qualification round; (A) absent; (NH) not held.

West Germany Germany

TOURNAMENT 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 SR W–L

GRAND SLAM TOURNAMENTS

Australian Open
Australian Open
1R 3R A NH A W W W QF A F W A A 4R A QF 4 / 10 47–6

French Open
French Open
2R 3R 4R QF W W F F SF F W SF W W QF A W 6 / 16 84–10

Wimbledon LQ 4R 4R A F W W SF W W W 1R W W A 3R F 7 / 14 74–7

US Open LQ 1R SF SF F W W F SF QF W F W W A 4R A 5 / 14 73–9

WIN–LOSS 1-2 7–4 11–3 9–2 19–2 28–0 27–1 24–3 21–3 17–2 27–1 18–3 21–0 21–0 7–2 5–2 17–2 22 / 54 278–32

RECORDS

This section POSSIBLY CONTAINS ORIGINAL RESEARCH . Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations . Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. (July 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message )

* These records were attained in Open Era
Open Era
of tennis. * Records in BOLD indicate peer-less achievements.

TIME SPAN SELECTED GRAND SLAM TOURNAMENT RECORDS PLAYERS MATCHED

1988 Australian Open
Australian Open
— 1988 Olympics Golden Slam STANDS ALONE

1988 Australian Open
Australian Open
— 1988 US Open Grand Slam Margaret Court
Margaret Court

1987 French Open
French Open
— 1988 Olympics Career Golden Slam Serena Williams
Serena Williams

1987 French Open
French Open
— 1988 US Open Career Grand Slam Margaret Court Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
Chris Evert
Chris Evert
Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
Serena Williams Maria Sharapova
Maria Sharapova

1993 French Open
French Open
— 1994 Australian Open
Australian Open
Non-Calendar Year Grand Slam Martina Navratilova Serena Williams
Serena Williams

1993 French Open
French Open
— 1994 Australian Open
Australian Open
Non-Calendar Year Grand Slam in addition to already winning a Grand Slam STANDS ALONE

1988 Australian Open
Australian Open
— 1990 Australian Open
Australian Open
Winner of 8 of 9 Grand Slams Margaret Court

1988, 1995 & 1996 100% match winning percentage in 1 season Margaret Court Billie Jean King Chris Evert Monica Seles
Monica Seles
Serena Williams
Serena Williams

1988 French Open Double bagel win in a Grand Slam final Dorothea Douglass Lambert Chambers

1987 French Open
French Open
— 1995 US Open 4+ titles at all four Majors STANDS ALONE

1987 French Open
French Open
— 1989 US Open 2+ consecutive titles at all four Majors STANDS ALONE

1988 Australian Open
Australian Open
— 1996 US Open 5 calendar years winning 3+ Grand Slam titles STANDS ALONE

1988 French Open
French Open
— 1989 US Open Defended all four Majors on first try STANDS ALONE

1987 French Open
French Open
— 1999 French Open
French Open
6+ titles on clay, grass and hardcourt STANDS ALONE

1987 French Open
French Open
— 1999 French Open
French Open
9+ finals on clay, grass and hardcourt STANDS ALONE

1987 French Open
French Open
— 1990 French Open
French Open
13 consecutive Grand Slam finals STANDS ALONE

1999 French Open Defeated the top 3 seeded players in the same tournament STANDS ALONE

1988 Australian Open
Australian Open
— 1993 US Open Reached the final of all four Grand Slams tournaments in a calendar year Margaret Court Chris Evert Martina Navratilova Monica Seles Martina Hingis
Martina Hingis
Justine Henin
Justine Henin

1988 Australian Open
Australian Open
— 1993 US Open Reached the final of all four Grand Slams tournaments in a calendar year three times STANDS ALONE

1988 Australian Open
Australian Open
— 1996 US Open 3 different Grand Slam titles won without losing a set

Chris Evert
Chris Evert
Lindsay Davenport
Lindsay Davenport
Serena Williams
Serena Williams

GRAND SLAM TOURNAMENTS TIME SPAN RECORDS AT EACH GRAND SLAM TOURNAMENT PLAYERS MATCHED

Australian Open 1988–1990 3 consecutive titles Margaret Court Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
Cawley Monica Seles
Monica Seles
Martina Hingis
Martina Hingis

Australian Open 1988–1989, 1994 3 titles won without losing a set Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong

Australian Open—French Open 1988 2 titles won without losing a set in the same calendar year Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
Martina Hingis
Martina Hingis
Serena Williams
Serena Williams
Justine Henin
Justine Henin

French Open 1987–1999 9 finals overall Chris Evert
Chris Evert

French Open 1987–1990 4 consecutive finals Chris Evert Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova

French Open 1983–1999 87 match wins STANDS ALONE

Wimbledon 1984–1999 CAREER MATCH WINNING PERFORMANCE 90.36% (75–8) STANDS ALONE

TIME SPAN OTHER SELECTED RECORDS PLAYERS MATCHED

17 August 1987 — 10 March 1991 186 consecutive weeks at No. 1 Serena Williams
Serena Williams

1987–1997 377 total weeks at No. 1 STANDS ALONE

1987–1990 1993–1996 8 years ended at No. 1 STANDS ALONE

1988–1990, 1994, 1996 5 years as wire-to-wire No. 1 STANDS ALONE

1987, 1989 Reached the final of every tournament played in a calendar year Monica Seles

1986–1990 1992–1996 Two streaks of 5 years with winning percentage of 90%+ STANDS ALONE

1986-1996 9 German Open titles STANDS ALONE

1986-89 "> Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
Farewell World Tour 2000

PLAYING STYLE

The main weapons in Graf's game were her powerful inside-out forehand drive (which earned her the moniker Fräulein Forehand) and her intricate footwork. She often positioned herself in her backhand corner and although this left her forehand wide open and vulnerable to attack, her court speed meant that only the most accurate shots wide to her forehand caused any trouble. Graf’s technique on the forehand was unique and instantly recognizable: generating considerable racquet head speed with her swing, she reached the point of contact late and typically out of the air. As a result, she hit her forehand with exceptional pace and accuracy. According to her coaches Pavel Složil and Heinz Günthardt, Graf's superior sense of timing was the key behind the success of her forehand.

Graf also had a powerful backhand drive but over the course of her career tended to use this less frequently, opting more often for an effective backhand slice. Starting in the early 1990s, she used the slice almost exclusively in baseline rallies and mostly limited the topspin backhand to passing shots. Her accuracy with the slice, both cross-court and down the line and her ability to skid the ball and keep it low, enabled her to use it as an offensive weapon to set the ball up for her forehand put-aways. However, Graf admitted in 1995 that she would have preferred having a two-handed backhand in retrospect.

She built her powerful and accurate serve up to 174 km/h (108 mph), making it one of the fastest serves in women's tennis and was a capable volleyer.

An exceptionally versatile competitor, Graf remains the only player, male or female, to have won the calendar-year Grand Slam on three surfaces or to have won each Grand Slam at least four times. Eighteen-time Grand Slam champion and former rival Chris Evert
Chris Evert
opined, " Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
is the best all-around player. Martina won more on fast courts and I won more on slow courts, but Steffi came along and won more titles on both surfaces." Her endurance and superior footwork allowed her to excel on clay courts, where, in addition to six French Open titles, she won 26 regular tour events, including a record eight titles at the German Open . Meanwhile, her naturally aggressive style of play, effective backhand slice and speed around the court made her even more dominant on fast surfaces such as hard courts, grass and carpet. Graf stated that grass was her favorite surface to play on, while clay was her least favorite.

EQUIPMENT AND ENDORSEMENTS

Graf wore Adidas
Adidas
apparel and sneakers during her tennis career. She had an adidas sneakers line known as the St. Graf Pro line. Early in her career, she used the Dunlop Max 200G racquet before switching to Wilson from 1994 to 1999. She first used the Wilson Pro Staff 7.0 lite, then switched to the Pro Staff 7.5 in 1996 and to the Pro Staff 7.1 in 1998. Graf's racquets were strung at 29 kilograms (64 pounds), significantly above the 50-60 pound range recommended by Wilson. In 2006, she signed an endorsement deal with Head . In 2010, Graf and Agassi collaborated with Head and developed the new line of Star Series tennis racquets.

Graf has signed many endorsement deals throughout the years including a ten-year endorsement deal with car manufacturer Opel
Opel
in 1985, and Rexona from 1994 to 1998. Other companies she has endorsed include Barilla , Apollinaris , Citibank
Citibank
, Danone and Teekanne . She has appeared in many advertisements and television commercials with Andre Agassi including Canon Inc.
Canon Inc.
and Longines
Longines
in 2008 (Agassi became Longines
Longines
ambassador in 2007). In 2015, she was appointed as the brand ambassador of Kerala tourism
Kerala tourism
, for promoting Ayurveda
Ayurveda
in North America and Europe.

PERSONAL LIFE

In 1997, she left the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
for "personal reasons".

During her career, Graf divided her time between her hometown of Brühl , Boca Raton, Florida
Boca Raton, Florida
and New York City
New York City
where she owned a penthouse in the former Police Headquarters Building in SoHo .

From 1992 to 1999, Graf dated racing driver Michael Bartels
Michael Bartels
. She started dating Andre Agassi
Andre Agassi
after the 1999 French Open
French Open
and they married on 22 October 2001, with only their mothers as witnesses. They have two children: son Jaden Gil (born 2001) and daughter Jaz Elle (born 2003). The Graf-Agassi family resides in Summerlin , a community in the Las Vegas Valley
Las Vegas Valley
. Graf's mother and her brother, Michael Graf, with his four children also live there.

In 1991, the Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
Youth Tennis
Tennis
Center in Leipzig
Leipzig
was dedicated. She is the founder and chairperson of "Children for Tomorrow", a non-profit foundation established in 1998 for implementing and developing projects to support children who have been traumatized by war or other crises.

In 2001, Graf indicated that she preferred to be called Stefanie instead of Steffi.

AWARDS AND HONOURS

Graf was voted the ITF World Champion in 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1993, 1995 and 1996. She was voted the WTA Player Of The Year in 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996. She was elected as the German Sportsperson of the Year in 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989 and 1999.

Graf was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame
International Tennis Hall of Fame
in 2004 and the German Sports Hall of Fame in 2008.

SEE ALSO

* Tennis
Tennis
portal

* WTA Tour records * Grand Slam (tennis)
Grand Slam (tennis)
* List of WTA number 1 ranked players
List of WTA number 1 ranked players
* List of female tennis players * List of tennis tournaments * List of tennis rivalries * Tennis
Tennis
records of the Open Era
Open Era
- Women\'s Singles * Overall tennis records - Womens\'s Singles * Graf–Navratilova rivalry * Graf–Sabatini rivalry
Graf–Sabatini rivalry
* Graf–Seles rivalry
Graf–Seles rivalry

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