SUí (simplified Chinese : 随; traditional Chinese : 隨; pinyin :
Suí) was a
During the initial stages of the Spring and Autumn Period from 771 BCE, the power of Sui’s neighbor the State of Chu grew considerably. At the same time Sui also expanded and became leader of the various vassal states whose leaders bore the surname Ji known as the HANYANG JI VASSALS (汉阳诸姬).
Zuo Zhuan records that in 706 BCE
King Wu of Chu invaded the
State of Sui on the grounds that the state’s minister Ji Liang
(季梁) had halted the king’s army. Not long afterwards, the Sui
military commander received Chu Prime Minister Dou Bobi (鬬伯比)
who concluded that given the opportunity Sui would conspire against
Chu. Two years later in the summer of 704 BCE following Sui’s
non-appearance at a meeting of the vassal states called at Shenlu
King Wu of Chu personally led his army in an attack on Sui.
Thereafter Sui was defeated at the Battle of Suqi (速杞之战). The
state's leader fled whilst Chu minister Dou Dan (鬬丹) captured the
In 690 BCE King Wu died in the course of an expedition into Sui at a time when the latter state wanted peace. Over the following decades, Chu gradually annexed Hanyang Ji Vassals in every direction. In 640 BCE the vassals attacked Chu with Sui as their leader but were defeated and entered into peace talks.
By the time of the
Battle of Chengpu
The Chu capital at Ying suffered an attack by the State of Wu in 506
King Zhao of Chu fled to Sui. Although under pressure
from Wu, Sui would not hand over King Zhao and protected him well. For
this reason Sui was rewarded by Chu. For the year 494 BCE the Spring
and Autumn Annals records: "The Prince of Chu, the
At some unknown later date, Sui was finally overthrown by Chu.
CONNECTION BETWEEN SUI AND ZENG
However, in January 2013, a late Spring and Autumn , early Warring States Period bronze halberd (ge) belonging to the chancellor of the Sui state, inscribed with the text "随大司马献有之行戈," was uncovered during excavations in Suizhou. This is an extremely important discovery for researchers studying the relationship between the Sui and Zeng states, in addition to a large bronze bell detailing inter-state relations between Chu, Wu and Zeng, when corresponding written records state Chu, Wu and Sui. Among other artifacts discovered were Western Zhou period bronzes detailing the founding of the Zeng State by descendants of Nangong Kuo , enfeoffed in Suizhou to pacify the local Huaiyi tribes.
* v * t * e
SPRING AND AUTUMN
* Cai * Cao * Chen * Chu * Jin * Lu * Qi * Qin * Song * Wey * Wu * Yan * Yue * Zheng
* Ba * Bei * Chao * Dao * Dai * Deng * E * Eastern Guo * Western Guo * Gumie * Guzhu * Han * Hua * Huang * Huo * Ji * Jia * Ju * Lai * Liang * Liao * Lü * Luo * Pi * Qǐ * Quan * Rui * Ruo * Shēn * Shěn * Sui * Tan * Tang * Xi * Xian * Xing * Xu * Yang * Yiqu * Yu * Zhongshan * Zhoulai * Zou
* Chu * Han * Qi * Qin * Wei * Yan * Zhao
* Ba * Cai * Dai * Lu * Shu * Song * Teng * Wey * Yiqu * Yue * Zheng * Zhongshan * Zou