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The term status quo ante bellum (often shortened to status quo ante) is a Latin
Latin
phrase meaning "the state existing before the war".[1] The term was originally used in treaties to refer to the withdrawal of enemy troops and the restoration of prewar leadership. When used as such, it means that no side gains or loses territory or economic and political rights. This contrasts with uti possidetis, where each side retains whatever territory and other property it holds at the end of the war. The term has been generalized to form the phrases status quo and status quo ante. Outside this context, the term antebellum is, in the United States, usually associated with the period before the American Civil War, while in Europe and elsewhere with the period before World War I.

Contents

1 Historical examples

1.1 Seven Years' War 1.2 War of 1812 1.3 Korean DMZ Conflict 1.4 Football War 1.5 Iran–Iraq War 1.6 Kargil War

2 See also 3 References

Historical examples[edit] An early example is the treaty that ended the Byzantine–Sasanian War of 602–628 between the Eastern Roman and the Sasanian Persian Empires. The Persians had occupied Asia Minor, Palestine and Egypt. After a successful Roman counteroffensive in Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
finally brought about the end of the war, the integrity of Rome's eastern frontier as it was prior to 602 was fully restored. Both empires were exhausted after this war, and neither was ready to defend itself when the armies of Islam emerged from Arabia
Arabia
in 632. Another example is the sixteenth century Abyssinian-Adal war
Abyssinian-Adal war
between the Muslim Adal Sultanate
Adal Sultanate
and Christian Ethiopian Empire
Ethiopian Empire
which ended in a stalemate. Both empires were exhausted after this war, and neither was ready to defend itself against the pagan Oromo Migrations.[2] Seven Years' War[edit] The Seven Years' War
Seven Years' War
between Prussia and Austria lasted from 1756 to 1763 and concluded status quo ante bellum.[3] Austria tried to regain the region of Silesia, lost in the War of the Austrian Succession eight years previously, but the territory remained in the hands of the Prussians. War of 1812[edit] Another example of a war that ended status quo ante bellum is the War of 1812 between the United States and the United Kingdom, which was concluded with the Treaty
Treaty
of Ghent in 1814.[4] During negotiations, British diplomats had suggested ending the war uti possidetis,[5] While American diplomats also demanded cession from Canada,[6] the final treaty, due in large part to pressure from the British government to secure peace early left neither gains nor losses in land for the United States or the United Kingdom's Canadian colonies. Korean DMZ Conflict[edit] The Korean DMZ Conflict, also referred to as the Second Korean War by some, was a series of low-level armed clashes between North Korean forces and the forces of South Korea and the United States, largely occurring between 1966 and 1969 at the Korean DMZ. Football War[edit] The Football War, also known as the Soccer War or 100 Hour War, was a brief war fought between El Salvador and Honduras in 1969. Ceasefire by Organization of American States
Organization of American States
intervention. Iran–Iraq War[edit] The Iran–Iraq War
Iran–Iraq War
lasted from September 1980 to August 1988. "The war left the borders unchanged. Two years later, as war with the western powers loomed, Saddam Hussein
Saddam Hussein
recognized Iranian rights over the eastern half of the Shatt al-Arab, a reversion to the status quo ante bellum that he had repudiated a decade earlier." Kargil War[edit] The Kargil War
Kargil War
was an armed conflict between India and Pakistan
Pakistan
that took place between May and July 1999 in the Kargil district
Kargil district
of Jammu & Kashmir and elsewhere along the Line of Control
Line of Control
(LoC). The war started with the infiltration of Pakistani soldiers and armed insurgents into positions on the Indian side of the LoC. After two months of fighting, the Indian military regained the majority of the positions on the Indian side, and the Pakistani forces withdrew to their peacetime positions. The war ended with no territorial changes on either side.[7] See also[edit]

Antebellum (other) Pre-war (other) Law of war

Jus ad bellum Jus in bello

Fait accompli Revanchism Irredentism Reset button technique Facts on the ground De facto Ex factis jus oritur

References[edit]

^ "status quo ante bellum". Merriam-Webster Online. Retrieved January 28, 2013.  ^ Gikes, Patrick (2002). "Wars in the Horn of Africa and the dismantling of the Somali State". African Studies. University of Lisbon. 2: 89–102. Retrieved 7 November 2016.  ^ Schweizer, Karl W. (1989). England, Prussia, and the Seven Years War: Studies in Alliance Policies and Diplomacy. Edwin Mellen Press. p. 250. ISBN 9780889464650.  ^ Donald Hickey. "An American Perspective on the War of 1812". PBS. Retrieved January 28, 2013.  ^ " Treaty
Treaty
of Ghent: War of 1812". PBS. Retrieved January 28, 2013.  ^ carl benn the war of 1812 pg82 ^ Dixit, Jyotindra (2001). Indian Foreign Policy and Its Neighbours. India: Gyan Books. pp. 151–152. ISBN 97

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